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  • 451.
    Alamgir, Rana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ahmed, Shahid
    ICT Enabled Knowledge Sharing – Impact of ICT on Knowledge Sharing Barriers: The Case of Avanade2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies in recent years have revealed that use of ICT can significantly impact knowledge sharing in organizations by enhancing the knowledge sharing process, reducing knowledge sharing barriers, and introducing technology barriers. While this has been identified in many studies and a significant research has been carried out to identify knowledge sharing barriers, there exists a considerable dearth of research when the question of ‘which knowledge sharing barriers can ICT reduce and how?’ is posed. This thesis aims to address this question by studying the case of an organization using ICT for knowledge sharing. The study was carried out using questionnaire and interview findings and results showed that if ICT is effectively used, a number of knowledge sharing barriers - in addition to time and space barriers - can be successfully reduced. Organizational and individual knowledge sharing barriers saw most reduction by ICT while technology barriers did not see any reduction by use of ICT alone. This is in coherence with different studies that use of ICT for knowledge sharing introduces its own technology barriers. However the results show that if employees are tech-savvy and management considerably supports employee involvement in the process of design and deployment of ICT enabled knowledge sharing, technology barriers can also be greatly reduced and even entirely eliminated.

  • 452.
    Alamgir, Rana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Anand, Nitin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    A Study of Bangladesh Telecom Market2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Target Audience: The management of TeliaSonera is our main target audience. Also students from management, marketing and business administration are our secondary concern.

    Problem Statement: “How suitable is Bangladesh telecom market for an internationalized telecom company (TeliaSonera), and what could be a preferable entry strategy for such market?”

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate Bangladesh telecom market in order to find out the potentiality of the market which could be considered by the company to think about starting a business there and also to determine a suitable entry strategy from the company depending on the factors have been investigated.

    Methodology: The project is based on both primary and secondary information retrieved in connection with the theoretical framework. A qualitative approach of research and analysis has been considered to reach the desirable result.

    Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework has been created with Porter’s (1998) five forces and National Diamond together with factors that influence the international entry strategy described by Franklin R (1998)

    Findings: While presenting the data, we have followed a structure. We have divided all our data in four parts. They are namely, The Focal Company Factors, Home country (Sweden) factors, the Focal country (Bangladesh) Factors, and the Focal country’s (Bangladesh) Telecom market factors. All data have been presented under the respective headings of these parts and also with some corresponding subheadings.

    Analysis: The analysis is based on the result of a consolidated evaluation of relevant theory and empirical information collected accordingly. All the collected information has been observed through the gloss of theoretical framework and has been used for answering the problem statement.

    Conclusion: After investigating the factors of Bangladesh telecom market, we can conclude that it will be a good idea for TeliaSonera to expand their business in Bangladesh as both the industry and the country has a lot of potential to offer. An Investment entry mode (Joint Venture) has been suggested. It is worth mentionable that this paper is a preliminary idea about the market to encourage TeliaSonera to expand in Bangladesh which reveals the opportunity for further research.

  • 453.
    Alander, Ida
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Lärare och genus: En studie om lärares upplevelser av och förhållningssätt kring genus i skolan2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen är att belysa och bidra med kunskap om lärares upplevelser av och förhållningssätt kring genus i skolundervisningen. Undersökningen söker svar kring lärarnas medvetenhet i hur de agerar gentemot pojkar och flickor när de undervisar. Forskningsansatsen är kvalitativ. Datainsamlingen genomfördes med fem halvstrukturerade intervjuer. Resultatet visar att jämställdhet är något som är viktigt för lärarna. Deras medvetenhet är stor då de alltid försöker att behandla pojkar och flickor lika. Lärarna har en generell syn på pojkar och flickor som de inte alltid anser stämmer överens med hur pojkar och flickor är i verkligheten. Alla lärarna anser att det är viktigt att genus förs in i skolpedagogiken och att jämställdhet ska råda både i klassrummen och den övriga skolmiljön. En slutsats är att lärarna associerar ordet genus med jämställdhet. Lärarna lägger inte någon vikt vid de sociala, kulturella och historiskt förankrade värderingar som bidrar till att vi agerar som vi gör gentemot de olika könen. Utan kunskap och förståelse kring genusbegreppet så finns en risk att reproduktionen av könsroller och strukturer fortsätter.

  • 454.
    Alape Vivekananda, Ashish
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Test Generation For Digital Circuits – A Mapping Study On VHDL, Verilog and SystemVerilog2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Researchers have proposed different methods for testing digital logic circuits. The need for testing digital logic circuits has become more important than ever due to the growing complexity of such systems. During the development process, testing is focusing on design defects as well as manufacturing and wear out type of defects. Failures in digital systems could be caused by design errors, the use of inherently probabilistic devices, and manufacturing variability. The research in this area has focused also on the design of digital logic circuit for achieving better testability. In addition, automated test generation has been used to create tests that can quickly and accurately identify faulty components. Examples of such methods are the Ad Hoc techniques, Scan Path Technique for testable sequential circuits, and the random scan technique. With the research domain becoming more mature and the number of related studies increasing, it is essential to systematically identify, analyse and classify the papers in this area. The systematic mapping study of testing digital circuits performed in this thesis aims at providing an overview of the research trends in this domain and empirical evidence. In order to restrict the scope of the mapping study we only focus on some of the most widely-used and well-supported hardware description languages (HDLs): Verilog, SystemVerilog and VHDL. Our results suggest that most of the methods proposed for test generation of digital circuits are focused on the behavioral level and Register Transfer Levels. Fault independent test generation is the most frequently applied test goal and simulation is the most common experimental test evaluation method. Majority of papers published in this area are conference papers and the publication trend shows a growing interest in this area. 63% of papers execute the test method proposed. An equal percentage of papers experimetnatlly evaluate the test method they propose. From the mapping study we inferred that papers that execute the test method proposed, evaluate them as well.

  • 455.
    Al-asadi, Mohammad
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Uppvärmning och kylning av batterier för Extra330LE2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    At present, there is a great focus on electric cars, many interesting inventions and innovations in the electric vehicle industry, but significantly less focus on electric aircraft or more environmentally friendly aircraft. [1]

    The report includes an analysis of cooling and heating systems of electric aircraft as this is the main area of ​​the work. There are several cooling systems and heating systems, but this work focuses only on small aircraft, which means that the systems available are limited due to the size importance of the systems. These systems should keep the batteries at constant temperature during all operations the aircraft is going through. As the effect on batteries may vary depending on the temperature.

