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  • 21851.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sustainable Manufacturing - Challenges and Possibilities for Research and Industry from a Swedish perspective2008In: The 41st CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, 2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21852.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reducing environmental impact from manufacturing – an industrial case study2011In: Journal of Production Research & Management, ISSN 2249-4766, Vol. 1, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a need for technologies and strategies that will reduce environmental impact from manufacturing globally. This paper presents an industrial case study with three objects of study where manufacturing of ‘green’ products are analysed and solutions are presented on reducing environmental impact from manufacturing. The objects represent a conceptual product, a manufacturing ready product and an update of an existing product. The case study also builds the base for presenting a draft analysis scheme for designing a more environmentally sustainable production system. The examples and the proposed analysis scheme are discussed in the context of designing a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable production system.

  • 21853.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Reducing Environmental Impact from Manufacturing: Three Industrial Cases for the Manufacturing of ‘Green’ Products2009In: 42nd CIRP Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Grenoble, France, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a gigantic need for technologies and strategies that will reduce CO2 emissions globally. This paper presents three industrial cases in Sweden where manufacturing of ‘green’ products are analysed and solutions are presented where environmental impact from manufacturing is reduced. The cases represent a conceptual product, a manufacturing ready product and an update of an existing product. The cases also build the base for presenting a draft analysis scheme for designing a more environmentally sustainable production system. The cases and the proposed analysis scheme are discussed in the context of designing a socially, economically and environmentally sustainable production system.

  • 21854.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lundin, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Mölndal, Sweden.
    Södergren, B.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Automation and flexibility: An apparent or real dilemma?2017In: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, vol. 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 35-48Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are trade-offs between cost and capabilities throughout specification, implementation and operation of automated solutions in manufacturing companies. This chapter describes four identified dilemmas or contradictions while balancing flexibility to automation, based on an empirical study with interviews and workshop in five internationally competitive manufacturing companies. The study generated insights on experienced challenges while implementing automated solutions in manufacturing, and these apparent conflicts between automated solutions and maintaining a high operational flexibility need to be managed as manufacturing automation will continue to increase on all levels. 

  • 21855.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lundin, Mats
    Swerea IVF Mölndal, Sweden .
    Södergren, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden .
    Automation and Flexibility: Exploring Contradictions in Manufacturing Operations2016In: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21856.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Groth, Margareta
    Conditions for Innovation: Insights from a multi-case study2011In: Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, ISSN 0718-2724, E-ISSN 0718-2724, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 203-216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper is based on a multiple-case study of conditions for product-based innovations. Key actors from 18 cases were interviewed concerning the specific character of the innovation process, its parts and phases, with a focus on the realization phase. The cases are analyzed and discussed on the basis of an experience-based framework with seven specific components. In addition, the data are illustrated and discussed by more general themes of successful and unsuccessful innovation processes. It is concluded that the components of the used framework are necessary but individually not sufficient to maintain a continuous friction-free innovation process. The dynamics of the innovation processes are well illustrated by the framework.

  • 21857.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Romvall, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Competitiveness by integrating the green perspective in production: A review presenting challenges for research and industry2010In: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2010), 2010, p. 318-325Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental concern has risen as an important topic in management research as well as within the manufacturing industry. The realization that environmental sustainability should be viewed from a value-adding perspective and not only from a regulatory or cost perspective has implied a dramatic change of focus when creating competitive strategies. In production system research, some argue that green is the next great leap after lean, and many publications on the synergies and contradictions of lean and green have been published. This paper aims at high-lighting relevant topics related to environmental sustainability within a production system from the view of academia as well as industry. A review of related research has been performed together with an orienting empirical study of three companies in Sweden. The result reveals that the holistic view is often lost due to trade-offs and uncertainty, implying that incorporating environmental sustainability in an organization becomes difficult. This indicates that there is a growing need for methodology and decision support tools for integrating the green perspective at all levels of the production system. The concepts of continuous improvements and “lean and green” are identified as favorable options to succeed with this integration, implying important areas for future research.

