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  • 251.
    Javadi, Siavash
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Characteristics of product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries: A case study2016Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, ISSN 1741038X, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 535-559Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand how the characteristics of low-volume manufacturing industries influence the product introduction process and factors which can facilitate that process in low-volume manufacturing industries.

    Design/methodology/approach: A literature review in combination with a multiple-case study were used to achieve the purpose of the paper. The multiple-case study was based on two product development projects in a low-volume manufacturing company.

    Findings: The main identified characteristics of the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries were a low number of prototypes, absence of conventional production ramp-up, reduced complexity of the process, failure to consider the manufacturability of the products due to an extensive focus on their functionality, and increased complexity of resource allocation. It was determined that knowledge and experiences from prior production of similar products could serve as a facilitator of the manufacturing process.

    Research limitations/implications: The main limitation of this study is that the identified characteristics and facilitating factors are confined to the internal variables of the studied company. A study of the role of external variables during the product introduction process such as suppliers and customers could be the subject of future studies.

    Practical implications: This research will provide practitioners in low-volume manufacturing industries with general insight about the characteristics of the product introduction process and the aspects that should be considered during the process.

  • 252.
    Javadi, Siavash
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Product development in low-volume manufacturing industries: Characteristics and influencing factors2015Ingår i: DS 80-4 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15) VOL 4: DESIGN FOR X, DESIGN TO X, 2015, s. 145-154Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development process has a considerable effect on factors such as time to market and quality of product which are vital for manufacturing companies to remain competitive. Therefore, study of the factors which influence the product development process such as characteristics of products and production systems is necessary to support and improve the product development process. Since most of the studies have been conducted in the context of high-volume manufacturing industries, the influences of characteristics of low-volume products and production systems on the product development process in such industries have not been considered sufficiently. In this paper, characteristics of low-volume products and production systems, their inter-relations and their influences on the product development process have been studied through a multiple case study. A general map of characteristics of low-volume products and production systems and their inter-relations was presented in this paper. Moreover, the influences of these characteristics on product development process including the reduced complexity of the process and lack of opportunities for test and refinement were discussed.

  • 253.
    Jederström, Kathrina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Andersson, Sebastian
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Process Innovation Challenges: - how to reduce Uncertainty through Discrete Event Simulation2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den nuvarande konkurrenskraftiga marknaden har ett företag många utmaningar ifall de vill lyckas. Det räcker nämligen inte längre med att ha bra produkter utan de måste också förbättras på andra sätt. Ett sätt att uppnå detta på, är att genomföra förändringar i den nuvarande produktionen, en metod för detta är introducera en processinnovation på företaget. Under detta arbete har fördelarna relaterade till processinnovation upptäckts i befintlig litteratur, till exempel genom att ökad konkurrentskraftighet, produktivitet och synlighet för fabriken. Dessvärre framkallar implementeringen av en processinnovation osäkerheter.

    Diskret händelse simulering (DES) modeller har i tidigare forskning föreslagits som ett verktyg för at minska osäkerheter i tillverkningsföretag, medan de planerar att genomgår en förändring. Forskning om hur simulering hanterar fabriker som genomgår en processinnovation har i hög grad ignorerats. De här studien har för avsikt att undersöka just det området där nuvarande forskning brister, nämligen om ifall DES modeller kan minska osäkerheter i processinnovationer. Tre forskningsfrågor har tagits fram för att styra arbetet:

    1. Vilka kännetecken har introduktionen av processinnovation i en produktionsprocess kontext?

    2. Hur påverkas produktionsprocess hos tillverkande företag av de osäkerheter som processinnovation medför?

    3. Hur kan DES användas för att bidra till minskandet av osäkerheter i tillverkande företag som introducerar processinnovation?

    För att besvara dessa frågor genomfördes an litteraturstudie och en fallstudie som innehöll simulering. Fallstudien som utfördes på ett tillverkningsföretag som är i planeringsstadiet för att införa en processinnovation. Innovationen har för avsikt att göra produktionen mer miljövänlig och samtidigt skapa en fördel över konkurrenterna. Nuvarande planering är fylld av osäkerheter eftersom tillägget av någonting nytt alltid gör det. Därför är reduceringen av osäkerheter avgörande för att en implementering ska kunna genomföras

    Genom att identifiera forskning inom området, och jämföra den med resultat från företagsrelaterade intervjuer och workshops, identifierade kännetecken på processinnovation och hur processinnovation skapar osäkerheter. Genom att använda DES i examensarbetet, minskades antalet osäkerheter, till fullo och delvis, och nya osäkerheter identifierades. Dessutom visar resultat på studien att simulering kan användas som ett visualiseringsverktyg för att skapa en diskussionsplattform angående framtida förändringar i produktionen.

  • 254.
    Johanson, Ulf
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Following the adoption of Japanese IC-guidelines during 10 years2015Ingår i: The Japan Intellectual Capital Management JournalArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 255.
    Johanson, Ulf
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fischer, Thomas
    Nuremberg and Erlangen University.
    Intellectual capital disclosures and investrors' perceptions of a company's reputation - an international perspective2012Ingår i: Wissenbilanzen im Mittelstand / [ed] Fischer, T. und Wulf, I., Stuttgart: Schäffer-Poeschel Verlag , 2012, s. 125-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper attempts to extend the understanding of the interaction between firms and investors with respect to the role of intellectual capital disclosure. Due to the quickly intensifying interest of firms and policy-makers in intellectual capital disclosure (as regards, for example, intellectual capital statements, social responsibility reporting, and integrated reporting), there is an urgent need to study the role of intellectual capital disclosure in building and maintaining corporate reputation. Using two empirical investigations with a focus on human capital as core element of intellectual capital—a German experiment and a Swedish focus group study—as points of departure, this paper argues that there is a need for complementary investigations of contextual, social character, and other approaches in studies of the interface between accounting and finance. The paper begins with a very brief overview of prior research on human capital disclosure. Sections 2 and 3 discuss the German and Swedish studies, followed by an analysis in section 4, where the concept of ‘reputation’ is introduced. In the concluding section 5, suggestions for further exploration are made.