    The vision of this work is to find a solution to how the battery can maintain constant temperature for a powered aircraft.

    The work also includes a study on different types of batteries and its specifications. The study also includes various battery cooling types that can be installed in a powered aircraft.

    The method of this work is to collect facts in the background, then analyze the fact under the method and compare the different aircrafts, batteries and different cooling as well as heating systems that may be suitable for an electric aircraft.

    The main result of the report landed on the Extra 330LE aircraft. The choice of battery is lithium ion batteries, due to the high power and light weight the batteries have. Both heating and cooling systems selected for both Extra 330LE and Lithium Ion batteries are direct air cooling and insulation system Tesla uses.

    The report summarizes the possible cooling and heating systems that an electric powered airplane can have for best performance, in other words, how will these cooling and heating systems affect the aircraft, such as the weight, cooling and heating ability and if the aircraft is capable of having such heat or cooling system.

  • 456.
    Ala-Tainio, Evelina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Lindskog, Camilla
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Empati: - Hur utvecklar barn empati?2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet är att få en större förståelse för hur barn utvecklar empati och hur lärare kan stötta barn i den utvecklingen. Vi har valt detta ämne då vi varit ute i skolor och förskolor där lärare och förskolelärare har uttryckt ett stort behov av empati utvecklande arbetsätt/metoder. Vi har använt oss av aktionsforskning i detta arbete för att det är en forskningsdesign som syftar till att utveckla och förändra praktiken. Aktionsforskningen genomfördes på två olika verksamheter en förskola och en grundskola årskurs 6. Resultatet visar på att det krävs ett genomsyrande arbetssätt och medvetenhet från lärarnas sida

  • 457.
    Alatalo, Juha
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Gender lability in trioecious Silene acaulis (Caryophyllaceae)1997In: Nordic Journal of Botany, ISSN 0107-055X, E-ISSN 1756-1051, Vol. 17, no 2, p. 181-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Gender expression of individual cushions of Silene acaulis was shown to vary between years. Fifteen of thirty-nine (= 38%) cushions monitored changed gender expression between 1993 and 1995. Cushions dominated by female flowers were shown to be more stable in gender expression than cushions dominated by male or hermaphrodite flowers.

  • 458.
    Alatalo, Juha
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Molau, U
    Pollen viability and limitation of seed production in a population of the circumpolar cushion plant, Silene acaulis (Caryophyllaceae)2001In: Nordic Journal of Botany, ISSN 0107-055X, E-ISSN 1756-1051, Vol. 21, no 4, p. 365-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pollen viability among genders and limitation of female seed production in a natural trioecious population of the circumpolar cushion plant Silene acaulis was examined. Pollen viability was estimated by an in vitro pollen germination experiment. Both male and hermaphrodite flowers displayed large variation in pollen viability (0-53% in hermaphrodite and 0-54% in male flowers). There was a significant difference between genders in pollen viability: male plants had on average higher pollen viability than hermaphrodite plants. Resource and pollen limitation of seed production was studied by an experiment consisting of three treatments; (I) hand-pollination and removal of all other flowers on the cushion, (II) harid-pollination without removal of other flowers, and (III) open pollination without removal of flowers, Hand-pollination increased seed production, whereas removal of flowers had no effect on seed production. Abortion of pollinated ovules during seed development and seed mass did not differ among treatments. To control for effect of fruit number on seed production, data from naturally pollinated individuals was used. There was a positive correlation between both total number of seeds and fruit number, mean seed number per fruit and fruit number, respectively. These results indicate that seed production of S. acaulis is mainly limited by pollen availability whereas resource competition between fruits is not important as a limiting factor. The possible role of male quality differences between genders and pollen limitation of seed production for maintenance of trioecious reproductive systems is discussed.

  • 459.
    Alatalo, Juha
    et al.
    Göteborgs Universitet.
    Totland, O
    Response to simulated climatic change in an alpine and subarctic pollen-risk strategist, Silene acaulis1997In: Global Change Biology, ISSN 1365-2486, Vol. 3, p. 74-79Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to test if early no overing species respond with increased seed production to climate warming as is predicted for late-flowering seed-risk strategists. Experimental climate warming of about 3 degrees C was applied to two populations of the cushion-forming plant Silene acaulis (L.) Jacq. The experiment was run at one subarctic site and one alpine site for 2 years and 1 year, respectively, using open-top chambers (OTC). The 2-year temperature enhancement at the subarctic site had a marked effect on the flowering phenology. Cushions inside the OTC started flowering substantially earlier than control cushions. Both the male and female phases developed faster in the OTCs, and maturation of capsules occurred earlier. The cushions also responded positively in reproductive terms and produced more mature seeds and had a higher seed/ovule ratio. After 1 year temperature enhancement at the alpine site there was a weak trend for earlier flowering, but there was no significant difference in seed production or seed/ovule ratio.

  • 460.
    Alayed, Abdulrahman S.
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet Högskola, Sweden.
    Lööf, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Sophiahemmet Högskola, Sweden.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Sophiahemmet Högskola, Sweden.
    Saudi Arabian ICU safety and nurses' attitudes2014In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 581-593Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 461.
    Alayon, Claudia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sannö, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Högskolan i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sustainable production adoption by Surface Treatment SMES: challenges and enablers2015In: Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference 2015 GCPC2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption to sustainable production is a continuous but necessary strive for manufacturing operations, including small and medium enterprises, SMEs. Meeting the future needs of the economic, social and environmental dimensions provides challenges for SMEs. In order to meet these challenges, understanding of internal and external enablers is required. Studies focusing on the enablers for sustainability among SMEs are rare; hence these companies are important players in the supply chain to focal companies. In order to enhance the understanding of the adoption of sustainable production for the sector surface treatment SMEs, an exploratory study has been conducted. In this study, the focus has been placed in the identification and analysis of the challenges and enablers for adoption of sustainable production. Two stages of empirical data collection were undertaken: a focus group session and an online questionnaire. The findings present challenges based on the limitations of the surface treatment process but also where enablers for the social, economic and environmental for meeting those challenges are interrelated. The results showed that these SMEs face challenges in their way towards sustainable production, mainly due to: low economic profitability, need for improvement in old working procedures, lack of fully understanding regarding environmental legislation, difficulty in ensuring workforce, lack of technology development and resistance towards change. These challenges could be faced through internal and external enablers, where the support of large-size customers and other stakeholders is critical for this sector.

