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  • 21651.
    Åström, Julia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Juhlin, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Alla kan sjunga, det låter lite olika bara: En kvalitativ undersökning av åtta förskollärares uppfattningar om sin musikaliska kompetens2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns mycket att vinna med att arbeta med musik i förskolan. Forskare menar dock att förskollärares osäkerhet och bristande musikaliska kompetens kan leda till att musik prioriteras bort i förskolan. Syftet med undersökningen var därför att få kunskap om förskollärares uppfattningar om sin musikaliska kompetens samt belysa relationen mellan dessa uppfattningar och hur musiken används som ett didaktiskt redskap. Metoden som användes var semistrukturerade intervjuer där åtta förskollärare deltog. Intervjusvaren har tolkats genom det hermeneutiska perspektivet som handlar om att tolka och förstå forskningsobjektet. I resultatet framkom en variation av förskollärarnas uppfattningar om sin musikaliska kompetens och hur de använder musik som didaktiskt redskap. Anmärkningsvärt var att den musikaliska kompentensen inte nödvändigtvis påverkade förskollärarnas känsla av trygghet i sitt musikanvändande. Slutsatsen är att förskollärarnas uppfattningar om sin musikaliska kompetens till viss del påverkar hur musiken används som ett didaktiskt redskap. Däremot går det inte att utesluta att andra faktorer kan påverka musikens omfattning i förskolan.

  • 21652.
    Åström, Karl
    et al.
    Lund university.
    Persson, Lars-ErikLuleå university.Silvestrov, SergeiMälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Analysis for Science, Engineering and Beyond The Tribute Workshop in Honour of Gunnar Sparr held in Lund, May 8-9, 20082012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 21653.
    Åström, Therese
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Blomgren, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ENSAMSTÅENDE ÄLDRES UPPLEVELSER AV VÅRDRELATIONEN2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Being older means losses of many kinds, including physical abilities, loss o fkin, and the ability to maintain or establish new relationships. At a nursing home, the elderly are not objectively alone, there’s always other people around. Despite this there are many older people who experience loneliness their last time in life. Previous research has shown that it is important that the caregiver is responsive, open and show reciprocity in the caring relationship. Problem: For many lonely elderly the care relationship is the only relationship they have. Aim: To describe the care relationships importance for the single elderly in retirement homes. A systematic literature review was performed on eleven qualitative studies that were analyzed using a descriptive synthesis. The results showed that the experiences of the elderly without relatives at the nursing home were greatly affected by the care relationship. Thriving and perceptions of quality of care were affected by the care relationship. Furthermore their sense of purpose and belonging were affected, and the caring relationship was significant for whether the elderly felt respected and affirmed as unique individuals. It is important that caregivers understand how much the care relationship means for older people's experiences and further research on single older people's experiences of loneliness in retirement homes is of utmost importance.

  • 21654.
    Åström, Therése
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Genus i läromedel - en djupstudie av läromedlet Wings i engelska för de senare åren2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att granska det engelska läromedlet Wings ur ett genusperspektiv. En innehållsanalys har gjorts av två böcker ur läromedelsserien Wings; Base book och Activity book i årskurs 7, detta genom att använda en checklista där bland annat antalet kvinnor respektive män som förekommer i texterna i de båda böckerna har räknats. Resultatet visar att männen statistiskt sett dominerar i texterna och att det också finns en snedfördelning vad gäller variationen av egenskaper, yrken och fritidsintressen mellan kvinnor och män. Slutsatsen som nåtts är att författarna till läromedlet Wings åk 7 inte aktivt har arbetat för att skapa ett jämställt läromedel, vilket märks tydligt bland annat på fördelningen av huvudrollsinnehavare i texterna i Activity book.

  • 21655.
    Åteg, Mattias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wilhelmson, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Åberg, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Önnered, Loe
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tasks in the generative leadership; creating conditions for autonomy and integration2009In: The 6th International Conference on Researching Work and Learning, Roskilde, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21656.
    Åteg Vandell, Nickolina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Gustavsson, Pia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Minska matsvinnet i landets alla skolor som ett led i arbete med hållbar utveckling.: " ett roligt sättför er skola att nå kunskapskraven"2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary The purpose of this essay was that we wanted to make a finished material for schools that they can practically use in the classes in a way that inspires the students to the scientific topics in school and for sustainable development. We started to talk about this kind of work a few semesters ago and how we could make the lessons more interesting for the students. We also wanted to make a specialty work that the teachers could take home from the internet and use immediately. At the start of our work we discovered the limitations of the bookshelves and made the decision of using the internet instead.  At the same time we stayed connected to our partner schools to make sure that our work could be used in the classes. The answer that we collected from the teachers showed that we were on the right track and so we continued working and the finished results were a student brochure and a teacher's guide. We believe these will help the classes that are going to use this specialty work to reduce their leftovers and get a bigger knowledge about sustainable development.

  • 21657.
    Çollaku, Vasja
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Shestani, Paolo
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A Formal Analysis Framework For EAST-ADL Architectural Models Extended With Behavioral Specifications In Simulink2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Model-Driven Development is a development approach which is being used frequently in the automotive context in order to design models. EAST-ADL is an architectural language which models systems according to their architectural features, whereas Simulink is a tool environment which models systems according to their behavior. In this thesis work, we propose a set of transformation rules that take into consideration the EAST-ADL architectural model details and the behavioral specifications in Simulink, and generate a formal model, which can be verified UPPAAL model checker. Moreover, we implement these proposed transformation rules in a tool that automates them. The transformation rules proposed in this thesis work would be implemented for every EAST-ADL file with Simulink behavior specifications, generated by the MetaEdit+ tool. Properties like timing constraints, triggering and hierarchy in both EAST-ADL and Simulink have been considered by the transformation rules. Finally, the Brake-by-Wire case study is used to validate the tool and assess the mapping of the elements.

  • 21658.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Engineering.
    Layout and function of the intracortical connections within the primary visual cortex2003Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
  • 21659.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Asplund, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kalaykov, Ivan
    Robotics for SME´s – increased flexibility through mobility and ease of use2009Report (Other academic)
  • 21660.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dodig-Crnkovic, Gordana
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Akan, Batu
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Towards Industrial Robots with Human Like Moral Responsibilities2010In: 5th ACM/IEEE International Conference on Human-Robot Interaction, HRI 2010, Osaka, Japan, 2010, p. 85-86Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Robots do not have any capability of taking moral responsibility. At the same time industrial robotics is entering a new era with "intelligent" robots sharing workbench with humans. Teams consisting of humans and industrial robots are no longer science fiction. The biggest worry in this scenario is the fear of humans losing control and robots running amok. We believe that the current way of implementing safety measures have shortcomings, and cannot address challenges related to close collaboration between humans and robots. We propose that "intelligent" industrial robots of the future should have moral responsibilities towards their human colleagues. We also propose that implementation of moral responsibility is radically different from standard safety measures.

