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  • 51.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Implications of realising mix flexibility in assembly systems for product modularity - a case studyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 52.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Linking product design to flexibility in an assembly system: A case study2017Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 28, nr 5, s. 610-630Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The recent shift towards accommodating flexibility in manufacturing companies and the complexity resulting from product variety highlight the significance of flexible assembly systems and designing products for them. The purpose of this paper is to provide insight into the requirements of a flexible assembly system for product design from the assembly system's standpoint. Design/methodology/approach - To fulfil the purpose of the paper, a literature review and a case study were performed. The case study was conducted with an interactive research approach in a global market leader company within the heavy vehicle manufacturing industry. Findings - The findings indicate that common assembly sequence, similar assembly interfaces, and common parts are the main requirements of a flexible assembly system for product design which reduce complexity and facilitate various flexibility dimensions. Accordingly, a model is proposed to broaden the understanding of these requirements from the assembly system's standpoint. Research limitations/implications - This study contributes to the overlapping research area of flexible assembly systems and product design. Practical implications - The proposed model is largely based on practical data and clarifies the role of product design in facilitating flexibility in an assembly system. It can be used by assembly managers, assembly engineers, and product designers. Originality/value - The key originality of this paper compared to the previous studies lies in presenting a novel assembly-oriented design model. The model enhances understanding of a flexible assembly system's requirements for product design with regard to reducing complexity and managing variation in a flexible assembly system. These requirements can be applied to product design across various product families within a company's product portfolio.

  • 53.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats R.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Towards Establishing Similar Assembly Interfaces for a Mixed-product Assembly System2016Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, 2016, s. 635-640Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing a mixed-product assembly line (MPAL) is an elaborate task due to the complexity raised by product variety. This paper proposes that securing similar assembly interfaces across distinct product families is an essential requirement of MPALs which facilitates flexibility and reduces complexity. The concept of similar assembly interfaces has been developed and analysed in a case study at a heavy vehicle manufacturing company. The results suggest that assembly interfaces can be defined according to generic assembly operation steps: pick, place and attach. The paper highlights the need for development of a cross-functional methodology to analyse and establish similar assembly interfaces.

  • 54.
    Asadi, Narges
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Schedin, Joel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Considering assembly requirement specifications in product development: identification and approach2014Ingår i: FAIM 2014 - Proceedings of the 24th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing: Capturing Competitive Advantage via Advanced Manufacturing and Enterprise Transformation, 2014, s. 969-976Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to the major advantages such as reduced time to market and improved quality at lowered cost, the principles of design for assembly capabilities and concurrent engineering are of great significance when developing new products. However, identifying assembly requirement specifications and considering them in New Product Development (NPD) in a timely manner, while securing efficiency and robustness of assembly processes, still remains a challenging task. In presenting a case study of an NPD project in a manufacturing company, this article focuses on the process of capturing and incorporating the requirements related to the assembly system during the early phases of NPD. Further, the results of the research study indicate the different assembly requirements in the case company and pinpoint the challenges in practices involved in handling them. The assembly requirements identified in this research reflect some of the challenges encountered in handling the requirements, through the investigated requirement practice. Based on the results, the issues of when and how to consider the assembly requirements are highlighted in the conclusions and suggestions for future research are made.

  • 55.
    Ashjaei, Seyed Mohammad Hossein
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Enhancing Smart Maintenance Management Using Fog Computing Technology2017Ingår i: 2017 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management IEEM, 2017, s. 1561-1565Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order for factories to stay competitive in the current open global market, there should be efforts to put on optimizing the value stream of producing goods. Within this context, Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has been emerged as a technology aiming at achieving high productivity performance in manufacturing. A smart manufacturing approach also requires a smart maintenance management as it plays a crucial role in securing the productivity. IIoT applications are traditionally completed by the cloud computing technology to serve the required services. In this paper, we argue that maintenance processes have requirements that cannot be accomplished by solely the cloud computing technology. We identify several of these requirements. Then, we propose a platform using the fog computing technology, as a recently raised technology in IIoT, to enhance the smart maintenance management. We also discuss the ability of the platform in fulfilling the identified requirements.

  • 56.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    En analys av Skolverkets satsning på utvecklingsmedel för entreprenörskap i skolan2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 57.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Entrepreneurship in a School Setting: Introducing a Business Concept in a Public Context2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship has during the last decades gained an immense interest in academia, politics and practice. It is argued from politics that more entrepreneurs are necessary for the economic development. In addition, nowadays entrepreneurship is also perceived as a solution to social and societal challenges. This drives a need for entrepreneurial people everywhere in society who can cope with the inconstant and uncertain world of today. As a consequence, there are around the world numerous educational initiatives trying to inspire and fuel an entrepreneurial mind-set. Here, educations of all kind become relevant contexts since they provide an opportunity to affect children, youth’s and adult’s interest and attitudes towards entrepreneurship, and as such give a possibility to reach a vast number of people.

    Sweden is no exception, and in 2009 the Swedish Government launched a ‘Strategy for entrepreneurship in the field of education’ in which entrepreneurship is said to run like a common thread throughout education. The main focus is that self-employment is to become as natural as being an employee. As such the Government took an active stand for implementing entrepreneurship in the school setting on a broad front, from preschool to adult education.

    This development can be seen as part of New Public Management; a development where concepts from the private sector are lent and transferred to the public sector. Thus, when introducing entrepreneurship in the Swedish educational system, this at the same time means introducing a traditional business concept in a public setting. Therefore, the overall aim of this thesis is to increase knowledge of and insights on how a business concept – entrepreneurship – is operationalised and constructed in a public setting.

    When placing entrepreneurship in new societal contexts other questions arise and complexity intensifies. In this qualitative research, the empirical context in focus are schools. It investigates how entrepreneurship is constructed among teachers in their work. But also how this business concept is included in a non-business setting by studying how the entrepreneurship strategy is operationalised in educational practice.

    As such the thesis and its findings contribute to the scientific discussions on societal entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship education, as well as on strategy and strategising in a public context. The research also aspire to serve inspiration, insights and food for thoughts on discussions and reflections on entrepreneurship within the school practice. 

    This compilation thesis include five papers. To be able to fulfil the aim this research use a broad theoretical base and multiple qualitative research methods. The combination of methods include semi-structured interviews, in-depth interview using the stimulated recall method, focus group interviews, participative meetings, observations, document studies, digital questionnaires, written inquiries, analysing texts and critical incidents questionnaires.

