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  • 1.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    En analys av Skolverkets satsning på utvecklingsmedel för entreprenörskap i skolan2015Report (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Informationens värde och digitalisering ur ett strategiskt styrningsperspektiv: en förstudie inom Trafikverket2018Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    "Rapport inom projektet “Entreprenörskap i skolan"2013In: Rivna murar - byggda framgångar. Strategier för skolutveckling: Rivna murar - byggda framgångar. Strategier för skolutveckling. / [ed] Nyström JE & Järvinen S, Eskilstuna, Sweden: Eskilstuna kommun , 2013, p. 82-117Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Entreprenörskap i skolan är ett relativt nytt begrepp. Utifrån olika intressenters perspektiv kan man hitta delvis överlappande och delvis alternativa syften med att man i skolan ska arbeta entreprenöriellt, och ha entreprenörskap på agendan. En del vill få fram fler företagare eller entreprenörer, vilka ska skapa framtida arbetsplatser och skatteintäkter, andra har mer mjuka värden kopplade till entreprenörskap i skolan, som mer handlar om individens personliga utveckling, såsom ta-sig-för-sam-het, nyfikenhet, kreativitet etc. Att förbereda eleverna på vad som ska komma efter skoltiden, att lära om det kommande arbetslivet, är också ett syfte. Entreprenörskap i skolan handlar både om företagande och företagsamhet, skriver Svenskt Näringsliv . Vi (näringslivet) har ett gemensamt intresse (med skolan) att på bästa sätt förbereda eleverna för livet efter skolan. Skolan ska bl.a. bidra till att ge eleverna en inblick i företagandets villkor och möjligheter. Entreprenörskap i skolan är ett pedagogiskt förhållningssätt i klassrummen lika mycket som det är en kunskap om egenföretagande, skriver Skolverket . Det handlar om att ta fram och utveckla elevers inneboende nyfikenhet, initiativförmåga och självförtroende redan från tidiga åldrar. Den nya läroplanen och kursplanerna för grundskolan, Lgr 11, som trädde i kraft hösten 2011 , betonar vikten av att stimulera färdigheter och förmågor som lägger grunden för entreprenörskap . Entreprenöriellt lärande (EL) ska genomsyra skolan, från förskola och igenom hela skolsystemet. Hur ska en skola hantera dessa delvis nya förväntningar på verksamheten? Redan innan entreprenörskap i skolan infördes i skolan, kände en rektor vid Odlarskolan i Eskilstuna att det fanns för många omotiverade och oengagerade elever vid skolan. Han upplevde till och med att eleverna utvecklat ”anti-strategier” mot lärande. Detta ville han göra något åt. Tillsammans med övrig ledning vid skolan och en extern projektledare från Mälardalens högskola initierades ett projekt, finansierat av Skolverket samt Samhällskontraktet, som man döpte till ”Entreprenörskap i skolan”. Tanken var att skapa kraft, riktning samt genomföra ett gemensamt arbete för att motivera eleverna, med förhoppningen att detta på sikt skulle resultera i förbättrade meritvärden. Dessutom ville man skapa en bättre sammanhållning mellan elever, och mellan eleverna och lärare. Projektet ”Entreprenörskap i skolan” blev ett redskap, en metod att uppnå detta. Det här är en återberättelse av hur ledning och lärare uppfattat projektet och dess initiala resultat.

  • 4.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Haglund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    En undersökning av entreprenörskap i förskola och skola i Västmanland: Nuläge, utmaningar och behov2016Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Hägglund, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Entrepreneurial Learning in Education: Preschool as a Take-Off for the Entrepreneurial Self2015In: Journal of Education and Training, ISSN 2330-9709, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 40-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently the phenomenon of entrepreneurship by political aspirations has entered the school setting. This is a world-wide development affecting education in practice and theory. In 2009 the Swedish Government launched a strategy stating that entrepreneurship should run like a common thread through the educational system. Since childhood is considered the ideal stage to influence attitudes towards entrepreneurship, and preschool constitutes the beginning of this publicly imposed “red thread”, this setting is of particular interest. In school practice the concept of entrepreneurship is translated into entrepreneurial learning. In this study we seek to investigate what characterises entrepreneurial learning in a preschool context according to preschool teachers by conducting both critical incident questionnaires and an in-depth interview using stimulated recall method. The empirical results suggest that entrepreneurial learning has developed the preschool teachers’ educational discussions and has affected the children’s entrepreneurial skills. Further, when analysing the material as to what supports and hinders a positive entrepreneurial learning situation, four main themes emerged: ongoing reflection, active participation, a meaningful learning situation and a tolerant atmosphere.

