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  • 201.
    Fundin, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter E
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploring the emergent quality management paradigm2018Ingår i: The Excellence summit Excellence sum, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 202.
    Fundin, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter E.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploring the emergent quality management paradigmIngår i: Total Quality Management and Business Excellence, ISSN 1478-3363, E-ISSN 1478-3371Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The development of successful production systems is affected by conflicting forces, that is, initiatives seemingly conducive for one line of work can be a constraint for another. Consequently, this paper presents an alternative perspective on how these issues could be managed in organisations. There are a number of key challenges in terms of the involved dichotomies for future innovative quality improvements in operations. These dichotomies are part of four interrelated processes that are the central elements of a production system. As such, aiming for stability or change is a production process dilemma in terms of the production and distribution of offerings and solutions. Control and creativity are the main dilemmas of the innovation process, that is, the creation and implementation of new offerings and solutions, while exploitation and exploration are the dilemmas of the knowledge creation process and efficiency and effectiveness of the value creation process. As the simultaneous existence of both parts of the dichotomy seems to be a paradox, this paper suggests the emergent quality management paradigm as an alternative perspective providing the guidance, examples, and practical solutions necessary to solve these dilemmas by recognising the dichotomies as mutually dependent.

  • 203.
    Fundin, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bergman, B.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Elg, M.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    The quality dilemma: Combining development and stability2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 9-33Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this chapter is to problematize the strategic management of both efficiency and effectiveness through quality management. First, the chapter describes five cases with lessons learned from the dichotomy of efficiency and effectiveness on how quality management could be turned into either a constructive or a destructive dilemma. Then, the history of the quality movement and how it has developed during the last century is discussed briefly. Quality management will be considered in relation to organization theory regarding exploration, exploitation, and dual organizational capabilities. Finally, the chapter concludes with proposals on ways forward for quality management as a strategy for both short-term efficiency and long-term effectiveness and survival. 

  • 204.
    Fundin, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bergquist, B.
    Luleå University of Technology, Luleå, Sweden.
    Eriksson, H.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Gremyr, I.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenges and propositions for research in quality management2018Ingår i: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 199, s. 125-137Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    From its inception, the field of quality management (QM) has been characterised by practice-driven development. Although QM has reached maturity as a field of research based on empirical enquiry, its practitioners still struggle to adapt QM implementations to reap their benefits. This study aims to identify their challenges to better understand how contemporary QM research addresses them. We propose approaches to bridge the potential relevance gaps between research and practice. A Delphi study of QM practitioners in Swedish private and public organisations, several of which operate globally, generated 49 challenges. An exploratory factor analysis was performed to cluster these challenges into themes, and the literature was reviewed to investigate how each theme has been addressed in QM research. The empirical investigation identified three themes related to future QM challenges—organisations’ adaptability to rapid changes in the business environment, quality as a strategic concern for business owners, and managerial ownership of quality. By analysing these challenges, six propositions for future research were proposed to reduce potential relevance gaps. Future research should focus on how to make QM a strategic concern for owners, and explore how it can contribute to organisational ambidexterity and adaptability. Research should also determine how context influences the way QM is applied, and investigate how it can improve organisational learning and innovation. Finally, research should indicate how top managers can adopt the responsibilities of quality managers, and explore the ways the principal values of QM can be better integrated into organisations.

  • 205.
    Gharechaie, Arman Tommy
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Darab, Omid
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Achieving New Standards in Prosthetic Socket Manufacturing2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Förord: Denna forskning om produktutvecklingsprocessen av en armprotes genomfördes av två studenter från Mälardalens universitet, avdelningen för innovation, design och teknik.

    Bakgrund: Den senaste offentliga undersökningen visar att cirka 5 miljoner människor i Kina är amputerade, varav en betydligt stor del är under-armbågsamputerade.

    Armproteser som säljs till underarmsamputerade individer är utrustade med endast två yt-elektromyografiska sensorer, har låg komfort, har problem med perspiration och hög vikt. Den nuvarande standarden för armproteser har inte förändrats under årtionden.

    Forskningsfrågor: Följande forskningsfrågor har bestämt riktningen för forskningen: (1) Vilka mätbara faktorer bidrar till en praktisk och ergonomisk funktionsdesign i underarmsproteser ur slutanvändarens perspektiv? (2) Hur kan vikten och funktionaliteten förbättras för att åstadkomma en underarmsprotes som är bättre anpassad för slutanvändaren med avseende på den befintliga underarmsprotesen? (3) Vilket material och tillverkningsmetod är lämpligt för att producera kostnadseffektiva och anpassade underarmsproteser?

    Forskningsmetod: Forskningsmetoden styrdes av den femte upplagan av Product Design and Development av Ulrich & Eppinger (2012) där produktutvecklingsprocessen är uppdelad i sex faser. I denna forskning användes de fem första faserna från planering till testning och justering.

    Tekniker för datainsamling och analys som användes i denna forskning styrdes av Research Methods for Students, Academics and Professionals av Williamson & Bow (2002).

    Intervjuer genomfördes med fem olika intressenter för att hitta kravspecifikationer och för att konkretisera subjektivitet för vad som definierar kvalitet och ergonomi.

    Implementering:  Underarmsamputerade individer beställer för närvarande armproteser från ortopediska kliniker. Armprotesen identifierades som en produkt av Ottobock. Undersökningar gjordes för att hitta optimala lösningar för kravspecifikationen.

    Resultat: Konceptutvecklingen av en armprotes utformades för additiv tillverkning med hjälp av en multi-jet-fusion-skrivare.

    Analys: Det här konceptet hade betydande förbättringar av parametrar: högre grad av anpassningsbarhet, 30 % minskad vikt, 48 % kostnadsreduktion, ett nytt produktionsflöde med 93,5 % automatisering och en 69 % minskning av manuella arbetstider.

    Slutsatser: Data från denna forskning indikerar att det finns starkt potential för att förbättra designtekniker och utgångar av underarmsproteser genom implementering av additiva tillverkningsprocesser. Detta kan visa sig vara fördelaktigt för att uppnå mer konkurrenskraftiga proteser och tillhörande tjänster.

  • 206.
    Gopalakrishnan, Maheshwaran
    et al.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Ind & Mat Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Skoogh, Anders
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Ind & Mat Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Salonen, Antti
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Asp, Martin
    Volvo Grp Truck Operat, Skövde, Sweden..
    Machine criticality assessment for productivity improvement Smart maintenance decision support2019Ingår i: International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, ISSN 1741-0401, E-ISSN 1758-6658, Vol. 68, nr 5, s. 858-878Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to increase productivity through smart maintenance planning by including productivity as one of the objectives of the maintenance organization. Therefore, the goals of the paper are to investigate existing machine criticality assessment and identify components of the criticality assessment tool to increase productivity. Design/methodology/approach An embedded multiple case study research design was adopted in this paper. Six different cases were chosen from six different production sites operated by three multi-national manufacturing companies. Data collection was carried out in the form of interviews, focus groups and archival records. More than one source of data was collected in each of the cases. The cases included different production layouts such as machining, assembly and foundry, which ensured data variety. Findings The main finding of the paper is a deeper understanding of how manufacturing companies assess machine criticality and plan maintenance activities. The empirical findings showed that there is a lack of trust regarding existing criticality assessment tools. As a result, necessary changes within the maintenance organizations in order to increase productivity were identified. These are technological advancements, i.e. a dynamic and data-driven approach and organizational changes, i.e. approaching with a systems perspective when performing maintenance prioritization. Originality/value Machine criticality assessment studies are rare, especially empirical research. The originality of this paper lies in the empirical research conducted on smart maintenance planning for productivity improvement. In addition, identifying the components for machine criticality assessment is equally important for research and industries to efficient planning of maintenance activities.