  • 58.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Informationens värde och digitalisering ur ett strategiskt styrningsperspektiv: en förstudie inom Trafikverket2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 59.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Strategizing in the Public Sector: Findings from Implementing a Strategy of Entrepreneurship in Education  2016Ingår i: International Conference on Enterprise Marketing and Globalization (EMG). Proceedings, Singapore, 2016, s. 68-77Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Matters of strategy and entrepreneurship are receiving increased attention within the public sector. This paper’s purpose is to advance the understanding how strategizing unfolds in the public sector, an area scarcely researched. The context constitutes of a Swedish public Strategy of Entrepreneurship in Education. With help of the concepts content and process and their relation, the study investigates how entrepreneurship is implemented in the school setting demonstrating expressions of strategizing; how everyday activities are performed and change the outcome of strategy in practice. The paper makes a theoretical contribution to the field of strategic management in public sector and strategizing research by displaying the practitioners’ four main central practices important when it comes to implementing strategy in the public sector. It also enhances the knowledge on how governmental entrepreneurship initiatives are implemented in public settings.

     

  • 60.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Haglund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    En undersökning av entreprenörskap i förskola och skola i Västmanland: Nuläge, utmaningar och behov2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 61.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Hägglund, Sara
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Entrepreneurial Learning in Education: Preschool as a Take-Off for the Entrepreneurial Self2015Ingår i: Journal of Education and Training, ISSN 2330-9709, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 40-58Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently the phenomenon of entrepreneurship by political aspirations has entered the school setting. This is a world-wide development affecting education in practice and theory. In 2009 the Swedish Government launched a strategy stating that entrepreneurship should run like a common thread through the educational system. Since childhood is considered the ideal stage to influence attitudes towards entrepreneurship, and preschool constitutes the beginning of this publicly imposed “red thread”, this setting is of particular interest. In school practice the concept of entrepreneurship is translated into entrepreneurial learning. In this study we seek to investigate what characterises entrepreneurial learning in a preschool context according to preschool teachers by conducting both critical incident questionnaires and an in-depth interview using stimulated recall method. The empirical results suggest that entrepreneurial learning has developed the preschool teachers’ educational discussions and has affected the children’s entrepreneurial skills. Further, when analysing the material as to what supports and hinders a positive entrepreneurial learning situation, four main themes emerged: ongoing reflection, active participation, a meaningful learning situation and a tolerant atmosphere.

  • 62.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Höglund, Linda
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Is what’s good for business good for society?: Entrepreneurship in a school setting2018Ingår i: The Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Contexts.: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] U. Hytti, R. Blackburn & S. Tegtmeier, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018, s. 54-75Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 63.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Mats, Westerberg
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship in Teacher Education - Conceptualization, Design & Learning outcomes2016Ingår i: RENT XXX, Antwerpen, Belgium, 18-19 November, 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: Currently some novel initiatives in Sweden aim to introduce entrepreneurship broadly in teacher education programs. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on one of these early attempts. Specifically we will answer the following research questions: How is entrepreneurship conceptualized in teacher education programs? How is the education designed in terms of pedagogy and didactics? What are the main learning outcomes that the education strives for?

    Literature review: The broadening of the entrepreneurship concept where entrepreneurship is conceptualized as a general method for human development (Sarasvathy & Venkataraman, 2011) as well as the proposition by Hannon (2013) that entrepreneurism is the development of a set of individual behaviors, skills and attitudes can be applied in many societal contexts, has provided openings to work with entrepreneurship in teacher education. However in relation to entrepreneurship education we still lack knowledge on key educational and didactical issues, in terms of for instance the nature and impact of our activities (Fayolle, 2013) and in relation to teacher education programs this knowledge is even more scarce.

    Approach: In this mainly qualitative case study of a Swedish teacher education entrepreneurship module we apply interviews and surveys of both teachers and students to collect our empirical material. Our starting point is that entrepreneurship education activities in this setting needs to be underpinned by thoughts on theoretical concepts and practices from both entrepreneurship and learning theories. We use Fayolle and Gaillys (2008) teaching model framework as an analytic lens to help provide necessary understanding in relation to our pedagogical and didactical questions.

    Results: The results show how entrepreneurship education in teacher education is riddled with tensions relating to overall mission, target groups, pedagogy, content and assessments. However, there seem to be viable paths forward that might mitigate these tensions and provide a better opportunity for entrepreneurship education within the realm of teacher education.

    Implications and Value: First and foremost, we add to the knowledge about how entrepreneurship is introduced in teacher education programs, helping both researchers and practitioners understand the conceptualization, design in terms of pedagogy and didactic, as well as main learning outcomes. By using and building on Fayolle and Gailly’s (2008) theoretical teaching model framework, we provide structured empirical perspectives and knowledge aggregation on pedagogy and didactic in entrepreneurship education. As such we contribute to the knowledge about how entrepreneurship education is operationalized and perceived in a special case of non-business context, from both a teacher and student perspective.

  • 64.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Introducing Entrepreneurship in a School Setting - Entrepreneurial Learning as the Entrance Ticket2015Ingår i: The 8th International Conference for Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Regional Development, Sheffield: Sheffield University , 2015, s. 756-772Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The prevailing economic world order relies on financial progress and business development, and entrepreneurship is seen as an important means to achieve this. To inspire the development of an entrepreneurial mind-set among citizens, public initiatives through education has improved and consequently entrepreneurship education is booming. Positioning our research within the discussion regarding entrepreneurship as a broader societal phenomenon, our contribution lies within a much less researched context – entrepreneurship in the lower secondary school. In this context we focus on the teachers’ perspective to investigate how they approach entrepreneurship and what they actually do when teaching it. Our results indicate that there has been a change in terminology from entrepreneurship to entrepreneurial learning. Furthermore, there has been a change in practice. The empirics show that an entrepreneurial learning approach includes real-life connected projects, collaboration with the surrounding community and practising entrepreneurial skills. Adding to this, working with entrepreneurial learning has in this context resulted in enhancing the motivation of pupils as well as a changed perspective on teaching and learning. Our theoretical contribution lies within the literature on societal entrepreneurship, providing a conceptual model of entrepreneurship education in lower secondary education which is an attempt to clarify and enrich the discussion the discussion on a definition of entrepreneurship in a school setting.

