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  • 301.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Johnsson, Mikael
    Interview Supported Innovation Audit: How does a complementary interview affect the understanding of an innovation audits results when the interview is vased on the audit statements.2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: SMEs tend to lack the ability of sustainable development throughcost-effective and repeated innovation. One way to find out a currentinnovation state is to run a self-assessment innovation audit, which are wellused but got critics to not show reliable results The authors formed researchquestion: How might a complementary interview affect the understandingof the result of the innovation audit when the interview is based on the samestatements used in the audit? The study was conducted at two Swedish SMEswith a mix of management and personnel. 21 respondents at both companiesanswered 840 audit-statements and equal amount of interview questionsrephrased from a “how-perspective”. 4 audit-statements were left blank and103 interview questions were answered, “I don't know”. A great differ inthe respondents understanding appeared and the conclusion was that a selfassessment innovation audit might not show reliable results conducted without a complementing interview.

  • 302.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Winbo, Karolina
    Automation Region; Innovation Management; IDT; 721 23 Västerås; Sweden.
    Assessment and Support?: AiR - A Pilot Project on Support Systems for Innovation in Automation Industry2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Various methods to assess innovation are used in companies and organizations. Audits provide little support for day to day use and few explicitly address how companies can benefit from the audit results in terms of e.g. how to learn, formulate goals and operationalization. Based on a concrete example, this paper explores how innovation assessment can be considered a tripartite audit process designed to support learning and give an increased cultural support for innovation. In the paper the audit process will be discussed from the perspectives of what, who and how. 'What' address the tool and assessment area, 'who' focus on the people that participates in the assessment process and 'how' on the very assessment execution. The awareness of the notion 'innovation' among the 70 industrial companies in the Automation Region Network in mid-Sweden are typically low, and as a response to that a pilot study project Automation Innovation Region (AiR) started in 2012 to develop support for innovation. During one year 2014/2015, employees in five companies (N=44) participated in the study. The project developed a process, AiR Innowatch (Innowatch), combining a photo-based workshop on innovation, three workshops with themes on innovation climate, a web based weekly assessment tool, and a quarterly survey. The tools focus on innovation culture (what), the process highlights reflection, learning and integration (how) on assessment results from the perspective of individual, group and organisational (who) perspective. The goal was to design a learning based audit process that supports the companies to independently continue their work for increased innovativeness after the formal assessment process. This paper present the tools developed and the results from the pilot study as a base for discussion on auditing as a tool that supports learning and development of an organisational culture for increased innovativeness in established organisations. 

  • 303.
    Karlsson, Jan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Analyzes of a wheel loader usage2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The wheel loader is a very versatile machine hence the layout of the machine and the software has to be a compromise of all the possible application. If the machine could detect the application and adapt the software settings to optimize the machine for the current application more application unique settings would be possible. To make the application identification cost efficient and possible to implement over the whole product range a minimum of added product cost is preferred. Therefore only using existing sensors of a wheel loader and using a software algorithm for the identification is suggested. In the following chapters three common applications are described from a generic point of view. The identification can be divided into different sections days, series, cycles and phases. The declaration of the phases is meant to be consistent regardless of application, however some phases may not be present in some application, 18 phases are identified to cover all application. Algorithms are developed to identify three different applications, bucket, pallet, timber and two different material classes. It is stated that it is possible to differentiate at least two different material classes with the suggested algorithms.

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  • 304.
    Karlsson, Maija
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Finn fem fel: Ett verktyg för återmatning och hantering av fel i SDE's montering2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetets syfte är att utforma rutiner och verktyg för att säkerställa att relevant information om allvarliga och frekventa problem når föregående processer. Den information som föregående processer tar emot ska vara av sådan karaktär att de vet vad de ska fokusera på i sitt förbättringsarbete. Strävan har varit att ta fram ett felrapporteringsverktyg där alla fel som påträffas i produktionen ska kunna gå att rapporteras in. Utifrån den datainsamling som har gjorts via sekundär- och primärdata har den information som ska rapporters in tagits fram. Felrapporteringen ska ske i en Lotus Notes databas, detta för att programmet redan finns inom SDE`s väggar. De fel som hittas och rapporters in i felrapporteringsverktyget riktas var och en mot ett ansvarigt område. Tillexempel om det fattas ett hål på en artikel och det hålet finns med på ritningen riktas felet mot inköp. Varje ansvarigt område ska månadsvis skriva ut och åtgärda sina tre ”fem i botten” scorecard i kategorierna konsekvens, kostnad och frekvens. Fem i botten scorecarden bygger på paretoprincipen, det betyder att scorecarden visar de fem största felen varje månad i de tre olika kategorierna. Den information som loggas in i felrapporteringsverktyget kommer även att vara ett reklamationsunderlag då inköp står som ansvarigt område. Dataanalysen kommer att göras i ett Business Intelligence verktyg som heter QlikView. Detta för att QlikView på ett smidigt sätt tar data från en eller flera databaser och gör det möjligt för användaren att snabbt och enkelt analysera informationen.

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  • 305.
    Kaya, Tony
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Najafi, Morteza
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Implementation of lean tools tovisualize performance and eliminate waste: With a focus on continuous improvement at a railway depot2024Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Date: 2nd June 2024

    Level: Master thesis in Product- and Process Development, advanced level, 30 credits

    Institution: School of Innovation, Design and Engineering at Mälardalen University

    Authors: Tony Kaya  Morteza Najafi 

    Title: Implementation of lean tools to visualize performance and eliminate waste

    Supervisor:  Satyam Paul - Mälardalens University, Florian Grouset - Alstom

    Florian Grouset, Alstom

    Keywords:  Lean; Lean tools; performance management; Continuous improvement 

    Purpose: This study investigates how applying different lean tools can develop a dashboard that can visualize performance on the shop floor and identify and eliminate waste at the depot, thus achieving performance improvement through continuous improvement actions. 

    Research questions:

    1. How can the Lean visual management concept visualize performance  and support continuous improvement on the shop floor? 

    2. How can waste be identified and eliminated to enhance the depot's performance using Lean tools?

    Methodology: The study is based on a qualitative and quantitative research strategy called mixed method, which follows an abductive research approach. This resulted in adjustments and obtained that provided new perspectives and insights into the known challenges. The collection of theoretical material consisted mainly of scientific articles and books, supplemented occasionally with theoretical material from websites. The empirical data collection consisted mainly of informal meetings, observations in Gemba Walk, unstructured interviews, and four semi-structured interviews with the company.

    Conclusion: In the study's conclusion, it was found that the Lean Visual Management concept is an excellent method for visualizing performance and supporting continuous improvement on the shop floor. It improves information flow engagement and ensures visualization of performance in terms of KPIs. Furthermore, it was found that improvement can be identified and eliminated through lean tools such as flowcharts, VSM, spaghetti diagrams, and 5S.

