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  • 301.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Zhang, J.
    Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China .
    Liu, J.
    Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China .
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Economic optimization of photovoltaic water pumping systems for irrigation2015Inngår i: Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, E-ISSN 1879-2227, Vol. 95, s. 32-41Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Photovoltaic water pumping technology is considered as a sustainable and economical solution to provide water for irrigation, which can halt grassland degradation and promote farmland conservation in China. The appropriate design and operation significantly depend on the available solar irradiation, crop water demand, water resources and the corresponding benefit from the crop sale. In this work, a novel optimization procedure is proposed, which takes into consideration not only the availability of groundwater resources and the effect of water supply on crop yield, but also the investment cost of photovoltaic water pumping system and the revenue from crop sale. A simulation model, which combines the dynamics of photovoltaic water pumping system, groundwater level, water supply, crop water demand and crop yield, is employed during the optimization. To prove the effectiveness of the new optimization approach, it has been applied to an existing photovoltaic water pumping system. Results show that the optimal configuration can guarantee continuous operations and lead to a substantial reduction of photovoltaic array size and consequently of the investment capital cost and the payback period. Sensitivity studies have been conducted to investigate the impacts of the prices of photovoltaic modules and forage on the optimization. Results show that the water resource is a determinant factor.

  • 302.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Olsson, A.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    An economic analysis of photovoltaic water pumping irrigation systems2016Inngår i: International Journal of Green Energy, ISSN 1543-5075, E-ISSN 1543-5083, Vol. 13, nr 8, s. 831-839Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT: Irrigation using the photovoltaic water pumping (PVWP) systems represents a sustainable and attractive solution, which can combat Chinese grassland desertification and promote a sustainable development of the agricultural sector. This paper investigates the economics of PVWP systems taking into consideration the effects of the key components on the initial capital cost (ICC), life cycle cost (LCC), and revenues. Sensitivity analyses are conducted regarding the crop yield and price, cost of photovoltaic modules, and system components included in the ICC. Results show that the cost of the PVWP system is the most sensitive parameter affecting the ICC under the assumptions made, especially the cost of the PV modules; whereas, the crop production and price affect the net present value (NPV) and payback period (PBP) clearly. The PVWP has surplus power output when the crop water demand is low or it is non-irrigation season. The potential benefit from selling the surplus electricity is also discussed. In addition, the indirect benefits of carbon sequestration and CO2 emission reduction by applying PVWP systems are addressed in this paper.

  • 303.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Olsson, Alexander
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Economic analysis of photovoltaic water pumping irrigation systems2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Irrigation through photovoltaic water pumping (PVWP) system represents one of sustainable and attractivesolutions regarding the problems related to the Chinese grassland desertification. This paper is to investigatethe economics of PVWP systems taking in consideration of the key parameters affecting the sizing, and furtherthe initial capital cost (ICC), the life cycle cost (LCC) and revenues. In particular photovoltaic (PV) modules cost,availability of the well and of the irrigation system, designing water-head, irrigated area and related waterdemand, fuel price and grass production are investigated for the sensitivity analysis. The possibility ofcombining water pumping with electricity production for maximizing benefits is also discussed. Both PVWP anddiesel water pumping (DWP) systems are compared in terms of ICC and LCC. LCC, sensitivity, break-even point(BEP), net present value (NPV) and payback period (PBP) analyses are used to compare and evaluate theeconomic feasibility of the different alternatives investigated. The results show that the availability of the welland the depth of the ground water resources are the most sensitive parameters affecting the initial capitalcosts whereas the grass production and incentives affect mainly the NPV and PBP. The co-benefits for carbonmitigation and carbon credit trading through implementing photovoltaic water pumping system for the Chinesegrassland are also addressed in this paper.

  • 304.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Olsson, Alexander
    Zhang, Chi
    Berretta, Sara
    Hailong, Li
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    On-grid photovoltaic water pumping systems for agricultural purposes: Comparison of the potential benefits under three different incentive schemes2014Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 305.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Quan, S. J.
    Georgia Institute of Technology, USA.
    Robbio, F. I.
    ABB AB, Västerås, Sweden.
    Lundblad, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Zhang, Y.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Ma, T.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Spatial optimization of residential urban district - Energy and water perspectives2016Inngår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 88, s. 38-43Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Many cities around the world have reached a critical situation when it comes to energy and water supply, threatening the urban sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to develop a spatial optimization model for the planning of residential urban districts with special consideration of renewables and water harvesting integration. In particular, the paper analyses the optimal configuration of built environment area, PV area, wind turbines number and relative occupation area, battery and water harvester storage capacities, as a function of electricity and water prices. The optimization model is multi-objective which uses a genetic algorithm to minimize the system life cycle costs, and maximize renewables and water harvesting reliability. The developed model can be used for spatial optimization design of new urban districts. It can also be employed for analyzing the performances of existing urban districts under an energy-water-economic viewpoint. Assuming a built environment area equal to 75% of the total available area, the results show that the reliability of the renewables and water harvesting system cannot exceed the 6475 and 2500 hours/year, respectively. The life cycle costs of integrating renewables and water harvesting into residential districts are mainly sensitive to the battery system specific costs since most of the highest renewables reliabilities are guaranteed through the energy storage system.

  • 306.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Varini, Maria
    Chiche, Ariel
    Zhang, Y.
    Zhang, Chi
    Lundblad, Anders
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    High Share Renewable Islands Through Synergies Between Energy Networks2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 307.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wästhage, Louise
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Nookuea, Worrada
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Tan, Y.
    Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Optimization and assessment of floating and floating-tracking PV systems integrated in on- and off-grid hybrid energy systems2019Inngår i: Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, E-ISSN 1471-1257, Vol. 177, s. 782-795Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the targets of Thailand in terms of renewable energy exploitation and decarbonization of the shrimp farming sector, this work evaluates several scenarios for optimal integration of hybrid renewable energy systems into a representative shrimp farm. In particular, floating and floating-tracking PV systems are considered as alternatives for the exploitation of solar energy to meet the shrimp farm electricity demand. By developing a dynamic techno-economic simulation and optimization model, the following renewable energy systems have been evaluated: PV and wind based hybrid energy systems, off-grid and on-grid PV based hybrid energy systems, ground mounted and floating PV based hybrid energy systems, and floating and floating-tracking PV based hybrid energy systems. From a water-energy nexus viewpoint, floating PV systems have shown significant impacts on the reduction of evaporation losses, even if the energy savings for water pumping are moderate due to the low hydraulic head. Nevertheless, the study on the synergies between water for food and power production has highlighted that the integration of floating PV represents a key solution for reducing the environmental impacts of shrimp farming. For the selected location, the results have shown that PV systems represent the best renewable solution to be integrated into a hybrid energy system due to the abundance of solar energy resources as compared to the moderate wind resources. The integration of PV systems in off-grid configurations allows to reach high renewable reliabilities up to 40% by reducing the levelized cost of electricity. Higher renewable reliabilities can only be achieved by integrating energy storage solutions but leading to higher levelized cost of electricity. Although the floating-tracking PV systems show higher investment costs as compared to the reference floating PV systems, both solutions show similar competiveness for reliabilities up to 45% due to the higher electricity production of the floating-tracking PV systems. The higher electricity production from the floating-tracking PV systems leads to a better competitiveness for reliabilities higher than 90% due to lower capacity requirements for the storage systems.