  • 207.
    Gopinath, V.
    et al.
    Linköping University.
    Ore, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Global Industrial Development, Scania CV AB, Södertälje.
    Grahn, S.
    Swerea IVF, Stockholm.
    Johansen, K.
    Linköping University.
    Safety-Focussed Design of Collaborative Assembly Station with Large Industrial Robots2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, s. 503-510Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The perceived benefits of large industrial robots for collaborative operations are characteristics such as long reach with heavy load carrying capability. Collaborative operations refers to situations where operators and robots share a workspace to complete tasks in close proximity. This mode of operation coupled with the physical characteristics of large robots represents high risks to injury and for these reasons, the safeguarding of the workspaces needs to be achieved in conjunction with the tasks to be performed within the workstation. This article will detail two workstations that was developed in a laboratory environment and are partial results of a research project titled ToMM2, whose aim was to understand safety issues associated with collaborative operations with large robots.

  • 208.
    Gopinath, V.
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Ore, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Johansen, K.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Safe Assembly Cell Layout through Risk Assessment - An Application with Hand Guided Industrial Robot2017Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, vol. 63, Elsevier B.V. , 2017, s. 430-435Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Risk assessment is a systematic and iterative process which involves risk analysis where the probable hazards are identified and corresponding risks are evaluated along with solutions to mitigate the effect of these risks. In this article the outcome of a risk assessment process will be detailed where a large industrial robot is being used as a intelligent and flexible lifting tool that can aid operators in assembly tasks. The realization of a collaborative assembly station has several benefits such as increased productivity and improved ergonomic work environment. The article will detail the design of the layout of a collaborative assembly cell which takes into account the safety and productivity concerns of automotive assembly plants. 

  • 209.
    Gottlieb, Laura
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploratory workshop using abstract collaging to reflect on university-society collaborations2018Ingår i: Participatory Innovation Conference 2018 PIN-C 2018, 2018, s. 303-309Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborating with society (businesses, industry and municipalities) is a common practice for many universities today. To support such collaborations, there is a need to share and evaluate these practices. This research explores the use of creative and visual methods from Participatory Design to support reflective practice in university-society collaborations. The paper describes an exploratory workshop consisting of an abstract collage-making exercise and a list of questions. The purpose of this workshop is to see how the visual exercise could support discussions about university- society collaborations and to develop future studies. The results from the workshop show that using abstract collages generated multiple interpretations and metaphors about the visualized collaborations. The collage-making exercise prompted discussions about the interrelationship between collaboration, innovation processes and knowledge creation. It also stimulated playful interactions between participants. Moreover, the workshop participants gave valuable feedback on how to develop materials and questions to discuss university- society collaborations.

  • 210.
    Gottlieb, Laura
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The knowledge triangle cards: Supporting university-society collaborations2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Games Based Learning, ECGBL 2017, Academic Conferences and Publishing International Limited , 2017, s. 807-813Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The Knowledge Triangle Cards (KT Cards) is an educational tool designed for a pilot course at Mälardalen University which aims to help students to contextualize studies to global and national societal needs and to collaborate more closely with society (business and municipalities). The aim is to have students become better at choosing assignments, projects and thesis topics that tie in closer to the labour market and societal needs. The KT Cards are based on a traditional deck of cards and the suits represent different aspects of the knowledge context: opportunity, process, outcome, and stakeholder. Additionally, a set of gamified and non-gamified exercises were designed to prompt reflection and discussion about how student projects incorporate these aspects. A pilot study was carried out in order to test and develop the educational tools and future studies. A total of 24 students and teachers participated and data was collected through observations and feedback from participants. The study indicates that the gamified activities could influence reflection and discussion by speeding up pace of the activity and affecting group dynamics. Two aspects were identified as potentially prompting gamification-shorter time frames and having multiple groups completing the activities. Further studies will look more closely at these aspects for designing gamification and how this affects discussion. The next design iteration will implement minor changes to the visual design of the cards and review how the prototype could provide students with know-how on university-society collaborations and a deeper understanding of the Knowledge Triangle concept.

  • 211.
    Gottlieb, Laura
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Students' comprehension of design collaborations with external organizations2019Ingår i: Proceedings of the 22nd International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED19), 2019, s. 579-588Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This pilot study examines how design students comprehend collaborations with external organizations— the roles and involvement of different actors in a design process. The study looks at two undergraduate courses where a total of 33 design students collaborate with a municipality and governmental agency. Data focuses on the students' terminology in regard to the external organizations and is collected through questionnaires, voice recording, workshops and written assignments. The data analysis is both quantitative and qualitative, focusing on the word frequency and semantics of the terminology. The results show that the students were not used to working closely to external organizations. This is reflected in the prevalent use of the term "client" instead of "collaborative partner". Not working closely with organizations nor users is reflected in the students’ inabilities to handle the complexities that emerge when working with multiple stakeholder and users. At the end of the paper, suggestions are made of ways to develop students’ comprehension of ways to involve external organizations and users in the design process.

  • 212.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF AB.
    Gopinath, V.
    Linköping Universty.
    Wang, X. V.
    KTH.
    Johansen, K.
    Linköping Universty.
    Exploring a Model for Production System Design to Utilize Large Robots in Human-Robot Collaborative Assembly Cells2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, s. 612-619Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been shown that large robots can be safely installed for human-robot collaborative assembly cells in experimental setups. It has also been found that these installations require demanding considerations of a significant number of layout and safety parameters. This indicates that successful commercial implementations will require a resource efficient model for production system design that anticipates utilization of large robots in collaborative settings. Experiences from experimental setups have been used to explore a basic model for such production system design, to stimulate a discussion regarding what model characteristics should be tested and validated in future research.

  • 213.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Defining 'benefit' when making production investments - an inquiry of current standards2014Ingår i: Swedish Production Symposium 2014 SPS 2014, Göteborg, Sweden, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Investments in production equipment are made to generate desired production benefit. This work examines how benefit generally is defined and to what extent the benefit is well defined when equipment investments are made. The study revealed that benefit from investments often is unclearly or inconsistently defined, with a narrow system view and often has a weak correlation with benefit for a production system with broader boundaries. This could hamper the possibility to capitalize on industrial trends that indicate a shift in focus, from products, to the benefit utilization of the products can deliver.

