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  • 51.
    Hagström, Tom
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Göransson, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sustainable competence: Reproduction and innovation in a bank2010In: Business sustainability I. Management, technology and learning from individuals organisations and society in turbulent environment, School of Engineering – University of Minho, Guimarães, Portugal , 2010Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Decentralization and company cultures has emerged to master increasing external flexibility, as in a competitive bank in Sweden., raising issues of the sustainability in terms of competence and competence development.. Purpose The aim is to study how the staff members in a bank perceive a company culture and how this perception is related to background aspects (gender, age, etc.), and engagement in regular regulating activities decided by the company. Design and methodology A “abductive” approach inspired by action-, adult developmental-, complexity- and “holon” theory comprise a frame of reference applied on a multi methodological case study in progress , within which a survey distributed in the whole bank in Sweden has been analyzed in terms mainly of a multiple linear regression analyze.. Findings Results indicate strong integration in the company culture related to active engagements in regular and regulating activities. The regression analysis clearly indicates that the cultural integration is more influenced by those activities than by individual background variables. However, results also show more critical attitudes towards the culture. This may reflect both an individual developmental aspect and a generational aspect. Research limitations. Results are only one of many necessary contributions to a deeper multi methodological ongoing approach Originality. The approach combine different lines of reasoning and data providing both a broad an in depth elucidation of the issues studied.

  • 52.
    Hagström, Tom
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Göransson, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sustainable competence: Reproduction and innovation in a bank2009In: The Learning Organization, Vol. 16, no 3, p. 237-250Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Decentralization and company cultures have emerged to master increasing external flexibility, as in a competitive bank in Sweden, raising issues of the sustainability in terms of competence and competence development. The purpose of this paper is to study how the staff members in a bank perceive a company culture and how this perception is related to background aspects (gender, age, etc.), and engagement in regular regulating activities decided by the company. Design/methodology/approach: An "abductive" approach inspired by action-, adult developmental-, complexity- and "holon" theory comprise a frame of reference applied on a multi-methodological case study in progress, within which a survey distributed in the whole bank in Sweden has been analyzed in terms mainly of a multiple linear regression analysis. Findings: Results indicate strong integration in the company culture related to active engagements in regular and regulating activities. The regression analysis clearly indicates that the cultural integration is more influenced by those activities than by individual background variables. However, results also show more critical attitudes towards the culture. This may reflect both an individual developmental aspect and a generational aspect. Research limitations/implications: Results are only one of many necessary contributions to a deeper multi-methodological ongoing approach. Originality/value: The approach combines different lines of reasoning and data providing both a broad an in-depth elucidation of the issues studied.

  • 53.
    Hagström, Tom
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Göransson, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hållbarhet i belysning av företagskultur, decentralisering och handlingskompetens. En presentation och diskussion av en pågående fallstudie2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 54.
    Hazy, James K
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Essential reins for guiding complex organizations2014In: Millennial Spring:  Designing the Future of Organizations / [ed] M. Grace and G. B. Graen, Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2014Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 55.
    Hazy, James K.
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Adelphi University, United States .
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Human interaction dynamics (HID): Foundations, definitions and directions2013In: Emergence: Complexity and Organization, ISSN 1521-3250, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 91-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes an analytical framework for a complexity-informed theoretical approach to human interaction and organizations. In doing so, it addresses the increasing call for better theory supporting the microfoundations of social science. A key premise of the argument is that the primary imperatives of social actors are confronting uncertainty and adapting to change as a collective. As such, in addition to seeking requisite resources, human beings interact to gather and use information for their individual and collective benefit. The paper explores this perspective by proposing a complex systems model of organizing that differs from systems theory by placing the actors inside the system rather than assuming they act on the system. We propose a definition of information that enables us to explore the dynamics of human interaction as observers from the outside without necessarily knowing what the information means. This approach is analogous to how physical and biological systems are studied and is intended to complement, rather than replace existing approaches that tend to place their emphasis on inter-subjectivity and meaning-making rather than on the objective measurement of information as a physically measurable quantity

