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  • 501.
    Ufua, Daniel E.
    et al.
    Covenant Univ, Dept Business Management, Coll Business & Social Sci, Idiroko Rd, Ota, Ogun State, Nigeria..
    Papadopoulos, Thanos
    Univ Kent, Kent Business Sch, Chatham ME4 4TE, Kent, England..
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Univ Hull, Ctr Syst Studies, Sch Business, Cottingham Rd, Kingston Upon Hull HU6 7RX, N Humberside, England.;Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Box 325, S-63105 Eskilstuna, Sweden.;Victoria Univ Wellington, Victoria Business Sch, POB 600, Wellington 6140, New Zealand.;Univ Canterbury, Sch Polit & Social Sci, Private Bag 4800, Christchurch 8140, New Zealand.;Univ Queensland, Sch Agr & Food Sci, Brisbane, Qld 4072, Australia..
    Systemic Lean Intervention: Enhancing Lean with Community Operational Research2018Ingår i: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 268, nr 3, s. 1134-1148Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores how theory and methodology from Community Operational Research (Community OR) can enhance Lean initiatives. We are driven by the paucity of the literature discussing the involvement of non-obvious stakeholders, particularly local communities, in the adoption of Lean. We present a project undertaken with a food production company in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria, where we employed a Systemic Intervention methodology to integrate theory and methods from Community OR with those from Lean. Based on this example, we argue that the inclusion of community representatives is necessary if Lean waste-reduction initiatives are to benefit both organizations and their local communities. Our only proviso is that, in the spirit of Community OR, the involvement of community representatives must be meaningful, so change is agreed through stakeholder engagements that respect their inputs and framings, and do not result in organizations imposing unwanted 'solutions' on communities. The paper ends with some reflections on the added value that Community OR can offer Lean practitioners. 

  • 502.
    Uggla, Karolina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Visualization of Production Planning2019Ingår i: Information Visualization: Biomedical Visualization and Geometric Modelling & Imaging, 2019, s. 312-317Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design of production planning tools is primarily based on conventions which can be found in research on visual perception and how data is traditionally represented. Standardized forms have become everyday tools and are an essential part of our visual culture. In the first part of the 20th century, the Gantt chart was introduced and was primarily used for charting workplace efficiency. It has been used in various forms ever since, in parallel with other Stage-Gate models. Visual management has been developed in companies that work with lean production systems. For governance and control of daily activities, a so-called lean board is used, which consists of a white board. In this paper we discuss how—despite rapid technological development and digitalization in many fields—our perceptions, visual representations, and organization of time seem to remain rooted in the past.

  • 503.
    Vafadarnikjoo, A.
    et al.
    Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran .
    Mobin, M.
    Western New England University, MA, United States .
    Allahi, S.
    Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran .
    Rastegari, Ali
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    A hybrid approach of intuitionistic fuzzy set theory and dematel method to prioritize selection Criteria of bank branches locations2015Ingår i: International Annual Conference of the American Society for Engineering Management 2015, ASEM 2015, 2015, s. 595-604Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Optimally locating new bank branches is a strategic decision in banking industry in order to stay competitive. The importance of this issue is primarily due to the fact that locating branches in appropriate sites is one of the main factors in absorbing and satisfying bank customers. This results in a core benefit for banks, particularly in a vibrant competition. In addition, without a set of well-chosen selection criteria and their prominence, the goal of locating suitable sites for bank branches would not be efficiently achieved. In this research, six most widely used criteria for bank branch location consideration are obtained from the literature review. These criteria include demographic attributes, access to public facilities, transportation, competition, cost and flexibility. In order to prioritize these criteria, an integrated methodology of the intuitionistic fuzzy set theory as well as Decision Making Trial and Evaluation Laboratory Model (DEMATEL) technique (i.e. IFDEMATEL) are utilized. The DEMATEL technique considers interrelationships between criteria. Furthermore, the intuitionistic fuzzy set theory, which has some advantages over fuzzy set theory, to include the vagueness and imprecision of subjective judgments of specialists is applied. As a case study, a well-known Iranian public bank in the city of Rasht, Iran is considered. Consequently, the obtained ranks from the integrated method provide useful information for bank managers in determining efficient locations of their new branches.

  • 504.
    Velez-Castiblanco, Jorge
    et al.
    Univ EAFIT, Medellin, Colombia.
    Brocklesby, John
    Victoria Univ Wellington,Wellington, New Zealand.
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Victoria Univ Wellington,Wellington, New Zealand; Univ Hull, UK; Univ Canterbury, Zew Zealand; Univ Queensland, Brisbane, Australia .
    Boundary games: How teams of OR practitioners explore the boundaries of intervention2016Ingår i: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 249, nr 3, s. 968-982Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An operational research (OR) practitioner designing an intervention needs to engage in a practical process for choosing methods and implementing them. When a team of OR practitioners does this, and/or clients and stakeholders are involved, the social dynamics of designing the approach can be complex. So far, hardly any theory has been provided to support our understanding of these social dynamics. To this end, our paper offers a theory of 'boundary games'. It is proposed that decision making on the configuration of the OR approach is shaped by communications concerning boundary judgements. These communications involve the OR practitioners in the team (and other participants, when relevant) 'setting', 'following', 'enhancing', 'wandering outside', 'challenging' and 'probing' boundaries concerning the nature of the context and the methods to be used. Empirical vignettes are provided of a project where three OR practitioners with different forms of methodological expertise collaborated on an intervention to support a Regional Council in New Zealand. In deciding how to approach a problem structuring workshop where the Regional Council employees would be participants, the OR team had to negotiate their methodological boundaries in some detail. The paper demonstrates that the theory of boundary games helps to analyse and describe the shifts in thinking that take place in this kind of team decision making. A number of implications for OR practitioners are discussed, including how this theory can contribute to reflective practice and improve awareness of what is happening during communications with OR colleagues, clients and participants. 

