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  • 51. CERNERUD, LARS
    Skolhälsovårdens roll i hälsofostran1987In: Allmän Medicin, ISSN 0281-3513, Vol. 8, no 2, p. 49-52Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 52. CERNERUD, LARS
    Skolläkaren och videovåldet1984In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 81, p. 795-795Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 53. CERNERUD, LARS
    Skolläkarens arbete i folkhälsoperspektiv1990In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 87, p. 1735-1736Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 54. CERNERUD, LARS
    Skolmiljö och allergi1987In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 84, p. 3371-3372Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 55.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences. FOLKHÄLSOVETENSKAP.
    Slutreplik: Vi är eniga om att fysisk aktivitet är hälsofrämjande2007In: LÄKARTIDNINGEN, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 104, no 14-15, p. 1164-1165Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 56. CERNERUD, LARS
    Svenska kyrkans tragiska kris2004In: Göteborgs PostenArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 57.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden .
    The Association between Height and some Structural Social Variables: A study of 10-year-old children in Stockholm during 40 years1993In: Annals of Human Biology, ISSN 0301-4460, Vol. 20, no 5, p. 469-476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The associations between height of 10-year old children and mother's age, family size, number of inhabitants per room and father's occupational level were investigated over a period of 40 years. The analyses were based on samples of 10-year-old Stockholm schoolchildren born in 1933, 1943, 1953 and 1963. Family size consistently associated with height. Father's occupational level showed a statistically significant association only for children growing up in the 1930s and 1940s, and the number of inhabitants per room only during the 1930s. Mother's age was significantly associated with height only in the cohort of children born in 1963, taller children having older mothers. The influence of the structural social factors taken together on height variation was lowest in the 1953 cohort; its magnitude in the 1963 cohort was the same as in the 1943 cohort. 

  • 58.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Karolinska Sjukh., Stockholm, Sweden .
    The Setting-Sun Eye Phenomenon in Infancy1975In: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, ISSN 0012-1622, Vol. 17, p. 447-455Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 59. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Ahlnäs, Annariikka
    Bergnäs, Ulla
    Skolhälsovårdens organisation i de nordiska länderna1991In: Nordisk Medicin, Vol. 106, no 3, p. 75-76Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 60.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Arneson, Hanna
    Kugelberg, susanna
    Paulsson, Gun
    Brodin, Håkan
    Cesares Olsson, Marie
    Ainestrand, Daniel
    FOLKHÄLSOVETENSKAP: arbetet med ämnets definition och innehåll2009In: Socialmedicinsk tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 86, no 1, p. 7-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 61. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Bråkenhielm, G.
    Vissa barn far illa i skolan1989In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 86, no 23, p. 2200-2200Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 62. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Cernerud, Gunilla
    Undersökning av synnedsättning hos 7 åriga skolbarn1979In: Hygiea, Vol. 88, p. 512-512Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 63.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden.
    Edding, Elisabeth
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden.
    The Value of Measuring Height and Weight of Schoolchildren1994In: Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology, ISSN 0269-5022, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 365-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The measurements of height and weight in the Stockholm school health service was appraised in relation to the screening value, the costs and benefits. The concept of a doubtful screening value of growth surveillances at school age was supported. Investment costs and running expenses were very low. The measurement procedure used only 2% of the total time spent by the nurses in the school health service. The growth data were an appropriate prerequisite for the reassurance of adolescents about their developing identity and body image. The growth data also constituted an appropriate indicator for public health research. The benefits and low costs may justify maintenance of the measurements in the school health service despite a low screening value.