  • 256.
    Johansson, B.
    et al.
    ept Ind & Mat Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bärring, M.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Ind & Mat Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Flores-García, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wahlström, M.
    RUAG Space AB, Microwave Prod Unit, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenges of data acquisition for simulation models of production systems in need of standards2019Ingår i: Proceedings - Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2019, s. 691-702Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the challenges in data acquisition for simulation models of production systems based on two cases from the robotics and aerospace industries. Unlike prior research, we focus not only on the challenges of data acquisition but also on how these challenges affect decisions in production systems. We examine this linkage using the concepts of strategic objectives, decision areas, and internal fit from operations management literature. Empirical findings show that for data acquisition to lead to improved production system performance it is necessary to develop standards. Standards should consider ownership of data by different functions within a manufacturing company, alignment of data to performance measurements, and the connection between data, information, and production decisions. Using these concepts, this paper proposes a set of guidelines that facilitate the standardization of data acquisition for simulation models in production systems. We conclude by discussing the managerial implications of our findings. 

  • 257.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jonkoping Univ, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Malardalen Univ, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Safsten, Kristina
    Jonkoping Univ, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Adolfsson, Ann-Cathrine
    Jonkoping Univ, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    IMPLEMENTATION OF R&D MANAGEMENT MODELS IN GLOBAL ORGANISATIONS2015Ingår i: DS 80-3 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15) VOL 3: ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses implementation of R&D management models in global product development organisations. The study rests upon empirical material originating from five industrial companies that was collected via workshops and interviews. A number of enablers for and barriers to implementation of R&D management models have been identified. The study adds to the current theory on how companies with global organisations can ensure that the R&D management model is implemented throughout the entire organisation. In addition, the practical value refers to that the identified enablers and barriers support companies in their strive towards better adherence to the R&D management models in product development projects.

  • 258.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Lean and green product development: two sides of the same coin?2014Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 85, s. 104-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares and contrasts the lean product development (LPD) and green product development (GPD) concepts through a systematic literature review including 102 journal publications. The review resulted in 14 findings that were organised according to four dimensions: general, process, people and tools/techniques. A number of similarities between the concepts were found. For example, implementation of both concepts calls for a systems perspective where the dimensions of process-people- tools/techniques are linked holistically. Differences between the LPD and GPD concepts lie in: their goal and focus, value construct, process structure, performance metrics, and tools/techniques used. The findings do not unambiguously support that "green thinking is thinking lean" and consequently it cannot be argued that LPD and GPD are two sides of the same coin, meaning that LPD automatically leads to greener products or that GPD ensures improvements and efficiency in the product development process. However, it is reasonable to conclude that LPD and GPD belong to the same "currency". That is, the concepts share a number of similarities that indicate a synergistic relationship. This synergistic relationship has been accentuated by a nine propositions where the potential for cross-field learning is shown.

  • 259.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    KTH - Royal Institute of Technology, Sweden.
    Sustainable Manufacturing2019Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The transition to more sustainable manufacturing is urgently needed. We need to produce with radically less use of energy, virgin material and other resources. As a response to those needs, sustainable manufacturing has emerged as a concept and practise with the underlaying goal that manufacturing shall preserve resources, still contributing to economic growth and human welfare. The manufacturing industry plays a central role in addressing the UN’s global sustainable development goals.

    Sustainable Manufacturing focuses on development and operations of manufacturing systems and processes, with manufacturing’s environmental impacts in focus. The chapters in the book are organised from a life cycle perspective bringing up topics and showing how a manufacturing company can address sustainability issues in each life cycle stage.

    This book is designed to be an introductory textbook applicable for students in higher education and for industrial practitioners, seeking an overview of sustainable manufacturing. It contains nine chapters which are easy to digest and include numerous examples of how to implement sustainable manufacturing in practice.

  • 260.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Embedding innovation-oriented work practices in lean production systems2014Ingår i: ISPIM Americas Innovation Forum ISPIM, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 261.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Kompetens och förutsättningar för praktikbaserad innovation. Från självreglerat till expertstött förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete2017Ingår i: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 22, nr 1-2, s. 124-144Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete drivs inom tillverkande industri i många fall med en ambition att involvera medarbetare på alla nivåer i en organisation. I artikeln adresseras hur förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete kan organiseras inom industriell produktion och hur det inverkar på förutsättningarna för ett kompetent utförande av förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete. Två fallstudier från tillverkande industri utgör det empiriska underlaget. I resultatet identifieras två spänningsfält för förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete: självorganiserat-avsiktligt organiserat, samt självreglerande-expertstött arbete. I spänningsfälten identifieras fyra positioner: Den intuitivt drivna, den gruppdrivna, den coachdrivna och den vägledningsdrivna. En slutsats är att en begränsad distribuerad kompetens är en allt för svag katalysator för att bedriva förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete i de självreglerande positionerna. Expertstöd i form av en kompetent andre kan genom facilitering eller handledning möjliggöra mer av utforskande aktiviteter och kan då bidra till att bryta med invanda handlingsmönster i sökandet efter nya lösningar. Det möjliggör mer av ett arbetsintegrerat lärande samt utgör en viktig grund för framväxt av praktikbaserad innovation.

  • 262.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Organizing viable development work in operations2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 49-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to give an account of and discuss how viable development work can be organized and engage employees on all levels of an organization, which, depending on the specific needs, enables the emergence of both exploitation and exploration. A further aim is to describe the relationship between how development work is carried out and the opportunities afforded by such work for continuous learning of development work competence. The empirical material contains several examples of how employees are committed to improving their own operations, which in itself is an important prerequisite for a continuous work-integrated learning. However, the empirical findings presented in this chapter indicate that this is not a sufficient condition for the long-term development of skills relevant to pursuing structured development work. One conclusion to draw is that development work needs to be treated as a domain-specific competence in itself, which in turn needs to be distributed throughout the organization. 

  • 263.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Transcending the dichotomy of exploitative and explorative work orientations2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 264.
    Johansson, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Badasjane, Viktoria
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploring the integration process of new practices for knowledge sharing2019Ingår i: 26 th EurOMA Conference EurOMA, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to provide new perspectives on the implementation of new operations management practices by applying three different but interrelated frameworks: Human Interaction Dynamics, Normalization Process Theory, and Professional competence as ways of being. The empirical material in this paper is based on a case study within a global manufacturing company, and more specific the development and implementation of a new OM practice for knowledge sharing at one of the sites in Sweden. A mixed-method approach is used, and the empirical material is collected through analysis of a database, two group interviews, and a survey.