  • 505.
    Vemula, Bhanoday Reddy
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Evaluation of robot structures: For applications that require high performance, safety and low energy consumption2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Emerging application areas, such as safe robotics and green robotics, greatly enable the extension of robot automation to new application processes in different industry segments. Successful realization of industrial robots for such application areas is highly influenced by the type of robot structure that is adopted for the design. Therefore, researchers have recently pursued new robot structures with improved characteristics resulting in the current availability of a wide variety of potential robot structures from which to choose.

    Along with this, a difficult yet relevant challenge arises for robot designers to evaluate all the potential robot structures to select the best structure for new applications. This necessitates a need for tools or methods, which can aid robot designers or end-users to perform evaluation on robot structures in the early design stages. The research objective pursued in this thesis aims to address this need. To realize this objective, design knowledge must be advanced on ways or methods to quantitatively evaluate robot structures.

    This project adopts research through design as a research methodology, which is based on the action-reflection approach. In this thesis, experiential knowledge is gained on how to evaluate a set of two robot structures based on various requirements. This is done by carrying out simulation-based evaluation tasks on serial and parallelogram linkage articulated robot structures. Based on the acquired experiential knowledge, a simulation-based evaluation framework is proposed in this thesis, which can be used by robot designers or end-users to enhance the likelihood of selecting the most suitable robot structure for a new application process.

  • 506.
    Vemula, Bhanoday Reddy
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Spampinato, Giacomo
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Brogardh, Torgny
    ABB Robotics, Sweden.
    A methodology for comparing the dynamic efficiency of different kinematic robot structures2015Ingår i: 2015 IEEE International Conference on Mechatronics and Automation, ICMA 2015, 2015, s. 1822-1827Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study proposes a methodology for comparing the dynamic effectiveness of two different kinematic structures based on actuator torque requirement criteria. The objective of this comparison is to find out what type of robot structure is best suited as a lightweight industrial robot in the conceptual design phase. As a proof of concept this method is applied to compare Serial and Parallelogram linkage anthropomorphic kinematic structures with respect to torque requirements. Several directions for future research are discussed to include additional comparison criteria and also to extend the application of the proposed method to compare two versions of same structure in the design phase of light weight industrial robots.

  • 507.
    Vemula, Bhanoday Reddy
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Spampinato, Giacomo
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Brogårdh, T.
    ABB Robotics, Västerås, Sweden.
    Feng, X.
    ABB CRC, Västerås, Sweden .
    Stiffness based global indices for structural evaluation of anthropomorphic manipulators2014Ingår i: Joint 45th International Symposium on Robotics, ISR 2014 and 8th German Conference on Robotics, ROBOTIK 2014, 2014, s. 708-715Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Knowledge based on experience and rules of thumb is often used during the concept selection phase of robot design since it could be extremely time consuming to perform the complete robot design process on all the possible structural alternatives. This article proposes an efficient procedure to perform structural evaluation of anthropomorphic manipulators with and without parallel transmission linkages for applicability in new generations of light weight and cost effective industrial robots. In this study the structural evaluation is performed based on the static elasticity behaviour of the two manipulator structures with emphasis on improving the structural rigidity without jeopardizing the control characteristics with respect to static deflection and natural frequencies.

  • 508.
    Verganti, Roberto
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Öberg, Åsa
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Interpreting and Envisioning - A Hermeneutic Framework to look at Radical Innovation of Meanings2013Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 86-95Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The recent success of companies that compete through design has raised an interest on how to innovate the customer experience of a product or service. Even in industrial markets firms are increasingly moving beyond the improvement of functional performance, to address a deeper redefinition of the reason why their clients buy and use a product, what we call a ”radical innovation of product meanings”. Whereas there is a wide body of literature about technological innovation, we still lack robust theoretical frameworks that explain how companies can successfully propose new experiences and new interpretations of what a product is meant for. The purpose of this article is to stimulate and support the development of studies on radical innovation of meaning by providing a new theoretical lens. We propose hermeneutics as a valubale perspective to investigate the radical innovation of product meanings. Differently than classic innovation theories, where innovation tend to be considered either as a process of problem solving or as a process of ideation, hermeneutics provides a framework to look at innovation as a process of interpreting (of developing meaningful scenarios rather than finding an optimal solution) and envisioning (of imagining experiences that are still not asked for, rather than answering to existing needs). We illustrate that, in this process, external networks have a central role as they feed a continuous debate about what is or is not meaningful. Hermeneutics, therefore, is useful to shed light on how external players may significantly affect the way a firm reframe its interpretation of the competitive context and give meaning to things. The article is conceptual in nature, since it aims at providing a theoretical platform which other scholars may build on: the purpose is to provide an indication of a possible direction to spur a cumulative process of knowledge development, rather than a conclusion. Yet, we support our arguments for the use of hermeneutics in exploring the radical innovation of meaning with examples and cases from our preliminary analyses, mostly in the fields of robotics and healthcare.

  • 509.
    Vestin, A.
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jönköping University.
    Löfving, M.
    Träcentrum Nässjö Kompetensutveckling AB, Nässjö.
    On the way to a smart factory for single-family wooden house builders in Sweden2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, s. 459-470Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To remain competitive, single-family wooden house builders might create smart wooden house factories. Smart factories and smart production are recent concepts used to denote ideas that support competitiveness in for example the automotive industry. In the housing sector, a concept introduced to increase competitiveness is industrialized house-building. The aim of the study presented here was to investigate whether industrialized house-building characteristics could be a step toward a smart factory for wooden house builders. In this paper, ideas of the smart wooden house factory are synthesized, and challenges for the single-family wooden house builder are identified. The study is founded on empirical data from one single-case study. A challenge identified was the maturity level of the culture and organization to commit to and utilize modern technology and modern working methods. The concept of the smart wooden house factory is still in its infancy and needs further research.