  • 65.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Höglund, Linda
    Örebro university, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship in a School Setting – Constructing a Generation of Self-Conducted Managers?2015Ingår i: Research in Entrepreneurship and Small Business RENT2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: to enhance our understanding of how entrepreneurship is translated into the school setting and possible consequences of its interpretations in regard to citizens and the surrounding society. Design/methodology/approach – We take a discourse approach drawing upon governmentality and the concepts of program and technology. In this paper we have a specific focus on how a programmatic initiative - a strategy for implementing entrepreneurship in schools - is made operable in practice by means of a technology – a competence development initiative - which is something that so far has been scarce in prior research. Findings – The results shows the process of how entrepreneurship gets translated into a new discourse of an entrepreneurial approach, which takes on a broader perspective including a life-long learning, cooperation with the society and democratic values. In this way stretching the program beyond its initial intentions. Moreover, that the entrepreneurial approach could come with unintended consequences that are related to democratic values which the discourse tend to marginalize or exclude. Originality/value of the paper – There has been a lack of studies that focus on the process of how programs of entrepreneurship is translated and made operable in the school setting. We are also questioning what is often taken for granted when it comes to entrepreneurship in schools i.e. what is good for business is good for education and society in large

  • 66.
    Axelsson, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Westerberg, Mats
    Luleå Tekniska Universitet, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship in teacher education: conceptualization and tensions2018Ingår i: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Education: Frontiers in European Entrepreneurship Research / [ed] Ulla Hytti, Robert Blackburn, Eddy Laveren, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd , 2018, s. 123-145Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 67.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Arbetsplatsnära forskning: en diskussion om vilka krav det ställer på metoderna2016Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 68.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Solving the quality dilemma: Emergent quality management2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 151-166Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Emergent Quality Management paradigm combine the two sides of the dichotomy imposed by the dilemmas of the production system: on the one hand side exploitation, stability, control and efficiency and, on the other hand, exploration, adaptability, creativity and effectiveness. The two sides—actors’ exploration and the structures of exploitation—are interconnected and reinforce each other. Actors and structures are always interconnected with each other in a circular causality. It is through the interactions between the actors that the structures emerge, and these structures organize the activities of the actors. The conflict in goals between exploration and exploitation at individual and team levels is thus transcended. This is a theoretical transcendence, meaning that by using the Emergent Quality Management paradigm it becomes obvious that the dichotomy is not a problem that must be managed, but a necessary feature of wholeness.

  • 69.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Conclusions2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 167-171Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this concluding chapter, each of the previous chapters are reflected upon based on the emergent quality management paradigm presented in Chap. 9 by Backström. This book introduces four processes: innovation, production, knowledge creation, and value creation processes. It is emphasised that companies must prioritise and develop all four of these processes to survive and prosper. Throughout the book, dichotomies associated with these processes have been elaborated on and discussed. Historically, these dichotomies have often created dilemmas owing to the current understanding of their relations. However, as suggested in this book, alternative perspectives can be used in a constructive way to resolve these potentially high-impact dilemmas. Recognising the dichotomies as mutually dependent gives further possibilities for the development of production systems.

  • 70.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Introduction2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 1-8Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that the development of successful business and production systems are full of conflicting forces; initiatives that seem conducive to one line of work can be a constraint on another line of work. This kind of dilemma is the core subject of the current book, and by applying alternative perspectives to such dilemmas, the book will present ideas on how these could be managed in organizations. Organizations need to manage a number of challenges in terms of dualities in order to create a contemporary production system, which seems to be key to future innovative quality improvements in operations. The challenges and dichotomies that are addressed in this book are all part of four interrelated processes that together constitute key elements of a contemporary production system: The innovation process—creation and implementation of new offerings and solutions, The production process—production and distribution of offerings and solutions, The knowledge creation process—emergence and distribution of knowledge, The value creation process—created customer value based on the offerings and solutions developed. 

  • 71.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, AndersMälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.Johansson, Peter EMälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Innovative Quality Improvements in Operations2017Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book examines current and emerging challenges in manufacturing related to the ideal of developing production processes with variability and agility on one level of the system, combined with structures ensuring stability and robustness on another level; close to what by other scholars has been discussed in terms of continuous innovation.  However, this ideal has proven to be difficult to achieve in practice, and there is a need for enhanced and more sophisticated theoretical models dealing with the complexity surrounding organizational conditions to foster incremental as well as radical change in production systems, and, at the same time to ensure stability over time.

    As a theoretical frame of reference, a perspective on change where conflicting demands and conflicting activities, e.g., exploration and exploitation, are seen as intertwined and interdependent, is used throughout the book. The ideal from this perspective is to make use of such conflicting forces and to develop the change dynamics by keeping them in the same social system, not to structurally separate them in different departments or different initiatives.

    The main purpose of the book is to address an increased need for quality improvement through innovation and disruptive change in production. Traditional theories and managerial models of production systems are developed with a focus on stability and improvement. There is a need for enhanced models to reach an ability to develop new future production systems. The goal of the book is to provide nuances and new perspectives giving more realistic models of the production system to be able to increase the change potentiality of the organization and thus the long-term competiveness. Learning and organizational perspectives are in focus as enablers to increase the understanding of a production system as such. Long-term competitiveness through adaptability and the potential for radical improvement is of importance throughout the book. The use of dualities and the concept of ambidextrous organizations as a frame of understanding is the innovative strength for this area.

  • 72.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Döös, Marianne
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Hazy, James K.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Simulating the emergence of the organizing structures of work2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    —This article is a first step toward a visualization and classification system for studying dynamic organizing structures of work. As a first step toward this researchobjective, this study brings together two active projects. One called “relatonics” studies work group formation and is primarily empirical and inductive. The other called “Human Interaction Dynamics (HID)” imports concepts, relationships and modeling from complexity science and is therefore primarily theoretical and deductive. The vision is to use social media, data gathering, and process simulation technologies to rigorously describe, systematically visualize, and validly model the complex dynamics of work processes of different types. This work will serve as a means to classify, study and improve the performance of work systems. We describe our progress to data and suggest further research.