  • 214.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF AB, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Safety Assessment Strategy for Collaborative Robot Installations2017Ingår i: Robots Operating in Hazardous Environments / [ed] Hüseyin Canbolat, INTECH, 2017, s. 111-129Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial resource efficiency can be improved if the safety barrier between humans and robots is removed, as this enables operators and robots to work side by side or in direct collaboration to solve a task, usually referred to as a collaborative robot installation. Even though technology development makes the barrier removal ever more feasible from a safety perspective, this still produces a possible hazardous working environment, and safety assessment strategies are crucial. A wide area of knowledge is required to assess all fields that can help ensure safe human-machine interaction. Here the focus is primarily on providing a description of the key fields identified, including how operators psychologically accept working with robots, and providing a cursory description of the research front for each individual field. In addition to covering a large number of parameters, the assessment strategy also needs to be cost-effective. A significant part of all parameters that can be considered when attempting to produce optimized and cost-effective collaborative robot installations will also have a direct impact on operator safety. Hence, assessments for safety, and assessments for cost-effectiveness, cannot be separated, and are treated as two objectives that need to be viewed in sync

  • 215.
    Grahn, Sten
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF AB, Brinellvagen 68, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden.;Malardalen Univ, Drottninggatan 12, S-63220 Eskilstuna, Sweden..
    Langbeck, Bjorn
    Swerea IVF AB, Brinellvagen 68, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Johansen, Kerstin
    Linkoping Univ, S-58183 Linkoping, Sweden..
    Backman, Bjorn
    Swerea IVF AB, Brinellvagen 68, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Potential advantages using large anthropomorphic robots in human-robot collaborative, hand guided assembly2016Ingår i: 6TH CIRP CONFERENCE ON ASSEMBLY TECHNOLOGIES AND SYSTEMS (CATS), 2016, s. 281-286Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative robot installations often mean man-machine workspace sharing. This mode of operation can lead to reductions of tact time and work space requirements. We have analyzed potential further benefits of man machine collaboration, where operators and powerful robots share workspace, cooperating when lifting and handling large objects. We found that this mode of operation has the potential to generate economic advantages by reducing the need for manual operators and lifting tools and by offering new opportunities for component logistics. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 216.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Designing internal logistics systems fit for the future2013Ingår i: 20th EurOMA conference: Operations Management At the Heart of Recovery, Dublin, Ireland, 2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In a manufacturing context, it is vital to be able to adjust the internal logistics system to both current and future needs. Through a longitudinal case study, industrial needs and challenges associated with the process of developing and redesigning the internal logistics system have been analyzed to identify prerequisites for successful development. The findings show that the progress and success of the development process is strongly affected by the internal customer’s ability to specify needs and requirements. The conclusions include the need for a clear logistics vision and strategy to set the directives for the future design of the system.

  • 217.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Managing automation development projects: A comparison of industrial needs and existing theoretical suppor2013Ingår i: Advances in Sustainable and Competitive Manufacturing Systems: 23rd International Conference on Flexible Automation & Intelligent Manufacturing, Springer , 2013, s. 761-774Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The use of automation can increase competitiveness but does not guarantee advantageous results. The right choice of technology and correct implementation and use is the key to a successful outcome. This in turn puts great demands on how automation development projects are managed. The aim of this paper is to make a comparison between industrial needs and existing theoretical support associated with managing automation development projects. Through a multiple case study, challenges and success factors related to managing automation projects have been identified. The empirical findings are compared with automation development support found in literature. The results from the empirical study indicate the need for improved process models and clear strategy connected to automation development. The importance of an overall view and planning during automation projects is highlighted as a success factor while difficulties in collaborating with third parties is identified as existing challenges. It is concluded that the support in literature deals with many of the identified challenges and success factors and offers some support for specific parts of the automation development project. There is however still need for an overall framework connecting existing theoretical support, and suggesting how strategy can be connected to the process of developing automation.

  • 218.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Magnus, Wiktorsson
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Friedler, Niklas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Grahn, Sten
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Lean Automationsutveckling - Handbok2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Trender mot mer automatiserad produktion och allt snabbare förändringstakt av produktionssystem ställer krav på snabba, effektiva och verksamhetsanpassade utvecklingsprocesser av automationslösningar. Denna handbok beskriver centrala delar i en automationsstrategi, som stöd för utveckling av automationslösningar till produktionssystem. Den är relevant för alla typer av tillverkande verksamheter och leverantörer som vill effektivisera anskaffandet och införandet av ny automationsteknik. Handboken beskriver en automationsstrategi uppdelad i fyra huvudområden: Del 1 – Ekonomi Del 2 – Organisation Del 3 – Process Del 4 – Teknik Stort fokus ligger på att engagera olika kompetenser och aktörer, liksom att betrakta automationsstrategin som en del av en helhet tillsammans med övriga delar i och utanför verksamheten. Automationsstrategin lyfter vilka faktorer inom de olika huvudområdena som påverkar vid utveckling av automationslösningar. Den gör det möjligt att analysera vilken affärsmodell som passar verksamhetens förutsättningar bäst och vilka organisatoriska strukturer som är viktiga för verksamhetens automationskompetens. Den innehåller också en stegmall för effektiv anskaffning av automationsutrustning och tre viktiga kategorier av teknik som kan stötta utvecklingsprocessen. Handboken har tagits fram i projektet lean automationsutveckling, eller LEAD, som har finansierats av Vinnovas program FFI Hållbar produktion under 2013-2015. Grundidén var att underlätta både planering, utveckling och anskaffning av automationslösningar genom att förse de utvecklingsprocesser som idag är etablerade med verktyg från lean produktutveckling. På så vis säkerställs att verksamheter kan dra nytta av ny automationsteknik med så effektivt utnyttjande av resurser, hög hållbarhet och hög lönsamhet som möjligt.

  • 219.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rosio, Carin
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Ind Engn & Management, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Lead factory operationalisation and challenges2019Ingår i: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 30, nr 2-3, s. 96-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deepens the understanding of the lead factory concept by examining how the lead factory role is operationalised and what challenges are associated with it. The research is based on an explorative case study of eight Swedish lead factories in the manufacturing industry. The empirical findings suggest that the understanding of the lead factory concept should be extended as it is not restricted to one type of set-up. The findings show a spectrum ranging from an entire manufacturing plant, parts of a plant, to a virtual plant considered to be the lead factory. The research also shows a broad range of challenges experienced by lead factories. Several of these are related to and originate from unclear role, responsibility and mandate of the lead factory. The lack of dedicated resources for lead factory activities, specifically long-term development and difficulties in measuring the benefits of the role, were other challenges faced.

  • 220.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Automation in internal logistics: strategic and operational challenges2014Ingår i: International Journal of Logistics Systems and Management, ISSN 1742-7967, E-ISSN 1742-7975, Vol. 18, nr 4, s. 538-558Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Automation in internal logistics is an enabler to increase overall competitiveness in an organisation. However, its use is currently limited. The main objective of this paper is to highlight the existing strategic and operational challenges to using and developing automation in internal logistics. A three-phased empirical study has been conducted, including case studies and a survey. The findings reveal a lack of responsibility for, and insight in current state of logistics operations as well as a lack of vision and strategy giving directions for desired future state of operations. In addition, the actual automation projects are hindered by poorly defined and supported processes. It is concluded that functional strategies for internal logistics and automation can give the support needed along with process models for automation projects. The content and application of these strategies and models are suggested. 