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  • 306.
    Kaynak, O.
    et al.
    Bogazici University, Istanbul, Turkey.
    Flammini, Francesco
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Liu, Z.
    University of Science and Technology, Beijing, People’s Republic of China.
    Towards symbiotic autonomous systems2021In: Philosophical Transactions. Series A: Mathematical, physical, and engineering science, ISSN 1364-503X, E-ISSN 1471-2962, Vol. 379, no 2720Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Starting in the second half of the last century, the widespread use of computers has significantly changed the lifestyles of humankind. Since then, with the explosive and perhaps disruptive developments in digital technology, the internet and Internet of Things and artificial intelligence have promoted a growing interaction among humans and machines, with technology capable of extending human capabilities (augmentation) and making devices seamlessly interact with humans. In the longer term, there is a growing consensus that this will create symbiotic autonomous systems (SASs). Although this is a trend that will see maturity possibly in the next decade, research and industry interest are already strong, resulting in several concrete results ready to hit the market. What matters most in the context of SASs is the varying degrees of autonomy they have, their capability to evolve (e.g. to learn and adapt), and their ability to interact with their environment, between themselves, and with humans. Hence, SAS is a class of advanced information and control technology that has gradually evolved, based on cybernetics, information theory, artificial intelligence, bionics, neurophysiology and computer science. At the same time, it has also promoted the joint development and mutual penetration of multiple fields such as microelectronics, life sciences and automation technology. In all future areas, SASs will become a seamless extension of our body and mind and an integral part of our life.

  • 307.
    Kfouri, Maja
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reimers, Adan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Using discrete-event simulation to enable implementation of picking and palletizing robots: A case study2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The study aims to develop a DES model to evaluate the impacts of implementing packaging and palletizing robotics in the goods-receipts process.

    Research questions: RQ1: “What are the requirements when developing a Discrete Event Simulation (DES) model of the goods receipt process in the internal logistics section of a manufacturing company?”, RQ2: “What is the impact of implementing a new layout with industrial palletizer robotics in manufacturing companies' internal logistics - specifically the goods receipt process in terms of robot Overall Equipment Effectiveness (OEE), throughput, and WIP?” and, RQ3: “What considerations should companies take into account when implementing industrial palletizer robotics in their internal logistics, in terms of process flow?”

    Methodology: This study applied an inductive approach, letting the empirical findings guide the themes explored in the theoretical framework while having a constant interplay between empirical data collection and the construction of the simulation model. Empirical data collection was collected via observation, time study, and documentation. Literature was collected via Scopus and restricted to peer-reviewed articles and book chapters. The simulation model building followed the steps presented by Banks (2005). Based on the model building and simulation model results, conclusions could be made.

    Conclusion: The study concluded and presented nine requirements to develop a DES model for the goods-receipt process in manufacturing companies' internal logistics. The impact of robot OEE was determined to be low, 24-27%, WIP increased, and throughput increased with the implementation of a new layout with an industrial palletizer robot. Lastly, to answer RQ3, the study concluded and presented six considerations for companies to take into account when evaluating the implementation of an industrial palletizer robot

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  • 308.
    Kiumgyan, Nushig
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Dawoud, Arej
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Developing psychosocial safety climate in a global manufacturing company2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates developing the psychosocial safety climate in manufacturing companies in Sweden, by offering insights into following questions: How can organizations work to promote a positive psychosocial safety climate? & How can change management possibly help to develop a psychosocial safety climate? The study employed a qualitative research strategy, specifically a case study, which included various interviews. The study investigated three different departments consisting of office-based personnel. The topics emphasized in this study are psychosocial hazards, psychosocial safety climate, and the factors that help in developing the psychosocial safety climate. Moreover, the topic of leadership in relation to developing psychosocial safety climate, and change management as a tool that may help in developing psychosocial safety climate were also highlighted. The study concluded that: leadership & management is the key factor in promoting a positive psychosocial safety climate, since it impacts other factors investigated in the study, supportive policies, effective communication, work design, training & awareness, and support, resources & employee participation. Moreover, while viewing the development of psychosocial safety climate as a change, three phases with unique activities in each are essential to achieve the goal of a positive psychosocial safety climate. The phases investigated are planning, implementing and reinforcing. 

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  • 309.
    Komazec, Ksenija
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Vaara, E.
    Research Institutes of Sweden, Sweden.
    Brun, G.
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Larsson, S.
    Effective Change AB, Sweden.
    Tobiasson, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Building a Tiny House from Waste An alternative platform for exploring sustainability2023In: FORMakademisk, ISSN 1890-9515, E-ISSN 1890-9515, Vol. 16, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper contributes to the understanding of how critical reflection can be applied to sustainability. This was accomplished by tracing the progression of a tiny-house project over time and the associated activities, which involved sourcing secondhand and discarded materials. We are a group of researchers and practitioners who worked together to explore and challenge the established norms of sustainability in housing practices: who is building, what is being built, with what materials, and through which processes. The use of discarded materials as resources for building a tiny house came to be decisive in shaping a platform for inclusion and sustainable practices. While the most common practice of building involves buying the materials needed at a lumber yard, working with discarded and secondhand materials requires time and flexibility. Tools play a central role in adapting random waste to specific purposes, a process that also demands skills in handling tools creatively. Additionally, gathering, organizing, and cleaning are activities that should be given special attention when working with these types of materials. In this paper, we explain how we reinjected waste materials into the production chain and how our work contributes to sustainable development from environmental and social perspectives. The argument for sustainability in our research revolves around exploring processes that include more groups in society and alternative ways of organizing the resources available. 

  • 310.
    Kristensson, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Modell för arbete med duglighet: Utformad vid Volvo CE Component Division2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetets uppdrag är att skapa en bild av dagens situation gällande duglighet vid de två bearbetande verkstäderna TMA och TMG. Vidare ska en analys av duglighetsarbete i dagsläget utföras och en modell för hur arbetet kan ske i framtiden tas fram.

    Syftet med examensarbetet är att erbjuda berörd personal vid Volvo Construction Equipment AB Component Division i Eskilstuna en modell för arbete med duglighetsstudier och uppföljning så att dugligare processer kan uppnås. Det primära syftet är att skapa rutiner så att man fortsätter arbetet efter ett duglighetsindex beräknats och inte endast konstaterar att resultatet är bra eller dåligt. I efterarbetet ska man försöka koppla bidragande faktorer från ett otillfredsställande utfall till de 4M:en (Maskin, Människa, Metod och Material).

    På CMP sker självklart ett kontinuerligt kvalitetsarbete då ett av Volvos starka kärnvärden är kvalitet, men trots det ständiga arbetet når man inte alltid de uppsatta kvalitetsmålen. Ett steg i att förändra situationen är införandet av ”The CMP Zero Tolerance Program” som är ett led till att förbättra kvaliteten och sänka antalet defekter till 600 PPM. Detta examensarbete är en del i det programmet och fokuserar på duglighetsarbetet.

    För att nå dugligare processer krävs ett kontinuerligt förbättringsarbete. Det förutsätter att man aktivt fortsätter projektet efter att man beräknat ett duglighetsindex samt lokaliserar orsakande faktorer och förbättrar läget. För att få till detta arbete krävs rutiner och engagemang. Rapporten levererar en modell för hur man vardagligt kan arbeta med duglighet men även rutiner för en effektivt förbättringsarbete.

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  • 311.
    Kuduzovic, Lejla
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Förslag till framtagning av kvalitetssäkringsrutiner för induktionshärdade drivaxlar vid Volvo CE Component Division: Examensarbete, produktutveckling, 30 poäng Avancerad nivå2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta examensarbete har handlar om att ta fram kvalitetssäkringsrutiner för induktiva värmebehandlingsmetoder mot det nya mätlabbet i samband att kvalitetssäkra produktionen av drivaxlar på Volvo Component Division. Uppgiften betyder att visa hur kvalitetssäkringen av både processen och tillverkningen ska ske genom att förebygga att fel uppstår. Huvudsaken är inte hur problemet blir löst, istället kommer koncentration lagts på metoden.