  • 510.
    Wahlström, Bengt
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Q&A. What Can Action Research Learn from Business Environment Analysis?2019Ingår i: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 9, nr 5, s. 74-80Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 511.
    Wennerström, Joakim
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Karlsson, Stefan
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Undersökning av tillgänglighet och förebyggande underhåll i industriprocess2014Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish aluminum producer Kubikenborg aluminum AB has during its production had interference on a machine which function is to squeeze out 4 pieces of sleeves from a hanger with a total of 4 pieces of legislation with a cap on each pin. Problems have resulted in stoppages for the company, which is both expensive and time consuming. Our work has therefore been focused at looking for the causes of this decline. During the first period of the thesis we focused on the measurements of the reliability on the machine, to get an idea of the number of non-response. The later part of the thesis work, has been focused on identifying the various causes of problems, that has resulted in the disruptions in the production.

  • 512.
    Westöö, Malin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Designkoncept i kontorsmiljö: Rumslig gestltning med berättarteknik i fokus2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete är en studie i hur det är möjligt att tillämpa teorier inom storytelling i en rumslig miljö för att kommunicera ett företags kultur. Företag och organisationer kan vara skeptiska kring corporate storytelling, då begreppet ofta används utifrån syfte att sälja en produkt eller ett varumärke.

    I detta examensarbete diskuteras huvudsakligen hur ett företag eller organisation kan förmedla ett budskap i en rumslig miljö. Arbetet utforskar hur det är möjligt att berätta om kulturen på ett företag genom rumsliga element som samtidigt stödjer arbetsmiljön. Som en utgångspunkt för att förstå den kultur som finns inom ett företag har en fallstudie gjorts på ett existerande företag, ABB, där fokusgrupp, intervju och platsanalys använts som metoder. Med vetenskaplig litteratur och resultat av metoder har ett designkoncept skapats. Hur trenderna ser ut kring arkitektur och inredning på olika arbetsplatser har utforskats i arbetet.

    Berättelser som bygger på meningsproduktion och berättaraktivitet har blivit nya begrepp som appliceras inom berättarteknik, här finns en potential i att använda rummet som budbärare för berättelser. Med metoder och teorier som lyfter fram berättandet genom rummet och användare så har ett designkoncept i rumslig miljö utformats. Förslaget presenterar ett koncept för hur rummet kan gestalta en berättelse där användarna kan känna igen sig och identifiera det företag de arbetar i. 

  • 513.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Project Management in Complex Environments2015Ingår i: 21st Century Projects IPMA 2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The School of Innovation, Design and Engineering (IDT) at Mälardalen University (MDH), Sweden, has built its research environment in cooperation with industry by funding from external sources. As the number of research project has increased, the challenge to run and manage the projects is increasing. To allow researchers to focus on research rather than project management, IDT has invested in training for professional project management and designated the department for research coordination (RECO) to be the project management office (PMO), providing professional project management to research projects. RECO are now carriers of experience between different projects. RECO project managers, however, are not experts in the research conducted at the school, which is a challenge. Nevertheless, the combination of excellent research and professional project management is a success factor when it comes to handling the large portfolio of complex projects within the school. This session will present a survey among Swedish PMO, and set it in relief to how MDH improve productivity and quality in research management by adding project management competencies to the research environment at the university.

  • 514.
    Wikström, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Storyboarding: Framing and Reframing Opportunities in the Front-Front end of Innovation2013Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna avhandling föreslår att design och visuellt tänkande i kombination med narrativ teori kan bidra till en bättre förståelse och ledning av innovationsprocesser. Framför allt med fokus på användningen av storyboarding för att stödja en bättre definition av ett projekts uppdragsbeskrivning, eller som det kallas en ”brief”. Tidigare innovationsforskning har visat att de inledande faserna av innovationsprocesser (vanligen kallad “the front end of innovation”) är av avgörande betydelse för att innovationer skall nå framgång. En ordentligt utformad ”brief”, formulerad tidigt, i de inledande faserna av innovationsprocessen är således en av de mest relevanta händelserna för framgångsrikt innovationsarbete. Denna forskning bidrar till kunskap i de tidiga faserna av innovationsprocessen genom att utveckla och utvärdera en ny metod för att utveckla en ”brief”, storyboarding.

    Först så har en explorativ metodik använts för att skapa förståelse för de tidiga faserna av innovation och hur metoder och teorier från design, visuellt tänkande och narrativ kan ge nya insikter i teamarbete. I denna explorativa del så har fallstudier använts som forskningsstrategi. Därefter så har mitt sökande efter förståelse fokuserats på användningen av storyboarding som ett verktyg för reflektion, och i synnerhet att formulera och omformulera inramningen av möjligheter för innovation. Slutligen, för att skapa en djupare förståelse av storyboarding, så har tre hypoteser utvärderats med hjälp av ett antal experiment med mer än 60 personers deltagande där team utvecklar en ”brief”. I dessa experiment så har Storyboarding använts för att stödja teamens “tänkande” för att utveckla en ”brief”. Med andra ord så har Storyboarding setts som en process för att möjliggöra för team att tänka annorlunda eller mer exakt, snarare än bara ett verktyg för att representera eller för att kommunicera en ”brief”. Experimenten visar att användningen av Storyboarding har ett antal effekter som kan stödja ledning av innovation. För det första kan vi se att Storyboarding kan vara användbart om man vill “stimulera” reflektion kopplat till innebörd (meaning) när man utvecklar en ”brief”, dvs. när man vill att ett team ska överväga både funktionella så väl som känslomässiga/symboliska faktorer i en innovationsprocess. För det andra så skapar storyboarding en ”smalare” definition, jämfört med traditionella skriftliga ”briefs”, inom det av ledningen valda fokusområde. Detta kan vara önskvärt när ledningen söker efter nya möjligheter för innovation.

