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  • 101.
    Velasquez, Juan
    Mälardalen University.
    Social mångfald och insikter om interkulturell förståelse vid Mälardalens högskola2006Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Social diversity and the recognition of intercultural understanding at Mälardalen University

    This work shows in general terms some ways on how university teachers entered in touch with the social diversity at Mälardalen University. The work is based on interviews with teachers from three institutions, representative of the students and a survey directed to the heads of all departments of the university. The interviews were commanded during the spring of 2006. The report shows some of the different types of projects that the university has put in execution to increase social diversity, how the teachers started implementing different pedagogies to handle this diversity, the problems that examination of this new social diversity among students generates and what teachers and students want to improve. The present rapport also realizes how the work to increase social diversity creates the bases for meetings where teachers and students could develop insights on intercultural understanding.

    The report consists of six chapters. Chapter one treats a general sight on the general context wherefrom the work to increase social diversity at Swedish universities emerges. Institutional incentives, internationalization of the university and international immigration created the bases for major possibilities of meeting the social diversity locally. Teachers told that these meetings gave them the possibility of thinking about the topic in dept. The teachers told on routes to start using theoretical perspectives like intersectionality, used to understand problems of power tied to differences, as well as ethical perspectives like intercultural understanding, used for navigating in the multicultural society.

    Chapter two shows some examples pertaining projects where university teachers worked to increase the social diversity at the University. The area of discussion took root in analyzing what this work generated when introducing students of the first university year to the university’s academic life. Thanks to this work the teachers had better knowledge of the difficulties of self-steam and of socialization that the students experience when having met the academic Swedish culture.

    The third chapter discusses how teachers face social diversity in their educational tasks. Here they gave examples of the positive experiences of the program of academic international interchange. Special attention is paid to the way these experiences can contribute to a process of internal internationalization in the local society, where the population with experiences of migration is notable enough.

    The fourth chapter pertains to some aspects of power that emerge between students and teachers in the examination of the courses. The students’ representative made echo of diverse types of complaints concerning sexual insinuations, discriminations, and fear of expressing opinions in front teachers. Other aspects were expressed by the teachers on socio-centric ways of referring to education, intervening against the creation of exclusionary groups among the students, differences of ages between teachers and students, as well as weak idiomatic development of some groups of students. In general all these aspects were seen as cardinals to explain misbalances of power that try to explain why many students are passive during the educational process. These aspects seem to prevent some teachers from emitting fair qualifications. At the same time these aspects ground the bases for conflicts between students and teachers.

    The fifth chapter discusses three lines that the interviewees want to see to assure a good work to increase the social diversity at the University. The first line is to strengthen the pedagogic work in the long term. The interviewed thought it is important to rethink the concept of diversity. Besides that, they considered the possibility of developing the programs of international interchange from being bi-cultural (Swedish - English) into being more multicultural. Another aspect in discussion was to introduce the aspects of social diversity in the different plans of introduction directed to new students, to develop new forms of examination and to introduce all these in the ongoing Bologna process. The second line deal with regional collaboration. This collaboration can be stimulated designing practical applied courses. These courses are important to recruit more working class men with long labour experience to study at the university. Other initiatives that want support are to develop short courses for immigrants with high educational levels and developing distant courses for students who cannot live in the cities of Eskilstuna and Västerås, where the Mälardalen University main buildings are located. The third line pertains to efforts that the university must to take further in order to increase social diversity. Some examples are to enlarge the social diversity among investigators and teachers; to secure and increase the pedagogic help for the many students who use to need it; a better distribution of resources between the faculties and a mainstreaming of the work on social diversity at the University. Another important desire from the teachers is to continue evaluating how the work for increasing social diversity develops.

    In general features the work shows recognition of the social diversity at the university. This diversity is observed as a positive quality that generates a constructive attitude to social differences. The different initiatives that the university threw to increase the diversity have been fundamental to advance this work. This kind of what internationally is called affirmative action plans have changed the university’s social landscape for ever.

    The final chapter is dedicated to thinking about three important aspects in relation to these changes. The first aspect is the positive consequences on democracy thought to accept diversity and difference is cardinal to have a constructive attitude to the problems of power that come from a society characterized by social differences. The second aspect is that pedagogic innovations are basic to continue recognizing intercultural understanding. The third aspect is that these democratic and pedagogic aspects give the university own experiences about facing multicultural challenges. This work does that the university can play a more credibly role at the top of the work for a sustainable and democratic regional development congruent to the challenges that face the multicultural society.