  • 21858.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Sivard, Gunilla
    KTH, Industriell Produktion.
    Kjellberg, Torsten
    KTH, Industriell Produktion.
    Life Cycle Approaches on Product Realization: meeting the challenges of future production research2010In: Proceedings of 43rd CIRP International Conference on Manufacturing Systems, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, 2010, p. 204-212Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The global increase of manufacturing activities and the need for sustainability, calls for manufacturing strategies and technologies with reduced environmental impact. This paper presents a part of a strategic research initiative in Sweden, established by an ambitious industry-academic collaboration. A cross-organizational and cross-disciplinary focus area has been formulated to develop leading-edge production research for the future: Life cycle approaches on product realization. The research considers the total life cycle of the product and production system on three levels: (1) On a process level, with manufacturing technologies supporting products with high energy efficiency and low materials usage. (2) On a system level, with an extended production system design for the total life cycle of the production and product portfolio. (3) On an information level, with methods and tools covering the life cycles of products and production.

  • 21859.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Södergren, Birgitta
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Asplund, Ola
    IF Metall, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Exploring Site roles in Global Corporations: Balancing Local identity to Global responsibility2016In: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents how the lead plant role within an international manufacturing network (IMN) is expressed from a site perspective, in relation to key competitive factors. A participative observational study of a workshop series with five Swedish manufacturing sites, all working within international companies, showed how the sites’ interests challenges and supports the interests of the IMNs. The lead plants are to lead the development and dissemination of new knowledge, but still being competitive in efficiency and delivery. Strong positions within the six analysed competitive factors were generally expressed as positive abilities for being a lead plant within an IMN.

  • 21860.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. The Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm.
    Varanasi, S.
    University of Florida, US.
    Bai, S.X.
    University of Florida, US.
    An optimal production flow control problem with impulsive demand1997In: Mathematical and Computer Modelling, ISSN 0895-7177, Vol. 26, no 2, p. 53-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We consider a system consisting of a single machine cell and producing one part type. The machine cell has a finite capacity and is reliable. We consider a finite planning horizon containing N impulsive demands. The demand occurs instantaneously. Each such demand is known by its size and when it occurs in the planning horizon. In order to keep the production as close to the demand as possible there is a trade off between building up inventory and letting customers wait. An optimal control problem is formulated to determine the optimal production strategy. Solution technique is developed via Pontryagin's Minimum Principle.

  • 21861.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wikström, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ekman, Sten
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Developing idPeo –- A Multidiciplinary Approach to Product Realization2009In: ICED 09 - THE 17TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN, VOL 6: DESIGN METHODS AND TOOLS, 2009, p. 67-77Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    On the background of a changing industrial landscape and key elements of the realization of complex integrated products, this paper discuss and explore an "innovative" approach towards product concept development methodologies by focusing on creativity, multidisciplinary teams, and decision-making. Throughout 2006-2009 a product realization methodology, the idPeo methodology, has been developed in a university/industry collaboration milieu. Based on a briefly reported literature review, the paper presents the methodology, briefly the three generations of conducted cases and the evolution of the methodology over the years. It is argued that the approach for innovative product realization in concept development, if implemented correctly also into companies' product development process, could contribute to increased flexibility, creativity and tolerance for change. It could also decrease lead time, increase product performance, and decrease uncertainty. 

  • 21862.
    Wilander, Mia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lågas, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    "Som man umgås blir man ju": Tjejgruppers utseendeskapande2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi har undersökt hur utseendeskapande tar sig uttryck hos tonårstjejer, för att tillhandahålla ett alternativ till fördomen om den ytliga och utseendefixerade tonårstjejen. Tidigare forskning inom området tonårstjejer och utseende är överlag kvantitativ och missar därför många faktorer som påverkar tonårstjejer och deras utseendeskapande. Vårt syfte var att undersöka hur utseende tar sig uttryck hos tonårstjejer. Mer specifikt var våra frågeställningar: Vad innebär utseende för tonårstjejer? Hur praktiseras utseende hos tonårstjejer? Vilken betydelse har utseende för tonårstjejer? Vad påverkar utseendeskapandet hos tonårstjejer? Vilken betydelse har tonårstjejers relationer med andra tonåringar för utseendet? För att få en så empirinära förståelse som möjligt har vi använt oss av Grundad Teori. Vi har observerat tonårstjejer och deras bloggar, samt utfört tre fokusgruppintervjuer och fyra enskilda intervjuer som datainsamlingsmetod. Resultat visade att tonårstjejer umgås i starkt sammansvetsade tjejgrupper och att de måste fixa sitt utseende i enlighet med tjejgruppens utseendemässiga konformitet för att få vara med i gruppens gemenskap. Vi har diskuterat vårt resultat i förhållande till tre teoretiska begrepp: Framträdande, gruppidentiteten och självidentiteten.