  • 64.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden .
    Elfving, Jörn
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden .
    Social Inequality in Height: A comparison between 10-year-old helsinki and Stockholm Children1995In: Scandinavian Journal of Social medicine, ISSN 0300-8037, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 23-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The height of children may be used to indicate social inequality. The aim of this study was to analyze the difference in height of the socially more and less privileged 10-year-old Helsinki children in 1963 and 1991 and to compare the social gap to the corresponding gap in 1943, 1963 and 1991 in previous studies of Stockholm children. The difference in mean height of the Helsinki boys in 1963 was 4.5 cm (p<0.001) and for girls 4.4 cm (p<0.001). In Stockholm the corresponding differences in 1963 were negligible. Twenty years earlier (in 1943) it was 3.2 cm (p<0.001) in Stockholm. In 1991 the difference was 1.4 cm (p <0.05) for boys and 0.6 cm (n.s.) for girls in Helsinki, equivalent to the findings of the Stockholm children at the same time. The well-off Helsinki children already in 1963 were as tall as the Stockholm children. Thus, the decrease of the social gap in height from 1963 to 1991 in Helsinki seems to be mainly due to an increase in height of the socially less privileged children, exactly what was previously found for the Stockholm children between 1943 and 1963. Would the time for the equalization of height mirror the time for the development of the welfare stares in Finland and Sweden respectively?

  • 65. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Engman, Marie
    Wallin, Cecilia
    Dialog för kvalitetsutveckling: Studentinflytande i jönköping1998Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 66.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Margareta
    Karolinska Institute, St. Göran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jonsson, B.
    Karolinska Institute, St. Göran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Steneroth, G.
    Karolinska Institute, St. Göran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Zetterström, Rolf
    Karolinska Institute, St. Göran's Children's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Amphetamine addiction during pregnancy. 14 year follow-up of growth and school performance1996In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, Vol. 85, no 2, p. 204-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sixty-five children born to women who all abused amphetamine during pregnancy have been followed prospectively since their birth in 1976-77. At the age of 14-15 years, information about growth and school achievement was collected from school records. For comparison of school achievements the means of schoolmates were used, and for growth a group of Stockholm children born in the same year. By the age of 14 years only 14 children (22%) had stayed with their biological mothers for the whole period since birth. In the eighth grade, 10 (15%) were one grade lower than indicated by their biological age. The norm for Sweden is less than 5%. The means of the points in mathematics, Swedish language and sports were statistically below those of their classmates. At the age of 10 years the girls were significantly shorter and lighter than their peers born in 1976. At the age of 14 years the boys were statistically taller and heavier than their peers. It can be concluded that maternal amphetamine abuse during pregnancy will influence children at least up to the age of 14-15 years even though many of them have been living in foster homes since a young age.

  • 67. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    GARMÉN, ANNIKA
    Growth and Pubertal Progression in Female Ballet Students1984In: Idrottsmedicin, Vol. 4, p. 11-14Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 68. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    GARMÉN, ANNIKA
    The Accuracy of the Routine School Health Anthropometry1989In: Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica (Supplementum), ISSN 0300-8827, Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica, Vol. suppl 359, p. 6-10Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 69. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Garmén, Annika
    Tillväxt och utveckling hos kvinnliga dansarelever1984In: Hygiea, Vol. 93, p. 165-165Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 70. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    Stenström, Kerstin
    Tillgren, Per
    En modell för sex- och samlevnadskurser för skolpersonal1984In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 61, p. 250-256Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 71. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Karlsson, Margareta
    Tillgren, Per
    Samlevnadsundervisning i skolan1982In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 79, p. 4361-4361Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 72.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Keller, Christina
    Modeller för kvalitetsbedömning av högskoleutbildningar i folkhälsovetenskap2000In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 77, p. 122-125Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 73.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden .
    Lindgren, Gunilla
    Stockholm Institute of Education, Sweden .
    Secular Changes in Height and Weight of Stockholm Schoolchildren born in 1933, 1943, 1953 and 19631991In: Annals of Human Biology, ISSN 0301-4460, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 497-505Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Secular growth changes of Stockholm schoolchildren born in 1933, 1943, 1953 and 1963 were studied through samples of about 2500 children in each year. Heights and weights at the ages 7, 10 and 13 years were obtained from school health records stored in the Stockholm city archives. The increase in height and weight at these ages was more marked between the children born in 1933 and 1943 than later, except for the girls aged 7, who had no increase in height. The increase in height between the later samples was at age 7 years practically none, at age 10 years about 1 cm/decade and at age 13 years 1-2 cm/decade. The body mass index (BMI) indicated a continuous trend towards a slimmer body build for Stockholm schoolchildren at the age of 7 years. At the ages of 10 and 13 years the BMI remained fairly stable for the cohorts born from 1943 to 1963. 

