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  • 201.
    Cederbom, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Denison, Eva
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Chronic pain among older women living alone. A study focusing on disability and morale.2014Ingår i: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 139-150Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To investigate 1)how older women who are living alone perceive chronic musculoskeletal pain,Activities of Daily Living (ADL), physical activity, affective distress,pain-related beliefs, pain management, and rate pain-related disability andmorale,  2) the relationships betweendemographic variables, ADL, physical activity, affective distress, pain-relatedbeliefs, and pain management with pain-related disability and morale.Method: The study had across-sectional and correlational design. Sixty women, living alone with chronicpain and community support aged ≥65 years were included.Results: The women were on average 81 years old and had lived with pain forabout 21.5 years. They reported low scores of affective distress,catastrophizing thoughts and self-efficacy, high scores of fear of movement,low degrees of pain-related disability, and low levels of  morale. The multiple regression analysisshowed that only catastrophizing thoughts significantlyexplained the variation in pain-related disability, and both affective distress and catastrophizing thoughtssignificantly explained the variation in morale. Conclusion: These older women livingalone with chronic pain reported similar prevalence ofchronic pain and pain-related disability but lower morale when comparingthe results with similar studies about older people in the same age group orolder people who are in need of help to manage their daily life. The only variable that was independely associated to bothpain-related disability and morale was catastrophizing. Further researchshould focus on identifying catastrophizing thougts,and also on developing a rehabilitation program based on a biopsychosocialperspective with the goal to decrease catastrophizing, pain-relateddisability, and increase morale for this target group

  • 202.
    Cederbom, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden; The Unit for Rehabilitation in the municipality of Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Denison, Eva
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Home Help Service Staffs' Descriptions of Their Role in Promoting Everyday Activities Among Older People in Sweden Who Are Dependent on Formal Care.2017Ingår i: Journal of Applied Gerontology, ISSN 0733-4648, E-ISSN 1552-4523, Vol. 36, nr 8, s. 971-992Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The study aimed to explore how home help service staff described their role in improving the abilities of older people, in particular, older women with chronic pain who are dependent on formal care, to perform everyday activities. Three focus group interviews were conducted, and a qualitative inductive thematic content analysis was used. The analysis resulted in one theme: struggling to improve the care recipients' opportunities for independence but being inhibited by complex environmental factors. By encouraging the care recipients to perform everyday activities, the staff perceived themselves to both maintain and improve their care recipients' independence and quality of life. An important goal for society and health care professionals is to improve older people's abilities to "age in place" and to enable them to age independently while maintaining their quality of life. A key resource is home help service staff, and this resource should be utilized in the best possible way.

  • 203.
    Cederbom, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Older women´s daily rhythm of activities in a supporting environment, Living with persistent musculoskeletal pain.2012Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 204.
    Cederbom, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    The importance of a daily rhythm in a supportive environment-  promoting ability in daily activities among older women livingalone with chronic pain2014Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, nr 24, s. 2050-2058Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim of this study was to explore how older women living alone with chronic musculoskeletal pain, describe their ability in performing activities in everyday life and what could promote their ability in activities in everyday life as well as their perceived meaning of a changed ability to perform activities in everyday life. Method: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 12 women, and an inductive content analysis was used. Results: The results showed the importance of a daily rhythm of activities. Activities included in the daily rhythm were socializing with family and friends, physical activities, doing own activities as well as activities supported by relatives and the community. The activities described by the women also promoted their ability in activities in everyday life. Other findings were the women's perceived meaning of being independent and maintaining that independency, along with the meaning of accepting and adapting to a changed life situation. Conclusion: This paper concludes that it is important to be sensitive of individual needs regarding the daily rhythm of activities when health-care professionals intervene in the activities in everyday life of older women living alone, promote the women's independency, and enable them to participate in the community. 

  • 205.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    et al.
    Linköping universitet.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Introduction2013Ingår i: New Tools in Welfare Research / [ed] Elinor Brunnberg and Elisabet Cedersund, Aarhus: Aarhus Universitetsforlag, 2013, s. 19-32Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Refereegranskat)
  • 206.
    Chamoun, Charbel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Före detta fängelseintagnas återanpassning till samhället2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 207.
    Chatchumni, Manaporn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Post-operative pain management practice: Current situation and challenges within nursing practice in a Thai context2016Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Patients’ recovery after surgery is one of the most important health processes in planned hospital healthcare and has a direct impact on welfare and welfare systems. Therefore, what nurses do in the im­mediate postoperative period is of vital importance. This thesis addresses the question of understanding how nurses work in managing post-operative pain by exploring their daily nursing practices and experiences in responding to the patient in pain within a Thai cultural context.

    The project applied a qualitative methodology where the local culture and its day-to-day practices of pain management were studied by using observations, focus groups, in-depth interviews and a critical incident interview approach with nurses. Informants were recruited at a public hospital in Bangkok in a surgical ward. In all, 100 hours of observations, 39 interviews and 69 descriptions of critical incidents related to nurse’s pain management were gathered. The data analysis followed the principles of qualitative research.

    The findings showed that, although there is a clearly defined approach to pain management, the response system followed by the nurses to address patients’ pain is complex and includes much lead time between assessing patients’ pain and the nurses responding to the pain. Furthermore, nurses are caught in what is labeled a patient pa­radigm, where evidence of pain often is double- and triple-checked by scoring and recording signs that are then subject to confirmation by a third party. Underpinning this is a culture of pain management cultivated between the nurses that rests first and foremost on their own experiences and a working/professional culture where nurses offer each other practical help in urgent situations, but seldom discuss event-based strategies together. Nevertheless, when nurses described situations when they were successful in practicing pain management, they considered their own engagement and their availability of time, space and therapeutic options to be important.

    Keywords: Culture of nursing, Nursing in pain management, Pain assessment, Perception of pain, Pain management, Pain post-operative

  • 208.
    Chatchumni, Manaporn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Namvongprom, Amaporn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    The Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Engagement and availability shapes agency-based maneuvering in nurse’s pain management: A critical incident study2018Ingår i: Electronic Physician, ISSN 2008-5842, Vol. 10, nr 8Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Studies reporting inadequate nursing care for patients indicate that nurses are negatively affected in such situations, and research is needed to study nursing care in postoperative situations. 

    Objective: To describe situations of postoperative pain management in a surgical ward in Thailand.

    Methods: A qualitative approach using the Critical Incident Technique was chosen to investigate situations of postoperative pain management from the perspective of surgical nurses in Thailand. Data were collected through multiple semi-structured interviews with nine nurses over a five-week period.

    Results: The situations of surgical nurses described three elements that heavily influenced the quality of postoperative pain management: engagement in a trustful nurse-patient relationship, availability of pain medication and nursing care when needed, and imbalance between meeting the patient’s needs and completing routine nursing duties. 

    Conclusion: The results help to expand our understanding of how Thai nurses manage pain in postoperative situations and indicate areas that could be improved in terms of how nurses respond to patients’ pain. Nurses challenge existing guidelines and facilitate development of new nursing guidelines and/or policies in pain management.

  • 209.
    Chatchumni, Manaporn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Namvongprom, Ampaporn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Rangsit University, Pathum Thani, Thailand.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    The Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. The Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Thai Nurses' experiences of post-operative pain assessment and its' influence on pain management decisions2016Ingår i: BMC Nursing, ISSN 1472-6955, E-ISSN 1472-6955, Vol. 15, nr 1, artikel-id 12Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: While many studies have addressed various issues with regards to pain management, there is limited knowledge about how nurses assess pain in surgical wards. This study aimed to describe Thai nurses' experiences of pain assessment in a surgical ward.

    METHODS: A cross-sectional explorative study was conducted. Participants were selected through theoretical sampling. Data was collected through interviews with twelve registered nurses working in surgical wards. Qualitative content analysis guided the analysis of the data.

    RESULTS: Nurses use a double/triple check system, communicated to the healthcare team via records and protocols, and they used their skills and experiences in pain assessment. The results showed that nurses missed the opportunity to include the patients' self-reported pain in their accounts. Though much evidence of pain was collected, this did not seem to benefit the patients. Furthermore, the nurses were not using instruments to measure pain, which illustrates the potential unreliability of professionals who have differing opinions concerning the patients' pain.