  • 21863.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Access and delivery of formal support to young children with developmental delay in Sweden2015In: Research and Practice in Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 2329-7018, Vol. 2, p. 136-147Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AbstractThis article provides a review and discussion of formal support in Sweden for young children up to 6 years of age with developmental delay and in need of special support. Some of these children may receive a diagnosis of mild intellectual disability during their school years. The nature of Swedish support services, the pathways to access the various types of support, and the delivery of formal support services have been reviewed. The utilisation of formal support, expectations in relation to responsibilities of parents or guardians, and the transition of children into the school system are also discussed. The developmental systems approach was used to frame the discussion. Access to formal support services for young children is not easy. Formal identification and formal eligibility decisions do not necessarily equate to formal service utilisation. Factors important to the provision of formal support include Swedish laws and regulations; the knowledge and attitudes of social service officers, and the guidelines within which they work; the competence of teachers; and parental knowledge and skills. Obtaining support seems heavily dependent on a child's relationships with key facilitators, and their experience and expertise.

  • 21864.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barn med flera funktionshinder: Samspel, familjeanpassningar och sociala nätverk2004In: Programbok / Funktionshinder, vardagsliv, habilitering, 9:e forskningskonferensen i Örebro, 20-21 april 2004 / [ed] Örebro läns landsting. Habiliteringens forskningscentrum, 2004, p. 153-155Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21865.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barn med grove funksjonshinderinger, måleinstrument for samspill. Alternativ kommunikasjon: Ulike forutsetninger – ulike tiltak.2005In: ISAAC, 2005Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21866.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barnperspektiv i LSS-handläggning: En förstudie med fokus på arbetssätt och utvecklingsbehov2009Report (Other academic)
  • 21867.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Children with multiple disabilities: Family accommodation, social networks and interaction2007In: IASSID Special interest Research Group Persons With Profound and Multiple Disabilities , III Roundtable, 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21868.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Children with multiple disabilities- interaction, family accommodation and social networks.2004In: 11th Biennal conference of the international Society for Augmentative and Alternative Communication, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21869.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Children with PIMD: Family accommodation, social network and interaction2010In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 499-499Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21870.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Children with PIMD: family accommodation, social networks and interaction2010In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 499-499Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 21871.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Effekten av personlig assistans för intellektuellt funktionshindrade individers självbestämmande: En systematisk litteraturöversikt om internationell forskning2006Report (Other academic)
  • 21872.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Kommunikation med barn som har funktionsnedsättning2014In: Kommunikation med barn och unga i vården / [ed] Maja Söderbäck, Liber, 2014, p. 190-200Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21873.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Professionals’ and Parents’ Shared Learning in Blended Learning Networks related to Communication and Augmentative and Alternative Communication for People with Severe Disabilities2015Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21874.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Proximal processes of children with profound multiple disabilities2008Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis four empirical studies dealt with children with profound multiple disabilities and their parents with regard to: (a) how parents perceived interaction with their children (b) how observed child/parent interaction was linked to behavior style of the children as perceived by the parents (c) how parents of children with profound multiple disabilities perceived child/parent interaction and behavior style of their children in comparison to parents to children without disabilities matched for communicative ability and age respectively, and, (d) how social networks and family accommodations were linked to child/parent interaction and child behavior style over time for these families according to parental appraisals. The results in study I showed that child/parent interaction occurred through out the day and constituted of mutual experience and joy. There were two processes in interaction: monitoring interaction and successful interaction. Study II found hypo- and hyper dominated behaviour style of the children to influence interaction differently. The parents were found to be experts on their children in monitoring interaction to achieve more frequent periods of successful interaction. Study III found few differences in wishes about ideal interaction between parents of children with profound multiple disabilities and parents of typically developing children. Study IV showed that the children were communicative dependent on their parents; there were few complete overlaps between the children’s and the family’s social networks; and although family accommodations were child-driven, sustainability of family life evolved around other factors. There was a “contradiction” in results for the whole thesis: child/parent interaction occurred through out ordinary everyday life and constituted of mutual experience and joy versus the children’s communicative dependency and the distance found between social networks of families and children and child/parent interaction.

