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  • 21951.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Everskog, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Forsberg Wallin, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hyltefors, Maja
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Larsen, Sofie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Storyboarding - Framing the "frame" of opportunity2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The design brief is commonly a written description of a scope for a design problem that requires some kind of visual design. The exploration of opportunities before formulating the design brief results in framing and reframing the problem to create a common shared understanding of the problem. In this paper the applicability of Storyboard, the actual making of the storyboard, and its values to the front-front end of innovation is examined. Experiments has been performed in order to test three hypotheses and validate the results, in total four experiments was performed consisting of 25 teams developing 17 concepts. The three hypotheses focus, regarding type of innovation, scope and level of ambiguity, creates understanding of the values storyboarding can add with regards to framing opportunity for innovation in the front-front end of innovation. The result shows that storyboarding contribute to a narrow focus in creating the brief. Regarding the innovation type the hypothesis could not be confirmed, but storyboarding enables a reflection on both meaning and function. There were also some indications on ambiguity in the brief, but this hypothesis was not confirmed.© 2013 The Design Society.

  • 21952.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Demystifying Innovation and Design - the Importanze of Visualization in Ideation and Conceptual Design2012In: Proceedings of DESIGN 2012, the 12th International Design Conference, Dubrovnik, Croatia, vol. 1, 2012, p. 1627-1635Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper will discuss how design and design thinking can contribute to an innovative development process in a conscious, controlled, and cost effective way. The subject will be reviewed from a theoretical and a practical point of view. In order to analyse and build an understanding of the design thinking phenomenon in practice, the paper will analyse a case study based on interviews at IDEO, a company successful in its work with innovative development using design thinking and comparing this with generic success factors and Schön’s paradigm of the reflective practice.

  • 21953.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Visualization in Reflective Practice - Support for Management2012In: Design Management Journal, ISSN 1045-7194, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 62-73Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21954.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy .
    Exploring storyboarding in prebrief activities2013In: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED: Volume 7 DS75-07, 2013,, 2013, p. 11-20Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Creating ideas is no longer seen as a challenge within companies, creative sessions and brainstorming is widespread in most companies. However, when creating a design brief there is a lack of tools and methods finding problems and framing situations of interest. This paper examines the characteristics of storyboarding, the making of the storyboard, in pre-brief activities. In an explorative study 54 teams participating in an idea development workshop is analyzed. The workshop was developed using theories from design, visual thinking and narrative, using visual tools in every step with a focus on framing a situation of interest. This study provides an initial understanding of storyboarding in a new area and tentatively suggests that storyboarding stimulate creativity and reflection on emotions in the situation of interest. It also seems like storyboarding stimulates teams in organizing and discussing raw data widely. Storyboarding seems promising as a method but needs to be compared to the traditional way of describing a brief, a written document. An experiment is suggested to evaluate the differences between pre-brief activities made with storyboarding compared to written.

  • 21955.
    Wikström, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Storyboarding: Framing and reframing the design brief2013In: DS 75-7: Proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED13), Design for Harmonies, Vol.7: Human Behaviour in Design, Seoul, Korea, 19-22.08.2013, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents findings from an explanatory experiment, developing understandingabout Storyboarding in the front front end of innovation. The experiment set-up is to test howStoryboard is different from the common way of working before creating a design brief,writing documents, and to create a research agenda in order to explore this phenomena indepth. The experiment was performed in the context of a multidisciplinary conceptdevelopment course with eight teams. These teams were divided in two groups where onegroup created a Storyboard brief and the other a written brief. As results three hypotheses aredeveloped for further research. Also we conclude that Storyboard seems to be more promisingto support innovation projects that need focusing in a narrower area, but in that area moreopen to freedom of interpretation and reframing of a problem at its roots.

