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  • 21651.
    weyuker, elaine
    et al.
    AT and T Labs, USA.
    Bell, R
    AT and T Labs, USA.
    Ostrand, T
    AT and T Labs, USA.
    Replicate, Replicate, Replicate2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Replication is a standard part of scientific experimentation. Unfortunately, in software engineering, replication of experiments is often considered an inferior type of research, or not even research at all. In this paper we describe four different types of replication that we have been performing as part of validating the effectiveness and applicability of our software fault prediction research. We discuss replication over time, replication by using different subject systems, replication by changing the variables in prediction models, and replication by varying the modeling algorithms.

  • 21652.
    Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Bell, R
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Ostrand, T
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    We’re Finding Most of the Bugs, but What Are We Missing2010In: ICST 2010 - 3rd International Conference on Software Testing, Verification and Validation, 2010, p. 313-322, article id 5477073Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare two types of model that have been used to predict software fault-proneness in the next release of a software system. Classification models make a binary prediction that a software entity such as a file or module is likely to be either faulty or not faulty in the next release. Ranking models order the entities according to their predicted number of faults. They are generally used to establish a priority for more intensive testing of the entities that occur early in the ranking. We investigate ways of assessing both classification models and ranking models, and the extent to which metrics appropriate for one type of model are also appropriate for the other. Previous work has shown that ranking models are capable of identifying relatively small sets of files that contain 75-95% of the faults detected in the next release of large legacy systems. In our studies of the rankings produced by these models, the faults not contained in the predicted most faultprone files are nearly always distributed across many of the remaining files; i.e., a single file that is in the lower portion of the ranking virtually never contains a large number of faults.

  • 21653.
    Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Ostrand, T
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Comparing Methods to Identify Defect Reports in a Change Management Database2008In: DEFECTS'08: 2008 International Symposium on Software Testing and Analysis - Proceedings of the 2008 Workshop on Defects in Large Software Systems 2008, DEFECTS'08, 2008, p. 27-31Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A key problem when doing automated fault analysis and fault prediction from information in a software change management database is how to determine which change reports represent software faults. In some change management systems, there is no simple way to distinguish fault reports from changes made to add new functionality or perform routine maintenance. This paper describes a comparison of two methods for classifying change reports for a large software system, and concludes that, for that particular system, the stage of development when the report was initialized is a more accurate indicator of its fault status than the presence of certain keywords in the report's natural language description.

  • 21654.
    Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Ostrand, T
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Comparing Negative Binomial and Recursive Partitioning Models for Fault Prediction2008In: Proceedings - International Conference on Software Engineering, 2008, 2008, p. 3-9Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21655. Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    Ostrand, T
    Software Fault Prediction Tool2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21656.
    Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    AT&T Labs - Research, USA.
    Ostrand, T
    AT&T Labs - Research, USA.
    What Can Fault Prediction Do For YOU?2008In: Tests and Proofs, Springer, 2008, p. 18-29Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It would obviously be very valuable to know in advance which files in the next release of a large software system are most likely to contain the largest numbers of faults. This is true whether the goal is to validate the system by testing or formally verifying it, or by using some hybrid approach. To accomplish this, we developed negative binomial regression models and used them to predict the expected number of faults in each file of the next release of a system. The predictions are based on code characteristics and fault and modification history data. This paper discusses what we have learned from applying the model to several large industrial systems, each with multiple years of field exposure. It also discusses our success in making accurate predictions and some of the issues that had to be considered.

  • 21657.
    Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    AT and T Labs, United States .
    Ostrand, T
    AT and T Labs, United States .
    Bell, R
    AT and T Labs, United States .
    Comparing the Effectiveness of Several Modeling Methods for Fault Prediction2010In: Journal of Empirical Software Engineering, ISSN 1382-3256, E-ISSN 1573-7616, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 277-295Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We compare the effectiveness of four modeling methods-negative binomial regression, recursive partitioning, random forests and Bayesian additive regression trees-for predicting the files likely to contain the most faults for 28 to 35 releases of three large industrial software systems. Predictor variables included lines of code, file age, faults in the previous release, changes in the previous two releases, and programming language. To compare the effectiveness of the different models, we use two metrics-the percent of faults contained in the top 20% of files identified by the model, and a new, more general metric, the fault-percentile-average. The negative binomial regression and random forests models performed significantly better than recursive partitioning and Bayesian additive regression trees, as assessed by either of the metrics. For each of the three systems, the negative binomial and random forests models identified 20% of the files in each release that contained an average of 76% to 94% of the faults. 

  • 21658.
    weyuker, elaine
    et al.
    AT&T Labs Res, Florham Pk, NJ 07932 USA.
    Ostrand, T
    AT&T Labs Res, Florham Pk, NJ 07932 USA.
    Bell, R
    AT&T Labs Res, Florham Pk, NJ 07932 USA.
    Do Too Many Cooks Spoil the Broth? Using the Number of Developers to Enhance Defect Prediction Models2008In: Journal of Empirical Software Engineering, ISSN 1382-3256, E-ISSN 1573-7616, Vol. 13, no 5, p. 539-559Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Fault prediction by negative binomial regression models is shown to be effective for four large production software systems from industry. A model developed originally with data from systems with regularly scheduled releases was successfully adapted to a system without releases to identify 20% of that system's files that contained 75% of the faults. A model with a pre-specified set of variables derived from earlier research was applied to three additional systems, and proved capable of identifying averages of 81, 94 and 76% of the faults in those systems. A primary focus of this paper is to investigate the impact on predictive accuracy of using data about the number of developers who access individual code units. For each system, including the cumulative number of developers who had previously modified a file yielded no more than a modest improvement in predictive accuracy. We conclude that while many factors can "spoil the broth" (lead to the release of software with too many defects), the number of developers is not a major influence.

