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  • 101.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Integrated Model of Innovative Competence2017Ingår i: Journal of Creativity and Business Innovation, ISSN 2351-6186, Vol. 3, s. 140-169Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This conceptual article contributes to understanding of individual innovative competence by providing a comprehensive view of the concept, integrating different theories from innovation management into one model and linking it to the theory from studies of competence, where Illeris (2013) competence model is taken as the base. The contribution of this article is to fill the gap in existing innovation management theory where most researchers focus only on specific dimensions of innovative competence. The proposed integrated model of innovative competence was developed based on a systematic literature review, using the ISI Web of Knowledge database for Social Science domain between 1980-2016, and different combinations of words “individual” and “innovation” with terms “competence”, “behavior”, “skill”, “attitude” and “trait”, as search words. It shows how individuals need to combine different knowledge, personality traits, functional and interactive skills to demonstrate innovative behavior in practice. There is a certain ambidexterity or two-sidedness in the elements of innovative competence that enables individual to move between exploration of opportunities and generation of ideas on one hand, and implementation and exploitation of ideas on the other. The model can be used in different ways, both in teaching and in organizations. Teachers can use it as a reflection tool to increase understanding of innovative competence among students, but also as the basis for developing practice-based curriculum for strengthening innovative competence among students. Organizations can use the model both as a support in recruiting innovative talent, assessing and developing innovation as a core competence among employees, and when forming innovative teams. 

  • 102.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. RISE SICS Västerås.
    Is this Choreography?: Choreographing conditions for innovative practice in everyday work2018Ingår i: Organisational Aesthetics, ISSN 2168-8575, Vol. 7, nr 1, s. 24-45Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article introduces some of the concepts from experimental contemporary dance and choreography, such as “body and materiality”, the “method of practice”, and “undoing everydayness”, that have not been addressed much in the “dance and organization” theory. It expands the application of dance methods from the predominant field of leadership practice towards the innovation management and development of innovative competence of employees in organizations. The concept of “body and materiality” suggests that employees could focus more on engaging the body and materiality when innovating in order to balance the external drivers of innovation (such as market trends, user needs, and increase of shareholder value) with their own needs, desires and well-being, but also to make use of the vast possibilities of embodied knowledge that is often excluded from innovation processes. The “method of practice” proposes to give more attention to the process rather than just the performance or result of innovating, using methods, such as “doing less” to create more time to reflect, finding “meaningful questions” to innovate around, and using “improvisation” as a method to develop new ideas through the practice of spontaneous experimentation. It shifts the idea from using innovative competence to perform a desired effect through prescribed top-down innovation projects towards developing innovative practice through durational bottom-up exploration. “Undoing everydayness” hints that innovation can come closer to everyday work routines of all employees, by challenging existing norms and combining critical thinking with exploration of potentiality in everyday work. Concrete examples of activities through which these concepts were materialized in a choreographic intervention at the Art of Management conference 2016 are described and their potential to be applied in organizations discussed. 

  • 103.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The impact of contemporary dance methods on innovative competence development2018Ingår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, ISSN 0148-2963, Vol. 85, s. 494-503Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The article presents a case of Swedish municipality to demonstrate how principles from contemporary dance and choreography can be used to design and implement long-term artistic interventions on strategic level and enable employees ́ innovative competence development. The study described is a 2-year participatory action research project with practice-based training for 22 innovation leaders from different parts of organization. The results show that dance-based methods enabled participants to develop different innovative skills and strengthened their innovative competence. Unique contributions of dance methods are highlighted with the focus on pro- viding a more humanistic and bottom-up approach to enabling innovation, balancing external organizational goals with the needs and drives of each individual. Choreographic tools provided an innovative frame of thinking about using body, movement, space and time in new ways in everyday work to enable individuals to feel better, develop their personal innovative practice and create conditions they need to be innovative. 

  • 104.
    Bozic, Nina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Culture for Radical Innovation: What can business learn from creative processes of contemporary dancers?2013Ingår i: Organizational Aesthetics, ISSN 2168-8575, Vol. 2, nr 1, s. 59-83Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Organizational culture is considered by several scholars to have a significant impact on the organization's capacity for innovation. However, there is little known about the specific aspects of organizational culture that facilitates radical innovation. This article investigates in what ways contemporary dancers ́ creative practice may contribute to our understanding as well as to the development of radical innovation in business. By interviewing twenty contemporary dancers and choreographers from different countries, we found five key elements that support their creative processes from idea to performance. These elements or categories are improvisation, reflection, personal involvement, diversity, and emergent supportive structures.

    An interesting finding is the dancers ́ approach to work and their mindset, characterized by iteration between improvisation and reflection, rather than working with pre-planned goals and structures. We argue that this approach imprints their working environment and the culture for radical innovation emerges through their way of thinking, acting and relating. This study presents a systematic framework that will provide the basis for long- term strategic artistic interventions in business in order to enable cultural transformation towards radical innovation. 

  • 105.
    Bozic Yams, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Dancing innovation: How can we use knowledge from contemporary dance to enable innovation in organisations?2014Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Dagens snabbföränderliga och globala miljö sätter både privata och offentliga organisationer under ökad press att ständigt förändra och anpassa sig för att kunna överleva och erbjuda meningsfulla tjänster och produkter till sina användare. Innovation är därför en pågående insats som inte bara är en fråga för FoU och produktutvecklingsavdelningar, utan är istället ett ansvar för alla anställda. Att tänka på hur produkter, tjänster, processer, metoder och affärsmodeller kan bli bättre eller ersättas med nya, blir en kärnkompetens som behövs i hela organisationen. Samtidigt som många organisationer i Sverige redan utvecklat en förmåga att förnya sig stegvis genom ständiga förbättringar, kämpar de ofta med så kallad radikal innovation där talang, kunskap och kompetens från alla anställda involveras. I den här avhandlingen utforskas hur organisationer kan göra det möjligt för anställda att stärka sin innovationsförmåga, från att vara inkrementellt till att bli mer i enlighet med radikal innovation.

    Insikter från samtida dansgrupper har använts för inspiration. Vi har studerat hur dansare arbetar i kreativa processer och vad som gör det möjligt för dem att gå från idéer till att utveckla ny föreställning. Eftersom det finns mycket lite litteratur kring sambandet mellan praxis inom samtida dans och innovation i organisationer, har vi sökt att bygga en egen modell utifrån empiriska data. I den första studien genomfördes 20 stycken semi-strukturerade intervjuer med koreografer från olika länder. Utifrån detta utvecklas en modell som innehåller viktiga faser, verktyg och möjliggörare i innovationsprocessen från ett koreografiskt perspektiv. Modellen har sedan jämförts med innovationsledningsteori och empiriska data från industrin för att identifiera likheter och skillnader när det gäller innovationskoncept och praxis, mellan samtida dans och näringslivet.