  • 21956.
    Wikström, Ann-Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Lantto-Heldebro, Norea
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att främja ungt föräldraskap: Kvalitativ intervjustudie om föräldrastöd i grupp för unga under och efter graviditet2020Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21957.
    Wikström, Cira
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    MAT PÅ 30 MINUTER!: Ett designförslag på hur seriellt berättande kan främja matlagningen för den unga nybörjaren i köket2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens ungdomar lagar för lite mat själva och konsumerar för mycket halv- och helfabrikat. De har växt upp i ett samhälle där snabbmaten är så lättillgänglig att de inte behövt eller känt behov av att lära sig laga mat, förutsatt att de inte har ett genuint intresse för matlagning. Denna brist på kunskap och erfarenhet kring matlagning resulterar i allt för ohälsosamma matvanor när de väl flyttat hemifrån och står på egna ben. När vi dessutom lever i en tid där skola, träningar och andra aktiviteter tar stor del av vår vardagliga tid, är den egna tiden i köket och viljan att försöka lära sig, något som lätt prioriteras bort. Syftet med detta examensarbete är därför att skapa ett designförslag, ett fiktivt supplement till ICA Bokförlags Rutiga Kokboken, som skall förbättra förutsättningarna för ungdomars vardagliga matlagning och därmed främja deras matvanor. Jag har genom ett nära samarbete med Birgitta Rasmusson; kvinnan bakom Rutiga Kokboken, genom kvalitativa intervjuer med målgruppen och teorier om olika medel för visuell kommunikation så som illustration, seriellt berättande och gestaltlagar, studerat hur man skapar en informativ gestaltning mot målgruppens behov och Rutiga Kokbokens grafiska profil. Resultatet blev ett designförslag på en lös bilaga anpassad för Rutiga Kokboken och målgruppen, kvinnor och män 18-25 år. Bilagan är en vardaglig matguide för nybörjaren i köket, som tar upp vardagliga redskap, råvaror och kryddor, samt användningen av dem vid tillredning av mat. Detta genom att servera målgruppen färdiga förslag på näringsrik, enkel mat i form av seriellt berättande illustrationer. Två av de viktigaste faktorerna att tänka på vid val av recept var, förutom utseende, tidsaspekten på max 30 minuter, samt bredden och variationen mellan receptförslagen.

  • 21958.
    Wikström, Karolin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Att skylta lagom: Ett examensarbete om att finna balans mellan frihet och struktur i informationsförmedlingen i en utställningsmiljö.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about the balance between freedom and structure in the information design of an exhibition based on hands-on education. Work is focused on the exhibition The Human Body at Tom Tits Experiment in Södertälje. The exhibition, which was built in 1997, was designed with the idea that signs create barriers and a reluctance to advertise about the "right way".

    The exhibition space has now been compressed and experiments have been grouped into two sections. In connection with this change, the signs in the exhibition come to be reviewed. This is because parents and other adult visitors expressed a desire for more information. The need for information is divided into labels for individual experiments and signage for the exhibition's theme. How this demand can be met without going against the pedagogy and aesthetics that Tom Tits believe is the central point of the work. The solution was based on the thesis that it is possible to gather information at one point to minimize the number of signs in the exhibition.

    Through methods as qualitative interviews, questionnaire survey and spatial analysis have an understanding of the complexity of the problem created. Which largely deals with the contrasts between the child's curiosity and the controlling adult world. The design solution that has been developed, resulting in three (instead of one) points where the focus has been on establishing the exhibition's theme and encourage interactivity. There has also been a quest for uniformity and flexibility, then the problem is not found to the current exhibition and information design throughout the house lacks a common thread. Whereupon consideration has been given to Tom Tits visual profile and the aesthetic that is seen as characteristic of the business. Studies circuits thus largely about Tom Tits, but it is hoped that the work interests a number of players, then a pursuit of general guidelines for the transmission of information have existed.

  • 21959.
    Wikström, Madelene
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Colm, Susanne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att utföra munvård: Ur vårdpersonalens perspektiv2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients with declined oral health condition experienced discomfort in the oral cavity which affected their well-being and their participation in social activities. The risk with a declined oral health condition is several but present research shows a connection between declined oral health condition and systematic diseases. Aim: The aim was to describe the healthcare professional’s experiences of performing oral health care. Method: A systematic review of interpretive research with descriptive synthesis has been conducted through qualitative articles with caring science perspective has been analyzed. Result: The themes that showed were challenges to performing mouth care and a will to do the right thing that effected the performance of oral health care. Under these main themes a total of six subthemes emerged that described the experiences of the health care professional’s performance of oral health care. The experiences that turned out were about prioritization of the oral care. That the performance was complicated when it came to patients who had limited abilities. Poor knowledge was a barrier because the healthcare professional’s felt unsure in performing the oral health care. Discomfort were also something that arose in the results where the healthcare professional’s experienced discomfort associated with oral care. A feeling of wanting to care about the patient’s integrity and an experience of well-being when they performed the oral care were found under the theme a will to do the right thing. Conclusion: The conclusion showed that the health care professional’s need knowledge to feel safe in their performance of oral health care and that their personal experiences had a big influence on their performance.