  • 21659.
    Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Ostrand, T.
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Bell, R. M.
    AT and T Labs - Research, USA.
    Programmer-based Fault Prediction2010In: ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 2010, article id 19Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Previous research has provided evidence that a combination of static code metrics and software history metrics can be used to predict with surprising success which files in the next release of a large system will have the largest numbers of defects. In contrast, very little research exists to indicate whether information about individual developers can profitably be used to improve predictions. Aims: We investigate whether files in a large system that are modified by an individual developer consistently contain either more or fewer faults than the average of all files in the system. The goal of the investigation is to determine whether information about which particular developer modified a file is able to improve defect predictions. We also continue an earlier study to evaluate the use of counts of the number of developers who modified a file as predictors of the file's future faultiness. Method: We analyzed change reports filed by 107 programmers for 16 releases of a system with 1,400,000 LOC and 3100 files. A "bug ratio" was defined for programmers, measuring the proportion of faulty files in release R out of all files modified by the programmer in release R-1. The study compares the bug ratios of individual programmers to the average bug ratio, and also assesses the consistency of the bug ratio across releases for individual programmers. Results: Bug ratios varied widely among all the programmers, as well as for many individual programmers across all the releases that they participated in. We found a statistically significant correlation between the bug ratios for programmers for the first half of changed files versus the ratios for the second half, indicating a measurable degree of persistence in the bug ratio. However, when the computation was repeated with the bug ratio controlled not only by release, but also by file size, the correlation disappeared. In addition to the bug ratios, we confirmed that counts of the cumulative number of different developers changing a file over its lifetime can help to improve predictions, while other developer counts are not helpful.

  • 21660.
    WEYUKER, ELAINE
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, United States.
    Ostrand, Thomas J.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Experiences with academic-industrial collaboration on empirical studies of software systems2017In: Proceedings - 2017 IEEE 28th International Symposium on Software Reliability Engineering Workshops, ISSREW 2017, p. 164-168Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The authors have held both academic and industrial research positions, and have designed and carried out many empirical studies of large software systems that were built and maintained in industrial environments. Their experiences show that the most crucial component of a successful study is the participation of at least one industrial collaborator who is committed to the study’s goals and is able to provide advice and assistance throughout the course of the study. This paper describes studies carried out in three different industrial environments, discusses obstacles that arise, and how the authors have been able to overcome some of those obstacles. 

  • 21661. Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    Ostrand, Thomas J.
    Software Testing Research and Software Engineering Education2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21662. Weyuker, Elaine
    et al.
    Shin, Y
    Ostrand, T
    Bell, R
    Does Calling Structure Information Improve the Accuracy of Fault Prediction?2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21663.
    Whalen, Joann
    et al.
    McGill Univ, Dept Nat Resource Sci, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Xu, Charles (Chunbao)
    Western Univ, Dept Chem & Biochem Engn, London, ON, Canada..
    Shen, Fei
    Sichuan Agr Univ, Sch Environm, Yaan, Peoples R China..
    Kumar, Amit
    Univ Alberta, Dept Mech Engn, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Eklund, Mats
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Management & Engn, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. KTH Royal Inst Technol, Vasteras, Sweden.
    Sustainable biofuel production from forestry, agricultural and waste biomass feedstocks2017In: Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, E-ISSN 1872-9118, Vol. 198, p. 281-283Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21664.
    Wheeler, Sitsofe
    et al.
    University of York.
    Bate, Iain
    University of York.
    Bartlett, Mark
    University of York.
    Video subset selection for measurement based Worst Case Execution Time analysis2011In: SIES 2011 - 6th IEEE International Symposium on Industrial Embedded Systems, Conference Proceedings, 2011, p. 213-222Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Worst Case Execution Time (WCET) has traditionally approached problems with small, well defined input spaces. For processes with a large input space (such as video) existing techniques struggle to produce a meaningful result. This work investigates a technique that reduces the input space while still preserving execution time properties to allow subsequent WCET analysis to be more effective.

  • 21665.
    Whight-Webb, Omarni
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Peshku, Alesia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    The Integration of Big Data in Customer-Support Service and Value Creation: A study of how firms use the potentiality of big data to create value in the field of customer-support service.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Date:   29th May 2018   

    Level: Master Thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS

    Institution:     School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors:         Alesia Peshku      Omarni Whight-Webb

                   6th April, 1995                    21st August, 1995

    Title:             The integration of big data in customer-support service and value creation – a study of how firms use the potentiality of big data to create value in the field of customer-support service.

    Tutor:             Konstantin Lampou

    Keywords:   Big Data; Customer Support-Service field; Big Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence

    Research        How are firms creating value from big data, in the field of customer

    question:         service?

                           

    Purpose:       The purpose of this research is to understand how the information that lies in big data helps firms to create value in the field of customer-support service. A particular focus is placed on the identification of these ‘value-creating’ factors. By pinpointing these factors, the main goal is to shed light on the concept of value and how it is perceived within raw data in relation to customer service.

    Method:         This research was conducted using a qualitative research method. The data was collected through interviews and systematic observation near Ticketbird- a start-up company that was treated as a case study.

    Conclusion:    The aim of this study was to answer the research question regarding the process of value creation in big data, with specificity to the field of customer service. In doing so, the insights gained allowed for the identification of what was earlier referred to as ‘value-creating factors’. These factors were then labeled as major or minor, the differentiator being major themes were identified as interactions with the consumer while the later were processes conducted before or after the interaction with consumers.

  • 21666.
    Whitaker, Anna
    et al.
    Ersta Sköndal, Institutionen för Socialvetenskap.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Omsorgens existentiella innebörder i livets sista tid- från de äldstas horisont2012In: Åldrande och omsorgens gestaltningar: mot nya perspektiv / [ed] Eva Jeppsson Grassman & Anna Whitaker, Lund, Sverige: Studentlitteratur , 2012, 1:1, p. 163-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I vår tids diskussion om välfärd är omsorgsbegreppet centralt. Men vad är omsorg och på vilket sätt kommer den till uttryck i sammanhang som gäller äldre och åldrande? Det är några av de frågeställningar som diskuteras i den här antologin.