    CONCLUSIONS: Thai nurses worked based on a 'patient-evidence' paradigm when assessing patients in pain; this should be shifted to an evidence-based paradigm. Furthermore, by including the patients' self-reported pain in their assessment, nurses would both improve the quality of the pain assessment and empower patients in their pain management. Pain management practices in Thailand should be improved through education, training, supportive innovation, and collegial competence development in order to improve the quality of care in the post-operative field.

  • 210.
    Chatchumni, Manaporn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Namvongprom, Ampaporn
    Rangsit Univ, Sch Nursing, Rangsit, Thailand.
    Sandborgh, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    The Red Cross University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nurses’ perceptions of patients in pain and pain management: a focus group study in Thailand2015Ingår i: Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, ISSN 1906-8107, Vol. 19, nr 2, s. 164-177Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In Thailand, nurses have a key role in the assessment of symptoms and advising on pain management in patients with post-operative in a surgical ward. This study provides insight into nurses’ perceptions of patients in pain and subsequent pain management. A focus group discussion method was used with 18 registered nurses working in surgical wards. The data were analysed using qualitative content analysis. The participants’ descriptions of their perceptions of patients in pain and pain management were condensed into four themes. Two themes revolved around their perceptions of patient pain, uncomfortable patient, and restricted mobility and changed mood. The two remaining themes comprised intolerable pain would be managed, and managing pain through our own experience seems to be of importance in their professional assumption that evidence-based practice is inadequate for patients’ postoperative care. It is suggested that nurses work to a organized pain assessment guideline and pain management models according to cultural contexts. This should be developed within an understanding of the nurse-patient relationship, and specifically holistic nursing models of care can play an important role in bridging the connection between training and practice, not only between personal and professional perceptions of pain and selected strategies, but also between professional knowledge and nurses’ perceptions of patients in pain.The findings may have relevance for other similar contexts and settings.

  • 211.
    Chen, Kenneth
    et al.
    Univ Queensland, Recover Injury Res Ctr, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Univ Queensland, NHMRC Ctr Res Excellence Rd Traff Injury Recovery, Herston, Qld, Australia..
    Andersen, Tonny
    Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, Odense M, Denmark..
    Carroll, Linda
    Univ Alberta, Sch Publ Hlth, Edmonton, AB, Canada..
    Connelly, Luke
    Univ Queensland, NHMRC Ctr Res Excellence Rd Traff Injury Recovery, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Univ Queensland, Ctr Business & Econ Hlth, PACE, Woollongabba, Qld, Australia.;Univ Bologna, Dept Sociol & Business Law, Bologna, Italy..
    Cote, Pierre
    Univ Ontario Inst Technol, Fac Hlth Sci, Oshawa, ON, Canada.;UOIT CMCC Ctr Disabil Prevent & Rehabil, Oshawa, ON, Canada.;Univ Toronto, Dalla Lana Sch Publ Hlth, Toronto, ON, Canada..
    Curatolo, Michele
    Univ Washington, Dept Anesthesiol & Pain Med, Seattle, WA 98195 USA..
    Elliott, James
    Univ Sydney, Fac Hlth Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;Northwestern Univ, Dept Phys Therapy & Human Movement Sci, Feinberg Sch Med, Chicago, IL 60611 USA..
    Grant, Genevieve
    Univ Queensland, NHMRC Ctr Res Excellence Rd Traff Injury Recovery, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Monash Univ, Fac Law, Australian Ctr Justice Innovat, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Jul, Gwendolen
    Univ Queensland, Sch Hlth & Rehabil Sci, Div Physiotherapy, St Lucia, Qld, Australia..
    Kasch, Helge
    Reg Hosp Viborg, Res Unit, Spinal Cord Injury Ctr Western Denmark, Viborg, Denmark.;Reg Hosp Viborg, Dept Neurol, Viborg, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Clin Med, Aarhus, Denmark..
    MacDermid, Joy
    Western Univ, Sch Phys Therapy, Perth, WA, Australia.;St Josephs Hlth Ctr, Hand & Upper Limb Ctr, London, ON, Canada..
    Malmstrom, Eva-Maj
    Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Pain Rehabil, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Maujean, Annick
    Univ Queensland, Recover Injury Res Ctr, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Univ Queensland, NHMRC Ctr Res Excellence Rd Traff Injury Recovery, Herston, Qld, Australia..
    McLean, Samuel A.
    Univ N Carolina, Dept Anesthesiol, Inst Trauma Recovery, Sch Med, Chapel Hill, NC 27515 USA..
    Nielsen, Mandy
    Chron Pain Australia, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Rebbeck, Trudy
    Univ Queensland, NHMRC Ctr Res Excellence Rd Traff Injury Recovery, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Univ Sydney, Fac Hlth Sci, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Sterling, Joanna
    Univ Queensland, Recover Injury Res Ctr, Herston, Qld, Australia..
    Treleaven, Julia
    Univ Queensland, Sch Hlth & Rehabil Sci, Div Physiotherapy, St Lucia, Qld, Australia..
    Walton, David M.
    Western Univ, Sch Phys Therapy, Perth, WA, Australia..
    Westergren, Hans
    Skane Univ Hosp, Dept Pain Rehabil, Lund, Sweden.;Lund Univ, Dept Clin Sci, Lund, Sweden..
    Sterling, Michele
    Univ Queensland, Recover Injury Res Ctr, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Univ Queensland, NHMRC Ctr Res Excellence Rd Traff Injury Recovery, Herston, Qld, Australia.;Griffith Univ, Menzies Hlth Inst Queensland, Parklands, Australia..
    Recommendations For Core Outcome Domain Set For Whiplash-Associated Disorders (CATWAD)2019Ingår i: The Clinical Journal of Pain, ISSN 0749-8047, E-ISSN 1536-5409, Vol. 35, nr 9, s. 727-736Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Inconsistent reporting of outcomes in clinical trials of treatments for Whiplash-associated Disorders (WAD) hinders effective data pooling and conclusions that can be drawn about the effectiveness of tested treatments. The aim of this study was to provide recommendations for core outcome domains that should be included in clinical trials of WAD. Materials and Methods: A 3-step process was used: (1) A list of potential core outcome domains were identified from the published literature. (2) Researchers, health care providers, patients, and insurance personnel participated and rated the importance of each domain via a 3-round Delphi survey. A priori criteria for consensus were established. (3) Experts comprising researchers, health care providers, and a consumer representative participated in a multidisciplinary consensus meeting that made final decisions on the recommended core outcome domains. Results: The literature search identified 63 potential core domains. A total of 223 participants were invited to partake in the Delphi surveys, with 41.7% completing round 1, 45.3% round 2, and 51.4% round 3. Eleven core domains met the criteria for inclusion across the entire sample. After the expert consensus meeting, 6 core domains were recommended: Physical Functioning, Perceived Recovery, Work and Social Functioning, Psychological Functioning, Quality of Life, and Pain. Discussion: A 3-step process was used to recommend core outcome domains for clinical trials in WAD. Six core domains were recommended: Physical Functioning, Perceived Recovery, Work and Social Functioning, Psychological Functioning, Quality of Life, and Pain. The next step is to determine the outcome measurement instruments for each of these domains.

  • 212.
    Choowong, Jiraporn
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Barriers, Enablers and challenges in the practice of directly observed treatment for tuberculosis patients in a local Thai community2017Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Tuberculosis (TB) has presented a challenge to the public health community in Thailand, especially as regards patient adherence to TB treatment. Direct observed treatment (DOT) is recommended for promoting patient adherence to TB treatment. There is good evidence that DOT can significantly increase the patient adherence to TB treatment. However, the implementation of DOT has complex relationships to socioeconomic factors and Thai context issues. 

    The overall aim was (1) to obtain a deeper understanding of what happens when the DOT is practised in a local Thai community, and (2) to generate knowledge for improving the implementation of DOT, and thereby improve patient adherence to TB treatment.

    The empirical data were collected in Trang province, in the southern region of Thailand, between 2013 and 2015. The sample of study I consisted of five District TB Coordinators and five TB clinic staff from the public health sectors in rural and urban areas. Phenomenographic analysis was used. Study II: Five focus group discussions were conducted with 25 village health volunteers and six family members; manifest and latent content analysis was used for the analysis. Study III: Twenty TB patients were interviewed, using grounded theory methodology. Study IV: A mixed-method systematic review was accessed through databases. Data from the selected studies were extracted and synthesized using thematic analysis. 