  • 21661.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lansner, Anders
    Configuration-specific facilitation phenomena explained by layer 2/3 summation pools in V12009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21662.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Lansner, Anders
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Configuration-specific facilitation phenomena explained by the layout of the V1 horizontal connections2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21663.
    Çürüklü, Baran
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Lansner, Anders
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    On the development and functional roles of the layer 4 horizontal connections in the primary visual cortex2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21664.
    Öberg, Anton
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Skriver Myndigheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap tillräckligt lättläst?: En textanalys av samhällsinformation2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här studien undersöker de grafiska och språkliga skillnader som uppstått när Svenska myn-digheter skriver om sin samhällsinformation till lättläst. Den analyserade texten är från Myn-digheten för samhällsskydd och beredskap, texten Om krisen eller kriget kommer. Texten och dess lättlästa version har analyserats utifrån kvalitativa textanalytiska metoder baserade på Hellspong (2001), Falk (2003) och Rahm & Ohlsson (2009), för att se om texterna följer de statliga riktlinjerna från Språkrådet och andra myndigheter för lättläst text och läsbarhet. Undersökningen visade att den lättlästa versionen följde de flesta av rekommendationerna för omskrivning. Den grafiska formgivningen är i stort sett likadan i de båda broschyrerna. Båda textversionerna följde Språkrådets rekommendationer för hur man skriver klarspråk.

  • 21665.
    Öberg, Belinda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Påhlsson, Frida
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Olika barn i en likvärdig förskola: En undersökning om förskollärarnas tankar och strategier kring arbetet med likabehandling med fokus på barn i behov av särskilt stöd2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21666.
    Öberg, Christina
    et al.
    Örebro University, Sweden.
    Dahlin, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    The Institutionalization of the Sharing Economy Business Models2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21667.
    Öberg, Filip
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Modellering av Panna 5 Mälarenergi AB: utveckling av en beräkningsmodell med simuleringsverktyget IPSEpro2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Heat and power stations are often in need of optimizations. A simulation model is a tool for findingways to optimize the plant. The scope of this diploma work is to develop a simulation model ofBoiler 5 at Mälarenergi AB. Boiler 5 is a circulated fluidized bed boiler that was taken into service inyear 2001. Among the included parts in the boiler are cyclone, convection part andINTREX-chambers. The software that was used for the simulation was SimTech’s IPSEpro. IPSEprois a heat and mass balance software for steady state calculations. The program comes with a set ofmodules in a library called APP_lib which contains modules such as preaheaters, pump, boiler andturbine stages. The user can however design own modules in the Model Development Kit, since thelibrary code is open source. The development of the simulation model started with an updating of anold model from year 2003. Values provided from Foster Wheeler where then used to make the modelcalculate in a right way. Thereafter some calculations of the super heaters’ heat transfer coefficientswere made. The coefficients were then translated into IPSEpro’s own programming language ModelDescription Language, and were put into the model’s modules. The results were compared with realvalues from the plant’s system. It showed that the calculated values needed more investigations to bemore accurate. The conclusion was that the final model needs more equations to describe the plant in amore realistic way.

  • 21668.
    Öberg, Hans
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Davis, Jane
    The Reader Organisation, Liverpool, UK.
    Prescott, Debbie
    The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK.
    Avery, Barry
    Kingston University, London, UK .
    A Doctoral Community of Practice: A Spatial Entity Across Social Media2017In: Implementing Communities of Practice in Higher Education: Dreamers and Schemers / [ed] Jacquie McDonald ans Aileen Cater-Steel, Singapore: Springer Singapore , 2017, p. 305-324Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter is situated in the context of the growing desire by educators to support learning through the facilitation of communities of practice. The original conceptualisation of communities of practice is revisited, with a focus on its ethereal rather than located features. In so doing, the chapter takes a journey away from the notion of space as being located and considers instead a more ethereal, chaotic entity. We suggest that the spatial realm is one in which communities of practice thrive, through the development of processes, practices and inter-relationships. The chapter follows a multinational group of doctoral students as they develop a community of practice outside the bounds of their formal learning community and considers the differing impacts of their landscapes of practice, of bounded place and open space. The chapter closes by considering the value of spatial communities of practice, the nature and potential impact of facilitation, and the implications of the cultivation of such communities within higher education.

  • 21669.
    Öberg, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Döden i bilderboken: En studie av ikonotexten hos Kitty Crowther2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The picture book is a literary form in which verbal and visual elements are inextricably

    linked, how can this special aesthetics express death? Out of my readings of Kitty Crowthers

    three picture books on the topic of death; Moi et Rien (2000), La visite de petite mort (2004)

    and Annie du lac (2009) I have examined how visual representation and text combined create

    an aesthetic experience which mediate complicated psychological context, cultural behaving

    and human experience. In her picture books Crowther in various representations shows the

    unseen, immaterial and abstract phenomenon of death – depictions which can teach us how to

    live.

  • 21670.
    Öberg, Joachim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Zammit, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Att utveckla en säljstyrka: En undersökning angående Securitas Aroundios säljutbildning och coachning2008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Summary

    The purpose of this thesis is to evaluate Securitas Aroundio’s sales training and coaching

    from the view of the firm’s employees. It is of great importance for Securitas Aroundio to

    receive an honest opinion about their sales training and coaching. No previous evaluation has

    been made by external researchers. By continuous evaluation of a firms sales training and

    coaching, the firm can get an awareness of matters that need to be changed or fixed.

    This thesis is based on a qualitative approach where the employees at Securitas Aroundio in

    Linköping were interviewed. All interviews took place at Aroundio’s headquarters in

    Linköping on the 5th of May 2008. All of the respondents gave consent for the recording of

    the interviews. Also notes were taken during the interviews. The questions asked during the

    interviews were based on a semi structured interview format, dealing with the two areas of the

    investigation, Aroundio’s sales training and coaching.