  • 221.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Automation in Healthcare Internal Logistics: A Case Study on Practice and Potential2013Ingår i: International Journal of Innovation and Technology Management (IJITM), ISSN 0219-8770, Vol. 10, nr 2Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The current demographic development puts even greater demands on the healthcare sector which already struggle with scarce resources and constant pressure of cost reductions. This paper aims at through a multiple case study describe how automation of hospital internal logistics can be a tool in improving the efficiency. The results include several potential implementations for patient transports, waste handling and small goods transports. However, organizational issues as lack of ownership and a strategic view render difficulties and needs to be dealt with. The authors conclude that transfer of knowledge and technology used in manufacturing industry would be beneficial. 

  • 222.
    Gremyr, I.
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg,.
    Witell, L.
    Karlstad University.
    Löfberg, N.
    Karlstad University.
    Edvardsson, B.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Understanding new service development and service innovation through innovation modes2014Ingår i: The journal of business & industrial marketing, ISSN 0885-8624, E-ISSN 2052-1189, Vol. 29, nr 2, s. 123-131Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of innovation modes in understanding challenges of integrated NSD and NPD, and the use of structured NSD processes in manufacturing firms. Design/methodology/approach: The research is based on a two-stage multiple case study. The first stage is an interview study of 17 key informants representing manufacturing firms in the machine industry. The second stage is an in-depth study of three service innovations at three manufacturing firms based on 16 interviews with key informants. Findings: The results of the study show that NSD processes are often more structured if the service is developed separately from the product. The fact that different innovation modes benefit from varying degrees of structure in the development process means that integrated service development can be challenging. Furthermore, service innovations often follow a trajectory of innovation modes before succeeding in the market. Some innovation modes occur within the NSD process, while others occur outside the process. One success factor for NSD is the fit between the innovation modes and the NSD process, rather than the NSD process per se. Originality/value: This research uses innovation modes to explain why NSD in manufacturing firms is often performed on an ad hoc basis, and how service innovations go through a trajectory of innovation modes. In this way, the study contributes to theory development of service innovation, and specifically service innovations in manufacturing firms. 

  • 223.
    Gustafsson, Christopher
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Lead-time reduction and rapid prototyping of tools and fixtures, therefore I AM: A case study about additive manufacturing in the automotive industry2019Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate how to decrease lead-times of conventionally manufactured prototypes of tools and fixtures. Which could lead to increased knowledge of how an operations site within the automotive industry could utilize additive manufacturing when producing company specific prototypes of tools and fixtures.  The research approach applied in this case study combines a literature review to systematically find relevant literature aligned with the research topic of additive manufacturing or 3D printing related to lead-time reduction and generative design terms. With the help of interviews and observations profound knowledge was gained as preparation before continuing the research. Thereafter, a pre-study was conducted in order to further enhance the understanding of the industrial context of the two chosen fixtures (study objects). Rapid prototyping activities with additive manufacturing processes and technologies of experimentation character was conducted iteratively with both 3D CAD and 3D printing software and hardware. Analysis of the data was conducted through a comparison between lead-times of conventionally manufactured and 3D printed prototypes of the two chosen fixtures. Moreover, identifying potential effects with additive manufacturing of prototypes have with a SWOT analysis.  The case study found that additive manufacturing could significantly decrease lead-times when producing prototypes compared to conventional manufacturing. Furthermore, the results showed that the effects of additive manufacturing are plenty and rather complex due to the fact of this new way to manufacture prototypes. Therefore, the term design for additive manufacturing need first class priority if next steps were to be taken in the additive manufacturing field to enhance industrial and academic benefits.  The research on this subject is strongly constrained by the scarcity of empirical experience and, consequently, by the scarcity of available empirical data. Research publication on the topic are fruitful and plenty but their findings specified to their chosen study objects. This case study gives an up-to-date contribution to the topic of additive manufacturing with endless possibilities to reduce lead-time with rapid prototyping activities that utilizes additive manufacturing. Moreover, the research approach used in this thesis combines 3D CAD data through theoretical concepts and physical objects with additive manufacturing practice. Overall, the results can be used to improve academic research in the topic and promote discussion among different actors entering or within the additive manufacturing field.

  • 224.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Towards radical improvement in production systems2013Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As the speed of change is increasing, it’s of great importance that manufacturing companies strive to achieve not only incremental improvements, but also radical improvements within their production systems. Thus, more research has to be focused on how to realize radical improvement. In accordance, the objective of the licentiate thesis is to, through theoretical and empirical work, increase the understanding about radical improvement in production and identify what elements need to be considered when designing support on how to implement radical improvement in industrial production. Throughout the research process these issues has been addressed through theoretical and empirical studies. Three studies have been conducted in total, of which two are mainly of theoretical character and one of empirical character. Besides, a state-of-the-art theoretical review has been carried out as well, further framing the findings.

    The research results imply that radical improvement in production is a teamwork process that embraces the facilitation of creativity and innovation. The research further implies that there are a number of issues to consider when creating industry-applicable support on how to realize radical improvement in industrial production. For instance, what level of innovation is striven for must be decided, creativity must be facilitated throughout, the opposing cultures of incremental and radical innovation must be managed, and there is a need to apply a holistic perspective, thus embracing not only productivity results but organizational learning as well.

    As further work, creating industry-applicable support on how to realize radical improvement in industrial production is advocated, focusing not only on meeting the issues addressed above, but also how to make the support industry-applicable.

  • 225.
    Gåsvaer, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Swerea IVF, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Stålberg, Lina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Exploration and Exploitation within Operations2015Ingår i: International Journal of Social, Behavioral, Educational, Economic, Business and Industrial Engineering, E-ISSN 1307-6892, Vol. 9, nr 8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploration and exploitation capabilities are both important within Operations as means for improvement when managed separately, and for establishing dynamic improvement capabilities when combined in balance. However, it is unclear what exploration and exploitation capabilities imply in improvement and development work within an Operations context. So, in order to better understand how to develop exploration and exploitation capabilities within Operations, the main characteristics of these constructs needs to be identified and further understood. Thus, the objective of this research is to increase the understanding about exploitation and exploration characteristics, to concretize what they translates to within the context of improvement and development work in an Operations unit, and to identify practical challenges. A literature review and a case study are presented. In the literature review, different interpretations of exploration and exploitation are portrayed, key characteristics have been identified, and a deepened understanding of exploration and exploitation characteristics is described. The case in the study is an Operations unit, and the aim is to explore to what extent and in what ways exploration and exploitation activities are part of the improvement structures and processes. The contribution includes an identification of key characteristics of exploitation and exploration, as well as an interpretation of the constructs. Further, some practical challenges are identified. For instance, exploration activities tend to be given low priority, both in daily work as in the manufacturing strategy. Also, the overall understanding about the concepts of exploitation and exploration (or any similar aspect of dynamic improvement capabilities) is very low.