  • 73.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Åteg, Mattias
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Managers' task to supportintegrated autonomy at the workplace. Results from an intervention.: International Journal of Business and Management; Vol. 8, No. 22; 20132013Ingår i: International Journal of Business and Management, ISSN 1833-3850, E-ISSN 1833-8119, Vol. 8, nr 22, s. 20-31Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A new managerial task arises in today’s working life: to provide conditions for and influence interaction between actors and thus to enable the emergence of organizing structure in tune with a changing environment. We call this the enabling managerial task. The goal of this paper is to study whether training first line managers in the enabling managerial task could lead to changes in the work for the subordinates. This paper presents results from questionnaires answered by the subordinates of the managers before and after the training. The training was organized as a learning network and consisted of eight workshops carried out over a period of one year (September 2009 – June 2010), where the managers met with each other and the researchers once a month. Each workshop consisted of three parts, during three and a half hours. The first hour was devoted to joint reflection on a task that had been undertaken since the last workshop; some results were presented from the employee pre-assessments, followed by relevant theory and illuminating practices, finally the managers created new tasks for themselves to undertake during the following month. The subordinates’ answers show positive change in all of the seventeen scales used to assess it. The improvements are significant in scales measuring the relationship between the manager and the employees, as well as in those measuring interaction between employees. It is concluded that the result was a success for all managers that had the possibility of using the training in their management work.

  • 74.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Söderberg, Tobias
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Group creativity and work process structure2015Ingår i: The XXVI ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM'15, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity in work life typically includes several people, thus there is a need to understand how people interact and support each other in creative group processes. Is there, for example, a need for a structure of the work process of a creative group? This paper is about the possibility to enable self-organisation and if an attempt to do so can increase group creativity. In the experiment of this study half of the groups were given a work process structured to enable self-organisation. The degree of self-organisation was measured with a questionnaire and the idea flow was observed and analysed. Ideas were significantly more often observed and used by other group members in the more self-organised groups, and the two best solutions of the task were find among them. A work process structured according to the six delta model seems to increase self-organization as well as creativity of a group.

  • 75.
    Backström, Tomas
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Söderberg, Tobias
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Self-organisation and group creativity2016Ingår i: The Journal of Creativity and Business Innovation, ISSN 2351-6186, nr 2, s. 65-79Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The team has become the basic organisational unit of development and innovation work and an understanding of creativity at the collective level is crucial for long-term sustainability. This article takes a process perspective and understands group creativity as emerging from the interaction among group members. It is about the possibility to enable the emergence of selforganisation, thereby increasing group creativity. This paper presents an experiment where four out of eight randomly formed groups of students were given a work order structured according to the group process model “GroPro”. In groups using the GroPro ideas were significantly more often promoted, observed and used by other group members, and used in the final solution. Further, the two best solutions and the more creative solutions of the task were found among the GroPro groups. A work process structured according to the GroPro model seems to increase self-organisation as well as the creativity of the group. Further, the group process is shown to be more important for group creativity than the individual creativity of the group members. Our results encourage more focus on the group process by both academia and practitioners.

  • 76.
    Badasjane, Viktoria
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Critical interfaces for managing international manufacturing networks – A literature review2019Ingår i: 26 th EurOMA Conference EurOMA, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 77.
    Barros-Castro, Ricardo A.
    et al.
    Pontificia Univ Catolica Peru, Peru.
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Univ Hull, Sch Business, England; Victoria Univ Wellington, Victoria Business Sch, Wellington, New Zealand; Univ Canterbury, Sch Polit & Social Sci, New Zealand; Univ Queensland, Sch Agr & Food Sci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
    Pinzon, Luis
    Univ Los Andes, Dept Ind Engn, Bogota, Colombia.
    Systemic Intervention for Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning2015Ingår i: Systems research and behavioral science, ISSN 1092-7026, E-ISSN 1099-1743, Vol. 32, nr 1, s. 86-105Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a systemic intervention approach as a means to overcome the methodological challenges involved in research into computer-supported collaborative learning applied to the promotion of mathematical problem-solving (CSCL-MPS) skills in schools. These challenges include how to develop an integrated analysis of several aspects of the learning process; and how to reflect on learning purposes, the context of application and participants' identities. The focus of systemic intervention is on processes for thinking through whose views and what issues and values should be considered pertinent in an analysis. Systemic intervention also advocates mixing methods from different traditions to address the purposes of multiple stakeholders. Consequently, a design for CSCL-MPS research is presented that includes several methods. This methodological design is used to analyse and reflect upon both a CSCL-MPS project with Colombian schools, and the identities of the participants in that project. Copyright (c) 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • 78.
    Baumgart, Stephan
    et al.
    Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Punnekkat, Sasikumar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system. BIT-Pilani KK Birla Goa Campus, India.
    Enhancing Model-Based Engineering of Product Lines by Adding Functional Safety2015Ingår i: CEUR Workshop Proceedings, vol. 1487, 2015, s. 53-62Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Today's industrial product lines in the automotive and construction equipment domain face the challenge to show functional safety standard compliance and argue for the absence of failures for all derived product variants. The product line approaches are not su cient to support practitioners to trace safety-related characteristics through development. We aim to provide aid in creating a safety case for a certain con guration in a product line such that overall less e ort is necessary for each con guration. In this paper we 1) discuss the impact of functional safety on product line development, 2) propose a model-based approach to capture safety-related characteristics during concept phase for product lines and 3) analyze the usefulness of our proposal.

  • 79.
    Baumgart, Stephan
    et al.
    Volvo Construct Equipment, E&E Syst Architecture Dept, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Punnekkat, Sasikumar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Industrial Challenges to Achieve Functional Safety Compliance in Product Lines2014Ingår i: 2014 40TH EUROMICRO CONFERENCE SERIES ON SOFTWARE ENGINEERING AND ADVANCED APPLICATIONS (SEAA 2014), 2014, s. 356-360Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing safety critical products demands a clear safety argumentation for each product in spite of whether it has been derived from a product line or not. The functional safety standards do not explain how to develop safety critical products in product lines, and the product line concept is lacking specific approaches to develop safety critical products. Nonetheless, product lines are well-established concepts even in companies developing safety critical products. In this paper we present the results of an exploratory study interviewing 15 practitioners from 6 different companies. We identify typical challenges and approaches from industry and discuss their suitability. The challenges and approaches brought out by this study help us to identify and enhance applicable methods from the product line engineering domain that can meet the challenges in the safety critical domain as well.