  • 21960.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A Method for Modelling and Evaluation of Assembly Systems: a Way to Concurrent Engineering1998In: ISATA’98, International Symposium on Automotive Technology and Automation, Dusseldorf , 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21961.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Assembly System Design – an immature field of practice?2000In: Delft Workshop on Assembly Automation, Delft University of Technology, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21962.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Drivers for life cycle perspectives in Product Realization2012In: Acta Technica Corviniensis : Bulletin of Engineering, ISSN 2067-3809, Vol. 5, p. 81-86Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21963.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Early Performance Assessment in Design of Car Assembly Systems2000In: 33rd CIRP International Seminar on Manufacturing Systems, Stockholm, 2000Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21964.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Modelling and Evaluation of Large Assembly Systems: An Approach to a Support Tool for Conceptual Design1998In: CESA’98, IMACS/IEEE international multiconference on Computational Engineering in Systems Applications, 1998Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21965.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The impact of legacy in production system design2012In: Annals of Faculty Engineering Hunedoara : International Journal of Engineering, ISSN 1584-2665, Vol. 10, p. 93-98Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21966.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Andersson, T.
    Volvo Car Corporation, Göteborg, Sweden .
    Broman, M.
    Swedish Institute of Prod. Eng. Res., Stockholm, Sweden .
    A note on the specification of assembly systems2000In: International Journal of Production Research, ISSN 0020-7543, Vol. 38, no 16, p. 3997-4002Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the characteristics and cost of any technical system are highly influenced by the early design phases, little focus has been on thestructure and use of the specification in manufacturing system design, in this paper exemplified by assembly systems for large, high-volume products. This paper proposes a framework for elaborating such specifications. The framework is based on a division in qualifying and winning criteria, and is structured into four classes: functional requirements; internal design constraints; external design constraints; and winning criteria. Defining the specification by these terms is justified and explained by comparing standard mathematical formulation for this kind of problem to theframework. Future research efforts are pointed out where the framework is used throughout the development project for goal-focus, as thespecification is used and refined in an iterative manner.

  • 21967.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sustainable Manufacturing - Challenges and Possibilities for Research and Industry from a Swedish perspective2008In: The 41st CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21968.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reducing environmental impact from manufacturing – an industrial case study2011In: Journal of Production Research & Management, ISSN 2249-4766, Vol. 1, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for technologies and strategies that will reduce environmental impact from manufacturing globally. This paper presents an industrial case study with three objects of study where manufacturing of ‘green’ products are analysed and solutions are presented on reducing environmental impact from manufacturing. The objects represent a conceptual product, a manufacturing ready product and an update of an existing product. The case study also builds the base for presenting a draft analysis scheme for designing a more environmentally sustainable production system. The examples and the proposed analysis scheme are discussed in the context of designing a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable production system.

  • 21969.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reducing Environmental Impact from Manufacturing: Three Industrial Cases for the Manufacturing of ‘Green’ Products2009In: 42nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Grenoble, France, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a gigantic need for technologies and strategies that will reduce CO2 emissions globally. This paper presents three industrial cases in Sweden where manufacturing of ‘green’ products are analysed and solutions are presented where environmental impact from manufacturing is reduced. The cases represent a conceptual product, a manufacturing ready product and an update of an existing product. The cases also build the base for presenting a draft analysis scheme for designing a more environmentally sustainable production system. The cases and the proposed analysis scheme are discussed in the context of designing a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable production system.

  • 21970.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lundin, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Södergren, B.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Automation and flexibility: An apparent or real dilemma?2017In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, vol. 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 35-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are trade-offs between cost and capabilities throughout specification, implementation and operation of automated solutions in manufacturing companies. This chapter describes four identified dilemmas or contradictions while balancing flexibility to automation, based on an empirical study with interviews and workshop in five internationally competitive manufacturing companies. The study generated insights on experienced challenges while implementing automated solutions in manufacturing, and these apparent conflicts between automated solutions and maintaining a high operational flexibility need to be managed as manufacturing automation will continue to increase on all levels. 