  • 265.
    Johansson, Peter E
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Solving the bottlenecks. The craftsmanship of collaborative research2018Ingår i: Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 266.
    Johansson, Peter E
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Döös, Marianne
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet, Sweden.
    Visualisations of Relatonics: A Tool to Support Change in the Organising of Work?2014Ingår i: Impact of Emerging Digital Technologies on Leadership in Global Business / [ed] Smith, P. & Cockburn, T., IGI Global, 2014, s. 166-182Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is based on theorising and analysis from an ongoing research and development project exploring the use of visualisations in task-based development, specifically the potential of new types of organisational images that may support understanding about work-integrated learning. Thus, the aim of the chapter is to explore the possibilities of visualising work-integrated competence networks—here referred to as relatonics—and contribute to the understanding of how such visualisations can support efforts of organising change when organisational boundary-crossing cooperation is needed for a significant task. A conclusion is that images representing relatonic can be utilised to identify areas with a developmental need and, in this way, are a resource to make more knowledgeable interventions and enable a relatonic to emerge in certain directions.

  • 267.
    Johansson, Peter E.
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    Research Institute of Sweden, Västerås, Sweden.
    Let us measure, then what?: Exploring purposeful use of innovation management self-assessments.2019Ingår i: International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management, ISSN 0265-671X, E-ISSN 1758-6682, Vol. 36, nr 10, s. 1734-1749Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding regarding how managers attempt to make purposeful use of innovation management self-assessments (IMSA) and performance information (PI).

    Design/methodology/approach

    An interpretative perspective on purposeful use is used as an analytical framework, and the paper is based on empirical material from two research projects exploring the use of IMSA and PI in three case companies. Based on the empirical data, consisting of interviews and observations of workshops and project meetings, qualitative content analysis has been conducted.

    Findings

    The findings of this paper indicate that how managers achieve a purposeful use of PI is related to their approach toward how to use the specific PI at hand, and two basic approaches are analytically separated: a rule-based approach and a reflective approach. Consequently, whether or not the right thing is being measured also becomes a question of how the PI is actually being interpreted and used. Thus, the extensive focus on what to measure and how to measure it becomes edgeless unless equal attention is given to how managers are able to use the PI to make knowledgeable decisions regarding what actions to take to achieve the desired changes.

    Practical implications

    Given the results, it comes with a managerial responsibility to make sure that all managers who are supposed to be engaged in using the PI are given roles in the self-assessments that are aligned with the level of knowledge they possess, or can access.

    Originality/value

    How managers purposefully use PI is a key to understand the potential impact of self-assessments.

  • 268.
    Johansson, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Osterman, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Conceptions and operational use of value and waste in lean manufacturing - an interpretivist approach2017Ingår i: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, E-ISSN 1366-588X, Vol. 55, nr 23, s. 6903-6915Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we explore how the key concepts of lean manufacturing, value, value adding and waste are conceived and operationally used by Lean trainers in operational work processes. A comparative case study with a mixed method approach, using an explanatory sequential design, was conducted. This means that a set of quantitative data were collected, which was followed by the collection of qualitative data with the purpose of explaining and understanding the quantitative measures. An interpretivist approach is used as a framework, which implies a perspective on contemporary operations management paradigms, such as lean manufacturing, as a continuous construction of inter-subjective experiences. What becomes evident in the empirical findings is that there are both similarities and differences in the Lean trainers conceptions and use of value adding and waste. The similarities and differences can be explained by variations in two dimensions: (a) the character of the work process, which ranges between mechanical and craftsmanship, and (b) Lean trainers approach to key concepts, which ranges between being rule-based and reflective. By using a research design where the concepts of value adding and waste were used simultaneously, and adopting an interpretivist approach on lean manufacturing, we were able to reveal conditions that in other cases remain hidden.

  • 269.
    Johansson, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Osterman, Christer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Interpretations and assessments of value and waste in lean manufacturing –: a comparative case study2016Ingår i: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 270.
    Johnsen, Andreas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Architecture-Based Verification of Dependable Embedded Systems2013Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kvalitetssäkring av tillförlitliga inbyggda system är en ständigt växande utmaning då utvecklare av sådana system är tvungna att bygga allt mer komplexa system inom allt mer begränsade budgetar. Då komplexiteten av systemen ökar måste systemarkitekter göra allt mera komplicerade beslut om systemens arkitekturdesign. Processen att besluta arkitekturdesignen av ett tilltänkt system är det allra första, och det mest signifikanta, steget att försäkra att det utvecklade systemet kommer uppnå dess krav, inklusive krav på dess möjlighet att tolerera defekter. Då dessa designbeslut dessutom har en nyckelroll i designen av ett tillförlitligt inbyggt system har de en omfattande effekt på utvecklingsprocessen samt den största påverkan på det utvecklade systemet. På grund av detta kommer ett felaktigt beslut om arkitekturdesignen propagera igenom hela utvecklingsprocessen och sannolikt resultera i ett system som inte uppnår kraven, får en oacceptabel tillförlitlighetsnivå, och kostsamma korrigeringar. De är därmed kritiska med hänsyn till kvaliteten och tillförlitligheten av ett inbyggt system, och kostnaden av utvecklingsprocessen. Således är det kritiskt att förhindra felaktiga beslut om arkitekturdesign och, så tidigt som möjligt, detektera och avlägsna felaktiga beslut som inte har lyckats att förhindras.

    Användningen av språk för arkitekturbeskrivning hjälper utvecklare att hantera den ökande komplexiteten genom standardiserade kommunikationsmedel och förståelsemedel. Dessutom möjliggör en formell beskrivning automatiserad och formell analys av arkitekturdesignen.