  • 308.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Yang, Z.
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Anders, Lundblad
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. KTH Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    An Open-source Platform for Simulation and Optimization of Clean Energy Technologies2017Inngår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 105, s. 946-952Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is to describe an open-source code for optimization of clean energy technologies. The model covers the whole chain of energy systems including mainly 6 areas: renewable energies, clean energy conversion technologies, mitigation technologies, intelligent energy uses, energy storage, and sustainability. Originally developed for optimization of renewable water pumping systems for irrigation, the open-source model is written in Matlab® and performs simulation, optimization, and design of hybrid power systems for off-grid and on-grid applications. The model uses genetic algorithm (GA) as optimization technique to find the best mix among power sources, storage systems, and back-up sources to minimize life cycle cost, and renewable power system reliability. 

  • 309.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem Engn, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Zhang, J.
    Univ Maryland, Dept Geog Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 USA..
    Yao, T.
    Sci Syst & Applicat Inc SSAI, Lanham, MD 20706 USA.;NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA..
    Andersson, S.
    Swedish Meteorol & Hydrol Inst, SE-60176 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Landelius, T.
    Swedish Meteorol & Hydrol Inst, SE-60176 Norrkoping, Sweden..
    Melton, F.
    NASA ARC CREST, Moffett Field, CA 94035 USA.;Calif State Univ Monterey Bay, Sch Nat Sci, Seaside, CA 93955 USA..
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Chem Engn, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Managing agricultural drought in Sweden using a novel spatially-explicit model from the perspective of water-food-energy nexus2018Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 197, s. 1382-1393Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a multi-disciplinary approach, this paper integrated spatial analysis with agricultural and energy system modelling to assess the impacts of drought on crop water demand, water availability, crop yield, and electricity requirements for irrigation. This was done by a novel spatially-explicit and integrated water-food-energy nexus model, using the spatial climatic data generated by the mesoscale MESAN and STRANG models. In this study, the model was applied to quantify the effects of drought on the Swedish irrigation sector in 2013, a typical drought year, for a specific crop. The results show that drought can severely affect the crop yield if irrigation is not applied, with a peak yield reduction of 18 t/ha, about 50 % loss as compared to the potential yield in irrigated conditions. Accordingly, the water and energy requirements for irrigation to halt the negative drought effects and maintain high yields are significant, with the peaks up to 350 mm and 700 kWh per hectare. The developed model can be used to provide near real-time guidelines for a comprehensive drought management system. The model also has significant potentials for applications in precision agriculture, especially using high-resolution satellite data.

  • 310.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Zhang, Jie
    Yao, Tian
    Andersson, Sandra
    Landelius, Tomas
    Melton, Forrest
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Modelling the water-food-energy nexus during agricultural drought in Sweden2018Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 311.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Zhu, Y.
    Chengdu University, China.
    Brugiati, Elena
    Università Degli Studi di Perugia, Italy.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    PV water pumping for irrigation equipped with a novel control system for water savings2014Inngår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 61, s. 949-952Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Typically, PV water pumping (PVWP) systems for irrigation are normally designed based on the worst conditions, such as high water demand and low solar irradiation. Therefore, the installed PVWP systems become oversized in most of time. Since the conventional control systems don't optimize the water supply, the water losses are increased. To remedy the problems related to the operation of the oversized systems, a novel control system is proposed. The control unit interacts between water demand and water supply in order to pump only the amount required by crops. Moreover, the novel control system substitutes the conventional protection approach with a method based on the ground water resources availability and response. The novel control system represents an innovative solution for water savings in PV watering applications.

  • 312.
    Campillo, Javier
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    From Passive to Active Electric Distribution Networks2016Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    Large penetration of distributed generation from variable renewable energy sources, increased consumption flexibility on the demand side and the electrification of transportation pose great challenges to existing and future electric distribution networks. This thesis studies the roles of several actors involved in electric distribution systems through electricity consumption data analysis and simulation models. Results show that real-time electricity pricing adoption in the residential sector offers economic benefits for end consumers. This occurs even without the adoption of demand-side management strategies, while real-time pricing also brings new opportunities for increasing consumption flexibility. This flexibility will play a critical role in the electrification of transportation, where scheduled charging will be required to allow large penetration of EVs without compromising the network's reliability and to minimize upgrades on the existing grid. All these issues add significant complexity to the existing infrastructure and conventional passive components are no longer sufficient to guarantee safe and reliable network operation. Active distribution networks are therefore required, and consequently robust and flexible modelling and simulation computational tools are needed for their optimal design and control. The modelling approach presented in this thesis offers a viable solution by using an equation-based object-oriented language that allows developing open source network component models that can be shared and used unambiguously across different simulation environments. 

  • 313.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Barberis, Stefano
    University of Genoa, Italy.
    Traverso, Alberto
    University of Genoa, Italy.
    Kyprianidis, Konstantinos
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Vassileva, Iana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Open-Source Modelling and Simulation of Microgrids and Active Distribution Networks2015Inngår i: Sustainable Places 2015, Conference Proceedings, Sigma Orionis , 2015, s. 91-99Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Distributed generation, and active distribution networks constitute an economic and technically viable alternative for reducing green house gases emissions and increase the use of renewable energy sources in local distribution grids. These active networks allow replacing large generators, usually located far from the consumption loads, thus considerably minimizing distribution losses and increase renewable energy penetration. However, designing and successfully controlling these complex networks, becomes a great engineering challenge; most computational modeling and simulation tools available for these systems are either focused on the individual generation components themselves, or the economic dispatch of multiple generators. Moreover, these tools often rely on closed source commercial software that use manufacturers' data for predefining the parameters of the models' components. This approach does not provide enough flexibility to users, since often is not possible to adjust these parameters. This paper presents object- oriented, component-based, open software components for simulating and optimizing the operation of active distribution networks, including multiple distributed generators and energy using the Modelica open-source modeling language. 

  • 314.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Danilov, D. L.
    University of Technology Eindhoven, Eindhoven, MB, Netherlands.
    Ghaviha, Nima
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Notten, P. H. L.
    University of Technology Eindhoven, Eindhoven, MB, Netherlands.
    Zimmerman, Nathan
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Battery technologies for transportation applications2016Inngår i: Technologies and Applications for Smart Charging of Electric and Plug-in Hybrid Vehicles, Springer International Publishing , 2016, s. 151-206Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    More than a fifth of the greenhouse emissions produced worldwide come from the transport sector. Several initiatives have been developed over the last few decades, aiming at improving vehicles’ energy conversion efficiency and improve mileage per liter of fuel. Most recently, electric vehicles have been brought back into the market as real competitors of conventional vehicles. Electric vehicle technology offers higher conversion efficiencies, reduced greenhouse emissions, low noise, etc. There are, however, several challenges to overcome, for instance: improving batteries’ energy density to increase the driving range, fast recharging, and initial cost. These issues are addressed on this chapter by looking in depth into both conventional and non-conventional storage technologies in different transportation applications. 