  • 515.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Everskog, A
    Forsberg Wallin, A
    Hyltefors, M
    Larsen, S
    Verganti, R
    Storyboarding: Framing the “frame” of opportunity2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design brief is commonly a written description of a scope for a design problem that requires some kind of visual design. The exploration of opportunities before formulating the design brief results in framing and reframing the problem to create a common shared understanding of the problem. In this paper the applicability of Storyboard, the actual making of the storyboard, and its values to the front-front end of innovation is examined. Experiments has been performed in order to test three hypotheses and validate the results, in total four experiments was performed consisting of 25 teams developing 17 concepts. The three hypotheses focus, regarding type of innovation, scope and level of ambiguity, creates understanding of the values storyboarding can add with regards to framing opportunity for innovation in the front-front end of innovation. The result shows that storyboarding contribute to a narrow focus in creating the brief. Regarding the innovation type the hypothesis could not be confirmed, but storyboarding enables a reflection on both meaning and function. There were also some indications on ambiguity in the brief, but this hypothesis was not confirmed.

  • 516.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Everskog, Amanda
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Forsberg Wallin, Amanda
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Hyltefors, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Larsen, Sofie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Storyboarding - Framing the "frame" of opportunity2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The design brief is commonly a written description of a scope for a design problem that requires some kind of visual design. The exploration of opportunities before formulating the design brief results in framing and reframing the problem to create a common shared understanding of the problem. In this paper the applicability of Storyboard, the actual making of the storyboard, and its values to the front-front end of innovation is examined. Experiments has been performed in order to test three hypotheses and validate the results, in total four experiments was performed consisting of 25 teams developing 17 concepts. The three hypotheses focus, regarding type of innovation, scope and level of ambiguity, creates understanding of the values storyboarding can add with regards to framing opportunity for innovation in the front-front end of innovation. The result shows that storyboarding contribute to a narrow focus in creating the brief. Regarding the innovation type the hypothesis could not be confirmed, but storyboarding enables a reflection on both meaning and function. There were also some indications on ambiguity in the brief, but this hypothesis was not confirmed.© 2013 The Design Society.

  • 517.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy .
    Exploring storyboarding in prebrief activities2013Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: Volume 7 DS75-07, 2013,, 2013, s. 11-20Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating ideas is no longer seen as a challenge within companies, creative sessions and brainstorming is widespread in most companies. However, when creating a design brief there is a lack of tools and methods finding problems and framing situations of interest. This paper examines the characteristics of storyboarding, the making of the storyboard, in pre-brief activities. In an explorative study 54 teams participating in an idea development workshop is analyzed. The workshop was developed using theories from design, visual thinking and narrative, using visual tools in every step with a focus on framing a situation of interest. This study provides an initial understanding of storyboarding in a new area and tentatively suggests that storyboarding stimulate creativity and reflection on emotions in the situation of interest. It also seems like storyboarding stimulates teams in organizing and discussing raw data widely. Storyboarding seems promising as a method but needs to be compared to the traditional way of describing a brief, a written document. An experiment is suggested to evaluate the differences between pre-brief activities made with storyboarding compared to written.

  • 518.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Storyboarding: Framing and reframing the design brief2013Ingår i: DS 75-7: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED13), Design for Harmonies, Vol.7: Human Behaviour in Design, Seoul, Korea, 19-22.08.2013, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an explanatory experiment, developing understandingabout Storyboarding in the front front end of innovation. The experiment set-up is to test howStoryboard is different from the common way of working before creating a design brief,writing documents, and to create a research agenda in order to explore this phenomena indepth. The experiment was performed in the context of a multidisciplinary conceptdevelopment course with eight teams. These teams were divided in two groups where onegroup created a Storyboard brief and the other a written brief. As results three hypotheses aredeveloped for further research. Also we conclude that Storyboard seems to be more promisingto support innovation projects that need focusing in a narrower area, but in that area moreopen to freedom of interpretation and reframing of a problem at its roots.

  • 519.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Lundin, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Södergren, B.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Automation and flexibility: An apparent or real dilemma?2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, vol. 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 35-48Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are trade-offs between cost and capabilities throughout specification, implementation and operation of automated solutions in manufacturing companies. This chapter describes four identified dilemmas or contradictions while balancing flexibility to automation, based on an empirical study with interviews and workshop in five internationally competitive manufacturing companies. The study generated insights on experienced challenges while implementing automated solutions in manufacturing, and these apparent conflicts between automated solutions and maintaining a high operational flexibility need to be managed as manufacturing automation will continue to increase on all levels. 

  • 520.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Lundin, Mats
    Swerea IVF Mölndal, Sweden .
    Södergren, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Automation and Flexibility: Exploring Contradictions in Manufacturing Operations2016Ingår i: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 521.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Södergren, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Asplund, Ola
    IF Metall, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Exploring Site roles in Global Corporations: Balancing Local identity to Global responsibility2016Ingår i: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how the lead plant role within an international manufacturing network (IMN) is expressed from a site perspective, in relation to key competitive factors. A participative observational study of a workshop series with five Swedish manufacturing sites, all working within international companies, showed how the sites’ interests challenges and supports the interests of the IMNs. The lead plants are to lead the development and dissemination of new knowledge, but still being competitive in efficiency and delivery. Strong positions within the six analysed competitive factors were generally expressed as positive abilities for being a lead plant within an IMN.