  • 80.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    A corporate perspective on global management and development of lean production systems: A case study2014Ingår i: Handbook of Research on Design and Management of Lean Production Systems, IGI Global, 2014, s. 270-289Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The challenge for every multinational manufacturing company with the ambition to implement the lean production concept is how to implement it worldwide within its global manufacturing footprint. There are many decisions that need to be taken from a company group perspective when planning and implementing a lean program. These concern the level of standardization on principles and tools, how to structure and organize additional resources, how to share experiences within the organization, and how to sustain the effort. These factors are elaborated in this chapter from a factory perspective based on the presentation of the lean journey of Gyproc AB, a process industry company within the Gypsum part of the large Saint Gobain group. The company has worked for about ten years with implementing world-class manufacturing and has extensive experience of the issues of starting-up and sustaining the lean-based concept. 

  • 81.
    Bellgran, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Environmental Management in Manufacturing Industries2015Ingår i: Handbook of Clean Energy Systems / [ed] Jinyue Yan, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd , 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental concern requires manufacturing industries to direct resources and effort toward strategies and activities that help reducing their overall environmental impact. Using environmental management systems (EMSs) such as ISO 14001 or similar is common. However, as the EMSs do not put absolute requirements on the organization's environmental performance, it is still up to each manufacturing company to set the ambition level. As part of the EMSs, the identification of the environmental aspects to be dealt with during the operations phase could be supported by an industrial applicable method called Green Performance Map (GPM), engaging the employees on all levels to work with those environmental improvements they could impact. While most manufacturing companies are implementing the concept of lean production, it is advantageous to integrate the environmental improvement work into the existing lean infrastructure with, for example, daily management systems and scheduled activities for continuous improvement. Another approach discussed in the article is the need for emphasizing the design of the production system as an upstream activity that has fundamental impact on the environmental performance downstream, that is, in the operations phase. When designing new production equipment or renovating existing equipment, the opportunities to incorporate more energy- and resource-efficient solutions are much greater and cheaper compared to investing in such solutions afterward during serial production. Arguably, a combined design and operations approach is necessary in order to achieve a complete green mindset that will guide the environmental actions on both the strategic, tactical, and operational levels. Managing the environmental tasks is part of the overall strive toward lean and clean energy systems in manufacturing industry.

  • 82.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Applying multi-factorial pareto analysis in prioritizing maintenance improvement initiatives2015Ingår i: The 3rd International Conference on Reliability, Safety and Hazard - Advances in Reliability, Maintenance and Safety ICRES-ARMS'15, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One practical solution in prioritizing which maintenance improvement initiative to undertake is by using Pareto analysis. This has also been advocated for, as one tool (of many), to use within maintenance by many maintenance research practitioners. However, there are some drawbacks and potential sources of errors if not being cautious. The main objective of this research is to develop and test a tool to be utilized for prioritization purposes of maintenance improvement initiatives. The purpose of the paper is to exemplify, from an industrial case, some of the strengths and weaknesses of this approach.

  • 83.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Machining Equipment Life Cycle Costing Model with Dynamic Maintenance Cost2016Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 48, s. 102-107Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how a Life cycle cost or Total cost of ownership analysis has been performed on machining equipment in a Swedish company. Life cycle cost models used in case studies are compared to an empirical model, used at the company, where dynamic energy, fluid, and maintenance cost are included. Linear and variable factors in the models are analyzed and discussed regarding data availability and estimation, especially with emphasis on maintenance. The life cycle cost aspect of the equipment give guidelines to consider operation, maintenance, tools, energy, and fluid cost in addition to acquisition cost, when designing/specifying the equipment.

  • 84.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Volvo Construction Equipment Operations, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Lundström, Gunnar
    Volvo Construction Equipment Operations, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    On the importance of combining "the new" with "the old" - One important prerequisite for maintenance in industry 4.02018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, s. 118-125Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Development and technological advancement within Industry 4.0 is on top of agendas worldwide. The prediction that cost of technology will decrease while computational power will increase may lead to a maintenance community putting too much trust in technological advancement, leaving basic maintenance concepts and management underdeveloped or even unimplemented in the future. This paper will, through a case study, exemplify the importance of combining basic maintenance concepts and management, e.g., early equipment management, predetermined preventive maintenance, and root-cause failure analysis and elimination, with technological advancement, e.g., predictive maintenance, cyber-physical systems, internet of things, and big data, in order to increase total maintenance effectiveness.

  • 85.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Volvo Construct Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden..
    Salonen, Antti
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Requirements and Needs-A Foundation for Reducing Maintenance-Related Waste2016Ingår i: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 10TH WORLD CONGRESS ON ENGINEERING ASSET MANAGEMENT (WCEAM 2015), 2016, s. 105-112Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to discuss and elaborate on requirements of maintenance and the resulting maintenance needs in order to maintain said requirements without introducing waste while doing so, taking into account both external and internal wastes. The paper will present, and elaborate on, conceptual models that can be utilized in maintenance operations in order to increase awareness of the importance of well-founded customer/stakeholder requirements in order to articulate appropriate maintenance needs in order to balance effectiveness and efficiency as well as to reduce or eliminate maintenance-related waste.