    I äldre­omsorgsforskning har man hittills som regel tagit offentlig äldreomsorg som en självklar utgångspunkt. Här vidgas istället perspektivet och flera andra av omsorgsbegreppets olika dimensioner, gestaltningar och sammanhang inkluderas och diskuteras – sådana som har betydelse i vår tid men som ofta har förbisetts i forskningen. Det innebär också att antologin fokuserar på åldrande och omsorg i vid bemärkelse och inte bara på kommunal äldreomsorg. Med utgångspunkt i begrepp som tid, plats och aktörer och samspelet mellan dessa lyfter vi fram flera olika sammanhang för omsorg: Det är fråga om civilsamhället som plats och utförare av omsorg, liksom omsorg som berör migration och etniska relationer. Vi diskuterar också den fysiska miljön, boendet och platsens betydelse för omsorgens utformning och innebörder. Slutligen belyser vi livets sista tid och omsorgens olika existentiella dimensioner under detta skede.

    Åldrande och omsorgens gestaltningar - mot nya perspektiv riktar sig främst till högskolestuderande inom samhälls- och beteende­vetenskap, socialt arbete, social omsorg och vård, liksom till yrkesverksamma inom fältet. Den kan också vara värdefull för en intresserad allmänhet.

  • 21667.
    Whitaker, J.
    et al.
    University of Richmond.
    Ekman, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Thompson, S.
    University of Richmond.
    Americas conference on information systems AMCIS2012 Seattle: How multinational firms use IT to manage their global operations2012In: 18th Americas Conference on Information Systems 2012, AMCIS 2012, 2012, p. 1119-1126Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a generally-acknowledged importance of IT in enabling global strategy and a broad understanding of the manner in which IT enhances coordination and reduces cost, few studies have focused precisely on how multinational firms use IT to facilitate globalization. We conduct a detailed case study across four major multinational firms, and use primary data to develop theoretical propositions on the characteristics of products, processes and customers that impact the ways in which multinational firms use IT to manage their global operations.

  • 21668.
    Whitaker, Jonathan
    et al.
    University of Richmond, USA.
    Ekman, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Thompson, Steven
    University of Richmond, USA.
    How Multinational Corporations Use Information Technology to Manage Global Operations2017In: Journal of Computer Information Systems, ISSN 0887-4417, Vol. 57, no 2, p. 112-122Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Despite a generally acknowledged importance of information technology (IT) in enabling global strategy and a broad understanding of the manner in which IT enhances coordination and reduces cost, few studies have focused precisely on how multinational corporations (MNCs) use IT to facilitate globalization. To address this gap in the literature, we conduct a case study across four large MNCs, and use primary data to develop predictive propositions on the characteristics of products, processes, and customers that impact the ways in which MNCs use IT to manage their global operations.

  • 21669.
    White, Benjamin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Moraschinelli, Ettore
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The Pursuit of Sustainable Competitive Advantage: A Profile of the Starbucks Corporation2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The Pursuit of Sustainable Competitive Advantage – A Profile of the Starbucks Corporation

    Authors: Benjamin Adam White & Ettore Moraschinelli

    Advisor: Jean-Charles Languilaire

    Date: 2009 May 29

    Program: International Business and Entrepreneurship

    Purpose: To study sustainable competitive advantages using Starbucks as a case study.

    Methods: The qualitative method was utilized to collect the secondary data used in this type of thesis, being a case study. This approach applied to both the theories used in the analysis as well as the empirical data about Starbucks.

    Conclusion: Nothing is sustainable in business including a company’s such as Starbucks competitive advantages.  It is the pursuit of the utopian idea of sustainable competitive advantages that can actually be sustained.  This approach does not guarantee success, but important components of a company’s pursuit are their leadership, innovative nature and relationship management.  Accordingly these theories do not cover all aspects or offer a full explanation of Starbucks success. Therefore, it is recommended for others to research Starbucks using different theories and perspectives in order to draw out other analyses from the empirical case

  • 21670.
    Wickford, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Conscious seeing: A description of a reflective framework used with final-year Swedish physiotherapy students in the context of international clinical placements2014In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, Vol. 16, no 1, p. 41-48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper describes a reflective framework that aims to support physiotherapy students participating in new cultural contexts to develop their personal and professional learning, and their reflective skills. The framework was used by eight Swedish physiotherapy students who did international clinical placements in Thailand and Mexico. This was done as part of their bachelor's thesis projects. The data generated from the reflective process was analysed by the students using Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis. The outcome demonstrated that this structured approach to reflection facilitated the students' reflective processes and led to perceived personal and professional insight, increased cultural appreciation and a greater appreciation for reflection. This framework can be a useful tool to support students' reflection processes in new cultural contexts. It is presented for further testing and development, such as in intercultural contexts in the home country, and by physiotherapy teachers and clinical supervisors.

  • 21671.
    Wickford, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Considerations for enhanced community based physiotherapy services in Afghanistan.2011In: Development efforts in Afghanistan: is there a will and a way?: The case of disability and vulnerability. / [ed] Jean-Francois Trani, Paris: L'Harmattan , 2011, p. 193-214Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21672.
    Wickford, Jenny
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Physiotherapists in Afghanistan: Exploring, encouraging & experiencing professional development in the Afghan development context2010Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
  • 21673.
    Wickford, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Duttine, A.
    Handicap International, United Kingdom .
    Answering global health needs in low-income countries: Considering the role of physical therapists2013In: World Medical and Health Policy, ISSN 1948-4682, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 141-160Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the changing landscape of global health, new challenges continuously emerge and new ways of addressing them are needed. There are huge discrepancies between health care services in high- and low-income countries, and those countries' ability to deal with these health challenges. Physical inactivity is recognized as a growing and serious problem for global health. Physical therapy - an allied health profession primarily interested in function and movement of the human body - is well-established and -recognized in most high-income countries. In low- and middle-income countries, however, physical therapists are either severely limited in numbers and inaccessible to most, or services are established largely outside of national health systems. Yet in these countries, physical therapists can have a major role to play from promotion and prevention to habilitation and rehabilitation. Using physical activity as its underpinning approach, there are clear gaps to fill within the spheres of non-communicable disease, maternal and child health, aging populations, HIV/AIDS, musculoskeletal disorders and injuries, and mental health, to name a few. Thus in this discussion paper we propose that, as a component of collaborative interdisciplinary care and with contextually adapted and locally rooted services, physical therapy is an important health profession for health systems in low-income countries.

