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  • 1.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Att lära sig och andra att vila2009Ingår i: Vårdpedagogiska utmaningar / [ed] Bentling Sonja och Jonsson Bosse, Stockholm: Liber, 2009, 1.a, s. 267-288Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Begreppet Vila2012Ingår i: Vårdvetenskapliga begrepp i teori och praktik / [ed] Wiklund Gustin, Lena; Bergbom, Ingegerd, Lund, 2012, 1, s. 461-471Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    Vila är ett fenomen som har betydelse för människors hälsa. Under vilan sker återhämtning om man upplever balans, harmoni och kan känna sig hel. Kapitlet handlar om vad vila innebär och hur vårdandet kan skapas för att  ge människor förutsättningar för att uppleva vila.

  • 3.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Begreppet Vila2017Ingår i: Vårdvetenskapliga begrepp i teori och praktik / [ed] Wiklund, L & Bergbohm, I, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, s. 437-447Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 4.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Begreppsutveckling på livsvärldsfenomenologisk grund2017Ingår i: Vårdvetenskapliga begrepp i teori och praktik / [ed] Wiklund Gustin L & Bergbom I, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, 2, s. 49-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 5.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Developing a concept of Rest from a lifeworld perspective and by phenomenological interviewing.2017Ingår i: SAGE Research Method CasesArtikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 6.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Editorial, SJCS September 2017 issue: NCCS in the past and for the future2017Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 31, nr 3, s. 425-426Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 7.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Rest: A Health-Related phenomenon and concept in Caring Science2015Ingår i: Global Qualitative Nursing Research, ISSN 2333-3936, Vol. 2, artikel-id 2333393615583663Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Rest is a health-related phenomenon. Researchers have explored the phenomenon of rest, but further concept development is recommended. The aim of my study was to develop and describe a concept of rest, from interviews with a total of 63 participants about their lived experiences of rest. I performed the developing process in two stages: first with descriptive phenomenology and second with a hermeneutic approach. The concept of rest is comprised of the essences of both rest and “non-rest,” and there is a current movement between these two conditions in peoples’ lives. The essence of rest is being in harmony in motivation, feeling, and action. The essence of non-rest is being in disharmony in motivation, feeling, and action. The essences reveal some meaning constituents. Health care professionals and researchers can use the concept as a frame of reference in health care praxis and in applied research.

  • 8.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Vila och lärande om vila. En studie på livsvärldsfenomenologisk grund2002Doktorsavhandling, monografi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [sv]

    Avhandlingsarbetets syfte var att utifrån människors levda erfarenheter av vila, utveckla en tentativ teori om vila och om lärande avseende vila. Den kunskapen har utgjort grund för att beskriva hur förutsättningar för lärande avseende vila kan skapas. En modell för lärande avseede vila har utvecklats, i vilken en ömsesidighet mellan innehåll, lärande och förutsättningar för lärande beaktas.

    Studien genomfördes med en livsvärldsfenomenologisk ansats och med intervju som datainsamlingsmetod. Analysen genomfördes enligt en beskivande fenomenlogisk metodologi, i syfte att beskriva fenomenets generella struktur

    En generell struktur av fenomenet vila, implicerar en dualitet mellan vila och icke-vila. Essensen i vila utgörs av en harmoni i vilja, känsla och handling Vilan gestaltas i och med att en inre verklighet avseende behov och längtan överensstämmer med den yttre verklighetens beskaffenhet. Till vilans essens relateras innebördselementen: vilorytm i livet, stämningar av skönhet och trevnad, bejakad utan bedömning, frihet från bekymmer och tvång, samvaro med gemensamt intresse, att dröja, lustfylld stimulans och lustfylld utmaning.

    Essensen i icke- vila är disharmoni i vilja, känsla och handling. Upplevelsen av disharmoni tär på krafterna och blir allt påtagligare ju längre icke-vilan pågår.

    Att lära sig vila innebär att bli medveten om sitt behov av att ha en livsrytm som ger utrymme för vila, att tillåta sig att leva i en sådan rytm och att finna eller skapa källor där kraft kan hämtas.

    Modellen för lärande avseende vila består av tre dimensioner: lärande om vila, lärande i vila och lärande genom vila. Lärande om vila kan relateras till idëer om livsvärld, levd kropp, tid och rum, cirkularitet och intentionalitet. Lärande genom vila kan relateras till hälsa och lärande i vila kan relateras till etiska och estetiska aspekter.