    I den andra studien testades modellen i praktiken genom deltagarbaserad forskning med 27 representanter från olika företag och den offentliga sektorn. Studien undersökte hur principer och metoder från samtida dans och koreografi kan tillämpas för att möjliggöra innovation i organisatoriska sammanhang och vilka effekter och begränsningar som finns när det gäller att använda kunskap från samtida dans för att möjliggöra innovation i organisationer.

    Det viktigaste bidraget till forskning som presenteras i denna avhandling är den konceptuella modellen av innovationsprocessen, verktyg och möjliggörare från ett koreografiskt perspektiv samt förslag på praktisk metod för att tillämpa den i organisatoriska sammanhang som har utvecklats som en del av forskningen. Flera exempel presenteras på hur verksamma i näringslivet och offentlig sektor upplevt dansbaserade metoder och sedan översatt dem till sin egen arbetsmiljö för att stödja innovation. 

  • 106.
    Bredberg, Sofia
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Den stora produktionen i den lilla fabriken: En fallstudie om Leans påverkan på platsbrist2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I en plåtbearbetande verkstad norr om Stockholm, upplevs en platsbrist så akut att företaget överväga att bygga ut lokalerna. Då utbyggnad dröjer vill de utvärdera alternativa lösningar för platsbristen. Syftet är med denna studie är att studera situationen och utvärdera hur en implementering av Leanprinciperna slöseri elimnering, 5S och JIT skulle kunna påverka platsbristen samt hur det skulle kunna införas. Arbetet utförs för att visa på en alternativ lösning samt motivera personalen på företaget att förbättras.

    En fallstudie genomförs på företaget ovan beskrivet, där empiriska data samlats in genom observationer och intervjuer och sedan analyserades tematiskt mot den teoretiska referensramen.

    Den empiriska datan kategoriserades tematiskt och stort fokus lades på ordning, lager och flöde, men även utbildning, kvalitet och kommunikation.

    Studien kom fram till att höga nivåer av produkter i arbete och stora volymer av verktyg är grundorsakerna till platsbristen på företaget. Genom att applicera en slöserieliminerande strategi kan fallföretaget minska mängden lager, både produkter i arbete och färdigvarulager, samt minska behovet för lagringsplatser som uppkommer på grund av flödets väg genom verkstaden, vilket i sin tur minskar platsbristen. Applicering av 5S skulle minska volymerna av verktyg och färdigvarulager, och JIT implementering skulle minska mängden produkter i arbete.

    Företaget rekommenderas börjar arbeta för att införa Leanprinciperna, samt skapa en kultur där alla på företaget tillsammans arbetar för att förbättra företaget.

  • 107.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Integrated portfolio planning of products and production systems2014Ingår i: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 155-174Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of the research presented is to analyse and discuss critical challenges related A to the development of a production system portfolio. Design/methodology/approach: The study employs a longitudinal case study of an industrialization project at a global supplier in the automotive industry. Findings: This research makes two clear theoretical contributions. First, it extends the existing research on the manufacturing and R&D interface by proposing an innovative structure for production system development facilitating manufacturing companies in their efforts of being fast and cost-effective when introducing new products to the market. Second, this research identifies challenges related to the adoption of a production system portfolio and the necessary actions of a manufacturing company applying such a portfolio strategy. Research limitations/implications: The findings should be seen as a first attempt at assisting the development of a production system portfolio that matches the product portfolio. However, since the findings are based on only one case, the findings are to some extent context-specific and thus need to be complemented by more research. Practical implications: The research unveils challenges related to production system development and provides managers with a better understanding of some of the implications of the adoption of a portfolio strategy. Originality/value: This empirical study is among the first to explore the implications of a production system portfolio strategy. It advances the understanding towards a fully integrated product and production system development.

  • 108.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Industrial Engineering and Management, School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden .
    Angelis, J.
    Warwick Business School, Warwick University, Coventry, United Kingdom .
    Information management for production system desingn with a new portfolio approach2011Ingår i: 21st International Conference on Production Research: Innovation in Product and Production, ICPR 2011 - Conference Proceedings, 2011Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    An effective management of information is vital for successful development of new products. However, knowledge is lacking about the management of information during production system design and its effects on innovation. This exploratory case study in the automotive industry furthers understanding of how management of information contributes to the design of robust and dynamic production systems that can handle changing production situations. The results from the case study indicate that the management of information should consider requirements of current and future production system generations facilitating a conscious planning of a production systems portfolio that corresponds to the product portfolio. This approach allows for new ways of designing production system concepts and production technology solutions, which also can accelerate the innovation capabilities of the manufacturing company.

  • 109.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bennett, David
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    COLLABORATIVE STRATEGIES FOR SUCCESSFUL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS2014Ingår i: International Conference of the International Association for Management of Technology IAMOT, Proceedings, Washington, United States, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Collaborative development between the user and the equipment supplier of production technology has an increasingly important effect in terms of generating innovative, sustainable, and unique production process ideas that can be easily ramped-up to high volume production. However, joint development of production technology is challenging and has received surprisingly limited attention. Against this background the objective of the paper is to explore collaborative challenges from the equipment suppliers and customers’ perspectives in production technology development projects, and to suggest strategies for how these challenges can be addressed. Empirically the results are based on multiple case studies from two manufacturing companies in Sweden (i.e. users) and two equipment suppliers, ensuring that the perspectives of both the user and supplier sides in production technology development projects are considered. Our findings show that the identified collaboration challenges do not only relate to inter-organizational development activities but also to the companies’ internal characteristics, i.e. the prerequisites for company collaboration. Internal characteristics have a clear impact on the ability to bridge the interface with the equipment supplier and thus to advance the collaboration in production technology development projects. Our findings underscore the importance of having intra and inter-organizational strategies to enhance the success related to collaboration in production technology development projects.

  • 110.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. School of Engineering, Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Core plant capabilities for competitive production development - a literature review2016Ingår i: 23rd EurOMA conference EUROMA 2016, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Although plant role issues have been discussed in a number of studies, there is limited insights in literature on the capabilities that are required for the core plant to be excellent. Drawing on a capability based perspective, the purpose of this paper is to deepen the understanding of core plant capabilities for competitive production development by analysing the multidisciplinary literature on the core plant concept. We synthesis our findings into a conceptual model that distinguishing capabilities required to be (come) and act as an excellent core plant and thus widen the core plant concept and offer several contributions.