  • 21875.
    wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. högskolan i jönköping.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    högskolan i jönköping.
    Enhancing Engagement and Participation of Children with PMD in Family Activities. 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21876.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Participation in Family Activities: Children with Multiple Disabilities2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21877.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Axelsson, C.
    Mälardalen University.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Parent-child interaction: A comparison of parents’ perceptions in three groups2004In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, Vol. 26, no 21-22, p. 1313-1322Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To evaluate a children's version of the ICF that takes children's dependency on their parents and a developmental perspective into consideration. Method: This study explored how 91 parents perceived child participation in terms of parent/child immediate interaction, and desires for ideal interaction in relation to body impairments and activity limitations. Similarities and differences were investigated in three matched groups of families through questionnaires. Group 1 consisted of parents of children with profound multiple disabilities, Group 2 was developmentally matched and Group 3 was matched according to chronological age. Results: The children with profound multiple disabilities expressed the same amount of emotions as the other groups, but they had difficulties expressing more complex emotions. Parents perceived the children's behaviour styles in a similar way in the three groups. There were significant differences in how the immediate interaction was perceived with parents to children of Group 1 perceiving difficulties in maintaining joint attention and directing attention. Conclusions: The results suggest that parental perceptions of the interaction with their children with profound multiple disabilities in the immediate setting to a certain extent are related to the body impairments of the children but not strongly to communicative skills/activity limitations. Thus, to focus communication intervention on participation and interaction, assessment and questions to parents have to be focused directly on these issues.

  • 21878.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. ALA Research Foundation, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Behaviour style and interaction between seven children with multiple disabilities and their caregivers2003In: Child: Care, Health and Development,, ISSN 0305-1862, Vol. 29, no 6, p. 559-567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction Recent studies show that the existing interaction patterns of children with multiple disabilities should be taken into consideration when planning communication interventions. For children with disabilities, it is especially important that the partner in interaction is sensitive and well aware of the importance of a qualitatively successful interaction. Wilder (unpublished report) found that the behaviour style of 30 children with multiple disabilities was more related to the caregiver-perceived interaction than the communicative skills and functional abilities of the children. This study inductively explored the caregivers' perceptions of interaction within seven caregiver-child dyads. The research questions were: How do the caregivers perceive the interaction? How do the caregivers perceive the children's behaviour style to be related to the interaction with the caregivers? Method The children were selected individually from the participants in Wilder (unpublished report) depending upon the responses the caregivers had given about the children's self-regulation and reactivity in the Carolina Record of Individual Behaviour questionnaire. The study was undertaken by means of home visits where the caregivers participated in an interview asking about their strategies for interaction, how they perceived the roles of the children and their own roles in interaction, the caregivers' opinion of what an interaction constituted of and the caregivers' aims and aspiration for interaction. The data analysis was performed by meaning concentration and categorization through a pendulum between the parts and the entirety of the interviews. In this way, hermeneutics and thematic analysis were both being practised. Results The results of the interviews are presented as a model with categorizations as a network. The categorizations reflect the system of themes that permeate how the caregivers perceived interaction in the dyad. The themes are: sharing of experience, successful interaction, role of the child, role of the caregiver, interaction methods, obstacles and facilitators and aims and aspirations. Discussion The caregivers perceived their own role in interaction to be of a sensitive leading kind. The caregivers lead the interaction by using their knowledge about the children's usual way of interacting, the children's behaviour styles, functional abilities, the children's current mood and situation as well as the whole context. They monitored the interaction such that, throughout an interaction sequence, the caregivers always tried to optimize the interaction between the parties in the dyad. The behaviour style was a background factor that the caregivers had knowledge of and scanned in their everyday turn taking. Although there were differences in the children's behaviour styles, the caregivers discussed the same themes in the interviews. The behaviour style became a facilitator for the whole interaction, forced the interaction in certain directions and made the interaction more complete with turn taking of different kinds from both parties. The findings show that it is imperative to see caregivers as experts on their children and to make them assertive in this in relation to professionals. Furthermore, as a successful interaction can boost the development of children, it is essential to direct interventions to the everyday interaction in caregiver-child dyads.