  • 315.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Ralf, Späth
    ABB.
    Smart Homes as Integrated Living Environments2015Inngår i: Handbook of Clean Energy Systems: Volume 4 - Intelligent Energy Systems: / [ed] Jinyue Yan, John Wiley & Sons, 2015Kapittel i bok, del av antologi (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 316.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Vassileva, Iana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Technology capacity assessment tool for developing city action plans to increase efficiency in mid-sized cities in Europe2016Inngår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 88, s. 16-22Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Transition towards energy efficient cities requires an effective upgrade of all the different areas of urban energy production, distribution and use. The paper presents a method for collecting the information required for analysing the technical variation of strengths and weaknesses in infrastructure capabilities in European medium-sized cities, as well as to help identify best practices and tools for enhancing the energy performance of city energy systems.

  • 317.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Wallin, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Vassileva, Iana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Is real-time electricity pricing suitable for residential users without demand-side management?2016Inngår i: Energy Journal, ISSN 0195-6574, E-ISSN 1944-9089, Vol. 109, s. 310-325Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The smart metering infrastructure in Sweden allows electricity providers to offer electricity RTP (real time pricing) to homeowners, together with other dynamic pricing contracts across the country. These contracts are supposed to encourage users to shift power consumption during peak hours to help balance the load in the power system. Of all the available contracts in Sweden, monthly-average price holds the largest share, in response to the low electricity prices during the last three years. It is not clear if RTP will become a popular dynamic pricing scheme since daily price fluctuations might keep customers away from this type of contract. Literature review suggests that RTP adoption is only beneficial when combined with the use of customer demand flexibility, but it does not provide enough information about users adopting RTP without changing their electricity usage profile. This paper studies the economic impact if customers would shift to RTP contracts without adopting demand-side management. To achieve this, electricity costs from a large group of households were calculated and compared between both pricing schemes using the hourly consumption data of a 7-year period. Results suggest that the RTP electricity contract offer a considerable economic savings potential even without enabling consumer demand-side management. 

  • 318.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Ghaviha, Nima
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Zimmerman, Nathan
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Flow batteries use potential in heavy vehicles2015Inngår i: Electrical Systems for Aircraft, Railway and Ship Propulsion, ESARS, 2015, s. Article number 7101496-Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Although batteries have been used in personal vehicles for more than a hundred years, the cost of the technology, limitation in range, absence of sufficient recharging infrastructure and rapid development of internal combustion engines during the mid-twentieth century limited its use to very niche applications. More recently, a global need for reducing CO2 emissions from fossil fuel usage and the great developments in power systems as well as in battery technology offers electric vehicles the possibility to return to the market, not just for personal use but also for a wide variety of transportation applications. In the present paper, a feasibility study for using flow batteries in heavy vehicles, more specifically, construction equipment is presented. The authors used measured energy demand profiles for different operation conditions of a wheel loader and developed a simulation model for a vanadium redox flow battery to test the performance of this vehicle using a flow battery. Additionally, the authors did a short theoretical analysis for the potential for flow batteries in train transportation, focusing on the requirements and limitations of the technology for this application.

  • 319.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Vassileva, Iana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Lundström, Lukas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Thyghesen, Richard
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Beyond the building–understanding building renovations in relation to urban energy systems2016Inngår i: Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning, ISSN 2069-3419, Vol. 2016, nr Spec. Iss. 5, s. 31-39Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    About 35% of Europe’s building stock is over 50 years old and consumes about 175 kWh/m2 for heating, between 3-5 times the amount required by the newly constructed buildings. Annually, between1 and 1.5% new buildings are built and only between 0.2 and 0.5% are removed, therefore the focus needs to be put on the renovation of the existing building stock. The implementation of energy conservation measures (ECMs) in the residential sector becomes a very important strategy to meet the EU´s 20% energy consumption reduction of the 20-20-20 goals. The main challenge, however, is to determine which of the ECMs strategies are the best to provide not just with the best energy consumption reduction, but also with the best environmental impact and economic benefits. This paper addresses this issue and analyses the impact of different ECMs by focusing not only on the buildings themselves, but on the energy supply network and the overall energy system as a whole. To achieve this, we review five case studies in Sweden that use different ECMs as well as other alternatives, such as: distributed generation (DG) and energy storage. Results suggest that although there is no standard protocol that would fit all renovation projects, the existing methodologies fall short to provide the best overall impact on the energy system and that a broader analysis of the local conditions should be carried out before performing large building renovation projects.

  • 320.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Wallin, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Torstensson, Daniel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Vassileva, Iana
    Facultad de Ingeniería, Universidad Tecnológica de Bolívar, Cartagena, Colomb.
    Energy Demand Model Design for Forecasting Electricity Consumption and Simulating Demand Response Scenarios in Sweden2012Inngår i: / [ed] J. Yan, 2012Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The introduction of a deregulated power system market and development of smart-metering technologies in Sweden, bring new opportunities for fully exploiting its power system efficiency and reliability, such as price-based demand response (DR) programs at a large scale for household, commercial and industrial users. 

    The deployments of these DR programs require, however, very accurate demand forecasting models. The traditional approach of obtaining the total energy use and peak demand does not offer the required detailed information. This article reviews several methodologies for forecasting electricity consumption from a bottom-up perspective in order to define the required parameters and structure for obtaining an energy model. This model will finally include energy usage data, behavioural parameters obtained from a survey conducted with 5 000 end-users in different Swedish distribution system operators’ areas, and physical conditions for the facilities (internal/external temperatures and insulation materials). This information is provided from previous research studies performed at Mälardalen University and Swedish electric utilities companies. 

    The obtained model should be able to adjust its parameters dynamically in order to simulate several demand-response scenarios based on four different strategies: time of use pricing, use of curtailable/interruptible rates, imposition of penalties for usage beyond predetermined levels, and real time pricing.

  • 321.
    Campillo, Javier
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Wallin, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Vassileva, Iana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Economic Impact of Dynamic Electricity Pricing Mechanisms Adoption fo rHouseholds in Sweden2013Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Global smart metering market growth has increased significantly over the past few years and the trend is expected to continue. Smart metering technology enables energy consumption feedback and the adoption of dynamic pricing mechanisms that encourages users to shift power consumption from peak-use times to lower-use times, in order to help balance the load in the power system. In Sweden particularly, the introduction of the new legislation and adoption of remote meters in 2009, in combination with more flexible pricing schemes, offer a great opportunity for users to reduce energy consumption during peak times, increase their energy efficiency and therefore reduce their overall cost. More recently, in 2012, Swedish energy providers started offering hourly spot-based electricity price to homeowners in order give them access to pricing mechanisms that are closer to the real cost of electricity supply. Additionally to hourly pricing, other dynamic pricing contracts are available for consumers all across the country; however, conventional agreements that use fixed-rates for electricity are still the most common. This paper analyzes the economic impact for consumers, if dynamic pricing, enabled through smart metering technologies, is adopted. To achieve this, electricity costs from a large group of households were calculated, using users’ hourly consumption data with both conventional fixed rates and real time pricing, in order to understand their impact on customers’ bills. Obtained results suggest that real time pricing has great savings potential, especially for years where summer rainfall and winter conditions are within average. However, in order to increase savings and have them consistent year after year, changes in user time-of-use consumption profile are required. Moreover, this research work leads to further analysis on dynamic pricing combined with demand response in order to optimize electricity costs.