     

    Det övergripande syftet med examensarbetet är att försöka hjälpa personalen i företaget komma fram till förslag och konkreta resultat i form av kvalitetssäkringsrutiner för att förbättra både produktionen och den befintliga produktutvecklingsprocessen.

    Främsta målet är att bygga upp en fungerande kvalitetssäkring av induktiv värmebehandling inom Component Division genom att ta fram kvalitetssäkringsrutiner som stödjer metoden. Dessa rutiner skall bygga på önskemål från kunden, detta framför allt i form av beställningsblanketter, instruktioner och checklistor.

     

    Volvo Construction Equipment AB Component Division Eskilstuna arbetar idag med en kontinuerlig process- och produktförbättring med avseende på att förebygga eventuella kvalitetsbristerna. Meningen är att man i samband med den nya utbyggnaden av fabriken, nya maskiner och ny utrustning också ska bygga ett nytt materiallabb där materialprovbitar skall kunna skickas in av operatören/teknikern för olika kvalitetsundersökningar.

    I dagsläget har man börjat producera drivaxlar enligt den nya flödesgruppen vars förutsättning är att artiklarna skall tillverkas från råämne till monteringsklara detaljer. För att få ut ett smidigt produktionsflöde och optimera produktionen inom flödesgruppen måste alla parametrar och faktorer stämma på båda sidorna. Detta fås genom ständiga förbättringar samt statistiska styrningar av processen genom kontroller, underhåll och uppföljningar.

     

    Examensarbetet har till följd därav resulterat i instruktioner som beskriver kontrolleringar och provtagningar av värmebehandlade artiklar i cell07 som en åtgärd för att bygga en fungerande kvalitetssäkring av induktionshärdade artiklar på CMP. För att detta kvalitetsarbete skall ge resultat bör operationsbeskrivningen mätinstruktioner följas av samtliga på avdelningen.

    Därför är det viktigt att när ett kvalitetsproblem väl har identifierats skall nästa steg vara att gå vidare med att försöka bena ut orsakerna till problemet och hitta lösningar till dessa för att undvika eller förebygga att samma sak händer nästa gång.

     

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  • 312.
    Kulkov, Ignat
    et al.
    Abo Akad Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Turku, Finland..
    Berggren, Bjorn
    Royal Inst Technol, Div Real Estate & Financial Syst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Eriksson, Kent
    Royal Inst Technol, Div Real Estate & Financial Syst, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Hellstrom, Magnus
    Abo Akad Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Turku, Finland.;Univ Agder, Sch Business & Law, Kristiansand, Norway..
    Wikstrom, Kim
    Abo Akad Univ, Fac Sci & Engn, Turku, Finland..
    The importance of financial resources and ownership of intellectual property rights for university spin-offs: the cases of Finland and Sweden2020In: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, ISSN 1462-6004, E-ISSN 1758-7840, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 1125-1147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose This paper focuses on medical device university spin-offs (USOs), taking into account the peculiarities of financial and nonfinancial support and intellectual property rights (IPRs). The authors declare that these parameters play a significant role in business development at the early stages. Design/methodology/approach This empirical data consist of individual and group interviews in Finland and Sweden, which are later inductively analyzed. Findings The results show that public financial support contributes to the formation and start of sales stages in small countries and local markets. However, at the validation stage, approaches for supporting entrepreneurship in the field of medical devices may differ. The ownership of IPRs assists in the development of entrepreneurship in the region due to the transfer of research results and researchers to the industry and increases the number of spin-offs and the cooperation of universities with business. Originality/value This contribution is in the identification of the key parameters for the formation, support and development of the USOs from the point of view of the availability of financial resources and the ownership of IPRs.

  • 313.
    Kulkov, Ignat
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Antonsson, Frida
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Developing business model framework for companies operating in the second life batteries market2023In: Transportation Research Procedia, Elsevier B.V. , 2023, p. 307-313Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The rapid growth of the electric vehicle (EV) market has led to an increased demand for batteries, necessitating sustainable solutions for their entire lifecycle. This paper presents a conceptual framework addressing the second life stage of EV batteries. The framework comprises three primary elements: Value Proposition, Value Creation and Delivery, and Value Capture, each further divided into sub-elements encompassing various aspects of second life batteries. Developed through a literature review and validated through workshops with partnering companies, the framework provides a holistic view of second life batteries management. The study's findings identify distinct product/service offerings, target customer differentiation, key activities, ownership options, channels and customer relationships, resources and capabilities, partners and suppliers, cost structures, and revenue models for second life batteries. The paper's theoretical contribution lies in offering a framework that guides researchers and practitioners in developing sustainable strategies for battery production, use, and recycling. Practical implications include providing a tool for companies to evaluate and improve their practices in terms of sustainability and value. By fostering sustainable and profitable strategies, this paper contributes to the literature on sustainable battery production and the circular economy, while also benefiting the EV industry and society.

  • 314.
    Kulkov, Ignat
    et al.
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Turku, Finland..
    Hellstrom, Magnus
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Turku, Finland.;Univ Agder, Dept Working Life & Innovat, Kristiansand, Norway..
    Wikstrom, Kim
    Abo Akad Univ, Dept Chem Engn, Turku, Finland..
    Identifying the role of business accelerators in the developing business ecosystem: the life science sector2021In: European Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1460-1060, E-ISSN 1758-7115, Vol. 24, no 4, p. 1459-1479Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Business accelerators have recently received increasing attention as important cogs in business ecosystem development. However, their exact role in the ecosystem is not yet well known, especially outside the IT sector. The purpose of this study is, therefore, twofold: to determine the position of life science accelerators in the business ecosystem and the attributes of support for companies and to identify key features of the life science accelerators that contribute to the change in business ecosystems. Design/methodology/approach The authors offer an exploratory case study of five life science business accelerators and analyze the main factors affecting the companies and the whole business ecosystem. The authors build upon the scarce literature on business accelerators and consider a new type of accelerator that specializes in life science projects and study its role in the transformation and evolution of the life science industry. Findings The authors have defined the role and key parameters of life science accelerators that influence the existing business ecosystems: (1) cooperation with other regions and countries, (2) development of entrepreneurial skills among participants of the business accelerators program and (3) a project on demand-based approach. Originality/value The key parameters of the life science accelerators allow to concentrate these efforts on the activities that are most demanded by the market. Business accelerators can increase the created value for other program participants.

  • 315.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    De Goey, H.
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Can Social Sustainability Values be Incorporated in a Product Service System for Temporary Public Building Modules?2017In: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, Vol. 64, p. 193-198Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporary constructions industry has cost efficiency and sustainability challenges that may require new innovative business models as well as product and processes. This paperaims to discuss how social sustainability services can be included in product service system (PSS)by investigating a case where employment is offered in distributed temporary building module manufacturing in the PSS context. The case has been evaluated against PSS literature. Recent reviews and literature on inclusion of social sustainability and PSS for buildings were used. It is concluded that the current concept fits basic definitions of PSS although it is not typical. The social value of employment is difficult to evaluate and inclusion in PSS needs further research. Design practice could be used to further develop the services in the studied concept. 