  • 6.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Höglund, Linda
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Is what’s good for business good for society?: Entrepreneurship in a school setting2018In: The Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Contexts.: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] U. Hytti, R. Blackburn & S. Tegtmeier, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, p. 54-75Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Mats, Westerberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship in Teacher Education - Conceptualization, Design & Learning outcomes2016In: RENT XXX, Antwerpen, Belgium, 18-19 November, 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Currently some novel initiatives in Sweden aim to introduce entrepreneurship broadly in teacher education programs. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on one of these early attempts. Specifically we will answer the following research questions: How is entrepreneurship conceptualized in teacher education programs? How is the education designed in terms of pedagogy and didactics? What are the main learning outcomes that the education strives for?

    Literature review: The broadening of the entrepreneurship concept where entrepreneurship is conceptualized as a general method for human development (Sarasvathy & Venkataraman, 2011) as well as the proposition by Hannon (2013) that entrepreneurism is the development of a set of individual behaviors, skills and attitudes can be applied in many societal contexts, has provided openings to work with entrepreneurship in teacher education. However in relation to entrepreneurship education we still lack knowledge on key educational and didactical issues, in terms of for instance the nature and impact of our activities (Fayolle, 2013) and in relation to teacher education programs this knowledge is even more scarce.

    Approach: In this mainly qualitative case study of a Swedish teacher education entrepreneurship module we apply interviews and surveys of both teachers and students to collect our empirical material. Our starting point is that entrepreneurship education activities in this setting needs to be underpinned by thoughts on theoretical concepts and practices from both entrepreneurship and learning theories. We use Fayolle and Gaillys (2008) teaching model framework as an analytic lens to help provide necessary understanding in relation to our pedagogical and didactical questions.

    Results: The results show how entrepreneurship education in teacher education is riddled with tensions relating to overall mission, target groups, pedagogy, content and assessments. However, there seem to be viable paths forward that might mitigate these tensions and provide a better opportunity for entrepreneurship education within the realm of teacher education.

    Implications and Value: First and foremost, we add to the knowledge about how entrepreneurship is introduced in teacher education programs, helping both researchers and practitioners understand the conceptualization, design in terms of pedagogy and didactic, as well as main learning outcomes. By using and building on Fayolle and Gailly’s (2008) theoretical teaching model framework, we provide structured empirical perspectives and knowledge aggregation on pedagogy and didactic in entrepreneurship education. As such we contribute to the knowledge about how entrepreneurship education is operationalized and perceived in a special case of non-business context, from both a teacher and student perspective.

  • 8.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Introducing Entrepreneurship in a School Setting - Entrepreneurial Learning as the Entrance Ticket2015In: The 8th International Conference for Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Regional Development, Sheffield: Sheffield University , 2015, p. 756-772Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevailing economic world order relies on financial progress and business development, and entrepreneurship is seen as an important means to achieve this. To inspire the development of an entrepreneurial mind-set among citizens, public initiatives through education has improved and consequently entrepreneurship education is booming. Positioning our research within the discussion regarding entrepreneurship as a broader societal phenomenon, our contribution lies within a much less researched context – entrepreneurship in the lower secondary school. In this context we focus on the teachers’ perspective to investigate how they approach entrepreneurship and what they actually do when teaching it. Our results indicate that there has been a change in terminology from entrepreneurship to entrepreneurial learning. Furthermore, there has been a change in practice. The empirics show that an entrepreneurial learning approach includes real-life connected projects, collaboration with the surrounding community and practising entrepreneurial skills. Adding to this, working with entrepreneurial learning has in this context resulted in enhancing the motivation of pupils as well as a changed perspective on teaching and learning. Our theoretical contribution lies within the literature on societal entrepreneurship, providing a conceptual model of entrepreneurship education in lower secondary education which is an attempt to clarify and enrich the discussion the discussion on a definition of entrepreneurship in a school setting.

  • 9.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Höglund, Linda
    Örebro university, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship in a School Setting – Constructing a Generation of Self-Conducted Managers?2015In: Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business RENT2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: to enhance our understanding of how entrepreneurship is translated into the school setting and possible consequences of its interpretations in regard to citizens and the surrounding society. Design/methodology/approach – We take a discourse approach drawing upon governmentality and the concepts of program and technology. In this paper we have a specific focus on how a programmatic initiative - a strategy for implementing entrepreneurship in schools - is made operable in practice by means of a technology – a competence development initiative - which is something that so far has been scarce in prior research. Findings – The results shows the process of how entrepreneurship gets translated into a new discourse of an entrepreneurial approach, which takes on a broader perspective including a life-long learning, cooperation with the society and democratic values. In this way stretching the program beyond its initial intentions. Moreover, that the entrepreneurial approach could come with unintended consequences that are related to democratic values which the discourse tend to marginalize or exclude. Originality/value of the paper – There has been a lack of studies that focus on the process of how programs of entrepreneurship is translated and made operable in the school setting. We are also questioning what is often taken for granted when it comes to entrepreneurship in schools i.e. what is good for business is good for education and society in large