  • 322.
    Canolli, Leonora
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Westman, Evelina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Det svarta fåret: En kvalitativ studie som skildrar konsulternas upplevelse av utanförskap gentemot kundföretaget2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Datum:                               2018-06-03

    Nivå:                                     Kandidatuppsats i Företagsekonomi, 15 hp

    Akademi:                         Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalens Högskola

    Författare:                      Leonora Canolli                                             Evelina Westman

    (96/07/15)                                                      (94/10/18)     

    Titel:                                    Det Svarta Fåret

    Handledare:                  Niklas Bomark

    Nyckelord:                      Konsult, Utanförskap, Identitet, Självkategorisering och Anställningsrelationer. 

    Forskningsfråga:      Hur upplever konsulterna utanförskap i kundföretaget de arbetar hos? Vilka faktorer kan tänkas få konsulter att uppleva ett utanförskap gentemot kundföretaget de arbetar hos?

    Syfte:                                   Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka och skapa en ökad förståelse kring hur konsulter som arbetar med samma uppdrag upplever utanförskap gentemot kundföretaget de utför uppdraget hos.

    Metod:                                Studien undersöker syftet med hjälp av en kvalitativ forskningsmetod och utgår från en induktiv ansats vilket betyder att de erfarenheter som insamlats ska leda fram till ett koncept under studiens gång.

    Slutsats:       Studiens slutsats är att faktorerna orättvisa, osäkerhet och stöttning kan vara av bidragande art till konsulters upplevelse av utanförskap gentemot kundföretaget de utför uppdraget hos.

  • 323.
    Cans, Hampus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hägglund, Anton
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Arbetsplatsomkostnader i byggprojekt: En studie om besparingsmöjligheter genom en effektiviserad och digitaliserad byggetablering2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to analyze savings opportunities in costs tied to the construction site. The purpose was also to investigate what effects a well-planned construction establishment could have on future projects. The thesis also highlighted possible difficulties in the rental process between building entrepreneurs and rental companies. A literature study of subject-relevant literature was initially conducted. The literature study highlights the various factors that costs tied to the construction site contains and theory of project planning and management. The current study covers interviews with persons in the construction industry. Respondents with different roles in the rental process were selected to study possible differences between the parties' opinions. A pattern was detected during the interviews with the respondents. They specifically noted six areas that have a potential to be improved and which can lead to lower costs. The areas were planning, communication, cost awareness, commitment, follow-up and digitization. The conclusions that this thesis has resulted in is that there are several factors to take account for in order to reduce costs tied to the construction site. For example, more time needs to be put into planning of construction projects and the planning process must be finished before the start of the construction. A completed planning will lead to fewer delays and thus lower costs. In order to achieve lower costs tied to the workplace a greater cost awareness is needed for everyone involved in the project. This creates a better understanding of how each persons’ individual decision affects the projects economy, which is needed to minimize unnecessary costs. By taking these factors into account, the savings potential will be increased.

    Keywords:   Building Engineering, Economy, Planning, Costs, Entrepreneur, Rental, Communication, Production, Construction Site

     

  • 324.
    Cardfelt, Viktor
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Boström, Patric
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Exploiting Opportunities in Green Building Certification: A study of how energy supply compaies can engage in the green building certification market.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 poäng / 30 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This study departed from a research basis being somewhat lacking in the context of green building certification and especially the two-folded problem, regarding the characteristics of the network of business relationships and how an energy supply company should exploit opportunities in this network context and its relationships. As such, the purpose of this study is to investigate and analyse the network context and its business relationship characteristics, as well as to present recommendations of how an energy supply company can engage green building certification and cope with the business relationships in order to exploit business opportunities. Based on previous research regarding the real estate industry, energy service industry and the construction industry, a well-founded literature base could be extended further by applying theoretical concepts related to business relationship elements and strategy-making. The nature of green building certification and to fulfil the purpose of the study, called for a qualitative research strategy performed through a multiple-case study design. This led to the investigation of four certification projects, subject to certifications in the systems of EU GreenBuilding and Miljöbyggnad, where the most important actors, relationships and project contents constitute the empirical data.

    The findings of this thesis suggest that the relationships are characterized as having a short-term focus and an avoidance to become interdependent. In this manner elements such as commitment and adaptation are shown as rather shallow, where actions of commitment are not typically short-term sacrifices for a long-term mutual benefit and adaptations mostly occur with respect to specific projects. The adaptive behaviour is also more or less explained as a standardized procedure, avoiding relationship specific investments. Trust is an important element mostly in order to reflect the competence of the counterpart, where previous successful projects indicate the skill and knowledge. Despite the characteristics of the relationships, the benefits of long-term, high involvement, cooperative relationships were highlighted as good aspects to consider in this context.

    These characteristics, along with outspoken market demands, acted as the basis for the development of recommendations for an energy supply company in terms of a step-wise action framework. In this sense, the first acknowledgement of the framework is that the current position related to green building certification projects of an energy supply company is rather unestablished, with only one exception found. This implies a strategic approach in terms of understanding how to develop and maintain their business relationships, with respect to the previously mentioned characteristics. Through a successful utilization of the action framework (with respect to certain barriers to overcome), this thesis emphasizes a wide range of opportunities such as to have a proactive approach, maintain interactions between projects, to develop the knowledge, to offer a holistic approach and to utilize long-term cooperative relational benefits. The analysis and framework is highly suitable when applied by an energy supply company, but the authors also argue for the findings to be of relevance also for other practitioners in the context of green building certification. In addition, the authors believe that the orientation of this thesis might be a trigger for future similar research approaches, applied in different contexts.

  • 325.
    Carey, Neil
    et al.
    Manchester Metropolitan University, UK.
    Koro-Ljungberg, Mirka
    Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA.
    Benozzo, Angelo
    University of Valle d’Aosta, Aosta, Italy.
    Taylor, Carol
    Sheffield Institute of Education, Sheffield Hallam University, UK.
    Cozza, Michela
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Fairchild, Nikki
    University of Chichester, UK.
    Elmenhorst, Constanse
    independent scholar, Norway.
    Autopsy goes rogue: a theatrical experiment on method2017Konferansepaper (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    A (mis)organized stream at a recent academic conference adopted a post-qualitative (in)sensibility in experimenting with how intentionally non-normative practices (more properly practicings) and a play with material objects might disrupt the smoothness of the academicconferencemachine.  One such experiment witnessed the re-assembly of fragmented male doll parts, previously distributed throughout the conference space, onto an ‘autopsy table’.  The autopsy table became a creative participatory theatre for/of doll parts that adopted a range of vital poses and shapes through/out the life of the conference – despite the absence of direction or instruction.  In this instance, the autopsy table featured more like its use in forensic anthropology than that in medical pathology.  This autopsy table was a site of epistemological re-assembly, of putting together thoughts, senses, and practices rather than –as well as by – cutting apart.