    The fear of stigma of TB patients was considered a significant barrier to the practice of DOT and adherence to TB treatment (studies I, II and III). Lack of TB knowledge and skills among DOT observers were revealed as barriers to the practice of DOT (studies I and II). At the same time, social facilitation and TB patients’ positive thinking and self-awareness were considered enablers of patient adherence to TB treatment (studies I and III). Another result is to provide an empowerment approach for DOT observers, who, in turn, will increase the empowerment of TB patients to achieve adherence to TB treatment  (study IV).

    This thesis contributes a deeper understanding of the perspective of healthcare providers, DOT observers and TB patients when DOT is practised in a local Thai community. A challenge from these results is to provide an empowerment approach towards DOT observers. The results of this thesis will be useful for policy-makers who will consider strategies for improving the implementation of DOT and enabling patient adherence to TB treatment in the Thai context.

  • 213.
    Choowong, Jiraporn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Boromarajonani College of Nursing Trang, Praboromarajchanok Institute for Health Workforce Development, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Directly observed therapy providers´practice when promoting tuberculosis treatment in a local Thai community2018Ingår i: Journal of Public Health in Developing Countries, ISSN 2059-5409, Vol. 4, nr 1, s. 458-466Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 214.
    Choowong, Jiraporn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Minist Publ Hlth, PIHWD, Boromarajonani Coll Nursing Trang, Trang 92000, Thailand..
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Thai district Leaders' perceptions of managing the direct observation treatment program in Trang Province, Thailand2016Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 16, artikel-id 653Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Thailand is 18th out of the 22 countries with the highest tuberculosis (TB) burden. It will be a challenge for Thailand to achieve the UN Millennium Development target for TB, as well as the new WHO targets for eliminating TB by 2035. More knowledge and a new approach are needed to tackle the complex challenges of managing the DOT program in Thailand. Contextual factors strongly influence the local implementation of evidence in practice. Using the PARIHS model, the aim has been to explore district leaders' perceptions of the management of the DOT program in Trang province, Thailand. Methods: A phenomenographic approach was used to explore the perceptions among district DOT program leaders in Trang province. We conducted semi-structured interviews with district leaders responsible for managing the DOT program in five districts. The analysis of the data transcriptions was done by grouping similarities and differences of perceptions, which were constructed in a hierarchical outcome space that shows a set of descriptive categories. Results: The first descriptive category revealed a common perception of the leaders' duty and wish to comply with the NTP guidelines when managing and implementing the DOT program in their districts. More varied perceptions among the leaders concerned how to achieve successful treatment. Other perceptions concerned practical dilemmas, which included fear of infection, mutual distrust, and inadequate knowledge about TB. Further, the leaders perceived a need for improved management practices in implementing the TB guidelines. Conclusion: Using the PARIHS framework to gain a retrospective perspective on the district-level policy implementation of the DOT program and studying the leadership's perceptions about applying the guidelines to practice, has brought new knowledge about management practices. Additional support and resources from the regional level are needed to manage the challenges.

  • 215.
    Choowong, Jiraporn
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Thai people living with tuberculosis and how they adhere to treatment: A grounded theory study2017Ingår i: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 19, nr 4, s. 436-443Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To develop a conceptual framework of adherence to treatment among Thai people living with tuberculosis, a grounded theory approach was used. A purposive sample of 20 Thai people living with tuberculosis, aged from 23 to 85years, was interviewed. From the participants' perspective, a core category of social belonging was highlighted, with three categories of conditions connected: personal barriers, personal resilience, and social facilitation. Personal barriers encompassed fear of stigma, concealing the illness, and lack of knowledge and motivation to complete the treatment regime. Personal resilience encompassed positive thinking and self-awareness. Social facilitation encompassed the ease of access to health services, continuity in the health service's ability to choose a directly-observed therapy observer, and social support. This study contributes a deeper understanding of the perspective of Thai people living with tuberculosis with regards to adherence to tuberculosis treatment. It might improve how local healthcare workers provide tuberculosis care, and inspire them to tailor care to people living with tuberculosis in a local community to increase personal resilience and reduce stigma.

  • 216.
    Claesson, A.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Solna, Center for Resuscitation Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Djarv, T.
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Solna, Center for Resuscitation Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nordberg, P.
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Solna, Center for Resuscitation Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ringh, M.
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Solna, Center for Resuscitation Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hollenberg, J.
    Karolinska Institute, Department of Medicine, Solna, Center for Resuscitation Science, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Axelsson, C.
    The Prehospital Research Centre, University College of Borås, Borås, Sweden.
    Ravn-Fischer, A.
    Department of Cardiology, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Strömsöe, Anneli
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Medical versus non medical etiology in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest—Changes in outcome in relation to the revised Utstein template2017Ingår i: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 110, s. 48-55Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction The Utstein-style recommendations for reporting etiology and outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) from 2004 have recently been revised. Among other etiologies a medical category is now introduced, replacing the cardiac category from Utstein template 2004. Aim The aim of this study is to describe characteristics and temporal trends from reporting OHCA etiology according to the revised Utstein template 2014 in regards to patient characteristics and 30-day survival rates. Methods This registry study is based on consecutive OHCA cases reported from the Emergency medical services (EMS) to the Swedish Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (SRCR) 1992–2014. Characteristics, including a presumed cardiac etiology in Utstein template 2004, were transcribed to a medical etiology in Utstein template 2014. Results Of a total of n = 70,846 cases, 92% were categorized as having a medical etiology and 8% as having a non-medical cause. Using the new classifications, the 30-day survival rate has significantly increased over a 20-year period from 4.7% to 11.0% in the medical group and from 3% to 9.9% in the non-medical group (p ≤ 0.001). Trauma was the most common cause in OHCA of a non-medical etiology (26%) with a 30-day survival rate of 3.4% whilst drowning and drug overdose had the highest survival rates (14% and 10% respectively). Conclusion Based on Utstein 2014 categories of etiology, overall survival after OHCA with a medical etiology has more than doubled in a 20-year period and tripled for non-medical cases. Patients with a medical etiology found in a shockable rhythm have the highest chance of survival. There is great variability in characteristics among non-medical cases.

  • 217.
    Clarstedt, Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Lundberg, Tove
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Förutsättningar för att vårda strokedrabbade patienter: En litteraturöversikt ur sjuksköterskansperspektiv2019Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 218.
    Condén, Emelie
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Uppsala University, Central Hospital, Västerås, Sweden .
    Rosenblad, A.
    Uppsala University, Central Hospital, Västerås, Sweden .
    Wagner, P.
    Uppsala University, Central Hospital, Västerås, Sweden .
    Leppert, J.
    Uppsala University, Central Hospital, Västerås, Sweden .
    Ekselius, L.
    Uppsala University, Sweden .
    Åslund, C.
    Uppsala University, Central Hospital, Västerås, Sweden .
    Is type D personality an independent risk factor for recurrent myocardial infarction or all-cause mortality in post-acute myocardial infarction patients?2017Ingår i: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, ISSN 2047-4873, E-ISSN 2047-4881, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 522-533Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Type D personality refers to a combination of simultaneously high levels of negative affectivity and social inhibition. The present study aimed to examine whether type D personality was independently associated with recurrent myocardial infarction or all-cause mortality in post-acute myocardial infarction patients, using any of the previously proposed methods for measuring type D personality. Design This was a prospective cohort study. Methods Utilising data from the Västmanland Myocardial Infarction Study, 946 post-acute myocardial infarction patients having data on the DS14 instrument used to measure type D personality were followed-up for recurrent myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality until 9 December 2015. Data were analysed using Cox regression, adjusted for established risk factors. Results In total, 133 (14.1%) patients suffered from type D personality. During a mean follow-up time for recurrent myocardial infarction of 5.7 (3.2) years, 166 (17.5%) patients were affected by recurrent myocardial infarction, of which 26 (15.7%) had type D personality, while during a mean follow-up time for all-cause mortality of 6.3 (2.9) years, 321 (33.9%) patients died, of which 42 (13.1%) had type D personality. After adjusting for established risk factors, type D personality was not significantly associated with recurrent myocardial infarction or all-cause mortality using any of the previously proposed methods for measuring type D personality. A weak association was found between the social inhibition part of type D personality and a decreased risk of all-cause mortality, but this association was not significant after taking missing data into account in a multiple imputation analysis. Conclusions No support was found for type D personality being independently associated with recurrent myocardial infarction or all-cause mortality in post-acute myocardial infarction patients, using any of the previously proposed methods for measuring type D personality. 