  • 21879.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Interaction: Proximal processes of children with PIMD2010In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 23, no 5, p. 498-498Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21880.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Personer med flerfunktionshinder2011In: Nya Omsorgsboken / [ed] Lena Söderman & Sivert Antonson, Malmö: Liber, 2011, 5, p. 29-37Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21881.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Stability and Change in Sustainability of Daily Routines and Social Networks in Families of Children with Profound Intellectual and Multiple Disabilities2015In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 133-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Children with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities (PIMD) demand intense family accommodations from birth and onwards. This study used an exploratory and qualitative study design to investigate stability and change in sustainability of daily routines and social networks of Swedish families of children with PIMD. Materials and methods: Eight families participated over two years in eco-cultural family interviews and social networks interviews collected at home visits. Data were analyzed descriptively and by manifest contents analysis. Results: Results showed variations in sustainability of daily routines over time across families. The sustainability was linked to fathers' involvement, couples' connectedness and emotional support. Stability and change of social networks were characterized by low overlap between the child and family networks, the children's communicative dependency and low density of able communication partners. Conclusions: The results indicate that patterns of stability and change were linked both to family resources and child characteristics.

  • 21882.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Granlund, Mats
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Högskolan i Jönköping.
    Cooperación entre profesionales y familias de niños con pluridiscapacidad [Cooperation between professionals and families of children with multiple disabilities]2012In: Pluridiscapacidad y contextos de intervención [Multiple disabilities and contexts for interventions] / [ed] E. Soro-Camats, C. Basil, y C. Rosell, Barcelona: Barcelona University (Institute for Science of Education). Digital Edition , 2012, p. 149-162Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21883.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet .
    Lillvist, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Collaboration in Transitions from preschool: Young children with Intellectual Disabilities2017In: Pedagogies of Educational Transitions: European and Antipodean Research / [ed] Nadine Ballam, Bob Perry, Anders Garpelin, Springer, 2017, p. 59-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21884.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet .
    Lillvist, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Hope, despair and everything in between: Parental expectations of Educational Transitions for young children with intellectual disability2017In: Families and transition to School / [ed] Sue Dockett, Wilfred Griebel, Bob Perry, Springer, 2017, p. 51-66Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 21885.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ, Dept Special Educ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lillvist, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Learning journey: a conceptual framework for analyzing children's learning in educational transitions2018In: European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, ISSN 1350-293X, E-ISSN 1752-1807, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 688-700Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research about transitions in early childhood education has had an upsurge especially in the last 15 years. Much attention has been directed to what constitutes and builds up positive transitions. Although, as learning is one of the main tasks in educational settings, there is a need for more explicit research discussions in the transition research field about children's learning in transition. The aims of this article are to discuss and unravel the theoretical concept learning journey' and to propose a conceptual framework for analyzing children's learning in early educational transitions. The article gives a review of the concept learning journey and related terms: learning, continuity/discontinuity, change, collaboration and time. A conceptual framework of learning journey is proposed and a model presented. The model is discussed in relation to the PPCT-model of Urie Bronfenbrenner and a final discussion set the proposed conceptual framework of learning journey in the context of application to early childhood education.

  • 21886.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Magnusson, L.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden .
    Hanson, E.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Professionals’ and parents’ shared learning in blended learning networks related to communication and augmentative and alternative communication for people with severe disabilities2015In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 367-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with severe disabilities (SD) communicate in complex ways, and their teachers, parents and other involved professionals find it difficult to gain knowledge and share their experiences regarding the person with SD’s communication methods. The purpose of this study is to contribute to our understanding of how parents and professionals share learning about communication and augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for people with SD by participating in blended learning networks (BLNs). Thirty-six parents and professionals participated in online web-based BLNs according to a prepared format; four groups were formed, and all of the groups participated in four discussion sessions and an evaluation session. Detailed minutes from the 16 BLN sessions, an evaluation session and course evaluation data were thematically analysed. The theoretical frameworks were different perspectives on disability within communication research and special education research, and theories about shared learning in networks. The analyses revealed themes that focused on communication partners’ knowledge, attitudes and strategies regarding communicating with people with SD; the importance and power of using multimodal AAC; and the universality, user-friendliness and empowering aspects of iPads and apps. The findings suggest that participants perceive communication and AAC with people with SD from relational, dialogical and interactional perspectives, whereas the categorical perspective was less pronounced. In accordance with other professional competence research, the use of online web-based BLNs with mixed groups that was described in this paper yielded positive evaluations from the participants. The opportunity for meeting others involved in caring for people with SD, the actual blended groups and the sharing of technology and AAC experiences in particular were highlighted.