  • 226.
    Hafting, Tore
    et al.
    Högskolan i Hedmark, Norge.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Developing collaborative power in working life: linking American pragmatism and action research2013Ingår i: American Pragmatism and Organisation: Issues and Controversies / [ed] Kelemen, M. & Rumens, N, Gower Publishing Ltd., 2013, s. 205-222Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 227.
    Hanson, Lars
    et al.
    Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Ore, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Scania CV AB, Södertälje, Sweden.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Virtual Verification of Human-Industrial robot Collaboration in Truck Tyre Assembly2015Ingår i: Proceedings 19th Triennial Congress of the IEA, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Human-industrial robot collaboration has been introduced as the ultimate combination for industry. The endurance and strength of a robot is combined with a human’s flexibility, precision and quality skills. One challenge in the implementation of human-industrial robot collaboration is to create a safe working station for the operators, therefore most of the research focuses on these safety aspects. Industrial designers and engineers verify and optimise workstations in different simulation and visualisation tools in order to improve competitiveness, reduce late changes and reduce cost. Several robot tools and digital human modelling tools are available, but there are no or few simulation and visualisation tools that include both humans and robots. The aim of the proposed paper is to illustrate how unique software can be used to verify human-industrial robot collaboration. This software is a combination of the robot simulation tool IPS and the digital human modelling tool IMMA. The software demonstration is promising, covering the gap between digital human modelling tools and robot simulation tools. The simulation and visualisation tools generate pictures and animations, as well as quantified numbers to aid well-founded decision-making. The demonstration software was used to analyse a truck tyre assembly station. Fully manual, fully automated and human-industrial robot collaboration were compared.

    Practitioner Summary: The presented paper illustrates simulation and visualisation software for the virtual verification of Human - Industrial Robot collaboration. The software demonstration is a combination of the robot simulation tool IPS and the digital human modelling tool IMMA. The software demonstration is promising, covering the gap between digital human modelling tools and robot simulation tools.

    Keywords: ergonomics, digital human modelling, robot simulation, simulation and visualisation

  • 228.
    Hazy, James K
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Essential reins for guiding complex organizations2014Ingår i: Millennial Spring:  Designing the Future of Organizations / [ed] M. Grace and G. B. Graen, Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing, 2014Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 229.
    Hazy, James K.
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Adelphi University, New York, NY, United States .
    Boyatzis, R. E.
    Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States .
    Emotional contagion and proto-organizing in human interaction dynamics2015Ingår i: Frontiers in Psychology, ISSN 1664-1078, E-ISSN 1664-1078, Vol. 6, nr JUN, artikel-id 806Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper combines the complexity notions of phase transitions and tipping points with recent advances in cognitive neuroscience to propose a general theory of human proto-organizing. It takes as a premise that a necessary prerequisite for organizing, or "proto-organizing," occurs through emotional contagion in subpopulations of human interaction dynamics in complex ecosystems. Emotional contagion is posited to engender emotional understanding and identification with others, a social process that acts as a mechanism that enables (or precludes) cooperative responses to opportunities and risks. Propositions are offered and further research is suggested. 

  • 230.
    Hazy, James K.
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Uhl-Bien, M.
    University of Nebraska, United States .
    Towards operationalizing complexity leadership: How generative, administrative and community-building leadership practices enact organizational outcomes2015Ingår i: Leadership, ISSN 1742-7150, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 79-104Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Over five years ago, The Leadership Quarterly published a special issue on complexity to advance a new way of thinking about leadership. In shifting attention away from the individual to the organizing process itself, complexity added an important focus on process and context to leadership and management research. Yet, the complexity approach creates challenges for researchers who must combine or replace individual level constructs—like those built through surveys or factor analysis—with richer theories that investigate networked meso dynamics, multilevel phenomena, emergent processes, and organizational outcomes. To address this challenge, the present analysis draws on theoretical and empirical work over the last several years to identify five specific areas where complexity inspired research has led to new insights about the mechanisms that enable the organization to perform and adapt. It suggests propositions that describe how leadership and management, defined holistically, might activate complexity mechanisms to perform five essential organizing functions.

  • 231.
    Holia, Denha
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Coppola, Camila
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Open Innovation @ Skatteverket: Studie om kreativa möten i en reglerad myndighet2015Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 232.
    Holmgren, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Entrepreneurship education in policy and practice2013Ingår i: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 5, nr 1, s. 9-27Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article pays interest to the intersection between policy and practice when implementing entrepreneurship in the educational system. Taking a point of departure in Mahieu’s (2006) call for knowledge of the interplay between different policy levels and Backström-Widjeskog’s (2010) conclusion about tensions occurring when teachers are introduced to the concept, the intention is to develop knowledge about conflicts and tensions at the intersection between policy and practice. From analysing policy documents and narratives from entrepreneurship education implementation projects during a time when entrepreneurship education started to be promoted in Sweden three figures of thought are found (economic/humanistic, biological/social, and individual/collective) which are proposed to be involved in creating tensions and conflicts in the intersection between policy and practice. Theoretically, these figures of thought can be seen as a contribution to understanding processes in which the concept of entrepreneurship education has deliberately been moved, by way of policy, to the educational practice. Reflecting on these thought figures may enhance teachers’ translation processes when starting to work with entrepreneurship education in practice.

  • 233.
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The enormous significance of new and expanding Bas2011Ingår i: On the Horizon, ISSN 1074-8121, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 134-139Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – This article aims to focus on a perspective on knowledge that carries with it a most urgentchallenge for educational actors to engage in personal knowledge processes wherever they take place.

    Design/methodology/approach – The purpose is met through the use of philosophical argumentationand theoretical ideas developed for understanding knowledge creation. Central concepts are Ba and‘‘knowledge activists’’, but also personal insights in relation to technical knowledge.

    Findings – The author argues that educational actors who do not want to be marginalised must stepforward as knowledge activists, gaining access to and influencing all sorts of interpretative places (Bas),whether they are physical, virtual or mental, where information is interpreted to become knowledge.

    Practical implications – Educational actors who want to continue playing an important societal rolehad better leave behind the idea of knowledge as something to be handled mainly in physical places.Instead they have to search for a position in the world of virtual spaces that is forming today.

    Social implications – With the introduction of the internet and the emergence of a ‘‘cloud’’, civil societyis in desperate need of educational actors who can interlink the disparate Bas now forming, thusgenerating common ideas that can keep us together as a society and defend basic democratic ideals.

    Originality/value – Through the use of a few well-established theoretical concepts the article showsthat there is a desperate need for rethinking education from being something limited in time and place tosomething that is ever present in knowledge processes of all kinds.

  • 234.
    Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Axelsson, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Tensions that Enable or Constrain Strategy Making: The work of digitalizing a public-sector agency2018Ingår i: The relationship between the theory and practice of strategic management in the public sector.: theme 4, 2018Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There has been a request for more studies on how public sector organizations apply Strategic Management (SM) in practice. This paper is our attempt to meet this request by presenting a qualitative case study of how a digitalization strategy was used to apply SM in the Swedish Transport Administration, a central government agency in Sweden. The empirical data contains 67 interviews at different hierarchical levels, focus group interviews and document studies. Eight of the interviews specifically targeted the work on the digitalization strategy. To analyse the empirical data, we aligned with the strategizing perspective focusing on possible tensions in strategy work. Thus, the aim of the paper is to further develop our knowledge of strategy work in the public sector by enhancing our understanding of what tensions strategy work brings about in the public sector and how these tensions potentially affect strategy making. By analysing strategizing micro processes, our results indicate that when working on digitalization, public sector organizations need to be aware of at least four possible tensions that can enable or constrain strategy making. These tensions are: legitimacy vs. practicality, administrative management vs. innovative approaches, accessibility vs. security and planned vs. emergent strategies.