    The result indicates the sales training and coaching provided by Securitas Aroundio is

    adequate. This statement is based on the overall satisfaction of the employees concerning the

    sales training and coaching provided by the firm. The overall indication is that the salespeople

    are provided with the tools and support they need to work autonomously. In conclusion,

    Securitas Aroundio’s goals with the sales training and coaching are being met.

  • 21671.
    Öberg, Maja
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kåbring, Lotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Yrkesverksamma inom rättsväsendet och civilas bedömningar av straff beroende på gärningsmannens bakgrund2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Stereotyper inom psykologin handlar om att tillskriva individer egenskaper som generaliseras över grupper. Detta leder till att negativa fördomar skapas och människor felaktigt döms på förhand. Studien undersökte om skillnader fanns i bedömningen gällande en gärningsmans bakgrund. Syftet med studien var att undersöka om en gärningsman med brottsligt förflutet döms till grövre påföljd vid brott, än en gärningsman utan brottsligt förflutet, samt att rättsväsendet bedömer brottet allvarligare än kontrollgruppen. Deltagare var 99 individer, varav 56 från rättsväsendet som besvarade en enkät gällande ett misshandelsfall. Enkäten fanns i tre olika utföranden där en gärningsmans bakgrund manipulerades. Resultaten indikerade att rättsväsendet tilldelar hårdare straff mot gärningsmannen, samt bedömer brottet allvarligare i fallet där gärningsmannen ej var känd tidigare. Detta kan bero på att rättsväsendet är professionella i sina bedömningar oavsett gärningsmäns bakgrund. Kontrollgruppen däremot kan anse att gärningsmannen förtjänar en andra chans och därmed inte dömer lika hårt.

  • 21672.
    Öberg, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Integration genom etniska föreningar: En kvalitativ studie om integrering och ökad politisk aktivitet via ideella föreningar2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    The purpose of this study was to examine whether non-profit organizations in the form of ethnic associations could contribute to greater political integration of ethnic minorities.

    tree questions sought to answer the aim of this study: “To see if memberships in ethnical contributed greater political integration and participation in society and politics?” “Have association membership contributed to increased political participation, as well as an increased interest in political issues? “And what measures for increased political participation and greater political integration has been made by the parish of Västerås in recent years?

    The essay was performed by means of interviews. The results show that a commitment to an ethnic association improves the possibility of integration and increased political interest.

  • 21673.
    Öberg Nielsen, Elenor
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    GENUSPERSPEKTIV PÅ BILDER: En kvantitativ innehållsanalys om hur Stefan Löfven, Ulf Kristersson, Ebba Busch Thor och Annie Lööf framställs i svenska tidningsmedier.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21674.
    Öberg, Åsa
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innovation driven by meaning2012Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hi-tech companies that want to innovate their products use, quite often, and quite naturally, technology as a driver. But, technology is only one of several drivers of change within product development. It is becoming more and more accessible and alone, cannot serve as the only mean to stay competitive.  This research sheds light on a different driver of innovation – namely, through the perspective of “meaning”. An innovation, driven by the search for a new meaning of a product, is connected to the purpose of “why” a product is used. It is not about “how” it is used. In this sense, innovations driven by meaning, are connected to a human’s new experience of use – rather than to the improvement of an existing performance. This type of innovation builds on people and their interpretation of why a product or service make sense in their life and therefore, it is subjective rather than objective. It represents a move, from the classic business perspectives of optimization and control to approach the unpredictable and ambiguous views of humans in a wider, cultural context.   

    A company that reconsidered the meaning of their product, is Germany-based KUKA with their “RoboCoaster”. This product uses existing technology to transform an industrial robot from a powerful, efficient and accurate tool into an exciting amusement ride system, delivering excitement, enjoyment and pleasurable fear. Another example is the Da Vinci surgical system in which, instead of replacing humans in an industrial application, a robot interacts with humans by acting as a surgeon in performing invasive surgery.  Through finding new applications of existing technologies – (the Robocoaster )– or through new technologies (the Da Vinci surgical system) – these products are not “better” than existing industrial robots: they have changed the reason why people use them. 

    But, theories on how to innovate with a “meaning” perspective, (i.e. on how to develop new interpretations for products and services) are rare. Indeed, dominant streams of innovation research have been connected to problem solving (Simon, 1996, Clark, 1985, Pahl and Beitz, 1988, Clark and Fujimoto, 1991, Teece et al., 1997 , Krishnan and Ulrich 2001) or idea generation (Brown, 2008, Martin, 2007). This research instead, set the focus on the context. It is a move from a cognitive focus to a social one. A move from user driven innovation strategies to also embrace a wider network of actors in the process of interpretation. The nature of this innovation is different and therefore, it requires a different approach. In this licentiate thesis the nature of innovation of meaning is examined and its relevance and practice discussed with the help of hermeneutics. The research suggests that innovation of meaning calls for new theoretical frames in innovation studies: from innovation as a process of problem solving and creative thinking to innovation as a process of interpreting and envisioning

  • 21675.
    Öberg, Åsa
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Politecnico di Milano.
    Striving for meaning - a study of innovation processes2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, innovation processes have often focused on creatively solving problems with the help of new technology or business models. However, when describing products in terms of function or visual appearance, the reflection on a less visible dimension, the product meaning, is left out. The perspective of meaning is an alternative path to innovation that pays attention to the reason for using a product, its “why” rather than its “how”. Nevertheless, within the field of innovation management, research on meaning is still in its infancy and lacks well developed frameworks.

    The objective of this study is to increase the understanding of the dimension of meaning within the innovation processes in companies and - in particular - the practices that support such a process, looking particularly at nine cases where managers sought to develop directions of new product meaning - spanning businesses within manufacturing, consumer goods and fashion.

    The study shows that companies used practices often opposite to what is described in innovation literature. Rather than taking out and leaving their opinions behind to reach a “beginner's mind”, the managers showed a silent evolving of interest and a conscious exposing of their own personal beliefs. They moved beyond standard procedures of information sharing to a practice of a multifaceted criticizing. Rather than outsourcing the product solutions, a practice of embodying the proposed product meaning was observed. In-depth studies showed that when the participants do not expose their thoughts with conviction, the process of searching to innovate product meaning seems to struggle. The act of exposing does not happen in a moment but when individuals open up and let old interpretations fade away, leaving room for new perspectives. Moreover, these studies showed that external sources, so called interpreters, fuel discussions on product meaning by leveraging a critical ability that includes practices described as asking, giving, daring and playing.