    Bidraget av denna licentiatavhandling är ett formellt kvalitetssäkringsramverk för säkerhetskritiska, prestandakritiska och uppdragskritiska inbyggda system specificerade i arkitekturbeskrivningsspråket ”Architecture Analysis and Design Language” (AADL). Ramverket är utvecklat genom adaptionen av formella metoder, i synnerhet traditionella modellkontrolltekniker och modellbaserad testningstekniker, till AADL, med hjälp av att definiera formella verifikationskriterier för AADL och en formell AADL-semantik. Modellkontroll av AADL-modeller analyserar modellens fullständighet, konsistens och korrekthet och möjliggör automatisk undvikande av felaktiga arkitekturdesignbeslut, kostsamma korrigeringar och hot mot kvalitet och tillförlitlighet. Därutöver kan ramverket automatiskt generera testsviter från AADL-modeller för att testa ett utvecklat system mot den bestämda arkitekturdesignen. En lyckad testsvitexekvering garanterar att arkitekturdesignen är korrekt implementerad. Metoder för selektiv regressionsverifiering är inkluderade i ramverket för att på ett kostnadseffektivt tillvägagångssätt verifiera en, tidigare verifierad, arkitekturdesign som har blivit modifierad, såsom efter en korrigering av ett felaktigt designbeslut.

  • 271.
    Johnson, M. P.
    et al.
    Department of Public Policy and Public Affairs, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, United States.
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Centre for Systems Studies, Business School, University of Hull, Hull, United Kingdom.
    Wright, J.
    Department of Public Policy and Public Affairs, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, United States.
    Chichirau, G.
    Department of Public Policy and Public Affairs, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, United States.
    Community Operational Research: Innovations, internationalization and agenda-setting applications2018Ingår i: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 268, nr 3, s. 761-770Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 272.
    Johnson, Michael P.
    et al.
    Univ Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, USA.
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Univ Hull, England.;Victoria Univ Wellington, New Zealand.;Univ Canterbury, Sch Polit & Social Sci, Christchurch, New Zealand.;Univ Queensland, Sch Agr & Food Sci, Brisbane, Qld, Australia..
    Chichirau, George
    Univ Massachusetts Boston, Boston, USA..
    Emerging trends and new frontiers in community operational research2018Ingår i: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 268, nr 3, s. 1178-1191Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Community Operational Research (Community OR), and its disciplinary relation, Community-Based Operations Research, has an increasingly high profile within multiple domains that benefit from empirical and analytical approaches to problem solving. These domains are primarily concentrated within nonprofit services and local development. However, there are many other disciplines and application areas for which novel applications and extensions of Community OR could generate valuable insights. This paper identifies a number of these, distinguishing between 'emerging trends' (mostly in well-studied areas of operational research, management science and analytics) and 'new frontiers', which can be found in traditions not commonly oriented towards empirical and analytical methods for problem solving, where community-engaged decision modeling represents new ways of generating knowledge, policies and prescriptions. This paper will show how the exploration of emerging trends and new frontiers in Community OR can provide a basis for the development of innovative research agendas that can broaden the scope and impact of the decision sciences. D .

  • 273.
    Johnsson, Mikael
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    External Innovation Driver (EID) - a Developing and Organization Learning Service in Innovation Management. Three cases where an EID develop and learn SMEs innovation management2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative companies are more successful than non-innovative ones, but there seems to be a lack of knowledge in innovation-management. Can an EID (External Innovation Driver) develop and learn a SME (Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises) about innovation management? If so, should the EID be supported by a STP (Science and Technology Park)? The scope of this study includes three cases where SME:s in Sweden got education and idea-developing-support through one idea-generating phase and one idea-developing phase. Out of 55 identified ideas in Phase One, 12 ideas were developed in Phase Two. The SME:s got education from “Learning by watching” combined with “Learning by doing” according to the RAFT-model, which resulted in 6 ideas reaching the market, 1 idea became a research project and 5 ideas were terminated. The SME:s felt it secure to know that the EID was a neutral and trusted person, supported by a STP, not claiming for partnerships.

  • 274.
    Jönsson, Li
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Broms, L.
    Interactive Institute, Portgatan 3, SE-633 42 Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Katzeff, C.
    Interactive Institute, Portgatan 3, SE-633 42 Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Watt-Lite; energy statistics made tangible2010Ingår i: DIS 2010 - Proceedings of the 8th ACM Conference on Designing Interactive Systems, 2010, s. 240-243Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing our knowledge of how design affects behaviour in the workplace has a large potential for reducing electricity consumption. This would be beneficial for the environment as well as for industry and society at large. In Western society energy use is hidden and for the great mass of consumers its consequences are poorly understood. In order to better understand how we can use design to increase awareness of electricity consumption in everyday life, we will discuss the design of Watt-Lite, a set of three oversized torches projecting real time energy statistics of a factory in the physical environments of its employees. The design of Watt-Lite is meant to explore ways of representing, understanding and interacting with electricity in industrial workspaces. We discuss three design inquiries and their implications for the design of Watt-Lite: the use of tangible statistics; exploratory interaction and transferred connotations. © 2010 ACM.

  • 275.
    Karim, Aria
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Schnelzer, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Differences in Lengths of Life of Production Equipment & Production Systems and their implications on Acquisition & Replacement Processes2015Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Nuförtiden blir användandet av avancerade produktionsutrustningar allt vanligare inom produktionsindustrin, framtida utmaningar i marknaden kräver flexibilitet inom produktionsindustrin på grund av växande konkurrens och respons på efterfrågan. Beslut gällande anskaffning och utbyte av produktionsutrustningar spelar en stor roll i produktionsindustrins framtida lönsamheter och konkurrenskraftighet. Produktions-utrustningars livscykel är beroende av teknisk, ekonomisk och konceptuell livslängd. De tekniska och ekonomiska livslängderna är kopplade till produktionsutrustningar medan den konceptuella livslängden är kopplad till produktionssystemet.

    Bedömningsprocessen vid anskaffning och utbyte av produktionsutrustningar inom produktionsindustrin kräver delaktighet från olika ansvariga avdelningar. Perspektiv variationer och prioriteringar gällande ekonomisk, teknisk och konceptuell livslängd skiljer sig mellan olika avdelningarna. I brist på samarbete och utvärderingar av kritiska faktorer skapas kvalitets- och kapacitetsproblem inom produktionsindustrin. Detta projekt utreder problem gällande etablering av ett hållbart och långsiktigt tänkande med hänsyn till ekonomisk och teknisk livslängd av produktionsutrustningar samt konceptuell livslängd av produktionssystemet i ett tidigare skede av bedömnings-processen.