  • 316.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hildenbrand, Jutta
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Swerea IVF.
    Design for green lean building module production - Case study2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, no 8, p. 594-601Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increasing societal need for temporary buildings, while construction industry faces resource and time efficiency challenges, factory assembly of modular buildings can be a solution. This case study at a start-up company uses experiences from assembly system design and eco-design literature to propose green lean design principles to be used in the design and development of building modules and their assembly stations. The eco-design strategy wheel is used as a basis and adapted for the assessment of green and lean building manufacturing.

  • 317.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Granzell, Ann-Sofie
    Smart Planet Business AB, Västerås, Sweden.
    Development of the urban and industrial symbiosis in western Mälardalen2018In: Procedia CIRP, ISSN 2212-8271, E-ISSN 2212-8271, Vol. 73, no 1, p. 96-101Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    From a product service systems business model development perspective, this paper presents a case study of Västra Mälardalens industrial symbiosis, its maturity level and potentials for further development. The status and potentials of the symbiosis network, based on a survey, interviews and workshops, together with background statistics, is used to evaluate the potential improvement areas and suggest future research. The study contributes with application of evaluation models and confirms earlier research and in addition suggests future research in the field. The Symbiosis network has potential to be acting as innovation catalyst supporting companies to go beyond core business development.

  • 318.
    Kurmaku, Ted
    et al.
    Mälardalen University.
    Enoiu, Eduard Paul
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Kumrija, Musa
    Mälardalen University.
    Human-based Test Design versus Automated Test Generation: A Literature Review and Meta-Analysis2022In: 15th Innovations in Software Engineering Conference ISEC 2022, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 319.
    Kvist, Benny
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Optimering av logistikflödet: Utredning av brister och framtagning av förbättringsförslag i logistiken hos DinBox Sverige AB2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    DinBox Sverige AB sells mailboxes on the scandinavian market with production outsourced to a supplier in China. The company started in the end of 2007, relatively young in other words. The logistical flow from order to delivery of product, is a very important and vital part  of the business. The logisticial flow is today not flawless and there are problems with deliveries.

    I was assigned within my thesis in supply-chain management the task to investigate the logistical flow in detail in order to suggest improvements.

    The purpose of the task is to find what problems that occur, map out what costs these problems cause and investigate how to avoid errors in the future. The thesis should result in a fitting suggestion for improvement that decreases the control of the logistical flow from order to delivery.

    The result of the thesis has been achieved through a thorough analysis of the present situation, making a flowchart and identifying the problems in the processes. The problems have been broken down in to main causes and are subject for the suggestions of improvement.

    The final suggestion of improvement means communication between involved parties in the company and the supplier in China takes place in an extranet. When the order passes through the logistical flow every part has to control and approve the order before it is passed on to the next part. In that way a control system that secures the appropriate handling of the order throughout the flow is achieved. The extranet also gives the possibility to tracking information and goods in the logistical flow since the data can be stored in the system. The inventory when goods arrive is simplified and secured by implementing a barcode system which means all articles are automatically identified.

    The conclusion of the thesis is that a thorough preliminary study and analysis of the present situation are crucial for identifying the most costly and critical problems in the logistical flow. By improvements of processes within the area of supply-chain there are a lot that can be made more efficient and save money for the company.

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  • 320.
    Kårefjärd, Henrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Upprättande av kundorderpunkt: En analys och flödesförbättring2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Car-O-Liner i Kungsör är en komplett tillverkare av reparationssystem för krockskadade fordon, vars produktion hindras av okontrollerade lager. Företaget har förhoppningen om att en frikopplingspunkt skulle kunna bidra till en mer kontrollerad produktion, och därigenom nå en högre leveransprecision. Frikopplingspunkten är tänkt att upprättas i form utav en supermarket, och examensarbetet syftar därför till att undersöka möjligheterna till ett upprättande utav en supermarket samt att föreslå en lämplig återfyllnadsmetodik. Målsättningen är att presentera ett nytt materialhanteringskoncept som effektiviserar och framförallt förenklar produktionen, med förhoppning att samtidigt göra verksamheten mer flexibel och därigenom höja leveranssäkerheten.Fokus för projektet ligger på produktionsgrupperna Bänkrobot och Detaljrobot som sätter takten för resterande flöden. I produktionsgrupperna har materialhanteringen studerats, och med hjälp av spagettidiagram har rörelsescheman kartlagts. Rapporten baseras på observationer, intervjuer och beräkningar.Observationer över det nuvarande tillståndet visade tydliga tecken på förbättringsmöjligheter, där bl.a. stora tillverkningsorder låste produktionen och därmed hämmade en viktig artikelvariation. Genom dessa observationer identifierades även slöserier av olika former, där den främsta anses vara överproduktion. Flera aktiviteter som inte tillför värde, men som är nödvändiga för produktionen identifierades, främst berörande materialförsörjningen till produktionsgrupperna.Projektet delades in i olika faser, teoristudier, nulägesbeskrivning och en nulägesanalys som därefter kopplats samman och utifrån denna data har ett lämpligt konceptförslag utformats. Detta innehållandes en supermarketlösning. Utifrån konceptet sammanställs kapitalbindningen varifrån uppdragsgivaren får ta ställning till den svåra avvägningen mellan resursutnyttjning, kapitalbindning och leveransservice. Teoristudier har genomförts för att förankra genomföranden och idéer genom projektet för att öka dess tillförlitlighet.Car-O-Liner rekommenderas att implementera det föreslagna produktionskonceptet för att kunna uppnå ett snabbare och framförallt stabilare värdeflöde av produkter genom fabriken, och därmed kunna möta det ökande och framförallt varierande kundbehovet.Slutsatserna visar på att ett resurssnålt, förbrukningsstyrt och sammanlänkat värdeflöde är möjligt att uppnå med hjälp av enkla metoder och verktyg, inspirerade av Lean. Med ett fortsatt systematiskt förbättringsarbete är författarens åsikt att genomloppstider går att sänka dramatiskt, vilket kan göra att man på sikt kan arbeta med lägre lagervolymer. Detta i sin tur frigör kapital och framförallt produceras produkter som verkligen efterfrågas.

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  • 321.
    Köhl, Jonatan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lindh, Simon
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Att öka kapaciteten i en bänkmontering med hanverksmoment och torktider2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med detta arbete är att hjälpa företaget Kanthal att kunna öka kapaciteten och sänka ledtiden i sin montering, inom produktionsområdet Heating Systems, genom att komma med förbättringsförslag. Idag tillämpar företaget bänkmontering, men vill även ha förslag på hur en monteringslina kan utformas. Det finns en klar koppling mellan kapacitet och produktivitet, där företaget har förbisett sin produktivitet. Därför har författarna valt att besvara följande frågeställningar:  

       

    • Vad påverkar produktiviteten och ledtiden i en bänkmontering med hantverksmoment och processtider?  
    • Hur utformar man arbetsprocessen för en monteringslina som ökar produktiviteten och sänker ledtiden i en montering med hantverksmoment och processtider? 

     

    Metod: Genom en fallstudie har författarna valt att undersöka valda frågeställningar. Tillvägagångsättet började med en processkartläggning och tidsstudie för att sedan kunna göra en värdeflödesanalys. Parallellt genomförde författarna en litteraturstudie som skapar en bredare förståelse vid analys av insamlande data. För att samla in data har författarna använt sig av intervjuer och observationer. 

