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  • 201.
    Bengtsson, Madeleine
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ungas framtid: En hermeneutisk studie om hur ungdomar upplever sin framtid2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det finns en tendens i dagens samhälle att ungdomar, istället för att resa och 'hitta sig själv', satsar på en bra utbildning och/eller jobb. De verkar inte följa sina drömmar i allt större grad, utan deras förväntningar är mer realistiska och nåbara. Frågan är om detta är ett beslut som individen fattar helt själv eller om det finns andra krafter som påverkar detta beslut. Denna studie har tagit upp hur dagens ungdomar upplever sin framtid, vad som påverkar denna syn och om det finns plats för drömmar i dagens samhälle. Det teoretiska och begreppsliga ramverket bestod av Giddens teori om reflexivitet, Sennetts teori om flexibilitet samt begreppet govermentality, dessa har hjälpt till i förståelsen av hur ungdomarna ser på sin framtid. Med ett hermeneutiskt arbetssätt har jag sökt efter en djupare förståelse av denna upplevelse av framtiden. Detta genom att göra fem stycken intervjuer som sedan tolkades, och tillslut visade på en dubbelhet i hur framtiden upplevdes. Samtidigt som framtiden ansågs vara öppen, var den på andra fronter stängd.

  • 202.
    Bennström, Charles
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Cartaya, Jhonattan
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Keep it real and Quick: En undersökning om hur företag bör kommunicera mot 80-talister2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today we live in a more or less globalized society where borders do not pose the same obstacle as before. This is why it is interesting to examine whether different countries have similar views on how to communicate with a specific audience

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to use the data gathered to inform businesses with information. The information can then be used to assist companies when it comes to advertising, the design of messages and the choice of media channels when communicating with people born during the 80’s. Furthermore, the investigation intends to find out if there really is a global market for people born during the 80’s.

    Method: The authors believe that a purely quantitative or qualitative approach is not appropriate. For this reason a combination of these two approaches is used in order solve the problem.

    Conclusions: When communicating to people born during the 80’s the messages should be simple and quick and the arguments used should be more of the holistic kind. When it comes to the choice of media channels the Internet and its tools are the obvious choices of today. The key is to capture the target group directly and also to engage the audience in question. There is a suggestion that it is a global market for people born during the 80’s and that communication can be standardized. The authors cannot confirm with certainty that it is indeed a global market since the spread of respondents cannot be considered to be exhaustive. However, the authors argue that Europe and North America have similar ideas when it comes to message and choice of channels when communication is intended for consumers born during the'80s.

  • 203.
    Bennström, Evelina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Investigation of Ligand Effect on Regio- and Stereoselectivity in the Heck Reaction2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes the investigation of how the structure of the ligand influences the product distribution in a series of model Heck reactions. The results showed that the ligand had a strong influence on the selectivity in all cases. It also describes efforts to build prediction models through PLS modelling of experimental data against calculated descriptors for the ligands in silico. In addition, a subset of the data was used to investigate the ability of DFT calculations to predict the selectivity.

  • 204.
    Bennström, Stephanie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kabwe, Michel
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Karlsson, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    En kvantitativ studie om sociala nätverks påverkan på konsumenter genom Facebook2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 205.
    Berg, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Söderbäck, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Self-efficacys betydelse för jobbsöksbeteende hos arbetssökande2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 206.
    Berggren, Charlotte
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hur påverkas arbetsengagemanget av konflikten mellan arbete/familj och arbetsmiljön hos de anställda?: Undersökning av fängelsepersonal2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 points / 22,5 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Arbetet i ett fängelse är annorlunda mot de flesta andra arbetsplatser. Det är en isolerad arbetsplats med lite insyn från det övriga samhället, samt i hög grad styrt av lagar och förordningar. Det framgick i forskning att fängelseanställda har högre arbetsengagemang då de upplever sin arbetsplats som rättvis, och då de får stöd från arbetsledare. Studien ämnade undersöka om det fanns ett samband mellan konflikten mellan arbete och familj och arbetsengagemang, samt om det fanns samband mellan arbetsmiljö (rättvisa, kontroll i arbetet och arbetsbörda) och arbetsengagemang. Undersökningen hade en svarsfrekvens på 15 % vilket påverkade studiens tillförlitlighet. Den visade ett samband mellan rättvisa och arbetsengagenmang. Inget samband hittades hos konflikten mellan arbete och familj och arbetsengagemang.

  • 207.
    Berggren, Filip
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Österlund, Robin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hur ansvariga vid vägarbeten ser på sin uppgift kopplat till säkerhet och framkomlighet2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In 1997, the Swedish parliament adopted a decision on Vision Zero (nollvision) in the road 

    and transport system. Vision Zero means that no one should be killed or seriously injured in 

    traffic accidents in the road transport system (Prop. 2003/04: 160). For the Transport 

    Administration in Sweden (Trafikverket), this means increased demands on security and 

    signage at road work sites around the country. This in turn means increased demands on the 

    contractors that carry out road work for the Transport Administration. The Transport 

    Administration wants a better understanding how entrepreneurs in various operational areas in 

    the Eastern Region perceive their role as responsible for safety and accessibility on roadwork 

    sites and to better understand the problems that can occur when signage is inadequate. In this 

    report, governing documents for the operating entrepreneurs have been studied, in addition, 

    searches of literature in various transport databases have been made. Interviews have been 

    made with the operating entrepreneurs who have had the opportunity to highlight their views 

    on roadwork. The results of the study are a compilation of things the contractors put emphasis 

    on. Among other things, several of them want to separate service equipment 

    (trafikanordningar) from the procurement because it is possible to win offers with a lower bid 

    amount, depending on how signage is made and safety is ensured. Many contractors also call 

    for more clarification from the Transport Administration, and say that it is often unclear what 

    the relevant directives are. Hopefully, this report will help increase the Transport 

    Administration’s understanding of the roadwork performed by contractors and help them 

    towards Vision Zero.  

     

    Keywords 

    vägarbete, trafikanordning, utmärkning, nollvision, trafikanordningsplan, konkurrenssättning, 

    skyltning, framkomlighet 

  • 208.
    Bergkvist, Alexandra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bernhardsson, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lundberg, My
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Mind the Gap - En studie om samarbetet mellan byrå och kund2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract - ”Mind the Gap”- A study on the cooperation between advertising agencies and their clients.

    Seminar date: May 31th 2012

    Institution: University of Mälardalen, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology

    Course: Bachelor thesis in business administration focusing on marketing, 15 ECTS

    Authors: Alexandra Bergkvist, Jenny Bernhardsson, My Lundberg

    21 th April 1988   11th December 1987   23rd September 1988

    Tutor:  Dan Linder

    Examinator: Cecilia Lindh

    Keywords: Work process, Customer Relations, Gap, Deadweight, Overflow, Advertising agency

    Problem: The problem formulation is based on identifying the gap in the work process between advertising agencies and their clients.