  • 462.
    Alayón, C.
    et al.
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Säfsten, K.
    School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Conceptual sustainable production principles in practice: Do they reflect what companies do?2017In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 141, p. 693-701Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A common understanding of sustainable production principles and the identification of sustainable manufacturing practices among practitioners are key starting points in studying how manufacturers are making their operations more sustainable. However, there is a lack of insight in the literature connecting conceptual sustainable production principles, and the practices reflecting these principles. Using semi-structured interviews founded on the sustainable production principles posed by the Lowell Center for Sustainable Production, this paper presents an outlook of how companies in different industries carry out manufacturing practices related to the sustainability production principles. Results showed that the majority of sustainable manufacturing practices remain strongly centered on the environmental dimension of sustainability, with the greatest number of practices emanating from principles concerning energy and material conservation, and waste management. Similarly, reactive sustainable manufacturing practices prevailed over proactive sustainable manufacturing practices, as most of the practices aimed to comply with regulatory and market pressures. Quality and environmental management systems were acknowledged as important tools for putting sustainable production principles into practice; while Swedish environmental and social regulations were found to drive sustainable manufacturing practices. This study connects sustainable production principles with sustainable manufacturing practices and opens the way for further studies on a global or sector-specific scale.

  • 463.
    Alazzawi, Jinan Riadh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Farcuta, Loredana Alexandrina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Store design: A comparison between luxurious and normal/regular fashion stores2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to do a comparison between luxurious fashion stores and normal/regular ones, describe the differences in terms of the store design and discuss the influences and their impact on the customer experience. The second purpose is to give suggestions to normal/regular fashion stores from Sweden regarding improvements that they might need to enhance the customer’s shopping experience.

    In order to complete this study, both primary and secondary data were collected. Primary data was collected by performing three different methods. First was an observation, which was done in both luxurious and normal/regular fashion stores. An interview was performed with the manager of H&M Västerås. Last but not least method was to apply a questionnaire in order to find out the customer’s opinion concerning their shopping experience. The secondary data was gathered from Mälardalen’s University data bases and library and also from online resources.

    Conclusion:               The luxurious fashion stores have a unique way of displaying their garments, which gives an idea of neatness, comfort and order. They also have special services that add to the customer’s shopping experience, enhancing it. Even thought normal/regular fashion stores are different from luxurious, they give a big importance to the quality, the price and displaying their garments in a specific order.

    When it comes to the shopping experience customers’ encounter, most of them considered that it is important to have helpful staff, right temperature, appropriate music and light and clean environment. Overall it can be seen, that even thought they are completely different, the normal/regular fashion stores still try to offer the best experience to their customers. 

  • 464.
    Alba Vázquez, Cira
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    ENERGY ASSESMENT FOR MODULARDETACHED BUILDINGS: Case studies, Sweden and Spain.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy assessment in buildings is an essential topic in order to achieve the set goals for energy efficiency. This thesis investigated the energy consumption in various scenarios in Husmuttern’s buildings. Different purposes (school and apartment), locations (Spain and Sweden) and materials combinations are modelled and analysed. The models were created in the building performance simulation tool IDA ICE. After the yearly energy demand results were obtained they were processed and analysed. Then several factors were changed in the model in order to investigate different impacts in the energy consumption of the building, such as the overall heat transfer, hot water consumption, windows and doors. Also, PV panels were installed in the model to obtain the potential penetration of renewable energy in the buildings. The results showed the different consumption in the buildings depending on the purpose and location, and the impact of the changed factors in the overall energy consumption. The change of windows to more efficient ones showed that the apartments improve their consumption more than the schools, especially in when the Spanish location is considered. This case also had the biggest possible change when the hot water demand is varied. Whereas if the door was the changed, the Swedish apartment has the most possible improvement.

  • 465.
    Al-Bawi, Abbas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Spare parts management potential in production2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Spare parts management (SPM) is an important branch of management which could lead the company to success or bankruptcy. It is also fill of potential improvements that can increase the company profits, productivity, and reliability. Wise inventory management would eliminate all the delay risks of unplanned breakdowns, and reduce process time and cost.

    To understand the importance of the spare parts, a fundamental knowledge of maintenance types, spare parts, spare parts management, spare parts classifications, ABC analysis, Economic order quantity, suppliers’ management, purchase management, and management computer program SAP, have been viewed.

    Companies realize the spare parts importance and try to develop the system to increase the benefits. Many ways has been taken to achieve that. Each company has it is own management system that the company has developed in years.

    In this research, spare parts management system of seven companies has been studied. By comparing of the management systems, we highlight the areas that would have negative or positive impact on the system. We would also analysis why the companies have chosen these systems, how they develop the system, and where they aim throw the development.

    Reviewing case studies would have many advantages, it would expand the vision to develop the management system and focus on the points that have permanent value instead of focus on temporary improvement.

    Two check lists of points that could have potential improvement, have been presented and in which improvement type.

  • 466.
    Al-Bawi, Abbas
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Spare parts management potential in production sector2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Spare parts management (SPM) is an important branch of management which could lead the company to success or bankruptcy. It is also fill of potential improvements that can increase the company profits, productivity, and reliability. Wise inventory management would eliminate all the delay risks of unplanned breakdowns, and reduce process time and cost. 

    To understand the importance of the spare parts, a fundamental knowledge of maintenance types, spare parts, spare parts management, spare parts classifications, ABC analysis, Economic order quantity, suppliers’ management, purchase management, and management computer program SAP, have been viewed.

    Companies realize the spare parts importance and try to develop the system to increase the benefits. Many ways has been taken to achieve that. Each company has it is own management system that the company has developed in years.

    In this research, spare parts management system of seven companies has been studied. By comparing of the management systems, we highlight the areas that would have negative or positive impact on the system. We would also analysis why the companies have chosen these systems, how they develop the system, and where they aim throw the development.

    Reviewing case studies would have many advantages, it would expand the vision to develop the management system and focus on the points that have permanent value instead of focus on temporary improvement.

    Two check lists of points that could have potential improvement, have been presented and in which improvement type.