    Följande forskningsfrågor har undersökts i detta projekt: Vilken effekt har olika livslängder på produktionsutrustningar samt produktionssystemet, och vad har de för koppling? Vad är grunden för anskaffnings- och utbytesbedömningar av produktions-utrustningar? Hur inverkar relationen mellan köpare och leverantörer på livslängden av produktionsutrustningar? Detta examensarbete är baserat på både teoretiska och empiriska undersökningar. En fallstudie genomfördes med en enkät och intervjuer för att samla in data till analysen och besvara forskningsfrågorna.

    Den tekniska och konceptuella livslängden är båda baserande på ekonomisk lönsamhet och måste anpassas till produktgenerationer. Dyra inverteringar i produktions-utrustningar är kritiska och kan vara riskabla för produktionsindustrin om marknads-experter är uteslutna eller om framtida produktgenerations prognoser inte beaktades i anskaffningsprocessen. Information och kunskap från leverantörer av produktions-utrustningar måste beaktas i ett tidigt skede vid konceptutveckling inom produktions-system.

  • 276.
    Karlsson, David
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Produktanpassning vid insourcing av bearbetning: Tillverkningsanpassad konstruktion och insourcing i produktutvecklingsprocessen2017Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hög produktkvalitet och låg tillverkningskostnad är avgörande för den ekonomiska framgången för en produkt, och för att uppnå en sådan framgång används metoden tillverkningsanpassad konstruktion (DFM). DFM är en väldigt integrativ metod och kräver ett tvärfunktionellt arbete mellan experter så som produktionstekniker, produktionsberedare och tillverkningspersonal (Ulrich & Eppinger, 2014).

    Volvo CE har ett kontinuerligt arbete med DFM och det utförs idag genom många iterationer och direkt kontakt mellan tillverknings- och utvecklingsavdelningen. Trots det kontinuerliga arbetet med DFM eftersöker nu avdelningen Driveline Systems Product Improvement en metod för detta arbete, eftersom att ingen metod används idag. Metoder för DFM finns beskrivna på flera olika sätt och av flera olika författare, och i detta arbete undersöks metoder av Ulrich & Eppinger (2014), Dalton et al. (2016) and O’Driscoll (2002). En standardiserad metod och ett överskådligt arbete med DFM kan skapa bättre förutsättningar för kunskapsåterföring för att se och lära från tidigare arbeten kopplat till tillverkning av produkterna.

    Samtidigt som en DFM-metod efterfrågas undersöks Volvos nuvarande produktutvecklingsprocess, DMAIC, på den aktuella avdelningen, som idag är anpassad till utveckling och förbättringar av befintliga artiklar. För det aktuella ärendet är orsaken att öka beläggningen och genomförandet föregås således inte av någon förbättring eller utveckling av artiklarna. Därför ska det aktuella insourcing-ärendet jämföras mot Volvos egna process. För att knyta an det aktuella ärendet till vedertagna produktutvecklingsprocesser används en teoretisk produktutvecklingsprocess, och ärendet jämförs även mot denna process.

    I arbetet utförs fältarbete, inklusive fallstudier och intervjuer, samt en kompletterande litteraturstudie runt metoden DFM och insourcing. I fältarbetet undersöks två externt tillverkade artiklar som två fall som väljs ut genom ett projektval, vari totalt sex artiklar ingår från början. För att genomföra projektvalet och vidare utveckling av artiklarna tillämpades i huvudsak Ullmans (2010) produktutvecklingsprocess med tillhörande metoder (relevanta för detta arbete), med något inslag av Ulrich & Eppingers (2014) process.

    Utifrån den eftersökta metoden för arbete med DFM, och aktuella fallstudier och processer ska följande frågor besvaras:

     

    Hur korrelerar en insourcing-process med teoretiska produktutvecklingsprocesser och Volvos produktutvecklingsprocess?

    I vilka steg i insourcing-processen är det relevant att inkludera DFM?

     

    Aspekter kopplat till tillverkningsanpassad konstruktion, och således DFM, är aspekter som påverkar tillverkningskostnaden. Vid insourcing är förädlingskostnaden och skiftgraden de mest relevanta och kanske viktigaste aspekterna, som bör adresseras redan i projektvalet. Både förädlingskostnaden och skiftgraden är aspekter som påverkar tillverkningskostnaden. Vid insourcing är det dessutom viktigt att beakta orsaker till outsourcing, som inte framgår i varken processen DMAIC eller Ullmans (2010) process. Kopplat till processerna jämfört med insourcing-ärendet så förekommer vissa skillnader mellan både Ullmans (2010) produktutvecklingsprocessen och Volvos process DMAIC, även om en del likheter också finns.

  • 277.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Creating Business with Strategic Innovation Management: how STPs can contribute to the next generation of competitive companies by incorporating innovation advice as a strategic tool2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 278.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Direct and Indirect Innovation Integration in Swedish SMEs Business Strategy2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is a central strategic issue for companies who wants to repeatedlyinnovative and build long-term competitiveness. Research stresses the importance of strong linkages between innovation and the strategic orientation of a company. Despite that does both research and experience show that SME:s often have a short-term focus on results and are low-risk oriented towards incremental innovations or show a reactive, non-strategic approach towardsinnovation. This case study survey to what extent innovation is an, direct or indirect, integrated part of a SME:s overall business strategy. The case study was conducted at one Swedish SME in three stages with 10 participants with broad representation of management and employees from the entire company. Innovation was found to be strongly centred to the persons of top management, have strong informal linkages to top levels of formal business strategy but with weak integration at practical action oriented levels of strategy.

  • 279.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    INNOVATION AUDITING THE AUDIT & THE AUDITOR: (from the perspective of the internal auditor)2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    There are many innovation audits that aim to contribute to increased innovativeness through systematic monitoring and review. In line with this the purpose of this study is to build knowledge that increases both the academic and the practical user-value of innovation audits.