  • 74.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    OLSSON, HENNY
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Humour seen from a public health perspective2004In: SCANDINAVIAN JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH, ISSN 1403-4948, Vol. 32, no 5, p. 396-398Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Humour is to be regarded as a salutogenic factor. As with other such factors there are reasons to believe that humour is a part of the individual's personality with the possibility of being strengthened by influences from the family, school, and workplace. The use of humour in population-based health promotive intervention strategies is a field lacking evidence-based knowledge.

  • 75. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Walsh, Zoe
    Edin, Lena
    Nytt läkemedel mot huvudlöss förkortar behandlingstiden väsentligt1985In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 82, p. 2866-2866Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 76. CERNERUD, LARS
    et al.
    Wramner, Bengt
    Kontaktytor mellan företagshälsovård och skolhälsovård1985In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 62, no 4, p. 155-158Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 77.
    Cernerud, Lars
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Wramner, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Samarbete med företagshälsovården kan förbättra skolans miljö2006In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 103, no 44, p. 3387-3388Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 78.
    CERNERUD, LARSD
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Goteborg, Sweden.
    Differences in Height between Socially more and less privileged 10 year old Stockholm Children born in 1933-19631992In: Scandinavian Journal of Social Medicine, ISSN 0300-8037, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 5-10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The change of the difference in height between two socially extreme groups of 10 year old Stockholm children born in 1933, 1943, 1953 and 1963 was analysed. Data on height and social conditions were taken from the school health records. The two groups were established on the basis of the father's occupation and the number of children in the family. The height of the 10 year old children in the more privileged group born in 1933, 1943 and 1953 was virtually unchanged, but the height in the less privileged group increased gradually. The difference between the two groups was levelled out in the 1953 cohort. However, it reappeared in the 1963 cohort, mainly as a result of increasing height in the more privileged group and fairly unchanged height in the less privileged group.

  • 79. Christina, Keller
    et al.
    LARS, CERNERUD
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: A comparative study in Sweden, Norway and lithuania2007In: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Theme: Research

    Authors:

    PhD Candidate, Christina Keller, MSc , Department of Informatics, Jönköping International Business School, PO Box 1026, SE-551 11 Jönköping, Sweden

    Associate Professor, Lars Cernerud, MD, MPH, PhD, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences, Mälardalen University, PO Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden

    Title: Acceptance of e-learning environments in public health education: a comparative study in Sweden, Norway and Lithuania

    Objectives: The objectives of the research study were to explore factors influencing acceptance of e-learning environments among academic staff and students in public health education.

    Introduction: A cross-cultural study was performed at public health departments at three European universities: in Sweden, Norway and Lithuania. At all three universities, e-learning environments were used in public health courses and programs to provide distance learning in a blended learning environment. Before and between lectures and seminars on campus, the e-learning environment was used for storage and retrieval of course material, group work and posting of assignments. The degrees of acceptance of the e-learning environment were estimated by performing interviews with academic staff and distributing a students’ survey questionnaire.

    Results: The findings of the study revealed substantial differences in degrees of acceptance between the universities. The lowest degree of acceptance was found at the Swedish university, due to an organizational culture depicting teaching face-to-face on campus as an indispensable part of public health education. The highest degree of acceptance were found at the Lithuanian university, where the e-learning environment was considered as a means of better communication with students and an important tool for collaboration with other educational institutions. At the Norwegian university, the acceptance of the e-learning environment initially was hampered by the notion of “academic freedom”, which was brought up as an excuse for academic staff to resist organizational change. However, the resistance gradually failed and the acceptance of the e-learning environment increased.