  • 102.
    Viitasalo, Madeleine
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    För unga för att vara gamla: En analys av betydelser och ideal i skönhetsannonser som riktar sig till äldre kvinnor.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att ta reda på hur reklamannonser som riktar sig till äldre kvinnor utformas för att förstå vilka betydelser och normer äldre kvinnor tillskrivs, med andra ord vilka budskap äldre kvinnor möts av i livsstilsmagasin. Syftet är också att ta reda på om dessa ideal stämmer överens med de budskap som, enligt tidigare forskning, framställs genom retoriken i tidningen M-magasin. Till denna kvalitativa undersökning har delar av Björkvalls analysmetod för visuella texter använts (2003, 2009), tillsammans med Kress och van Leeuwens teorier om ”visuell grammatik” (2003). Resultatet visar bland annat att skönhetsannonsernas modelläsare ses som passiva och mycket samarbetsorienterade, samt att inre lycka kan kopplas till ett ungt utseende. Resultatet visar också att reklamens budskap skiljer sig från tidningens retorik när det gäller vissa betydelser som tillskrivs målgruppen. En slutsats är att de äldre kvinnorna möts av dubbla budskap och att ålderskategoriseringar ofta är motsägelsefulla. 

  • 103.
    Waldekrantz, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Inkluderande teknikinformation: En studie om hur teknisk information kan tillgängliggöras för personer med svenska som andraspråk2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På grund av bristen på servicetekniker i Sverige har många serviceverkstäder välkomnat arbetskraft från andra länder. I samband med implementeringen av en ny fordonstyp ställs nu serviceverkstäder i hela Sverige inför en ny utmaning. De utrikesfödda serviceteknikerna som tidigare vänt sig till kollegor för information måste nu själva kunna läsa och förstå instruktionsmanualerna på arbetsplatsen. Behovet för begripliga och målgruppsanpassade instruktionsmanualer är brådskande. Tidigare forskning visar att teknikinformation i kombination med verbala och visuella medel gör den tekniska dokumentationen lättare att förstå, minnas och uppskatta. Det saknas däremot tidigare forskning kring vilken typ av verbala och visuella medel som fungerar bäst när teknisk dokumentation ska anpassas för personer med svenska som andraspråk i en arbetsmiljö som präglas av tidspress och hög ljudnivå. I denna studie har befintliga instruktionsmanualer omarbetats enligt teorierna multimodalitet, läsbarhet, läslighet och läsvärde samt provats ut på såväl primär och sekundär målgrupp. Resultatet visar att översättningar av svåra ord är fördelaktiga för instruktionsmanualer ochatt illustrationer är att föredra framför realistiska foton.

  • 104.
    Westerberg, Cecilia
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ett förbättringsförslag till förarhandboken Att skapa en effektivare och mer lättillgänglig manual2008Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det här examensarbetet är gjort på uppdrag av Scania CV AB. Det har lett fram till ett förslag som visar hur Scania på ett bättre sätt kan utforma informationen i sin förarhandbok. Förarhandboken är en manual som innehåller information om hur lastbilsförare på ett säkert och riktigt sätt ska använda Scanias lastbilar.

    Rapportens syfte är att beskriva hur jag med hjälp av principer för informationsdesign kan förbättra layout, innehåll, text och bild i en manual.

    Min arbetsgång följer Zetterlunds TI-pyramid (Zetterlund, 1997, s. 62) men jag har även hämtat inspiration från Ottersten och Berndtssons modell för användbarhet (Ottersten och Berndtsson, 2002). Mitt förslag bygger på resultat från en målgruppsanalys, flera användningstester och rekommendationer från litteratur inom informationsdesign.

    Resultatet är en jämförelse mellan mitt förslag och förarhandboken och ger en motivering till de förändringar som jag föreslår.

    Rapportens slutsats är att layout, innehåll, text och bild är beroende av varandra. För att förbättra en manual bör skribenten därför utgå från dessa områden och rätta till de brister som han/hon hittar inom varje område samt i samspelet mellan dem.

    Den viktigaste åtgärden som Scania kan göra för att förbättra sin förarhandbok är att arbeta fram riktlinjer för förarhandboken för att skapa en mer konsekvent utformning av texter och bilder. Mitt förslag kan användas som underlag för det arbetet. Jag föreslår också att Scania lägger text och bild bredvid varandra för att utnyttja utrymmet i förarhandboken effektivare.