  • 21674.
    Wickford, Jenny
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Edwards, Ian
    University of South Australia.
    Rosberg, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    A transformative perspective and learning and professional development of Afghan physiotherapists.2012In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 269-282Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21675.
    Wickford, Jenny
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hultberg, John
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rosberg, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Physiotherapy in Afghanistan – needs and challenges for development.2008In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 305-313Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21676.
    Wickford, Jenny
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Rosberg, Susanne
    Göteborgs universitet.
    From Idealistic Helper to Enterprising Learner:  critical reflections on personal development through experiences from Afghanistan2012In: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, ISSN 0959-3985, E-ISSN 1532-5040, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 283-291Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21677.
    Wickman, Ernst
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Design av rengöringsrobot för operation i generiskthöglagersystem2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is an applied master thesis in product development that revolves around the development of an autonomous robotic cleaning solution for application in warehouses with high-speed cranes. The customer of this work has specified criteria that the solution must fulfill, this report aims to clarify whether the specifications and wishes of the customer are compatible with one another, and to specify how such a solution can look like within the customers previously stated constraints.

     

    This has been achieved thru a traditional product development processes with interspersed and interwoven engineering tasks such as dimensioning and design of mechanical elements, readymade component dimensioning and selection, static mechanic computer aided simulation, and computer aided design work. The focus of this work has been the creation of design documentation for components that the customer lacks in-house experience in developing on their own, these components particularly pertains to any custom designed machine components required for reaching the goals set out by the customer.

    The result is a cleaning robot based on ABBs IRB1200 manipulator on a “chassis” with geometries that allow it to interact with the high-speed crane specified by the customer. To achieve the needed range for reaching all the areas in the warehouse scaffolding, form the positions the high-speed crane can provide a system for moving the manipulator IRB1200 in relation to the scaffolding has been developed.  This system consists of sleds actuated by electro mechanical drives from a manufacturer specified by the customer.  For safe operation the within the warehouse system a novel locking system has been developed to allow the chassis to remain static during full extensions of the manipulator. With a single motion this locking system engages or disengages, this is intended to allow the locking system to be fully automated in future iterations of the design. All this was accomplished with the constraints 100% use of “off the shelf components” and profile cutting manufacturing techniques, which is considered a very favorable outcome.

    The process used to achieve this result can be criticized in its use of certain simplifications as can the generalizability of the issue solved and its scientific value. A general value in solving the problem that was set out can be found in the reduction of menial and dangerous work if the solution is implemented and runs as intended. Put in a broader perspective this project can be seen as roadmap for iterative automation in warehouse systems and the engineering challenges that comes with such undertakings. The project also emphasize the possibility to create new and uniquely adapted advanced solutions with readily available components and manufacturing techniques. 

  • 21678.
    Wickramasinghe, Leelani Kumari
    et al.
    Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia .
    Georgeff, Michael P
    Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia .
    Schmidt, Heinz
    RMIT University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia .
    Thomas, Ian E
    Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia .
    Guttmann, Christian
    Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia .
    Goal-Directed Approach for Process Specification and Service Selection in Customer Life Cycle Management2012In: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing, Volume 98, Springer, 2012, Vol. 98, no 1, p. 151-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Service selection is the first step in customer life cycle management where services are selected to meet a customer's goals or objectives, personalised to the circumstances of the customer. The aim of this paper is twofold: (1) to develop concepts and algorithms for goal-directed service selection; and (2) to compare and reconcile our goal-directed approach with a service-oriented approach. The proposed goal-directed service selection algorithm is based on a goal-directed domain description that represents the customer objectives and the business processes. We use service component architectures with formalised contractual service process definitions as a software engineering approach to architectural design and realisation of service-oriented architectures (SOA). The comparison aims to understand the relationship between and benefits of a goal-directed approach and a service oriented approach . We use case studies from two complex customer care management domains to demonstrate the concepts. The implemented algorithms are tested in a health care case study.

  • 21679. Wickramasinghe, Leelani Kumari
    et al.
    Guttmann, Christian
    Georgeff, Michael P
    Gharib, Hamid
    Thomas, Ian E
    Thompson, Simon
    Schmidt, Heinz
    Agent-based intelligent collaborative care management2009In: Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems (AAMAS 2009), 2009, p. 1387-1389Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of our research is to provide a unified model for the composition and management of consumer care services. We identify design, composition, distribution and management as key stages of this model and propose an Intelligent Collaborative Care Management (ICCM) System as its realisation. The distribution and management stages are implemented as multi-agent systems. Agents in the distribution stage carry out domain-specific negotiation and distribution processes for the assignment of tasks in the care plan. Through the agents in the management stage, we introduce the notion of 'failure prevention' and 'adherence support' in contrast to 'failure recovery' in planning. The key to failure prevention is to identify what has to be carried out to prevent care plan failures. The healthcare domain is used to demonstrate the ICCM system.

  • 21680. Widarsson, Björn
    et al.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bayesian network-based early-warning for leakage in recovery boilers2008In: Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, E-ISSN 1873-5606, Vol. 28, no 7, p. 754-760Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Early-warning for leakage in a recovery boiler can help the process operator to detect faults and take action when a dangerous situation is developing. By analysing the mass-balances on both the steam and combustion side of the boiler in a Bayesian network, the probability of leakage can be determined and used as an early-warning. The method is tested with real plant data combined with leakage simulations. The results show that it is possible to detect considerably smaller leakages using this method than using the type of simple steam-side mass-balance method that is in use today. Bayesian network is an efficient tool to combine information from measurement signals and calculations giving an early-warning system that is robust to signal faults

  • 21681.
    Widarsson, Björn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Public Technology.
    Karlsson, Christer
    Mälardalen University, Department of Public Technology.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, Department of Public Technology.
    Bayesian Network for Decision Support on Soot Blowing Superheaters in a Biomass Fuelled Boiler2004In: 2004 International Conference on Probabilistic Methods Applied to Power Systems, 2004, p. 212-217Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a process for combined heat and power generation there is a need for fault detection, decision support and risk assessment to prevent operational disturbances and reduction in performance. A method to achieve decision support is to use Bayesian networks, where knowledge about the process is combined with operational experience. The network covers the convectional superheaters in the flue gas train, which is a major problem domain in biomass-fuelled boilers. The superheaters are exposed to fouling from flue gases. Fouling reduces the heat transfer and result in a decreased power plant performance. The Bayesian network is constructed to give decision support on preventive action to reduce abnormal fouling. Validation of the Bayesian network show that the prediction of hard fouling works well under uncertainty.