  • 111.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Support for successful Production System Development: Handbook2015Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    For Swedish manufacturing companies active on the global market, high-performance production systems that contribute to the growth and competitiveness of the company are essential and one way to keep production in Sweden. Among a wide range of Swedish manufacturing companies it is becoming increasingly acknowledged that superior production system capabilities are crucial for competitive success. This being said, major attention has been paid to improving the operational performance of the production system. The focus in industry is mostly on the serial making of products, rather than on the prior development of the corresponding production system. At the end of the day, the real root cause of many problems and losses in production stem from issues that emanate from the development process of the production system. The potential of gaining a competitive edge by improving both the way the production system is developed and the way it is operated is hence ignored, even though it is a well-known fact that it is during the design phase that the most important decisions are made. In today’s industry, production system development is often still made ad hoc on the basis of past experiences and without any long-term perspective. If the production system is not designed in a proper way, it will eventually result in disturbances during both start-up and serial production. This leads to low capacity utilization, high production cost, and hence low profitability. To succeed, commitment is required as well as a shift in attention from the operations phase to the under-utilized potential of the design of production systems. The ideal outcome of production system development is the best possible production system that can easily be realized and is high-performing in operation. This will contribute to the growth and competitiveness of the company. To stay competitive, a shift in mind-set is required at many Swedish industries. Production system development is not only something that should work; it must be regarded as a competitive means and consequently be worked with systematically.

  • 112.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    User-supplier integration throughout the different lifecycle stages of the production equipment2014Ingår i: 6th Swedish Production Symposium SPS'14, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    As production equipment is often designed and built by equipment suppliers rather than made in-house, a collaborative buyer-supplier-relationship could be utilized in order to create robust solutions and enhance innovative ideas. The purpose with this paper is to explore critical user-supplier collaboration activities throughout the different lifecycle stages of the production equipment development. The purpose is accomplished by a literature review and a case study including more than 30 semi-structured interviews at four companies. The challenges vary depending on equipment life cycle phase and user/supplier perspective. A life cycle model with eight stages is proposed including critical interconnected activities for each stage.

  • 113.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    User-supplier collaboration in production equipment development – a lifecycle perspective2015Ingår i: 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference EurOMA15, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to refine existing theories on collaboration between users and suppliers in joint production equipment development projects by exploring critical collaboration activities throughout the lifecycle stages of the production equipment. By means of a literature review and a multiple case study of two equipment suppliers and two users, a lifecycle perspective on production equipment development is adopted. Our results show that collaboration intensity depends on the specific lifecycle stage of the production equipment. The contributions of this paper are illustrated in a developed lifecycle model in order to facilitate practitioners in organising critical collaboration activities.

  • 114.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Swanström, Lennart
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Development of Robust Production Equipment: A guide to strong collaboration between users and suppliers2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The result of today’s global and increasingly tough competition is narrow market windows and a demand for quick volume increases in production. This in turn means increased demands for a rapid and effective development of production equipment that ensures high performance right at the start of production. Robust production equipment with a high level of production efficiency and reduced costs for operation and maintenance therefore make up one of the most important factors for strong competitiveness and high profitability for Swedish industrial enterprises. Strong collaboration between users and suppliers is the key to success in this type of investment project. This handbook therefore presents a model that can be used by manufacturing companies who want to develop robust production equipment. The model and the other recommendations of the handbook focus on projects that are to be carried out in strong collaboration and are targeted at both users and suppliers. The model has been deve-loped through “EQUIP – User-supplier integration in production equipment design”, which has received funding from the Knowledge Foundation 2013–2016. The model consists of seven development phases based on the production equipment life cycle: Phase 1 – Preliminary study Phase 2 – Concept study Phase 3 – Procurement Phase 4 – Detailed design Phase 5 – Construction Phase 6 – Installation and commissioning Phase 7 – Production In each phase, critical activity steps and recommendations are presented for how to distribute responsibility within and between the parties involved. The model adopts a life cycle perspective for development projects in order to facilitate collaboration and to more clearly visualise the link between activities and their impact on the project success. Within the scope of an investment project, there is a great potential for developing sustainable production solutions. For this reason, this handbook also presents seven guidelines that may provide you with support in developing production equipment that remains secure, lean and sustainable throughout the equipment life cycle. The main purpose of the handbook is to facilitate collaboration through the whole investment project in a way that benefits both parties and which contributes to lasting relationships. The results of the research project show that there is a great interest in improved collaboration from both users and suppliers. For this reason, support, tools and preparedness from both parties are required to venture into investing time and resources in collaboration from the beginning, in the early phases of a new development project. This is then the potential to lay the foundation for long-term collaboration and for designing the best possible production equipment in the shortest time possible.

  • 115.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Rösiö, Carin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Granlund, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Swanström, Lennart
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Utveckling av Robust Produktionsutrustning: En guide för god samverkan mellan beställare och leverantör2016Rapport (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Av dagens globala och allt hårdare konkurrens följer korta marknadsfönster och krav på snabb volym- uppgång i produktion. Det innebär i sin tur ökade krav på snabb och effektiv utveckling av produktions- utrustning som säkerställer hög prestanda direkt vid produktionsstart. Robust produktionsutrustning med hög produktionseffektivitet och minskade kostnader för drift och underhåll är därför en av de viktigaste faktorerna för stark konkurrenskraft och hög lönsamhet för svenska industriföretag. God samverkan mellan beställare och leverantör är nyckeln till framgång i denna typ av investerings- projekt. Denna handbok presenterar därför en modell som kan användas av tillverkande företag som vill utveckla robust produktionsutrustning. Modellen och övriga rekommendationer i handboken fokuserar på projekt som ska genomföras i stark samverkan och riktar sig till både beställaren och leverantören. Den har utvecklats i forskningsprojektet ”EQUIP – kund- och leverantörsintegration i utformning av produktionsutrustning” som finansierats av KK-stiftelsen under 2013-2016. Modellen består av sju utvecklingsfaser som är baser- ade på produktionsutrustnings livscykel: Fas 1 – Förstudie Fas 2 – Konceptstudie Fas 3 – Upphandling Fas 4 – Detaljerad utformning Fas 5 – Uppbyggnad Fas 6 – Installation och driftsättning Fas 7 – Produktion I varje fas presenteras kritiska aktivitetssteg och rekommendationer för hur ansvaret för dessa bör fördelas inom och emellan deltagande parter. Modellen använder ett livscykelperspektiv för utvecklingsprojekt för att underlätta samverkan samt tydligare visualisera sambandet mellan aktiviteter och deras påverkan på projektets framgång. Inom ramen för ett investeringsprojekt finns stor potential att utveckla hållbara produktionslösningar. Därför presenterar denna handbok även sju guider som kan stödja er i att ta fram produktionsutrustning som är säker, lean och hållbar under hela utrustningens livscykel. Huvudsyftet med handboken är att underlätta samverkan under hela investeringsprojektet på ett sätt som gagnar båda parter och bidrar till varaktiga relationer. Forskningsprojektets resultat visar att det finns ett stort intresse för främjad samverkan från både beställ- are och leverantör. Därför behövs stöd, verktyg och beredskap från båda parter för att våga investera tid och resurser på samverkan redan från början, i de tidiga faserna av ett nytt utvecklingsprojekt. Det är då potentialen att lägga grunden till långsiktig samverkan och utforma bästa möjliga produktionsutrustning på kortast möjliga tid är som störst.