     

  • 9.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    KTH, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Trötthet, vila och sömn2014Ingår i: Omvårdnadens grunder: Hälsa och ohälsa / [ed] A-K Edberg & H Wijk, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 2:1, s. 363-417Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 10.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    KTH.
    Trötthet, vila och sömn2009Ingår i: Omvårdnadens grunder.: Hälsa och ohälsa / [ed] Edberg, A-K och Wijk Helle, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2009, 1:a, s. 417-487Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 11.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Ekstedt, Mirjam
    Trötthet, vila, sömn2019Ingår i: Omvårdnadens grunder: Hälsa och ohälsa / [ed] Edberg A-K & Wijk H, Lund: studentlitteratur , 2019, 3, s. 377-420Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 12.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Ersta Sköndal University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Begreppsutveckling på livsvärldsfenomenologisk grund2012Ingår i: Vårdvetenskapliga begrepp i teori och praktik / [ed] Wiklund, Lena; Bergbom, Ingegerd, Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2012, 1, s. 65-77Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrig (populärvetenskap, debatt, mm))
    Abstract [sv]

    I kapitlet presenteras en modell för att utveckla begrepp på livsvärldsfenomenologisk grund. Det förs en argumentation föratt denna kunskapsteoretiska grund stämmer överens med antaganden om vad som karaktäriserar en människa liksom hälsorelaterade fenomen som patienter erfar och vårdare reflekterar över.

  • 13.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Institutionen för vårdvetenskap, Ersta Sköndal Högskola.
    Developing concepts in caring science based on a lifeworld perspective2005Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 4, nr 2, s. 1-10Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Concept development is a significant form of inquiry to expand and develop the knowledge base in caring science. The authors´aim in this article is to illuminate the possibility of working with concept development, based on a life world perspective, especially Merleau-Ponty´s philosophy of language, wherein phenomenological, semiological, and pragmatic dimensions are included. the theoretical discussion shows that it is possible to create methodological principles for concept development based on epistemological foundations that are consistent with ontological assumptions in caring science.

  • 14.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap. Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The woven fabric: - a metaphor of nursing care: the major subject in nursing education2002Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, Vol. 16, nr 2, s. 115-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Society's future needs regarding health care present challenges to traditional nursing education. Today, the ambition is to create a nursing role that is appropriate to people's health care needs rather than the needs of the health care system. In nursing education, the major subject - nursing care - is central. Accordingly, there is a need for a consistent and clear articulation of this subject as well as the nursing profession. The aim of the present study was to interpret and describe the major subject, its content and structure in the nursing programme at Malardalen University. With a hermeneutic approach an interpretation and application emerged as a metaphor of nursing care - the woven fabric. In this structure concepts function as bridges linking theory and practice, whereby it is possible to integrate different aspects of knowledge in order to think, feel and act nursing care.

  • 15.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Simonsson, B.
    Reg Västmanland, Competence Ctr Hlth, Västerås, Sweden..
    Larm, P.
    Uppsala Univ, Clin Res Ctr, Västerås, Sweden..
    Molarius, A.
    Reg Västmanland, Competence Ctr Hlth, Västerås, Sweden..
    The association between physical activity and obesity differs by physical mobility among elderly2017Ingår i: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 27, nr Supplement: 3Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 16.
    Asp, Margareta
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Simonsson, B.
    Competence Ctr Hlth Reg Västmanland, Västerås, Sweden.
    Peter, Larm
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Uppsala Univ, Sweden.
    Molarius, A.
    Karlstad Univ, Sweden.
    Physical mobility, physical activity, and obesity among elderly: findings from a large population-based Swedish survey2017Ingår i: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 147, s. 84-91Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To examine how physical activity and physical mobility are related to obesity in the elderly. Study design: A cross-sectional study of 2558 men and women aged 65 years and older who participated in a population survey in 2012 was conducted in mid-Sweden with an overall response rate of 67%. Methods: Obesity (body mass index >= 30 kg/m(2)) was based on self-reported weight and height, and physical activity and physical mobility on questionnaire data. Chi-squared test and multiple logistic regressions were used as statistical analyses. Results: The overall prevalence of obesity was 19% in women and 15% in men and decreased after the age of 75 years. A strong association between both physical activity and obesity, and physical mobility and obesity was found. The odds for obesity were higher for impaired physical mobility (odds ratio [OR] 2.83, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.14-3.75) than for physical inactivity (OR 1.63, 95% CI 1.28-2.08) when adjusted for gender, age, socio-economic status and fruit and vegetable intake. However, physical activity was associated with obesity only among elderly with physical mobility but not among those with impaired physical mobility. Conclusion: It is important to focus on making it easier for elderly with physical mobility to become or stay physically active, whereas elderly with impaired physical mobility have a higher prevalence of obesity irrespective of physical activity.