  • 21682.
    Widarsson, Margareta
    Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för folkhälso- och vårdvetenskap.
    Journey from Pregnancy to Early Parenthood: Perceived Needs of Support, Fathers’ Involvement, Depressive Symptoms and Stress2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The overall aim was to describe the perceived needs for support and fathers’ involvement among expectant parents, and to examine depressive symptoms and parental stress in early parenthood among mothers and fathers.

    Methods: Two qualitative studies using focus groups and individual interviews, and three quantitative comparative studies using three questionnaires were conducted.

    Results: The expectant parents had different needs and suggestions for health-care improvement. One improvement of these was better involvement of expectant fathers, as fathers were described as the mothers’ best means of support and also had needs of their own. The fathers used different strategies to get involved during the pregnancy, but sometimes found it difficult to know what was expected of them. The mothers perceived more depressive symptoms and parental stress than the fathers. The mothers also perceived higher dyadic consensus than the fathers. Parents with depressive symptoms reported lower consensus than those without. There was a negative correlation between dyadic consensus and depressive symptoms in both mothers and fathers. Mothers perceived higher parental stress than fathers in the sub-areas ‘Incompetence regarding parenthood’, ‘Role restriction’, ‘Spouse relationship problems’, and ‘Health problems’, and overall. In contrast, fathers perceived higher stress than mothers in the sub-area ‘Social isolation’. Low education, lack of a role model and poor sense of coherence promoted more stress in mothers in the sub-areas ‘Social isolation’ and ‘Spouse relationship problems’, while lack of a role model and low sense of coherence promoted stress in fathers in the sub-area ‘Social isolation’.

    Conclusions and clinical implications: The expectant parents’ needs of support were not consistent with the support offered from health care services. These services need to become more client-centred, for example by offering customized individual support and peer support in groups. Further, they should also meet the needs of expectant fathers which can benefit the whole family. To promote parents’ health and family stability, health professionals should consider depressive symptoms and parental stress. They should also take gender norms into account so that parents become prepared for parenthood and get adequate support during early parenthood.

  • 21683.
    Widarsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Letterstål, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Källestedt Södersved, Marie Louise
    Uppsala University, Region Västmanland, Västerås, Sweden.
    Newly graduated swedish nurses’ inadequacy in developing professional competence2020In: Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing: Continuing Competence for the Future, ISSN 0022-0124, E-ISSN 1938-2472, Vol. 51, no 2, p. 65-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The learning process for student and recently graduated nurses during their transition to professional nursing is stressful and challenging. The aim of this study was to describe recent graduates’ experiences of developing professional competence in their basic nursing program and during their first year. Method: A qualitative descriptive design with an inductive approach based on interviews with 11 nurses, with a qualitative content analysis. Results: Recently graduated nurses experience shortages and struggle to develop their professional competence. They find that reflection is a fundamental tool in the process of professional competence development. The competence gap is not between theoretical and practical knowledge, but rather between the university and health care organizations. Conclusion: Focusing on the intertwining of theoretical and practical knowledge can bridge the gap between these two organizations and create a foundation for lifelong learning of professional competence. Creating opportunities for reflection is central to the learning process. 

  • 21684.
    Widarsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Engström, G.
    Florida Atlantic University, United States.
    Tydén, T.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lundberg, P.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    'Paddling upstream': Fathers' involvement during pregnancy as described by expectant fathers and mothers2015In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, no 7-8, p. 1059-1068Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objectives: To describe the perspectives of expectant mothers and fathers on fathers' involvement during pregnancy. Background: Becoming a father is a major life event and paternal involvement during pregnancy has a positive influence on the family. However, research into both expectant mothers' and fathers' perspectives on fathers' involvement during pregnancy is relatively scarce. Design: A descriptive qualitative study was used. Methods: Thirty expectant parents (20 women and 10 men) were interviewed either as part of one of four focus groups or in an individual interview. Qualitative content analysis was performed on the interview transcripts. Results: A theme of 'Paddling upstream' emerged as an expression of the latent content of the interviews concerning perspectives on fathers' involvement. Five sub-themes described the manifest content: trying to participate, trying to be understanding, trying to learn, trying to be a calming influence and trying to find a balanced life. Expectant parents suggested several ways to improve fathers' involvement and to meet parents' need for shared involvement. Conclusion: Expectant mothers and fathers wanted the father to be more involved in the pregnancy. Although fathers attempted different strategies, they did not always perceive what was expected of them and encountered many barriers as they tried to navigate through this unique experience. The best support for the father was the mother. Expectant parents wanted their healthcare to include the father more thoroughly and to focus on the whole family. Relevance to clinical practice: Prenatal care professionals can overcome barriers that prevent paternal involvement. Although fathers are not able to engage in the pregnancy on the same level as the mother, we suggest that their specific needs also be recognised through an increased awareness of gender norms in healthcare.

  • 21685.
    Widarsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Engström, Gabriella
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Berglund, Anders
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Tydén, Tanja
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Lundberg, Pranee
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Parental stress and dyadic consensus in early parenthood among mothers and fathers in Sweden2014In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 689-699Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Parental stress can negatively affect the parent-child relationship and reduce the well-being of the whole family. Family disagreement is associated with parental divorce and with psychological problems in children.

    AIMS: The aim was to examine perceived parental stress and draw comparisons among mothers and among fathers, in relation to educational level, parental experience, existence of a parental role model and sense of coherence. The aim was also to examine perceived dyadic consensus and its association with perceived parental stress within couples.

    METHODS: Questionnaires were completed by 320 mothers and 315 fathers at 1 week and 18 months post-partum. The Swedish Parenthood Stress Questionnaire, the Sense of Coherence Scale and the Dyadic Consensus Subscale were used.