    The study contributes with an increased understanding of the meaning dimension within innovation management by leveraging theories of hermeneutics, design and leadership. It shows that this type of innovation process is relevant but differs from processes of creatively solving problems. Rather than being driven to find solutions, a meaning perspective includes a process of striving towards new potential product meaning.

  • 21676.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Altuna, Naiara
    Politecnico di Milano.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano.
    INTERPRETERS: a source of innovations driven by meaning2014In: Innovation through engineering, business and design, University of Limercik, 2014, p. 173-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

      There are a number of ways of “thinking new”, the “Google” way –ideas oriented– and the “Interpreting” way –meaning oriented– among others. In this article, we describe one valuable part in the emergence of new meanings, the source of external experts, or, the so-called interpreters. The interpreters’ contribution to the ”Interpreting” way depends on their characteristics, the conversational process where their insights are exchanged with others and - the company and its capability to absorb and transform these insights. This research is focused on the first: the characteristics.

    To answer this, we first review one of the most important features of an interpreter, namely the ability to be critical, second, we conduct one in-depth case study of a large multinational company that has convened seven interpreters to develop new emerging meanings for a special product in their portfolio.

    The paper connects to different types of critical thinking/stance from both the educational and philosophical field, but also to theory from psychology. It concludes that conversations and discussions are eased if the interpreters possess certain abilities besides knowledge. Thus, for the process of interpreting, knowledge, per se is not enough. Instead it needs to be mediated by individual behaviour. A behaviour that is closer to criticism than to creativity.

  • 21677.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    CARVING OUT THE PRODUCT MEANING: from Pre-emptying to Embodying2014In: "Innovation through engineering, business and design", 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When companies stay within the existing thinking frame of a product they risk to miss an important aspect, namely the meaning of it. By describing products in terms of function or visual appearance they tend to surface the product rather than deeply understand the reason of using it, its “why”, i.e. its meaning.

    To compensate for “locked in” interpretations of products many different approaches have been proposed, like deBonos hats (deBono 1986), “design thinking” (Brown 2009 ) and user innovation (von Hippel 2005). These approaches often result in a vast amount of ideas about solutions aimed at improving functionality, but they hardly dig into the interpretation of product meaning. They appear effective in innovating solutions, the “how” of a product, but: are they adequate as well when it comes to innovating the meaning of a product, its “why”?

     

    This paper explores what happens when firms move innovation deeper, and instead of innovating a solution for an existing problem or meaning, they want to change the product meaning. In particular it focuses on the process of innovation of meaning, and its differences with more traditional and well-known processes that aim at innovate solutions. It tells the story of four companies that went through several stages of reflection on product meaning. Our objective is to detect the nature of the process of innovation of meaning and understand if it aligns with the basic principles of problems solving that has been proposed by innovation literature in the last decade.

     

    By digging into the stories of meaning driven innovation projects of these firms, we unveil that: (1) the process of innovation of meaning differs substantially from the process of innovation of solutions; indeed, its principles are mostly opposite than to what is stated from innovation literature focused on problem solving. (2) The process of innovation of meaning evolves along four major phases: from a silent evolving of interest, to a conscious pre-emptying of existing beliefs, an iterative and multifaceted conversing and finally the embodying of the new proposed meaning. (3) These four phases are in line with the dynamic of change processes explored by scholars who have received less attention in the innovation literature. And these are researchers who have addressed change in humans and society from the perspective of the interpretation and search for meaning: philosophers of hermeneutics (Gadamer, Ricoeur), leadership (Scharmer), human disciplines (Hekkert). Aligning the process of innovation of meaning with different domains of knowledge is both a confirmation of the need for new approaches within innovation research -  and an invitation to search for new frames of within the same. The aim of this study has been to propose and spur research to understand no only how to find new solutions, but also, how to create products and services that are give new meaning to people and businesses.

  • 21678.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Politecnico di Milano, Italy.
    Meaning: An Unexplored Path of Innovation2014In: International Journal of Innovation in Management, ISSN 2308-1295, Vol. 2, no 2, p. 77-92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Over the last ten years, the practice and research around innovation has been dominated by one perspective: innovation is an activity of “creative problem solving”. According to this perspective, users have problems or needs, and innovation implies an understanding of those problems and the creation of better ideas to solve them (Kelley, 2001, Chesbrough, 2003, Brown, 2009, Martin, 2009). There is, however, a level of innovation that has been overlooked: the level of meaning. People are continuously searching for meaning. Whenever they do something in life, there is a meaning behind that action, a purpose, and a “why”. They also use products and services that support this search for meaning. For example, they use fast robots with the purpose of improving the productivity of a process. Firms often assume that meanings exist “out there” in the market. They just have to be understood, not innovated. Therefore, they search for new solutions, a new “how”, to serve this existing purpose better: a faster robot, for example. However, people are not only searching for new solutions to existing problems. They are also searching for new meanings because their life keeps changing and because they are delighted by the discovery of new directions. For example, hospitals buy slow robots, such as the DaVinci system, the leading prostatectomy device, not to replace doctors and increase productivity, but to help them in complex operations. This article contends that there is a third type of innovation that is overlooked by the existing frameworks of innovation, which focus on the innovation of technologies and markets: innovation as driven by meaning. By leveraging case studies of firms in consumer and industrial markets, this article: (1) identifies and defines this third type of innovation, the innovation of meaning (2) positions it in relation to the two other main drivers of innovation (technologies and markets); (3) identifies the peculiar nature of the innovation of meaning; and (4) indicates a possible research strategy to explore the process of the innovation of meaning

  • 21679.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Poitecnico di Milano.
    Pre-emptying and the myth of the naïve mind2014In: Proceedings of the 19th DMI International Design Management Research Conference: Design Management in an Era of Disruption, 2014, p. -225Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    One of the mantras of innovation and design in the last years is that innovation requires a "beginner's mind". Innovation is hoped to come from people who are non-experts, unaware of existing solution heuristics and therefore free from pre-conceptions.

    But, innovation does not always concern the search for new solutions. It can involve a search for new meaning. By meaning we refer to the purpose of a product, the “why” it is used, rather than the “how”. Meanings come from individuals and influence how they interpret their personal and business reality; they create myths. Are pre-conceptions detrimental also when searching for new meanings? Should companies therefore look for beginner’s minds, or clean the minds of their organization, also when innovating meaning?