    Conclusions and discussion: The considerable differences between the three European universities could be explained by differences in organizational culture and national culture. At the two Scandinavian universities, there was skepticism of change inherent in the organizational culture. At the Lithuanian university, the organizational culture portrayed innovations to be something positive.

    Keywords: E-learning, Public Health Education, organisational culture, national culture

  • 80.
    Dellve, Lotta
    et al.
    Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hallberg, Lillemor
    Nordic School of Public Health, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Harmonizing dilemmas.: Siblings of Children with DAMP and Asperger Syndrome's Experiences of Coping with Their Life Situations2000In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 172-178Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this qualitative study was to describe, from their own perspective and experiences, how siblings of children with deficits in attention, motor control and perception (DAMP) and Asperger syndrome cope with their life situations in their families. Fifteen adolescent females 12–18 years old, siblings of boys with DAMP (8 subjects) and Asperger syndrome (7 subjects), were interviewed. The method used in sampling and analysis of interview protocols was the constant comparative method for grounded theory. The inductive categorization of data produced two core concepts, one about the siblings' life situations in DAMP and Asperger syndrome (‘dilemma of requirements and concerns’) and one about the siblings' coping processes (‘harmonizing’). Of the six categories identified, four were categories of the processes of coping (‘gaining understanding’, ‘gaining independence’, ‘following a bonding responsibility’ and ‘balancing’). The qualitative differences between coping processes were related to the two categories of context to cope within the experienced dilemma ‘requirements’ and ‘concerns’. The findings contribute to a deeper understanding of the siblings' life situations, and may be important for health personnel in encounter families and for identifying siblings with special needs. The findings may also aid in the development of preventive programs for siblings of children with DAMP and Asperger syndrome.

  • 81.
    Eriksson, Margareta
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, St Goran's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Karolinska Institute, St Goran's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johnson, Björn
    Karolinska Institute, St Goran's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Steneroth, Gun
    Karolinska Institute, St Goran's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Zetterström, Rolf
    Karolinska Institute, St Goran's Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Amphetamine abuse during pregnancy: Follow-up of children after 14 years1994In: Pediatric Research, no 36, p. 13-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sixtyfive children born to women who all used amphetamine during pregnancy have been followed prospectively since birth 1976-77. The children have been tested and examined regularly, demonstrating that social environmental factors influence the child's growth and somatic status while exposure for amphetamine during fetal life seem to influence the child's test results and behaviour up to the age of 8 years.

    After 14 years information was collected about school achievement, health, somatic growth and psycosocial environment. Only 20 children (30%) were still in the custody of their biological mothers. Ten children (15%) were one class below that for their biological age. Corresponding figure in Sweden is < 5 %. Grades in language, mathematics and sports were significantly lower than the mean of their schoolmates. The difference was most pronounced in boys. Weight and length were decreased in girls and increased in boys in comparison with Swedish school children born in the same year. Socioenvironmental risk factors correlated with poor outcome.

    Amphetamine abuse during pregnancy will influence the development of exposed children up to the age of 14 years.