  • 21971.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lundin, Mats
    Swerea IVF Mölndal, Sweden .
    Södergren, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Automation and Flexibility: Exploring Contradictions in Manufacturing Operations2016In: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21972.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Groth, Margareta
    Conditions for Innovation: Insights from a multi-case study2011In: Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, ISSN 0718-2724, E-ISSN 0718-2724, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 203-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is based on a multiple-case study of conditions for product-based innovations. Key actors from 18 cases were interviewed concerning the specific character of the innovation process, its parts and phases, with a focus on the realization phase. The cases are analyzed and discussed on the basis of an experience-based framework with seven specific components. In addition, the data are illustrated and discussed by more general themes of successful and unsuccessful innovation processes. It is concluded that the components of the used framework are necessary but individually not sufficient to maintain a continuous friction-free innovation process. The dynamics of the innovation processes are well illustrated by the framework.

  • 21973.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Romvall, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Competitiveness by integrating the green perspective in production: A review presenting challenges for research and industry2010In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2010), 2010, p. 318-325Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental concern has risen as an important topic in management research as well as within the manufacturing industry. The realization that environmental sustainability should be viewed from a value-adding perspective and not only from a regulatory or cost perspective has implied a dramatic change of focus when creating competitive strategies. In production system research, some argue that green is the next great leap after lean, and many publications on the synergies and contradictions of lean and green have been published. This paper aims at high-lighting relevant topics related to environmental sustainability within a production system from the view of academia as well as industry. A review of related research has been performed together with an orienting empirical study of three companies in Sweden. The result reveals that the holistic view is often lost due to trade-offs and uncertainty, implying that incorporating environmental sustainability in an organization becomes difficult. This indicates that there is a growing need for methodology and decision support tools for integrating the green perspective at all levels of the production system. The concepts of continuous improvements and “lean and green” are identified as favorable options to succeed with this integration, implying important areas for future research.

  • 21974.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sivard, Gunilla
    KTH, Industriell Produktion.
    Kjellberg, Torsten
    KTH, Industriell Produktion.
    Life Cycle Approaches on Product Realization: meeting the challenges of future production research2010In: Proceedings of 43rd CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, 2010, p. 204-212Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global increase of manufacturing activities and the need for sustainability, calls for manufacturing strategies and technologies with reduced environmental impact. This paper presents a part of a strategic research initiative in Sweden, established by an ambitious industry-academic collaboration. A cross-organizational and cross-disciplinary focus area has been formulated to develop leading-edge production research for the future: Life cycle approaches on product realization. The research considers the total life cycle of the product and production system on three levels: (1) On a process level, with manufacturing technologies supporting products with high energy efficiency and low materials usage. (2) On a system level, with an extended production system design for the total life cycle of the production and product portfolio. (3) On an information level, with methods and tools covering the life cycles of products and production.

  • 21975.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Södergren, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Asplund, Ola
    IF Metall, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Exploring Site roles in Global Corporations: Balancing Local identity to Global responsibility2016In: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how the lead plant role within an international manufacturing network (IMN) is expressed from a site perspective, in relation to key competitive factors. A participative observational study of a workshop series with five Swedish manufacturing sites, all working within international companies, showed how the sites’ interests challenges and supports the interests of the IMNs. The lead plants are to lead the development and dissemination of new knowledge, but still being competitive in efficiency and delivery. Strong positions within the six analysed competitive factors were generally expressed as positive abilities for being a lead plant within an IMN.

  • 21976.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Varanasi, S.
    University of Florida, US.
    Bai, S.X.
    University of Florida, US.
    An optimal production flow control problem with impulsive demand1997In: Mathematical and Computer Modelling, ISSN 0895-7177, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 53-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a system consisting of a single machine cell and producing one part type. The machine cell has a finite capacity and is reliable. We consider a finite planning horizon containing N impulsive demands. The demand occurs instantaneously. Each such demand is known by its size and when it occurs in the planning horizon. In order to keep the production as close to the demand as possible there is a trade off between building up inventory and letting customers wait. An optimal control problem is formulated to determine the optimal production strategy. Solution technique is developed via Pontryagin's Minimum Principle.