  • 56.
    Johansson, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Döös, Marianne
    Stockholm University, Department of Education .
    Visualizations of relatonics as a management tool to facilitate workplace innovation? – A case study in a Swedish municipality2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 57.
    Johansson, Peter E
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Döös, Marianne
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet, Sweden.
    Visualisations of Relatonics: A Tool to Support Change in the Organising of Work?2014In: Impact of Emerging Digital Technologies on Leadership in Global Business / [ed] Smith, P. & Cockburn, T., IGI Global, 2014, p. 166-182Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is based on theorising and analysis from an ongoing research and development project exploring the use of visualisations in task-based development, specifically the potential of new types of organisational images that may support understanding about work-integrated learning. Thus, the aim of the chapter is to explore the possibilities of visualising work-integrated competence networks—here referred to as relatonics—and contribute to the understanding of how such visualisations can support efforts of organising change when organisational boundary-crossing cooperation is needed for a significant task. A conclusion is that images representing relatonic can be utilised to identify areas with a developmental need and, in this way, are a resource to make more knowledgeable interventions and enable a relatonic to emerge in certain directions.

  • 58.
    Johansson, Peter E.
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    Research Institute of Sweden, Västerås, Sweden.
    Let us measure, then what?: Exploring purposeful use of innovation management self-assessments.2019In: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 36, no 10, p. 1734-1749Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding regarding how managers attempt to make purposeful use of innovation management self-assessments (IMSA) and performance information (PI).

    Design/methodology/approach

    An interpretative perspective on purposeful use is used as an analytical framework, and the paper is based on empirical material from two research projects exploring the use of IMSA and PI in three case companies. Based on the empirical data, consisting of interviews and observations of workshops and project meetings, qualitative content analysis has been conducted.

    Findings

    The findings of this paper indicate that how managers achieve a purposeful use of PI is related to their approach toward how to use the specific PI at hand, and two basic approaches are analytically separated: a rule-based approach and a reflective approach. Consequently, whether or not the right thing is being measured also becomes a question of how the PI is actually being interpreted and used. Thus, the extensive focus on what to measure and how to measure it becomes edgeless unless equal attention is given to how managers are able to use the PI to make knowledgeable decisions regarding what actions to take to achieve the desired changes.

    Practical implications

    Given the results, it comes with a managerial responsibility to make sure that all managers who are supposed to be engaged in using the PI are given roles in the self-assessments that are aligned with the level of knowledge they possess, or can access.

    Originality/value

    How managers purposefully use PI is a key to understand the potential impact of self-assessments.

  • 59.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Mikael
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Interview Supported Innovation Audit: how does a complementary interview affect the understanding of an innovation audits results when the interview is based on the audit statements2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    SMEs tend to lack the ability of sustainable development through cost-effective and repeated innovation. One way to find out a current innovation state is to run a self-assessment innovation audit, which are well used but got critics to not show reliable results The authors formed research question: How might a complementary interview affect the understanding of the result of the innovation audit when the interview is based on the same statements used in the audit? The study was conducted at two Swedish SMEs with a mix of management and personnel. 21 respondents at both companies answered 840 audit-statements and equal amount of interview questions rephrased from a “how-perspective”. 4 audit-statements were left blank and 103 interview questions were answered, “I don't know”. A great differ in the understanding appeared and the conclusion was that a selfassessment innovation audit might not show reliable results conducted without a complementing interview.

  • 60.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Assessment competence and its importance for IMA-tool use2017In: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 61.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innovative leadership - supporting creative team interaction2012In: 2012 International Symposium on Management of Technology, ISMOT 2012, 2012, p. 378-381Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creativity-stimulating leadership is necessary for successful innovation in groups and organizations. Such leadership requires deep and extensive knowledge and expertise in the field of creation, as well as general and specific leadership abilities and skills that promote creativity in a team. By applying the emergence perspective, social dynamics in leadership and in the creative team may be understood as the interplay between team members' interaction that organizes the work. This paper argues that the essential competencies for the team emerge in the interaction between all the members of the team, including the leader. Creative developmental phases demand other kinds of attitudes and qualities of interaction between group members than production on a daily basis. Team members need to develop creative thought styles and creative action patterns, combined with the ability to temporarily change those patterns.