  • 82.
    Folke, Mia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Brangefält, Lotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Cernerud, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Framja fysisk aktivitet med LACTA och motiverande samtal2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 83.
    Folke, Mia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Brangefält, Lotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    PROMOTING PHYSICAL ACTIVITY OF NON-REGULARLY ACTIVE PERSONS: the use of workload at lactate threshold and motivating interviewing2010In: 3 rd International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 84.
    FOLKE, MIA
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Individual levels for physical activity: a new non-invasive lactate threshold measurement2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 85.
    Keller, Christina
    et al.
    Jönköping International Business School, Sweden.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Students’ Perceptions of E‐learning in University Education2002In: Journal of Educational Media, ISSN 1358-1651, Vol. 27, no 1-2, p. 55-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines students’ perceptions of e‐learning taking students at Jönköping University in Sweden as an example. The students had experiences from two years of e‐learning on campus. Students (n = 150) filled in a questionnaire with closed as well as open‐ended questions. The answers were analysed in a multiple regression analysis, putting the students’ perceptions in relation to gender, age, previous knowledge of computers, attitudes to new technology, learning styles and the way of implementing e‐learning at the university. Advantages and disadvantages of e‐leaming were categorized in a qualitative content analysis. The main conclusion from the study was that the strategy of implementing the e‐leaming system at the university was more important in influencing students’ perceptions than the individual background variables. Students did not regard access to e‐learning on campus as a benefit. Male students, students with previous knowledge of computers and students with positive attitudes to new technologies were all less positive to e‐leaming on campus than other students.

  • 86.
    LARS, CERNERUD
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Salutogenic Effects of Music2007In: XXXIX ASPHER Annual Conference in Valencia 2007, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Category: Research

    Subject: Health promotion: Essential dimensions, services and educational needs

    Author: Lars Cernerud, MD, MPH, PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences, Mälardalen University, PO Box 883, SE-721 23 Västerås, Sweden

    Title: Salutogenic effects of music

    Objective: The objective was to explore salutogenic effects of singing in choir.

    Introduction: There is evidence for endocrinological, neurological, physiological, psychological and sociological influence of music on human health. Music used in medical therapy is proportionately well described and established. However, the salutogenic effects of music on human well being need scrutiny. Listening to music, practicing music and creating music are means by which music may act salutogenic. Practisers may sing or use instruments alone (as soloists) or in group (choir or orchestra). In the present study members of church choirs were asked about self perceived benefits and disadvantages for health by singing in choir.

    Results: There was a strong agreement about the enhancing effects on well being among the choir singers. Joy, stimulation, concentration and relaxation were common experiences. The choir was also denoted as a retreat for feelings, creative work and social community. The church choir members also highlighted some negative (non-salutogenic) aspects of singing in choir, which are worthwhile to go deeper into for analysis and discussion.

    Discussion and Conclusion: In this study the psychological and sociological aspects of practising music in group were obvious. Actually the answers might also have been received from i.e. members of the church sewing association. However, the members of the church choirs have one thing in common, the love of singing church music together and the feelings evoked by it. This makes them stick together and experience salutogenic feelings. There are examples of nations under occupation where a strong culture of singing in choir helps citizens to stand the hardship and survive mentally.

    Keywords: Salutogenic factors, Music, Singing, Choir

  • 87.
    LARS, CERNERUD
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Folke, Mia
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Så kan idrottsämnet i skolan bidra till ökad fysisk aktivitet2007In: LÄKARTIDNINGEN, Vol. 104, no 42, p. 3125-3126Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 88.
    Lindgren, Gunilla
    et al.
    Stockholm Institute of Education, Sweden.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Physical Growth and Socioeconomic Background of Stockholm Schoolchildren born in 1933-631992In: Annals of Human Biology, ISSN 0301-4460, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 1-16Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Height, weight and body mass index (BMI) at aged 7, 10 and 13 years for samples of Stockholm schoolchildren born in 1933, 1943, 1953 and 1963 were analysed in relation to their socioeconomic background. In height there were significant socioeconomic differences for boys and girls born in 1933 and 1943 at the ages of 7 and 10 years; children from the lowest socioeconomic group were smaller. For the cohort born in 1953 there were, however, no socioeconomic differences in height - either for boys or for girls. For children born in 1963, socioeconomic differences in height appeared again, but mainly for the boys; boys in the lowest socioeconomic group were smaller. Significant weight differences between socioeconomic groups were for the boys found only in cohorts born in 1943 and in 1963 and for the girls born in 1933, 1943 and 1953. Socioeconomic differences in BMI were found for boys born in 1943, when the middle socioeconomic group had the lowest index, and for boys born in 1963 when the highest socioeconomic group had the highest index. For girls socioeconomic differences in BMI were only found for girls born in 1953 when the lowest group had the highest BMI. The main conclusions from the study were: socioeconomic differences in height formerly present in Stockholm schoolchildren born in 1933 and 1943 were levelled out for the children born in 1953, but reappeared again for children born in 1963 - mainly for the boys; these socioeconomic height differences for the 1963 cohort were of about the same magnitudes as those for the cohort born in 1943 during the Second World War. The influence of socioeconomic background on the BMI of Stockholm schoolchildren born 1933-63 was not so marked.