  • 219.
    Coyne, I.
    et al.
    School of Nursing & Midwifery, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland.
    Holmström, Inger K.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Centeredness in Healthcare: A Concept Synthesis of Family-centered Care, Person-centered Care and Child-centered Care2018Ingår i: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 42, s. 45-56Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Increasingly within healthcare, different kind of ‘centeredness’ are used to denote the focus of care which can create confusion for practitioners. Methods: A concept analysis was undertaken to identify the antecedents, attributes and relationship between family-, person-, and child-centered care. PubMed and CINAHL were searched from 2012 to 2017 and thirty-five papers were reviewed. Results: Both person- and child-centered care are focused on individuals, a symmetric relationship and the tailoring of care to individual needs while family- centered care is focused on the family as a unit of which the child is included. Person-centered care focuses on an adult person with autonomy, while the focus in child-centered care is the individual child as an own actor with rights but still close to a family. Conclusion: It appears at a conceptual level that the concepts of centeredness contain both similarities and differences. Finding ways to structure nursing and focus the care that respects a person's dignity and humanity is essential in healthcare and should be a major goal of health policy and health systems worldwide. Implications: The identification of the antecedents and attributes embedded in the concepts may help raise professionals’ awareness of the different foci and how this will influence one's practice. There is a need to recognize strengths and weaknesses of the centeredness in different settings and environments. Furthermore, it is important to know which approach to apply within different situations so that quality care is enabled for every person, child and family.

  • 220.
    Coyne, Imelda
    et al.
    School of Nursing and Midwifery, Trinity College, Dublin Ireland.
    Hallström, Inger
    Lund university, Lund, Sweden.
    Söderbäck, Maja
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Reframing the focus from a Family-centred to a child-centred care approach for children's healthcare2016Ingår i: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 20, nr 4, s. 492-502Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, we argue for a conceptual move from family-centred care (FCC) to a child-centred care approach and the implications for clinical nursing practice. Firstly, we argue that the parents and professional dominance constructs an asymmetric relationship towards the child, which may take away the focus from the child; Secondly, we need to renew efforts to promote the fundamental principles of protection, promotion and participation rights for children and young people according to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child declaration and thirdly, we need to strengthen the child’s perspective and to view the child as an agent representing own experiences and wishes to be respected and negotiated.

  • 221.
    Craftman, Asa Gransjon
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet Univ, Sweden.
    Westerbotn, Margareta
    Sophiahemmet Univ, Sweden.
    von Strauss, Eva
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Hilleras, Pernilla
    Sophiahemmet Univ, Sweden.
    Marmstal Hammar, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Older people's experience of utilisation and administration of medicines in a health- and social care context2015Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, nr 4, s. 760-768Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: People living at home who lack ability to manage their medicine are entitled to assistance to improve adherence provided by a home care assistant employed by social care. Aim: The aim was to describe how older people with chronic diseases, living at home, experience the use and assistance of administration of medicines in the context of social care. Design: A qualitative descriptive study. Methods: Ten participants (age 65+) living at home were interviewed in the participants' own homes. Latent content analysis was used. Findings: The assistance eases daily life with regard to practical matters and increases adherence to a medicine regimen. There were mixed feelings about being dependent on assistance; it interferes with self-sufficiency at a time of health transition. Participants were balancing empowerment and a dubious perception of the home care assistants' knowledge of medicine and safety. Physicians' and district nurses' professional knowledge was a safety guarantee for the medicine process. Conclusions: Assistance eases daily life and medicine regimen adherence. Dependence on assistance may affect self-sufficiency. Perceived safety varied relating to home care assistants' knowledge of medicine. Relevance to Clinical Practice: A well-functioning medicine assistance is crucial to enable older people to remain at home. A person-centred approach to health-and social care delivery is efficient and improve outcome for the recipient of care.

  • 222.
    Cuenca-Garcia, Magdalena
    et al.
    School of Medicine, University of Granada, Spain.
    Ruiz, Jonatan
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Ortega, Francisco B
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Labayen, Idoia
    Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of the Basque Country, Vitoria, Spain.
    González Gross, Marcela
    Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain.
    Moreno, Luis
    Escuela Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad de Zaragoza, Spain.
    Gómez-Martínez, Sonia
    Instituto del Frío, Spanish National Research Council, Spain.
    Ciarapica, Donatella
    Nationell research institute for Food and Nutrition, Rome, Italy.
    Hallström, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Wästlund, Acki
    Unit for Preventive Nutrition, Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Molnar, Dénes
    University of Pecs, Pecs, Hungary.
    Gottrand, Frédéric
    Faculté de Médecine, Université de Lille, France.
    Manios, Yannis
    Department: Nutrition & Dietetics; Harokopio University, Athens, Greece.
    Widhalm, Kurt
    Department of Pediatrics, Medical University of Vienna, Austria.
    Kafatos, Anthony
    Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Clinic, Department of Social Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Crete, Greece.
    De Henauw, Stefaan
    Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.
    Sjöström, Michael
    Department of Biosciences and Nutrition, Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Castillo, Manuel J
    School of Medicine, University of Granada, Spain.
    Association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness in European adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestylein Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study2014Ingår i: Public Health Nutrition, ISSN 1368-9800, E-ISSN 1475-2727, Vol. 17, nr 10, s. 2226-2236Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine the association of breakfast consumption with objectively measured and self-reported physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness.

    Design: The HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Cross-Sectional Study. Breakfast consumption was assessed by two non-consecutive 24 h recalls and by a 'Food Choices and Preferences' questionnaire. Physical activity, sedentary time and physical fitness components (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular fitness and speed/agility) were measured and self-reported. Socio-economic status was assessed by questionnaire. 

    Setting: Ten European cities. Subjects: Adolescents (n 2148; aged 12.5-17.5 years). 

    Results: Breakfast consumption was not associated with measured or self-reported physical activity. However, 24 h recall breakfast consumption was related to measured sedentary time in males and females; although results were not confirmed when using other methods to assess breakfast patterns or sedentary time. Breakfast consumption was not related to muscular fitness and speed/agility in males and females. However, male breakfast consumers had higher cardiorespiratory fitness compared with occasional breakfast consumers and breakfast skippers, while no differences were observed in females. Overall, results were consistent using different methods to assess breakfast consumption or cardiorespiratory fitness (all P <= 0.005). In addition, both male and female breakfast skippers (assessed by 24 h recall) were less likely to have high measured cardiorespiratory fitness compared with breakfast consumers (OR = 0.33; 95% CI 0.18, 0.59 and OR = 0.56; 95 % CI 0.32, 0.98, respectively). Results persisted across methods. 

    Conclusions: Skipping breakfast does not seem to be related to physical activity, sedentary time or muscular fitness and speed/agility as physical fitness components in European adolescents; yet it is associated with both measured and self-reported cardiorespiratory fitness, which extends previous findings.

  • 223.
    Dag, Munir
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Employment officers' assessments of employment prospects for persons with physical disability: Structural discrimination on the basis of gender and country of birth2016Ingår i: Disability Studies Quarterly (DSQ), ISSN 1041-5718, E-ISSN 2159-8371, Vol. 36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article concerns employment officers' assessments of persons with physical disabilities. The aim was to investigate the assessments made by employment officers of the motivation and ability to obtain, keep, and successfully perform a job, when young women and men, of Swedish and foreign country of birth, seek employment. The study is qualitative and data were collected via interviews supported by the vignette method. The respondents were eight employment officers working in employment offices in a large and a medium-sized municipality in Sweden. The results show that the employment officers assess the job seekers born in a foreign country (Iran) as less motivated to find a job and less motivated to work compared to those born in Sweden. The results also show that the applicants born in a foreign country are recommended to seek less-qualified jobs, and that women born in Sweden are recommended for more professional assistance and support to further education than other applicants. The study reveals the existence of negative ethnic discrimination in employment officers' assessments of employment prospects for persons with physical disabilities and indicates that improvements may be needed in the officers' understanding of how unconscious stereotypical expectations concerning disabilities, gender and ethnicity can affect their assessments and decisions. It is suggested that careful consideration should be given to whether pedagogic models that have been used in other contexts, for instance education, could be used as a complement in the management of cases in order to detect biases in assessments.