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify what the gap in the work process between clients and advertising agencies consists of.

    Research question: What does the gap in the work process between clients and advertising agencies consists of? When does gaps occur? In what way can the two parts bridge the gap?

    Method: The paper applies a qualitative method for understanding what the gap in the work process consists of. The empirical part of the study consists of four personal interviews, with three advertising agencies and one agency-choice counsellor. The interview questions are of a semi-structured interview form, which means that the same questions will be asked but with freedom to ask follow-up questions.

    Conclusion: Among the interviewed agencies and the agency-choice counsellor, there was a consensus of what the gap consists of, with the exception of a few different opinions. The appearance showed that the gap mainly consisted of different expectations and visions.

  • 209.
    Berglund, Johan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Malmberg, Kenneth
    Inneklimatet på ett kontor: Undersökning av inneklimatet vån. G4 stadshuset samt kontor på Ånghammargatan2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes an investigation of the indoor climate in two different workspaces. Since we a big part of our lives are staying indoors in artificial environments, and more particularly in our workplaces, we think it would be interesting to do this investigation.

     

    The technical solutions for air treatment systems began with simple natural systems without fans and where the thermal rise of the air applied. In modern time is technical air treating systems used to take care of the fresh air supply. This type of units can supply filtered air with the right temperature to the building.

     

    Well-functioning ventilation is essential to bring clean fresh air to the room and effectively remove impurities without sound- or draught problems. The indoor climate is relevant for the output capacity. Ability to work is influenced by a few degrees difference. Even the mental capacity is affected by this. Indoor climate with good comfort create the conditions for effective activities.

     

    People experience current indoor climate in various ways. In a workplace, some find it too warm while others complain that it is too cold. While odors from perfumes and pollutants may be perceived as very disturbing for example, allergies and children, while others are not affected at all.

     

    The office in City Hall is located on the 4th floor of the central Västerås. Surroundings consist of a large city park, a big car park and the city center. The second office is in a big one floored building, about 10 kilometers outside the city, with close links to a heavily busy road and a large parking place.

     

    At the sampling and measurement of the different spaces we used three different instruments. A sound meter, a carbon dioxide meter and a comfort meter which measures, operating temperature, humidity and air velocity. All measurements were made during an hour interval with at least one person in the room. We first measured the noise level and concentrations of carbon dioxide in the room, and after that we started comfort meter and collected the questionnaire responses.

     

     

    The result from all measurements is consistent with the questionnaire responses. In the office space that are perceived as dry, cold or warm we measured almost the same results. The experience of a space feels dry line with reality. When cold outdoor air is heated to around 19 degrees it becomes dry, which is normal for the cold seasons.

  • 210.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hallén, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Johanson, Ulf
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Segelod, Esbjörn
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Conclusions and Directions for Future Research on Industrial Renewal2011In: Studies in Industrial Renewal: Coping with Changing Contexts / [ed] Esbjörn Segelod, Karin Berglund, Erik Bjurström, Erik Dahlquist, Lars Hallén and Ulf Johanson, Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2011, 200, p. 455-471Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 211.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Johannisson, BengtLinnéuniversitetet.Schwartz, BirgittaMälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Societal Entrepreneurship: Positioning, Penetrating, Promoting2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 212.
    Berglund, Mattias
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Att motverka korruption i landstingen: En regelstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Undersökningen ämnar att belysa ett område som inte ägnats mycket tidigare uppmärksamhet, medborgerligt förtroende på regional nivå. Syftet med uppsatsen är att genom en teoretisk bakgrund kring kopplingar mellan korruption, förtroende och legitimitet formulera ett samlingsbegrepp där korruption förstås i relation till förtroende och legitimitet och inte endast utifrån lagstiftning. Detta för att sedan utifrån detta begrepp undersöka förekomsten av samt vilka regelverk svenska landsting har att förhålla sig till för att motverka korrupt beteende.

    Undersökningens slutsatser är att det samlade regelverken som landstingen har att förhålla sig till är att anse som klart formulerade. En oväntad slutsats visade sig även. Ett stort antal av svenska landsting och regioner uppvisade stora brister i kommunikationsförmåga.

  • 213.
    Berglund, Tatjana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Larhm, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Att arbeta kinestetiskt med kemi och fysik i grundskolan: Rörelseaktivitetens betydelse för elevers inlärning2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Genom detta arbete har vi utvecklat ett metodhäfte med en tillhörande lärarhandledning. Häftet består av sång- och rörelseövningar som tränar begrepp inom kemi och fysik, eftersom vi har märkt att ämnena kemi och fysik kan upplevas som svåra och därför behöver göras mer lustfyllda och lättillgängliga. Arbetet grundar sig på den kinestetiska inlärningsstilen och intelligensen. Meningen är att övningarna ska tillgodogöra den kinestetiska inlärningsstilen men även tilltala elever med andra inlärningsstilar. Genom anpassning kan våra övningar användas i alla årskurser. Övningarna har testats i årskurs 4-6 och resultatet visade att kinestetisk undervisning är efterfrågad och uppskattad samt att ämnena kemi och fysik kan upplevas som lustfyllda och ge mersmak. Vårt arbete visar att elever med kinestetisk intelligens behöver uppmärksammas mycket mer för att de ska kunna inkluderas i undervisningen. Vi anser att vårt arbete kan ge verktyg och kunskaper som behövs för att tillgodose den kinestetiska inlärningsstilen i kemi och fysik.

  • 214.
    Berglund, Terese
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Andersson, Sabine
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Anknytningens betydelse för motivation i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anknytningsteorin betonar det viktiga samspelet mellan barn och vårdnadsgivare som resulterar i trygg, otrygg/undvikande eller otrygg/ambivalent anknytningsstil. Anknytning representeras genom inre arbetsmodeller vilka färgar individens syn på sig själv och sin omgivning. Dessa synsätt tenderar även att vara stabila längs livet.  Begreppet motivation rymmer flertalet motivationsorienteringar som ligger till grund för individens handlingar. Syftet var att undersöka om anknytningsstil kan relateras till individens inre och yttre motivation i arbetet. Ytterligare syfte var att studera inverkan av kön, ålder, utbildning och/eller civilstånd på denna relation. En enkätundersökning genomfördes där deltagarna utgjordes av 143 arbetstagare, varav 51 kvinnor. Resultatet visade att anknytningsstil inte i någon större utsträckning inverkar på individens inre eller yttre motivation i arbetet. Dock fanns en signifikant skillnad mellan tryggt och otryggt anknutna individer i fråga om inre motivation och identifierad reglering. För att förstå anknytningsstil i relation till motivationsorientering måste fler faktorer än de undersökta tas i beaktning.