  • 17.
    Frank, Catharina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Dahlberg, Karin
    Växjö University.
    Patient participation in emergency care. A phenomenographic analysis of caregivers´conceptions2009Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 18, nr 18, s. 2555-2562Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 18.
    Frank, Catharina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Dahlberg, Karin
    School of Health Sciences and Social Work, Växjö University.
    Patient participation in emergency care- A phenomenographic study based on patients' lived experience2009Ingår i: International emergency nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 15-22Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    International guidelines promote patient participation in health care. When patients participate in their care they experience greater satisfaction. Studies have shown that patients in emergency departments express dissatisfaction with their care, and it was therefore important to study how patients understand and conceptualize their participation. The aim of this study was to describe patients’ qualitatively different conceptions of patient participation in their care in an emergency department. Based on a lifeworld perspective, nine interviews were performed with patients in an emergency department. The phenomenographic analysis shows that participation by patients means contact with the emergency department staff in three categories of conceptions: being acknowledged; struggling to become involved; and having a clear space. The different conceptions of patient participation give us a deeper understanding of how patients may experience their care, and this result may provide a foundation for developing nursing practice and the quality of health care in line with international guidelines.

     

  • 19.
    Frank, Catharina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Hälsohögskolan, Jönköping.
    Baigi, Amir
    Halland County Council, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Questionnarie for patient participation in emergency departments: development and psychometric testing2011Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 67, nr 3, s. 643-651Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim The aim of the study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of a patient participation questionnaire in emergency departments.

     

    Background Patient participation is an important indicator of quality of healthcare. International and national health care policy guidelines promote patient participation. While patients cared for in emergency departments generally express dissatisfaction with their care, a review of the literature fails to reveal any scientifically tested research instruments for assessing patient participation from the perspective of patients.

     

    Methods A methodological study was conducted involving a convenience sample of 356 patients recently cared for in emergency departments in Sweden. Data was collected in 2008 and the analyses performed were tested for construct and criterion validity and also homogeneity and stability reliability.

     

    Results A 17- item questionnaire was developed. Two separate factor analyses revealed a distinct four- factor solution which was labelled: fight for participation, requirement for participation, mutual participation and participating in getting basic needs satisfied. Criterion validity presented showed 9 out of 20 correlations above 0.30 and of those 3 moderate correlations of 0.62, 0.63 and 0.70. Cronbach’s alpha coefficient ranged from 0.63 - 0.84 and test- retest varied between 0.59 and 0.93.

     

    Conclusion The results signify evidence of acceptable validity and reliability and the questionnaire makes it possible to evaluate patient participation in ED caring situations. In addition it produces data which is useable by a diverse range of healthcare professionals.

     

  • 20.
    Frank, Catharina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Baigi, Amir
    General Practice and Public Health, Halland County Council, Falkenberg, Sweden.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Patient participation in the emergency department: an evaluation using a specific instrument to measure patient participation (PPED2011Ingår i: Journal of Advanced Nursing, ISSN 0309-2402, E-ISSN 1365-2648, Vol. 67, nr 4, s. 728-735Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim:  This study aimed at evaluating patient participation from the perspective of patients who received care in emergency departments, with a separate examination of the relationship between participation and age, sex, education and priority level.

    Background: International and national guidelines encourage patient participation. High patient participation is required to ensure a high quality of care. No studies evaluating patient participation at an emergency department have been published.

    Methods: An evaluating study, with the Patient Participation Emergency Department questionnaire, was conducted at emergency departments in Sweden. A consecutive sample of 356 patients participated. Data was collected in 2008: participants were 49% women and with an average age of 56 years. The statistical methods used were Student’s t-test, one-way ANOVA and Spearman correlation.