  • 21977.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wikström, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ekman, Sten
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Developing idPeo –- A Multidiciplinary Approach to Product Realization2009In: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 6: DESIGN METHODS AND TOOLS, 2009, p. 67-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the background of a changing industrial landscape and key elements of the realization of complex integrated products, this paper discuss and explore an "innovative" approach towards product concept development methodologies by focusing on creativity, multidisciplinary teams, and decision-making. Throughout 2006-2009 a product realization methodology, the idPeo methodology, has been developed in a university/industry collaboration milieu. Based on a briefly reported literature review, the paper presents the methodology, briefly the three generations of conducted cases and the evolution of the methodology over the years. It is argued that the approach for innovative product realization in concept development, if implemented correctly also into companies' product development process, could contribute to increased flexibility, creativity and tolerance for change. It could also decrease lead time, increase product performance, and decrease uncertainty. 

  • 21978.
    Wilander, Mia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lågas, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    "Som man umgås blir man ju": Tjejgruppers utseendeskapande2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har undersökt hur utseendeskapande tar sig uttryck hos tonårstjejer, för att tillhandahålla ett alternativ till fördomen om den ytliga och utseendefixerade tonårstjejen. Tidigare forskning inom området tonårstjejer och utseende är överlag kvantitativ och missar därför många faktorer som påverkar tonårstjejer och deras utseendeskapande. Vårt syfte var att undersöka hur utseende tar sig uttryck hos tonårstjejer. Mer specifikt var våra frågeställningar: Vad innebär utseende för tonårstjejer? Hur praktiseras utseende hos tonårstjejer? Vilken betydelse har utseende för tonårstjejer? Vad påverkar utseendeskapandet hos tonårstjejer? Vilken betydelse har tonårstjejers relationer med andra tonåringar för utseendet? För att få en så empirinära förståelse som möjligt har vi använt oss av Grundad Teori. Vi har observerat tonårstjejer och deras bloggar, samt utfört tre fokusgruppintervjuer och fyra enskilda intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Resultat visade att tonårstjejer umgås i starkt sammansvetsade tjejgrupper och att de måste fixa sitt utseende i enlighet med tjejgruppens utseendemässiga konformitet för att få vara med i gruppens gemenskap. Vi har diskuterat vårt resultat i förhållande till tre teoretiska begrepp: Framträdande, gruppidentiteten och självidentiteten.

  • 21979.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Access and delivery of formal support to young children with developmental delay in Sweden2015In: Research and Practice in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 2329-7018, Vol. 2, p. 136-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis article provides a review and discussion of formal support in Sweden for young children up to 6 years of age with developmental delay and in need of special support. Some of these children may receive a diagnosis of mild intellectual disability during their school years. The nature of Swedish support services, the pathways to access the various types of support, and the delivery of formal support services have been reviewed. The utilisation of formal support, expectations in relation to responsibilities of parents or guardians, and the transition of children into the school system are also discussed. The developmental systems approach was used to frame the discussion. Access to formal support services for young children is not easy. Formal identification and formal eligibility decisions do not necessarily equate to formal service utilisation. Factors important to the provision of formal support include Swedish laws and regulations; the knowledge and attitudes of social service officers, and the guidelines within which they work; the competence of teachers; and parental knowledge and skills. Obtaining support seems heavily dependent on a child's relationships with key facilitators, and their experience and expertise.