    Previous research in the innovation audit area is mainly focused on the audit tool and to some extent the auditing process, with a strong bias towards what to audit, rarely addressing more than just the measuring- and assessment phases. Most audits involve internal staff in audit-related work such as self-assessments, and thus employees from the audited organisation can also be regarded as internal auditors (executors). Previous research indicates that the ability of the internal auditor impacts the audit’s execution and that the audit design affects how auditor-demanding the execution of the audit becomes. Despite this there is very little research that concerns the internal auditor’s role in the auditing process.

    To better understand how the abilities of individual internal auditors affect the audit process, I formulated two questions for the licentiate thesis: What types of shortcomings in the audit process are influenced by deficient auditor maturity? and What are the consequences of these shortcomings on the audit process? The concept of auditor maturity is here used familiarly to describe the internal auditors’ level of ability to independently perform their auditing tasks in an appropriate manner without any further support than what is provided by the audit tool.

    The empirical data were collected in two qualitative case studies with 21 participants from two SMEs. 92 written questionnaire and 23 interviews were conducted and complemented by a literature review. My use of two subdivisions of the audit process is central to the thesis and to my knowledge not previously used: firstly the division into three phases: the pre-assessment phase, the assessment phase and the post-assessment phase, and secondly the division into three parts: the audit (the tool), the auditor (the executor) and the auditing (the execution). The analytical focus is on shortcomings in the internal auditors’ ability to execute their auditing tasks.

    Several shortcomings in this respect were identified and can be grouped based on the following characteristics: Conceptual, Contextual, Auditor interaction, Strategic & operational and Adaption.

    The main contribution of this research is by highlighting the internal auditor’s role in the audit process, to discuss all the phases of the process and to introduce the perspectives of audit, auditor and auditing under the unifying concept of the audit process.

  • 280.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The importance of skill and experience in innovation auditing2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation auditing is by both academia and practitioners considered to be important for differentpurposes such as increased innovativeness and a multitude of auditing tools and methods exist. Majority of these doto some extent use best practice and most provides explicate judgment criteria why their dependence of theauditors’ skill and experience is relatively low. A literature review was conducted to deepen the understanding ofhow the auditors’ skill and experience is considered in current innovation audit literature. Only a few were found toaddress the issue explicitly but a majority contained examples of situations where skill or experience of the auditoraffected the audit process. Innovation auditing doesn’t only seem to provide a base for increased innovativenessand maturation but also requires auditing maturity.

  • 281.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Assessment competence and its importance for IMA-tool use2017Ingår i: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 282.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johnsson, Mikael
    Interview Supported Innovation Audit: How does a complementary interview affect the understanding of an innovation audits results when the interview is vased on the audit statements.2010Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: SMEs tend to lack the ability of sustainable development throughcost-effective and repeated innovation. One way to find out a currentinnovation state is to run a self-assessment innovation audit, which are wellused but got critics to not show reliable results The authors formed researchquestion: How might a complementary interview affect the understandingof the result of the innovation audit when the interview is based on the samestatements used in the audit? The study was conducted at two Swedish SMEswith a mix of management and personnel. 21 respondents at both companiesanswered 840 audit-statements and equal amount of interview questionsrephrased from a “how-perspective”. 4 audit-statements were left blank and103 interview questions were answered, “I don't know”. A great differ inthe respondents understanding appeared and the conclusion was that a selfassessment innovation audit might not show reliable results conducted without a complementing interview.

  • 283.
    Karlsson, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Winbo, Karolina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Assessment and Support?: AiR - A Pilot Project on Support Systems for Innovation in Automation Industry2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Various methods to assess innovation are used in companies and organizations. Audits provide little support for day to day use and few explicitly address how companies can benefit from the audit results in terms of e.g. how to learn, formulate goals and operationalization. Based on a concrete example, this paper explores how innovation assessment can be considered a tripartite audit process designed to support learning and give an increased cultural support for innovation. In the paper the audit process will be discussed from the perspectives of what, who and how. 'What' address the tool and assessment area, 'who' focus on the people that participates in the assessment process and 'how' on the very assessment execution. The awareness of the notion 'innovation' among the 70 industrial companies in the Automation Region Network in mid-Sweden are typically low, and as a response to that a pilot study project Automation Innovation Region (AiR) started in 2012 to develop support for innovation. During one year 2014/2015, employees in five companies (N=44) participated in the study. The project developed a process, AiR Innowatch (Innowatch), combining a photo-based workshop on innovation, three workshops with themes on innovation climate, a web based weekly assessment tool, and a quarterly survey. The tools focus on innovation culture (what), the process highlights reflection, learning and integration (how) on assessment results from the perspective of individual, group and organisational (who) perspective. The goal was to design a learning based audit process that supports the companies to independently continue their work for increased innovativeness after the formal assessment process. This paper present the tools developed and the results from the pilot study as a base for discussion on auditing as a tool that supports learning and development of an organisational culture for increased innovativeness in established organisations. 

  • 284.
    Khalid, Omar
    et al.
    KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Caliskan, Duygu
    KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ore, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Hanson, Lars
    Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Simulation and evaluation of industrial applications of Human-Industrial Robot Collaboration cases2015Ingår i: Nordic Ergonomics Society 47th Annual Conference NES 2015, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Presented in this paper are two cases from a heavy vehicle manufacturer which demonstrate the potential width of Human-Industrial Robot Collaboration workstations. Case I simulates in machining environments, the assisted inspection of inline engine blocks and Case II simulates in logistics environments, the assisted material preparation for assembly line orders. The analysis and simulations were carried out with a software tool that combined digital human modelling, robotic simulation, path planning and use of technical computing tools. Results demonstrate the improvement of process ergonomics and cycle time.

  • 285.
    Khan, Taha
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Westin, Jerker
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Dougherty, Mark
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Classification of speech intelligibility in Parkinson's disease2014Ingår i: Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering BBE, ISSN 0208-5216, Vol. 34, nr 1, s. 34-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A problem in the clinical assessment of running speech in Parkinson's disease (PD) is to track underlying deficits in a number of speech components including respiration, phonation, articulation and prosody, each of which disturbs the speech intelligibility. A set of 13 features, including the cepstral separation difference and Mel-frequency cepstral coefficients were computed to represent deficits in each individual speech component. These features were then used in training a support vector machine (SVM) using n-fold cross validation. The dataset used for method development and evaluation consisted of 240 running speech samples recorded from 60 PD patients and 20 healthy controls. These speech samples were clinically rated using the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale Motor Examination of Speech (UPDRS-S). The classification accuracy of SVM was 85% in 3 levels of UPDRS-S scale and 92% in 2 levels with the average area under the ROC (receiver operating characteristic) curves of around 91%. The strong classification ability of selected features and the SVM model supports suitability of this scheme to monitor speech symptoms in PD.