    Results: The results revealed that patients experienced good requirement such as time and information for participation. Mutual participation demonstrated a reasonable level but patient participation is low in two dimensions (Fight for participation, Participation in getting basic needs satisfied). Young and well‑educated patients fought more to participate in their care and gained less attention for basic needs than older and less well‑educated patients.

    Conclusions: Patient participation in a mutual care situation between patients and healthcare professionals requires further improvement to ensure that patients are satisfied and do not have to struggle and fight in order to participate in their care.

  • 21.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Municipal Night Nurses’ Experience of the Meaning of Caring2009Ingår i: Nursing Ethics, ISSN 0969-7330, E-ISSN 1477-0989, Vol. 16, nr 5, s. 599-612Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to elucidate municipal night registered nurses’ (RNs) experiences of the meaning of caring in nursing. The research context involved all night duty RNs working in municipal care of older people in a medium-sized municipality located in central Sweden. The meaning of caring in nursing was experienced as: caring for by advocacy, superior responsibility in caring, and consultative nursing service. The municipal night RNs’ experience of caring is interpreted as meanings in paradoxes: ‘being close at distance’, the condition of ‘being responsible with insignificant control’, and ‘being interdependently independent’. The RNs’ experience of the meaning of caring involves focusing on the care recipient by advocating their perspectives. The meaning of caring in this context is an endeavour to grasp an overall caring responsibility by responding tovocational and personal demands regarding the issue of being a RN, in guaranteeing ethical, qualitative and competent care for older people.

  • 22.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Reflection in night nursing: a phenomenographic study of municipal night duty registered nurses' conceptions of reflection2009Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 18, nr 10, s. 1460-1469Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim. The aim of the study was to describe nurses' conception of reflection in their working situation. Background. To be a municipal night duty registered nurse in Sweden means to shoulder nursing care responsibility for numerous units with older people in need of care. Two night nurses share nursing care responsibility for up to 1300 people. In nursing research, reflection is an often-mentioned phenomenon discussed with advantages and benefits within the 'traditional fields' of nursing (hospital context). A question to ask is, how do night nurses having an untraditional amount of nursing care responsibility conceptualise and experience reflection in their working situation? Design. A phenomenographic methodology was used. Methods. Data were collected by interviewing all nurses (n = 7) in a medium-sized municipality bordering a metropolitan area of Sweden. Results. The nurses' conceptions of reflection are categorised as 'Field of applications' (an instrument for interpreting, a strategy for handling the working situation and an approach to learning) and 'Field of prerequisites' (presence facilitates reflection; flexibility implies reflection; courage in thought and activity increases reflection). Conclusion. The findings reveal that reflection in the nurses' working situation is more than an instrument for learning, understanding and encouragement for change and improvement. Reflection is conceptualised as an instrument for interpreting nursing care situations, which requires courage and is facilitated by presence and flexibility. Reflection is also conceptualised as an approach to handling, managing and coping with a sometimes impossible working situation that includes nursing responsibility for hundreds of older people and can sometimes entail difficulties and stress. Relevance to clinical practice. The findings showed that reflection has a broader use than had earlier been described. Deliberate use of reflection could mean improved nursing practice. This guides nursing managers to pay attention to the phenomenon as an instrument for nursing care improvement.

  • 23.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Reflective Practice in Nursing Care: embedded assumptions in qualitative studies2007Ingår i: International Journal of Nursing Practice, ISSN 1322-7114, E-ISSN 1440-172X, Vol. 13, nr 3, s. 151-160Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Qualitative nursing researchers have long recognized that reflective practice (RP) seems to be a valuable tool in nursing care. The aim of the present meta-study was to analyse current qualitative research on RP in nursing care, in order to create and synthesize the knowledge and the understanding of registered nurses' RP. Using a meta-study synthesis approach, embedded assumptions were identified in qualitative studies that have influenced the way researchers have interpreted and made sense of RP in nursing care. Despite empirical focus in research on RP in nursing care, it was found that assumptions about RP were predominantly based on theory. The reflective movement within the practice of nursing care has mainly a constructivist epistemology, based on learning from experience. The individual nurse's RP capability is essential in providing and improving ethical and holistic nursing care