     

     Studiens resultat: Resultatet av studien visar genom en processkartläggning nuläget över processerna på företaget där författarna har identifierade befintliga flaskhalsar. Kartläggningen har begränsats utifrån uppdraget av företaget där fokus legat på monteringen. Brister och flaskhalsar som uppdagats av processkartläggningens resultat. Dessa brister är bland annat torkningstid och onödiga arbetsmoment. För att tackla dessa brister har de två forskningsfrågorna hjälpt studiens framfart vilket har resulterat i en ny layout i kombination med förslag på arbetsprocesser kring monteringslinan.

     

    Slutsats: Syftet har uppfyllts genom processkartläggningen och analysen av resultatet. Studien besvarar forskningsfrågorna som har möjliggjort en analys av monteringslinans utformning. Analysen över arbetet har resulterat i ett förslag på en ny layout och alternativa material och verktygspresentation samt andra arbetsmetoder. 

     

    Rekommendationer: För att gå vidare med förbättringarna som kartlagts bör företaget hitta ett standardiserat arbetssätt och samtidigt se över arbetsmetoderna och ergonomin i monteringen.  

     

    Nyckelord: standardiserat arbetssätt, slöserier, monteringslina, produktivitet, ledtidsförkortning.

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  • 322.
    Kökler, Cihan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Inbound Logistics Cost and CO2 Calculations2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 30 credits / 45 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Business has globalized rapidly during the last decades. Distances between point of origin and point of consumption have increased as a result of globalization. Today’s increased distances mean that companies require faster logistic responses. Air transportation is preferred because it’s worldwide lead-time, of just 1-2 day, fulfill business expectations. However, transportation operation costs have risen dramatically and there are growing concerns about the high CO2 emission levels associated with air transportation. These issues have recently become a point of focus for most globalized companies.

    Currently, Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB, in Örebro is mostly using air transportation for their inbound logistics flow from North America Shared Distribution Center (SDC). In this thesis, sea transportation is surveyed to asses it’s suitability as a replacement in both economic and environmental terms. The formulated questions are:

    (1) For which items can SDC use sea transportation instead of air transportation at the lowest cost and with the lowest risk?

    (2) How much can SDC reduce their CO2 emission with the new setup? Does it comply with the ”environmental targets” of Atlas Copco Rock Drills AB?

    (3) How would SDC make decisions about suitable transportation setups for additional items in the future?

    When the transportation method is changed from air to sea more than one of the total logistics costs are affected. In reflection of the longer lead-times connected with sea transportation warehousing costs will increase. Therefore, when researching the ”lowest cost” we must consider the lowest total logistics cost. Extended lead-times also decrease the companies’ capability for flexibility; additionally, there will be heightened risk in connection with product life cycles. The possible environmental effects of sea transportation are considered carefully before an item’s transportation method change is suggested to the company. All calculations of CO2 emissions have been done in accordance with Nätverk för Transporter och Miljö ’s (Network for Transporter and Environment) (NTM) formula in order to reach a credible result. The findings are compared with the company’s environmental policy. An excel model has been developed to calculate results for extra items which may be added to the product range in the future.

    As a result of the research analysis it has been shown possible to reduce total logistic cost up to, 33%, 3.247.000 SEK. By changing transportation mode, the CO2 emission levels for transportation per item for these can even be reduced by up to 97%. Additionally, the excel model can be used internally to implement future changes.

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  • 323.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Covarying effects of creativity studies on academic performance in innovation processes2022In: Proceedings of the XXXIII ISPIM Innovation Conference "Innovating in a Digital World" / [ed] Leandro Bitetti; Iain Bitran; Steffen Conn; Jessica Fishburn; Eelko Huizingh; Marko Torkkeli; Jialei Yang, Lappeenranta University of Technology Press, 2022, Lappeenranta University of Technology Press, 2022, p. 1-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to investigate the effects of the relationships between personal characteristics, thinking preferences and learning activities on academic achievements in creativity studies for innovation management. Development of theory related reflexivity on creative experiences and competence as well as training of required skills in innovation processes needs to activate both the pre-requisites and predictors of creativity (OECD, 2019). Statistical analysis of quantitative data and qualitative data collected within the framework of a course aiming to develop competence and skills for creativity in innovation processes’ is presented. The results are related in the model for covarying creativity constructs based on the statistical correlation and regression analyzes. Based on this developed understanding consequences for developing creativity competences

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  • 324.
    Lager, Thomas
    EMINES - School of Industrial Management, Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Hay Moulay Rachid, Benguerir, Morocco.
    A conceptual analysis of conditions for innovation in the process industries and a guiding framework for industry collaboration and further research2017In: International journal of technological learning, innovation and development, ISSN 1753-1942, E-ISSN 1753-1950, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 198-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The process industries span multiple industrial sectors and constitute a substantial part of the entire manufacturing industry. In a review of the extant literature related to process-industrial production and innovation characteristics, the process industries construct has been analysed and redefined. Since the process industries are a large part of the LMT industries and of significant importance for late-industrialising countries and also constitute a considerable part of the most R&D investment-intensive companies worldwide, it is advocated that studying innovation in this cluster of industries in a cross-sectoral approach is an interesting avenue to follow. It was concluded that operations and innovation management in this family of industries will benefit from methods, tools and best practices more adapted to the process industry-specific context. As a consequence of these findings, a framework aiming at guiding and invigorating further process-industrial research was introduced together with policy implications.

  • 325.
    Lager, Thomas
    University Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Benguerir, Morocco.
    A conceptual framework for platform-based design of non-assembled products2017In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 68, p. 20-34Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the use of platform-based product family design of assembled products has been reconceptualised into a framework of platform-based design of non-assembled products for the process industries. As a point of departure, platform-based design is defined as shared logic in a company's activities, and a "function-based" leveraging strategy is employed to identify non-assembled products with similar characteristics and commonalities among product families, related production processes and raw materials. It is proposed that a production platform philosophy and platform-based design of non-assembled products should rely on Product platforms, Process platforms and Raw-material platforms that are well-integrated into common Production platforms, in an end-to-end perspective. However, platform-based design of non-assembled products may differ depending on whether company production relies solely on a captive raw material base or on purchased raw materials on the open market, or on both. The congruence of the development of Production platforms with the QFD methodology and House of Quality was noted in this study, as well as the simplicity of using the methodology on homogeneous products compared to multi-level hierarchical assembled products. It is argued that the proposed conceptual framework can be used in internal company discussions and reviews whether and how such an approach in product innovation can be a fruitful avenue to explore and adapt.

  • 326.
    Lager, Thomas
    MOTILab, University Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Benguerir, 43150, Morocco.
    A reassessment of the QFD Product Development Methodology from the Perspective of Knowledge Creation and Utilization2017In: International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, ISSN 1743-8268, E-ISSN 1743-8276, Vol. 8, no 3/4, p. 232-258Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The quality function deployment (QFD) methodology has been in use for over 40 years and is still going strong as an important methodology for product innovation, and it is consequently of interest to account for what outcomes a company can expect. Departing from the construct of potential and realised absorptive capacity, the framework included the concepts of organisational learning, transactional memory systems and tacit and explicit knowledge transformation. The conclusion is that the QFD methodology is an important instrument for “knowledge creation and utilisation” in product innovation. The scientific evidence indicates that this often unrecognised capability can be a ‘hidden gem’ in methodology use. The matrix named the “House of Quality” emerged in an era when the QFD methodology foremost was regarded as a quality tool, but in the light of the findings, one could suggest that this matrix today could more properly be renamed as the “House of Knowledge”.