  • 235.
    Insulander, Eva
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Säfström, Carl Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Recognition and assessment of entrepreneurship skills within educational, industrial and cultural sector – Outlines for a comparative case study2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurship and innovation has gained an increased focus in Sweden, as well as in the rest of the European Union, during the last decades. Entrepreneurship is listed as one of eight key competences for lifelong learning (EU-Parliament, 2006) and in 2012 the Swedish government released “the Swedish Innovation Strategy” as a key strategy for Sweden to remain a strong economy (Government Offices of Sweden, 2012). An important part of this strategy entrepreneurial learning and entrepreneurship have been included in the Swedish national school curriculum (Skolverket, 2011), making it mandatory for all Swedish elementary and secondary schools to prepare the young for their future as an entrepreneurial work force. The language of entrepreneurial learning is adopted from the industrial sector where skills such as, for example creativity are emphasized, in order to make it possible to bring new ideas and products out on expanding and globalized markets. Entrepreneurship has also been introduced to the cultural sector in Sweden, through a governmental initiative in 2009. The term has emphasized the need of museums to become economically self-sufficient without loosing their traditional role. Cultural entrepreneurship is, just as theoretical ideas about learning, nowadays central to many museums. The current development give rise to questions of how meaning is attributed to entrepreneurship, as it is introduced in new and dispersed institutional contexts.

    The aim of this paper is to present and discuss a forthcoming comparative case study on how entrepreneurship is enacted in three different sectors; educational, industrial and cultural sectors. The study investigates how knowledge and competence associated with entrepreneurship is recognized by the participants and how this approach contributes to the design of learning environments. By doing cross-sectorial comparisons the objective of the study is to provide perspectives on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial learning in school.

    The following sets of research questions have been established to meet the objectives of the study:

    How do the representatives from different sectors define entrepreneurship? How is it defined in local policy documents?

    How do different sectors design for entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial learning?

    What is recognized as entrepreneurial knowledge and skills?

    How does, what is recognized as entrepreneurship in the school context, change the very understanding of education?

    Institution-theory is used as a theoretical perspective to examine how entrepreneurship is being recognized and evaluated in different learning settings. What counts as meaningful and what is recognized as valuable knowledge is always dependent on the social framing.  Institutions, such as schools, workplaces and museums, are guided by rules, routines and conventions which regulate the agency of the participants. The institutional frame implies that certain actions and ways of regarding knowledge become normative. The notion of institution entails the idea that individuals are part of a collective set of regulations that has been shaped over time (Douglas, 1986, Berger & Luckman 1966/1991, Searl 1995). What has been selected and considered relevant and valuable knowledge in a certain context, is depending on the cultures of recognition that has been established (Selander & Kress, 2010).

     

    The project is designed as a comparative case study with an ethnographic oriented approach. A total of three cases are selected, one from each sector. Data will be derived from document studies, observations and interviews with participants from the different contexts, and used as a basis for comparison. There will be a strategic selection of participating contexts, in the sense that our aim is to study settings that are considered to be in the fore front when it comes to realizing a vision of entrepreneurship. Part A, Educational, will be conducted in a compulsory school, Part B, Industrial, will be conducted in an organization with proven experience of developing entrepreneurial skills. Part C, Cultural, will be conducted in a museum that has a clear focus on entrepreneurship and is driven primarily by commercial objectives.

    A review of earlier research has shown that the notion of entrepreneurship, as used in education, appear to be insufficiently theorized. The study will contribute to didactic research by examining how meaning is attributed to a specific knowledge area (entrepreneurship) and how different assessment practices are shaped and articulated in different settings. Earlier research has primarily been conducted within each sector while this study takes a wider, institutional perspective. An expected outcome of the project is that it will provide a critical perspective on entrepreneurial learning as a concept. We will in addition to this also be able to discuss what impact entrepreneurial ideas have for the very understanding of what education in schools is.

  • 236.
    Jansson, Christoffer
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Press-sekvens för lagerringar2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is the result of a thesis work in mechanichal engineering performed at Volvo GroupTrucks Operations, Powertrain productions in Köping by the student Christoffer Jansson. Thework of 15 ECTS credits is conducted over a 20 week period at half speed equivalent to 400working hours.The background to the work is the desire to improve a workstation where the transmissions tothe IPS2/3 and IPS15 are assembled. The problem on the workstation is that the workers areperforming non value-added activities (NVAA) and it is of interest that one would examine thepossibility of how to squeeze two bearing rings in the same sequence. The aim is thus todevelop a suggestion of improvement for the bearing pressing method on the assembly line.The issue the thesis work is based on is: How does one manage to press together two bearingrings in the same sequence into a particular component? & How can one improve theergonomic circumstances on the workstation?To be able to perform this work, a case study based on the product development processaccording to Ulrich and Eppinger (2012) has been made. Product development tools are used tofacilitate the work of the student. Including Gantt chart, Pugh's analysis and functional analysis.The result of the work is a modification of the existing working table where the bearing ringsare pressed into the middle gear housing. The solution consists of a steel plate that rests on fivesprings which dampen the weight of the middle gear housing. The middle gear housing is thecomponent in which the bearing rings are pressed in. There are 5 guiding rods that are mountedon the steel plate, one for each spring, which has the function to keep the steel plate stablewhen the middle gear housing is set on top. These guiding rods are in turn controlled bybushings which serve to reduce friction. The bushings are standard components that aremounted into a component called the bushing holder, which is a component that is screwed intothe table.The new working process the solution provides eliminates the previous NVAA that has been onthe station before and allows the worker to press two bearing rings into the middle gearinghouse in the same sequence. The ergonomic circumstances have also been improved due to theelimination of the worker having to rotate the heavy middle gearing house 180 degrees. Thesolution thus meets the demands made in the report and solves the problems identified.

  • 237.
    Javadi, Siavash
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Towards tailoring the product introduction process for low-volume manufacturing industries2015Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    As the closing phase of product development projects, the product introduction process significantly influences the time to market and product quality. The rapid launching of new products to market aids manufacturing companies in avoiding crucial consequences, such as a loss of market share and revenue and the early obsolescence of products in a globalized market. Therefore, the characteristics and influential factors of the product introduction process must be identified to facilitate the management of new product development projects and to maintain competitiveness for manufacturing companies.

    The management and support of product introduction processes in low-volume manufacturing industries require solutions that are tailored to the characteristics and requirements of these industries. However, studies on the characteristics of low-volume manufacturing industries and their influence on the product introduction process are limited. Therefore, the objective of the research presented in this thesis is to develop knowledge about product introduction process and its facilitators in low-volume manufacturing industries by focusing on characteristics of products and production systems in these industries. To fulfil this objective, the characteristics of low-volume manufacturing industries and their influence on the product introduction process were investigated via literature reviews and a multiple-case study. In addition, the facilitators of the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries were examined. A case study was performed, comprising two longitudinal real-time cases and two retrospective cases, all within one Swedish company.