  • 24.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Ersta Sköndal högskola.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Dependency in autonomous caring: – night nurses’ working conditions for caring in nursing2010Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 24, nr 2, s. 312-320Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Few research studies have focused on nurses' working conditions for caring provided at night, and these studies have mainly described nurses' work in hospital settings, not in a municipal, social-care context. In Swedish municipal care, nurses have responsibility for hundreds of older people in need of care. This working condition compromises caring encounters; instead the nurses' caring is mainly mediated through care staff (or relatives). In considering that caring based on caring encounters is fundamental to ethical nursing practice questions leads to the aim: to explore Swedish municipal night nurses' experiences of their working conditions for caring in nursing. All municipal night-duty nurses (n = 7) in a medium-sized community in Sweden participated in interviews, while six of them also wrote diaries. Thematic content analysis has been used in analysing the data. The findings revealed that the nurses experienced their working conditions for caring in nursing in the themes of Dependency in the Organisation and Other Staff, Vocational Responsibility, Deficiency in Conditions for Caring and Autonomous Caring. The findings illustrate privileged, as well as, poor working conditions for caring in nursing. The nurses' role as consultants emerge as their main function. The consultant function implies that nurses do not participate in ordinary bed-side caring, which makes it easier for them to find time for caring in situations that arise when nurses' skills, expertise and authority are called upon. Conversely the consultancy function entails short-term solution of complex caring problems, which can signify deficient caring due to prevailing working conditions. The findings also point to nurses' possible problems in fulfilling their own and vocational demands for ethics in the practice of caring in nursing related to existing working conditions.

  • 25.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Ersta Sköndal University, Stockholm, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Supportive leadership in Swedish community night nursing2010Ingår i: Journal of Nursing Management, ISSN 0966-0429, E-ISSN 1365-2834, Vol. 18, nr 7, s. 822-831Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim  The aim of the present study was to examine the support night nurses’ give to staff in community night nursing.

    Background  Studies have shown that support given to staff is one of night registered nurses’ (RNs’) experiences of the meaning of caring. This support, that community RNs display for staff in night-time care, is sparsely described.

    Methods  All community night-duty nurses in a medium-sized municipal in Sweden participated in the present study. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse data from observations.

    Results  The support given by RNs to staff is described using three themes: (1) a conditional supporting stance, (2) preparing propitious conditions for caring and (3) confidence in the abilities of individual staff members and adaptation to their individual needs. The results reveal that RNs consider support to staff in terms of nursing leadership.

    Conclusions  Out of ‘concern for the staff’ the RNs try to be there for them, which corresponds to nursing leadership. Such concern also arises from the RNs’ awareness that by giving support to staff this affects the staffs’ caring for older people.

    Implications for nursing management  The current municipal social care organization of community nursing of older people in which RNs have extensive responsibilities with insufficient control, is a working condition with a risk for decreased quality of care and a high risk for work-related stress syndrome.

    The aim of the present study was to examine the support night nurses give to staff in community night nursing. Studies have shown that support given to staff is one of night registered nurses (RNs) experiences of the meaning of caring. This support, that community RNs display for staff in night-time care, is sparsely described.

    All community night-duty nurses in a medium-sized municipal in Sweden participated in the present study. Thematic content analysis was used to analyse data from observations. The support given by RNs to staff is described using three themes: (1) a conditional supporting stance, (2) preparing propitious conditions for caring and (3) confidence in the abilities of individual staff members and adaptation to their individual needs. The results reveal that RNs consider support to staff in terms of nursing leadership.Conclusions Out of concern for the staff  the RNs try to be there for them, which corresponds to nursing leadership. Such concern also arises from the RNs awareness that by giving support to staff this affects the staffs caring for older people. Implications for nursing management The current municipal social care organization of community nursing of older people in which RNs have extensive responsibilities with insufficient control, is a working condition with a risk for decreased quality of care and a high risk for work-related stress syndrome.