  • 21887.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Ylvén, Regina
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Legislation vs everyday life for families of children with disabilities2004In: Colloque international: Conciliation Famille Handicap: Strasbourg, France, January, 2004Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21888. Wilhelm, Reinhard
    et al.
    Engblom, Jakob
    Ermedahl, Andreas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holsti, Niklas
    Thesing, Stephan
    Whalley, David
    Bernat, Guillem
    Ferdinand, Christian
    Heckmann, Reinhold
    Mitra, Tulika
    Muller, Frank
    Puaut, Isabelle
    Puschner, Peter
    Staschulat, Jan
    Stenström, Per
    The worst-case execution-time problem—overview of methods and survey of tools2008In: ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems, ISSN 1539-9087, E-ISSN 1558-3465, Vol. 7, no 3, p. article nr: 36-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The determination of upper bounds on execution times, commonly called worst-case execution times (WCETs), is a necessary step in the development and validation process for hard real-time systems. This problem is hard if the underlying processor architecture has components, such as caches, pipelines, branch prediction, and other speculative components. This article describes different approaches to this problem and surveys several commercially available tools(1) and research prototypes. 

  • 21889.
    Wilhelmsen, O.
    et al.
    Sintef Energy Research, Trondheim, Norway.
    Skaugen, G.
    Sintef Energy Research, Trondheim, Norway.
    Jørstad, O.
    tatoil ASA, Trondheim, Norway.
    Li, Hailong
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Evaluation of SPUNG# and other equations of state for use in carbon capture and storage modelling2012In: Energy Procedia, 2012, p. 236-245Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this work, Equations of State (EoS) relevant for carbon capture and storage modelling have been evaluated for pure CO2 and CO 2-mixtures with particular focus on the extended corresponding state approach, SPUNG/SRK. Our work continues the search of an EoS which is accurate, consistent and computationally fast for CO2-mixtures. These EoS have been evaluated: Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK), SRK with Peneloux shift, Peng-Robinson, Lee-Kesler, SPUNG/SRK and the multi-parameter approach GERG-2004. The EoS were compared to the accurate reference EoS by Span and Wagner for pure CO2. Only SPUNG/SRK and GERG-2004 predicted the density accurately near the critical point (< 1.5 % Absolute Average Deviation (AAD)). For binary mixtures, Lee-Kesler and SPUNG/SRK had similar accuracy in density predictions. SRK had a sufficient accuracy for the gas phase below the critical point (<2.5%), and Peng Robinson had a decent accuracy for liquid mixtures (<3%). GERG-2004 was the most accurate EoS for all the single phase density predictions. It was also the best EoS for all the VLE predictions except for mixtures containing CO2 and O2, where it had deviations in the bubble point predictions (∼20 % AAD). Even though multi-parameter EoS such as GERG-2004 are state-of-the-art for high accuracy predictions, this work shows that extended corresponding state EoS may be an excellent compromise between computational speed and accuracy. The SPUNG approach combines high accuracy with a versatile and transparent methodology. New experimental data may easily be taken into account to improve the predictive abilities in the two phase region. The approach may be improved and extended to enable applications for more difficult systems, such as polar mixtures with CO2 and H 2O.

  • 21890.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    et al.
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Döös, Marianne
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Influencing work-integrated learning: Learning oriented leadership2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21891.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    et al.
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Johansson, Peter E
    Stockholms universitet.
    Döös, Marianne
    Pedagogiska Institutionen, Stockholms Universitet.
    Bridging Boundaries: Middle Managers´ Pedagogic Interventions as Technology Leaders.2013In: Technology Integration and Foundations for Effective Technology Leadership. / [ed] Hartsell, U.S: Idea Group Publishing, 2013, p. 278-292Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21892.
    Wilhelmson, Sandra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Ott, Therese
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Teckenkommunikation i förskolan: En kvalitativ undersökning om hur teckenkommunikation används på olika förskolor i en mellanstor stad i Mälardalen2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet var att ta reda på hur teckenkommunikation kan användas i förskola för att underlätta språkutvecklingen för alla barn och pedagogernas inställning till metoden. Detta är en kvalitativ undersökning och vi använde oss av semistrukturerade intervjuer med nio stycken förskolpersonal. Det resultat vi kom fram till var att teckenkommunikation kan fungera som en alternativ metod i språkinlärning och att det fanns ett stort intresse hos respondenterna att använda sig av metoden.