  • 467.
    Albert, Elvira
    et al.
    Complutense University of Madrid.
    Genaim, Samir
    Complutense University of Madrid.
    Masud, Abu Naser
    Technical University of Madrid.
    More precise yet widely applicable cost analysis2011In: Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol. 6538, Springer, 2011, Vol. 6538, p. 38-53Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cost analysis aims at determining the amount of resources required to run a program in terms of its input data sizes. Automatically inferring precise bounds, while at the same time being able to handle a wide class of programs, is a main challenge in cost analysis. (1) Existing methods which rely on computer algebra systems (CAS) to solve the obtained cost recurrence equations (CR) are very precise when applicable, but handle a very restricted class of CR. (2) Specific solvers developed for CR tend to sacrifice accuracy for wider applicability. In this paper, we present a novel approach to inferring precise upper and lower bounds on CR which, when compared to (1), is strictly more widely applicable while precision is kept and when compared to (2), is in practice more precise (obtaining even tighter complexity orders), keeps wide applicability and, besides, can be applied to obtain useful lower bounds as well. The main novelty is that we are able to accurately bound the worst-case/best-case cost of each iteration of the program loops and, then, by summing the resulting sequences, we achieve very precise upper/lower bounds. 

  • 468.
    Albert, Elvira
    et al.
    Complutense University of Madrid.
    Genaim, Samir
    Complutense University of Madrid.
    Masud, Abu Naser
    Technical University of Madrid.
    On the Inference of Resource Usage Upper and Lower Bounds2013In: ACM Transactions on Computational Logic, ISSN 1529-3785, E-ISSN 1557-945X, Vol. 14, no 3, p. Article number 22-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cost analysis aims at determining the amount of resources required to run a program in terms of its input data sizes. The most challenging step is to infer the cost of executing the loops in the program. This requires bounding the number of iterations of each loop and finding tight bounds for the cost of each of its iterations. This article presents a novel approach to infer upper and lower bounds from cost relations. These relations are an extended form of standard recurrence equations that can be nondeterministic, contain inexact size constraints and have multiple arguments that increase and/or decrease. We propose novel techniques to automatically transform cost relations into worst-case and best-case deterministic one-argument recurrence relations. The solution of each recursive relation provides a preciseupper-bound and lower-bound for executing a corresponding loop in the program. Importantly, since the approach is developed at the level of the cost equations, our techniques are programming language independent.

  • 469.
    Albertsson, Linda
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kroppsuppfattning hos pojkar på gymnasiet och dess relation till självkänsla, narcissism och BMI2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kroppsuppfattningen handlar om hur en person ser på sin egen kropp. Höga nivåer av narcissism har tidigare sammankopplats med låga nivåer av kroppsmissnöje och höga nivåer av självkänsla (A. L. Jackson, S. K. Ervin & N. C. Hodge, 1992). Enkät undersökning genomfördes med syfte att studera om nivån av kroppsmissnöje hos pojkar i åldrarna 16 till 19 år (n = 104) påverkades av graden av narcissism samt graden av bas- och förvärvad självkänsla och nivån av BMI. Resultaten visade att narcissism var svagt korrelerande med både bas- och förvärvad självkänsla. Det fanns ingen skillnad mellan vare sig åldersgrupperna eller BMI nivåerna gällande nivån av kroppsmissnöje. Resultaten i den aktuella studien var överlag inte i linje med tidigare forskning.

  • 470.
    Albin, Barklund
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Adolfsson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Integrated Localization and Directed Communication for Acoustic Underwater Systems2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 471.
    Albinsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sundkvist, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att ha det modigaste modet: En fenomenografisk intervjustudie om vårdkultur utifrån distriktssköterskors uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 472.
    Albornoz, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Ericson, Lina
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Språk och språkutveckling för elever i förskoleklass: Vilka språkutvecklande metoder och aktiviteter tar personalen med in i klassrummen2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a socio-cultural perspective and the purpose was to show what the preschool class staff using for methods and activities to promote the students' language and language development. To carry out the study, a quantitative survey was used with mostly closed questions but also some open questions. The questionnaire was sent out to staff working in preschool classes. The questionnaires were sorted on the basis of which of the study's question they belonged to and the answers were analyzed, using descriptive statistics. The results showed that teachers in the preschool class, among other things, uses the Bornholm model, group and couple work as well as sound plays to promote pupils' language and language development in preschool class. Several of the teachers use the same methods. Even on the open questions, several of the respondents described the similar activities and methods.

  • 473.
    Al-Chalabi, H
    et al.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ahmadzadeh, Farzaneh
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lundberg, J.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Ghodrati, B.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Economic lifetime prediction of a mining drilling machine using an artificial neural network2014In: International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment, ISSN 1748-0930, E-ISSN 1748-0949, Vol. 28, no 5, p. 311-322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study develops models for predicting the economic lifetime of drilling machines used in mining. It uses three cases, each represented by a MATLAB code, to develop an optimisation model. The resulting ORT is fed as input to an artificial neural network (ANN) and the results translated into a relatively simple equation. The study finds that increasing the purchase price and decreasing the operating and maintenance costs will increase a machine's ORT linearly. Decreased maintenance cost has the largest impact on ORT, followed by increased purchase price and decreased operating cost. The ANN method gives a series of basic weight and response functions which can be made available to any engineer without the use of complicated software. It also helps decision-makers determine the best time economically to replace an old machine with a new one; thus, it can be extended to more general applications in the mining industry.

  • 474.
    Aldea, M.
    et al.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Bernat, G.
    University of York.
    Broster, I.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain .
    Burns, A.
    University of York.
    Dobrin, Radu
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Drake, J. M.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain .
    Fohler, Gerhard
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Gai, P.
    ReTiS Lab, Scuola Superiore sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    Harbour, M. G.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain .
    Guidi, G.
    ReTiS Lab, Scuola Superiore sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy.
    Gutierrez, J. J.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Lennvall, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Lipari, G.
    ReTiS Lab, Scuola Superiore sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy .
    Martinez, J. M.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain .
    Medina, J. L.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain.
    Palencia, J. C.
    Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain .
    Trimarchi, M.
    ReTiS Lab, Scuola Superiore sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy .
    FSF: A real-time scheduling architecture framework2006In: Real-Time Technology and Applications - Proceedings, 2006, p. 113-124Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Scheduling theory generally assumes that real-time systems are mostly composed of activities with hard real-time requirements. Many systems are built today by composing different applications or components in the same system, leading to a mixture of many different kinds of requirements with small parts of the system having hard real-time requirements and other larger parts with requirements for more flexible scheduling and for quality of service. Hard real-time scheduling techniques are extremely pessimistic for the latter part of the application, and consequently it is necessary to use techniques that let the system resources be fully utilized to achieve the highest possible quality. This paper presents a framework for a scheduling architecture that provides the ability to compose several applications or components into the system, and to flexibly schedule the available resources while guaranteeing hard real-time requirements. The framework (called FSF) is independent of the underlying implementation, and can run on different underlying scheduling strategies. It is based on establishing service contracts that represent the complex and flexible requirements of the applications, and which are managed by the underlying system to provide the required level of service.