    In the proposed session, we re-turn the autopsy table and eschew the idea of ‘the paper’ in the first instance.  Instead, the presentation/performance/experiment/workshop explores the groping, creative assemblages and unpredictable onto-epistemological productivities available through the autopsy table – as a site of assembly and as metaphor – in thinking differently about what social science methods do, claim to do, and might want to do.  Participants – invited to the table to co-produce – will be asked to do so without the benefit of omniscient methodological directionality or ‘full sight’: positioned behind operating screens, and working with a range of materials out of sight.  Participants will thus be asked to rely on the wider bodily sensorium: on touch, on sound, on smell, on affect. 

    The autopsy table encounters envisioned owe a deeply ingrained debt to ‘the cut’: a familiar mainstay of mainstream social sciences that fabricates knowledge through the rigours of dissection, segmentation, conceptualisation, observation, operationalisation, bracketing and other technologies of control and separation.  However, the envisioned autopsical practicings also take seriously and experiment with Barad’s reworking ‘the cut’ as an enactment of contingent rather than absolute separation – of cutting together apart. Our experimentation draws on new materialist and posthuman theories that conceive phenomena as connected entities, emerging from cuts that never produce absolute separation. Phenomena, practices, and processes emerge at the intersection of politics of academic conferences, singular plural, fragmented models and incompletely and messy practising of inquiry, objects imbued with desire, discourses, history and culture. In Law’s (2004) terms the session enacts a ‘method assemblage’ that takes seriously the generative flux of the elusive and ephemeral world that we claim to know through the matrix of method.  The session instantiates a movement from (and threading through of) methodological fabrication toward an enacted stuttering and stammering ‘fabulation’ (Deleuze via O’Sullivan, 2016) for becoming (un)knowing.

  • 326.
    Carlsen, Inger-Marie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Efterpolering med våtmark: Hur kan det användas vid Haga reningsverk?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this report is to present a proposal for a constructed wetland as a complement toHaga treatment plants, Surahammar. First, a literature study in the subject was made andthen a case study was conducted, where Ekeby and Trosa wetland was visited. Parallel anarchival study was performed and several field visits were made to the proposed site toinvestigate the local conditions for constructing a wetland adjacent to Haga treatment plants.Finally, a proposal for the design of the constructed wetland was made. The proposalincludes an oxygenating area for reduction of ammonium to nitrate followed by a system ofdams and channels to convert nitrate to nitrogen diffuses into the air. Phosphorus removaltakes place throughout the residence time in the wetland, as well as reduction of the bacterialload. Expected results for the outgoing water from the wetland is that P-tot can be reduced to0.10-0.11 mg / l, N-tot can be reduced to 11-14 mg / l, a reduction of E. coli, fecal streptococciand intestinal streptococci by 70-99% and a little reduction of residues from drugs take placedue to oxygenation and the UV-irradiation of the water.

  • 327.
    Carlson, E. -S
    et al.
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Safety & Transport, Borås, Sweden; Lund Univ, Div Fire Safety Engn, Lund, Sweden.
    Kumm, Mia
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Safety & Transport, Borås, Sweden.
    Zakirov, A.
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Safety & Transport, Borås, Sweden; KTH Royal Inst Technol, Dept Civil & Architectural Engn, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Dederichs, A.
    RISE Res Inst Sweden, Div Safety & Transport, Borås, Sweden; Tech Univ Denmark, Dept Civil Engn, Lyngby, Denmark.
    Evacuation tests with elevated platforms in railway tunnels2019Inngår i: Fire safety journal, ISSN 0379-7112, E-ISSN 1873-7226, Vol. 108, artikkel-id 102840Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the purpose to increase the knowledge on human behaviour when evacuating along elevated platforms, an experiment was carried out at the subway station of Skarpnäck, Stockholm, in October 2016. The overall project objective was to develop basic data for guidelines regarding fire safety design concerning evacuation along elevated platforms. The experiment was designed as a group experiment divided into five different scenarios. In total, 111 persons of mixed gender and age participated. The results from the experiment show that the flow rate along the elevated platform decreased as the walkway was getting narrower. It could also be seen that along the first half of the walkway, where a train was located on the rail track next to the elevated platform, the flow rate was higher and the width of the walkway was used to a lager extent compared to the second half of the walkway where the platform was open to the track area. One of three wheelchair users who participated in the experiment expressed discomfort caused by the height and the width of the walkway and nearly half of the participants experienced problems with passing others walking slower than themselves. 

  • 328.
    Carlsson, Isac
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Pehrsson, Viktor
    Wik, Erik
    Digitaliseringen av den svenska ekonomutbildningen: Digitaliseras utbildningen i samma takt som revisionsbranschen utifrån lärosätenas perspektiv?2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 329.
    Carlsson, Rebecca
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Jaring, Therese
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Lyx, Lyx, Lyx: En kvalitativ studie kring hur konsumenter uppfattar att lyxvarumärkens status påverkas av den ökade exponeringen på sociala medier.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie har undersökt hur konsumenter uppfattar den ökade exponeringen av lyxvarumärken på sociala medier och hur det har påverkat ett lyxvarumärkes status. Detta har undersökts med hjälp av en kvalitativ ansats och det empiriska materialet samlades in genom att utföra 12 semi-strukturerade intervjuer. Informanterna blev utvalda utifrån deras vanor på sociala medier samt deras vilja att följa trender. Det författarna till denna uppsats kom fram till var att ett lyxvarumärke inte påverkas negativt av att synas mycket på sociala medier, utan det är snarare produkten i sig som tappar status och blir otrendig. 

  • 330.
    Castoe, Minna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Sanyal, Aalekhya
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    The Impact of Immigration on Income Inequality: Evidence from Sweden and the United States2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies data from a 25-year period in the history of Sweden and the US, ranging from 1993 to 2017. The aim of the thesis was to investigate the impact of immigration on the income inequality of the respective countries while also considering the impact of other specific variables. In order to estimate the impact of the variables, both static and dynamic models were used, with the Gini coefficient being the dependent variable. With the ordinary least square giving short-run estimates and the error correction model providing short- and long- run estimates simultaneously, the main variable for immigration, being the foreign-born population, showed a strong positive relationship with income inequality. For the estimation, the immigration variable was also split into high- and low-skilled immigrants as well as different age groups. In conclusion, we find that immigration in Sweden and the US has high levels of influence on the income inequality for both countries.