  • 327.
    Lager, Thomas
    EMINES, School of Industrial Management, Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Ben Guerir, 43150, Morocco.
    Managing Innovation & Technology in the Process Industries: Current practices and future perspectives2016In: Procedia Engineering, ISSN 1877-7058, E-ISSN 1877-7058, Vol. 138, p. 459-471Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The "family" of process industries spans multiple industrial sectors and thus constitutes a substantial part of all manufacturing industries, including petrochemicals and chemicals, food and beverage, mining and metals, mineral and materials, pharmaceuticals, pulp and paper, steel, and utilities. This article begins by reviewing methods and tools used in the process industries for effectiveness improvements, such as technology road-mapping, R&D strategy development, and portfolio balancing. Next, more efficiency-related areas of R&D like work processes and methodologies like quality function deployment, and collaboration in an open innovation approach are introduced. Both areas relate to product and process innovation from idea generation to implementation. Starting from this platform of current knowledge, future perspectives on the need for new approaches and tools for improved Management of Innovation & Technology in the process industries are reviewed and discussed.

  • 328.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Innovation and production management in the process industries - In search of a conjoint approach2021In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 105Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 329.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. SIQ - The Swedish Institute for Quality, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Deployment Of Innovation Methodologies As Supporting Instruments For The Product Innovation Process In The Process Industries2022In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, article id 2250057Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous empirical research on the industrial use and usability of methodologies and tools for product innovation is often based on national samples, and generally focuses on a few select industry sectors and typically lacks a perspective on methodologies as supportive instruments for the product innovation work process. Moreover, even if some studies recognise the problems with low company methodology awareness and use, the underlying causes remain unexplained. In a survey mode of inquiry involving informants in 19 global manufacturing companies in six sectors of the process industries, this study explores use and usability of methodologies in the development of non-assembled products in the process industries. While the findings demonstrate a rather scarce use of innovation methodologies, when they are used case-company informants not only report a high degree of usability but also recommend that all introduced methodologies should be included in an enhanced product innovation work process. The discussion advocates that an overarching strategy for methodology use should be institutionalised by company R&D management, including a "methodology tool-box"of select methodologies, and further facilitated by trained methodology experts as "ambassadors".

  • 330.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Fundin, Anders
    The Swedish Institute for Quality, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Innovation methodologies and Design Thinking as supporting instruments in the development of non-assembled products2023In: Journal of Business Chemistry, ISSN 1613-9615, E-ISSN 1613-9623, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 9-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a review and theoretical analysis, Quality Function Deployment, Design Thinking and complementary methodologies have been assessed as supporting instruments in the development of non-assembled products. The findings demonstrate that QFD and DT characteristics substantially differ and that DT lacks many aspects of importance for process-industrial application. However, the results show that the methodologies are complementary in use; thus, an indepth knowledge of both methodologies could create a company competitive advantage in product innovation. Companies in the process industries are thus advised to use the results as a guiding framework for methodology selection and use in the different parts of the product innovation work process.

  • 331.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Hassan-Beck, Haitem
    ADNOC.
    Success factors for intra-firm process technology transfer, and a petrochemical outlook2020In: Journal of Business Chemistry, ISSN 1613-9615, E-ISSN 1613-9623, Vol. 17, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 332.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Liiri, E.
    Stora Enso, Division Wood Products, World Trade Center, Klarabergsviadukten 70, C4, P. O. Box 70395, Stockholm, SE-10724, Sweden.
    From conceptualisation to industrialisation-uncovering the intrinsic nature of product development of non-Assembled products2023In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, article id 2050039Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a survey mode of inquiry, involving informants from 19<FOR VERIFICATION>global manufacturing companies in six sectors of the process industries, this study explores the intrinsic nature of product innovation of non-Assembled products. Results show that the characteristics of the "transformation-based"production system in the process industries should not only govern the design of the total product innovation work process and the selection and use of related experimental environment but will also influence the design of the forthcoming production system. It is noted that pilot-planting and full-scale production trials are important instruments not only during the product development phase, but also afterward in solving B2B customers' post-launch production problems. It is concluded that the experimental output from the product development phase of the product innovation work process for non-Assembled products is both a new product design and a new foundation for the production process design.

  • 333.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Samuelsson, Peter
    KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Managing product variety under operational constraints: A process-industrial outlook2019In: Journal of Business Chemistry, ISSN 1613-9615, Vol. 2, no 6, p. 134-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using a newly developed conceptual framework on “platform-based design of non-assembled products,” the process-industrial applicability of the framework in production and product design was investigated. In a survey of Nordic process industries the research instrument included a comprehensive questionnaire designed to stimulate respondents to act as “multiple informants”. The results indicate that the presented framework challenged company paradigms and working practices, but acknowledged the applicability of many components in the new framework. Moreover, the new findings suggest that the framework additionally can be deployed as an instrument in an assessment of corporate strategic production capabilities. The framework can already serve as a “theoretical coat hanger” for analyzing current company practices, but moreover as a point of departure for company introduction of platform-based production philosophy and a platform-based design of non-assembled products. Apart from the framework used in this study, publications in this area are scarce. The findings fulfill the criteria for a theoretical contribution since the results have both originality and high utility for academics as well as practitioners. 

  • 334.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    University Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Ben Guerir, Morocco.
    Samuelsson, Peter
    KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Storm, Per
    KTH-Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Modelling company generic production capabilities in process industries2017In: International Journal of Operations & Production Management, ISSN 0144-3577, E-ISSN 1758-6593, Vol. 37, no 2, p. 126-161Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In the process industries, it is essential to have a well-articulated manufacturing strategy within companies. However, to facilitate manufacturing strategy development, it is important to start with a good characterisation of the material transformation system and company production capabilities. The paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach: A grounded theory approach, with inspiration from configuration modelling, attempted to characterize the material transformation system as a set of variables. The variable development was based on a literature review and the knowledge base of five industry experts. Two exploratory mini-case studies were carried out, primarily to illustrate the use of the model, but additionally to test its industrial usability. Findings: A set of 31 variables was developed, and related measures and scales were tentatively defined. Two mini-cases supported the usability of the model. The model, focussing on company generic process capabilities, is a conceptual taxonomy and the study’s theoretical contribution. Research limitations/implications: The lucidity of the definitions and scales for the variables are open to further refinement, and the limited discussions of variable relationships in this study are addressed in an agenda for further research. Practical implications: The model can be deployed as a facilitative instrument in the analysis of company material transformation systems and may serve as a platform in further discussions on companies’ strategy development. Originality/value: The model is a new instrument for analysing company generic process capabilities and an effort to build new theory rather than to test an existing one.