  • 224. Dag, Munir
    et al.
    Kullberg, Christian
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Can they work it out and do they get any satisfaction?: Young Swedish physically disabled men's and women's work involvement and job satisfaction2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Disability Research, ISSN 1501-7419, E-ISSN 1745-3011, Vol. 12, nr 4, s. 287-303Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, results are reported from a study of what value young (20-35 years) disabled men and women ascribe to a job and the job satisfaction they have. Data for the study were collected via a survey questionnaire. The results show that both the men and the women attach great psychosocial value to work and that they have a high level of job satisfaction. The results also show that the men tend to ascribe higher economic value to paid work than the women do and that the women ascribe a higher psychosocial value to paid work than the men. Finally, there is a discussion of the conclusions that can be drawn from the results of the social policy measures taken for men and women in the group in question.

  • 225.
    Dag, Munir
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Svanelöv, Eric
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Experiences of using Bestic, an eating aid for people with intellectual disabilities2017Ingår i: Journal of Intellectual Disability, ISSN 1744-6295, Vol. 21, nr 1, s. 87-98Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This article reports on the results of a pilot study exploring whether and how the meal situations of persons with intellectual disabilities (PWIDs) in need of help and support during meal situations were affected by an eating aid. This article also analyzes how PWIDs and their assistants perceived their experiences of using an eating aid during meal situations. Data for the study were collected in interviews with PWIDs and their assistants. The results are presented in five themes: independence in the meal situation, motivation to use the eating aid, functions of the eating aid, social aspects of using the eating aid, and design corresponding to intellectual disability. The eating aid’s function, user-friendliness, and the assistants’ attitudes appear to be crucial for using the eating aid. Another important aspect is the introductory and training phase, which must be fundamentally adapted to suit the PWIDs ability to learn and understand. When these aspects are controlled, the eating aid can be a tool for increased independence during meal situations for PWIDs who are unable to move their arms or hands.

  • 226.
    Dahlgren, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Bredenhof Heijkenskjöld, Katarina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Entreprenöriellt lärande i verksamhetsförlagd utbildning inom sjuksköterskeprogrammet: samverkan i kreativa former2015Ingår i: Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning: -att lära i team för att verka i team., 2015Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vår presentation har sin utgångspunkt i projektet Entreprenörskap på HVV (E-HVV) vid Mälardalens högskola. Tillväxtverket har initierat att entreprenörskap ska finnas genom hela utbildningssystemet utifrån ”Sense of initiative and entrepreneurship”, en av EU:s åtta kärnkompetenser för livslångt lärande vilket även gäller för högskolor och universitet.Vi har utifrån egen erfarenhet märkt att det finns behov för studenterna i sjuksköterskeprogrammet att utveckla entreprenöriella kompetenser som exempelvis mod, initiativ, självständighet, ansvar inte minst i verksamhetsförlagd utbildning (VFU). Ett av målen för Sjuksköterskeprogrammets VFU vid Mälardalens högskola är att entreprenöriell utveckling genomförs som en del av högskolemässig VFU. Kliniska adjunkterna vid akademinsamverkar kontinuerligt i detta kvalitetsarbete inom Landstinget Västmanland. Utgångspunkten är Intentionsdokumentet för högskolemässig verksamhetsförlagd utbildning vid Landstinget Västmanland, ett samverkansdokument med kontinuerlig uppföljning i lärosätets forum för samverkan gällande VFU, Branschråd Vård. Med inspiration från E-HVV startades ett nytt projekt i samproduktion med Västmanlands sjukhus vidLandstinget Västmanland, Entreprenöriellt lärande i VFU. Målet var att implementera entreprenöriellt lärande som en del av högskolemässig VFU vid Västmanlands sjukhus. 

     

    Projektet pågick från juni 2014 till juni 2015 med seminarier för huvudhandledarna i sex steg. Steg 1 bestod av en kort föreläsning om entreprenörskap samt workshops med olika kreativitetsövningar i syfte att skapa nya idéer för VFU. Huvudhandledarna identifierade behov av entreprenöriella kompetenser hos blivande sjuksköterskor samt studenterna behov gällande entreprenöriellt lärande i VFU. I steg 2 utvärderades landstingets handlingsplan för VFU. Utifrån resultatet identifierade huvudhandledarna sju utvecklingsområden för sitt pedagogiska arbete de kommande två åren.Steg 3. Med hjälp av cafémetodik konkretiserade huvudhandledarna idéer i syfte att utveckla de sju framtagna utvecklingsområdena. I samband med detta föddes idén till en tävling för att utmana huvudhandledarnas nyskapande i arbetsprocessen. Steg 4 handlade om inspiration och handledning för skapa en gemensam plattform för idéerna. Frågor som ”Var står ni nu?  Hur långt har ni kommit? Förväntningar och farhågor?”ställdes. Think pair share, idé- och visionskarta användes som metoder utifrån frågan Varför finns vår idé? I steg 5 arbetade huvudhandledarna på egen hand med sina idéer. Bedömningskriterier för tävlingen togs fram och en jury bildades med representanter från akademin, deltagande vårdverksamhet samt den entreprenör som konsulterats i projektet. Steg 6 var en final där tävlingsbidragen presenterades vid en ”öppen föreläsning” och bedömdes av juryn. Alla som bidragit i tävlingen fick en muntlig motivering samt omdöme av sitt arbete. Första pris gick till Metodrum inom vårdenheten, andra pris Reflektionskortlekoch tredje pris Peer-learning i studentsalar. Diplom delades ut till samtliga tävlingsdeltagare. Citat från en lärare i publiken ”Ett fint planerat och arrangerat presentationstillfälle. Enormt engagerade huvudhandledare som var för sig gjorde intressanta och tankeväckande presentationer som visade på nytänkande vad gäller studentens lärande i vårdandet.”

  • 227.
    Dahlgren, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Bredenhof Heijkenskjöld, Katarina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Entreprenöriellt lärande i verksamhetsförlagd utbildning2017Ingår i: Pedagogik för sjuksköterskor / [ed] Håkan Sandberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, s. 225-247Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att som huvudhandledare få tänka själv och fritt, att få tänka utanför ramarna är jätteinspirerande. När saker och ting är tillåtna i lärandemiljön, desto större chans att studenterna vågar säga vad de tycker och tänker samt att de blir mer öppna för idéer i sitt lärande. Att se saken som en ständig utveckling och ta del av andras idéer ger alla chansen att utvecklas oavsett om det gäller studenter, handledare, huvudhandledare eller lärare. 

  • 228.
    Dahlgren, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Bredenhof Heijkenskjöld, Katarina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Kan entreprenöriellt lärande utveckla mod hos sjuksköterskestudenter?2017Ingår i: HSS2017. Högskola och samhälle i samverkan. 18-19 maj 2017.: Entreprenörskap och kunskapsutveckling, 2017Konferensbidrag (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Kan entreprenöriellt lärande utveckla mod hos sjuksköterskestudenter?

    Sjuksköterskestudenter i verksamhetsförlagd utbildning blir handledda och bedömda i sitt lärande av handledande sjuksköterskor. Att lära under bedömning kan hindra studenterna att våga öva och pröva sig fram i sitt lärande att vårda människor och främja hälsa. Vi har lärt oss att entreprenörskap bland annat handlar om att vara strategisk, risktagande, att reflektera och argumentera vilket möjligtvis kan främja studentens mod och självständighet. Entreprenöriellt lärande handlar om att lära av entreprenörskap.

  • 229.
    Dahlgren, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Bredenhof Heijkenskjöld, Katarina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Hägglund, Sara
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Palm, Caroline
    Tillväxtverket, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Nils
    Linnéuniversitetet, Sweden.
    Ellborg, Katarina
    Linnéuniversitetet, Sweden.
    ENTREPRENÖRSKAP I HÖGRE UTBILDNING: Dialogseminarium om entreprenörskap för att möta framtidens utmaningar2015Ingår i: HSS2015 Högskola och samhälle i samverkan. Kalmar, Sverige. 28-29 maj 2015., 2015Konferensbidrag (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Innovationsbehovet blir allt starkare i en komplex värld och allt större krav ställs på kompetens och entreprenöriell förmåga. En av universitetens utmaningar är att koppla samman kunskap och entreprenöriella förmågor så att studenternas kunskap sätts i arbete. Hur arbetar vi med dessa frågor i samverkan?