  • 331.
    Cavic, Petra
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Bergman, Belinda
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Spill- och avfallshantering: Hantering på byggarbetsplatser för nybyggnation av bostäder och kontor2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this degree work was to compare and investigate what kind of waste that is produced on construction sites of two different types of buildings. The investigation was made to see if there were any differences between the two and how improvements with their waste management could be made. This degree work was conducted by gathering the proper information about waste and waste management, both general and specified to building waste. Information was mainly found in both papers and reports from authorities and municipalities as well as from previous degree works in the same subject. Research about which laws, regulations and requirements that are in place and relevant to this degree work was also conducted. Interviews at the two construction sites were made to see how waste management actually works on site. The research was also conducted to get first-hand information that is current to compare with previous research on the subject says. Both Västerås and Örebro municipality have their own specified waste plan that the building companies in respective municipality has to follow. The two construction sites in question differ in distance to the city centre since one is located centrally and the other approximately five kilometres from the city centre. They also differ in size of construction site, the centrally situated building site has buildings surrounding it making the space to work with small. This compared to the construction site outside of the city centre that is a part of a newer district with lots of space available. Concluded the waste management are similar to each other, with some exceptions regarding sorting of some fractions, such as glass and corrugated paper. The two constructions are built by the same company, but different recyclers are used to handle the waste. These recyclers are managing for example plaster and plasterboard differently depending on what their capabilities are. Construction sites must comply with several laws, regulations and requirements, some of them are miljöbalken, avfallsförordningen and plan- och bygglagen. Informing workers to be careful managing the materials, using more digital software in early stages and the use of production methods such as Lean are different ways to minimize the amount of building waste that occurs today. Another way is to make sure the measurements of the materials are correct from start. If so it will not be necessary to cut and adjust length and size of the material on site and thereby reduce the amount of waste.

  • 332.
    Cederlöf Löfqvist, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Dimac, Una
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Gerhardsson, Josefine
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Varumärken i digitala medier: En studie om hur influencers påverkar konsumentuppfattning inom modebranschen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to increase the knowledge about how consumers are affected by influencers in digital media. Hence, the aim is to see if brands can affect consumer perception by the use of influencers. A quantitative study in the form of a survey was made in this essay. The survey consisted by statements that were grounded in consumer perception about traditional marketing compared to influencer marketing. The results from the quantitative study points to that women and respondents from the younger age groups were most affected by influencers. Within these groups influencers had a positive effect on Word of Mouth and trust. In addition to this, the use of influencers could also make this group choose on a fashion brand over another.

  • 333.
    Cedervind, Dag
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Eriksson, Alexander
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Idéer om demokrati inom Vänsterpartiet: En beskrivande nutidsstudie2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Partiets namn var fram till 1990 Vänsterpartiet kommunisterna (VPK). Denna bakgrund har påverkat andra partiers syn på arenan runt och inom Vänsterpartiet vilket innebär att deras demokratisyn har ifrågasatts. När frågan om demokrati kommer på tal, så skapades ett intresse hos oss som uppsatsskribenter hur idéer om demokrati inom Vänsterpartiet kan beskrivas. Då partiet genom tiderna hävdat att de är goda demokrater, men med ett fördjupat innehåll. Denna uppsats vetenskapliga bidrag är att svara på frågan om Vänsterpartiet kan tillskrivas en innehållslig demokratiuppfattning år 2014, denna fråga är extra intressant då en innehållslig demokratisk agenda ibland likställs med en odemokratisk agenda. Med en beskrivande textanalys och Dahls kriterier om polyarki som utgångspunkt analyseras materialet för att söka svar på huruvida Vänsterpartiet, ung vänster och Vänsterns studentförbund nöjer sig med och/eller utvecklar den proceduriella demokratin. Slutsatsen i detta arbete är att Vänsterpartiet, Ung vänster och Vänsterns studentförbund förhåller sig positiva till Dahls polyarki även om det är i olika grad, det som kan ses som gemensam nämnare är att alla vill utveckla det proceduriella som Dahl förespråkar. Meddetta sagt så ser vi att en vidare innehållslig demokratiuppfattning företräds inom Vänsterpartiet, Ung vänster och Vänsterns studentförbund.

    Nyckelord: proceduriell, innehållslig, demokrati, Vänsterpartiet

  • 334.
    Celis, Cesar
    et al.
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Mohseni, Martina
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Kyprianidis, Konstantinos G.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. Cranfield University, UK.
    Sethi, Vishal
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Ogaji, Stephen O. T.
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Haslam, Antony
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Pilidis, Pericles
    Cranfield University, UK.
    Multidisciplinary Design Optimization of Aero Engines: Environmental Performance-Based Methodology2008Inngår i: SYMKOM’08 Proceedings. CIEPLNE MASZYNY PRZEPLYWOWE. TURBOMACHINERY. No.133, 2008Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    A methodology and tool that allows evaluating and quantifying aero engines design trade-offs originated as a consequence of addressing conflicting objectives such as low environmental impact and low operating costs is presented, and applied to a general case study to assess the feasibility of using new highly efficient engine configurations: intercooled- recuperated (ICR) engines. The case study results show that according to the ICR systems performance (heat exchangers effectiveness, pressure losses, and weight penalty) they could find usage in practical applications.

  • 335.
    Chalasri, Suphalak
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Nygren, Emelie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    KONSTEN ATT INFLUERA: En kvalitativ studie om hur förtroende påverkar konsumentens köpbeteende på internet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 336.
    Chan, Mary
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Jansson, Johanna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Johansson, Linda
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    PENNINGTVÄTT: En studie om revisorns agerande vid förebyggande av penningtvätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
  • 337.
    Chang, Rodger
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Peksen, Meryem
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Rrahmani, Gentiana
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Cirkulär Ekonomi: En kvalitativ studie om utmaningar för svenska småföretag2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien visar flertal utmaningar som framkommer i småföretag vid det

    cirkulära arbetet. Planeringen av materialet vid utformningar och

    anpassningar av produkter är en utmanande process med inkluderande

    uppstående utmaningar i att nå den samverkan mellan företag och de

    sammanstötande ekonomiska målen. Företagen utmanas av kundens

    kunskapsbrist och intresse samt medarbetarnas engagemang. Småföretag

    präglas även av juridiska utmaningar som till exempel lagstiftning om

    kemikalieinnehåll och skatter.

  • 338.
    Chaudhary, R.
    et al.
    Indian Inst Technol, Ctr Environm Sci & Engn, Maharashtra, India.
    Tong, Y. W.
    Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Chem & Biomol Engn, Singapore..
    Dikshit, Anil Kumar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. IndianInst Technol, Ctr Environm Sci & Engn, Maharashtra, India; Asian Inst Technol, Sch Environm Resources & Dev, Pathumthani,Thailand.
    CO2-assisted removal of nutrients from municipal wastewater by microalgae Chlorella vulgaris and Scenedesmus obliquus2018Inngår i: International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 1735-1472, E-ISSN 1735-2630, Vol. 15, nr 10, s. 2183-2192Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Axenic culture of microalgae Chlorella vulgaris ATCC((R)) 13482 and Scenedesmus obliquus FACHB 417 was used for phycoremediation of primary municipal wastewater. The main aim of this study was to measure the effects of normal air and CO2-augmented air on the removal efficacy of nutrients (ammonia N and phosphate P) from municipal wastewater by the two microalgae. Batch experiments were carried out in cylindrical glass bottles of 1L working volume at 25 degrees C and cool fluorescent light of 6500lux maintaining 14/10h of light/dark cycle with normal air supplied at 0.2Lmin(-1) per liter of the liquid for both algal strains for the experimental period. In the next set of experiments, the treatment process was enhanced by using 1, 2 and 5% CO2/air (vol./vol.) supply into microalgal cultures. The enrichment of inlet air with CO2 was found to be beneficial. The maximum removal of 76.3 and 76% COD, 94.2 and 92.6% ammonia, and 94.8 and 93.1% phosphate after a period of 10days was reported for C. vulgaris and S. obliquus, respectively, with 5% CO2/air supply. Comparing the two microalgae, maximum removal rates of ammonia and phosphate by C. vulgaris were 4.12 and 1.75mgL(-1)day(-1), respectively, at 5% CO2/air supply. From kinetic study data, it was found that the specific rates of phosphate utilization (q(phsophate)) by C. vulgaris and S. obliquus at 5% CO2/air supply were 1.98 and 2.11day(-1), respectively. Scale-up estimation of a reactor removing phosphate (the criteria pollutant) from 50 MLD wastewater influent was also done.