  • 215.
    Bergman, Peter N.
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst.
    Ahlberg, Gunnel
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Johansson, Gun
    Linkoping Univ.
    Stoetzer, Ulrich
    Karolinska Inst.
    Aborg, Carl
    Karolinska Inst.
    Hallsten, Lennart
    Karolinska Inst.
    Lundberg, Ingvar
    Univ Uppsala Hosp.
    Do job demands and job control affect problem-solving?2012In: Work: A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, E-ISSN 1875-9270, Vol. 42, no 2, p. 195-203Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The Job Demand Control model presents combinations of working conditions that may facilitate learning, the active learning hypothesis, or have detrimental effects on health, the strain hypothesis. To test the active learning hypothesis, this study analysed the effects of job demands and job control on general problem-solving strategies. Participants: A population-based sample of 4,636 individuals (55% women, 45% men) with the same job characteristics measured at two times with a three year time lag was used. Methods: Main effects of demands, skill discretion, task authority and control, and the combined effects of demands and control were analysed in logistic regressions, on four outcomes representing general problem-solving strategies. Results: Those reporting high on skill discretion, task authority and control, as well as those reporting high demand/high control and low demand/high control job characteristics were more likely to state using problem solving strategies. Conclusions: Results suggest that working conditions including high levels of control may affect how individuals cope with problems and that workplace characteristics may affect behaviour in the non-work domain.

  • 216.
    Bergold, Olof
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Norén, Mikael
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Banksektorns vägar till hållbar utveckling: Institutionalisering av CSR och miljö2008Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The world´s economic development during the past 100 years has led to improvements for millions of people. But it has also led to enormous environmental problems like global warming, species extinction and loss of biodiversity. Every human being and every sector in society are responsible to solve these grave environmental problems. One of those sectors is the banking sector. At first glance, the banking sector may look like an environmentally clean sector, especially when you compare the banking sector´s direct environmental impact with for example manufacturing industries. But when you look at the banking sector´s indirect environmental impact through loans and investments, you can envision the sectors potential to steer the society towards a sustainable development.

    This thesis has shown this a complex matter though, since banks and their customers share responsibility to elevate environmental issues. Customers need to understand that banks indirect environmental impact is big and then put pressure on banks to provide environmental responsible services and products. Banks, on the other hand, offer quite complex services and products which mean that banks have a responsibility to explain services and products different environmental effects. Banks have handled environmental risks for a long time in credit grants, but banks are now starting to feel that customers demand for environmental products and services is on a rise. The thesis has also found out that different types of environmental standards are very important for a credible environmental work in the banking sector.

  • 217.
    Bergquist, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Våtrumsskivor: En studie av våtrumsskivor och de nya våtrumsreglerna.2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 218.
    Bergqvist, Mirja
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Vad medveten närvaro kan betyda i dialektisk beteendeterapi: Fem patienters och fyra behandlares perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    För att undersöka vad medveten närvaro kan betyda i dialektisk beteendeterapi (DBT) meningskoncentrerades nio intervjuer. Medveten närvaro hade en positiv betydelse för samtliga deltagare. Det centrala för deltagarna var färdigheterna observera och en sak i taget. Färdigheterna hjälpte patienterna att stanna upp i ett negativt händelseförlopp. Behandlarna menade att medveten närvaro hjälpte vid stressrelaterade situationer. Samtliga deltagare underströk betydelsen av färdighetsträningen i grupp och praktiska övningar. Det fanns ett tydligt behov av att förenkla teorin kring medveten närvaro i DBT samt att medveten närvaro behövde få ett större utrymme. Om medveten närvaro kan hjälpa patienter i DBT att stanna upp i ett destruktivt händelseförlopp så är det en verkan av stor betydelse för patienterna såväl som för anhöriga och sjukvården.

  • 219.
    Bergqvist, Mirja
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Vad medveten närvaro kan betyda i dialektisk beteendeterapi: Fem patienters och fyra behandlares perspektiv2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    För att undersöka vad medveten närvaro kan betyda i dialektisk beteendeterapi (DBT) meningskoncentrerades nio intervjuer. Medveten närvaro hade en positiv betydelse för samtliga deltagare. Det centrala för deltagarna var färdigheterna observera och en sak i taget. Färdigheterna hjälpte patienterna att stanna upp i ett negativt händelseförlopp. Behandlarna menade att medveten närvaro hjälpte vid stressrelaterade situationer. Samtliga deltagare underströk betydelsen av färdighetsträningen i grupp och praktiska övningar. Det fanns ett tydligt behov av att förenkla teorin kring medveten närvaro i DBT samt att medveten närvaro behövde få ett större utrymme. Om medveten närvaro kan hjälpa patienter i DBT att stanna upp i ett destruktivt händelseförlopp så är det en verkan av stor betydelse för patienterna såväl som för anhöriga och sjukvården.

  • 220.
    Bergström, Anette
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Wengrud, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Intern kontroll & Finansiell Rapportering - Hur kan intern- & externrevision samverka för att skapa en effektiv revision?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    De senaste årens stora redovisningsskandaler har lett till ökade krav på bolagsstyrning och intern kontroll. Bolagsstyrningens fyra hörnstenar består av styrelsen, den verkställande ledningen,

    internrevisionen och externrevisionen. En solid bolagsstyrning kräver ett effektivt samspel mellan dessa fyra parter. I vår uppsats fokuserar vi på intern- och externrevisionens roller och relationer. Syftet med uppsatsen är att öka förståelsen för internrevisionens och externrevisionens respektive roller, undersöka om koden alternativt SOX har påverkat deras roller samt beskriva hur de arbetar och samverkar för att stärka den interna kontrollen över den finansiella rapporteringen för att tillsammans skapa en effektiv revision.

    Vi har genomfört en kvalitativ undersökning utifrån delvis strukturerade intervjuer med tre internrevisorer och tre externrevisorer samt sekundärdata som litteratur, artiklar och Internet.

    Undersökningen visar att internrevisionen och externrevisionen har olika uppdragsgivare och olika granskningsinriktning, men det ligger i båda parters intresse att kvalitetssäkra den interna kontrollen över finansiell rapportering. Införandet av koden och SOX har lett till ökat fokus på intern kontroll. Koden har däremot inte påverkat intern- och externrevisorns roller. SOX har emellertid lett till mer arbete på grund av detaljerad lagstiftning. För att stärka den interna kontrollen över finansiell rapportering fokuserar båda parter på områden där risken för väsentliga fel är störst. De signalerar om brister till varandra och lämnar synpunkter till ledningen. COSO:s ramverk för intern kontroll ligger till grund för båda parternas arbetsmetodik Genom en tydlig rollfördelning, regelmässig kommunikation och en gemensam syn kring riskområden, planering och

    intentioner kan intern- och externrevisorn samverka för att stärka den interna kontrollen avseende den finansiella rapporteringen och skapa en effektiv revision.