  • 230.
    Dahlgren, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Göransson, Eija
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Högskolemässig lärandemiljö i verksamhetsförlagd utbildning.2016Ingår i: Samproduktionens retorik och praktik: - inom området hälsa och välfärd. / [ed] Inger K Holmström; Jonas Stier; Per Tillgren & Gunnel Östlund., Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, s. 71-80Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitelt beskrivs två lokala exempel av samproduktion mellan högskola och landsting samt mellan högskola och kommun. Detta samarbete grundas i avtal och överenskommelser i form av bland annat handlingsplaner när det gäller verksamhetsförlagd utbildning (VFU) för sjuksköterskeprogrammet vid Mälardalens högskola (MDH). Kapitelförfattarna är delaktiga i att samverka och samarbeta för en högskolemässig VFU. Vad högskolemässighet i VFU är, diskuteras i kapitlet, liksom hur samverkan utvecklats till samarbete och samproduktion. Det visar sig att parterna har gemensamma intressen för kvalitetsfrågor och att aktiviteter har skapats för att uppnå en levande process i dessa exempel, där avtal, intetionsdokument och handlingsplaner samt de gemensamma intressena, förutsätter varandra i kontinuerlig samverkan, samarbete och samproduktion. 

  • 231.
    Dale, Richard Allan
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Sverker, Annette
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Hasselberg, Marie
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Hensing, Gunnel
    Univ Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Young adults' experiences with near-injury situations: a critical incident study in Sweden.2017Ingår i: International Journal of Child, Youth & Family Studies, ISSN 1920-7298, E-ISSN 1920-7298, Vol. 8, nr 1, s. 97-111Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As injuries are the main health threat for young adults (18-29 years) in industrial countries, a better understanding of injury risk is needed for this population. Using the Critical Incident Technique, this study explores how young people experience situations that have the potential to cause physical injury (i.e., near-injury situations). Clearly, understanding how and why near-injury situations arise can be used to develop strategies to help prevent severe injury. Content analysis was used to categorize the characteristics of the experiences into unexpected risk in ordinary tasks, duty first, and price for learning. Young adults' exposures to new or unusual environmental conditions, especially in unexpected risk in ordinary tasks, should be considered when planning injury prevention strategies. A combination of individual, social, and contextual demands and expectations was identified in both work-and sports-related experiences with near-injury situations. The price for learning, which arises from the added risk involved in learning situations, is another condition that was identified and requires further attention. The Critical Incident Technique proved to be a useful method for identifying near-injury situations that might otherwise have been difficult to recall. Young adults' efforts to display their ability to handle difficult situations at work and in their everyday lives was identified as a major contributor to near-injury situations.

  • 232.
    Damir, Isovic
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Wallin, Fredrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    THE COPRODUCTIVE UNIVERSITY: Education and research in coproduction with the wider community2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mälardalen University has a long history of a successful cooperation and coproduction with the industry and public sector in Sweden. This has eventually led it to become one of the leading higher education institutes in Sweden for excellent coproduction with different societal actors, both internationally and nationally. The university has through its coproduction activities become convinced of its value and of the wide range of opportunities it can bring to all parties involved. In this paper, we share our experience through some good examples both from research and education and discuss what is needed for successful and sustainable coproduction with industry and public sector.

  • 233.
    Danielsson, Christina Bodin
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ Sweden.
    Bodin, Lennart
    Karolinska Inst, Sweden.
    Wulff, Cornelia
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    Theorell, Tores
    Stockholm Univ, Sweden.
    The relation between office type and workplace conflict: A gender and noise perspective2015Ingår i: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 42, s. 161-171Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This exploratory study aimed to investigate the impact of the office design on workplace conflicts, with a special attention to noise in the office. A gender perspective was applied. The sample consisted of 5229 employees from the Swedish Longitudinal Occupational Survey of Health 2010 (SLOSH), working in different office types. In the multivariate analysis office type was used as the explanatory variable with adjustments for age, supervisory position and labour market sector. Analysis stratified for gender was used. Among women a significant impact of office type per se on workplace conflicts was found, but not among men. For women several office types differed significantly from the cell-office with regard to prevalence of conflicts during the past two years, but for men only the combi-office differed from the cell-office. Noise had an impact on workplace conflicts, but is not the only explanatory factor since the effect of office type remained also after adjustment for noise in multivariate analyses. Other environmental factors inherent in the office type might thus explain the occurrence of conflicts. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 234.
    Danielsson, Lena
    et al.
    Vastmanlands Sjukhus, Reg Vastmanland, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Lundstrom, Marie-Louise
    Vastmanlands Sjukhus, Reg Vastmanland, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Holmström, Inger K.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Kerstis, Birgitta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Anaesthetizing children-From a nurse anaesthetist's perspective-A qualitative study2018Ingår i: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 393-399Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurse anaesthetists' experiences of encountering and caring for children in connection to anaesthesia. Design: Qualitative design. Methods: Sixteen written narratives based on eight nurse anaesthetists' experiences of meeting children was analysed using qualitative content analysis. Results: The overarching theme was: "anaesthetizing children is a complex caring situation, including interactions with the child and parents as well as ensuring patient safety, affected by the perioperative team and organizational prerequisites". The nurses stated that in their interaction with the family, their goal was to ensure that children and parents felt secure and calm. "Striving to work in confidence" underlined the team and organizational influences. Encountering children involves more than knowledge about technical equipment, procedures and drugs. Knowledge about children's development and fears and parents' needs are essential for an optimal caring situation. Organizations need to realize that extra time, skills and resources are needed to safely anaesthetize children.

  • 235.
    Danielsson, Lena
    et al.
    Region Västmanland, Sweden.
    Lundström, Louisa
    Region Västmanland, Sweden.
    Holmström, Inger K.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Uppsala universitet.
    Kerstis, Birgitta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Anaesthetizing children from a nurse anaethetist's perspective2019Ingår i: Barnveckan, Örebro, 2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 236.
    Darbyshire, Philip
    et al.
    Monash University Victoria Australia.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Müllersdorf, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    External scrutiny, faculty research culture and the changing university2016Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 72, nr 11, s. 2571-2575Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 237.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Jämställdhet, etnicitet och "andra män" - ett intersektionellt perspektiv på förändringar av maskulinitet efter migration2014Ingår i: Män och jämställdhet: betänkande / av Utredningen om män och jämställdhet, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2014, , s. 35Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 238.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Ahmadi, Fereshtih
    Högskolan i Gävle, Sweden.
    Mella, Orlando
    Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.
    Palm, Irving
    Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.
    Mångfaldsbarometern: Tio år av attitydmätningar i Sverige2015 (uppl. 1)Bok (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Boken är en samling av de flesta texter som har

    publicerats i samband med Mångfaldsbarometern.

    I det första kapitlet redogör Fereshteh Ahmadi,

    Mehrdad Darvishpour och Irving Palm för resultat

    från Mångfaldsbarometern från 2005 – 2014 och

    även andra undersökningar. De presenterar också

    en sociologisk analys av insamlade data under

    tio år.

    I det andra kapitlet presenterar Orlando Mella de

    första årens resultat utifrån ett sociologiskt perspektiv,

    både teoretiskt och metodologiskt.

    I det tredje kapitlet förklarar Orlando Mella resultaten

    av sju års mätningar av attityder till mångfald, av mätningar

    av attityder mot mångfald och fastställer och

    tolkar vissa tendenser som stabila profiler.

    I det fjärde kapitlet fokuseras på mångfalden i arbetslivet.

    Den svenska välfärden är tydligt relaterad till invandring.

    Att underlätta för invandrare att få möjlighet

    till arbete och egen försörjning har ansetts viktigt för

    deras integrering i samhället. Invånarnas egna erfarenheter

    av kontakter med personer med utländsk bakgrund

    visar sig påverka befolkningens attityder liksom kön,

    ålder och utbildning.

    I det femte kapitlet behandlas problem kring integration.