  • 339.
    Chaudhary, Ramjee
    et al.
    Indian Inst Technol, Ctr Environm Sci & Engn, Environm Infrastruct & Clean Technol EICT Lab, Mumbai 400076, Maharashtra, India.;Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Chem & Biomol Engn, Singapore 117576, Singapore..
    Tong, Yen Wah
    Natl Univ Singapore, Dept Chem & Biomol Engn, Singapore 117576, Singapore.;Natl Univ Singapore, Environm Res Inst, Singapore, Singapore..
    Dikshit, Anil Kumar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Asian Inst Technol, Sch Environm Resources & Dev, Klongluang, Thailand..
    Kinetic study of nutrients removal from municipal wastewater by Chlorella vulgaris in photobioreactor supplied with CO2-enriched air2020Inngår i: Environmental technology, ISSN 0959-3330, E-ISSN 1479-487X, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 617-626Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The microalgae Chlorella vulgaris ATCC 13482 was used in the present study for municipal wastewater treatment. Batch experiments were performed in bubble column photobioreactors of 7 L working volume maintained at 25 +/- 2 degrees C and 14 h/10 h of photo and dark cycle. The treatment process was enhanced by using CO2-augmented air (5% CO2 v/v) supply into the microalgal culture in comparison to the use of normal air (0.03% CO2 v/v). For a period of 7 days, C. vulgaris effected maximum removals of 74.4% soluble fraction of chemical oxygen demand, 72% ammonia (NH4-N), 60% nitrate (NO3-N) and 81.93% orthophosphate (PO4-P) with use of normal air, whereas 84.6% sCOD, 88% NH4-N, 72% NO3-N and 92.8% PO4-P removals, respectively, with use of 5% CO2/air supply. Using kinetic study data, the specific rates of ammonia and phosphate uptake (q(ammonia) and q(phosphate)) by C. vulgaris at 5% CO2/air supply were found to be 2.41 and 0.85 d(-1), respectively. Using the algal remediation technology, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium recovery from sewage treatment plant of 37.5 million litres per day wastewater influent capacity was calculated to be similar to 298.5, 55.4 and 83.7 kg d(-1), respectively.

  • 340.
    Chen, B.
    et al.
    Beijing Normal University, China.
    Xiong, R.
    Beijing Institute of Technology, China.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Sun, Q.
    Shandong University, Jinan, China.
    Yang, J.
    China University of Geosciences, Beijing, China.
    Pathways for sustainable energy transition2019Inngår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 228, s. 1564-1571Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy transitions are ongoing processes all over the world. While sustainable solutions are envisioned for the future, many societies are still under high-carbon and high-pollution energy regime borne by fossil fuels. How to design pathways towards sustainable energy transition has attracted worldwide concerns. Understanding the possible transition pathways of the energy system requires the integration of new energy technologies, environmental sciences, economics and management. This Special Issue of Journal of Cleaner Production targets to collect the latest research results on sustainable energy systems, discover innovative avenues and inspiring models and share knowledge on energy system modelling and management. In this paper, we identify 4 themes on sustainable energy transition pathways including: (1)Sustainable energy economics and management; (2)Renewable energy generation and consumption; (3)Environmental impacts of energy systems; and (4)Electric vehicle and energy storage. Theories, technologies, innovative models, and successful experiences are discussed accordingly. It is suggested that creative, robust and audacious strategies in governance, management and education are needed to boost sustainable energy transition across various scales and sectors.

  • 341.
    Chen, Chang
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Tianjin University of Commerce, Key Laboratory China of Refrigeration Technology of Tianjin, Tianjin, China.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Tianjin University of Commerce, Key Laboratory China of Refrigeration Technology of Tianjin, 300134, China.
    Li, X.
    Tianjin University of Commerce, Key Laboratory China of Refrigeration Technology of Tianjin, China.
    Wang, Y.
    Tianjin University of Commerce, Key Laboratory China of Refrigeration Technology of Tianjin, China.
    Zhu, K.
    Tianjin University of Commerce, Key Laboratory China of Refrigeration Technology of Tianjin, China.
    Feasibility of using thermal inertia to shift the peak energy demand of buildings2018Inngår i: International Heat Transfer Conference, Begell House Inc. , 2018, s. 4419-4424Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Peak load introduces stress to the grid as supplied electricity is inadequate during peak demand period. In order to relieve the stress of grid and ensure the electricity supply, peak load shifting is an effective option. Buildings are consuming a huge amount of energy for space heating, ventilation and cooling. Using building thermal inertia to shift peak load has attracted more and more attention. By using thermal inertia, heat supplied during off-peak periods can be stored in the construction materials, and used in peak demand hours. However, peak shaving shall not sacrifice the indoor thermal comfort. The objective of this work is to investigate the impact of demand shifting by using thermal inertia on the indoor temperature. In order to understand how the demand shifting impacts the thermal comfort. A CFD model is developed to simulate an office room in winter time. Three cases that represent different shifting strategies are studied. According the results, when increasing the heating temperature, using thermal inertia of buildings can shift peak load, guarantee indoor thermal comfort and save energy. © 2018 International Heat Transfer Conference. All rights reserved.

  • 342. Chen, S.
    et al.
    Kharrazi, A.
    Liang, S.
    Fath, B. D.
    Lenzen, M.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Advanced approaches and applications of energy footprints toward the promotion of global sustainability2020Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 261, artikkel-id 114415Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Ever-increasing energy demands pose huge environmental challenges globally. The strategies and methods that are chosen to address the energy crisis will, in part, determine the possibility of fulfilling the 1.5-degree global warming target set by the Paris Agreement, and of achieving the United Nations Sustainable Developmental Goals, two vital and ambitious objectives for humans in the coming decades. While numerous inventory and modelling approaches have been developed to evaluate direct and indirect energy requirements at multiple scales from industries to cities and to the global economy, a discussion on their implications for environmental sustainability is long overdue. In this study, we provide an overview of the research paradigm and the important approaches that have been developed to address energy sustainability and review the papers included in this Special Issue, which are representative of some of the major advancements in energy, carbon, and other hybrid footprint approaches. This Special Issue aims to gather and harmonize state-of-the-art energy accounting frameworks, models, and metrics that benefit the promotion of global sustainability. 