  • 86.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Söderlund, Carina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Salonen, Antti
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Ahmadzadeh, Farzaneh
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rastegari, Ali
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Handbok för att minska underhållsrelaterade slöserier2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    ENLIGT HEMSIDAN ”www.phrases.org.uk”(2016-02-25) myntade författaren Daniel Defoe frasen ’döden och skatter’ år 1726 och fler har sedan följt i hans fotspår. En av de kanske mest kända formuleringarna kom till i ett samtal mellan Benjamin Franklin och Jean-Baptiste Leroy (1789): ”I denna värld kan ingenting sägas vara säkert, utom döden och skatterna.” (fritt översatt från engelska). Vi har även funnit en person som använt det här uttrycket kopplat till underhåll, nämligen Kevin Marshall som diskuterar underhåll av hyreshus: ”...döden, skatter och underhåll.” (”www.flat-living.co.uk”, 2016-02-25). Underhåll i någon av alla dess former är någonting alla människor på jorden upplever nästan dagligen, medvetet eller omedvetet. Det finns egentligen bara ett sätt att tackla detta – med ett leende på läpparna. Man behöver dock inte vara slösaktig. På samma sätt som väldigt få vill betala mer i skatt än vad lagen kräver så vill sällan någon betala mer för underhåll än vad nöden kräver. Det är vad denna handbok handlar om. Den vänder sig till tillverkande företag som önskar minska sina underhållsrelaterade slöserier, och därför har behov av att se över sin verksamhet. Boken vänder sig i första hand till ledningsgrupper för underhåll, underhållschefer och underhållsutvecklare/ingenjörer. Dock, för att citera en av våra samarbetspartners: ”Det är ett slöseri om bara anställda inom underhållsavdelningen läser boken.” För att nå ett hållbart resultat är vi övertygade om att medvetenheten om slöserier och underhållsrelaterade slöserier behöver höjas bland samtliga anställda i en verksamhet. Detta är anledningen till att vi vill att du använder handboken. Vi uppmanar till att du läser exemplen och diskuterar frågorna med medarbetare inom hela underhållsavdelningen, och gärna tvärfunktionellt med produktion och övriga stödfunktioner. Vårt mål är att ge vägledning för hur tillverkande företag kan arbeta med underhållsrelaterade slöserier. Boken klargör vad sådana slöserier är, samt tips och idéer på hur man kan identifiera, klassificera och kvantifiera dem. Handboken presenterar även en arbetsprocess för att minska eller ta bort underhållsrelaterade slöserier så kostnadseffektivt som möjligt. Den innehåller också korta teoriavsnitt med exempel från praktiken och frågor som ledningsgrupper och anställda inom verksamheten kan diskutera. Genom att följa arbetsprocessen kan du och ditt företag få ökad medvetenhet och förståelse för underhållsrelaterade slöserier inom er egen verksamhet. Handboken fokuserar främst på de tidiga stegen i processen eftersom de är mest avgörande för ett lyckat resultat. Underhållsrelaterade slöserier är delvis unika för varje företag. Tyvärr finns inga genvägar eller standarder för att minska eller ta bort dem. Att endast läsa handboken kommer inte att ge något resultat. Den här boken bygger på att du och ditt företag aktivt finner er egen väg för att minska eller ta bort de underhållsrelaterade slöserier ni upptäcker i er verksamhet.

  • 87.
    Berglund, Rachael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Critical Psychosocial Risk Treatment for Engineers and Technicians2019Ingår i: ICRAM 2019 ICRAM, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 88.
    Berglund, Rachael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    How companies work with the psychosocial work environment2018Ingår i: Experiments and measures to promote well-being and occupational health, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    According to leading researchers such as by Leka & Cox, Psychosocial risk management is recommended as the way to proactively and systematically ensure that work factors in the organizational and social work environment lead to wellbeing and engagement instead of strain, stress and ultimately exhaustion. Companies in Sweden scored the highest among companies in Europe on the psychosocial risk management index in 2012. In spite of this, work related illnesses attributed to organizational and social factors in the workplace have increased by 91% since 2011. Theoretically, if Sweden is very good at psychosocial risk management then the occupational illness levels related to the organizational and social work environment should be decreasing and not steadily on the rise. This paper presents findings from a study of how large companies in Sweden work with the psychosocial work environment one year after the introduction of organizational and social work environment legislation in Sweden in March 2016. Method – Telephone interviews about the psychosocial work environment were carried out with five large companies acknowledged to be good employers in Sweden; Volvo Car AB, Swedish Public Service Television company, AB Volvo, Microsoft and SKF. Informants belonging to the HR department on a global or national level in Sweden completed the interview. The interviews were transcribed during the interview and the accuracy of the content approved by each company before being included in the data set. Preliminary Results – The analysis of the results are ongoing. Preliminary findings suggest that; companies express a willingness to work systematically with the psychosocial work environment in a way similar to the physical work environment; that the introduction of legislation instigated some actions, and that the employee satisfaction survey is used as a form of risk analysis tool. Further, companies differ in whether they focus on the individual or the work environment when working to alleviate the negative health effects of work related stress after it has been detected. The findings are discussed in relation to work factors, psychosocial risk management and finally proactive & reactive tools and methods used. Preliminary Conclusions – The study provides an insight into what companies are actually doing when they are working with the psychosocial work environment. The contribution to science is increasing knowledge about how companies may be following all or some of the risk management process and what actions and tools they are using to do it.

  • 89.
    Berglund, Rachael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Hultgren, Ulrika
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Kan ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar påverka psykosocialt säkerhetsklimat?2017Ingår i: Forum för Arbetslivsforskning (FALF), Alnarp, 13-15 Juni 2017, Online, 2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Session 8Stress och psykosociala faktorerBeskrivning av en pågående studie: Kan ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar påverka psykosocialt säkerhetsklimat?Rachael Berglund, Ulrika Hultgren & Tomas BackströmStressrelaterad ohälsa i arbetslivet kostar Europa €617 miljard om året och påverkar 40 miljoner enligt International Labour Organisation (ILO). Det psykosociala säkerhetsklimatet (PSK) lig-ger till grund för hur en organisation eller arbetsgrupp verkligen mår. Enligt lagstiftningen idag i Europa ska alla arbetsplatser arbeta förebyggande för att eliminera eller minska identifierade riskfaktorer, vilket inkluderar psykosociala risker. Denna studie har som syfte att undersöka om ett systematiskt arbete med riskbedömningar av den psykosociala arbetsmiljön kan påverka det psykosociala säkerhetsklimatet, välbefinnande och arbetets effektivitet i arbetsgrupper. Två glo-bala industriföretag i Sverige ingår i studien. Interventionen riktar sig mot ledare och förväntas påverka cirka 200 medarbetare per företag. Undersökningen har en kvasiexperimentell design med kontrollgrupp. Enkäter som mäter PSK, stressorer, välbefinnande och effektivetet används vid tre tidpunkter: en mätning före interventionen, en efter och en mätning efter ytterligare sex månader. Interventionen innefattar tre faser. Under fas 1 utbildas ledarna i psykosocial säker-het, PSK, riskbedömningar och team-coaching. Vid fas 2 arbetar ledaren tillsammans med sin arbetsgrupp för att upprätta och följa en handlingsplan med syfte att eliminera eller minska arbetsgruppens prioriterade risker. Fas 3 överlappar delvis med fas 2 och innehåller fyra möten med fokus på psykosocial säkerhet där chefen träffar sina peers för chefsstöd och för att stärka coachningsbeteenden. Studien är unik eftersom PSK tidigare inte har används tillsammans med Health and Safety Executives’s management standards och dessutom för att team coachning används i ett systematiskt arbete med psykosociala riskbedömningar.