  • 221.
    Bergström, Matz
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Länken mellan plåga och lycka: En kvalitativ studie om sex kvinnliga barnmorskors upplevelser av mening och meningsfullhet i arbete2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Paid work is a major part of most people’s life. It is therefore important for individuals, and society as a whole, that there is meaning in the work being performed and it is perceived as meaningful. Midwives belong to a category of workers who perceive their work as meaningful. The intention of this qualitative interview study was to explore what six female midwives perceived as the meaning of work from an individual and society perspective. The aim was also to reveal what they perceived as meaningful in their work. By using a phenomenological method the essence of the midwives experiences was revealed. The concept of meaning in this study is to be understood as the aim or value of work. Meaningfulness is the concept used to describe a deeper meaning of work. The theoretical framework is based upon three generalised work aims, working for: 1) Financial resources. 2) Social needs and the need for self fulfilment. 3) Other people’s needs. The result shows that on an individual level the midwives experienced meaning in their work due to its changeable nature, which includes variations in tempo and encounters with different colleagues and patients. The meaning of work on a societal level was to create positive experiences among patients based on how there were treated. Good treatment generates positive images of the health care system and also of having children. Experiences of meaningfulness are based in the patient´s need for the midwives competence, and their involvement in other people’s unique life experience. Midwives value working for other people and benefiting society; this gives them an altruistic attitude towards work. They work with the intimacies of life, and their role influences other people’s lives, which contributes to the midwives feeling of having a meaningful job.

  • 222.
    Berlin, Johan
    et al.
    Department of Social and Behavioral Studies, University West, Trollhättan.
    Carlström, Eric
    Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Sandberg, Håkan
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Models of teamwork: ideal or not? A critical study of theoretical team models2012In: Team Performance Management, ISSN 1352-7592, E-ISSN 1758-6860, Vol. 18, no 5, p. 328-340Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. There is a tendency in team research to employ concepts of stepwise models, reaching from the primitive to the excellent, to suggest that a higher level of evolution is better than the basic and simple. This tendency includes typologies of teams. This article aims to question the relevance of this view.

    Design/methodology/approach. Data were collected in three steps. In the first step, articles and books analyzing teams and teamwork from stepwise analytic models were collected. In the second step the collected data were classifies into different themes. Each stepwise model was classified inte one essential denomination. This classification resulted in eight themes. In the third step each theme was analyzed, which led to the fusion of some of the themes.

    Findings.The conclusion is that a synchronous, complementary or mature team is not necessarily optimal. Contrary to this, a differentiated, sequential or multi team approach can be optimal for some purposes. Team research needs to establish a more open, inductive and critical attitude than at present.

    Originality/value. The paper highlights the need to observe and use team theories in a balanced and critical way.

    Keywords. Team, team working,team models, stepwise models, theoretical models, critical study, modelling

    Paper type. Conceptual paper

  • 223.
    Berner, S.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Biela, S.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Ledung, G.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Gogoll, A.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Bäckvall, J.E.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Puglia, C.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Oscarsson, S.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Biology and Chemical Engineering.
    Activity boost of a biomimetic oxidation catalyst by immobilization onto a gold surface2006In: Journal of Catalysis, ISSN 0021-9517, Vol. 244, no 1, p. 86-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thiol-functionalized cobalt porphyrins were used as a model system for investigating catalytic activity in homogeneous and heterogeneous oxidation catalysis. Self-assembled monolayers of thiol-functionallized cobalt porphyrins were prepared on a gold surface and served as heterogeneous catalysts. These immobilized molecules prevented the strong inactivation observed for their homogeneous congener. As a result, the turnover number per molecule in heterogeneous catalysis was at least 100 times higher than that of the corresponding homogeneous catalyst. It is atypical for a heterogenized catalyst to outperform its homogeneous congener. The properties of the molecular layers were characterized on the molecular level by means of X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The results demonstrate that the performance of these biomimetic catalysts can be dramatically improved if the catalyst arrangement can be controlled on the molecular level.

  • 224.
    Berner, S.
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lidbaum, H.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Ledung, G.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Åhlund, J.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Nilson, K.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Schiessling, J.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Gelius, U.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Bäckvall, J.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Puglia, C.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Oscarsson, Sven
    Mälardalen University, Department of Biology and Chemical Engineering.
    Electronic and structural studies of immobilized thiol-derivatized cobalt porphyrins on gold surfaces2007In: Applied Surface Science, ISSN 0169-4332, Vol. 253, no 18, p. 7540-7548Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The immobilisation of thiol-derivatized cobalt porphyrins on gold surfaces has been studied in detail by means of combined scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). S-thioacetyl has been used as a protective group for the thiol. Different routes for deprotection of the acetyl groups were performed in acidic and in basic conditions. The results show the formation of monolayer films for the different preparation schemes. The immobilisation of the molecules on the gold surface takes place through the thiol-linkers by the formation of multiple thiolate bonds. In the case of layers formed with protected porphyrins approximately 60% of the linkers are bonded to the gold surface whereas for deprotected layers the amount of bonded linkers is increased up to about 80%. STM measurements revealed that the molecules arrange in a disordered overlayer and do not exhibit mobility on the gold surface. Annealing experiments have been performed in order to test the stability of the porphyrin layers. Disordered patterns have been observed in the STM images after annealing at T= 400 degrees C. XPS revealed that the sulphur content disappeared completely after annealing at T= 180 degrees C and that the molecules did undergo significant modifications.

  • 225.
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    et al.
    Stockholm Univ.
    Isaksson, Kerstin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bellaagh, Katalin
    Minist Hlth & Social Affairs Sweden.
    Patterns of contract motives and work involvement in temporary work: Relationschips to work-related and general well-being2008In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 565-591Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Temporary work is characterized by heterogeneity, and contract motives and work involvement are believed to differentiate temporary workers, which may explain their divergence in terms of subjective well-being. Applying a person-oriented approach using questionnaire data from a sample of Swedish temporary workers (N = 184), this study identified six patterns, characterized by distinct combinations of voluntary and involuntary contract motives and work involvement. While controlling for demographics, comparative analyses found differences between these patterns in terms of work-related and general well-being. These findings indicate that knowledge about temporary work and its various consequences is enhanced by considering whole patterns instead of single variables in a person-oriented approach.

  • 226.
    Bernson, Jenny
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Odontology, Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R.-M.
    Halmstad University, School of Social and Health Sciences.
    Elfström, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    University of Gothenburg, Institute of Odontology, Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry.
    “Making dental care possible – a mutual affair”: A grounded theory relating to adult patients with dental fear and regular dental treatment2011In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 119, no 5, p. 373-380Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dental fear is a common and widespread problem, which can cause severe stress. Even so, most patients with dental fear undergo regular dental treatment in spite of their fear and many enjoy good oral health. The aim of this study was to obtain a deeper understanding of how patients with dental fear manage to undergo dental treatment. Fourteen patients with dental fear, who undergo regular dental care, were interviewed. Qualitative analysis of the transcribed interviews was performed according to the principles of grounded theory. A conceptual framework was generated, and the main concern was identified as making dental care possible – a mutual affair. Four additional categories explained how patients handled their dental fear and how dental care became possible. The strategies were labelled taking part in a mental wrestling match, trust-filled interaction with dental staff, striving for control and seeking and/or receiving social support. The results showed that making dental care possible for patients with dental fear is a mutual challenge that requires interplay between dental staff and patients, involving verbal and non-verbal communication reflecting respect, attention, and empathy. Moreover, a balance between nearness and distance and between professional and personal treatment is required.