  • 116.
    Bruch, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    On the production location decision: A case study on process and criteria2014Ingår i: International Journal of Manufacturing Research, ISSN 1750-0591, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 74-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper explores the process and criteria used in production location decisions, based on a literature overview and a case study in a Swedish manufacturing company with a global production network. The data collection comprised interviews with top management and project management as well as a document analysis. The findings indicate that the production location decision process is facilitated by following a stepwise process with an initial strategic analysis with a broad scope including also the selection of the future production system concept.

  • 117.
    Byary, Hamza
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Framtagning av ett fästelementssystem2018Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on providing innovative solutions to assist workers lacking technical knowledge at Husmuttern AB to assemble its products. The Swedish company produces standardized building-sections that can be assembled to build model-houses, and other forms of buildings in mobile factories. The company’s vision is to provide opportunities for inexperienced labors and newcomers to Sweden, and so playing a positive role in integrating immigrants into the Swedish market and society. To actualize this ambition, this paper aims specifically at developing tools/products that assist unskilled workers to reduce the margin of errors in determining where and how the screws will be placed when combining the wooden beams and plywood boards, which form the building sections.

     

    Semis-structured interviews with workers at Husmuttern AB were conducted to identify problems associated with the working process. Ullman’s product-developing method was employed to develop the facilitative tools. Several concepts were developed and compared in an attempt to find the best solution for the given problem(s), and eventually two proposed products were presented: the first is a template where holes are located to mark where the screws should be placed. The other product is basically an inclined plane with a drill-guide to direct the screw in the correct gradient and prevent the screw from moving through the process.

  • 118.
    Bäckman, Tobias
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Utredning om konstruktion och beräkning för additiv tillverkning - Markforged2018Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande examensarbete är utfört av Tobias Bäckman mellan 2018-01-15 – 2018-06-01 på uppdrag av företaget Deva Mecaneyes. Deva Mecaneyes hade identifierat ett behov och ett möjligt användningsområde för additiv tillverkning baserat på en 3D-skrivare av modellen Markforged mark Two som de köpt in. Dock kvarstod det många frågetecken hur materialen i de utskrivna detaljerna beter sig, hur man skall konstruera mot denna tillverkningsmetod samt vilka tillämpningsområden som skulle kunna vara fördelaktiga. Vid uppstart av projektet identifierades de största begränsningarna till varför Deva Mecaneys inte implementerar 3D- utskrifter mer omfattande i deras konstruktionsarbete som delvis den bristande erfarenheten av additiva tillverkningsmetoder, men främst på grund av avsaknaden av trovärdig materialdata och beräkningsunderlag att tillämpa för fysiska 3D-utskrivna detaljer. Utifrån detta formulerades tre stycken forskningsfrågor. Dessa forskningsfrågor behandlar hur man skulle kunna ersätta traditionella tillverkningsmetoder, vilka materialsamband som är möjliga att identifiera samt vilka faktorer som bör tas hänsyn till vid konstruktion mot additiva tillverkningsmetoder.Huvuddelen av arbetet har därmed bestått av att producera materialdata för materialen som är kompatibla med Markforged Mark Two. Detta har skett baserat på ASTM-standarder som behandlar dragprover, böjprover och utmattningsprover.Två befintliga produkter från Deva Mecaneyes inom området lyftredskap valdes sedan ut för att omdesignas mot additiva tillverkningsmetoder. På så vis redovisas en alternativ väg att gå genom att ersätta de traditionella tillverkningsmetoderna med additiva tillverkningsmetoder. De omkonstruerade lyftredskapen tillverkades även för att dels verifieras mot den framtagna materialdatan men även för att redogöra förbättring alternativt försämring mot de befintliga lyftredskapen.De mätbara målen för arbetet var att kunna påvisa kostnads och tidsreducering med 50% genom att byta ut de traditionella tillverkningsmetoderna mot additiva tillverkningsmetoder. Resultatet påvisade två omkonstruerade lyftredskap med många förbättringsområden. Där framförallt en kostnadsreducering på cirka 80% respektive 90% identifierades.Under arbetets gång har ett antal materialsamband kunnat identifieras och nya erfarenheter angående utskrivna detaljer från Markforged Mark Two har uppstått. Författaren anser att arbetet, utöver de uppfyllda målen, har lagt en god grund till att börja förstå materialen mer och mer och därmed en god början till att börja erhålla en tillförlitlighet hos 3D-utskrivna detaljer som är en avgörande faktor till att börja ersätta vissa av de traditionella tillverkningsmetoderna.

  • 119.
    Bäckman, Tobias
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Ehmke, Gustav
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Utveckling av testsystem för Interface Test Adapter till Gripen ATE2016Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The work has been carried out as a product development project at Saab AB in Arboga, focusing on construction. Saab in Arboga develops test systems for JAS 39 Gripen, whose purpose is to verify all the contacts. This is done by using the test system, ATE.

    Before testing can begin, the wiring harness in the ITA must be verified. Currently this is done manually, and due to wiring extent, the risks of incorrect measurements are apparent. In addition to incorrect measuring, the extent of the wiring can also lead to incorrect wiring in production. These errors can result in the test system fails, which means great financial loss for the company.

    The project's aim was to develop an automated measurement process and produce a prototype, in order to verify that the ITA is correctly connected before the simulation is done. The main issue for the project has been if an automated measurement process can obtain sufficient precision to replace manual measurement.

    By analyzing the market for automated movement, a number of concepts for the overall measurement process were generated. The concepts were evaluated with decision-matrix method, as well with regard to the complexity of the required software management for each concept.

    The measurement process that was chosen based on the 3D printer and its underlying mechanics and automation. To realize the concept to a fully working prototype the process of product development was broken down in segments. This reduced the level of complexity, while it contributed to simplify optimization. In order to achieve optimum design every segment consisted of concept generation and concept evaluation.

    The construction which is the basis for the prototype is an off-the-shelf solution, and based on the parts used in the milling machine x-Carve. The overall structure is based on the milling machine, however modified to the extent that the purpose can be achieved. The choice to base the design on the X-Carve was made against the background that it harmonized well with the overall concept of measuring process, but also well with the concepts generated in the broken down segments, mentioned above. The underlying factor to the use of components which is an off-the-shelf solution to the design is a result of the project vastness and the provided time.