  • 89.
    Norberg, Kristina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Piercing - ett medicinskt tillsynsproblem2002In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, E-ISSN 1652-7518, Vol. 99, no 42, p. 4150-4151Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 90.
    Närhinen, Maria
    et al.
    Mikkeli Joint Municipal Board for Public Health, Finland .
    CERNERUD, LARS
    The Nordic School of Public Health, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Salt and Public Health - Policies for Dietary salt in the Nordic Countries1995In: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care, ISSN 0281-3432, Vol. 13, no 4, p. 300-306Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective - To review current knowledge about excess dietary salt as a risk factor for diseases and to compare and discuss the national policies for dietary salt in the Nordic countries. Design - Literature review, questionnaire and interviews. Nordic comparative study. Setting - the Medline bibliographic system and authorities responsible for the national nutritional policies in the Nordic countries. Subjects - Scientific articles published since 1988 concerning the impact of excess dietary salt on health and key persons with responsibilities for the formulation of national recommendations about dietary salt in each of the five Nordic countries. Main outcome measures - Articles dealing with (i) epidemiological observations, (ii) sensitive groups, (iii) underlying biological mechanisms concerning the contents of the latest national recommendations and the wording of legislation and decrees about salt in food-stuffs in the Nordic countries. Results - the impact of excess dietary salt on health mainly concerns hypertension, gastric cancer, osteoporosis and bronchial hyperreactivity. the national policy for dietary salt in Finland differs from the other Nordic countries. in Finland salt is a food additive and a variety of special regulations exist. Finland has chosen a more active way to achieve the existing Nordic recommendation of 5 g salt per day. the daily intake is about 10 g per day in all the Nordic countries. Conclusions - There is need for further epidemiological studies of the relationship between excess dietary salt and gastric cancer, osteoporosis, and bronchial hyperreactivity. the knowledge of the relationship between dietary salt and raised blood pressure is sufficient to put force behind the implementation of existing Nordic recommendations.

  • 91.
    Närhinen, Maria
    et al.
    Mikkeli Jt. Munic. Bd. Pub. Hlth, Finland.
    Nissinen, A.
    University of Kuopio, Finland.
    Penttilä, P.L
    National Food Administration, Finland.
    Simonen, O.
    Dept. for Prevention and Promotion, Min. of Social Affairs and Health.
    CERNERUD, LARS
    Univ. College of Health Sciences, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Puska, P.
    National Public Health Institute, Mannerheimintie, Finland.
    Salt content labelling of Foods in Supermarkets in Finland1998In: Agriculture and Food Science in Finland, ISSN 1239-0992, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 447-453Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to assess the extent to which lightly salted food products are included in the assortments of Finnish supermarkets and prominently placed on shelves. The study was carried out in eastern Finland in four supermarkets of different food chains. Six food groups of importance for people's salt intake were considered. The food labels of 689 packaged food products were checked forsalt and sodium information on the basis of Finnish regulations on salt. Products with reduced salt contents were found in most food groups but not among whole-meat or ready-to-eat foods. Half of the products with reduced amounts of salt were labelled "lightly salted". All four supermarkets had a similar assortment of lightly salted products. From the public health point of view, the food industry should increase the supply of lightly salted products, and make a special effort to develop lightly salted ready-to-eat foods.

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