    This article contends that, in the context of innovation of meaning, “the naïve mind” looks like a naïve theoretical construct itself. Our research shows that rather then searching for innovators with a beginner’s mind (who hardly exist) and rather than trying to challenge an organization’s pre-conceptions, companies may positively leverage the existence of pre-understanding. By a deliberate act of “pre-emptying”, employees can clearly express the meaning they believe in, not to challenge and clean it, but in order to use it as a precious ingredient to be melted and framed into a new interpretation of product meaning. In this paper “pre-emptying” will be discussed in the light of hermeneutics, theory U by Scharmer and four empirical cases of global corporations. 

  • 21680.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Taking a Meaning Perspective: – A Third Dimension of Innovation2013Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Theories of innovation, and especially of radical innovation, have often overlooked the innovation of meanings, especially in its more radical form. In this chapter we will illustrate how this innovation is related to other types of innovation, will discuss its nature and will show that radical innovation of meanings always occur, in every industry, and has the power to shape competition thereafter.

  • 21681.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vision and Innovation of Meaning - Hermeneutics and the search for technology epiphanies2011In: Proceedings of the 18th International Product Development Management Conference, Delft, Netherlands, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Radical innovation strategies have traditionally been connected to either technology or market realted issues. The focus has been on solving problems and more recently on generating ideas. An alternative way to innovation is to search for a new meaningful experience of a product or technology. It includes an interpretation of the the human in a wider context and it links innovation to the fields of both design and hermeneutics. To discover technological applications with a radically new meaning (named technology epiphanies) this article propose four themes roted in the framework of hermeneutics: Designing scenarios of meaning, Debating, Building critical capabilites and Envisioning new meaning. These themes show why the creation of meanings is context-dependent and why they cannot be optimized. Moreover, we show that the search for new meanings includes a process of both questioning the existing beliefs in an industry but also to propose new market scenarios. By presenting cases both from business to business environments and consumer markets we conclude that the search for new meaningful products finds it way through the iterative process of interpreting and envisioning.

  • 21682.
    Öberg, Åsa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Verganti, Roberto
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    When meaning drives innovation: - A study of innovation dynamics in the robotic industry2012In: When meaning drives innovation, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    No one nowadays dare to question the value of innovation. Indeed, several studies, from macroeconomics, to innovation economics, from strategy to innovation management, have investigated and discussed how innovation drives competitive advantage and the wealth of nations. However, in most studies, “innovation” is usually a shortcut for “technological innovation”, i.e. improvement driven by technological change. There are instead multiple drivers of change, within which technology is only one (and not necessarily what builds most value) both in business and society. In this article we focus on another driver of innovation, namely the search for “meaning”. Innovation of meaning is defined as a change in the “purpose” for people to buy and use products. It’s not necessarily associated to an improvement in performance, but, rather, by a change of performance and the creation of a new reason for people to use things. Meanings are concerned with the “why” of use, not the “how”. It is about making sense of an experience of use.

      Innovation of meaning seems to be a significant driver of differentiation, as shown in Verganti, 2009, Hekkert et al., 2011, Verganti and Öberg, 2012 and in some extent also in studies on technologies (Christensen, 1997) and market innovation (Kim and Mauborgne, 2005, Moon, 2010). However, we lack a deep understanding of if and how innovation of meaning creates value, and how it shapes competition in industries. The purpose of this article, therefore, is to contribute to create a better understanding of the value of innovation of meaning. Is innovation of meaning relevant for business and competition? If so, “how” (i.e. through which assets and economics is a new product meaning contributing to create value for businesses), and “when” (i.e. in which context is innovation of meaning a more or less fruitful strategy?). These questions are not marginal and cannot rely on traditional theories on the value of innovation. If indeed technological innovation creates an improvement in performance and therefore has a direct impact on value, innovation of meaning cannot be put on a scale (i.e. it is impossible to quantitatively claim that a meaning is “better” than another meaning). Therefore assessing the value of a change in meaning implies to redefine our assumptions about the value of innovation and challenges the related theoretical frameworks.    

      In order to grasp the profound dynamics of innovation and its impacts on competition, our analysis focuses on a specific industry: industrial robotics. By analyzing major changes in meanings in this industry, and in particular innovations associated with safe robotics (a breakthrough in meaning for industrial robots, whose traditional meaning was of being dangerous and to be kept far from people), we show that innovation of meaning can indeed create significant value, even in an business-to-business environment that is typically considered to be driven by performance rather than by purpose. We also show that innovation of meaning may create value through several factors. Not only sales volumes, but also, and above all, through profit margins, brand, and positioning. Even if a change in meaning does not necessarily substitute an incumbent dominant solution. This implies that, differently than technological change, that is predestined to saturation cycles, there is always a potential for creating value (or destroying value) by a change in meaning. In fact, it leaves major questions open about how to assess and capture this potential. We therefore conclude by discussing the major theoretical questions about when and how investments in innovation of meaning are more likely to create value and possible research directions, namely: what are the circumstances that make people willing to re-interpret the meaning of a product? And, conversely, what are the circumstances that make people prefer to stay within the existing meaning of a product? And most of all, how can businesses recognize these two different situations?

  • 21683.
    Ödgren, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Hur arbetar speciallärare och matematiklärare med elever i matamatiksvårigheter?2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Med "En skola för alla", menas att det är skolans ansvar att anpassa sig, då alla barn skall ges rätt till inlärning och känna delaktighet oavsett svårigheter. De senaste åren har de låga resultaten i matematik i PISA undersökningarna larmat om att det är något i matematikundervisningen som måste göras. Matematiska kunskaper ses som avgörande för en individs liv, men även för hela samhällets utveckling. Skolverket har 2014 gett ut exempel på extra anpassningar och särskilt stöd, som hjälp till speciallärare och lärare. Jag har genom intervjuer undersökt hur speciallärare och matematiklärare beskriver att de arbetar med elever i matematiksvårigheter och vilka anpassningar speciallärarna och matematiklärarna vidtar i individuella utvecklingsplaner och åtgärdsprogram. De specialpedagogiska perspektiven, det relationella och kategoriska, används för att analysera data. Mitt resultat visar att det finns ett stort behov av att utveckla det förebyggande arbetet och screening, för att sätta in rätt anpassningar. För att utveckla en naturlig taluppfattning behöver behoven uppmärksammas tidigt hos eleven och rätt stöd sättas in.