  • 21980.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barn med flera funktionshinder: Samspel, familjeanpassningar och sociala nätverk2004In: Programbok / Funktionshinder, vardagsliv, habilitering, 9:e forskningskonferensen i Örebro, 20-21 april 2004 / [ed] Örebro läns landsting. Habiliteringens forskningscentrum, 2004, p. 153-155Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21981.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barn med grove funksjonshinderinger, måleinstrument for samspill. Alternativ kommunikasjon: Ulike forutsetninger – ulike tiltak.2005In: ISAAC, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21982.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barnperspektiv i LSS-handläggning: En förstudie med fokus på arbetssätt och utvecklingsbehov2009Report (Other academic)
  • 21983.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Children with multiple disabilities: Family accommodation, social networks and interaction2007In: IASSID Special interest Research Group Persons With Profound and Multiple Disabilities , III Roundtable, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21984.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Children with multiple disabilities- interaction, family accommodation and social networks.2004In: 11th Biennal conference of the international Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21985.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Children with PIMD: Family accommodation, social network and interaction2010In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 499-499Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21986.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Children with PIMD: family accommodation, social networks and interaction2010In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 499-499Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21987.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Effekten av personlig assistans för intellektuellt funktionshindrade individers självbestämmande: En systematisk litteraturöversikt om internationell forskning2006Report (Other academic)
  • 21988.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Kommunikation med barn som har funktionsnedsättning2014In: Kommunikation med barn och unga i vården / [ed] Maja Söderbäck, Liber, 2014, p. 190-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21989.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Professionals’ and Parents’ Shared Learning in Blended Learning Networks related to Communication and Augmentative and Alternative Communication for People with Severe Disabilities2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21990.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Proximal processes of children with profound multiple disabilities2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis four empirical studies dealt with children with profound multiple disabilities and their parents with regard to: (a) how parents perceived interaction with their children (b) how observed child/parent interaction was linked to behavior style of the children as perceived by the parents (c) how parents of children with profound multiple disabilities perceived child/parent interaction and behavior style of their children in comparison to parents to children without disabilities matched for communicative ability and age respectively, and, (d) how social networks and family accommodations were linked to child/parent interaction and child behavior style over time for these families according to parental appraisals. The results in study I showed that child/parent interaction occurred through out the day and constituted of mutual experience and joy. There were two processes in interaction: monitoring interaction and successful interaction. Study II found hypo- and hyper dominated behaviour style of the children to influence interaction differently. The parents were found to be experts on their children in monitoring interaction to achieve more frequent periods of successful interaction. Study III found few differences in wishes about ideal interaction between parents of children with profound multiple disabilities and parents of typically developing children. Study IV showed that the children were communicative dependent on their parents; there were few complete overlaps between the children’s and the family’s social networks; and although family accommodations were child-driven, sustainability of family life evolved around other factors. There was a “contradiction” in results for the whole thesis: child/parent interaction occurred through out ordinary everyday life and constituted of mutual experience and joy versus the children’s communicative dependency and the distance found between social networks of families and children and child/parent interaction.

  • 21991.
    wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. högskolan i jönköping.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    högskolan i jönköping.
    Enhancing Engagement and Participation of Children with PMD in Family Activities. 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21992.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Participation in Family Activities: Children with Multiple Disabilities2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21993.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Axelsson, C.
    Mälardalen University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Parent-child interaction: A comparison of parents’ perceptions in three groups2004In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, Vol. 26, no 21-22, p. 1313-1322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To evaluate a children's version of the ICF that takes children's dependency on their parents and a developmental perspective into consideration. Method: This study explored how 91 parents perceived child participation in terms of parent/child immediate interaction, and desires for ideal interaction in relation to body impairments and activity limitations. Similarities and differences were investigated in three matched groups of families through questionnaires. Group 1 consisted of parents of children with profound multiple disabilities, Group 2 was developmentally matched and Group 3 was matched according to chronological age. Results: The children with profound multiple disabilities expressed the same amount of emotions as the other groups, but they had difficulties expressing more complex emotions. Parents perceived the children's behaviour styles in a similar way in the three groups. There were significant differences in how the immediate interaction was perceived with parents to children of Group 1 perceiving difficulties in maintaining joint attention and directing attention. Conclusions: The results suggest that parental perceptions of the interaction with their children with profound multiple disabilities in the immediate setting to a certain extent are related to the body impairments of the children but not strongly to communicative skills/activity limitations. Thus, to focus communication intervention on participation and interaction, assessment and questions to parents have to be focused directly on these issues.