  • 522.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    et al.
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Döös, Marianne
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Influencing work-integrated learning: Learning oriented leadership2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 523.
    Wilhelmsson, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet, Sweden.
    Åberg, Marie
    Högskolan i Dalarna, Sweden.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Enabling Transformative Learning in the Workplace: An Educative Research Intervention2015Ingår i: Journal of Transformative Education, ISSN 1541-3446, E-ISSN 1552-7840, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 219-238Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss the potential of an educative research intervention to influence the quality of the learning outcome in theworkplace as interpreted from the perspectives of adult learning theory. The research project was designed as a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. In this article, quantitative survey data were taken as the point of departure, and qualitative data were used for the purpose of analyzing aspects of learning. An educative research intervention may support a transformative learning quality when the manager and employees have to deal with severe difficulties, and they succeed in doing so by sharing responsibilities and having the strength to engage in thedevelopment process in the workplace. It is possible to support transformative learning in the workplace through an educative research intervention that encourages managers to educate themselves and their employees to think and act in new ways, aiming at integrated autonomy, increased interaction, and learning.

  • 524.
    Winroth, M.
    et al.
    To remain competitive, single-family wooden house builders might create smart wooden house factories. Smart factories and smart production are recent concepts used to denote ideas that support competitiveness in for example the automotive industry. In the housing sector, a concept introduced to increase competitiveness is industrialized house-building. The aim of the study presented here was to investigate whether industrialized house-building characteristics could be a step toward a smart factory for wooden house builders. In this paper, ideas of the smart wooden house factory are synthesized, and challenges for the single-family wooden house builder are identified. The study is founded on empirical data from one single-case study. A challenge identified was the maturity level of the culture and organization to commit to and utilize modern technology and modern working methods. The concept of the smart wooden house factory is still in its infancy and needs further research. .
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jönköping University.
    Research Results Improve Learning and Understanding in Master Courses - The use of a manufacturing strategy tool2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, s. 47-54Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The analytical STRATEGO-tool has been used in total 48 project groups in master courses at Chalmers University of Technology from spring term of 2015. The project trains the students in applying theoretical tools at real organizations with a specific interest in analyzing their use of operations strategy. This paper presents the outcome from these courses and specifically discusses its usability as a pedagogic tool in different contexts, even though the intention with the tool initially was to constitute a tool for SMEs who wanted to develop their manufacturing strategies.

  • 525.
    Wlazlak, P.
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jönköping University.
    Hilletofth, P.
    Jönköping University.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jönköping University.
    Integration of Suppliers' Workflows in the OEMs' New Product Development Process2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, s. 479-486Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This research explores integration of the suppliers' workflows in the OEM's new product development (NPD) process, to support the production ramp-up. Based on multiple-case study approach, incorporating both the OEM and the supplier perspective, this research explains critical aspects for the integration of suppliers' workflows in the OEM's NPD process, and when these aspects need to be addressed. The results show that face-to-face meeting on a project level, standardized work model, readiness of the component specifications, role of Supplier Quality Assurance (SQA) engineer, quality assurance document provided to the suppliers, etc. are critical aspects. © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  • 526.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Peter, Ahlin
    Husqvarna AB, Sweden.
    Visual representations for communication in geographicallydistributed new product development projects2019Ingår i: Journal of engineering design (Print), ISSN 0954-4828, E-ISSN 1466-1837, ISSN 0954-4828, Vol. 30, nr 8/9, s. 385-403Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the role of visual representations in supporting communication between an R&D team and geographically distributed suppliers for a new product development (NPD) project. Itspecifically focuses on the design and use of visual representationsas a feasible way for communication between the distributed actorswhen they face communication challenges originating from differences in skills in the English language, but also from differences inwork experiences. Relying on empirical materials from a Swedishmanufacturing company in the mechanical engineering industry,this paper makes the following contributions to the literature. First,it shows that visual representations are effective boundary objectsable to support process-oriented and product-oriented communication in distributed NPD projects. Second, it illustrates that visualrepresentations do not necessarily have to follow graphic designprinciples, but can still be effective if distributed actors share thesame project context. Finally, it highlights the need for a dynamic andcontext-dependent perspective on communication in NPD projects.

  • 527.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Ind Prod Dev Prod & Design, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Supply Chain & Operat Management, Jonkoping, Sweden.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Supply Chain & Operat Management, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Univ Gavle, Dept Ind Engn & Management, Gavle, Sweden..
    Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-supplier integration to prepare for production ramp-up2019Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 506-530Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Although prior research provides evidence that production ramp-up is often disrupted by supplier-related problems, it fails to discuss how the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and various types of suppliers integrate their functions and operations to secure preparations for production ramp-up. The purpose of this paper is to investigate OEM-supplier integration in a new product development (NPD) project to prepare for production ramp-up. Design/methodology/approach The results presented in this paper are based on a real-time, longitudinal study of a single collaborative NPD project in the mechanical engineering industry. The NPD project involves seven suppliers and it is carried out in a large Swedish company (the OEM) and fits the theory-elaborating approach of this research. Findings This study argues that the aspect of timing in OEM-supplier integration, the OEM's research and development (R&D) attitude toward collaboration and the OEM's (R&D) operating procedure are challenges affecting the preparation for production ramp-up. The following three mechanisms to facilitate OEM-supplier integration in order to prepare for production ramp-up are also discussed: the mediator's role, the OEM's face-to-face meeting at the project level and suppliers' formal face-to-face meetings with the OEM and internally. Originality/value This paper elaborates on and extends prior research on production ramp-up by conducting an empirical analysis that incorporates supplier integration in NPD. It bridges the gap between the literature on production ramp-up and on supplier integration in NPD and clearly indicates that supplier integration is an important prerequisite for successful production ramp-up.