  • 21684.
    Ödhall, Johanna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Simonyan, Ida
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Future Scenario Simulations For Smart Grids: Modeling and simulation of load demand changes impact on low-voltage distribution networks2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Climate changes represent one of the greatest challenges of our time where global communities continue working together on research, observations, a better understanding of recent changes, and increased actions against environmental impacts. The global electricity demand constantly grows and is the most broadly used form of energy. Currently, the greatest amount of carbon dioxide emissions comes from generation of electrical energy, making a significant contribution to climate change. Besides the environmental concerns, another central issue is the aging of the electricity network, which struggles to fulfill the demands from the new infrastructure.

    The concept of smart grids is a central part in managing current and future needs in the electricity sector and enables the possibility of developing and implementing new technologies, services and also increasing the choices and activities of the consumers. A smart grid is an intelligent modernized grid system that can balance the demand and supply of electricity, from an environmental, renewable and sustainable perspective.

    The simulations made in this study are based on developed future energy scenarios on a city scale grid, which includes mass adoption of plug-in electric vehicle, large solar PV penetration at a residential level and demand response.

    The early studies in our research demonstrate the significant role of renewing the existing traditional grid primarily due to the aging infrastructure and integration of new technologies. Traditionally, the electricity consumption has been the main controlling factor steering the production. In the future, the renewable energy production will steer the consumption, due to its unpredictability and intermittency. 

    Sweden is an extreme example in case of weather conditions. The grid in Sweden is to be robust, as it has to handle the completely different conditions during the summer and winter, with its low-load-high-generation vs. high-load-low-generation features. Our thesis results indicate that a large amount of integrated electric vehicles affects the grid negatively by causing extreme high loads. Strategies for shifting and controlling of the electric vehicles charging showed to be of great importance in order to prevent extra peak increases. Even great amount of Photovoltaic resulted in negative impact on the grid, due to the overproduction that is to be handled by the network. Too much solar power requires high need of storage, in order to utilize the overproduction. Demand response proved to be a substantial part of the solution for the smart grid concept. 

    In order to enable integrating of renewable energy sources and extra loads in form of electric vehicles, the grid is to undergo an evolution by gradually transforming into a more complex and intelligent grid. The grid evolution will take quite a long time, but after all a true smart grid will be able to adapt itself to varying environmental conditions. 

  • 21685.
    Ödman, Linn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Bergman, Ida
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Persson, Linda
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Sex Säljer!?: En kvalitativ studie om attitydskillnader hos generation X och Z gentemot sexualiserad reklam2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en gemensam negativ attityd gentemot sexualiserad reklam hos både generationerna X och Z. Däremot skiljer sig hur generationerna agerar utefter sina attityder. Skrönan att sex säljer är därför något som borde moderniseras.

  • 21686.
    Ödman, Torbjörn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Wireless measurement systems for health and safety2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This licentiate thesis presents an advanced wireless system, built on a single hardware platform, for applications in medicine and health. In order to design a single system, adaptable for different context, an accurate system specification is required.

    The technical requirements are authenticated by actual tests in the environment where the system is intended to be used. The results of these measurements give an understanding of the possibilities of designing a real system but also acts as a base for deriving the empirical formulas to be used as the basis of the development and verification.

    In summary, this work has included a larger measurement campaign and a verification of subsystems to support the development of wireless systems on a single hardware platform. This can be used for different measurements in medical healthcare and rescue work.

    Previous systems for endurance tests have limitations in that they are not adapted to different sizes of mammals and they also have shortcomings in the quantification of data and scalability.

    The developed system was validated on mice and humans. On mice the measurement parameters was the hormone dopamine and locomotion. For humans it was measured time for given distances. Both validation tests showed high correlation with the respective reference methods. The correlation coefficients of mice between the developed system and the former system ranged from 0.916 to 0.967. In the validation with humans, runners were clocked by the system clock and a manual stop watch. The lowest correlation coefficient was 0.864. Advantages with the developed system is that it is scalable and measures the activity level quantitatively in the unit meters and it can also be used for different sizes of mammals in different environments.

    In tracking devices for rescue it is important that the transmitted signal can be detected at distances as large as possible. A support in the design work is to simulate path loss. This requires a path loss exponent, which was calculated after the measurement campaign. The results showed that the exponent of the height dependency decreases with antenna height above water. For the frequency 200 MHz, the exponent for the antenna height is 0.4 (vertical polarization) and 1.5 (horizontal polarization). For the distance dependency, the exponent was 3.59 (vertical polarization) and 3.22 (horizontal polarization). The path loss exponent is 2 for both the free space- and the ground reflection model.

    An antenna’s physical dimension is to a large extent dependent on the lowest frequency. The research’s aim was to reduce the physical size by introducing a resonance frequency. The physical length was from the beginning 0.43 meter given by the lowest frequency used (0.7 GHz) and the antenna was reduced in size to 0.22 meter. 

  • 21687. Ödman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Ankarson, Peter
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Hallbjörner, Paul
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Experimental study of path loss for UHF band communication near water surface2012In: International Journal on Communications Antenna and Propagation, ISSN 2039-5086, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 215-219Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The UHF band is often used for communication over water. Presented work quantifies path loss for this scenario. Experimental results are presented within 200 MHz to 1000 MHz, with the antennas positioned up to 2 m above the water surface. Path loss models are created from the measured data.

  • 21688. Ödman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Hallbjörner, Paul
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Vivaldi antenna with low frequency resonance for reduced dimensions2013In: 2013 7th European Conference on Antennas and Propagation, EuCAP 2013, 2013, p. 2457-2459Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a broadband antenna with a design similar to a Vivaldi antenna. The difference is that a resonance is added to get a widerfrequency range, which is used to reduce the dimensions of the antenna. The antenna is built and characterized by S11, radiation patterns, and gain.