  • 227.
    Besovic, Merima
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Gocic, Aleksandar
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Takacs, Barbara
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
     Kundkort - hur påverkar de oss?: En på-stan-undersökning2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Olika faktorer skiljer individens köpbeteende och dess val av produkter. Antalet företag som erbjuder lojalitetsprogram i form av kundkort är många och kundkortets funktioner utvecklas ständigt. Tidigare forskning har visat både positiva och negativa resultat/attityder gentemot kundkort. Majoriteten av de tidigare granskade studierna som är baserade utifrån kundperspektiv visade oftast negativa resultat gällande kundkort och dess påverkan på kunders köpbeteende. Studier som däremot är utförda ur företagsperspektiv har dock visat positiva resultat/attityder. Det saknas tidigare forskning kring faktorer som livssituationer och hur dessa grupper påverkas av kundkortet, då tidigare forskning baserats på faktorer såsom ålder och kön. För att gå till grund med de delade meningarna ansåg vi att det behövdes en undersökning ur ett kundperspektiv som visar hur kundkorten påverkar kundernas köpbeteende inom livsmedelshandeln.

  • 228.
    Bigdeli Azad, Fatemeh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Khatir, Morvarid
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Energieffektivitet och kvalitet på inomhusluft i radon förorenade bostadshus2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To build a sustainable future should we first understand that; every aspect of our daily lives can affect the environment. It’s important that we take responsibility for understanding how we impact the environment and change our actions accordingly. The worlds total energy consumption equivalent to 80 million MWh / year. This corresponds to about 220 million MWh / day.Energy consumption is one of the main reasons for increased greenhouse gases when the reduction of this consumption has a great demand worldwide.In order to prevent the energy that consumed the buildings must be energy efficient but there is a conflict between radon ventilation and energy conservation in a building, given that ventilation can consume as much energy (currently 29-59% of energy-efficient houses use), especially in a cold climate as in Norway. This project can provide a solution to such conflicts.

  • 229.
    Binnerstam, Anneli
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Arbetstillfredsställelse och intention att byta arbete bland omsorgspersonal inom Sol och LSS2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom omsorgsyrket styrs arbertsinsatserna utav lagar. Syftet var att se i en enkätundersökning om det förelåg någon skillnad i arbetstillfredsställelse mellan personal som arbetar under LSS (Lagen om stöd och service till vissa funktionshindrade) respektive personal under SoL (Socialtjänstlagen) samt att belysa vilka faktorer som påverkade personalens intentinoer att byta arbete. Studiens kvalitativa del syftade till att genom intervjuer visa hur cheferna uppfattar personalens arbetssituation. En hypotes var att personal under LSS upplever högre arbetstillfredsställelse än personal under SoL då LSS är en mer förmånlig lag. Studien utfördes på 84 omsorgsarbetare och tre chefer i en mindre kommun. Resultatet visade ingen egentlig avvikelse i arbetstilfredsställelse mellan lagarna men att organisationskultur är den starkaste prediktorn för intention att byta arbete.

  • 230.
    Binte Ruslan, Sriyuni
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Wan, Yi Ting
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    International Entrepreneur:  A Network Approach in Market Entry Process in Sweden2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Globalisation and technology creates an impact in the business world an economy thus leadsmany countries, such as Sweden to encourage foreign investments in their nation by promotion and providing assistance. This phenomenon brings about not only a global market place for firms but also opportunities for individual entrepreneurs with wider business horizon. In this thesis, these individuals are defined as international entrepreneurs. Without prior resources and business networks as of established firms, it is undeniable that an international entrepreneur would face various difficulties when they start their businesses away from home. Networking can be an important tool in gaining opportunities and resources in starting a business abroad thus it may be essential for international entrepreneurs to play a leading role in accessing networks in the hosting country to gain resources. Networks contribute to the dynamism of market entry. Market entry is not just described as ways of entry but could be described as a process and it could be illustrated in three phases: “Opportunity-seeking phase”, “Establishment phase” and “Realized Process phase”

    Purpose: The purpose of this dissertation is to understand “how international entrepreneurs managed market entry process in network approach in Sweden”.

    Method: A qualitative method approach has been used to achieve the purpose of the thesis. For gaining a better understanding of the topic, authors chose case study and conducted semi-structured interviews to collect data and analyzed it to draw a conclusion.

    Conclusion: The case study led us to find out an inter relations in the growing number and changes of types of networks as the market entry process reached its point of realisation. Further to that, there are some similarities in foreign market entry process of an established firm as compared to an individual entrepreneur, the difference being the types of networks.

    Contribution: This thesis would create a better understanding on individual entrepreneurs venturing overseas in particular, the Swedish market. As the focus is on market entry process in networks perspective, this research could benefit potential entrepreneurs and business students.

  • 231.
    Birgersson, Patrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Nordmark, Anton
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Richert, Petter
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Framtidens Applikationsanvändande: Ett samarbete med Mälarenergi2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Hur kan Mälarenergi öka kundernas användande av mobilapplikationen och förbättra kommunikationen genom utveckling av denna?                     

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka och kartlägga potentialen för det framtida användandet av Mälarenergis applikation för mobiltelefoner och ge förslag på en kampanjidé.

    Metod: De metoder som använts i denna studie är kvalitativa intervjuer och kvantitativ datainsamling som skett via en enkätundersökning. Information har hämtats in från Mälarenergis och konkurrenters hemsidor. Vi har även använt oss av relevant litteratur och vetenskapliga artiklar.

    Slutsats: Slutsatsen i denna studie är att Mälarenergi behöver en ny applikation, en applikation med fler funktioner som tilltalar kunderna samt en mer omfattande marknadsföring. Nya funktioner och tävlingar kommer bidra till att användandet av applikationen ökar och genom det bildas en tätare kommunikation mellan Mälarenergi och kund.

  • 232.
    Birkson, Madeleine
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Erikols Wetterfall, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Larsson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    ISO 9001: En fallstudie om hur de ständiga förbättringarna, som är införda i företagets verksamhetssystem, är anpassade efter medarbetarna2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    MPC is the company Exova Metech’s operating system that contains all the information needed for the company's objectives and guidelines to permeate the company. How changes in the MPC should be communicated with the company's employees can be seen as problematic. Routines that have been changed in practice, the process owners do not always update in the MPC, it leads to that the employees can not ensure that duties are performed properly. It is therefore important that management takes its responsibility by providing updated information. The management´s commitment is also important to utilize employees' capabilities and create understanding of quality management that is lacking to some extent today. Methods for measuring employee motivation and knowledge, creates the conditions for an innovative environment.