  • 528.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Ind Prod Dev Prod & Design, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Ind Prod Dev Prod & Design, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Eskilstuna, Sweden..
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Supply Chain & Operat Management, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Univ Gavle, Dept Ind Engn & Management, Gavle, Sweden..
    Original equipment manufacturer (OEM)-supplier integration to prepare for production ramp-up2019Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 30, nr 2, s. 506-530Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Although prior research provides evidence that production ramp-up is often disrupted by supplier-related problems, it fails to discuss how the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) and various types of suppliers integrate their functions and operations to secure preparations for production ramp-up. The purpose of this paper is to investigate OEM-supplier integration in a new product development (NPD) project to prepare for production ramp-up. Design/methodology/approach The results presented in this paper are based on a real-time, longitudinal study of a single collaborative NPD project in the mechanical engineering industry. The NPD project involves seven suppliers and it is carried out in a large Swedish company (the OEM) and fits the theory-elaborating approach of this research. Findings This study argues that the aspect of timing in OEM-supplier integration, the OEM's research and development (R&D) attitude toward collaboration and the OEM's (R&D) operating procedure are challenges affecting the preparation for production ramp-up. The following three mechanisms to facilitate OEM-supplier integration in order to prepare for production ramp-up are also discussed: the mediator's role, the OEM's face-to-face meeting at the project level and suppliers' formal face-to-face meetings with the OEM and internally. Originality/value This paper elaborates on and extends prior research on production ramp-up by conducting an empirical analysis that incorporates supplier integration in NPD. It bridges the gap between the literature on production ramp-up and on supplier integration in NPD and clearly indicates that supplier integration is an important prerequisite for successful production ramp-up.

  • 529.
    Yamamoto, Yuji
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Kaikaku in production in Japan: An analysis of Kaikaku in terms of ambidexterity2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, vol. 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 67-89Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Japanese manufacturing companies have been active both in Kaizen—continuous improvement—and Kaikaku—radical improvement. However, compared to Kaizen, Kaikaku is less known and also less discussed in articles and books. Some questions may arise about Kaikaku: What is it? How is it undertaken in practice? How can an organization be proficient in both Kaikaku and Kaizen? In this chapter, these questions will be discussed. 

  • 530.
    Yamamoto, Yuji
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Need of understanding how to enhance innovation at early phases of production system development2018Ingår i: Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018, Eskilstuna, Sweden, 2018, s. 44-51Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The main purpose this paper is to discuss a research potential in the area of understanding how a company can enhance innovation at the early phases of production system development. Due to this purpose, the structure of this paper deviates from the conventional ones that include methods, findings, and contributions. The chain of logic in this paper is structured as follows. Firstly, the importance of the early phases in terms of constantly developing new production systems is mentioned. Then, the early phases are defined and described in theoretical frameworks. Later, two industrial cases are introduced to emphases the aforementioned importance. Finally, the research potential is discussed based on the theories and practices introduced in the earlier parts of the paper.

  • 531.
    Yamamoto, Yuji
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Sandström, Kristian
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Karakuri IoT - the concept and the result of pre-study2018Ingår i: Proceedings Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXXIII ICMR2018, 2018, s. 311-316Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although scholars and practitioners are actively discussing the potential benefits of introducing Internet of Thing (IoT) in production, IoT is still as an expensive solution in terms of investment and high technological threshold. Manufacturing companies seek a simpler and lower-cost approach to adopting IoT technologies in production, allowing companies to take advantage of the knowledge and innovation capabilities of people close to shop floor operations. This paper introduces the concept of “Karakuri IoT” – simple and low-cost IoT-aided improvements driven by the people close to shop floor operations. A pre-study is conducted to examine the feasibility of the concept. This paper presents the results of the pre-study.

  • 532.
    Yamamoto, Yuji
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Sandström, Kristian
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. RISE SICS, Västerås, Sweden.
    Aranda Munoz, Alvaro
    RISE SICS, Västerås, Sweden.
    Development of methods that support exploration of simple and low-cost IoT-aided improvement solutions at manufacturing plants2018Ingår i: The 2018 Annual Autumn Meeting of Japan Industrial Management Association JIMA, Tokyo, Japan, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 533.
    Yao, J.
    et al.
    College of Business Administration, Ritsumeikan University, Japan.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Hedmark University College, Norway.
    Trends and challenges of future IC reporting: Experiences from Japan2014Ingår i: Intellectual Capital in Organizations: Non-Financial Reports and Accounts, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2014, s. 277-296Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 534.
    Zackrisson, M.
    et al.
    Swerea IVF AB, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF AB, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Winroth, M.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Landström, A.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Almström, P.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, C.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Windmark, C.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Öberg, A.E.
    Volvo Construction Equipment AB, Sweden.
    Myrelid, A.
    GKN Aerospace Engine Systems AB, Sweden.
    Sustainability Performance Indicators at Shop Floor Level in Large Manufacturing Companies2017Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, s. 457-462Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article investigates sustainability in the performance measurement systems of Swedish manufacturing companies. It builds on a previous study that documents relatively few direct environmental indicators at shop floor level, which raises questions about possible indirect links between existing indicators and the environment that could be used to improve the environmental aspect of company's sustainability ambitions. A method for identifying and categorizing indirect links to sustainability issues was defined and used. The results suggest that at shop floor level 90% of the indicators have at least an indirect relation to one or more of the sustainability dimensions economy, environment and social, of which 26% are at least indirectly related to the environmental dimension. Despite the many indirect connections, participating companies perceive a need to improve sustainability indicators and some ideas are suggested. 

  • 535.
    Zafarzadeh, Masoud
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    AUTOMATION FROM LEAN PERSPECTIVE: POTENTIALS AND CHALLENGES2013Manuskript (preprint) (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [en]

    The competitive climate of production and high labour cost, motivate western companies to use technologies like automation as a mean to increase manufacturing competitiveness. On the other hand companies are aware about cost reductive policies like lean production which has shown noticeable achievement, consequently some manufacturers tend to follow such system. In this situation, in order to have lean enterprise, it is vital to find a clear picture of challenges and potentials of implementing automation within a lean environment. So, finding the right level and type of automation becomes vital for companies, and achieving this is not possible without a lean development of automation. The paper presents an overview of automation development from a lean perspective. The focus is on manufacturing and a case study in the automotive industry is presented. Challenges and potentials of automation are pinpointed and some suggestions regarding automation development is given.