    The developed prototype lives up to the requirements. Empirical tests indicate that the prototype obtains sufficient precision to perform measurements. The results of the tests carried out shows that manual labor can be replaced, and therefore leads to the conclusion that the prototype proved useful.

    The prototype has some potential for development, why it is recommended to examine each segment if additional optimizations must be made.

  • 120.
    Bölling, Matilda
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Gender matters- co-creation between academia and external parties2014Ingår i: Gender Summit 4 GS4, Brussels, Belgium: Gender Summit Europe 4 , 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 121.
    Bölling, Matilda
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Yvonne, Eriksson
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Collaboration with society: The future role of universities? Identifying challenges for evaluation2016Ingår i: Research Evaluation, ISSN 0958-2029, E-ISSN 1471-5449, Vol. 25, nr 2, s. 209-218Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to evaluate who benefits, and how, from collaboration between universities and society, it is necessary to develop solid evaluation models. The Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems (VINNOVA) has been commissioned by the Swedish government to present an evaluation model for university-society collaboration, which is intended to be included in the future distribution of funding to Swedish universities. This makes Sweden an interesting example of the challenges associated with the implementation of a national evaluation model for university-society collaboration. The objective of this study is to identify challenges for evaluation of university-society collaboration in an academic context. We analyse the actual implementation process of a national evaluation system for university-society collaboration, by putting Swedish policy in relation to international research. The results suggest that there is broad knowledge on the complexity of university-society collaboration, and of the difficulties associated with evaluation, even if certain aspects, like the importance of teaching, networking, and gender aspects, are often overlooked. However, the discussion tends to focus on the construction of relevant indicators, while there is a widespread lack of discussion and agreement on the objectives and goals of university-society collaboration, as well as discussions on how to define the concept. The importance of these aspects is illustrated by the difficulties in Sweden with developing a legitimate assessment system for university-society collaboration.

  • 122.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Design Gestures: Playing with ‘Affordance’ and the concept of ‘design’2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Contemporary design such as Jonas Bohlin’s chair Concrete and Ettore Sottsass shelf Carlton calls for alternative thinking in design theory, in regard to design theories’ categorization of functional and non-functional (i.e. aesthetical) objects. For example found in Donald Norman’s theory of the design of everyday things. In these examples from design practice, usefulness seems to be put aside for sensual perception. But these desig nobjects also seem to broaden the concept of ’design’. Not, however, placing them in the categories of being aesthetic- or art objects. In this paper, I suggest that these artefacts are playing with ’affordance’, i.e. with the activity called forth through perception of the object.They also actualize design understood as drawing/sketching, as cognitive tools, hence playing with design both understood as process and final object.

  • 123.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    The Poetics of Workplaces2017Ingår i: Experiencing the Everyday / [ed] Carsten Friberg and Raine Vasquez, Aarhus, DK: Aarhus Universitetsforlag , 2017Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Information design is a practice and an academic field that views information through its representations, for example, through images, spaces, and texts. It is also human centered, not technological driven, in that its focus is on the users and their conditions and environments. As an academic field, information design is at an intersection of disciplines; cognitive science, media and communication, linguistics, visual studies, and art and aesthetics meet in information design. In our research, we have come to focus on the connection between aesthetics and visual-spatial information design; we are addressing the understanding of aesthetic matters in information design and its implications, using examples from the manufacturing sector.

  • 124.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Strömberg, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Phases of Co-Production: Follow-up Research on the Industrial Research School INNOFACTURE2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Mälardalen Univerity is characterised by its close collaboration with companies and with the public sector in the region. A main strategic directions of the university is to develop co-production with partner companies, expressed in the university vision “A Strong MDH – the Coproducing University”. The concept ’co-production’ is in this paper used interchangeably with concept ’co-creation’, emphasising our view of equal participation and interaction with the goal of knowledge, that by the company can be made useful outside the university (see Terblanche, 2014). Based on Mälardalen University’s vision, co-production is a main goal for the Innovation and Product Realization (IPR) environment. IPR is located at the School of Innovation, Design and Engineering and has a common graduate education with three mutually supportive cooperating research groups: Product realization, Innovation management, and Information design. Here ideas from different fields and cultures meet, creating new ideas, possibilities, and knowledge as a result. The approach to develop new insights and knowledge in order to address societal challenges, through working closer between academics and research users, has a potential to improve how research is conducted. Still, there are many questions and challenges in this approach, with need of development: How is research and research education framed and undertaken? What constitutes co-production? What distinguishes reseach in co-production from other forms of research? What are the benefits and barriers of co-production? As we shall see, the follow-up research aim to contribute to how our third level education in a co-production environment can be undertaken.

  • 125.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    et al.
    RISE SICS, Sweden.
    Backström, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Blackbright, Helena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    A New Survey Instrument for Assessing the Innovation Climate2017Ingår i: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 126.
    Cedergren, Stefan
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Wallin, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Eriksson, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    What is Performance in Complex Product Development?2008Ingår i: Proceedings of the R&D Management Conference. 2008, 2008Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The process of developing new products is one of the key business processes in a company, especially technology intensive ones. In order to continuously improve this capability of developing new products it is important to be able to measure the performance in the product development process. The dilemma though is that there are no good performance measurements available within complex product development. One reason, as argued in presented research may be the lack of a holistic perception of performance within the development process. Data from a five case explorative study including 49 semi-structured open interviews regarding performance within complex product development is presented and analyzed. The results clearly indicate a need for further development of the perception of performance by managers and decision makers within the process of developing complex products. To meet this need, a Product Development Organizational Performance Model (PDOPM) is proposed, consisting of three generic levels of activities: Product strategy, Project management, and Product activities. These generic activities are modelled in accordance with the IDEF0 making it possible to conceptually reason about uncertainty, effectiveness, and efficiency at each activity level. Further, the term product development efficacy is introduced to describe the capability of identifying or creating a market opportunity and being able to develop and deliver a product fulfilling exactly what was identified as the market opportunity. High performance in product development is achieved when there is efficacy throughout the complete product development portfolio.

  • 127.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Challenges in managing new product introduction projects: An explorative case study2017Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED Volume 2, 2017, Vol. 2, s. 259-268, artikel-id DS87-2Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s market conditions, manufacturing companies are under pressure to constantly launch new products or product variants to the market in short intervals. The introduction of new products poses managerial implications on the existing production systems and their processes. Hence, the production organisations are increasingly involving in the new product development since the beginning of the project as they are responsible for the product introduction. The project management of new product introduction therefore play a significant role in the success of new product development. The existing literature covers a wide range of issues and disturbances in the product introduction process in different industries. However, little research exists on the management of new product introduction projects from a project management perspective especially from the viewpoint of production. Based on a case study at a manufacturing company, this paper examines the challenges in managing new product introduction projects in the production organisation. The study identified nine key challenges in the management of new product introduction projects which are associated to the resources, time-readiness and schedule, gated administration, ways of working, communication and time-sharing, learning, business case, co-ordination and alignment, and competences.