  • 475.
    Alderisi, Giuliana
    et al.
    University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Girs, Svetlana
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Lo Bello, Lucia
    University of Catania, Catania, Italy.
    Uhlemann, Elisabeth
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Björkman, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Probabilistic Scheduling and Adaptive Relaying for WirelessHART Networks2015In: 20th IEEE International Conference on Emerging Technologies and Factory Automation ETFA'15, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deals with a way to probabilistically guarantee reliable packet delivery in WirelessHART based networks suitable for industrial control systems. We propose a new scheduling scheme, called Iterative Probabilistic Scheduling with Adaptive Relaying (IPS-AR), which consists of a static part (IPS) and a dynamic part (AR). IPS takes into account the channel characteristics and exploits relaying to achieve a minimum reliability threshold as requested by the supported industrial application. In the AR part, each relay node decides the packet to be sent based on online assessment of both the number of consecutive errors experienced by previous packets belonging to the same flow, as well as the number of copies of the packet currently available at the other relay nodes. This enables IPS-AR to achieve the desired reliability level while using the available re-sources in terms of time and bandwidth more efficiently.

  • 476. Alderman, I.
    et al.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Utveckling av instrument för kartläggning av tidsuppfattning hos sexåringar2004Report (Other academic)
  • 477.
    Alderman, Iréne
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Utveckling av instrument för kartläggningen av tidsuppfattning hos sexåringar2004Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister)Student thesis
  • 478.
    Aldin-Lundgren, Ida
    Mälardalen University, Department of Mathematics and Physics.
    Laborativt material i matematikundervisningen - med fokus på geobrädet2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    yftet med detta arbete var att undersöka hur geobrädet fungerar i praktiken. För att få en inblick i hur det kan vara att arbeta med geobrädet, valde jag att gå ut på min partnerskola i 2 och utföra en kvalitativ undersökning. Denna undersökning bestod i att hålla ett antal lektioner där geobrädet var i fokus. Jag har också utfört en litteraturstudie för att få bättre inblick i det laborativa materialets betydelse för elevers matematikutveckling. Resultatet av min undersökning visade att eleverna blev mycket engagerade och aktiva och att de tyckte att arbetet med geobrädet var roligt och spännande. Jag som blivande lärare lärde mig också mycket om hur jag kan använda geobrädet i mitt kommande yrke och vad som är bra att tänka på när man arbetar med detta laborativa material. De slutsatser som jag kan dra efter att ha utfört detta examensarbete är att elever verkligen uppskattar att få laborera och prova saker på egen hand. Dessutom har jag som blivande pedagog blivit ännu mer övertygad om att det laborativa materialet har stor betydelse för elevernas matematiska utveckling.

  • 479.
    Aldén, Anna
    et al.
    University of Kalmar, Sweden.
    Gonzalez, Lorena
    University of Kalmar, Sweden.
    Persson, Anna
    Ellco Food, Sweden.
    Christensson, Kerstin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Ellco Food, Sweden.
    Holmqvist, Olov
    ProLiff AB, Sweden.
    Ohlson, Sten
    University of Kalmar, Sweden.
    Porcine platelet lysate as a supplement for animal cell culture2007In: Cytotechnology (Dordrecht), ISSN 0920-9069, E-ISSN 1573-0778, Vol. 55, no 1, p. 3-8Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A novel supplementation of cell growth media based on a porcine platelet lysate was developed for culture of animal-derived cells. The platelet lysate was produced from porcine blood and contained lysate of platelets and plasma components. It showed satisfactory microbiological integrity and it carried only low amount of endotoxins (<10 EU/mL). The porcine platelet lysate supported well proliferation of Vero (African green monkey transformed kidney epithelial cells), Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and hybridoma cells comparable to fetal bovine serum (FBS). Platelet lysate shows promise as a viable choice over FBS as it can be produced in large quantities, high lot-to-lot consistency and with an attractive price structure. Furthermore it is a strong alternative to FBS for ethical reasons. It is expected that it can be used as a general supplementation for most animal cells for research studies on the proliferation of cells and their expression of products.

  • 480.
    Aldén, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hagström, Therese
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Stämplad som missbrukare: En kvalitativ studie om missbrukares upplevelser kring stämpling2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    I vår studie har vi valt att undersöka om manliga missbrukare, som genomför en behandling på en institution i Mellansverige, anser att de blir stämplade och vilka de anser att det är som utför den. Om det är nära och kära, myndigheter och/eller dem själva. Vi vill belysa vilka känslor och tankar de intervjuade personerna har kring ämnet stämpling. Vi har sett på faktorer som, hur de skulle definiera begreppet missbrukare och hur de är i relation till det begreppet. Vi har även undersökt om de har eller har haft några strategier för att undanhålla och/eller mörka sitt missbruk.

     

    Vi valde att göra tematiskt strukturerade intervjuer där vi utgick från teman. Utifrån dessa utförde vi sedan en hermeneutisk tolkning och analys av de empiriska data vi fick fram.

     

    Resultaten visar på att alla respondenter känner sig stämplade på ett eller flera sätt. Alla ser sig själva som missbrukare, vilket innebär att alla stämplar sig själva. Vad det gäller stämpling från nära och kära är det endast hälften av respondenterna som anser sig vara stämplade därifrån och att denna stämpling är den mest känslomässigt jobbiga. Majoriteten anser sig även bli stämplade av myndigheter, men denna stämpling upplevs inte lika känslomässigt jobbig. Alla respondenter uppger sig använda olika strategier för att undanhålla och mörka sitt missbruk för omgivningen. Strategierna kan även användas för att berättiga missbruket för dem själva, vilket är en typ av självstämpling. De flesta av de resultat vi kommit fram till utifrån tolkningarna av de empiriska data vi fått fram, stämmer överrens med vår förförståelse vi hade innan denna undersökning inleddes.