  • 21689.
    Ödman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. Saab Electronic Defense Systems, Jönköping, Sweden .
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Larsson, C.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden. Saab Dynamics, Linköping, Sweden .
    Reflection/transmission study of two fabrics with microwave properties2014In: Stud. Health Technol. Informatics, 2014, p. 95-100Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, the transmission and reflection of two conductive fabrics are investigated in the frequency range from 2 to 18 GHz. One of the fabrics is a non-woven polypyrrole, and the other consists of a polyethylene warp with steel threads in the weft. Reflection and transmission measurements are performed in order to characterize the electromagnetic properties of the materials. Reflection measurements are performed for two polarizations at normal, 0°, and 60° incident angles. Transmission measurements are also done for two polarization directions at normal incidence. The results show that the fabric with the steel filler reflects most of the incident radiation, and has very low transmission with some polarization dependence. The polypyrrole non-woven fabric, on the other hand, has reflection and transmission properties that show that it is absorbing the incident radiation. Wearable on-body sensors that in addition are comfortable to wear can be integrated in the textile of clothes. These sensors can e.g., be used to monitor health or analyze gait. The fabrics have the potential to be used in health applications when designing on-body sensors, e.g. for movement analysis.

  • 21690.
    Ödman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Saab Electronic Defence Systems, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Welinder, J.
    SP Technical Research Institute of Sweden, Borås, Sweden.
    Andersson, N.
    Södra Älvsborgs Hospital, Borås, Sweden .
    Otterskog, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Ödman, N.
    Larsson, C.
    Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    A study of different fabrics to increase radar cross section of humans2015In: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, vol. 211, 2015, p. 201-206Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This purpose of the study was to increase the visibility on radar for unprotected pedestrians with the aid of conducting fabric. The experiment comprised measurements of four types of fabric to determine the radio frequency properties, such as radar cross section (RCS) for the vehicle radar frequency 77 GHz and transmission (shielding) in the frequency range 3-18 GHz. Two different thicknesses of polypyrrole (PPy) nonvowen fabric were tested and one thickness for 30 % and 40 % stainless steel fabrics respectively. A jacket with the thinner nonvowen material and one with 40 % steel were tested and compared to an unmodified jacket in the RCS measurement. The measurement showed an increase in RCS of 4 dB for the jacket with the 40 % steel lining compared to the unmodified jacket. The transmission measurement was aimed at determining the fabric with the highest transmission of an incoming radio wave. The 30 % steel fabric and the two thicknesses of the nonvowen fabrics were tested. One practical application is for example the use of radar reflective material in search and rescue (SAR) clothes. The study showed that the 30 % steel fabric was the best candidate for further RCS measurements.

  • 21691.
    Ödman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Saab Combitech, Sweden.
    Ödman, N
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus, Sweden.
    Rabotchi, E
    Ericsson AB, Sweden.
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Åkervall, s
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus, Sweden.
    Comparison between Two Exercise Systems for Rodents2014In: IFMBE Proceedings Volume 41, 2014, Springer , 2014, p. 1575-1578Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a comparison between two measurement systems for medical endurance test for rodents, a new running wheel system and an old system named ADEA. The ADEA test chamber system has been criticized because it is cumbersome and involves a lot of manual work which therefore limits the number of test cells that can be run simultaneously. Comparison between the systems has been done via measurements of dopamine levels and thereafter calculating correlation factor. The running wheel system has shown to provide at least as good physical strain as the well tested ADEA system.

  • 21692.
    Ödman, Torbjörn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Ödman, Natalia
    Södra Älvsborgs sjukhus, Borås, Sweden.
    Rabotchi, Eugeni
    Ericsson AB, Borås, Swede.
    Åkervall, Sigvard
    Södra Älvsborgs Sjukhus, Borås, Sweden.
    Lindén, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Development and Validation of a Universal Measurement System for Measuring the Performance of Mammals2014In: International journal of system dynamics applications, ISSN 2160-9772, Vol. 3, no 2Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Exercise wheels for mammals are commonly used as test systems in many medical research areas. Studies may be related to many different areas such as vitamins, hormones (as dopamine), and physical endurance. As research develops the scope and size of the studies increase and the requirements of the test system might change. In order to conduct the experiments effectively, there is a need to increase the number of test stations, and the test station may also be required to handle physically larger mammals. This study presents and validates a wireless system for endurance tests. The system was validated on mice and humans. It is scalable, and can be expandable up to 254 test stations. In the case of the exercise wheel with mice, the ADEA system was used as a reference. The initial validation was done by comparing the activity measured by both systems in mice with different hormone dopamine levels. The correlation coefficients between the systems estimated activity levels were in the range from 0.916 to 0.967. The new system enables quantitative measurements of the activity level using standard SI units (meters and seconds, respectively). In the validation with humans, runners were clocked by the system and manually. The lowest correlation coefficient obtained during these measurements was 0.864. Thus, both applications showed a high correlation with conventional methods.

  • 21693.
    Öhberg, Sofie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av suicidriskbedömning vid telefonrådgivning inom primärvården.2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att utföra en suicidriskbedömning inom telefonrådgivning är en komplex arbetsuppgift som kräver erfarenhet och tyst kunskap. Trots flertalet utmaningar och upplevelse av otillräcklig kunskap utför ändå sjuksköterskorna dessa bedömningar. Syftet med denna studie är att belysa sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av suicidriskbedömning vid telefonrådgivning inom primärvården för att försöka förstå detta fenomen närmre. Studien är uppbyggt på en kvalitativ design med induktiv ansats. Datainsamlingen har skett via fem stycken semistrukturerade intervjuer som analyserats med hjälp av Graneheim och Lundmans (2004) kvalitativ innehållsanalys med en manifest ansats. I resultatet redovisas fem olika kategorier; Att uppleva utmaningar vid suicidriskbedömning inom telefonrådgivning, Att sträva efter ökad kunskap, Att beröras känslomässigt och uppleva otillräcklighet, Att kommunicera med patienten och Att uppleva tryggheter vid suicidriskbedömning inom telefonrådgivning. I resultatdiskussionen jämförs likheter och skillnad mellan tidigare forskning, men även ny information som författaren inte lyckats finna i tidigare forskning. Under metoddiskussionen redovisas tillförlitligheten i studien utifrån Graneheim och Lundmans (2004) kvalitativa innehållsanalys. Slutsatsen påvisar att sjuksköterskorna hanterar de upplevda utmaningarna bland annat genom stöd av kollegor och egna styrkor. Dock framkommer det en önskan om komptensfrämjande åtgärder och även förslag gällande detta.

  • 21694.
    Öhlin, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Digitalt interaktivt läromedel för nya användare genom text och bild i samverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The starting point of this work was to study how a digital interactive teaching material for new users can be designed through text and image in collaboration. The work has been done on behalf of Eskilstuna kommun, and the goal was to inform my target group about Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The primary target group for this work are employees in Eskilstuna kommun who are new users of GIS. GIS are digital maps in 2D or 3D that can be used for gathering, storing, analyzing and presenting location-based information.