  • 233.
    Bjelevac, Belma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Emet, Ida
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Sambandet mellan redovisning och beskattning: Införandet av verkligt värde och dess påverkan på dubbelbeskattningen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Datum: 2011-06-10

    Titel: Sambandet mellan redovisning och beskattning – Införandet av verkligt värde och dess påverkan på dubbelbeskattningen

    Lärosäte: Mälardalens högskola

    Institution: Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling

    Kurs: Magisteruppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 hp (FÖA400)

    Författare: Belma Bjelevac och Ida Emet

    Handledare: Leif Carlsson

    Examinator: Cecilia Lindh

    Problemformuleringar: 1. Hur kan dubbelbeskattningen upprätthållas vid införandet av verkligt värde i företagens redovisning?

    2. I och med upprätthållandet av dubbelbeskattningen vid införandet av verkligt värde, hur kan:

    a) den administrativa bördan förhindras att öka?

    b) redovisningens kvalitet utvecklas utifrån detta?

    3. Varför har inte ett enat beslut gällande sambandet mellan redovisning och beskattning kunnat tas?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att ge en överblick över problematiken som uppkommer med upprätthållande av dubbelbeskattningen vid införande av verkligt värde då ett samband mellan redovisning och beskattning råder, samt hur detta påverkar den administrativa bördan och hindrar utvecklingen av redovisningens kvalitet. Vidare är syftet att undersöka varför en lagändring ännu inte har skett som tillåter redovisning till verkligt värde.

    Metod: Uppsatsen är en deduktiv studie som har utförts genom att primärdata har samlats in via kvalitativa intervjuer med fyra olika personer som är insatta i ämnet. Sekundärdata har insamlats från böcker, vetenskapliga artiklar samt från SOU 2008:80. Analysens struktur har utgått från de intervjufrågor som ställts till intervjupersonerna och slutsatser har sedan dragits utifrån de problemformuleringar som uppsatsen grundats på.

    Slutsats: Dubbelbeskattningen kommer att kunna lösas oavsett om det föreligger ett samband eller inte. För att den administrativa bördan ska hållas nere är det bäst med ett samband. Dock för att redovisningens kvalitet ska kunna utvecklas är det bäst med en frikoppling. En prioritering mellan dessa måste ske. Oenighet råder kring vilket alternativ som är det bästa, varför inte ett enat beslut kunnat tas.

    Nyckelord: Administrativ börda, beskattning, dubbelbeskattning, frikoppling, redovisning, redovisningens kvalitet, Sverige, SOU 2008:80

  • 234.
    Bjelevac, Belma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Emet, Ida
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Karamehmedovic, Hana
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Verkligt värde: Hur tillämpas verkligt värde på förvaltningsfastigheter i förvaltningsbolags koncernredovisning?2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Datum: 2010-06-03

    Kurs: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 hp (FÖA300)

    Lärosäte: Mälardalens högskola, Västerås

    Institution: Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling

    Titel: Verkligt värde -Hur tillämpas verkligt värde på förvaltningsfastigheter i förvaltningsbolags koncernredovisning?

    Författare: Belma Bjelevac, Ida Emet, Hana Karamehmedovic

    Handledare: Riitta Lehtisalo

    Examinator: Cecilia Lindh

    Problemformulering: Vilka värderingsmetoder finns för fastställandet av verkligt värde och vilken är den vanligast förekommande samt mest lämpliga metoden idag hos de undersökta fastighetsbolagen?

    Hur förhåller sig de undersökta bolagen till begreppen försiktighetsprincipen och rättvisande bild vid värdering av deras förvaltningsfastigheter till verkligt värde?

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att genom en empirisk undersökning få en ökad insikt om hur de undersökta fastighetsbolagen i sin koncernredovisning fastställer och redovisar det verkliga värdet på sina förvaltningsfastigheter.

    Metod: Uppsatsen bygger på en kvalitativ undersökning genomförd med hjälp av mejlintervjuer med tre fastighetsbolag samt studerande av deras årsredovisningar.

    Slutsats: De undersökta bolagen tillämpar en avkastningsbaserad metod, vilken kan ses som mest lämplig i den rådande ekonomiska situationen. Verkligt värde speglar en mer rättvisande bild än vid värdering till anskaffningsvärde, dock tas inte hänsyn till försiktighetsprincipen i lika stor utsträckning.

    Nyckelord: Försiktighetsprincipen, förvaltningsfastighet, IAS 40, rättvisande bild, verkligt värde

  • 235.
    Bjureland, William
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Uttorkning av lera: Orsaker och följder2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 236.
    Bjureland, William
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Uttorkning av lera: Orsaker och följder2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    When building a house or similar the stress on the ground increases and deformations can arise. The deformations create a foundation that the building is not constructed for and damages on the building arise. The increased stress on the ground can be derived back to the building, but it is possible that the increased stress may well derive from different sources such as other buildings or trees.      

     

    The building is an older property, built in the late 19th century alternatively early 20th century, and is today used for rental housing and has suffered severe damages due to subsidence. The goal of the thesis is to find possible causes for these subsidences.

     

    The thesis was executed as a combination between literature- and casestudie.

     

    After careful studies it has been found that a probable cause for these subsidences is trees. Through field- and lab studies it has been found that the trees has effected the ground through there accumulation of water. This has caused the soil to dry up and subsidence’s has probably arisen through the decrease in pore pressure due to the disappearing of water. This, however, needs to be proven by further studies of pore pressures in the area.

  • 237.
    Bjälevik, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Magnusson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    How to be successful in the sports agent business2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    What is a sports agent and what does a sports agent do? This is described in the thesis, through an explanation of the different functions and characteristics. It is also discussed how to use these functions and characteristics in the best way so that the sports agent can reach success. The complex concept “success” is also discussed so that it is adapted to this thesis and the profession of sports agents. Furthermore, the thesis contains recommendations of how to be successful in the sports agent business.