    The characteristics of low-volume products and production systems are studied in this research. The identified influences of these characteristics on the product introduction process include few engineering prototypes, limited and uncertain numbers of pre-series productions and the infeasibility of conventional production ramp-up. Other identified influences include the modification of existing products instead of the development of entirely new products, the use of existing production systems with slight modifications for new products, a high frequency of introducing new products, and an extensive focus on the functionality of products instead of their manufacturability.

    Finally, the utilization of knowledge and experiences from the development and production of prior similar products was identified as a potential facilitator of the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries. A process was suggested to support the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries in gathering, sharing and using knowledge and experiences from the production of prior similar products. This process can compensate for the lack of opportunities to test and refine products and production systems during the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries. 

  • 238.
    Javadi, Siavash
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bejlegaard, M.
    Aalborg Universitet, Aalborg, Denmark .
    Andersen, A. -L
    Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The introduction process of low-volume products: Challenges and potentials of information management2016Ingår i: IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, Springer New York LLC , 2016, s. 325-332Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The product introduction process plays an important role in development of new products and launching them to the market on-time with a high quality. The product introduction process has been studied primarily in highvolume manufacturing industries and therefore, the influences of the characteristics of low-volume manufacturing industries on the product introduction process has not been investigated. The aim of this paper is to study challenges and potentials of information management during the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries by a multiple-case study in two Scandinavian low-volume manufacturing companies. The paper contributes in covering the knowledge gap about the information management during the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries.

  • 239.
    Javadi, Siavash
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Start of Production in Low-Volume Manufacturing Industries: Disturbances and Solutions2015Ingår i: Advances in Production Management Systems: Innovative Production Management Towards Sustainable Growth, 2015, Vol. 459, s. 475-483Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Reducing disturbances during start of production of new products is of high importance to assure that products reach the market on-time with the intended quality and volume. Therefore, identification and elimination of sources of such disturbances is necessary. Since the literature about such disturbances in low-volume manufacturing industries are limited, this paper is aimed to identify the common sources of such disturbances and the possible solutions to mitigate them in low-volume manufacturing industries. A multiple-case study has been conducted to achieve this aim. The results show that main sources of disturbances are lack of opportunities to test and refine products, considering the production system “as is” and putting extensive focus on product functionality rather than its manufacturability. Moreover, using the knowledge and experiences from production of previous similar products is identified as a source of learning and compensation for lack of opportunities for test and refinement.

  • 240.
    Javadi, Siavash
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Characteristics of product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries: A case study2016Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, ISSN 1741038X, Vol. 27, nr 4, s. 535-559Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to understand how the characteristics of low-volume manufacturing industries influence the product introduction process and factors which can facilitate that process in low-volume manufacturing industries.

    Design/methodology/approach: A literature review in combination with a multiple-case study were used to achieve the purpose of the paper. The multiple-case study was based on two product development projects in a low-volume manufacturing company.

    Findings: The main identified characteristics of the product introduction process in low-volume manufacturing industries were a low number of prototypes, absence of conventional production ramp-up, reduced complexity of the process, failure to consider the manufacturability of the products due to an extensive focus on their functionality, and increased complexity of resource allocation. It was determined that knowledge and experiences from prior production of similar products could serve as a facilitator of the manufacturing process.

    Research limitations/implications: The main limitation of this study is that the identified characteristics and facilitating factors are confined to the internal variables of the studied company. A study of the role of external variables during the product introduction process such as suppliers and customers could be the subject of future studies.

    Practical implications: This research will provide practitioners in low-volume manufacturing industries with general insight about the characteristics of the product introduction process and the aspects that should be considered during the process.

  • 241.
    Javadi, Siavash
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Product development in low-volume manufacturing industries: Characteristics and influencing factors2015Ingår i: DS 80-4 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15) VOL 4: DESIGN FOR X, DESIGN TO X, 2015, s. 145-154Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Product development process has a considerable effect on factors such as time to market and quality of product which are vital for manufacturing companies to remain competitive. Therefore, study of the factors which influence the product development process such as characteristics of products and production systems is necessary to support and improve the product development process. Since most of the studies have been conducted in the context of high-volume manufacturing industries, the influences of characteristics of low-volume products and production systems on the product development process in such industries have not been considered sufficiently. In this paper, characteristics of low-volume products and production systems, their inter-relations and their influences on the product development process have been studied through a multiple case study. A general map of characteristics of low-volume products and production systems and their inter-relations was presented in this paper. Moreover, the influences of these characteristics on product development process including the reduced complexity of the process and lack of opportunities for test and refinement were discussed.

  • 242.
    Jederström, Kathrina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Andersson, Sebastian
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Process Innovation Challenges: - how to reduce Uncertainty through Discrete Event Simulation2017Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I den nuvarande konkurrenskraftiga marknaden har ett företag många utmaningar ifall de vill lyckas. Det räcker nämligen inte längre med att ha bra produkter utan de måste också förbättras på andra sätt. Ett sätt att uppnå detta på, är att genomföra förändringar i den nuvarande produktionen, en metod för detta är introducera en processinnovation på företaget. Under detta arbete har fördelarna relaterade till processinnovation upptäckts i befintlig litteratur, till exempel genom att ökad konkurrentskraftighet, produktivitet och synlighet för fabriken. Dessvärre framkallar implementeringen av en processinnovation osäkerheter.

    Diskret händelse simulering (DES) modeller har i tidigare forskning föreslagits som ett verktyg för at minska osäkerheter i tillverkningsföretag, medan de planerar att genomgår en förändring. Forskning om hur simulering hanterar fabriker som genomgår en processinnovation har i hög grad ignorerats. De här studien har för avsikt att undersöka just det området där nuvarande forskning brister, nämligen om ifall DES modeller kan minska osäkerheter i processinnovationer. Tre forskningsfrågor har tagits fram för att styra arbetet:

    1. Vilka kännetecken har introduktionen av processinnovation i en produktionsprocess kontext?

    2. Hur påverkas produktionsprocess hos tillverkande företag av de osäkerheter som processinnovation medför?

    3. Hur kan DES användas för att bidra till minskandet av osäkerheter i tillverkande företag som introducerar processinnovation?

    För att besvara dessa frågor genomfördes an litteraturstudie och en fallstudie som innehöll simulering. Fallstudien som utfördes på ett tillverkningsföretag som är i planeringsstadiet för att införa en processinnovation. Innovationen har för avsikt att göra produktionen mer miljövänlig och samtidigt skapa en fördel över konkurrenterna. Nuvarande planering är fylld av osäkerheter eftersom tillägget av någonting nytt alltid gör det. Därför är reduceringen av osäkerheter avgörande för att en implementering ska kunna genomföras

    Genom att identifiera forskning inom området, och jämföra den med resultat från företagsrelaterade intervjuer och workshops, identifierade kännetecken på processinnovation och hur processinnovation skapar osäkerheter. Genom att använda DES i examensarbetet, minskades antalet osäkerheter, till fullo och delvis, och nya osäkerheter identifierades. Dessutom visar resultat på studien att simulering kan användas som ett visualiseringsverktyg för att skapa en diskussionsplattform angående framtida förändringar i produktionen.