  • 286.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Development of collaborative green lean production systems2014Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis deals with development of lean and green production systems from an action research point of view. The studies focus on Swedish-based automotive and vehicle industries and their aims to integrate sustainable thinking and environmental care into their operations management.

    Starting from operations management in manufacturing and corporate sustainable development, the research is built on how to integrate these two views into one production system. The systematic structure of a multiple-target improvement process with methodologies and tools designed to achieve the sustainability vision has been studied. Since lean as well as green production is based on the entire value chain, the research has gone beyond legal company limits and included the collaborative efforts between suppliers and customers in the value chain.

    The thesis includes six papers and describes approaches on how to implement integration, how to structure and integrate improvement management systems, how to set up an integrated monitoring and control system for the business and how to organise and redesign green lean tools and methodologies to support collaboration towards common targets.

    The results can be used for exploration and hypothesis formulation for further studies and development of integrated production systems and collaboration systems. The thesis helps answering how to integrate and implement company-specific green lean production systems.

  • 287.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    De Goey, H.
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Can Social Sustainability Values be Incorporated in a Product Service System for Temporary Public Building Modules?2017Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, Vol. 64, s. 193-198Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The temporary constructions industry has cost efficiency and sustainability challenges that may require new innovative business models as well as product and processes. This paperaims to discuss how social sustainability services can be included in product service system (PSS)by investigating a case where employment is offered in distributed temporary building module manufacturing in the PSS context. The case has been evaluated against PSS literature. Recent reviews and literature on inclusion of social sustainability and PSS for buildings were used. It is concluded that the current concept fits basic definitions of PSS although it is not typical. The social value of employment is difficult to evaluate and inclusion in PSS needs further research. Design practice could be used to further develop the services in the studied concept. 

  • 288.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Hildenbrand, Jutta
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Jönsson, Christina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF.
    Design for green lean building module production - Case study2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, E-ISSN 2351-9789, Vol. 25, nr 8, s. 594-601Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    With an increasing societal need for temporary buildings, while construction industry faces resource and time efficiency challenges, factory assembly of modular buildings can be a solution. This case study at a start-up company uses experiences from assembly system design and eco-design literature to propose green lean design principles to be used in the design and development of building modules and their assembly stations. The eco-design strategy wheel is used as a basis and adapted for the assessment of green and lean building manufacturing.

  • 289.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Miljögiraff, Environmental Consultants, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wendin, Marcus
    Miljögiraff, Environmental Consultants, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bengtsson, Cecilia
    Volvo Group, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Magnus, Wiktorsson
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Waste flow mapping to improve sustainability of waste management: A case study approach2015Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 98, nr 1, s. 304-315Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovative, resource-efficient solutions and effective waste management systems capture value in business and contribute to sustainability. However, due to scattered waste management responsibilities in the vehicle industry and the orientation of operations management and lean tools, which mostly focus on lead-time and labour-time improvements, the requirement of a collaborative method to include material waste efficiency in operational development is identified. The main purpose of this research is to study how operations management and environmental management can be integrated on an operational level and include the waste management supply chain. Based on a literature review of environmental and operational improvement tools and principles, the gaps and needs in current practice were identified. A large case study implementing a waste flow mapping (WFM) method on a set of manufacturing sites revealed potentials in terms of reducing material losses and inefficiencies in the handling of materials and waste. Finally, the integrated WFM method was analysed with respect to the gaps and needs identified in the existing body of tools for operational and environmental improvement. The method combines lean manufacturing tools, such as value stream mapping with cleaner production and material flow cost accounting strategies. The empirical data showed that the WFM method is adequate for current state analysis of waste material efficiency potentials, especially when multiple organisations are involved. However, further development and specific methods are needed such as, for example, logistics inefficiencies, root cause analysis, implementation guidelines for best practice and systems for performance monitoring of actors.

  • 290.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wendin, Marcus
    Bengtsson, Cecilia
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Amprazis, Pernilla
    Waste flow mapping: Handbook2017Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 291.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF, Box 104, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Sjögren, P.
    ABB Offshore Wind Connections, Gårdatorget 1, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF, Box 104, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Widfeldt, M.
    Swerea IVF, Box 104, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Production System Change Strategy in Lightweight Manufacturing2016Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, 2016, s. 160-165Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Two change management strategies: a minimum change, exploitation strategy (kaizen) and a maximum output, exploration strategy (kaikaku) have been applied in a manufacturing case study. Value stream mapping and discrete event simulation were used to analyse the production system changes, with regards to robustness and total lead-time, to increase knowledge of how to choose change management strategy. The results point out that available time is crucial. It is important to consider not only product specification and return of investment, but also the change and risk management. Future research should develop engineering change management further.

  • 292.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Mölndal, Sweden; Chalmers.
    Ulrika, Harlin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Hallin, Malin
    RISE - Research Institutes of Sweden, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Carina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Berglund, Martina
    Linköping University, HELIX Competence Centre and Logistics and Quality Development, Linköping, Sweden.
    Florin, Ulrika
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Anna, Landström
    Chalmers University of Technology, Technology Management and Economics, Supply and Operations Management division, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Designing visual management in manufacturing from a user perspective2019Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, Elsevier, 2019, Vol. 84, s. 886-891Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many organisations use daily meetings, whiteboards and an information system for employee intra-communication. While Operation Management research is often management centred, Human Centred Design, instead, takes a user’s perspective. This research aims to reflect upon and describe a method, applied in practice in a double case study within manufacturing, on how to (re-)design meetings and visual management boards, and what type of information and key performance indicators are most relevant for the personnel. The paper proposes a lean Kata-improvement inspired design method, which takes the personnel’s perspective on design of daily visual management.