  • 238.
    Björk, Henrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Gustavsson, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    CSR som konkurrenskraft: En fallstudie av Samhall2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 239.
    Björk, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Processen att framställa en funktionell galleria: Klöverns kommunikation med involverade parter under processen att starta upp Postgallerian2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report is about the communication between the real estate owner and the other involving parties under the project of establish a successfully mall in Västerås, Sweden. The purpose of this report is that the reader will get a survey of how the communication have been between the real estate’s owner Klövern, the tenant who already lives in the building and the ones how are interesting of moving in to the new mall named Postgallerian. Hopefully it will lead to inspiration of how you could carry out the communication to the involving parties under a project who occur in a real estate where their already are some tenant´s renting. The report starts whit a summary of why and how the project start. Interviews have been done with everybody who rents in the building under the building project occurred to get an insight of what they experience when a big rebuilding occurred in the house they rent in. A summary of these interviews are in the report along with some suggestion of how a god relationship can establish whit tenant´s who rent in the building your about to do some rebuilding in. Contact have also establish with companies who wanted to rent an area in Postgallerian but for some reason didn’t do it and with the once who sign the contract and moved in. Analyses of why some of the companies decided to rent and some didn´t are discussed in the report. In this project Klövern decided to hire a consult how helped them to find candidates for renting in Postgallerian, analyze if that was a good or bad decision is in this report. It also brings up what the difference is between the consult and Klöverns way of finding companies how are interesting in renting in Postgallerian.

  • 240.
    Björklund, Malin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Forsström, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Påverkas attityden till ett annat land av informerandeprincipen och nyheternas inramning?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Medias rapportering av nyheter är frekvent och forskning visar att vi påverkas av dess utformning. På vilka sätt detta sker är mer otydligt. Föreliggande studie syftade till att undersöka medias eventuella inflytande och dess kraft att styra läsarnas attityd till ett annat land genom inramning och val av information. Påverkas individer av nyheter som är avsiktligt inramade och där informerandeprincipen kan förväntas träda in? Studenter (N = 90) från en svensk högskola testades via fiktiva nyhetsartiklar i fem versioner. Inramningen varierades med affirmerande och förnekande manipulationsmeningar, med en neutral version som kontrollgrupp. Deltagarna fick sedan skatta påståenden i en för ändamålet utformad enkät. Resultaten visade några intressanta skillnader, men ytterligare forskning behövs för att säkra slutsatser ska kunna dras.

    Key words: framing, informativeness principle, newspaper media, attitude

  • 241.
    Björklund, Stefan
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Microtubule associated proteins 1B and 1S: interactions with NR1 and NR3A2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    In previous studies the carboxyl-terminus of microtubule-associated protein 1S was shown to interact with the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunit NR3A (Eriksson et. al.)1.  In this study, interactions between three truncations of the microtubule-associated proteins 1B and one truncation of the microtubule-associated protein 1S carboxyl-terminus and the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor subunits NR1 and NR3A were examined. The study showed that an interaction occurred between amino acids 2167 to 2365 of the microtubule-associated protein 1B and NR3A.  That region of microtubule associated protein 1B corresponds to a microtubule-binding region in the light chain. It has been shown in earlier studies (Reviewed in Halpain S. et a12, Riederer, BM.  et.al3.) that the light chain is a active part of the protein that have been post translational cleaved. The MAP 1 proteins are present in all tissue but has higher concentrations in the Post Synaptic Density of neurons in the central nervous system.  The N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors are present in glial cells and in the dendritic shafts of the central nervous system neurons (Eriksson et. al.)1 . The diseases were these proteins may play a part is mainly memory destructive diseases such as Alzheimers disease and in muscular dystrophy, but these assumptions are still being speculated.

     

  • 242.
    Björkman, Hanna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Jansson, Josefin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hållbarhetsstrategier i en infrastrukturindustri: En studie om Skanska och dess CR strategier2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This bachelor thesis in business economics raises the topic about Corporate Responsibility (CR), this topic is currently being discussed in a variety of channels and today an increasing number of companies are involved in corporate responsibility. How do Skanska work with sustainability and why are they doing this? It is also important to see the results of the work with sustainability will lead to. We will go into more depth in one of Skanska's projects, project M25, to investigate the CR strategies they use and see how they actually work with sustainability. The purpose of this paper is to describe and analyze how and why Skanska is working to implement CR policies in their operations and more specifically from the M25 project in order to achieve sustainable business development. Our main questions is; how and why does Skanska implement sustainability in their business and in the project M25 and what can the outcome of this sustainability lead to? The study is based on a qualitative method, we performed both an unstructured personal interview and a semi-structured interview. This is to get a deeper understanding of how and why the company Skanska is working on sustainability. We have done a literature study and we selected different theories and also used various documents from Skanska. Our conclusion is that Skanska uses several different strategies to achieve sustainable business development, for example, they have developed their own voluntary rules, follow different directives and standards and they have developed various techniques and tools. The conclusions we have drawn is that Skanska is working actively to identify its stakeholders and also takes account of stakeholders who do not have a direct link to the business. They work in a proactive manner through education, investigation and monitoring to achieve a sustainable business. Skanska has agreed that they are part of a larger context in which they affect individuals and agents. Skanska and the society will receive various benefits depending on which CR strategies Skanska uses.

  • 243.
    Björkman, Mathias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Strömberg, Joakim
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Arena(s) Personal - ett självklart val?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problem

    Arena Personal har upplevt att deras rekryteringstjänst inte används i

    samma utsträckning som deras bemanningstjänst. Detta trots att de

    anser sig kunna erbjuda en bra tjänst inom detta område. Arena

    Personal vet inte säkert vad orsaken till detta är och vill därför ha svar på problemet. Orsaken till ovissheten grundar sig i att de inte har tillräckligt med kunskap om hur kunderna uppfattar dem.

    Syfte

    Uppsatsen syfte är att utvärdera hur kunderna upplever Arena

    Personal. Utifrån undersökningens resultat ges Arena Personal en

    fördjupad inblick i de områden som upplevs som bra och i de områden

    som upplevs som sämre samt svar på varför kunderna inte använder

    rekrytering i samma utsträckning som bemanning.

    Tillvägagångssätt

    Intervjuer med fyra av Arena Personals kunder genomfördes och

    sammanställdes för att få en bild av hur de uppfattade Arena Personal.

    Resultatet av de viktigaste positiva och negativa aspekterna av Arena

    Personal presenterades utifrån de fyra områden som undersökningen

    utgick ifrån. Dessa aspekter analyserades sedan med hjälp av relevant

    teori som förstärkte analysen och möjliggjorde en djupare förståelse av resultatet.

    Uppfattningen om Arena Personal

    Kundernas uppfattning om Arena Personal är att de överlag är ett bra bemanningsföretag. De områden som upplevs som bäst är relationen

    som kunderna har med Arena Personal samt flexibiliteten och

    smidigheten i leveransen av personal. Området som upplevs som sämst

    är kompetensen vid rekryteringar och matchningen av personal.