  • 536.
    Öberg, Åsa
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Politecnico di Milano.
    Striving for meaning - a study of innovation processes2015Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationsprocesser handlar ofta om kreativ problemlösning. En ny produkt beskrivs ofta genom användandet av ny teknik eller en ny affärsmodell. Men med fokus på det visuella såsom utseende och funktion utelämnas en parameter - nämligen den som rör produktens mening. Meningspespektivet utgör ett alternativ för innovation. Det lyfter frågor kring anledningen till att använda en produkt med fokus på ”varför” vi ska använda den snarare är ”hur”. Inom innovationsområdet befinner sig forskningen kring mening i ett tidigt skede utan väl utvecklade ramverk.

    Målet med denna studie är att öka förståelsen för ett meningsperspektiv inom företags innovations processer - speciellt de tillämpningar, eller praxis som stödjer denna process. Studien har haft en retrospektiv och tolkande ansats i kombination med ett aktivt deltagande perspektiv. Nio fall inom tillverkande industri, konsumentvaror och mode har studerats med fokus på ledare som sökt finna en ny riktning för sin produkt genom att tillämpa ett meningsperspektiv.

    Studien visar att företagens tillvägagångssätt ofta stod i motsats till de som finns beskriva i befintlig litteratur inom innovationsområdet. Istället för att dela sina åsikter med varandra och sedan lägga dem åt sidan för att tillämpa ett ”nybörjar-sinne” så visade ledarna ett stilla intresse som utvecklades över tid. De blottlade medvetet sina egna personliga övertygelser och gick längre än att endast dela information i projekten. Istället utvecklade de ett mångfacetterat och kritiskt synsätt. Till skillnad mot ett användande av ”outsourcing”, att leja produkt lösningar på extern part, observerades en typ av förkroppsligande, eller införlivande, av den nya föreslagna meningen av en produkt. Mer djupgående studier visade att när deltagarna inte delar sina åsikter med genuint engagemang så vacklar en innovationsprocess inriktad på att finna ny mening för en produkt. Tillämpandet av detta blottläggande sker inte direkt utan när individer öppnar upp och låter gamla tolkningar blekna till förmån för nya perspektiv. Vidare, att externa källor, så kallade ”tolkare”, gynnar diskussioner kring en produkts mening genom en kritisk förmåga bestående av fyra delmoment kallade fråga, ge, våga och leka.

    Studien bidrar med en ökad förståelse för meningsperspektivet inom innovationsområdet genom att hämta teorier från fälten hermeneutik, design och ledarskap. Den visar att den här typen av innovationsprocess är relevant men att den skiljer sig från processer som fokuserar på kreativ problemlösning. Istället för att drivas att finna lösningar innebär detta meningsperspektiv att sträva framåt mot en produkts nya potentiella mening.

  • 537.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Altuna, Naiara
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano.
    INTERPRETERS: a source of innovations driven by meaning2014Ingår i: Innovation through engineering, business and design, University of Limercik, 2014, s. 173-Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

      There are a number of ways of “thinking new”, the “Google” way –ideas oriented– and the “Interpreting” way –meaning oriented– among others. In this article, we describe one valuable part in the emergence of new meanings, the source of external experts, or, the so-called interpreters. The interpreters’ contribution to the ”Interpreting” way depends on their characteristics, the conversational process where their insights are exchanged with others and - the company and its capability to absorb and transform these insights. This research is focused on the first: the characteristics.

    To answer this, we first review one of the most important features of an interpreter, namely the ability to be critical, second, we conduct one in-depth case study of a large multinational company that has convened seven interpreters to develop new emerging meanings for a special product in their portfolio.

    The paper connects to different types of critical thinking/stance from both the educational and philosophical field, but also to theory from psychology. It concludes that conversations and discussions are eased if the interpreters possess certain abilities besides knowledge. Thus, for the process of interpreting, knowledge, per se is not enough. Instead it needs to be mediated by individual behaviour. A behaviour that is closer to criticism than to creativity.

  • 538.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    CARVING OUT THE PRODUCT MEANING: from Pre-emptying to Embodying2014Ingår i: "Innovation through engineering, business and design", 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    When companies stay within the existing thinking frame of a product they risk to miss an important aspect, namely the meaning of it. By describing products in terms of function or visual appearance they tend to surface the product rather than deeply understand the reason of using it, its “why”, i.e. its meaning.

    To compensate for “locked in” interpretations of products many different approaches have been proposed, like deBonos hats (deBono 1986), “design thinking” (Brown 2009 ) and user innovation (von Hippel 2005). These approaches often result in a vast amount of ideas about solutions aimed at improving functionality, but they hardly dig into the interpretation of product meaning. They appear effective in innovating solutions, the “how” of a product, but: are they adequate as well when it comes to innovating the meaning of a product, its “why”?

     

    This paper explores what happens when firms move innovation deeper, and instead of innovating a solution for an existing problem or meaning, they want to change the product meaning. In particular it focuses on the process of innovation of meaning, and its differences with more traditional and well-known processes that aim at innovate solutions. It tells the story of four companies that went through several stages of reflection on product meaning. Our objective is to detect the nature of the process of innovation of meaning and understand if it aligns with the basic principles of problems solving that has been proposed by innovation literature in the last decade.