  • 481.
    Aldén, Elin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Larsson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Pedagogers syn på elevers utanförskap2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 482.
    Alemzadeh, H.
    et al.
    University of Virginia, United States.
    Barbosa, R.
    University of Coimbra, Portugal.
    Brancati, F.
    Resil Tech S.r.l, Italy.
    Gallina, Barbara
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Lawford, M.
    McMaster University, Canada.
    Natella, R.
    Federico II University of Naples, Italy.
    Netkachova, K.
    City University of London, United Kingdom.
    Pietrantuono, R.
    Federico II University of Naples, Italy.
    Silva, N.
    CRITICAL Software S.A, Portugal.
    Message from the WoSoCer workshop organizers2017In: Proceedings - 2017 IEEE 28th International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering Workshops, ISSREW 2017, p. xxxviii-, article id 8109232Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 483.
    Alemzadeh, H.
    et al.
    University of Virginia, Virginia, United States.
    Gallina, Barbara
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Natella, R.
    Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Netkachova, K.
    University of London, London, United Kingdom.
    Pietrantuono, R.
    Federico II University of Naples, Naples, Italy.
    Silva, N.
    CRITICAL Software S.A., Portugal.
    Message from the WoSoCer 2018 Workshop Chairs2018In: Proceedings - 29th IEEE International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering Workshops, ISSREW 2018, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2018, article id 8539151Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 484.
    Alentun, Niklas
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Några lärares attityder och tankar kring de nationella proven2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna uppsats är en kvalitativ studie vars syfte är att undersöka några lärares attityder gente-mot de nationella proven. Semistrukturella intervjuer genomfördes med sex olika lärare på olika stadier inom skolan. Resultaten visade att många respondenter uppfattar de nationella proven som tidskrävande, men att de konkretiserar betygskriterier och målformuleringar på ett tillfredsställande vis. Dessutom bidrar de nationella proven till att försöka skapa en gemensam standard för alla skolor i Sverige. Överlag var respondenterna positivt inställda till de nation-ella proven, men hade också tankar om hur provsystemet kan förbättras, och konkreta förslag gavs. Bland annat ville respondenterna underlätta för elever med annan bakgrund än svensk vad gäller den språkliga biten, samt variera texterna som de nationella proven är uppbyggda kring.

  • 485. Aleti, Aldeida
    et al.
    Björnander, Stefan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Grunske, Lars
    Meedeniya, Indika
    ArcheOpterix: An Extendable Tool for Architecture Optimization of AADL Models2009In: Proceedings of the 2009 ICSE Workshop on Model-Based Methodologies for Pervasive and Embedded Software, MOMPES 2009, 2009, p. 61-71Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 486.
    Alex, Thelin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att leva med dialys: En litteraturstudie om patienters förluster och begränsningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a large group of patients in Sweden that are treated due to their chronic renal failure.  Adequate kidney function is life essential and therefore dialysis will be initiated to compensate the kidneys deficiency among those patients. Haemodialysis is conducted at a dialysis clinic and patients go there for treatment 3 times a week in an average. Problem: For the individuals bound to dialysis it is likely that the treatment could lead to an obligate to adjust one’s life for the treatment. This adjustment could potentially create suffering due to limitations in life of the patient. Aim: The purpose was to create an overviewing understanding of patients’ experiences towards everyday life when treated with dialysis. Result: Patients undergoing dialysis experience that they are depending on other people. Patients expressed that they were restricted to a life where everything was experienced only through a patient perspective. Conclusions: Nursing recourses must be gathered against patient self-efficacy deficiency and motivation so that patient participates in care. Understanding patient’s experiences helps to identify self-efficacy deficiency. 

  • 487.
    Alexander, Karlsson
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Design and Development of a Wireless Multipoint E-stop System for Autonomous Haulers2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Safety-related functions are important in autonomous industrial applications and are featured in an extensive body of work contained within the standards. The implementation of safety-related systems is commonly done by an external company at a great cost and with limited flexibility. Thus, the objective of this thesis was to develop and implement a safety-related system using o-the-shelf products and to analyse how well it can comply with the established standards of safety-related functions. This work has sought to review the current standards for safety-functions, the eectsof harsh radio environments on safety-related systems, and how to validate the safety-function.The system development process was used to gain knowledge by rst building the concept based on pre-study. After the pre-study was nished, the process moved to the development of software, designed to maintain a wireless heartbeat as well as to prevent collisions between the autonomous and manual-driven vehicles at a quarry, and implementation of the system in real hardware. Finally, a set of software (simulations) and hardware (measurements in an open-pit mine) tests were performed to test the functionality of the system. The wireless tests showed that the system adhered to the functional requirements set by the company, however, the evaluated performance level according to ISO 13849-1 resulted in performance level B which is insucient for a safety-related function. This work demonstrates that it is not possible to develop a safety-related system using the off-the-shelf products chosen, without hardware redundancy.

  • 488.
    Alexanderson, H.
    et al.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, KI Physiotherapy Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Björklund, Annika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Hälsopoolen Rehabil Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ottosson, C.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Rheumatol Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Dastmalchi, M.
    Karolinska Inst, Rheumatol Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lundberg, I. E.
    Karolinska Inst, Rheumatol Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
    FATIGUE IN ADULT IDIOPATHIC INFLAMMATORY MYOPATHIES2015In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 74, p. 106-106Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 489.
    Alexandersson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Brolin, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Språkutvecklande arbetssätt för elever med språkstörning2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärares kompetens är avgörande för att kunna bedriva god undervisning för elever i svårigheter, men överlag är kunskapen låg när det gäller elever med språkstörning. Vårt syfte med denna studie har varit att utifrån ett sociokulturellt perspektiv beskriva olika yrkesgruppers uppfattningar om språkstörning men också att lyfta fram hur en språk- och kunskapsutvecklande undervisning kan se ut för eleverna. Ytterligare ett syfte har varit att fokusera på framgångsfaktorer som kan bidra till att elever undviker skolmisslyckanden. Vi har valt att skriva en kvalitativ uppsats eftersom vi ville få fatt på uppfattningar som olika yrkesgrupper såsom; speciallärare, logopeder och talpedagoger har. Vi genomförde vår undersökning genom grupp/parintervjuer och observationer. Vi valde att göra ett strategiskt urval då vi ville möta olika yrkesgrupper som hade stor erfarenhet av vårt intresseområde. Därför besökte vi två tal- och språkklasser. Vi intervjuade även personer som driver ett projekt för att hitta hållbara metoder som gynnar elevgruppen. Deltagarna beskrev elevgruppens svårigheter med språket som svårt med språkförståelsen, uttal, litet ordförråd, ordmobiliseringssvårigheter, litet arbetsminne och behov av struktur. De poängterade att en anpassad undervisning är viktig och de genomför den med hjälp av ord- och begreppsförklaringar, ger eleverna förförståelse, repetition och bildstöd. De framgångsfaktorer som deltagarna framhöll var vikten av repetition, goda relationer och ett gott samarbete kollegor emellan. Det sociokulturella perspektivet genomsyrar vår studie på så sätt att samspel är viktigt för att lärande ska ske och detta syns på organisationsnivå, gruppnivå och individnivå. Även känslan av sammanhang [KASAM]blir synligt genom att deltagarna gör undervisningen begriplig genom mycket bildstöd, gör den hanterbar genom relationerna och slutligen meningsfull genom samspelet.