  • 128.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Clarifying Feedback Loops Concept for Innovation Capability: A Literature Review2017Ingår i: XXVIII ISPIM Innovation Conference ISPIM 2017, 2017Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 129.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Experience Feedback Loops in the New Product Introduction Process2017Ingår i: 24TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON PRODUCTION RESEARCH (ICPR), 2017, s. 44-50Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 130.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Managing Knowledge for Product-Service System Innovation: The Role of Web 2.0 Technologies2013Ingår i: Research technology management, ISSN 0895-6308, E-ISSN 1930-0166, Vol. 56, nr 2, s. 45-53Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In the emerging service economy, many traditional product manufacturing companies are seeking innovative ways to do business, focusing on product-service combinations. Development of these offerings requires the integration of a wider span of expertise from several companies, which poses new challenges in the way knowledge is captured and managed. On the basis of a case study from an aerospace supply chain, this paper first identifies the limitations of current knowledge-management systems in such a setting and then discusses the role of Web 2.0 technologies in managing knowl-edge across the knowledge life cycle. Web 2.0 technologies have potential to lower barriers to leveraging informal and unstructured knowledge, contextualized information, networks of connections, and collective creation and maintenance of knowledge assets, which could complement current knowledge-management systems in multicompany product development efforts.

  • 131.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Managing product introduction projects in operations key challenges in heavy-duty vehicle industry2018Ingår i: Journal of Modern Project Management, ISSN 2317-3963, E-ISSN 1747-0862, Vol. 5, nr 3, s. 108-118Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today’s market conditions, manufacturing companies are under pressure to constantly launch new products or product variants to the market in short intervals. Introduction of new products poses managerial implications on the existing production systems and their processes. Hence, the production and operations organisations are increasingly involved in the early phases of new product development since they are responsible for the product introduction and delivery. The project management of product introduction therefore play a significant role in the success of new product development. The existing literature covers a wide range of issues and disturbances in the product introduction process in different industries. However, little research exists on the management of product introduction from a project management perspective especially from the viewpoint of operations. Based on a case study at a manufacturing company in heavy-duty vehicle industry, this paper examines key challenges in managing product introduction projects in the production and operations organisation. The study identified seven types of projects in relation to the product introduction. Further, nine key challenges are identified in the management of product introduction projects which are associated to the resources, time-readiness and schedule, gated administration, ways of working, communication and time-sharing, learning, business cases, co-ordination and alignment, and competences. The study contributes new insights into project management in operations by deepening the understanding on the issues associated to the product introduction projects.

  • 132.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Organizing Lessons Learned For Product-Service Innovation: A proposal for a new method2016Ingår i: 6th Global Innovation and Knowledge Academy Annual Conference GIKA'16, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 133.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Organizing lessons learned practice for product-service innovation2016Ingår i: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, Vol. 69, nr 11, s. 4986-4991Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies adopt lessons-learned practices to transform gained experiences into useful knowledge for future benefit. Researchers have examined lessons-learned practices in project-based organizations that primarily develop pure products or services in various disciplines and industrial sectors. However, little research exists on the lessons-learned practices in manufacturing companies offering integrated product-service combinations. Therefore, this study performs three case studies in two large manufacturing companies undergoing a servitization journey to becoming product-service providers. The study identifies ten requirements under three main categories-content, process, and technology-for better organized lessons-learned practice. Drawing from the requirements analysis, this study develops a method for representing lessons learned in product-service innovation contexts. 

  • 134.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Towards a Methodology for Lessons Learned Practice in Complex Product Development2014Ingår i: PROCEEDINGS OF THE 15TH EUROPEAN CONFERENCE ON KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT (ECKM 2014), VOLS 1-3, 2014, s. 205-213Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Organisations are becoming increasingly aware that learning from experience can be a source of competitive advantage. Many manufacturing companies are not immune to this realisation and have established lessons learned practices as one of the key knowledge management efforts for the collection and dissemination of experiences in the form of lessons learned. However, identifying relevant lessons learned from past product development projects and reusing them in new situations is still an enormous task for many companies. The paper uses qualitative data collected in three case studies in the aerospace industry to investigate the potential barriers in the current lessons learned practice in a complex product development setting, and to identify the end-user’s requirements for improving this practice. A new methodology for capturing lessons learned in complex product development is then presented and discussed. The methodology represents a lesson learned in a standardized format together with guidelines, using videos as enabling media. The format comprises a seven-step representation of lesson learned, consisting of: (1) lesson learned statement, (2) working context, (3) task description, (4) what went wrong or what went well, (5) lessons learned, (6) lessons learned measures, and (7) applicability and delimitations.

  • 135.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Using Videos to Record Lessons Learned from Production and Aftermarket Phases: Preliminary results2014Ingår i: 6th Swedish Production Symposium SPS'14, 2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Learning from experience has turn out to be the basis of every manufacturing company in creating and sustaining competitive differentiation. Many companies put effort in capitalizing these experiences through continuous improvement initiatives such as lessons learned practices. However, these practices are failed to address the distinct, complex settings available in manufacturing, serial production, use, and maintenance phases, where much of the learning is still tacit nature and difficult to articulate. In this context, based on three case studies in the aerospace industry, the author previously proposed a lesson learned methodology using videos as an enabling media. This paper presents some preliminary results based on the validation activities performed in the aero-engine component manufacturing company.

  • 136.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Söderlund, Carina
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Experience Reuse in Production Maintenance: Practices and Challenges2015Ingår i: 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference EurOMA15, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The reuse of experiences gained in maintenance activities is important issue in maintenance management. Efficient experience reuse would improve next interventions, reduce the mistakes and potentially contribute to time and cost savings. However, few studies focus on how maintenance workforce reuses past experiences in the problem- solving phases of the maintenance work. The purpose of this study is therefore to examine the experience reuse process in production maintenance in order to identify reuse practices and its challenges. Based on a case study, this paper presents the observed work practices and its challenges for collecting and reusing experiences in production maintenance. Further, potential improvement suggestions are proposed to overcome these challenges.