  • 243.
    Johanson, Ulf
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Following the adoption of Japanese IC-guidelines during 10 years2015Ingår i: The Japan Intellectual Capital Management JournalArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 244.
    Johanson, Ulf
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Fischer, Thomas
    Nuremberg and Erlangen University.
    Intellectual capital disclosures and investrors' perceptions of a company's reputation - an international perspective2012Ingår i: Wissenbilanzen im Mittelstand / [ed] Fischer, T. und Wulf, I., Stuttgart: Schäffer-Poeschel Verlag , 2012, s. 125-142Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper attempts to extend the understanding of the interaction between firms and investors with respect to the role of intellectual capital disclosure. Due to the quickly intensifying interest of firms and policy-makers in intellectual capital disclosure (as regards, for example, intellectual capital statements, social responsibility reporting, and integrated reporting), there is an urgent need to study the role of intellectual capital disclosure in building and maintaining corporate reputation. Using two empirical investigations with a focus on human capital as core element of intellectual capital—a German experiment and a Swedish focus group study—as points of departure, this paper argues that there is a need for complementary investigations of contextual, social character, and other approaches in studies of the interface between accounting and finance. The paper begins with a very brief overview of prior research on human capital disclosure. Sections 2 and 3 discuss the German and Swedish studies, followed by an analysis in section 4, where the concept of ‘reputation’ is introduced. In the concluding section 5, suggestions for further exploration are made.

  • 245.
    Johansson, B.
    et al.
    ept Ind & Mat Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Bärring, M.
    Chalmers Univ Technol, Dept Ind & Mat Sci, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Flores-García, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wahlström, M.
    RUAG Space AB, Microwave Prod Unit, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Challenges of data acquisition for simulation models of production systems in need of standards2019Ingår i: Proceedings - Winter Simulation Conference, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc. , 2019, s. 691-702Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we analyze the challenges in data acquisition for simulation models of production systems based on two cases from the robotics and aerospace industries. Unlike prior research, we focus not only on the challenges of data acquisition but also on how these challenges affect decisions in production systems. We examine this linkage using the concepts of strategic objectives, decision areas, and internal fit from operations management literature. Empirical findings show that for data acquisition to lead to improved production system performance it is necessary to develop standards. Standards should consider ownership of data by different functions within a manufacturing company, alignment of data to performance measurements, and the connection between data, information, and production decisions. Using these concepts, this paper proposes a set of guidelines that facilitate the standardization of data acquisition for simulation models in production systems. We conclude by discussing the managerial implications of our findings. 

  • 246.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Jonkoping Univ, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Malardalen Univ, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Safsten, Kristina
    Jonkoping Univ, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Adolfsson, Ann-Cathrine
    Jonkoping Univ, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    IMPLEMENTATION OF R&D MANAGEMENT MODELS IN GLOBAL ORGANISATIONS2015Ingår i: DS 80-3 PROCEEDINGS OF THE 20TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON ENGINEERING DESIGN (ICED 15) VOL 3: ORGANISATION AND MANAGEMENT, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses implementation of R&D management models in global product development organisations. The study rests upon empirical material originating from five industrial companies that was collected via workshops and interviews. A number of enablers for and barriers to implementation of R&D management models have been identified. The study adds to the current theory on how companies with global organisations can ensure that the R&D management model is implemented throughout the entire organisation. In addition, the practical value refers to that the identified enablers and barriers support companies in their strive towards better adherence to the R&D management models in product development projects.

  • 247.
    Johansson, Glenn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Sundin, Erik
    Linköping university, Sweden.
    Lean and green product development: two sides of the same coin?2014Ingår i: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 85, s. 104-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper compares and contrasts the lean product development (LPD) and green product development (GPD) concepts through a systematic literature review including 102 journal publications. The review resulted in 14 findings that were organised according to four dimensions: general, process, people and tools/techniques. A number of similarities between the concepts were found. For example, implementation of both concepts calls for a systems perspective where the dimensions of process-people- tools/techniques are linked holistically. Differences between the LPD and GPD concepts lie in: their goal and focus, value construct, process structure, performance metrics, and tools/techniques used. The findings do not unambiguously support that "green thinking is thinking lean" and consequently it cannot be argued that LPD and GPD are two sides of the same coin, meaning that LPD automatically leads to greener products or that GPD ensures improvements and efficiency in the product development process. However, it is reasonable to conclude that LPD and GPD belong to the same "currency". That is, the concepts share a number of similarities that indicate a synergistic relationship. This synergistic relationship has been accentuated by a nine propositions where the potential for cross-field learning is shown.

  • 248.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Embedding innovation-oriented work practices in lean production systems2014Ingår i: ISPIM Americas Innovation Forum ISPIM, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 249.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Kompetens och förutsättningar för praktikbaserad innovation – från självreglerat till expertstött förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete2017Ingår i: Pedagogisk forskning i Sverige, ISSN 1401-6788, E-ISSN 2001-3345, Vol. 22, nr 1-2, s. 124-144Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete drivs inom tillverkande industri i många fall med en ambition att involvera medarbetare på alla nivåer i en organisation. I artikeln adresseras hur förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete kan organiseras inom industriell produktion och hur det inverkar på förutsättningarna för ett kompetent utförande av förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete. Två fallstudier från tillverkande industri utgör det empiriska underlaget. I resultatet identifieras två spänningsfält för förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete: självorganiserat-avsiktligt organiserat, samt självreglerande-expertstött arbete. I spänningsfälten identifieras fyra positioner: Den intuitivt drivna, den gruppdrivna, den coachdrivna och den vägledningsdrivna. En slutsats är att en begränsad distribuerad kompetens är en allt för svag katalysator för att bedriva förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete i de självreglerande positionerna. Expertstöd i form av en kompetent andre kan genom facilitering eller handledning möjliggöra mer av utforskande aktiviteter och kan då bidra till att bryta med invanda handlingsmönster i sökandet efter nya lösningar. Det möjliggör mer av ett arbetsintegrerat lärande samt utgör en viktig grund för framväxt av praktikbaserad innovation.

  • 250.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Organizing viable development work in operations2017Ingår i: International Series in Operations Research and Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, s. 49-65Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this chapter is to give an account of and discuss how viable development work can be organized and engage employees on all levels of an organization, which, depending on the specific needs, enables the emergence of both exploitation and exploration. A further aim is to describe the relationship between how development work is carried out and the opportunities afforded by such work for continuous learning of development work competence. The empirical material contains several examples of how employees are committed to improving their own operations, which in itself is an important prerequisite for a continuous work-integrated learning. However, the empirical findings presented in this chapter indicate that this is not a sufficient condition for the long-term development of skills relevant to pursuing structured development work. One conclusion to draw is that development work needs to be treated as a domain-specific competence in itself, which in turn needs to be distributed throughout the organization. 

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