  • 10.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship in teacher education: conceptualization and tensions2018In: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Education: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] Ulla Hytti, Robert Blackburn, Eddy Laveren, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd , 2018, p. 123-145Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Tensions that Enable or Constrain Strategy Making: The work of digitalizing a public-sector agency2018In: The relationship between the theory and practice of strategic management in the public sector.: theme 4, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a request for more studies on how public sector organizations apply Strategic Management (SM) in practice. This paper is our attempt to meet this request by presenting a qualitative case study of how a digitalization strategy was used to apply SM in the Swedish Transport Administration, a central government agency in Sweden. The empirical data contains 67 interviews at different hierarchical levels, focus group interviews and document studies. Eight of the interviews specifically targeted the work on the digitalization strategy. To analyse the empirical data, we aligned with the strategizing perspective focusing on possible tensions in strategy work. Thus, the aim of the paper is to further develop our knowledge of strategy work in the public sector by enhancing our understanding of what tensions strategy work brings about in the public sector and how these tensions potentially affect strategy making. By analysing strategizing micro processes, our results indicate that when working on digitalization, public sector organizations need to be aware of at least four possible tensions that can enable or constrain strategy making. These tensions are: legitimacy vs. practicality, administrative management vs. innovative approaches, accessibility vs. security and planned vs. emergent strategies.

  • 12.
    Omorede, Adesuwa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Migrant Entrepreneurs and Their Spark for Entrepreneurial Exploration2018In: International Journal of Law and Political SciencesArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The war and violence around the world today has brought a mass increase of forcibly displaced individuals to seek refuge in the European Union, where they have to leave their homes and restart a new life built on other cultural, social, economic and legal premises than they are used to. Since 2014, the EU have accepted such individuals to help deal with the crisis by providing protection and refuge. Countries like Germany, Hungary, Austria and Sweden accepted around two- third of EU’s asylum seekers. Statistics from the Swedish migrations agency shows that about 163, 000 people applied as asylum seekers in December 2015 as compared to the 20, 000 persons who applied in April of the same year. This dramatic rise in population brought an overwhelming shock to Sweden because they needed to find quick and suitable solutions to be able to accommodate the thousands of refugees. Due to this, it posed a challenge for the Sweden to immediately tackle the problem of integrating the new arrivals in the labor market. With less societal integration and little or no skills to connect to the workforce, these immigrants faced a shaky beginning, as they had to struggle with not just integrating into a new society but also to get suitable jobs. These uncertainties brought pressures to the immigrants which drove a certain number of them to move from city to city seeking for a place seek for alternatives not just to contribute to their own well-being but also to contribute to the environment which provided a safe haven for them. As a result, they brought in their own skills, experiences, and cultural orientation to exploring and exploiting new opportunities and filling the gaps in their new environment. Recently, immigrants contribute with multidisciplinary collaborations and insights, international relations and to national growth through the exploitation of entrepreneurial opportunities because they come with different backgrounds and see their new society with a different “lenses” from the locals in the country. Our study, seek to understand how these uncertainties led migrant entrepreneurs towards entrepreneurial activities. We seek to understand their processes towards exploring and exploiting opportunities for entrepreneurship as well as their role in contributing to the regional growth. To reach these aims, we conducted a qualitative study using open-ended interviews of several migrant entrepreneurs – both female and male – that took part in two different entrepreneurial projects in mid-Sweden. The first projects was a business program for African women, the other was an entrepreneurship hub for immigrants. Both were focused on inspiring and coaching immigrants during their entrepreneurial process. An integrated part was to work with the participants’ entrepreneurial skills and abilities. In addition, we also collected archival documents to support our data. We analyzed our data using content analysis for qualitative research. The study aims to contribute to the entrepreneurship literature by understanding the influences of cognitive and environmental factors towards entrepreneurial activities. This study also provides several suggestions for policy makers on how they can better integrate migrants into becoming contributors of the society.

  • 13.
    Omorede, Adesuwa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    To Exist Or To Persist: Exploring The Entrepreneurial Phases For Immigrant Entrepreneurs2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study looks into the immigrant entrepreneurial self and their opportunity identification strategies along the entrepreneurial phases. It addresses the recent surge in entrepreneurship literature that has attracted more attention due to the inflated level of immigrations especially in the European countries. The study draws samples from immigrants who have the intentions of starting a venture (the pre-start-up phase), those who have already started their venture (start-up/early phase), those who have nurtured their ventures to maturity (growth/development phase) and those who are in the process of exit (exit phase). Findings suggest that immigrant entrepreneurs adopt several strategies for capturing opportunity during the early phase which, in turn, influence their self-image. Additionally, for the immigrant entrepreneurs included in this study, the identifying and capturing of these opportunities becomes as important as how they perceive themselves. This study shows that the immigrant entrepreneurs’ affective motivation served as an essential mechanism leading their strong selfimage towards their aspirational goals

1 - 13 of 13
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