    RESULTS: Low education, lack of a role model and poor sense of coherence promoted stress in mothers in the subareas social isolation and spouse relationship problems, while lack of a role model and poor sense of coherence promoted stress in fathers in the subarea social isolation. Furthermore, parental experiences promoted stress among mothers in the subarea incompetence while this was not seen among fathers. Mothers perceived a higher level of dyadic consensus than fathers in the items recreational activities, friends, aims and life goals, time spent together, and decisions regarding career and personal development. Household tasks was the only item where fathers perceived a higher level of dyadic consensus than mothers. Additionally, there were associations between perceived parental stress and dyadic consensus in several items and in the total score.

    CONCLUSIONS: To promote parents' health and family stability, health professionals should consider factors affecting stress and stress reactions, and take gender roles into account.

  • 21686.
    Widarsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Engström, Gabriella
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Rosenblad, A.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Kerstis, B.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Edlund, B.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Lundberg, P.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Parental stress in early parenthood among mothers and fathers in Sweden2013In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 839-847Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Parental stress affects parenting behaviour and the quality of dyadic parent-child interactions. Mothers generally show higher parental stress than fathers. Aims: Our aims were to assess the perceived level of parental stress in early parenthood and examine the differences between mothers and fathers within couples in relation to their levels of education, parental experience, existence of a parental role model and sense of coherence. Methods: In total, 307 mothers and 301 fathers of 18-month-old children answered the Swedish Parenthood Stress Questionnaire (SPSQ); and 318 mothers and 311 fathers answered the Sense of Coherence (SOC-3) scale; 283 couples answered both the SPSQ and SOC-3. Results: Mothers perceived higher levels of stress than fathers in the sub-areas incompetence (p < 0.001), role restriction (p < 0.001), spouse relationship problems (p = 0.004) and health problems (p = 0.027), and in total (p = 0.001). In contrast, fathers perceived higher stress than mothers in the sub-area social isolation (p < 0.001). When the data were stratified with respect to education, parental experience, existence of a parental role model and sense of coherence, significant results were observed in some of these sub-areas. Conclusions: Mothers and fathers experience stress in different areas during their early parenthood. Healthcare professionals should be aware of the differences in stress that exist between mothers and fathers, so that parents can be adequately prepared for parenthood and avoid parental stress. 

  • 21687. Widarsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Kerstis, Birgitta
    Sundquist, Kristina
    Engström, Gabriella
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sarkadi, Anna
    Support Needs of Expectant Mothers and Fathers: A Qualitative Study2012In: The Journal of Perinatal Education,, ISSN 1058-1243, Vol. 21, no 1, p. 36-44Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe expectant mothers' and fathers' perceived needs of support during pregnancy. Twenty-two women and 10 men were interviewed in four focus groups and 13 individual interviews. Systematic text condensation was performed to analyze the data. Parents described not only a broad spectrum of social support needs but also needs of psychological and physical support. They also requested to share their experiences with others. The foci of care and parents' needs of support are more harmonized with medical support than with psychological and emotional support. Mothers' needs were predominately addressed in the health services, but fathers often felt “invisible.“ Antenatal services may need to offer more customized individual support and emphasize peer support in groups; the challenge is to involve both parents through communication and encouragement so they can support each other. 

  • 21688.
    Widarsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Nohlert, E.
    Centre for Clinical Research, Uppsala University Västmanland County Hospital, Sweden.
    Öhrvik, J.
    Uppsala Univ, Vastmanland Cty Hosp, Ctr Clin Res, Uppsala, Sweden; Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Kerstis, Birgitta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Parental stress and depressive symptoms increase the risk of separation among parents with children less than 11 years of age in Sweden.2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 47, p. 207-214Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: Parental separations have become more frequent in recent decades. In Western countries, about 25% of children experience parental separation. There is a need to explore the risk factors for separation to give children an optimal childhood. The objective of the present study was to examine parental stress and depressive symptoms during early parenthood and their association with parental separation. Methods: Four hundred and seven couples completed questionnaires on depressive symptoms for 3 months and parental stress for 18 months after childbirth. Total parental stress and five sub-areas were investigated. To study the separation rate, parents’ addresses were recorded 9 to 11 years after childbirth. Results: Twenty-nine percent of the parents were separated 9 to 11 years after childbirth. Separation was associated with depressive symptoms at 3 months (mothers p =.002, fathers p =.025) and total parental stress at 18 months after childbirth (mothers p =.010, fathers p =.005). The sub-areas of parental stress, Spouse relationship problems (mothers p = <.001, fathers p =.001) and fathers’ Social isolation (p =.005), were associated with separation. In multivariable regression analyses of the parents’ separation rate 9 to 11 years after childbirth, the only significant predictor was mothers’ Spouse relationship problems (p <.001). Conclusions: The knowledge that parental stress and depressive symptoms are risk factors for separation may simplify professional support for parents in early parenting. Courses for new and expectant parents can use this knowledge to increase parents’ awareness

  • 21689.
    Widefjäll, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Inventering av hållbar utveckling i kurser och program vid Mälardalens Högskola2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Hållbar utveckling är en stor utmaning för dagens och morgondagens samhälle. Högskolor och universitet har en central roll i arbetet för hållbar utveckling och detta omfattar lärosätenas aktiviteter på alla plan: forskning, utbildning, kontakter med omgivande samhälle och hur den egna organisationen fungerar. Det är därför viktigt att högskolor och universitet bidrar aktivt med kunskap och lärande kring hållbar utveckling, och inte minst med att studenters och anställdas personliga engagemang ökas av dessa kunskaper. Rapporten Inventering av hållbar utveckling i kurser och program vid Mälardalens högskola utgör en genomgång av vilka kurser och program på Mälardalens högskola som kan uppfylla kriterier att vara utbildning inom området för hållbar utveckling. Eftersom inga givna urvalskriterier finns för vad som kan sägas vara utbildning för hållbar utveckling behandlas denna fråga ingående och referenser görs till liknande utredningar/inventeringar vid andra svenska lärosäten.