  • 26.
    Manasatchakun, Pornpun
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Boromarajonani College of Nursing Udon Thani, Udon Thani, Thailand .
    Chotiga, Pleumjit
    Boromarajonani College of Nursing Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Hochwälder, Jacek
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; VID Specialized University, Bergen, Norway .
    Sandborgh, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Factors Associated with Healthy Aging among Older Persons in Northeastern Thailand2016Ingår i: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 31, nr 4, s. 369-384Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe factors associated with perceived health and healthy aging among older people in northeastern Thailand. Thailand’s aging population is growing and facing an increasing old-age dependency ratio. Northeastern Thailand, known as Isan, is a region in which the number of older residents is projected to grow rapidly. Older people in this region are likely to confront great threats to their health and well-being. These issues require appropriate attention and actions to promote healthy aging. However, healthy aging in this region has not been studied. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 453 older people, aged 60 years or older. Participants completed the Healthy Aging Instrument (HAI) and provided relevant demographic characteristics. Mann-Whitney U tests, Kruskal-Wallis tests and multiple regression models were used to analyze the data. Through comparative analyses, significant differences in HAI scores were observed for the following factors: marital status, residential area, disability, income level, and perceived meaningfulness in life. In the multiple regression models, residential area, disability, and marital status explained 24.30 % of the variance in HAI scores. Health promotion strategies and future targeted intervention programs should consider the importance of these factors. 

  • 27.
    Manasatchakun, Pornpun
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Boromarajonani College of Nursing Udon Thani, Udon Thani, Thailand .
    Chotiga, Pleumjit
    Boromarajonani Coll Nursing Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; VID Specialized University, Bergen, Norway .
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Healthy ageing in Isan-Thai culture-A phenomenographic study based on older persons' lived experiences2016Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, artikel-id 29463Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [sv]

    Healthy ageing is a concept that concerns older persons' quality of life and is a key factor in promoting well-being. The older population in Thailand is growing. Isan (a region of north-eastern Thailand) has been reported as having one of the most rapidly increasing older populations in the country. In order to care for and promote the health of older people, healthcare providers should understand how healthy ageing is perceived by this target group. Although healthy ageing has been studied in different contexts as well as perspectives, no studies have previously focused on older persons' experiences of healthy ageing from a lifeworld perspective in Isan-Thai. Therefore, the aim of this study is to describe older persons' qualitatively different conceptions of healthy ageing in Isan-Thai culture. A phenomenographic approach with an epistemological base in lifeworld theory was used to disclose the various ways to conceptualize healthy ageing. Individual, qualitative interviews were conducted with 17 people aged 60 and above who live in Isan-Thai. The findings of this study revealed three categories of descriptions: "being independent in dependence,'' "being at peace,'' and "being a valuable person.'' This study also found family members, friends, healthcare providers, and religion important to healthy ageing in the Isan-Thai culture. Understanding how older people conceptualize healthy ageing is valuable for healthcare providers. They can apply these findings regarding healthy ageing in their fieldwork when caring for older people.

  • 28.
    Manasatchakun, Pornpun
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Boromarajonani College of Nursing Udon Thani, Udon Thani, Thailand .
    Roxberg, Åsa
    School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; VID Specialized University, Bergen, Norway .
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Conceptions of healthy ageing held by relatives of older people in Isan-Thai culture: A phenomenographic study2018Ingår i: Journal of Aging Research, ISSN 2090-2204, E-ISSN 2090-2212, artikel-id 3734645Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Healthy ageing has been studied in various contexts. However, no studies have focused on healthy ageing from the perspective of children or grandchildren, who are the main informal caregivers for older people in northeast Thailand, also referred to as the Isan region. Therefore, this study aimed to describe the conceptions of healthy ageing harboured by children and grandchildren caring for older people in northeast Thailand. A qualitative descriptive design was performed using a phenomenographic approach with an epistemological basis in the lifeworld theory to understand the varying conceptions of healthy ageing based on participants’ lived experience. We conducted in-depth interviews comprising open-ended questions to gain an understanding of the conceptions of healthy ageing held by 14 children and grandchildren of older persons in northeast Thailand. The data collected during these interviews were analysed using the phenomenographic analysis method. The results of our analysis indicated that the conceptions of healthy ageing can be categorized into the following four descriptive categories: being independent, not being afflicted by diseases or illnesses, being a giver and a receiver, and being wise. These findings highlight that healthy ageing entails autonomy, interdependence and wisdom and emphasize the importance of holistic view on the meaning of healthy ageing. Healthcare providers should understand the different meanings of healthy ageing from the perspectives of children and grandchildren of older people and integrate their perspectives when collaborating with them to promote healthy ageing. The findings of this study may facilitate further research and ensure the provision of support to the relatives of older people to promote healthy ageing in northeast Thailand. 