  • 343.
    Chen, S.
    et al.
    Academy of Chinese Energy Strategy, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Changping, Beijing, China.
    Li, M.
    Academy of Chinese Energy Strategy, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Changping, Beijing, China.
    Zhang, Q.
    Academy of Chinese Energy Strategy, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Changping, Beijing, China.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Study on the Oil Import/Export Quota Allocation Mechanism in China by Using a Dynamic Game-Theoretic Model2017Inngår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 105, s. 3856-3861Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    With the rapid progress of oil market reform in China, independent refineries (small companies) get more and more oil import/export quotas, which will bring big impacts on the whole market and society. However, whether the impacts are positive or negative is highly dependent on the quota allocation mechanism and prices in global/domestic market markets. Therefore, in the present study, considering the game relationships among the six agents including state-owned companies, independent refineries, domestic and foreign oil product consumers, and domestic and foreign crude oil producers, in order to calculate the detailed impacts, a game-theoretic analysis model was developed. The impacts of different quota mechanism are analyzed and compared, and the optimal quota mechanism in different price scenarios is obtained based on the developed model. 

  • 344.
    Chen, S.
    et al.
    State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China.
    Liu, J.
    State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China.
    Wang, H.
    State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China.
    Yan, J.
    School of Chemical Science, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Zhang, J.
    State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China.
    Interaction relationship between urban domestic energy consumption and water use - A case study of Beijing and Shanghai2016Inngår i: Water Policy, ISSN 1366-7017, E-ISSN 1996-9759, Vol. 18, nr 3, s. 670-684Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy consumption and water use are inextricably linked. Combining research on energy consumption and water use in an urban context provides a scientific basis for the integrated planning of energy and water supply systems. Domestic energy and water are among the most consumed resources in urban environments. Furthermore, domestic resources represent an increasing proportion of the total resources consumed. This paper explores four key indicators of urban energy consumption (UEC) and water use in Beijing and Shanghai for the period of 2000 to 2011. Using correlation analysis, this study establishes the intrinsic relationship between UEC and water use. It also offers an analysis of the consumption trends of these two resources as well as their interactive relationship. The results show that urban domestic energy consumption (UDEC) and water use have a significant linear correlation: UDEC is positively correlated with water use, and the correlation coefficients of Beijing and Shanghai are 0.81 and 0.97, respectively. In Beijing, urban domestic energy and water use per capita are negatively correlated, with the high correlation coefficient of 0.93. In Shanghai, urban domestic energy and water use per capita are positively correlated, with the correlation coefficient of 0.90.

  • 345.
    Chen, S.
    et al.
    China University of Petroleum-Beijing, China.
    Zhang, Q.
    China University of Petroleum-Beijing, China.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Tianjin University of Commerce, China.
    Mclellan, B.
    Kyoto University, Japan.
    Zhang, T.
    China University of Petroleum-Beijing, China.
    Tan, Z.
    Investment decision on shallow geothermal heating & cooling based on compound options model: A case study of China2019Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 254, artikkel-id 113655Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing shallow geothermal energy is expected to play an important role to supply affordable, clean and reliable heating by many countries in the world. However, the development is mainly hindered by the high upfront investment costs and various risks involved in the exploration, construction and operation phases. The present study proposed a compound options model to explore the optimal investment timing and value based on the consideration of both investment and operational flexibilities. The Least Square Monte Carlo and Markov Chain Monte Carlo methods were employed in the model to find the solutions. A case study was carried out for China, and five scenarios were simulated to understand the effects of different policies including subsidy, carbon trading mechanism, preferential taxation and preferential electricity price. The obtained results show that, (i) the incentive policies are essential for the development of shallow geothermal energy, which can attract more investment before 2030; (ii) the government is suggested to carry out a preferential electricity price for shallow geothermal development, rather than increase the subsidy; (iii) the application of compound options method increases the investment value in all five scenarios, but its impact on investment timing varies.

  • 346.
    Chen, Yushun
    et al.
    Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China.
    Zhang, Shuanghu
    China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China .
    Huang, Desheng
    Ministry of Environmental Protection of People's Republic of China, Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy, Beijing, China .
    Li, Bailian
    University of California, Riverside, Riverside, United States .
    Liu, Junguo
    South University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen, China .
    Liu, Wenjin
    Orient Landscape Industry Group Ltd., Beijing, China.
    Ma, Jing
    China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, Beijing, China .
    Wang, Fang
    China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, Beijing, China .
    Wang, Yong
    Alabama A and M University, Huntsville, United States .
    Wu, Shengjun
    Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China .
    Wu, Yegang
    Shanghai BoDa Development Corporation, Shanghai, China .
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Guo, Chuanbo
    Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China .
    Xin, Wei
    Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, China .
    Wang, Hao
    China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing, China .
    The development of China's Yangtze River Economic Belt: how to make it in a green way?2017Inngår i: Science Bulletin, ISSN 2095-9273, Vol. 62, nr 9, s. 648-651Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 347.
    Chen, Z.
    et al.
    Guangdong University of Education, Guangzhou, China.
    Zhang, L.
    South China University of Technology.
    Song, Han
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Investigating the impacts of included angles on flow and heat transfer in cross-corrugated triangular ducts with field synergy principle2013Inngår i: Thermal Science, ISSN 0354-9836, E-ISSN 2334-7163, Vol. 17, nr 3, s. 823-832Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Included angles (a) have vital effect on the flow and heat transfer in cross-corrugated triangular ducts. The friction factor and Nusselt number were estimated at different Reynolds numbers from both experiments and simulations. Results show that the flow in the duck with a = 90° has the largest friction factor and Nusselt number. However, the included angle influences the flow and heat transfer in cross-corrugated triangular ducts in different ways. The field synergy principle was used to explore the mechanism of the different impacts of the included angle. Results show that the flow in the cross-corrugated triangular duct with a = 90° has the smallest domain averaged included angle (bm), which implies the best synergy performance. The results of the field synergy principle were also validated by analyzing the performance evaluation criterion and studying the velocity vector and temperature distributions.

  • 348.
    Chiaramonti, D.
    et al.
    Univ Florence, Italy.
    Liden, G.
    Lund Univ, Sweden.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Advances in sustainable biofuel production and use: The XIX international symposium on alcohol fuels2013Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 102, s. 1-4Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
  • 349.
    Chiaramonti, D.
    et al.
    Univ Florence, Italy.
    Maniatis, K.
    Univ Florence, Italy.
    Tredici, M.R
    Univ Florence, Italy.
    Verdelho, V.
    EABA, Lisbon, Portugal.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Life Cycle Assessment of Algae Biofuels: Needs and challenges2015Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 154, s. 1049-1051Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig)
  • 350.
    Choi, Byungchul
    et al.
    Chonnam Natl Univ, South Korea.
    Park, Su Han
    Chonnam Natl Univ, South Korea.
    Chiarmonti, David
    RE CORD Renewable Energy COnsortium R&D, Garbagnate Monastero, LC, Ital.
    Bae, Hyeun-Jong
    Chonnam Natl Univ, South Korea.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Royal Inst Technol KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sustainable alcohol fuels promoting mobility and climate stabilization: The 21st International Symposium on Alcohol Fuels2015Inngår i: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 160, s. 561-565Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
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