  • 62.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Simon, Judit
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Emergent leadership of creative groups.2010In: Creativity and leadership in science, technology and innovation, Goteborg, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a win-win situation when an organization is able to take advantages of employee´s creativity. We argue that creative developmental phases demands other kinds of patterns than production on daily basis, with maintained quality and efficiency. Thus collaborators need to develop creative thought styles and creative action patterns, combined with the ability to temporary change these patterns. For actualization of these new patterns we emphasize two essential supporting conditions: 1) the balance between autonomy and integration, 2) the capacity to deal with spontaneity. First, leaders has to assure that appropriate conditions for a balance between autonomy and integration in the group is established, so that each individuals' initiative relates appropriate to the mutuallly created group idea. The second essential condition for group creativity to be materialized is that collaborators' spontaneous responses has to be encouraged as well as their trust in the groups' capacity to deal with these responses constructively. In order to reach a comprehensive view on these complex phenomena we utilize an emergence based perspective in our research. This perspective focus on the interaction between two levels, i.e. the emerging higher level and the lower component level. Through the emergence perspective social dynamics in leadership and in the creative group may be understood as the interplay between group members interaction, i.e. low level, and emergent common patterns of ideas, actions and relationships, i.e. higher level, that organizes the work.

  • 63.
    Lindhult, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Complexity and democracy as points of departure in Total Innovation Management2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 64.
    Lindhult, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Moving towards Total Innovation Management2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 65.
    Moström Åberg, Marie
    et al.
    University of Dalarna.
    Åteg, Mattias
    University of Dalarna.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Attractors for communication?2010In: Society for chaos in psychology and life sciences interantional conference., 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 66.
    Schaeffer, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Presencing and Downloading: in Photo-supported Group Discussions on Innovation2017In: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The overall research focus in the study is how photographs can be used in workplace innovation processes. This work-in-progress paper discusses photo-supported group discussions on innovation as an approach to incorporate employees in the development of a radically innovative culture. The method involves managers and engineers in a process that transforms their conceptions of innovation into visuals and words, and provides a possibility for collective reflection based on these formulations. Enabling all employees to use their experiences and knowledge in workplace innovation is an opportunity being pursued in Sweden. The paper is a starting point to discuss whether or not the method of photo supported discussion on innovation could be helpful to support a shift to a radically innovative culture. The concepts of downloading or presencing are introduced to analyse the method.

  • 67.
    Sjödin, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Nygren, Christer
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Visitor involvement and extensive networking2009In: Organising work for innovation and growth: Experiences and efforts in ten companies / [ed] Marianne Döös och Lena Wilhelmson, Stockholm: Vinnova , 2009Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 68.
    Wilhelmsson, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet, Sweden.
    Åberg, Marie
    Högskolan i Dalarna, Sweden.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Enabling Transformative Learning in the Workplace: An Educative Research Intervention2015In: Journal of Transformative Education, ISSN 1541-3446, E-ISSN 1552-7840, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 219-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss the potential of an educative research intervention to influence the quality of the learning outcome in theworkplace as interpreted from the perspectives of adult learning theory. The research project was designed as a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. In this article, quantitative survey data were taken as the point of departure, and qualitative data were used for the purpose of analyzing aspects of learning. An educative research intervention may support a transformative learning quality when the manager and employees have to deal with severe difficulties, and they succeed in doing so by sharing responsibilities and having the strength to engage in thedevelopment process in the workplace. It is possible to support transformative learning in the workplace through an educative research intervention that encourages managers to educate themselves and their employees to think and act in new ways, aiming at integrated autonomy, increased interaction, and learning.

  • 69.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Åberg, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Önnered, Loe
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tasks in the generative leadership; creating conditions for autonomy and integration2009In: The 6th International Conference on Researching Work and Learning, Roskilde, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
12 51 - 69 of 69
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