  • 21994.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. ALA Research Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Behaviour style and interaction between seven children with multiple disabilities and their caregivers2003In: Child: Care, Health and Development,, ISSN 0305-1862, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 559-567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Recent studies show that the existing interaction patterns of children with multiple disabilities should be taken into consideration when planning communication interventions. For children with disabilities, it is especially important that the partner in interaction is sensitive and well aware of the importance of a qualitatively successful interaction. Wilder (unpublished report) found that the behaviour style of 30 children with multiple disabilities was more related to the caregiver-perceived interaction than the communicative skills and functional abilities of the children. This study inductively explored the caregivers' perceptions of interaction within seven caregiver-child dyads. The research questions were: How do the caregivers perceive the interaction? How do the caregivers perceive the children's behaviour style to be related to the interaction with the caregivers? Method The children were selected individually from the participants in Wilder (unpublished report) depending upon the responses the caregivers had given about the children's self-regulation and reactivity in the Carolina Record of Individual Behaviour questionnaire. The study was undertaken by means of home visits where the caregivers participated in an interview asking about their strategies for interaction, how they perceived the roles of the children and their own roles in interaction, the caregivers' opinion of what an interaction constituted of and the caregivers' aims and aspiration for interaction. The data analysis was performed by meaning concentration and categorization through a pendulum between the parts and the entirety of the interviews. In this way, hermeneutics and thematic analysis were both being practised. Results The results of the interviews are presented as a model with categorizations as a network. The categorizations reflect the system of themes that permeate how the caregivers perceived interaction in the dyad. The themes are: sharing of experience, successful interaction, role of the child, role of the caregiver, interaction methods, obstacles and facilitators and aims and aspirations. Discussion The caregivers perceived their own role in interaction to be of a sensitive leading kind. The caregivers lead the interaction by using their knowledge about the children's usual way of interacting, the children's behaviour styles, functional abilities, the children's current mood and situation as well as the whole context. They monitored the interaction such that, throughout an interaction sequence, the caregivers always tried to optimize the interaction between the parties in the dyad. The behaviour style was a background factor that the caregivers had knowledge of and scanned in their everyday turn taking. Although there were differences in the children's behaviour styles, the caregivers discussed the same themes in the interviews. The behaviour style became a facilitator for the whole interaction, forced the interaction in certain directions and made the interaction more complete with turn taking of different kinds from both parties. The findings show that it is imperative to see caregivers as experts on their children and to make them assertive in this in relation to professionals. Furthermore, as a successful interaction can boost the development of children, it is essential to direct interventions to the everyday interaction in caregiver-child dyads.

  • 21995.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Interaction: Proximal processes of children with PIMD2010In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 498-498Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21996.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Personer med flerfunktionshinder2011In: Nya Omsorgsboken / [ed] Lena Söderman & Sivert Antonson, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 5, p. 29-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21997.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Stability and Change in Sustainability of Daily Routines and Social Networks in Families of Children with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities2015In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 133-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) demand intense family accommodations from birth and onwards. This study used an exploratory and qualitative study design to investigate stability and change in sustainability of daily routines and social networks of Swedish families of children with PIMD. Materials and methods: Eight families participated over two years in eco-cultural family interviews and social networks interviews collected at home visits. Data were analyzed descriptively and by manifest contents analysis. Results: Results showed variations in sustainability of daily routines over time across families. The sustainability was linked to fathers' involvement, couples' connectedness and emotional support. Stability and change of social networks were characterized by low overlap between the child and family networks, the children's communicative dependency and low density of able communication partners. Conclusions: The results indicate that patterns of stability and change were linked both to family resources and child characteristics.

  • 21998.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Cooperación entre profesionales y familias de niños con pluridiscapacidad [Cooperation between professionals and families of children with multiple disabilities]2012In: Pluridiscapacidad y contextos de intervención [Multiple disabilities and contexts for interventions] / [ed] E. Soro-Camats, C. Basil, y C. Rosell, Barcelona: Barcelona University (Institute for Science of Education). Digital Edition , 2012, p. 149-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21999.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet .
    Lillvist, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Collaboration in Transitions from preschool: Young children with Intellectual Disabilities2017In: Pedagogies of Educational Transitions: European and Antipodean Research / [ed] Nadine Ballam, Bob Perry, Anders Garpelin, Springer, 2017, p. 59-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22000.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet .
    Lillvist, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Hope, despair and everything in between: Parental expectations of Educational Transitions for young children with intellectual disability2017In: Families and transition to School / [ed] Sue Dockett, Wilfred Griebel, Bob Perry, Springer, 2017, p. 51-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
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