  • 490.
    Alexandersson, Elin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Olsson, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Matematik i förskolan: - ur förskollärares perspektiv2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att utforska förskollärares perspektiv på arbetet med matematiken i förskolan. Studien har utforskat hur förskollärare arbetar med matematik för att tillvarata, synliggöra och främja barns lärande och utveckling i förskolans verksamhet. Detta är en kvalitativ studie där sex stycken förskollärare intervjuats för att ta reda på deras perspektiv kring arbetet med att synliggöra och tillvarata matematik för att främja barnens lärande och utveckling. Resultatet visade att matematiken har en naturlig del i förskollärares vardagsarbete och att matematiska begrepp var en central del i barns lärande och utveckling i matematik. Att skapa möjligheter att uppleva matematik på ett positivt sätt har förskollärarna uttryckt som betydelsefullt. Förskollärarna i studien har beskrivit att barnen redan i förskolan kan ges förutsättning till ett lustfyllt lärande i matematik som grund för vidare lärande. Slutsatser som kan ställas utifrån denna studie är att en medvetenhet kring arbetet med matematik i förskolan är viktigt för att främja barns lärande och utveckling i matematik.

  • 491.
    alexandersson, jonathan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    wiman, freddy
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    FYSIOTERAPEUTERS BESKRIVNING AV SITT ARBETE MED REHABILITERINGEN AV PATIENTER MED MEDIALA KOLLATERALLIGAMENT-SKADOR: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Injury to the Medial Collateral Ligament (MCL) are one of the most common knee injuries and mainly affect younger athletes. One of the physiotherapists' roles in rehabilitation is to look at the whole of the human being, which includes biomedical, psychological and social aspects, in order to ensure a good medical care. Purpose: To investigate how physiotherapists describe their work with rehabilitation of patients with MCL injuries. Method: The design of the study was a qualitative interview study, with an inductive approach. Data collected from six interviews of physiotherapists was analysed using a qualitative content analysis. An appropriate convenience sample was used in the selection of interviewees. Result / conclusion: The study's results consisted of four categories with two subcategories within each. The names of the categories were "Identifying need of and work with supporting biopsychosocial factors", "Adapting rehabilitation to the patient's possibilities regarding training and various activities", "Working with reducing fear, worry and increasing the patient’s confidence regarding their knees" and "Working with the patients' motivation". It was shown in the results that consideration was taken by the interviewees regarding the patient’s biomedical and psychosocial factors.

  • 492.
    Alexandra, Björsell
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Attraktivare miljörum. En studie i hur ett miljörum kan göras mer användbart, som ett led i att öka intresset för källsortering.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study in how a room for recycling can be designed as a way tocommunicate and make it easier for users to sort their waste. The long-termgoal for the room is to further encourage the users and increase their interestfor recycling. For this study a room for recycling at SGS Studentbostäder inGothenburg has been chosen. Currently, the room does not communicate itspurpose clearly, and has several problems causing low usability.The main focus of this study is to improve the usability of the room, and also tomake it more attractive. The research question that has been answered is “Howcan a recycling room be designed so that it can communicate and make it easierfor the user to quickly and efficiently sort their waste; and thus become moreusable?”By combining the results of both a literature review and empirical investigations,this study have resulted in two different design suggestions for the investigatedroom. Both design suggestions addresses the problems that were identified duringthe empirical study of the room, but in slightly different ways depending on thelevel of change that is wanted by the property owner. The overarching design ideahas been to introduce a clear and thorough color coding, with attention to smalldetails that have big impact.

  • 493.
    Alf, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Urby, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Så påverkar amorteringskravet bostadspriserna vid möjliga ränteförändringar: En kvantitativ studie med regressionsanalys och prognostisering av framtida bostadspriser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 494.
    Alfthan, Frida
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ta på historien - inkluderande design på museum2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete redogör för hur en stadshistorisk utställning kan utformas för att kommunicera sitt innehåll till målgruppen utrikes födda med bristande kunskaper i svenska. Undersökningen mål är att hitta riktlinjer som visualiserar ett koncept för denna typ av utställning. I undersökningen behandlas den lokalhistoriska utställningen ”Se Eskilstuna” på Eskilstuna stadsmuseum. Utställningen används idag som undervisningsmaterial för studenter från SFI; svenska för invandrare. Idag har utställningen brister som gör att den inte uppfyller den specifika målgruppens behov. Genom låg kontrast och struktur samt att den idag till stor del utgår från text, försvåras möjligheten att kommunicera sitt innehåll till målgruppen. I detta arbete diskuteras främst utställningens rumsliga formgivning, men även hur innehållet påverkar förståelsen för utställningen. Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka hur en utställning på bästa sätt kan förmedla information om platsen och platsens historia, utan att enbart förlita sig till kompletterande text-information. Detta för att underlätta för målgruppen att ta till sig innehållet. Med hjälp av tydligare struktur, och genom att skapa grupperingar och ett visuellt narrativ, skapas ökade förutsättningar för målgruppen att ta till sig utställningens innehåll. I undersökningen kombineras teorier om kognitiva processer, distribuerad kognition och affordans som vetenskaplig utgångspunkt. Genom kvalitativa metoder i form av fokusgrupp och öppen observation har en förståelse för målgruppen och dess behov skapats. Genom en platsanalys har brister i den existerande utställningsmiljön identifierats och en förståelse för rummet formulerats. Med stöd av litteratur och metodresultat har sedan ett designförslag skapats.