  • 21690.
    Widefjäll, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Omvärldsanalys av forskarutbildningar och utbildningar på avancerad nivå inom området Hållbar utveckling2008Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Hållbar utveckling är en stor utmaning för dagens och morgondagens samhälle. Högskolor och universitet har en central roll i arbetet för hållbar utveckling och detta omfattar lärosätenas aktiviteter på alla plan: forskning, utbildning, kontakter med omgivande samhälle och hur den egna organisationen fungerar. Det är därför viktigt att högskolor och universitet bidrar aktivt med kunskap och lärande kring hållbar utveckling, och inte minst med att studenters och anställdas personliga engagemang ökas av dessa kunskaper.

    Rapporten Omvärldsanalys av forskarutbildningar och utbildning på avancerad nivå inom området Hållbar utveckling är framtagen i samverkan med Örebro universitet inom ramen för det s.k Samverkansprojektet mellan de två lärosätena. Rapporten är en analys av svenska och europeiska lärosätens utbildningar på avancerad nivå och forskarutbildningsnivå inom området hållbar utveckling. Tonvikten ligger på svenska lärosäten och en fördjupad genomgång görs av ett par svenska lärosäten där särskilda satsningar gjorts.

     

  • 21691.
    Widegren, Ann
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Anhörigvårdares upplevelser av ACTION-IT-baserat anhörigstöd i Västerås: - en intervjustudie2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I Sverige ökar antalet anhörigvårdare, detta leder till ökande behov av stöd och information. Att vara anhörigvårdare är oftast en livsuppgift där de positiva upplevelserna är övervägande. Dock upplever många anhörigvårdare känslor som ensamhet, stress, oro, skuld och minskat socialt umgänge. Det finns olika typer av anhörigstöd. I Västerås pågår sedan 2006 projektet ACTION-IT-baserat anhörigstöd. Projektet utvärderas på olika sätt under hösten 2008 och där ingår denna uppföljning. Syftet var att beskriva anhörigvårdares upplevelser av ACTION-IT-baserat anhörigstöd i Västerås. Data insamlades genom intervjuer med sju anhörigvårdare som använt ACTION i 1-2 år och analyserades med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet presenteras utifrån analysens nio kategorier av upplevelser, där dessa redovisas och förklaras: Behov av stödet, Eget ansvar, Förkovran, Gemenskap, Kraftkälla, Oro att förlora stödet, Samspel, Tidsprioritering och Tillgänglighet. Slutsatserna visar att ACTION är ett välfungerande anhörigstöd som till vis del handlar om att främja hälsa hos anhörigvårdarna. Uppföljning har belyst styrkor med anhörigstödet ACTION men även belyst de områden som behöver vidareutvecklas.

  • 21692.
    Wideman, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    INKLUDERING AV ANDRASPRÅKSELEVER I NO- OCH SO-ÄMNEN, HUR GÅR DET TILL?: EN KVALITATIV STUDIE OM ANDRASPRÅKSELEVERS INKLUDERING I NO- OCH SO- UNDERVISNINGEN2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka om och hur andraspråkselever blir inkluderade i samhällsorienterande och naturorienterande ämnen. Det har skett utifrån frågeställningen, Hur arbetar lärare i ämnena SO och NO med inkluderingen av andraspråkselever i undervisningen? . De metoder jag har använt mig utav är, systematiskt observation, deltagande observation samt semistrukturerade intervjuer. Mitt urval är baserat på antalet andraspråkselever i klassen då det är en skola på enbart nio klasser. Resultatet är framtaget med hjälp utav ett observationsschema samt från intervjuerna. De slutsatser jag kommit fram till är att ämneslärarna arbetar effektivt med försöket att inkludera eleverna men det brister i kompetens kring andraspråksinlärning, vilket resulterar i att det inte blir en likvärdig skolgång.

  • 21693.
    Widequist, Madelene
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Lärares och elevers målspråksanvändning i det spanska språkklassrummet2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka hur mycket läraren respektive eleverna använder målspråket i ämnet spanska, steg 1 på gymnasiet, samt undersöka om och i så fall hur lärarens målspråksanvändning påverkar eleverna på en nybörjarnivå i språket. Studien har utförts på två gymnasieskolor med hjälp av observationer och intervjuer av de observerade lärarna samt av elever ur varje klass. Resultaten visar att lärarna använde en väldigt liten del av sin taltid på målspråket, endast 6 %. Eleverna däremot talade mer av sin taltid på målspråket, 54 %. Men det språk som talades på målspråket var ingalunda fritt producerat, utan eleverna använde endast målspråket till att besvara lärarens faktabaserade frågor eller vid styrda kommunikativa övningar. I denna studie fann jag inga direkta kopplingar mellan lärarens och elevernas målspråksanvändning mer än att endast faktabaserat tal på målspråket förekom, från såväl lärare som elever. Även om mina resultat inte visade på några samband mellan lärarens och elevernas målspråksanvändning, står jag fast vid min övertygelse om att ett ökat användande av målspråket från läraren kommer öka elevernas användning av målspråket, vilket även styrks av flertalet språkforskare. 

  • 21694.
    Wideslätt, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wideslätt, Johan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Value stream mapping for an office environment2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 21695.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Creating a consortium: Book of industry papers, poster papers and abstracts of the ProjMAN 2014 - International Conference on Project MANagement2014In: Book of industry papers, poster papers and abstracts of the ProjMAN 2014 - International Conference on Project MANagement ProjMAN, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Mälardalen Real-Time Research Center (MRTC) has been a part of several proposals and projects selected and partly funded by ARTEMIS-JU. In this paper we want to present an example how the process of building a consortium can be handled by the main proposer in this kind of calls. The traditional way to do it is a “snow ball strategy” where the consortium lead might lose the control of the development of the consortium. Our approach is to be open, but keep control, by giving successive tasks and instructions to the interested partners, without any promises. When a core team of committed and productive partners is selected, they provide a first draft that is used to select the total consortium. Our strategy is a structured semi-open selection process for the consortium, paired with the development of the proposal.