  • 137.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Eriksson, Pelle
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering. Dalarna Univ, Dalarna, Sweden.
    The Influence of Different Media Instructions on Solving a Procedural Task2015Ingår i: Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED, Volume 11, Issue DS 80-11, 2015, s. 173-182Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates the influence of different forms of media instructions on the process and outcomes of completing a specific procedural task. The experiment was conducted with four student groups having an education in the area of Information Design. In the experiment four media instructions – text only, text plus drawings, a series of pictures and video with narration – were considered. The findings show that the type of media has an influence on the ability to solve a procedural task and on group interaction and the way groups solve a task. Compared with the other instructions, video instruction triggered a different interaction and behavioural pattern during assembly. Participants considered both video and picture instructions as more usable in terms of facilitating the ability to understand, select and apply possible solutions to a given task. However, the video medium showed little influence on dialogue in the group during assembly. The instructions, such as text plus drawings, pictures and video had a similar influence on task performance times, whereas text instructions took three times longer to implement than other instructions.

  • 138.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, M.
    Jönköping University.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Andersson, N.
    Bombardier Transportation, Västerås, Sweden.
    Löv, R.
    Volvo CE Operations, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Exploring feedback loops in the industrialization process: A case study2018Ingår i: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, s. 169-176Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the current available practices of feedback loops at different phases in the industrialization process. Although literature highlights the impact of feedback loops for both product and production systems development, there is limited research about how firms utilize the concept of feedback loops in the industrialization process. Based on a case study at a railway component manufacturing company, the paper presents the identified feedback loops and mechanisms that are working well and not working well within the industrialization process. Further, it explains a practical method to improve the current or establish new feedback loops. The paper contributes to the discussion on the application of lean and agile approaches to the industrialization process where feedback loops act as enablers.

  • 139.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Organizing Experience Feedback Loops for Continuous Innovation2015Ingår i: 16th International Continuous Innovation Network Conference CINet 15, 2015Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 140.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Oghazi, Pejvak
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Social media engagement strategy: Investigation of marketing and R & D interfaces in manufacturing industry2018Ingår i: Industrial Marketing Management, ISSN 0019-8501, E-ISSN 1873-2062, Vol. 74, s. 138-149Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Research shows that effective marketing and R&D interface is pivotal in a company's new product development performance and future competitiveness. The increased popularity of social media promised to enhance interaction, collaboration, and networking between the two functions. However, there is limited knowledge regarding the key activities, infrastructure requirements, and potential benefits of social media in the marketing and R&D interface. This study aims to advance the current understanding of social media engagement strategies, which facilitates improved marketing and R&D interfaces and ultimately NPD performance for manufacturing companies. Based on a multiple-case study in two manufacturing companies, this study first presents the role of social media in facilitating improved marketing and R&D interface within a B2B context. Second, it presents the adoption process of the social media engagement strategy for an evolving marketing and R&D interface. The adoption process is divided into three phases, namely coordination, cooperation, and coproduction, to provide detailed insights regarding full-scale social media engagement. Taken together, the study provides novel insights into industrial marketing management literature by exemplifying the role of social media and proposing a systematic social engagement strategy for improved marketing and R&D interface in the manufacturing industry.

  • 141.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Parida, Aditya
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Understanding Knowledge Reuse Process: A case study in a production maintenance organizationIngår i: 4th International Conference on Business Intelligence, Analytics and Knowledge Management BIAKMKonferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many firms constantly strive for reusing existing knowledge to be better at learning from their mistakes and successes. Despite its importance, firms are yet to see the benefits from such initiatives, especially at the individual level. The purpose of this paper, therefore, is to investigate and discuss the individual knowledge reuse process in a large manufacturing company. Based on a case study in a production maintenance organization, the paper describes different steps of knowledge reuse process. Further, several issues related to different stages of knowledge reuse process are discussed. Finally, the paper summarizes the contributions and concludes with the future research directions.

  • 142.
    Chirumalla, Koteshwar
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Schedin, Joel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Development projects, stage-gate models, and degree of newness: Examining the correlation from a production perspective2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Many companies have adopted stage-gate models to manage different types of development projects, which can vary in degree of newness. Currently, there is limited research on how the development projects, stage-gate models and degree of newness are correlated in practice from a production perspective. Based on a case study at a manufacturing company, this paper examines correlations from a production perspective. The results show that the company runs nine types of development projects in production, and uses two forms of stage-gate models. The degree of newness is not addressed in a structured way in production compared to the product development process.

  • 143.
    Cozza, Michela
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Crevani, Lucia
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Hallin, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Ageing and Assistive Technologies: An Epistemological Framework2016Ingår i: Beyond Interpretivism? New Encounters with Technology and organisation, 2016Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 144.
    Cozza, Michela
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Crevani, Lucia
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Hallin, Anette
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Future ageing: welfare technology practices for our future older selves2019Ingår i: Futures: The journal of policy, planning and futures studies, ISSN 0016-3287, E-ISSN 1873-6378, Vol. 109, s. 117-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we elaborate on how the future older person is characterised and what future ageing entails in relation to welfare technologies highlighting which actors, social and material, affect innovation governance and discussing who does not. Starting from a distinction between public, private, and academic perspectives we discuss how companies, public sector organisa- tions, and research-oriented actors construct future ageing through sociomaterial practices in the welfare technology arena. We base our reasoning on an ethnographic study conducted during the 2017 edition of the yearly MVTe-Mötesplats Välfärdsteknologi och E-hälsa Swedish event (in English: Meeting place for Welfare Technology and e-Health). We use the concept ‘welfare technology practices’ to describe how actors perform future ageing by producing and reprodu- cing a scenario where the positive effects of technology are assumed and the plurality of future older selves is overlooked. We problematise this view by reflecting on ageing as a complex so- ciomaterial process that calls for welfare technology practices and policies open to a pluralistic view of the future as futures. This study may inspire research that further explore how future ageing is constructed as well as support the development of welfare technology practices for addressing current blind spots.

  • 145.
    Cristine, Hedlund
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Tasevski, Alexander
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Design of bucket teeth2016Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    For many years, buckets have been equipped with teeth to help penetrate, gouge and breakout materials. The teeth also works as wear parts and can be replaced when they are worn down, and thus increase the service life of the bucket. The first teeth were made like a one-piece design and to replace such tooth required both cutting and welding which was very time consuming. Today’s modern teeth consist of an adapter that is welded on the bucket and a tooth with a locking system that makes it easy to replace the tooth when needed. The teeth on the market today are cast, which means that the hardness cannot be guaranteed through the whole cast and the hardest tooth is measured to be around 500 HB.

     

    SSABs brand Hardox is the toughest steel on the market. It is extremely wear resistant and has a three time longer service life than ordinary steel. To increase the use of Hardox the possibility to manufacture bucket teeth of three or more plates are examined.

     

    This thesis has applied a product development process to mainly develop concepts of the locking system that holds the adapter and tooth together. The locking systems main requirement is to be hammerless, meaning that it is not hammered in, due to the high risk of injury and longer assembly time. Apart from, the geometry of the tooth will be developed to give a better wear resistance.

