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  • 1.
    Cederbom, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; The Unit for Rehabilitation in the municipality of Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Denison, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Home Help Service Staffs' Descriptions of Their Role in Promoting Everyday Activities Among Older People in Sweden Who Are Dependent on Formal Care.2017In: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 36, no 8, p. 971-992Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to explore how home help service staff described their role in improving the abilities of older people, in particular, older women with chronic pain who are dependent on formal care, to perform everyday activities. Three focus group interviews were conducted, and a qualitative inductive thematic content analysis was used. The analysis resulted in one theme: struggling to improve the care recipients' opportunities for independence but being inhibited by complex environmental factors. By encouraging the care recipients to perform everyday activities, the staff perceived themselves to both maintain and improve their care recipients' independence and quality of life. An important goal for society and health care professionals is to improve older people's abilities to "age in place" and to enable them to age independently while maintaining their quality of life. A key resource is home help service staff, and this resource should be utilized in the best possible way.

  • 2.
    Götell, Eva
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Örebro University, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Can caregiver singing improve person transfer in dementia care2012In: Music and Medicine, ISSN 1943-8621, Vol. 4, no 4, p. 237-244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Everyday person transfer situations involving persons with dementia and their caregivers can be reciprocally problematic. Group interviews with professional caregivers were conducted, focusing on the caregivers’ experiences of singing during person transfer situations with residents with dementia, and a qualitative content analysis was performed. The caregivers expressed that compared to everyday transfer situations without singing, there were obvious differences during singing. When the caregiver sang, communication was mutually enhanced between the caregivers and the residents. Caregivers reported that residents seemed to show their true personalities, were able to move more fluidly and easily, seemed to better understand what was going on, and reacted with a spirited cheerfulness. The caregivers experienced themselves as more competent in and motivated to provide care in addition to positive emotions and moods. Caregiver singing during transfer situations may be one of several suitable nonpharmacological interventions that can be utilized when caregivers need to assist persons with dementia in transfer.

  • 3.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ivarsson, A. B.
    Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Inter-and Intra-Rater Reliability of a Newly Developed Assessment Scale: The Dyadic Interaction in Dementia Transfer Assessment Scale (DIDTAS)2015In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Geriatrics, ISSN 0270-3181, E-ISSN 1541-3152, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 279-293Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: To study the inter-and intra-rater reliability of a newly developed assessment scale, the Dyadic Interaction in Dementia Transfer Assessment Scale (DIDTAS). Methods: Two physiotherapists completed the observational form of the DIDTAS while watching 20 video-films of sit-to-stand-transfers or bedside transfers (i.e., caregiver-assisted transfers), videotaped in a dementia special care unit. Two-way analyses of variance (ANOVAs) were used for calculating ICC values of each item. Results: The results supported the overall reliability of the DIDTAS items with variations in inter-and intra-rater reliability, with ICC values from 0.35 to 0.92. Conclusion: On the basis of the transfer-related actions of dementia care dyads, the DIDTAS was shown to be sufficiently reliable. This in turn can provide healthcare professionals seeing and treating individuals suffering from dementia with a new method for assessing actions related to person transfer situations in dementia care facilities.

  • 4.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Götell, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro universitet, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Development of a new assessment scale for measuring interaction during staff-assisted transfer of residents in dementia special care units2015In: BMC Geriatrics, ISSN 1471-2318, E-ISSN 1471-2318, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 6Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Mobility problems and cognitive deficits related to transferring or moving persons suffering from dementia are associated with dependency. Physical assistance provided by staff is an important component of residents’ maintenance of mobility in dementia care facilities. Unfortunately, hands-on assistance during transfers is also a source of confusion in persons with dementia, as well as a source of strain in the caregiver. The bidirectional effect of actions in a dementia care dyad involved in transfer is complicated to evaluate. This study aimed to develop an assessment scale for measuring actions related to transferring persons with dementia by dementia care dyads.

    Methods

    This study was performed in four phases and guided by the framework of the biopsychosocial model and the approach presented by Social Cognitive Theory. These frameworks provided a starting point for understanding reciprocal effects in dyadic interaction. The four phases were 1) a literature review identifying existing assessment scales; 2) analyses of video-recorded transfer of persons with dementia for further generation of items, 3) computing the item content validity index of the 93 proposed items by 15 experts; and 4) expert opinion on the response scale and feasibility testing of the new assessment scale by video observation of the transfer situations.

    Results

    The development process resulted in a 17-item scale with a seven-point response scale. The scale consists of two sections. One section is related to transfer-related actions (e.g., capability of communication, motor skills performance, and cognitive functioning) of the person with dementia. The other section addresses the caregivers’ facilitative actions (e.g., preparedness of transfer aids, interactional skills, and means of communication and interaction). The literature review and video recordings provided ideas for the item pool. Expert opinion decreased the number of items by relevance ratings and qualitative feedback. No further development of items was performed after feasibility testing of the scale.

    Conclusions

    To enable assessment of transfer-related actions in dementia care dyads, our new scale shows potential for bridging the gap in this area. Results from this study could provide health care professionals working in dementia care facilities with a useful tool for assessing transfer-related actions.

  • 5.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Götell, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ivarsson, Ann-Britt
    Örebro universitet, Sweden.
    Development of a new assessment scale measuring interactional transferrelated behavior in dementia care dyads2014In: Health, Social Welfare and Co-production at Mälardalen University, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Götell, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Reciprocal struggle in person transfer tasks: caregivers’ experiences in dementia care2012In: Nordic Congress of Gerontology in Copenhagen / [ed] Christine E. Swane, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Götell, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Reciprocal struggling in person transfer tasks: Caregivers’ experiences in dementia care2012In: Advances in Physiotherapy, ISSN 1403-8196, E-ISSN 1651-1948, Vol. 14, no 4, p. 175-182Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study describes caregivers’ experiences of person transfer situations involving people with dementia. Method: Qualitative focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 10 caregivers; two groups with five persons each, including two men and eight women. The resulting data were extracted and condensed into meaning units and codes using content analysis. Findings: One main theme was formulated that represents the caregivers’ experiences of person transfer situations involving people with dementia: “Reciprocal struggle in person transfer tasks”. Five categories were formulated: “Becoming familiar and making contact”, “Risking one's own body to protect the resident from injury”, “Focused yet aware of the surroundings”, “Identifying needs to facilitate the person transfer” and “Struggling to be understood”. Conclusion: Person transfer situations involving people with dementia are subject to sudden changes. The ongoing challenge is to ensure a dynamic approach that can be adapted to the needs of the person with dementia at any given time. There is a need for more studies within the field about care and rehabilitation among people with dementia. We suggest that assessment of person transfer situations involving people with dementia and their caregivers is an important issue for further investigation and physiotherapeutic interventions.

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