  • 105.
    Wijkström, Caroline
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Kommunikation och layoutmönster inom reklam: En layoutundersökning av tio annonser från Metro Student Magazine2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning är att ta reda påom det finns speciella mönster i layouten mellan tio olika annonser fråntidningen Metro Student Magazine. Genom att undersöka hur rubriker, bilder ochlogotyper är placerade samt göra färg-, text- och retorikanalyser på annonsernavill jag ta reda på om det finns samband - likheter och/eller skillnader -mellan deras layout. Annonsernas färger, teckensnitt, genomsnittliga meningslängdersamt mottagartilltal undersöks för att slutsatser ska kunna dras om deraslayout. Undersökningen visar att det finns vissa likheter och skillnader mellanannonserna beroende på om de kommer från företag som vill rekrytera personaleller om de kommer från företag som vill sälja en speciell produkt.

    Resultatetvisar även att det finns ett mönster angående annonsernas placering i tidningenoch att samtliga annonser, som grupp, har vissa likheter, vilket kan visa påatt annonser i Metro Student Magazine har speciella layoutmönster.

  • 106.
    Wikström, Karolin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Att skylta lagom: Ett examensarbete om att finna balans mellan frihet och struktur i informationsförmedlingen i en utställningsmiljö.2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study about the balance between freedom and structure in the information design of an exhibition based on hands-on education. Work is focused on the exhibition The Human Body at Tom Tits Experiment in Södertälje. The exhibition, which was built in 1997, was designed with the idea that signs create barriers and a reluctance to advertise about the "right way".

    The exhibition space has now been compressed and experiments have been grouped into two sections. In connection with this change, the signs in the exhibition come to be reviewed. This is because parents and other adult visitors expressed a desire for more information. The need for information is divided into labels for individual experiments and signage for the exhibition's theme. How this demand can be met without going against the pedagogy and aesthetics that Tom Tits believe is the central point of the work. The solution was based on the thesis that it is possible to gather information at one point to minimize the number of signs in the exhibition.

    Through methods as qualitative interviews, questionnaire survey and spatial analysis have an understanding of the complexity of the problem created. Which largely deals with the contrasts between the child's curiosity and the controlling adult world. The design solution that has been developed, resulting in three (instead of one) points where the focus has been on establishing the exhibition's theme and encourage interactivity. There has also been a quest for uniformity and flexibility, then the problem is not found to the current exhibition and information design throughout the house lacks a common thread. Whereupon consideration has been given to Tom Tits visual profile and the aesthetic that is seen as characteristic of the business. Studies circuits thus largely about Tom Tits, but it is hoped that the work interests a number of players, then a pursuit of general guidelines for the transmission of information have existed.

  • 107.
    Wilder, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Magnusson, L.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden .
    Hanson, E.
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden; University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom.
    Professionals’ and parents’ shared learning in blended learning networks related to communication and augmentative and alternative communication for people with severe disabilities2015In: European Journal of Special Needs Education, ISSN 0885-6257, E-ISSN 1469-591X, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 367-383Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    People with severe disabilities (SD) communicate in complex ways, and their teachers, parents and other involved professionals find it difficult to gain knowledge and share their experiences regarding the person with SD’s communication methods. The purpose of this study is to contribute to our understanding of how parents and professionals share learning about communication and augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) for people with SD by participating in blended learning networks (BLNs). Thirty-six parents and professionals participated in online web-based BLNs according to a prepared format; four groups were formed, and all of the groups participated in four discussion sessions and an evaluation session. Detailed minutes from the 16 BLN sessions, an evaluation session and course evaluation data were thematically analysed. The theoretical frameworks were different perspectives on disability within communication research and special education research, and theories about shared learning in networks. The analyses revealed themes that focused on communication partners’ knowledge, attitudes and strategies regarding communicating with people with SD; the importance and power of using multimodal AAC; and the universality, user-friendliness and empowering aspects of iPads and apps. The findings suggest that participants perceive communication and AAC with people with SD from relational, dialogical and interactional perspectives, whereas the categorical perspective was less pronounced. In accordance with other professional competence research, the use of online web-based BLNs with mixed groups that was described in this paper yielded positive evaluations from the participants. The opportunity for meeting others involved in caring for people with SD, the actual blended groups and the sharing of technology and AAC experiences in particular were highlighted.