     

    The result is a tooth with at least twice as long service life than the cast competitors and two concepts of locking system. Both locking systems meet the requirement of being hammerless and the sustainability is ensured with calculations of shear force. The geometry of the tooth is design to be self-sharpening, which allows it to stay sharper throughout its service life. Wear test using DEM analysis assure a positive outcome. 

  • 146.
    Cronin, K.
    et al.
    Manaaki Whenua - Landcare Research New Zealand Ltd..
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Jackson, L. S.
    University of Victoria, Canada.
    Issues Mapping: A problem structuring method for addressing science and technology conflicts2014Ingår i: European Journal of Operational Research, ISSN 0377-2217, E-ISSN 1872-6860, Vol. 233, nr 1, s. 145-158Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    There are new opportunities for the application of problem structuring methods to address science and technology risk conflicts through stakeholder dialogue. Most previous approaches to addressing risk conflicts have been developed from a traditional risk communication perspective, which tends to construct engagement between stakeholders based on the assumption that scientists evaluate technologies using facts, and lay participants do so based on their values. 'Understanding the facts' is generally privileged, so the value framings of experts often remain unexposed, and the perspectives of lay participants are marginalized. When this happens, risk communication methodologies fail to achieve authentic dialogue and can exacerbate conflict. This paper introduces 'Issues Mapping', a problem structuring method that enables dialogue by using visual modelling techniques to clarify issues and develop mutual understanding between stakeholders. A case study of the first application of Issues Mapping is presented, which engaged science and community protagonists in the genetic engineering debate in New Zealand. Participant and researcher evaluations suggest that Issues Mapping helped to break down stereotypes of both scientists and environmental activists; increased mutual understanding; reduced conflict; identified common ground; started building trust; and supported the emergence of policy options that all stakeholders in the room could live with. The paper ends with some reflections and priorities for further research.

  • 147.
    Dahlin Andersson, Camilla
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    I händelse av delaktighet i en omvälvande innovationsprocess2017Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Innovation is desirable and many players, both individual and organized, as well as society at large, want to actively contribute to its development and to know its results. Increasingly complex but also controversial techniques are under development , new advanced technologies and services where we as individuals become increasingly coexistent with our machines and other artifacts, inside and outside our bodies.

    The interaction and settlement between social and material things creates a context of complexity. This is about innovation processes characterized by a transformative character which, despite some overlaps and touch points, are not properly captured in the concepts and theories of disruptive / radical innovation or the more process-oriented innovation theories of transformative and systemic innovation. On a higher level, this dissertation aims at further developing the understanding of the innovation process through an in-depth description of how transformative innovation is formed, developed, implemented and generates effects in a complex social context. Based on the purpose, the research question is formulated: How does transformative innovation develop in complex contexts?

    The dissertation takes a multidisciplinary approach by combining theories from the disciplines; innovation, business administration and sociology. The study can be seen as a contribution to the innovation technology discipline by considering innovation with an STS-inspired approach and introducing the translation perspective, transformation, action network, actor networks, space-time, actors and the collective. The process perspective has been studied over a long period of time between 2002-2016, through a case study on the development of the idea / concept "stem cell", with a major focus on embryonic and research at Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm, I have written my story from a theoretical and practical point of view. I highlight a process-methodological contribution in the form of innovation ethnography whose research role has practical implications for innovation management research.

    I have observed how knowledge development and innovation development in practice are integrated and that innovation management is about to act proactively and reactively continuously. I have developed the concept of transformative innovation and present a model of a transformative innovation process in which complexity plays an important role. The complexity is found in and around the processes, which contributes to the creation of complex contexts and is therefore considered an important aspect of the transformative concept. The transformative is linked to the innovation process as a result of the transnational collective and its actors / actors constant changing because of their participation in the idea / concept development.

    Keywords: Transformative innovation process, ANT, transnational collective, institutionalization, stem cells, KI, innovation ethnography.

  • 148.
    Denzler, Patrick
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Maximising Product Possibilities while Minimising Process Change: A Case of Introducing Light Weight Material in Automotive Manufacturing2016Ingår i: Procedia CIRP, 2016, Vol. 50, s. 270-274Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Companies are challenged to achieve maximised benefits in time, money and novelty when introducing new products or technologies into their existing manufacturing systems. This paper set the focus on the introduction of new materials into existing products and if the adverse effects on manufacturing will outweigh the benefits. An automotive case was studied where discrete event simulation was used as tool to evaluate process consequences when introducing new material and process technologies into the production system. The question concerned if discrete event simulation can verify production system capabilities even in early conceptual design stages. The case analysis is concluded by three challenge areas concerning early stages of production system design. The difficulties of evaluating operational key performance indicators early in design processes become evident and needed future research efforts within the area are pointed out. © 2016 The Authors.

  • 149.
    Dersten, Sara
    et al.
    Volvo Construction Equipment, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Axelsson, Jakob
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Fröberg, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    An analysis of a layered system architecture for autonomous construction vehicles2015Ingår i: 9th Annual IEEE International Systems Conference, SysCon 2015 - Proceedings, 2015, s. 582-588Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    It has been suggested in the literature to organize software in autonomous vehicles as hierarchical layers where each layer makes its own decisions based on its own world model. This paper presents two alternative designs for autonomous construction vehicles based on the layered framework 4D/RCS. As a first step, the typical use cases for these vehicles were defined. Then one use case for a hauler was traversed through the two alternatives to see how they supported safety, flexibility and the use of a product platform. We found that the coordination between bucket control and motion control must be done at a low level in the hierarchy and that the relationship between the vehicle actuators and the built-in autonomous system is important for how the software is organized. 

  • 150.
    Dersten, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system. Volvo Construction Equipment Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Wallin, Peter
    Volvo Construction Equipment Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Fröberg, Joakim
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Innovation och produktrealisering.
    Axelsson, Jakob
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Analysis of the Information Needs of an Autonomous Hauler in a Quarry Site2016Ingår i: IEEE 11th International Conference on System of Systems Engineering Conference SoSE2016, 2016, artikel-id 7542936Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Autonomous and intelligent construction equipment is an emergent area of research, which shares many characteristics with on-road autonomous vehicles, but also have fundamental differences. Construction vehicles usually perform repetitive tasks in confined sites, such as quarries, and cooperate with other vehicles to complete common missions. A quarry can be viewed as a system-of-systems and the vehicles are individual systems within the site system. Therefore it is important to analyze the site system, i.e. included vehicles, surrounding systems, and system context, before the introduction of autonomous vehicles. It is necessary to map the needed infrastructure, and the needed input information from on-board sensors and off-board information suppliers, before designing the vehicle electronics system. This paper describes how we identified sensory and input signal needs for an autonomous articulated hauler in a scenario at a quarry site. Different architectural alternatives are evaluated and a set-up for a quarry site is suggested.

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