    There is no guarantee that images together with text can increase the understanding of a teaching material. It is important that the image has a purpose and that users understands it. Because of that the main theoretical focus have been about text and image in collaboration, as well as pictures in teaching materials. Because of the digital media, I have also used theories about Digital teaching materials, digital writing and reading and good usability on the web. Theories about user centered design were also used to achieve the needs of the new users.

    I have used world analysis, qualitative interviews and a user test as methods in this work. Through the world analysis and qualitative interviews, as well as previous research and theories, a design proposal was drafted for a teaching material about GIS. It was then tested in the user testing of new GIS users. As a result, the collaboration between text and image worked well and contributed to an increased understanding. 

  • 21695.
    Öhling, Lina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Nilsson-Fornsedt, Emily
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Att börja i förskolan: Förskollärares perspektiv på inskolningsprocessen i förskolan2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur förskollärare beskriver inskolnings­processen i förskolan. Resultatet bygger på åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer med verksamma förskollärare. Teoretisk utgångspunkt i studien är ett norm­kritiskt perspektiv och anknytningsteorin. Analysmetoden i studien är tematisk. Fokus i ana­lys­metoden är centrala teman och subteman. I resultatet lyfter deltagarna tre områden kring inskolningsprocessen. Dessa är hur förskollärare förhåller sig till olika inskolningsformer, familjer med annat modersmål och hur de ser på föräldra­samverkan. Slutsatserna av denna studie är att förskollärarnas förhållnings­­sätt är viktigt för hur inskolnings­processen gen­omförs. Vårdnads­havares delaktighet och inflytande under inskol­nings­­­­­processen är också beroende av förskollärarnas förhållningssätt, och vilket normsystem för­skolan har.

  • 21696.
    Öhling, Rose-Mari
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Från barnomsorg till undervisning för barn: Förskolan i förändring2010Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mitt syfte med detta examensarbete var att ta reda på vilka pedagogiska krav som ställs i och med den under året 2010 reviderade läroplanen för förskolan. Jag ville också ge en historisk tillbakablick på förskolans föregående styrdokument. Min huvudsakliga metod för att genomföra detta arbete har varit att genom textanalys jämföra den gällande läroplanen för förskolan, Lpfö 98, med den reviderade upplagan av Lpfö 98 (Lpfö 98 reviderad 2010). Jag har fokuserat på de förändringar i den reviderade läroplanen som förväntas ge pedagogiska konsekvenser, samt berör förskollärares uttryckliga ansvar. Min undersökning visade att de pedagogiska målen i förskolan var mer detaljerade och delvis omformulerade i den reviderade läroplanen. Undersökningen visade också att förskollärare har fått ett uttalat ansvar i läroplanens samtliga kapitelavsnitt, undantaget ett kompletterande avsnitt gällande förskolechefens ansvar.

  • 21697. Öhlund, Ulf
    et al.
    Carlhed, Carina
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    På väg. Erfarenheter av Vårdhögskoleutbildning i samverkan landsting/stat.1998Report (Other (popular scientific, debate etc.))
  • 21698.
    Öhlén, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    FYSISK MILJÖ OCH BARNS INFLYTANDE: Hur hör det ihop?2009Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Detta är en kvalitativ studie som belyser hur verksamma pedagoger i förskolan ser på den fysiska miljön och barns inflytande. Går det att påverka barns inflytande med hjälp av den fysiska miljön på förskolan? Studiens resultat visar att de flesta av respondenterna anser att det går. Vad som mer framkommer är att förskollärare skulle kunna använda sig mycket mer av den fysiska miljön än vad de faktiskt gör. Många belyser samma sätt att använda sig av miljön för att påverka barns inflytande och det verkar som att de inte har så mycket idéer om hur de skulle kunna påverka den fysiska miljön för att främja barns inflytande. Det finns däremot pedagogiska inriktningar som fokuserar och lägger ner väldigt mycket tid och energi på den fysiska miljön. Studien visar att förskolor utan särskild inriktning kanske bör ta efter dessa specialinriktade förskolor vad gäller arbetet med och kring den fysiska miljön.

  • 21699.
    Öhman, Annelie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Gunnarsson, Elise
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Barns perspektiv på motivation och lärande i skolan2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med vår studie var att identifiera några centrala utmaningar och problem i förståelsen av barns motivation i skolan i relation till deras syn på lärande och kunskap. Det är en kvalitativ studie som är uppbyggd av semistrukturerade intervjuer med tolv barn i årskurs ett. Vi valde att formulera begreppet motivation genom att fråga barnen vad som är roligt  i skolan, eftersom det lustfyllda kan ses som en del av begreppet motivation. Vi valde även att fråga om vad barnen tyckte var tråkigt i skolan för att se vad barnen ansåg som icke motiverande i skolan. I intervjuerna gav barnen uttryck för att lärande var viktigt eftersom barnen ser kunskapen som väsentlig för deras framtid. Vår slutsats blev att vi inte kunde fastställa om barnen i vår studie verkligen var motiverade eller inte eftersom vi inte använde begreppet motivation i intervjuerna. Däremot tolkade vi barnens uttryck för det lärandet de ansåg som roligt, till det som motiverar barnen i skolan. Med den forskning vi har lyft i studien och resultatet från våra intervjuer kan vi se att barnen finner det mer lustfyllt i skolan när de känner sig duktiga och får jobba med det de tycker är intressant.

  • 21700.
    Öhman, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hur upplever människor självkänsla, samt hur kan människor stödja sig själva och varandra i att växa i självkänsla2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor)Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    I den psykoterapeutiska relationen kan individen speglas och stärkas i sin självkänsla, men det är inte alla förunnat. Syftet med undersökningen var att finna hur individer i vardagligt samspel kan stödja varandra. En kvalitativ intervjustudie i halvstrukturerad form genomfördes med åtta pensionärer i Västerås. Undersökningen analyserades med meningskoncentrering. Resultatet redovisar att , samt hur, deltagarna anser det möjligt att stödja sig själva och varandra i att växa i självkänsla. Resultatet visar även att det kan vara viktigt att stödja olika åldersgrupper på olika sätt för att skapa trygga förutsättningar för att växa i självkänsla. Hur olika kulturer samt skilda förutsättningar under olika tidsepoker kan påverka individens självkänsla är exempel på områden som med fördel kan undersökas vidare.

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