  • 90.
    Bjelkemyr, Marcus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Production Localization Factors: An Industrial and Literature Based Review2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013), Cranfield, United Kingdom, 2013, s. 489-494Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Decision are commonly based on the available or easily accessible information; this is also true for more complex assessments like production localization. Where to locate production is often a key strategic decisions that has great impact on a company’s profitability for a long time; insufficient business intelligence may therefore have grave consequences. Six production localization factor studies have been assessed to see if they are focusing on the same issues and if there are any gaps. A new approach for structuring localization factors and the localization process is then presented and assessed with regards to some previously identified critical issues.

  • 91. Björkman, Hans
    et al.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Öberg, Christina
    Angels and demons – The religion of Innovation?2013Ingår i: The Proceedings of The XXIV ISPIM Conference - Innovating in Global Markets: Challenges for Sustainable Growth Conference, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    History anticipates a link between religion and innovation, and religious aspects could be expected to impact also current innovation activities, positive or negative. This paper describes and discusses the relations between innovation and religion by means of a systematic literature review. The review points to six different causal claims between religion and innovation: (i) the Church as a platform for innovation and entrepreneurship; (ii) religion enabling or inhibiting innovation adaptation and diffusion; (iii) spirituality and ethics, and their relation to innovation, organisational development and human relation management; (iv) creation and utilisation of innovations in religious settings; (v) doctrinal innovation; and (vi) religion as scientific underpinning. This evokes an initiative for further studies on religion and innovation, and contributes to current understanding through providing a first-of-its kind literature review.

  • 92.
    Bojesson, Catarina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Improving project performance in product development2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of new products and processes is a crucial point of competition and due to the rapid technological development and strong international competition, companies are being forced to design better products faster and more efficiently. In the last two decades large companies in particular have developed increasingly sophisticated models, process descriptions, structures and routines for how to steer and manage their often large and complex projects. Processes in product development projects often contain many dependencies among both tasks and people, requiring coordination of activities and the opportunity to capture incomplete information that evolves over time. When attempting to increase project performance, a strong focus has been on the efficiency of the projects, on doing things right. As a result, both in industry and in research, effectiveness, doing the right things, has gained less importance than it probably should. For companies to really increase their performance, effectiveness must be considered to a much higher extent.

    The objective of the research presented in this thesis has been to increase the knowledge of how the performance of projects in a product development context can be improved. This involves investigating factors which affects performance on different levels of the projects such as the individual working on the project, the single project, the project organisation, the company, and the business context. Data have been collected through literature studies as well as a case study divided into two parts.

    The research results show that project organisations face the challenge of being able to have projects running efficiently according to plan while at the same time exploring and creating new knowledge. Formalised product development processes can support the progress of projects, but there is a risk that exploratory work and innovation could suffer. This is a challenge, especially in contexts characterised by uncertainty and complexity. Further, a number of areas which affect the project performance were identified, including the business context, process characteristics, project model, project characteristics, and project management. These findings have resulted in a proposed start of a framework for improving product development project performance in dynamic contexts.

  • 93.
    Bojesson, Catarina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploring tensions between creativity and control in product development projects2015Ingår i: DS 80-3 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15): VOL 3: ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT, 2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    To sustain organizational performance in dynamic contexts, organizations must be able to change through innovation while still continuing to perform in the short term. Central to successful innovation is to understand and manage tensions, paradoxes, contradictions, and dilemmas. This paper will present empirical data from a single case study discussed in relation to institutional theory in connection to organizational tensions and conflicts. Results show examples of a strong focus on proactive approaches with attempts to control and manage product development projects in a strict manner, even though the organization is acting in a context characterized by uncertainty with a need for creativity and a reactive approach. This shows a lacking understanding of what is required of the project process in this context and the tensions created between the strict process control and the dynamic environment. Conclusions point at the need for both creativity and control in the management of product development projects. However, there is a risk of strong institutions preventing organizations from recognizing the need for change.

  • 94.
    Bojesson, Catarina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Linking development efficiency, effectiveness, and process improvements2014Ingår i: Tools and Methods of Competitive Engineering 2014 TMCE 2014, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 95.
    Bojesson, Catarina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Strömberg, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rethinking effectiveness: Addressing managerial paradoxes by using a process perspective on effectiveness2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 96.
    Bousquet, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Additiv tillverkning i metall och topologioptimering2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet har utförts som en fallstudie på Scania CV som tillverkar lastbilar, bussar samt industri- och marinmotorer. Syftet med projektet var att undersöka hur topologioptimering kan användas för konstruktion av slutprodukter som ska tillverkas med additiv tillverkning (AM) i metall. Utifrån det togs tre frågeställningar fram som låg till grund för projektet. Huvudfrågeställningen var Hur kan topologioptimering användas vid konstruktion av artiklar för additiv tillverkning i metall? För att kunna svara på det krävdes mer kunskap om additiv tillverkning vilket ledde till följande två frågeställningar: Vilka produkter är lämpliga för additiv tillverkning i metall? samt Vilka faktorer behöver tas hänsyn till vid konstruktion för direkttillverkning av slutprodukter i metall med additiv tillverkning?

    De största fördelarna med additiv tillverkning som framkom i litteraturen var korta ledtider, möjlighet att tillverka komplexa geometrier och slå samman flera delar till en enda. Användningsområden för additiv tillverkning var allt från prototyper till serietillverkning samt tillverkning av verktyg och reservdelar.  De artiklar som är lämpliga att tillverka med AM är de som är dyra att tillverka traditionellt på grund av komplex geometri, dyra verktyg eller låga volymer. Men även artiklar som får ge avkall på funktion för att tillverkas eller har långa ledtider och höga lagerkostnader. Andra faktorer som är viktiga att tänka på är byggytans storlek för den maskin som ska användas samt vilken byggriktning som väljs, behovet av stödmaterial vid tillverkning och efterbearbetning av utskriven detalj.