  • 108.
    Winroth, M.
    et al.
    To remain competitive, single-family wooden house builders might create smart wooden house factories. Smart factories and smart production are recent concepts used to denote ideas that support competitiveness in for example the automotive industry. In the housing sector, a concept introduced to increase competitiveness is industrialized house-building. The aim of the study presented here was to investigate whether industrialized house-building characteristics could be a step toward a smart factory for wooden house builders. In this paper, ideas of the smart wooden house factory are synthesized, and challenges for the single-family wooden house builder are identified. The study is founded on empirical data from one single-case study. A challenge identified was the maturity level of the culture and organization to commit to and utilize modern technology and modern working methods. The concept of the smart wooden house factory is still in its infancy and needs further research. .
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Jönköping University.
    Research Results Improve Learning and Understanding in Master Courses - The use of a manufacturing strategy tool2018In: Procedia Manufacturing, Elsevier B.V. , 2018, p. 47-54Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The analytical STRATEGO-tool has been used in total 48 project groups in master courses at Chalmers University of Technology from spring term of 2015. The project trains the students in applying theoretical tools at real organizations with a specific interest in analyzing their use of operations strategy. This paper presents the outcome from these courses and specifically discusses its usability as a pedagogic tool in different contexts, even though the intention with the tool initially was to constitute a tool for SMEs who wanted to develop their manufacturing strategies.

  • 109.
    Wittur, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Läsflöde eller läsmöda?: Ett arbete om hur läsning påverkas (och inte påverkas) av olika element på en webbplats förstasida.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this project was to find out how reading is affected, and not affected, by different elements on a start page. The site I was studied belongs to the magazine Fitness Magazine, and the current site has a problem. The editorial texts and articles don’t reach out to the visitors. The goal was to make a proposal for a new first page of the web site that highlights the texts and the reading.With the help of interviews, user testing and textual analysis, I studied if the texts were in itself that caused the problem or if it was the design. I found that it was a combination of text and design that caused the problems. The results showed that some elements of a website is needed to help the reader in the right direction while some elements was more noise that destroyed communication. The noise consisted of color combinations that fooled the brain, a logo that did not appear right, wrongly-placed ads, articles that were not suited for the web and a menu that was not located and designed to benefit the reading. I have made a design in which I tried to remove the noise to make the information more readable to visitors.

  • 110.
    Wlazlak, Paraskeva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Peter, Ahlin
    Husqvarna AB, Sweden.
    Visual representations for communication in geographicallydistributed new product development projectsIn: Journal of engineering design (Print), ISSN 0954-4828, E-ISSN 1466-1837, ISSN 0954-4828Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study addresses the role of visual representations in supporting communication between an R&D team and geographically distributed suppliers for a new product development (NPD) project. Itspecifically focuses on the design and use of visual representationsas a feasible way for communication between the distributed actorswhen they face communication challenges originating from differences in skills in the English language, but also from differences inwork experiences. Relying on empirical materials from a Swedishmanufacturing company in the mechanical engineering industry,this paper makes the following contributions to the literature. First,it shows that visual representations are effective boundary objectsable to support process-oriented and product-oriented communication in distributed NPD projects. Second, it illustrates that visualrepresentations do not necessarily have to follow graphic designprinciples, but can still be effective if distributed actors share thesame project context. Finally, it highlights the need for a dynamic andcontext-dependent perspective on communication in NPD projects.

  • 111.
    Wulff Sahlén, Elisabeth
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Interactive Technology in the FL Classroom: Using Polling and Chat to Promote Student Participation in Campus Education2011In: Conference Proceedings, International Conference ICT for Language Learning, 4th Edition / [ed] Pixel, Milano: Simonelli Editore - University Press , 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a project where polling and chat were used in the foreign language classroom to promote student participation and, at the same time, provide a record of student contributions. The setting is a Swedish university course in grammar and translation for advanced learners of English. The majority of seminars are devoted to discussing translation assignments that students have prepared at home. During the project, Adobe Connect Pro, a web conferencing solution for online meetings, was used, and all students had access to a computer in the classroom. For each seminar, an online meeting was set up in Adobe Connect with the following tools enabled:

    • A poll, used as a clicker at the start of the seminar to gather input from students on a specific language issue.
    • A chat, where students typed in their solutions to the translation assignment.
    • A whiteboard, where a selection of student solutions were displayed for feedback and discussion.

    Student evaluations of the project express that students are positive to using online technology in the classroom. The students participated actively in the poll and chat sessions. In the subsequent oral discussions, participation was remarkably wide. From the teacher’s perspective, the chat provided a written record of student contributions that could be used for further analysis and discussion. Some challenges included managing both written and oral communication in the classroom, and dealing with larger chunks of text in the chat.

     

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