  • 335.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Simms, C. D.
    Faculty of Business and Law, University of Portsmouth, Portland Street, Portsmouth, PO13DE, United Kingdom.
    From customer understanding to design for processability: Reconceptualizing the formal product innovation work process for non-assembled products2023In: Technovation, ISSN 0166-4972, E-ISSN 1879-2383, Vol. 125, article id 102750Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper explores company design of a formal work process for non-assembled products, using a survey mode of inquiry with a follow-up questionnaire in an interactive dialogue with selected case-companies. The preliminary findings suggest that in the development or reconfiguration of company product innovation work processes in the process industries, it is advisable to design a work process that is adapted to inherent and contextual process-industrial conditions. It is further indicated that such a product innovation work process requires greater product and process integration from ideation to product launch and increased focus on the industrialization phase. The proposed novel five-phase structural model presented in a Stage-Gate format, can be deployed as a guiding template in company development or reconfiguration of an enhanced product innovation work process for the development of non-assembled products. 

  • 336.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Simms, Christopher Don
    University of Portsmouth, UK.
    In search of a product innovation work process for non-assembled products2020In: International journal of technological learning, innovation and development, ISSN 1753-1942, E-ISSN 1753-1950, Vol. 12, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

     The family of process industries embodies multiple industrial sectors and make up an important part of the entire manufacturing industries of particular importance for late-industrializing countries. In a review of the extant literature on product innovation work processes and best practice innovation of non-assembled products, an integrated conceptual framework has been developed. The novel framework is proposed to guide and invigorate company development and design of individualized product innovation work processes more adapted to process-industrial contextual and innovation conditions. Due to the coupling between products and the production systems in the process industries, it is concluded that development of new products must be better integrated with the development of necessary production capabilities in an end-to-end work process perspective. Research on fuzzy front-end of process-industrial product innovation has been amalgamated but it is demonstrated that more attention should be paid to industrialization and market launch; here denominated the bumpy back-end.

  • 337.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Simms, Christopher Don
    Faculty of Business and Law, University of Portsmouth, Portsmouth, PO13DE, Portland Street, UK.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Sweden.
    Managing Ideation and Concept Integration in the Product Innovation Work Process for Non-Assembled Products2023In: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 20, no 3, article id 2350016Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In an exploratory inquiry, involving informants in 19 global manufacturing companies in six sectors of the process industries, ideation, and concept integration during the pre-development of non-assembled products was studied. New and previously deployed constructs and concepts related to innovation in a process-industrial context have initially been developed, refined, and empirically tested. The findings demonstrate the importance of an early integration of constructs and concepts for raw material innovation, innovation-related process technology, and product innovation, as a prerequisite for successful ideation of new or improved products in the process industries. Companies in different sectors of the process industries can implement and use the novel “integrated framework” for contextualization and conceptualization of new product ideas in their development or reconfiguration of an enhanced work process for non-assembled products.

  • 338.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Storm, P.
    Department of Material Science and Engineering, KTH – Royal Institute of Technology, Brinellvägen 23, Stockholm, SE-10044, Sweden.
    From product supplier to solution provider – integrating a service perspective in the product innovation work process for non-assembled products2023In: International Journal of Process Management and Benchmarking, ISSN 1460-6739, E-ISSN 1741-816X, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 479-506Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a survey mode of inquiry with informants in 19 global manufacturing companies in six sectors of the process industries, integration of product-service offerings (PSO) in the product innovation work process for non-assembled products has been examined. The results reveal that the case-companies have already come far on what one could characterise as a service infusion journey. The findings further indicate that it is advisable not only to articulate and institutionalise a PSO strategy during the contextualisation phase of a work process but also to include service development early in conceptualisation during pre-product development. A novel three-phase PSO sub-process has been developed and is proposed to be integrated in the product innovation work process. Apart from the confirmation of a need to deploy proper product launch strategies, a more general process-industrial dilemma has been identified related to the extremely long ‘time-to-break-even’ for product introductions during the post-launch phase.

  • 339.
    Lager, Thomas
    et al.
    EMINES-School of Industrial Management, Université Mohammed VI Polytechnique, Ben Guerir, 43150, Morocco.
    Tano, Kent
    LKAB, Malmberget, Sweden.
    Anastasijevic, Nikola
    Outotec GmbH, Ludwig-Erhard-Strasse, 21, Oberursel, D-61440, Germany.
    Open Innovation and Open Production: A case of a technology supplier/user collaboration in the process industries2015In: International Journal of Innovation Management, ISSN 1363-9196, E-ISSN 1757-5877, Vol. 19, no 2, article id 1550022Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the process industries, it is rather uncommon for companies to develop new process technology or even to manufacture new process equipment. As a result, they are highly dependent upon various kinds of equipment suppliers in their effort to acquire new process equipment in order to improve their operating performance. Two previously presented theoretical frameworks for collaboration during the innovation and operations stages have been merged for use as a research instrument in a single case study on the collaboration between a mineral producing company and a supplier of technology and equipment. The evidence from this study shows that it is beneficial for collaborating partners to engage in upfront discussions of pros and cons before entering collaborations. Collaboration during the "innovation stage" was determined to be an interesting avenue to follow for both parties. The need for collaboration during the production stage seemed to be most important during the "start-up" and "optimisation and upgrading" phases. The combined frameworks have proven to be a powerful research instrument for studying the selected kind of collaboration.

  • 340.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linneaus University, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    The effects of quality management on workplace health and stress2018In: Organisational learning in consciousness-based education,a multiple case-study QMOD, 2018, Cardiff, United Kingdom, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 341.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linneaus University, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    The effects of workplace learning on employee health2018In: 15th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM´18, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 342.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Towards sustainable quality management: exploring underlying mechanisms2018In: Zero energy mass customized housing ZEMCH, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 343. Landoni, Paolo
    et al.
    Delléra, Claudio
    Ferraloro, Gregorio
    Peradotto, Mattia
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Design contribution to the competitive performances of SMEs: The role of design innovation capabilities2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 344.
    Lantz, Annika
    et al.
    University of Uppsala, Sweden.
    Brav, Agneta
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Job Design for Learning in Work Groups2007In: Journal of Workplace Learning, ISSN 1366-5626, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 269-285Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - What is required of job design and production planning, if they are to result in a work group taking a self-starting approach and going beyond what is formally required of it? This paper aims to contribute to group research by testing a theoretical model of relations between job design on the one hand (captured as completeness, demand on responsibility, demand on cooperation, cognitive demand, and learning opportunities), and reflexivity and learning processes within natural work groups in industry on the other hand. Design/methodology/approach - The results are based on detailed task analyses and questionnaires from 40 work groups at the shop-floor level in manufacturing industry in Sweden. Findings - Job design and work routines show strong effects on reflexivity and learning processes. Four dimensions of job design - completeness, demand on cooperation, cognitive demand and learning opportunities - impact on reflexivity and learning processes. Job design correlates with social routines, and social routines with work routines. Practical implications - It is crucial to create a job design that putschallenging demands on the group if group processes are to be characterized by reflexivity and learning. Managers have a challenging task to provide both a space and a climate that supports reflexivity and learning. All functions affected by production planning need to be involved in job design to balance conflicts between productivity and innovation. Originality/value - Detailed task analysis is worthwhile as it captures aspects that are prerequisites for innovative groups not previously accounted for.