  • 495.
    Algernon, Caroline
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Vorbrodt, Elin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Parkegren, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Artificiell Intelligens Underlättar Rekrytering: -En kvantitativ undersökning om attityder gentemot informationsdelning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research questions:  How do individuals' attitudes, towards information sharing online and towards information sharing when using recruitment services driven by AI differ?How does the attitudes differ, depending on socioeconomic factors?  

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare how attitudes differ towards information sharing and information sharing when using recruitment services driven by AI. It will be studied based on socioeconomic factors to see how education-, occupation- and income levels affect the attitudes. It can contribute with insights on how individuals relate to private data being processed by non-human intelligence, in a society where automatic processing of information is becoming more common. Recruitment companies can also get an idea of how different potential target groups can react to such type of servi

    Method: This research was conducted by a quantitative research method. Attitudes were measured through an online survey where a convenience sample was applied by sharing the survey on Facebook. The answers were analysed in SPSS, where frequencies and central tendencies were identified and compared.

    Conclusion: Individuals have more positive attitudes towards information sharing when using recruitment services driven by AI, then they have to general information sharing online. Attitudes differ depending on the socioeconomic factors, level of education and level of occupation. Individuals with a high level of education and those with a high qualification level of occupation have more positive attitudes than those with low level of education and low qualification level of occupation. Income level have no impact on the attitude components. For companies that offer recruitment services driven by AI, it is best to target the ones with a high level of education and a high occupational qualification level, since they are the ones most likely to use the service.

  • 496.
    Algurén, Martina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Holmberg, Hannah
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Sahlén, Rebecca
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Internationaliseringsprocessen: En kvalitativ studie om organisationskulturella skillnader och likheter som påverkar svenska småföretags etablering på den finska marknaden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 497.
    Al-Hadad, Rami
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Raphael, Rafi
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Ett moment där kunskapen utvecklas, eller inte?: En kvalitativ studie om matematiklärarnas syn på elevernas kunskapsutveckling inom matematik.2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna kvalitativa studie är att få ökad kunskap om hur lärare från årskurs 4–6 tänker kring arbetsformen grupparbete inom matematik. Detta genomförs med hjälp av en kvalitativ strukturerad intervjumetod med 4 matematiklärare. Utifrån resultaten kan det konstateras att matematiklärarna är ganska överens om hur grupparbete funkar samt hur deras elevers kunskaper utvecklas genom denna arbetsform. Vår slutsats är att elever lär sig mycket utav att delta i grupparbeten bland annat att samarbeta med andra barn. Detta uppnås på bästa sätt genom att dela in grupperna efter kunskapsnivån och anpassa uppgifterna efter elevernas nivå.

  • 498.
    Alhadai, Media
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Nynäs, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Trygghetens betydelse för lärande och utveckling i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om sambandet mellan trygghet och lärande i förskolan2017Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien har varit att studera pedagogers uppfattning omsambandet mellan trygghet, lärande och utveckling i förskolan. Åtta pedagoger på fyra förskolor intervjuades om sina åsikter kring trygghet, lärande och utveckling i förskolan och om hur de arbetar för att skapa trygghet i verksamheten. Pedagogerna poängterade att föräldrarnas känsla av trygghet i barnens förskola i sin tur leder till trygga barn. Resultatet visar att pedagogerna såg tryggheten som en grund för barns lärande och utveckling i förskolan.

  • 499.
    Ali, Lana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Nader, Nurhan
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Knese, Lisa
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Skapandet av förtroende i en kundrelation för nystartade företag i bemanningsbranschen: En kvalitativ studie om hur förtroende skapas mellan nystartade företag och kunder i bemanningsbranschen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den höga konkurrensen på marknaden har bidragit till att nystartade bemanningsföretag upplever en svårighet i att skapa en stark och långvarig relation till sina potentiella kunder. Detta har medfört till att de flesta företag har börjat lägga mer vikt på mötet med kunden för att uppfylla kundens behov och därmed skapa ett förtroende. Studiens syfte är att utifrån ett företagsperspektiv undersöka hur nystartade företag inom bemanningsbranschen arbetar med förtroende i sina kundrelationer. Vidare ämnar studien att undersöka vilket arbetssätt som har störst påverkan på skapandet av förtroende i en relation till kunden. Undersökningen baseras på en kvalitativ metod där semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med sex olika företag. Studien visade att de nystartade företagen arbetar oerhört snarlikt med de teorierna som valdes ut för att skapa ett förtroende. Däremot resulterade studien i en förståelse angående att kommunikation var det som företagen främst arbetar med för att skapa förtroende, både personlig (direkt) och digital kommunikation. Under studiens gång upptäcktes faktorer som skapar förtroende utöver de som valdes i teoriavsnittet som har tillkommit. Det har visat sig att hålla löften och att besitta goda referenser är av betydande vikt för nystartade företag när de vill bygga upp förtroende i sina kundrelationer.

  • 500.
    Ali Mohamed, Kaltum
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Psykosomatiska besvär i relation till socialt stöd bland högskolestudenter: En kvantitativ studie utifrån ett folkhälsovetenskapligt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Several international studies have shown that college students report mental illness such as psychosomatic symptoms. At the same time, there are differences among college students' perceived social support.

    Aim: The present study is intended to study psychosomatic symptoms and social support among college students, as well as whether there are any gender differences or correlations regarding psychosomatic symptoms and social support.

    Method: A quantitative research design was used to study psychosomatic symptoms and social support. The present study applied a cross-sectional design and data were collected through a survey. The sample consisted of 132 college students from Mälardalen University.

    Results: College students report to a greater extent that they have psychosomatic symptoms such as irritation or being in a bad mood, headache, feeling down, feeling nervous and having difficulty to sleep. Psychosomatic symptoms are more common among women than among men. The majority of college students have social support from their family and friends. The result showed that both women and men have about the same amount of social support from their family. All forms of social support from friends are more common among women than among men. The study showed that there is a positive correlation between psychosomatic symptoms and social support.

    Conclusions: Psychosomatic symptoms are common among college students at Mälardalen University. The study could not confirm that there are differences in the extent of social support from family. However, all forms of social support from friends are more common among women than among men.

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