  • 21696.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Dealing with complex projects in a research environment2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The School of Innovation, Design and Engineering (IDT) at Mälardalen University (MDH), Sweden, has built its research environment in cooperation with European industry. As the number of research project has increased, the challenge to manage the projects is correspondingly increasing. To allow researchers to focus on research, IDT has invested in training for professional project management and designated the department for research coordination (RECO) to be the school´s project management office, providing professional project management to research projects. RECO has launched a number of quality processes to increase the professionalism in applying for and managing research projects, and is now carrying experience between projects and researchers. The combination of excellent research and professional project management is a success factor when handling the large portfolio of complex projects. This poster will present how MDH improve productivity and quality in research management by adding project management competencies to the research environment.

  • 21697.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    On Top of the Consortium: Keeping the Control of Consortium Building in ICT R&D Programmes2016In: International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Innovation 2015 ICE 2015, 2016, article id 7438648Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research projects in the engineering domain are often performed in partnership between Academia and Industry. Some kinds of funding presuppose a specific blend and participation of different partners in the projects. The initiator of a project, the prospective consortium leader, thus has to take on board a selection of organizations to meet the requirements from the funding program or funding body. One usual way is to ask “old friends”, partners you know from previous collaboration, but sometimes it is not sufficient to get a well-balanced consortium with sufficient competence and/or country representation. On the European level, there are many attempts to help the proposers to build a consortium, often named “brokerage event”, “proposer´s days” or the like. These often seems to encourage large consortia, both in principle and in practice. Large consortia can possibly help to be more complementary and well balanced, but there is no evidence that the quality of the project performance or result is better. The encouraged process can be described as a “snow ball” method. New partners arrive more or less spontaneously, and in their turn bring more partners to the consortium. Often, groups of partners who already know each other tend to join a developing consortium cluster-wise, either by country or by research or competence area. From the funding program or funding body, consortia are also encouraged to merge with each other, which gives the process of building a consortium another level of complexity. An advantage of this model can be that partners with previous experience join the consortium, group-wise. An opposite approach is to be open, but to stay in control of the consortium building process. This can be done by giving successive tasks and instructions to the interested partners, without any promises, and just successively incorporate new partners in the consortium. This strategy is a structured semi-open selection process for the consortium, paired with the development of the proposal. We state the hypothesis that the “standard” mechanisms might lead to large consortia, loss of control and possibly bad performance, and that a more restricted method can lead to sufficiently sized consortia, help the consortium leader to keep the control, and possibly lead to better quality of performance. To learn more about this, we have interviewed a number of experienced project managers to find out how they perform consortium building in practice. We have also been interested in learning more about how they examine new research partners before inviting them to a research cooperation proposal or project.

  • 21698.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Project Management in Complex Environments2015In: 21st Century Projects IPMA 2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The School of Innovation, Design and Engineering (IDT) at Mälardalen University (MDH), Sweden, has built its research environment in cooperation with industry by funding from external sources. As the number of research project has increased, the challenge to run and manage the projects is increasing. To allow researchers to focus on research rather than project management, IDT has invested in training for professional project management and designated the department for research coordination (RECO) to be the project management office (PMO), providing professional project management to research projects. RECO are now carriers of experience between different projects. RECO project managers, however, are not experts in the research conducted at the school, which is a challenge. Nevertheless, the combination of excellent research and professional project management is a success factor when it comes to handling the large portfolio of complex projects within the school. This session will present a survey among Swedish PMO, and set it in relief to how MDH improve productivity and quality in research management by adding project management competencies to the research environment at the university.

  • 21699.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Researchers strategies: Parallel or Sequential working style2016In: 22nd EARMA Annual Conference 2016 NEW HORIZONS IN RESEARCH MANAGEMENT EARMA*16, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are different styles among researchers in their activities to apply for funds and to perform research project. Our observation has been that you can see at least two radically different styles. Some researchers have a style of acting that we would call a parallel or even an entrepreneurial style. That means that you apply for new projects even if the portfolio is full, and although there are no current resources to perform the project. If a new project is granted, the resources are also recruited. The consequence is that the environment has to grow both by recruitment and by promotion of juniors. The application work will have to be industrialized, and also calls for several support structures. On the opposite a sequential style means to apply for a new project only when another runs into its end. This attitude will be conservative and just allow for a small expansion of the working environment. Partly it may relate to the ‘ivory tower’ and ‘strategic research’ (Kurek et al 2007), but in this study we just address the “habit” of applying for external research projects and contributing to a growing research environment. We would like to propose a study where we correlate the number of applications and granted proposals from individual researchers, with usual key figures for a research environment, such as publications, citations and awarded PhDs. If a certain researcher applies a parallel or a sequential style, how will he or she perform in terms of recruitment and supervision of PhD students, writing papers and getting citations? We would also like to correlate the appearance of these different styles in different environment, to trace where they appear. In our close proximity, we notice for example that a parallel style or even strategy is apparent in some environments, but lacking in others. Is that distribution just random or systematically? What does it look like at other universities? How many individuals are needed or sufficient to influence an environment? The expected outcome is to settle that these characters actually exists, the two styles. And if they do, to find which factors will be beneficial for the development of a more entrepreneurial style, a parallel style. And also how environments dominated by this kind of researchers develop especially in relation to environment with the other style.

  • 21700.
    Widforss, Gunnar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Rosqvist, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    The Project Office as Project Management Support in Complex Environments2015In: Procedia Computer Science, ISSN 1877-0509, E-ISSN 1877-0509, Vol. 64, p. 764-770Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In the academic sector, most engineering research funding presupposes collaborative projects. Collaboration between academia and industry is encouraged. This approach creates successive complexity in most Research and Development (R&D) projects in many ways. Projects funded by the European Commission or jointly funded by national agencies are often encouraged to become large, competing companies may become partners, objectives are unclear, and overall vagueness usually increases with consortium size. Many companies and some research organizations have created project management offices (PMO) to deal with project complexity. Typically, project managers in research organizations are excellent researchers but less skilled or interested in project management. To help researchers stay focused on research and not get side tracked by project management, the PMO provides professional project management services to researchers and research projects. The combination of excellent research and professional project management is a success factor when handling a large portfolio of complex projects. We surveyed the directors of PMOs in Sweden to determine how PMOs cope with complexity in different organizations. This paper presents the results of that small survey and compares them with similar efforts at one Swedish university in a brief case study.

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