     

    By digging into the stories of meaning driven innovation projects of these firms, we unveil that: (1) the process of innovation of meaning differs substantially from the process of innovation of solutions; indeed, its principles are mostly opposite than to what is stated from innovation literature focused on problem solving. (2) The process of innovation of meaning evolves along four major phases: from a silent evolving of interest, to a conscious pre-emptying of existing beliefs, an iterative and multifaceted conversing and finally the embodying of the new proposed meaning. (3) These four phases are in line with the dynamic of change processes explored by scholars who have received less attention in the innovation literature. And these are researchers who have addressed change in humans and society from the perspective of the interpretation and search for meaning: philosophers of hermeneutics (Gadamer, Ricoeur), leadership (Scharmer), human disciplines (Hekkert). Aligning the process of innovation of meaning with different domains of knowledge is both a confirmation of the need for new approaches within innovation research -  and an invitation to search for new frames of within the same. The aim of this study has been to propose and spur research to understand no only how to find new solutions, but also, how to create products and services that are give new meaning to people and businesses.

  • 539.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Meaning: An Unexplored Path of Innovation2014Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation in Management, ISSN 2308-1295, Vol. 2, nr 2, s. 77-92Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last ten years, the practice and research around innovation has been dominated by one perspective: innovation is an activity of “creative problem solving”. According to this perspective, users have problems or needs, and innovation implies an understanding of those problems and the creation of better ideas to solve them (Kelley, 2001, Chesbrough, 2003, Brown, 2009, Martin, 2009). There is, however, a level of innovation that has been overlooked: the level of meaning. People are continuously searching for meaning. Whenever they do something in life, there is a meaning behind that action, a purpose, and a “why”. They also use products and services that support this search for meaning. For example, they use fast robots with the purpose of improving the productivity of a process. Firms often assume that meanings exist “out there” in the market. They just have to be understood, not innovated. Therefore, they search for new solutions, a new “how”, to serve this existing purpose better: a faster robot, for example. However, people are not only searching for new solutions to existing problems. They are also searching for new meanings because their life keeps changing and because they are delighted by the discovery of new directions. For example, hospitals buy slow robots, such as the DaVinci system, the leading prostatectomy device, not to replace doctors and increase productivity, but to help them in complex operations. This article contends that there is a third type of innovation that is overlooked by the existing frameworks of innovation, which focus on the innovation of technologies and markets: innovation as driven by meaning. By leveraging case studies of firms in consumer and industrial markets, this article: (1) identifies and defines this third type of innovation, the innovation of meaning (2) positions it in relation to the two other main drivers of innovation (technologies and markets); (3) identifies the peculiar nature of the innovation of meaning; and (4) indicates a possible research strategy to explore the process of the innovation of meaning

  • 540.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Poitecnico di Milano.
    Pre-emptying and the myth of the naïve mind2014Ingår i: Proceedings of the 19th DMI International Design Management Research Conference: Design Management in an Era of Disruption, 2014, s. -225Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the mantras of innovation and design in the last years is that innovation requires a "beginner's mind". Innovation is hoped to come from people who are non-experts, unaware of existing solution heuristics and therefore free from pre-conceptions.

    But, innovation does not always concern the search for new solutions. It can involve a search for new meaning. By meaning we refer to the purpose of a product, the “why” it is used, rather than the “how”. Meanings come from individuals and influence how they interpret their personal and business reality; they create myths. Are pre-conceptions detrimental also when searching for new meanings? Should companies therefore look for beginner’s minds, or clean the minds of their organization, also when innovating meaning?

    This article contends that, in the context of innovation of meaning, “the naïve mind” looks like a naïve theoretical construct itself. Our research shows that rather then searching for innovators with a beginner’s mind (who hardly exist) and rather than trying to challenge an organization’s pre-conceptions, companies may positively leverage the existence of pre-understanding. By a deliberate act of “pre-emptying”, employees can clearly express the meaning they believe in, not to challenge and clean it, but in order to use it as a precious ingredient to be melted and framed into a new interpretation of product meaning. In this paper “pre-emptying” will be discussed in the light of hermeneutics, theory U by Scharmer and four empirical cases of global corporations. 

  • 541.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Taking a Meaning Perspective: – A Third Dimension of Innovation2013Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of innovation, and especially of radical innovation, have often overlooked the innovation of meanings, especially in its more radical form. In this chapter we will illustrate how this innovation is related to other types of innovation, will discuss its nature and will show that radical innovation of meanings always occur, in every industry, and has the power to shape competition thereafter.

  • 542.
    Österman, Christer
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploring approaches how to measure a lean process2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of the research is to explore a practical method of measuring the implementation of lean in a process. The method will be based on examining the abilities of a group. At this scale the ability to work standardized and solve problems is important. These two abilities are dependent of each other and are fundamental for the group’s ability to create a stable result. In this context the method of standardized work (SW) is define to be the methods used in a process to generate stable results. Problem solving (PS) is defined as the methods used to return a process to a condition where SW is possible. Methodology / approach The research is conducted in a multiple case study in four large global manufacturing companies. The order of the data collection is: Firstly, interviews with the individuals that are centrally responsible for overall implementation of lean in the organization. Secondly, observe the implementation of SW and PS at the group level. In total 7 groups have been studied and 19 respondents interviewed. Findings Results show that the central definition of the methods for standardized work does not by itself have a direct impact on success of implementation of SW at group level. The method of SW where similar on a general level in the different cases, but with varying levels of implementation at group level. Results also show that key factors for a successful implementation of standardized work on group level are: Ownership of the process, Direct connection to result of process, Correct workload and Leader demand. Methods of PS at group level where dissimilar despite a superficially similar approach. The evaluation method used was successful in providing comparable results between the cases. Research limitations A limitation of this research is within the scale of the measurement, as it only examines the group level. The research is further limited to four companies and seven groups. Originality/value of paper This paper aims to fill a gap in the established measurement methods of lean, as it examines the abilities of SW and PS at the group level of a process. These abilities are often referred to as essential in lean theory. However, there has been little scholarly work in defining the methods of SW and PS or the key factors affecting the methods at an operational level.

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