    Mångfaldsbarometern 2009 som kompletterats med

    ett antal intervjuer visar att en stor andel av befolkningen

    har positiva erfarenheter av invandrare och menar att

    de skall ha samma rättigheter och möjligheter som den

    infödda befolkningen. Studien visar dock att den sociala

    toleransen har sina gränser och tycks förändras över tid.

    Kapitlen 6-15 består av de årliga rapporterna av

    Mångfaldsbarometern. I dessa rapporter hittar man

    statistik och förklaringar till de olika tabeller och figurer

    som presenteras.

    I slutet av boken presenteras en lista över en del

    viktiga artiklar som skrevs i massmedia om Mångfaldsbarometern.

  • 239.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Mahmoodian, Mohammadrafi
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Projektet samarbete med Västerås stad och Eskilstuna kommunen om ensamkommande barn2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att genom ett antal möten med fokusgrupper sammansatta av medarbetare i välfärdstjänster i Eskilstuna kommun och Västerås stad förankra vår forskningsidé om samverkanproblematiken kring mottagandet av ensamkommande barn. Genom den direkta kontakten med medarbetarna ville projektgruppen säkra de centrala forskningsfrågornas praktiska relevans. Därtill ville projektgruppen i samverkan med olika aktörer (t.ex. kommun, socialtjänst, landstinget, skola, civilsamhälle) identifiera goda exempel och utmaningar i mottagandet av ensamkommande barn och deras hälsa, välfärd och integrationsprocess. Resultaten tyder på att kommunerna, trots den särskilt stora belastningen som migrationsvågen år 2015 innebar, hade förmåga att anpassa sig och hantera mottagande av de ensamkommande barnen. Vid sidan av kommunernas ansträngningar visar studien att även följande faktorer hade betydelse för barnens förmåga att hantera vardagens svårigheter: 1) barnens egna resurser i form av motivation och vilja till integration exempelvis genom skolintegration, 2) nätverkets runt barnen och 3) civilsamhället. I materialet framkommer även ett antal utmaningar för det kommunala arbetet: svårigheter med att tillgodose behovet av emotionella stöd och att skapa tillit hos barnen, brist på resurser och god kommunikation mellan olika organisationer, barnens oro för avvisning och vissa otydligheter kring ansvarsfördelning mellan olika myndigheter. En avslutande rapport som återspeglar resultaten av projektet kommer att publiceras elektroniskt. Trots att projektet officiellt avslutats pågår en diskussion om ett fortsatt samarbete kring forskningsplan och forskningscirkel med fokus på bemötande, omhändertagande, uppföljning och etablering av ensamkommande barn. Ett konkret förslag som planeras är att projektgruppen ska medverka i arbetet med en enkätundersökning och uppföljning i Västerås stad om barnens upplevelse av kommunens mottagande. För att kunna genomföra allt detta avser projektgruppen att dels söka medel från HVV:s för samproduktion och dels söka medel från Forte för att fortsätta forskning, forskningscirklar och samproduktion kring kommuner och landstingen mottagande av ensamkommande barn.

  • 240.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Mahmoodian, Mohammadrafi
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Ensamkommande ungdomars röster om mottagande, inkludering och jämställdhetsutveckling2019Ingår i: Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour; Niclas Månsson, Liber, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 241.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Mahmoodian, Mohammadrafi
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation.
    Sammanfattning av arbetsrapport om  nyanlända barns och ungdomars inkludering  och jämställdhetsutveckling2018Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 242.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Lahdenperä, Pirjo
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Honour-Related Problems in School Contexts in Sweden - theoretical perspective and prevention2014Rapport (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This report: Honour-Related Problems in School Contexts in Sweden - theoretical perspctive and prevention, presents an outline of definitions, problems areas and theoretical perspctive within this reserach field. It also provides a description of the preventataive measures schools should take to confront honour-related problems experienced by pupils. Some questions pinpointed in this report ramain urgent matters. The repot highlights the relationship between integrations politics and school policies concerning honour-related problems. The writers raise certain dilemmas which can become issues in the conflict between children's right and parent's right and wich may be manifested in the contact between school ans home.

  • 243.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Lahdenperä, Pirjo
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Lorentz, Hans
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation.
    Hedersrelaterad problematik i skolan: - en kunskaps-och forskningsöversikt2010Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport är en kunskapsöversikt över svenska forskningsprojekt som berör frågor om hedersrelaterad problematik i skolan. I rapporten ger författarna sin tolkning av hur det kan komma sig att hedersrelaterade normer vidmakthålls i vissa familjer i Sverige i dag. I rapporten diskuteras även åtgärder som skolan kan vidta för att arbeta med den hedersrelaterade problematiken.

    I rapporten framhålls bland annat att hedersrelaterade problem i skolan kan uppfattas som riskfyllda med tanke på stigmatisering och rädsla för främlingsfientlighet och ökning av fördomar, men att detta inte på något sätt får hindra skolpersonalen att ta itu med problemen och att vara observanta på vad hederstänkande kan medföra. Hederstänkande får inte stå i vägen för alla elevers rätt till kunskap oberoende av kön, etnicitet etc.

    Rapporten är författad av Mehrdad Darvishpour, filosofie doktor i sociologi från Stockholms Universitet och lektor i socialt arbete på Mälardalens högskola, Pirjo Lahdenperä, professor i pedagogik på Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation (UKK) vid Mälardalens högskola, och Hans Lorentz, filosofie doktor i pedagogik från Lunds universitet och lektor i pedagogik vid UKK på Mälardalens högskola. Rapporten ingår i en serie av forskarrapporter från DEJA.

  • 244.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Månsson, NiclasSödertörns högskola, Sweden.
    Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter: integration, inkludering och jämställdhet2019Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 245.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Samverkan och utmaningar – mottagande av ensamkommande ungdomar2019Ingår i: Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter / [ed] Mehrad Darvishpour; Niclas Månsson, Liber, 2019Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 246.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Westin, CharlesStockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Migration och etnicitet: Perspektiv på ett mångkulturellt Sverige2015Samlingsverk (redaktörskap) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna bok, som här ges ut i en omarbetad upplaga, ger en introduktion till den sociologiska forskningen om etnicitet och migration i Sverige. Med utgångspunkt i teorier om makt söker vi beskriva och analysera hur etnicitet som kategori skapas och upprätthålls och hur detta strukturerar samhället.

    Debatten om migrations- och integrationspolitik, om social exkludering och utanförskap, om strukturell diskriminering och postkolonialism, om banal nationalism och identiteter, om ”vi och dom”, har fått stor aktualitet inte minst till följd av Sverigedemokraternas uppsving efter valet 2014 samt utvecklingen efter terrordåden 7 januari 2015 i Paris. Inför denna upplaga har några nya kapitel som tar upp frågor av stor aktualitet tillkommit.

    Migration och etnicitet behandlar teorier om etniska relationer och identiteter i förhållande till social stratifiering, mångkulturalism och exkluderingsmekanismer. Den tar upp invandrings- och flyktingpolitik, situationen för samer och romer, samt ett antal sakområden som bl.a. gäller representation, diskriminering och segregering, men också stereotyper, generationskonflikter och åldrande.

    Boken riktar sig till studenter och forskare inom sociologi, socialt arbete och IMER, men den lämpar sig också för andra samhällsveten- skapliga utbildningar som behandlar etnicitet och migrationsfrågor.