  • 345.
    Larsson, Stig
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Expected influence of ethics on product development process2006In: tripleC: Communication, Capitalism & Critique, E-ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 4, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development efficiency and effectiveness is depending on a process being well executed. The actions of individuals included in the processes are influenced by the ethical and moral orientations that have been selected by each individual, whether this selection is conscious or not. This paper describes different ethical choices and the expected effects they may have on the development process exemplified by the product integration process for software products. The different frameworks analyzed are utilitarianism, rights ethics, duty ethics, virtue ethics and ethical egoism. The expected effects on the goals for product integration may be debated. This is a result in it self as it triggers discussions about ethical considerations and increase the awareness of the influence of moral decisions. Our conclusion is that the adherence to specific moral frameworks simplifies the alignment of actions to the practices described in product development models and standards and through this supports a more successful execution of product development projects. This conclusion is also confirmed through a comparison between the different directions and several codes of ethics for engineers issued by organizations such as IEEE as these combine features from several of the discussed ethical directions.

  • 346.
    Larsson, Stig
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Ekdahl, Fredrik
    Are limited non-intrusive CMMI-based appraisals enough?2003In: Proceedings of the ESEIW 2003 Workshop on Empirical Studies in Software Engineering WSESE 2003, 2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    An integral part of the strategy for performance improvement within the product development at ABB is the use of CMMI-based appraisals. Each appraisal represents an investment by the organization to lay the best possible foundation for improvements. The challenge is to balance the investment, the intrusiveness and the benefits. Depending on different organizational characteristics, different kinds of appraisals should be used. All appraisals are driven by data collection and consequently the quality of an appraisal depends on the data collection methods used. In this paper we outline strategies used in ABB for selection of appropriate CMMI appraisals and data collection methods. Early results indicate that the use of a series of appraisals can be a way to overcome the resistance in an organization. We also claim that a discussion is needed on the reliability and validity of the appraisal methodologies and on the feasibility to base decisions regarding process improvement strategies on appraisal results.

  • 347.
    Leander, Björn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. ABB AB, Process Control Platform, Västerås, Sweden.
    Markovic, Tijana
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Causevic, Aida
    Lindström, Tomas
    ABB AB, Process Control Platform, Västerås, Sweden.
    Hansson, Hans
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Punnekkat, Sasikumar
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Simulation Environment for Modular Automation Systems2022In: IECON 2022 – 48th Annual Conference of the IEEE Industrial Electronics Society, IEEE Computer Society, 2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When developing products or performing experimental research studies, the simulation of physical or logical systems is of great importance for evaluation and verification purposes. For research-, and development-related distributed control systems, there is a need to simulate common physical environments with separate interconnected modules independently controlled, and orchestrated using standardized network communication protocols.The simulation environment presented in this paper is a bespoke solution precisely for these conditions, based on the Modular Automation design strategy. It allows easy configuration and combination of simple modules into complex production processes, with support for individual low-level control of modules, as well as recipe-orchestration for high-level coordination. The use of the environment is exemplified in a configuration of a modular ice-cream factory, used for cybersecurity-related research.

  • 348.
    Leberruyer, Nicolas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Facilitating the Adoption of AI-driven Zero Defect Manufacturing in Production Systems2024Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing focus on sustainability is pushing companies to update their production systems. These systems need to facilitate the production of products with the latest sustainable technologies and innovations, while also producing these new products with lower environmental impact. To maintain high customer satisfaction, these systems must consistently deliver high-quality products. However, current quality management approaches, focused on minimal variations, might hinder this shift.

    Zero Defect Manufacturing (ZDM), an emerging quality approach, leverages Artificial Intelligence (AI) to monitor products and processes in real-time, allowing for early defect detection and prevention. Many production systems generate vast amounts of data which is often not used to its full potential. Research shows that AI has the potential to unlock the hidden insights within this data, leading to transformative improvements in quality and overall efficiency. However, successfully adopting AI-driven ZDM requires expertise in AI and production while also overcoming technological and organizational challenges.

    The purpose of this licentiate thesis is to investigate the adoption of AI-driven ZDM in production systems, examining its impacts, challenges, and facilitators during the development process. The research involved collaboration with a company producing transmission components for the heavy-duty automotive industry. A two-year case study was conducted, enabling the in-depth exploration of data throughout the development of four real-world AI-driven ZDM applications in a production system. This approach provided valuable insights into the practicalities of adopting AI to ensure ZDM.

    The findings show that successful implementation requires specific prerequisites: lean manufacturing practices lay the groundwork for AI integration, a high-impact quality issue motivates investment and data collection, collaboration among diverse experts is crucial, and robust IT capabilities ensure smooth data storage and analysis. Furthermore, anomaly-detection AI models and the generation of "plausible defects" are key enablers for overcoming data limitations in complex defect detection. The study emphasizes the importance of early engagement to identify data needs, define extraction methods, and address potential implementation limitations. In addition, it recommends an iterative approach to continuously improving the solution and incorporating feedback throughout the process. This comprehensive approach can pave the way for a future of sustainable manufacturing, leading to significant cost savings and increased customer satisfaction.

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  • 349.
    Leberruyer, Nicolas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Afshar, Sara Zargari
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Enabling an AI-Based Defect Detection Approach to Facilitate Zero Defect Manufacturing2023In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Production Management Systems for Responsible Manufacturing, Service, and Logistics Futures / [ed] Alfnes, E., Romsdal, A., Strandhagen, J.O., von Cieminski, G., Romero, D, 2023, p. 643-649Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Artificial Intelligence (AI) has proven effective in assisting manufacturing companies to achieve Zero Defect Manufacturing. However, certain products may have quality characteristics that are challenging to verify in a manufacturing facility. This could be due to several factors, including the product’s complexity, a lack of available data or information, or the need for specialized testing or analysis. Prior research on using AI for challenging quality detection is limited. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to identify the enablers that contributed to the development of an AI-based defect detection approach in an industrial setting. A case study was conducted at a transmission axle assembly factory where an end-of-line defect detection test was being developed with the help of vibration sensors. This study demonstrates that it was possible to rapidly acquire domain expertise by experimenting, which contributed to the identification of important features to characterize defects. A regression model simulating the normal vibration behavior of transmission axles was created and could be used to detect anomalies by evaluating the deviation of new products compared to the model. The approach could be validated by creating an axle with a built-in defect. Five enablers were considered key to this development.

  • 350.
    Leberruyer, Nicolas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Afshar, Sara Zargari
    Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Toward Zero Defect Manufacturing with the support of Artificial Intelligence—Insights from an industrial application2023In: Computers in industry (Print), ISSN 0166-3615, E-ISSN 1872-6194, Vol. 147, article id 103877Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Zero Defect Manufacturing (ZDM) concept combined with Artificial Intelligence (AI), a key enabling technology, opens up new opportunities for improved quality management and advanced problem-solving. However, there is a lack of applied research in industrial plants that would allow for the widespread deployment of this framework. Thus, the purpose of this article was to apply AI in an industrial application in order to develop application insights and identify the necessary prerequisites for achieving ZDM. A case study was done at a Swedish manufacturing plant to evaluate the implementation of a defect-detection strategy on products prone to misclassification and on an imbalanced data set with very few defects. A semi-supervised learning approach was used to learn which vibration properties differentiate confirmed defects from approved products. This method enabled the calculation of a defect similarity ratio that was used to predict how similar newly manufactured products are to defective products. This study identified four prerequisites and four insights critical for the development of an AI solution supporting ZDM. The key finding demonstrates how well traditional and innovative quality methods complement one another. The results highlight the importance of starting data science projects quickly to ensure data quality and allow a ZDM detection strategy to build knowledge to allow for the development of more proactive strategies, such as the prediction and prevention of defects. 

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