  • 21893.
    Wilhelmsson, Ann-Catrin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hur kommunicerar lekparken säkerhet?: – en fallstudie av Djäknebergets lekpark2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Uppsatsen handlar om hur lekutrustningen i en lekpark kommunicerar säkerhet till användarna genom sin formgivning

  • 21894.
    Wilhelmsson, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Läs mig: Att omarbeta längre texter ur dagstidningen för webben2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Most swedish newspapers have a homepage where their news are presented. Existing guidelines describing how to write for the web often recommends you to keep it short and stay objective. But how about longer pieces of content presented in the print version? What will become of reports, interviews and essays as we’ve come to know them as the printed newspaper goes digital?

    Interviews with representatives of five swedish newspapers shows that the extent to wich content is being published on the web is connected to the overall purpose of the web presence. The fact that many newspapers does not publish longer pieces of text on the web rather seems to be an economic issue, than a matter of good readability.

    Past studies shows that longer pieces of text may well work on the web, if the reader’s interest is big enough. But how about the readers that does not active seek out for the article? How can you make them stop and read the text? What makes a text tempting? The litterature says:

    • Text appeal (interesting content, structured graphic design, low demands on the reader).

    • An overview of the content of the article. • Possible entries in the text (headlines, between headings, preambles, fact

    boxes, pictures, captions, videos, sounds). • Tempting, informative and reliable headlines.

    It was found that is not the text itself, but the visual presentation that needs to be reconsidered. With that in mind, I produced an interpretation that be­ came the discussion material in a focus group interview. The outcomes of the latter confirmed several of the above stated factors that make a piece of text seem interesting. However, personal habits and preferences also seems to be important.

    I find existing guidelines for presenting written material on the web relevant also in other contexts. But when it comes to longer, deeper text based on drama or connotation that had been lost in the revision, theres is a need to rethink. Just keeping on placing the original piece of text in the the type of interface that most online newspapers is presented in today will lead to fewer readers when the reading experience offered by a printed paper –with an overview, entries in the text and surrounding information– goes to waste. 

  • 21895.
    Wilhelmsson, Lena
    et al.
    Stockholms Universitet, Sweden.
    Åberg, Marie
    Högskolan i Dalarna, Sweden.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Enabling Transformative Learning in the Workplace: An Educative Research Intervention2015In: Journal of Transformative Education, ISSN 1541-3446, E-ISSN 1552-7840, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 219-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to discuss the potential of an educative research intervention to influence the quality of the learning outcome in theworkplace as interpreted from the perspectives of adult learning theory. The research project was designed as a quasi-experimental, mixed-methods study. In this article, quantitative survey data were taken as the point of departure, and qualitative data were used for the purpose of analyzing aspects of learning. An educative research intervention may support a transformative learning quality when the manager and employees have to deal with severe difficulties, and they succeed in doing so by sharing responsibilities and having the strength to engage in thedevelopment process in the workplace. It is possible to support transformative learning in the workplace through an educative research intervention that encourages managers to educate themselves and their employees to think and act in new ways, aiming at integrated autonomy, increased interaction, and learning.

  • 21896.
    Wilhelmsson, Linnéa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Rosén, Nadja
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Ska bostadsrättsföreningars årsredovisningar förenklas?: En studie om medlemmarnas förståelse kring bostadsrättsföreningars årsredovisningar2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract 

    Date:                                                        2019-06-11

    Level:                                                       Bachelor thesis in Business Administration, 15 cr 

    Institution:                        School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors:                            Nadja Rosén                       Linnéa Wilhelmsson

                                                                     (96/05/17)                          (95/04/05)

    Title:                                                        Should housing cooperatives’ annual reports be simplified?

    Tutor:                                Dariusz Osowski 

    Keywords:                         Housing cooperative, annual reports, stakeholders,

    Research

    questions:                  What understanding does the members of house cooperatives’ have for what the annual report means?