  • 244.
    Björkskog, Christofer
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Säkras offentlighetsprincip och insyn vid privatisering av vård- och omsorgsenheter?: -en jämförande utvärdering av en kommuns respektive ett landstings upphandlingar.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I den allmänna debatten kan vi återkommande läsa och ta del av medborgares tyckanden och tänkanden kring stundande eller redan genomförda privatiseringar inom den allmänna vård och omsorgen. Utifrån den allmänna diskursen och den tidigare forskningen kring fenomenet privatisering inom det offentliga Sverige har frågor väckts om hur man inför dessa nya driftsformer säkerställer folkliga värdegrunder som offentlighetsprincip och insyn. Redan i de inledande delarna av upphandlingsdokumenten som de båda huvudmännen, Sala Kommun och Västmanlands läns landsting, upprättat framgår en intressant olikhet i fråga om begreppsinnebörd och tolkning. Allmänt förhåller sig båda fallens avtalsregleringar mycket detaljerade och utförliga. Sammanfattningsvis har denna studie visat att såväl offentlighetsprincip som insyn säkras under upphandling.

  • 245.
    Björkskog, Christofer
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Oinas, Rami
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kan graden av empatisk förmåga predicera utbrändhet hos lärare?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har påvisat en signifikant positiv korrelation mellan empati och utbrändhet bland personal inom omvårdnadsrelaterade yrken. Utbrändhet anses överlag vara ett problem inom alla yrken. Läraryrket kan medföra omtanke om elever samt ansvarstagande och ses ibland som ett mycket stressfyllt arbete. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om lärares empatiska förmågor går att utpeka som relevanta faktorer vid predicering av utbrändhet. Studien uppmätte empatisk förmåga med enkätfrågor ur Pers Q och nyttjade det validerade instrumentet MBI-GS för att mäta den självupplevda graden av utbrändhet. I motsats till tidigare forskning visade denna studie på signifikanta, negativa samband mellan empatifaktorerna och graden av upplevd utbrändhet. Studien hade en kvantitativ ansats och omfattade 137 respondenter med ett lågt internt bortfall.

  • 246.
    Björkvall, Joacim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Sternå, Gustav
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Persson, Olof
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    All-in eller Fold?: En studie om poker i mobiltelefonen som extratjänst2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Date

    2009-01-13

    Level

    Bachelor thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS

    Authors

    Joacim Björkvall 861009

    Olof Persson 830720

    Gustav Sternå 830129

    Tutor

    Claes Jonsson

    Title

    ”All-in eller fold?” – En studie om intresset för poker i mobiltelefonen som extratjänst

    Problem

    -Is there an interest for poker in the cell phone as an extra service, and which type of person would then be interested?

    -What could interfere with the intention to play poker in the cell phone?

    Purpose

    To find out whether there is an interest for poker in the cell phone among Swedish college students and which type of person this product could be aimed for. Furthermore the authors will investigate what could interfere with the intention to play poker in the cell phone.

    Method

    A quantitative research was carried out on students at Mälardalen University. Data was collected by using a web survey with fixed answers to determine the interest of the students towards the different attributes of poker in the cell phone.

    Conclusion

    The general interest for poker in the cell phone among students was relatively low, although you can distinguish some persons who are more interested than others. Men at the age of 22-25 turned out to be a group with a strong attitude towards poker in general. Among these it turned out that singles with an extra income were the persons with the highest possibility to play poker in the cell phone. Security turned out to be the strongest reason why students don’t have the intention of playing poker in the cell phone. Uncertainty and the lack of adjustment seemed to be important factors, and also the lack of social relations turned out to affect the intention.

     

  • 247. Blanco, A.
    et al.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kappen, J.
    Manninen, J.
    Negro, C.
    Ritala, R.
    Use of modelling and simulation in the pulp and paper industry2009In: Mathematical and Computer Modelling of Dynamical Systems, ISSN 1387-3954, E-ISSN 1744-5051, Vol. 15, no 5, p. 409-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In pulp and paper the modelling and simulation of the pulp production processes was the first major application. Since then several other applications have been realised though papermaking has never been on the lead concerning the use of computer-based modelling and simulation. The complex nature of the materials is one of the most demanding challenges and the biggest hurdle for any electronic description of the papermaking process or paper itself. So other industries took the lead and it is now for the paper industry to learn from these industries what can be done with the help of computers to control or optimise processes or to design new grades. The application of results gained with the use of modelling and simulation techniques in pulp and paper manufacturing processes has helped the industry to, for example, reduce emissions and increase the productivity and cost-efficiency of the processes. Still there are many important tasks open. A better understanding of the mechanisms of the processes and their control loops has to be achieved in order to further improve the paper quality, stabilise the wet-end chemistry, and enhance the runnability. Important features to be developed are new process designs, efficient process monitoring and systems that offer decision support during operation. In this paper a review of the state of the art on modelling and simulation in the pulp and paper industry is presented as well as further research needs.

  • 248. Blanco, Angeles
    et al.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kappen, Johannes
    Manninen, Jussi
    Negro, Carlos
    Rittala, Risto
    Chapter 12: Modelling and simulation in the Pulp and Paper Industry: Current state and future perspectives2006In: Handbook of Control Room Design and Ergonomics: A Perspective for the Future / [ed] Toni Ivergård and Brian Hunt, Taylor & Francis Group, 2006, 2nd, p. 311-326Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 249.
    Blarke, Morten B
    et al.
    Aalborg University.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Intermittency-friendly and high-efficiency cogeneration: Operational optimisation of cogeneration with compression heat pump, flue gas heat recovery, and intermediate cold storage2011In: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 36, no 12, p. 6867-6878Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper develops, implements, and applies a mathematical model for economic unit dispatch for a novel cogeneration concept (CHP-HP-FG-CS (CHP with compression heat pump and cold storage using flue gas heat)) that increases the plant's operational flexibility. The CHP-HP-FG-CS concept is a high-efficiency and widely applicable option in distributed cogeneration better supporting the co-existence between cogenerators and intermittent renewables in the energy system. The concept involves integrating an efficient high-temperature compression heat pump that uses only waste heat recovered from flue gases as low-temperature heat source, and an intermediate cold thermal storage allowing for non-concurrent operation of the cogeneration unit and the heat pump unit. The model is applied for a paradigmatic case study that shows how the integration of a heat pump affects the operational strategy of a cogeneration plant. It is found that CHP-HP-FG-CS offers significant reductions in fuel consumption (-8.9%) and operational production costs (-11.4%). The plant's fuel-to-energy efficiency increases from 88.9 to 95.5%, which is state-of-the-art. The plant's intermittency-friendliness coefficient Rc improves only marginally due to the constrained nature of the low-temperature heat source and the associated small capacity of the heat pump unit. Significant improvements in Rc are found when increasing the heat pump capacity assuming the availability of an unconstrained heat source

  • 250.
    Blomberg, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Mobbning är ett farligt och smittsamt virus” – metaforer som retorisk resurs i berättelser2012In: Livsberättelser: mening och identitet i tid och rum: / [ed] Karlsson, M. & Pérez P.H., Karlstad: Karlstads universitet , 2012, p. 43-57Chapter in book (Other academic)
2345678 201 - 250 of 2336
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