  • 293.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    Swerea IVF AB, Sweden.
    Magnus, Wiktorsson
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Harlin, Ulrika
    Swerea IVF AB, Sweden.
    Lean and green integration into production system models – experiences from Swedish industry2014Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 85, s. 180-190Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on integration of operations management, specifically production system models with environmental management and related issues such as quality and safety. Based on knowledge concerning lean-based improvement programmes for company-specific production systems (XPS) and integration between formal management systems, such as ISO 9001 and 14001, industrial practices from integrating management systems with the XPS were studied. A literature-based comparison between formal management systems and XPS is made, indicating integration potentials. The empirical research is an analysis of five vehicle and automotive companies in which various efforts have been made to integrate their management systems with their XPS. The results show that although conscious steps have been taken since the introduction of ISO 14001 in integrating environmental management into everyday operations, there are still obstacles to overcome. To fully include sustainability aspects, the characteristics of the improvement systems have to be adapted and extended. One barrier to extended integration is the lack of integration strategy. There is further a lack of sustainability metrics and adaptation of improvement methods to push companies' operational performance. In addition, organisational issues still arise concerning the responsibility and ownership of environmental management in relation to operations. Based on these results it is concluded that processes for integration are recommended; however, each organisation needs to consider its operations, corporate culture and business opportunities of its environmental management. Still, incorporating environmental management systems into XPS is seen as an effective way of establishing company commonality in continuous improvement, resulting in holistic understanding and improved organisation performance.

  • 294.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The Influence of Mindful Music Experience and Body Movement on Creative Productivity2013Övrigt (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to examine how perceptions of music and body movement respectively influence creative productivity, compared to a traditional learning situation. The main hypothesis was that there is a significant difference in creative output (ideational fluency) for people who listen to music or engage in physical body movement compared to passive listeners (traditional classroom or conference setting). The result gave no indication of any effect of music or physical movement on ideational fluency compared to the control group. In the aftermath, we realized that we used specialists as a control, which probably obscured the result.

  • 295.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linneaus University, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The effects of quality management on workplace health and stress2018Ingår i: Organisational learning in consciousness-based education,a multiple case-study QMOD, 2018, Cardiff, United Kingdom, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 296.
    Lagrosen, Stefan
    et al.
    Linneaus University, Sweden.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The effects of workplace learning on employee health2018Ingår i: 15th International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management and Organisational Learning, ICICKM´18, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 297.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Towards sustainable quality management: exploring underlying mechanisms2018Ingår i: Zero energy mass customized housing ZEMCH, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 298.
    Lagrosen, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Waldorf pedagogy as an innovative approach for school health and learning2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, ECIE, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2019, Vol. 1, s. 572-580Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    A research project regarding health promotion for school health, in the context of a Waldorf School received grants from the Swedish National Agency for Education. Waldorf pedagogy contains methods different from contemporary pedagogy such as integrating aesthetics and movement together in the learning process. The purpose of the study is twofold. First, to explore and evaluate the methods used in Waldorf pedagogy regarding their effects on health and learning. Second, to evaluate the suitability of the approach and methodologies per see for this kind of study. A case-study has been carried out involving pupils, staff and parents. A verified measurement instrument has been used. It is aimed at measuring health, quality and learning and it was further refined to better fit the present context. Quality dimensions previously identified for pupils and staff were used. Questionnaires were sent with a response rate ranging from 66% to 100%. Based on the questionnaires, pertinent questions were defined and explored in five quality cafés based on the world-café methodology. Feed-back from five focus-group interviews including all of the above-mentioned categories were also collected. In addition, a follow-up questionnaire was sent to co-workers and pupils. The results indicate that the school's activities with their basis in Waldorf pedagogy might have a health-promoting effect, since the school's activities are of high quality and the health of the pupils is generally good. The pupils greatly appreciated the quality cafes which gave them a forum to discuss things thoroughly as well as experiences of being listened to. The focus group interviews revealed that the pupils generally think that the school is good now, even better than before this project. Other perceived effects of the study concern increased team-building, happiness, increased awareness of importance of teachers' health, advantages of serving healthy food for learning and acceptance of each pupil's uniqueness. The study provides a holistic methodology to evaluate health promotion activities in a school project and provides insight into benefits of the Waldorf pedagogy. 

  • 299.
    Landoni, Paolo
    et al.
    Politecn Milan, Milan, Italy.;MIP Business Sch, Masters Open Innovat & Knowledge Transfer, Milan, Italy..
    Dell'Era, Claudio
    Politecn Milan, Dept Management Econ & Ind Engn, Milan, Italy.;Politecn Milan, MaDe Lab, Lab Lab Educ Management Design & Innovat, Milan, Italy..
    Ferraloro, Gregorio
    Univ Sao Paulo, FEARP, Ribeirao Preto, Brazil..
    Peradotto, Mattia
    RMIT Univ, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecn Milan, MaDe Lab, Lab Lab Educ Management Design & Innovat, Milan, Italy.;Politecn Milan, Management Innovat, Milan, Italy.;Harvard Sch Business, Boston, MA USA.;Copenhagen Business Sch, Design Management, Copenhagen, Denmark..
    Design Contribution to the Competitive Performance of SMEs: The Role of Design Innovation Capabilities2016Ingår i: Creativity and Innovation Management, ISSN 0963-1690, E-ISSN 1467-8691, Vol. 25, nr 4, s. 484-499Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The strategic role of design-driven innovation is being increasingly recognized. Many studies show that investments in design positively influence the innovative capacity of firms and consequently their competitive performance. However, few researchers have explored how this relationship comes about. The studies that over the years have contributed to the understanding of design have identified two main barriers: the lack of a common language on design, and poor analysis of the dynamics that characterize the relationship between investment in design and competitive performance. In this paper, we investigate six small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) located in the Lombardy region of Italy that have received funding from a policy aimed to develop design innovation capabilities. We identify and discuss five different design innovation capabilities and we analyse their role in mediating the relationship between investment in design and competitive performance.

  • 300. Landoni, Paolo
    et al.
    Delléra, Claudio
    Ferraloro, Gregorio
    Peradotto, Mattia
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Karlsson, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Design contribution to the competitive performances of SMEs: The role of design innovation capabilities2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
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