     

    Do the members of the housing cooperatives’ have an interest in producing a simplified annual report intended for housing cooperatives’?

     

    Purpose:                     The purpose of the paper is to examine the members' understanding of an annual report. And investigate whether there is interest from the members' perspective that another form of accounting is produced.

     

    Method:                     The study has been carried out with a mixed method. A survey and four interviews have been conducted.

    Conclusion:               Based on the data we collected and analyzed, we have come to the conclusion that people who are not educated in economy or who are over 45 years old do not have the same knowledge and skills to read their housing cooperatives’ annual report. We believe this shows that there is a need for our respondents to have a simplified annual report for housing cooperatives’.

  • 21897.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings Universitet, Sweden.
    In Search of the Everyday Life of Older People in Japan: Reflections based on Scholarly Literature2013In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, ISSN 0169-3816, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 435-451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this paper is to critically examine discourses about old age in Japan, a country with perspectives that are culturally different from the European and American perspectives that tend to dominate the scholarly discourse on ageing. We focus our inquiry on the scientific discourse as representative of a system of knowledge that has a crucial role in determining ways of thinking and perceiving old age. Our literature review is based on a study of academic articles, within the field of gerontology, about the everyday life of older people in Japan that were published in the 10-year period between 1999 and 2009. We apply a Foucauldian gerontology perspective as our analytical tool. The results of our study indicate that there is insufficient knowledge about the everyday life of older people in Japan in gerontological research. We identify a number of discursive practices applied in various research projects that present a one-sided story of old age in Japan. In theconclusion of this paper, we identify a need for interdisciplinary and qualitative studies of old age in Japan that would include voices of older people

  • 21898.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    de Hontheim, Astrid
    Université libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Ageism in a Cross-Cultural Perspectives: Reflections from the Research Field2018In: Contemporary Perspectives on Ageism / [ed] Liat Ayalon and Clemens Tesch Römer, Springer, 2018, p. 425-440Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, we discuss the opportunities and challenges of researching ageism from a cross-cultural perspective. We discuss the complexity of exploring diverse ageist practices as performed in different parts of the world. We also reflect upon the socio-cultural backgrounds through which researchers filter the experiences of fieldwork and research on various enactments of ageism. The key tenet of our argument is that these two dimensions interact during the fieldwork to create unique frameworks that researchers apply in their studies.

    We confront our experiences of researching ageism in Japan, Poland, Sweden, and West Papua to explore the notion that the socio-cultural context matters to the following aspects of ageism: diversity of ageist practices, societal images of later life, and the researchers’ socio-cultural understandings of ageism. We explore the position of researchers who, on the one hand, apply the privileged perspective of a stranger to their fieldwork, and on the other hand, are deeply embedded in their own socio-cultural background, which affects their way of approaching later life and ageism. We conclude with a notion of establishing a “sense of touch” within the field and a discussion recognizing the potential changes that such an approach can bring to the ways we study ageism worldwide.

  • 21899.
    Wiljebrand, Hanna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Edberg, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Betydelsen av inre och yttre faktorer för arbetssökandes motivation till att söka arbete2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att motivation kan ha en avgörande roll för arbetssökandes förmåga att påverka sin situation mot arbete, även att professionellt stöd kan minska risken för att en individ blir långtidsarbetslös. Vidare har forskning visat att arbetssökandes grad av ”känsla av sammanhang”, (KASAM), kunde påverka utfallet i individens situation. Forskning visade även att ju högre arbetssökande värderade arbetets betydelse, desto mer kontroll upplevdes över arbetssökandet. Den aktuella studien undersökte betydelsen av inre faktorer och yttre faktorer för arbetssökandes motivation till att söka arbete. Genom enkätundersökningen bland arbetssökande i Eskilstuna och Västerås framkom signifikanta samband mellan KASAM och arbetets betydelse på motivation. Sammantaget var både inre och yttre faktorer viktiga, men i jämförelse dem emellan var de inre viktigare.

  • 21900.
    Wilkinson, Lynn R.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Career Stories: Belle Epoque Novels of Professional Development2008In: Nineteenth-century French studies, ISSN 0146-7891, E-ISSN 1536-0172, Vol. 37, no 1-2, p. 157-158Article, book review (Other academic)
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