  • 247.
    Dean, E.
    et al.
    University of British Columbia, Canada.
    Skinner, M.
    University of Otago, Asia Western Pacific, Dunedin, New Zealand.
    Myezwa, H.
    University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Mkumbuzi, V.
    University of Malawi, Blantyre, Malawi.
    Mostert, K.
    University of Pretoria, Hatfield, South Africa.
    Parra, D. C.
    Washington University in St Louis School of Medicine, St Louis, USA.
    Shirley, D.
    The University of Sydney, Lidcombe, Australia, Asia Western Pacific, Australia.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    de Andrade, A. D.
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, South America, Recife, Brazil.
    Abaraogu, U. O.
    University of Nigeria Enugu Campus, Enugu, Nigeria.
    Bruno, S.
    Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, South America, Natal, Brazil.
    Clark, D.
    University of Alabama, North America/Caribbean, Birmingham, AL, United Kingdom.
    Gylfadóttir, S.
    Reykjalundur Rehabilitation Center, Europe, Iceland.
    Jones, A.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong.
    Veluswamy, S. K.
    Hospitals, Asia Western Pacific, Bangalore, India.
    Lomi, C.
    Karolinska University Hospital, Europe, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Moffat, M.
    New York University, North America/Caribbean, NY.
    Morris, D.
    University of Alabama, USA.
    Stensdotter, A. -K
    Norwegian University of Science and Technology, NTNU, Europe, Trondheim, Norway.
    Wong, W. P.
    Singapore Institute of Technology, Asia Western Pacific, Singapore.
    Group, Global Health Working
    Health Competency Standards in Physical Therapist Practice2019Ingår i: Physical Therapy, ISSN 0031-9023, E-ISSN 1538-6724, Vol. 99, nr 9, s. 1242-1254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although the physical therapist profession is the leading established, largely nonpharmacological health profession in the world and is committed to health promotion and noncommunicable disease (NCD) prevention, these have yet to be designated as core physical therapist competencies. Based on findings of 3 Physical Therapy Summits on Global Health, addressing NCDs (heart disease, cancer, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, obesity, and chronic lung disease) has been declared an urgent professional priority. The Third Summit established the status of health competencies in physical therapist practice across the 5 World Confederation for Physical Therapy (WCPT) regions with a view to establish health competency standards, this article's focus. Three general principles related to health-focused practice emerged, along with 3 recommendations for its inclusion. Participants acknowledged that specific competencies are needed to ensure that health promotion and NCD prevention are practiced consistently by physical therapists within and across WCPT regions (ie, effective counseling for smoking cessation, basic nutrition, weight control, and reduced sitting and increased activity/exercise in patients and clients, irrespective of their presenting complaints/diagnoses). Minimum accreditable health competency standards within the profession, including use of the WCPT-supported Health Improvement Card, were recommended for inclusion into practice, entry-to-practice education, and research. Such standards are highly consistent with the mission of the WCPT and the World Health Organization. The physical therapist profession needs to assume a leadership role vis-à-vis eliminating the gap between what we know unequivocally about the causes of and contributors to NCDs and the long-term benefits of effective, sustained, nonpharmacological lifestyle behavior change, which no drug nor many surgical procedures have been reported to match.

  • 248.
    Dean, E.
    et al.
    University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada .
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    What is the role of lifestyle behaviour change associated with non-communicable disease risk in managing musculoskeletal health conditions with special reference to chronic pain?2015Ingår i: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, ISSN 1471-2474, E-ISSN 1471-2474, Vol. 16, nr 1, artikel-id 87Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Other than activity and exercise, lifestyle practices such as not smoking and healthy nutrition, well established for preventing and managing lifestyle-related non-communicable diseases (i.e., heart disease, cancer, hypertension, stroke, obstructive lung disease, diabetes, and obesity), are less emphasized in the physical therapy guidelines for addressing chronic pain, e.g., back pain. This state-of-the-art review examines the relationships between lifestyle behaviours and musculoskeletal health, with special reference to chronic pain, and their clinical and research implications. Discussion: A state-of-the-art review was conducted to synthesize evidence related to lifestyle factors (not smoking, healthy diet, healthy weight, optimal sleep and manageable stress, as well as physical activity) and musculoskeletal health, with special reference to chronic pain. The findings support that health behaviour change competencies (examination/assessment and intervention/treatment) may warrant being included in first-line management of chronic pain, either independently or in conjunction with conventional physical therapy interventions. To address knowledge gaps in the literature however three lines of clinical trial research are indicated: 1) to establish the degree to which traditional physical therapy interventions prescribed for chronic pain augment the benefits of lifestyle behaviour change; 2) to establish the degree to which adopting healthier lifestyle practices, avoids or reduces the need for conventional physical therapy; and 3) to establish whether patients/clients with healthier lifestyles and who have chronic pain, respond more favourably to conventional physical therapy interventions than those who have less healthy lifestyles. Summary: Lifestyle behaviour change is well accepted in addressing lifestyle-related non-communicable diseases. Compelling evidence exists however supporting the need for elucidation of the role of negative lifestyle behaviours on the incidence of chronic pain, and the role of positive lifestyle behaviours on its incidence and effective management. Addressing lifestyle behaviour change in patients/clients with chronic pain, e.g., back pain, as a first-line intervention might not only constitute a novel approach, but also reduce the socioeconomic burden related to chronic pain as well as non-communicable diseases.

  • 249.
    Dean, Elizabeth
    et al.
    Univ British Columbia, Canada.
    Moffat, Marilyn
    NYU, USA.
    Skinner, Margot
    University of Otago, New Zealand.
    de Andrade, Armele Dornelas
    Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Brazil.
    Myezwa, Hellen
    Witwatersrand University, South Africa.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Toward core inter-professional health promotion competencies to address the non-communicable diseases and their risk factors through knowledge translation: Curriculum content assessment2014Ingår i: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, E-ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, s. 717-Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: To increase the global impact of health promotion related to non-communicable diseases, health professionals need evidence-based core competencies in health assessment and lifestyle behavior change. Assessment of health promotion curricula by health professional programs is a first step. Such program assessment is a means of 1. demonstrating collective commitment across health professionals to prevent non-communicable diseases; 2. addressing the knowledge translation gap between what is known about non-communicable diseases and their risk factors consistent with 'best' practice; and, 3. establishing core health-based competencies in the entry-level curricula of established health professions. Discussion: Consistent with the World Health Organization's definition of health (i.e., physical, emotional and social wellbeing) and the Ottawa Charter, health promotion competencies are those that support health rather than reduce signs and symptoms primarily. A process algorithm to guide the implementation of health promotion competencies by health professionals is described. The algorithm outlines steps from the initial assessment of a patient's/client's health and the indications for health behavior change, to the determination of whether that health professional assumes primary responsibility for implementing health behavior change interventions or refers the patient/client to others. An evidence-based template for assessment of the health promotion curriculum content of health professional education programs is outlined. It includes clinically-relevant behavior change theory; health assessment/examination tools; and health behavior change strategies/interventions that can be readily integrated into health professionals' practices. Summary: Assessment of the curricula in health professional education programs with respect to health promotion competencies is a compelling and potentially cost-effective initial means of preventing and reversing non-communicable diseases. Learning evidence-based health promotion competencies within an inter-professional context would help students maximize use of non-pharmacologic/non-surgical approaches and the contribution of each member of the health team. Such a unified approach would lead patients/clients to expect their health professionals to assess their health and lifestyle practices, and empower and support them in achieving lifelong health. Benefits of such curriculum assessment include a basis for reflection and discussion within and across health professional programs that could impact the epidemic of non-communicable diseases globally, through inter-professional education and evidence-based practice related to health promotion.

  • 250.
    Dean, Elizabeth
    et al.
    University of British Columbia.
    Nordgren, Lena
    Centre for Clinical Research in Sörmland, Sörmland County Council, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    An Exploration of the Scientific Writing Experience of Non-native English-speaking Doctoral Supervisors and Students Using a Phenomemographic Approach2015Ingår i: Journal of Biomedical Education, ISSN 2314-5021, artikel-id 542781Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Nonnative English-speaking scholars and trainees are increasingly submitting their work to English journals. The study’s aim was to describe their experiences regarding scientific writing in English using a qualitative phenomenographic approach. Two focus groups (5 doctoral supervisors and 13 students) were conducted. Participants were nonnative English-speakers in a Swedish health sciences faculty. Group discussion focused on scientific writing in English, specifically, rewards, challenges, facilitators, and barriers. Participants were asked about their needs for related educational supports. Inductive phenomenographic analysis included extraction of referential (phenomenon as a whole) and structural (phenomenon parts) aspects of the transcription data. Doctoral supervisors and students viewed English scientific writing as challenging but worthwhile. Both groups viewed mastering English scientific writing as necessary but each struggles with the process differently. Supervisors viewed it as a long-term professional responsibility (generating knowledge, networking, and promotion eligibility). Alternatively, doctoral students viewed its importance in the short term (learning publication skills). Both groups acknowledged they would benefit from personalized feedback on writing style/format, but in distinct ways. Nonnative English-speaking doctoral supervisors and students in Sweden may benefit from on-going writing educational supports. Editors/reviewers need to increase awareness of the challenges of international contributors and maximize the formative constructiveness of their reviews.

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