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  • 1.
    Krustok, Ivo
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Diaz, Juan Guillermo
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Shabiimam, MA
    Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, India.
    ALGAE BIOMASS CULTIVATION WITH AMMONIUM RICH WASTEWATERS AS SUBSTRATE: THE POTENTIAL FOR SIMULTANEOUS WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND ENERGY RECOVERY2014Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Ammonia rich wastewaters pose risk to recipient waters and the atmosphere, and can be difficult to treat in wastewater treatment plants (WTTP) due to toxicity to the microbes in conventional biological treatment systems. This article presents an idea on how to use a combination of bacteria and microalgae for efficient treatment of wastewaters with high ammonia concentrations (200-1400 mg/L). The challenge in this research is that most algae species are sensitive to high ammonia concentrations (>1 mM)(Abalde and Mezzamo, 2009). Despite the numerous wastewaters that contain high ammonia concentrations, i.e. landfill leachate, piggery manure, reject water and biogas digestate, the progress in finding sustainable treatment methods is taking time. This despite the fact that climate change, eutrophication and eco-toxicity is negatively affected by this commonly occurring component. Further, nitrogen is a valuable nutrient that in conventional WWTP is just released into the air without any recycling or recovery.

    In this article, we present a study where algae were cultivated as a mean for treatment of wastewater reject water and swine manure from a piggery farm. The algae inoculum was pretreated from lake water, sampled in mid Sweden during summer algae blooms. Lake Mälaren is a shallow lake with a rich algae consortia, optimized for the local climate. During seasonal algae blooms, the lake demonstrates the extremely rapid growth rate of the algae such as cyanobacteria, green algae and diatoms. Algae inoculum, wastewater substrate and dilution media (tap water) were mixed in various ranges of ammonium concentrations to evaluate the nutrient removal and algae biomass growth. During the algae cultivation experiment, chlorophyll, optical density and TS were used as indicators for algae biomass growth. Flow Injection System (FIA) was used for nutrient analysis.

    The two main findings in this research are that algae growth is inhibited by ammonia but that it is possible to grow algae in readily high ammonia concentrations. Moreover, significant amount of ammonium were removed by algae during the cultivation in the reactors.

  • 2.
    Olsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Feng, Xin Mei
    JTI, Swedish Inst Agr & Environm Engn, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden .
    Ascue, Johnny
    JTI, Swedish Inst Agr & Environm Engn, SE-75007 Uppsala, Sweden .
    Gentili, Francesco G.
    Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Wildlife Fish & Environm Studies, SE-90183 Umea, Sweden .
    Shabiimam, M. A.
    Indian Inst Technol, Ctr Environm Sci & Engn, Bombay 400076, Maharashtra, India.
    Nehrenheim, Emma
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Thorin, Eva
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Co-digestion of cultivated microalgae and sewage sludge from municipal waste water treatment2014Ingår i: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 171, s. 203-210Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study two wet microalgae cultures and one dried microalgae culture were co-digested in different proportions with sewage sludge in mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. The aim was to evaluate if the co-digestion could lead to an increased efficiency of methane production compared to digestion of sewage sludge alone. The results showed that co-digestion with both wet and dried microalgae, in certain proportions, increased the biochemical methane potential (BMP) compared with digestion of sewage sludge alone in mesophilic conditions. The BMP was significantly higher than the calculated BMP in many of the mixtures. This synergetic effect was statistically significant in a mixture containing 63% (w/w VS based) undigested sewage sludge and 37% (w/w VS based) wet algae slurry, which produced 23% more methane than observed with undigested sewage sludge alone. The trend was that thermophilic co-digestion of microalgae and undigested sewage sludge did not give the same synergy.

  • 3.
    Olsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Ma, Shabiimam
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Nehrenheim, Emma
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Thorin, Eva
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Co-digestion of cultivated microalgae and sewage sludge from municipal waste water treatmentManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    One way to meet the increased demand for biogas in the society is to use microalgae as substrate. These algae would be cultivated in a treatment step of photobioreactors for reject water from sludge dewatering facilities. In the present study, a co-digestion experiment was established where sludge from a municipal wastewater treatment plant was fermented with harvested microalgae cultivated in lake water from lake Mälaren. The experiment was carried out as a BMP-test (Biochemical Methane Potential) under mesophilic condition (37°C) with fermentation bottles, where 0, 12, 25 and 37%, of the sludge was replaced with harvested microalgae. The results showed that the biogas production was improved with 12% for the bottles with 12% microalgae compared with the bottles with only sludge as a substrate. In the bottles with 25% and 37% microalgaes the gas production was slightly reduced compared with the bottles where only sludge was used.

  • 4.
    Olsson, Jesper
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Shabiimam, MA
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Nehrenheim, Emma
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling. Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Thorin, Eva
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    CO-DIGESTION OF CULTIVATED MICROALGAE AND SEWAGE SLUDGE FROM MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER TREATMENT2013Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The demand for biogas is continuously growing and the biogas substrate, such as food waste, may soon become limited and it is therefore important for biogas producers to expand the range of substrates. One way can be to use microalgae in co-digestion with sewage sludge.

    The present study explores the possibilities to use harvested microalgae from Lake Mälaren, as a co-substrate to sewage sludge in biogas production under mesophilic and thermophilic conditions. The aim is to investigate if co- digestion of microalgae and sewage sludge is more efficient for biogas production compared using the sludge alone. The study has been carried out as a BMP-experiment (Biochemical Methane Potential) in batch fermentation bottles. The substrate was undigested sludge where 0%, 12 %, 25 % and 37 % were replaced with the cultivated microalgae. The results showed that the use of an algae/bacteria community, cultivated in prior to digestion, can serve as a biomass substrate for biogas production together with municipal wastewater sludge. Co-digestion of microalgae and sewage sludge can be more efficient for biogas production compared to using the sludge alone under mesophilic conditions. It can also be concluded that thermophilic co-digestion between the microalgae and sludge give lower biochemical methane potential. 

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