    En fallstudie genomfördes baserat på Design for Additive Manufacturing som är en metod för att konstruera artiklar för AM. Metoden går ut på att bestämma vad komponenten ska ha för funktioner och prestanda, slå samman eventuella delkomponenter, optimera utformningen och sedan kontrollera att den är möjlig att tillverka. Under fallstudien undersöktes två fästen med topologioptimering och resultaten importerades till Catia för att skapa CAD-modeller. Resultatet påvisade att det är möjligt att skapa en automatisk CAD-modell i Catia utifrån resultatet från topologioptimeringen. Däremot blir resultatet inte tillräckligt bra för att i nuläget kunna använda den automatiska modellen för tillverkning av slutprodukter. Resultatet från fallstudien tyder dock på en viktminskningspotential runt 30 % även för redan lättviktsoptimerade artiklar anpassade för andra tillverkningstekniker vid anpassning till AM.

    Eftersom lastkapaciteten är en avgörande faktor för kundens val av fordon samt för att uppfylla gällande lagstiftning kring fordonets totalvikt och minska miljöpåverkan så är lättviktsoptimering av alla ingående komponenter ett viktigt utvecklingsområde. Därmed är även topologioptimering och AM intressant att undersöka vidare. För att AM i dagsläget ska vara lönsamt för tillverkning av slutprodukter rekommenderas i första hand små, geometriskt komplexa artiklar som är dyra att tillverka traditionellt på grund av exempelvis höga verktygs- eller bearbetningskostnader eller små volymer.

  • 97.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Choreographing creative processes for innovation2015Ingår i: Artistic Interventions in Organizations: Research, Theory and Practice, Routledge, 2015Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This book chapter describes some concepts and tools from contemporary dance and choreography that provide new insights about enabling innovation in organizations. A choreographic perspective of innovation process with four iterative stages (tuning-in, exploration, reflection and sharing) is presented as an alternative view to existing models in innovation management theory. It is shown how choreographic thinking about using body, space, time and composition was applied in an innovation process designed for a group of practitioners from different companies and public organizations. Positive effects and limitations of this approach are presented and questions for future research suggested.

  • 98.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Choreographing innovative practice in everyday work2018Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The thesis argues for a humanistic and democratic approach to innovation management that puts employees and their engagement in the center of organizational efforts for innovation. It proposes that a culture for innovation can be built by enabling all employees to develop their innovative practice as part of their everyday work and not as an extra activity on top of their existing responsibilities. The aim of this approach to innovation is to build more human-centered organizations that help employees improve their own motivation, creativity, well-being, and self-fulfillment at work. This presupposes that they need to be able to connect with their body, feelings, fantasy, intuition, and will, and to be able to innovate more from within, balancing external expectations from management and users with their own personal needs. Since there is a lack of discussing embodied aspects of knowledge and learning in connection to innovative competence in the current innovation management literature, knowledge and methods from contemporary dance and choreography are explored to support a more holistic approach to innovative competence development. Based on integrating research from both innovation management and contemporary dance fields, a model of innovative practice in everyday work is developed. The model suggests what kind of skills and activities can enable employees develop their personal innovative practice that is adjusted to their work context and their specific needs. It is proposed that as employees practice innovating in everyday work, they will slowly move from innovating incrementally towards developing the competence for more radical innovation. Different practical tools and exercises for enabling innovative competence development that were inspired by choreographic practices, and adjusted and tested in organizational context are described. Ideas around how contemporary dance and choreography can be used to design and implement long-term art-based interventions in organizations that can create value on strategic level are proposed.  The research approach used in the thesis is participatory action research done by several iterative cycles between practice and theory. Two empirical and two theoretical studies that were part of the research process are presented. The empirical studies were implemented in the Eskilstuna municipality and at the Art of Management and Organization conference. The theoretical studies were performed in the fields of innovative competence and contemporary dance and choreography. 

  • 99.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Integrated Model of Innovative Competence2017Ingår i: Journal of Creativity and Business Innovation, ISSN 2351-6186, Vol. 3, s. 140-169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual article contributes to understanding of individual innovative competence by providing a comprehensive view of the concept, integrating different theories from innovation management into one model and linking it to the theory from studies of competence, where Illeris (2013) competence model is taken as the base. The contribution of this article is to fill the gap in existing innovation management theory where most researchers focus only on specific dimensions of innovative competence. The proposed integrated model of innovative competence was developed based on a systematic literature review, using the ISI Web of Knowledge database for Social Science domain between 1980-2016, and different combinations of words “individual” and “innovation” with terms “competence”, “behavior”, “skill”, “attitude” and “trait”, as search words. It shows how individuals need to combine different knowledge, personality traits, functional and interactive skills to demonstrate innovative behavior in practice. There is a certain ambidexterity or two-sidedness in the elements of innovative competence that enables individual to move between exploration of opportunities and generation of ideas on one hand, and implementation and exploitation of ideas on the other. The model can be used in different ways, both in teaching and in organizations. Teachers can use it as a reflection tool to increase understanding of innovative competence among students, but also as the basis for developing practice-based curriculum for strengthening innovative competence among students. Organizations can use the model both as a support in recruiting innovative talent, assessing and developing innovation as a core competence among employees, and when forming innovative teams. 

  • 100.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. RISE SICS Västerås.
    Is this Choreography?: Choreographing conditions for innovative practice in everyday work2018Ingår i: Organisational Aesthetics, ISSN 2168-8575, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 24-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article introduces some of the concepts from experimental contemporary dance and choreography, such as “body and materiality”, the “method of practice”, and “undoing everydayness”, that have not been addressed much in the “dance and organization” theory. It expands the application of dance methods from the predominant field of leadership practice towards the innovation management and development of innovative competence of employees in organizations. The concept of “body and materiality” suggests that employees could focus more on engaging the body and materiality when innovating in order to balance the external drivers of innovation (such as market trends, user needs, and increase of shareholder value) with their own needs, desires and well-being, but also to make use of the vast possibilities of embodied knowledge that is often excluded from innovation processes. The “method of practice” proposes to give more attention to the process rather than just the performance or result of innovating, using methods, such as “doing less” to create more time to reflect, finding “meaningful questions” to innovate around, and using “improvisation” as a method to develop new ideas through the practice of spontaneous experimentation. It shifts the idea from using innovative competence to perform a desired effect through prescribed top-down innovation projects towards developing innovative practice through durational bottom-up exploration. “Undoing everydayness” hints that innovation can come closer to everyday work routines of all employees, by challenging existing norms and combining critical thinking with exploration of potentiality in everyday work. Concrete examples of activities through which these concepts were materialized in a choreographic intervention at the Art of Management conference 2016 are described and their potential to be applied in organizations discussed. 

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