  • 29.
    Manasatchakun, Pornpun
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Boromarajonani College of Nursing Udon Thani, Udon Thani, Thailand .
    Tassana, Choowattanapakorn
    Faculty of Nursing, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand .
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; VID Specialized University, Bergen, Norway .
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Community nurses’ experiences regarding the meaning and promotion of healthy aging in northeastern Thailand2018Ingår i: Journal of Holistic Nursing, ISSN 0898-0101, E-ISSN 1552-5724, nr 36, s. 54-67Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Describe community nurses’ experiences regarding the meaning and promotion of healthy aging in northeastern Thailand. Method: Data were collected through five focus group interviews with 36 community nurses in northeastern Thailand. Latent content analysis was conducted to analyze the data. Findings: Healthy aging was characterized by the interconnection of older persons, older persons’ family members and the community. Healthy aging was associated with two themes: “being strong” and “being a supporter and feeling supported”. The nurses’ experiences in promoting healthy aging were described by the themes “providing health assessment”, “sharing knowledge” and “having limited resources”. Conclusions: The findings of this study provide a deeper understanding of the meaning of healthy aging from a holistic viewpoint. Community nurses must pay attention to older persons and their surroundings when planning how to promote healthy aging. Person-centredness should be applied in practice to promote healthy aging. The current findings contribute useful information that should help policy makers develop healthy-aging strategies in Thailand.

  • 30.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Centrum för klinisk forskning Region Sörmland.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Photo-elicided conversation in dementia care: A case study.2019Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 31.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    FOU Region Sörmland.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Photo-elicited conversations about therapy dogs as a tool for engagement and communication in dementia care: a case study.2019Ingår i: Animals, ISSN 2076-2615, E-ISSN 2076-2615, Vol. 9, nr 820Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding the inner life of people with dementia can be challenging and there is aneed for new and dierent approaches. Previous research shows that people with dementia canexperience emotions such as harmony, closeness, and joy as well as sadness and concern wheninteracting with a therapy dog. Simultaneously, memories of past episodes are brought back to lifewhen the person interacts with the dog. This raises questions about whether photos of interactionwith a dog can evoke memories or support people with dementia in communicating emotions in acorresponding way. The aim of this study was to explore photo-elicited conversations as a tool forengagement and communication in dementia care. Repeated video observations of photo-elicitedconversations between a woman with dementia and a dog handler/assistant nurse were used tocollect data. The video recordings were analyzed with a phenomenological hermeneutical method.The role of photo-elicited conversations as a tool for engagement and communication in dementiacare is that the conversations can help the person with dementia to feel a sense of being situatedand recall feelings of liveliness and belongingness, and thus supporting the person’s sense of self.The results can be used to deepen nursing sta’s understanding of using photo-elicited conversationsin dementia care.

  • 32.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    An exploration of formal care from the perspective of middle-aged heart failure patients2007Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing: Volume 6, Supplement 1, Pages S1-S58 (March 2007), 2007Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose

    To explore and describe the phenomenon: Formal care from the perspective of middle-aged persons living with HF.

    Methods

    Data was collected in seven unstructured interviews with middle-aged people (four men, three women) living with moderate-severe HF. It was analysed using a phenomenological approach.

    Results

    People with HF are dependent on care and treatment. Formal care, in the form of medication or other treatments, balances the life situation and gives hope for relief and access to a rich and meaningful life again. Care, thus, means hope for a change or improvement and makes life possible to live.

    Within the context of formal care patients are able to surrender to a secure retreat. When they surrender to care they should be the ones to whom care is given, but instead they turn into objects to be examined and treated, almost as if they were not there. As carers reduce patients to objects, to someone or something which is categorised, treated or informed on basis of standard guidelines, they feel powerless and that they have no value in the carer's eyes. The patients feel betrayed and they do not trust or rely on carers or on the care that they receive and need.

    Formal care is performed within an organisation with a structure which patients perceive as unclear. It is an organisation in which individuals are not seen or the individual's needs are not provided for. The organisation is to a great extent governed by routines, financial values and bureaucracy. The hospital environment and its routines depersonalise patients, which increases their feelings of uncertainty towards carers and to the caregiving organisation. Patients experience that carers expect them to be active in their health process and to participate in decision-making, but nobody clearly explain to them what they are up against, what they have do deal with. Instead of an opportunity to gain increased access to life, which in spite of illness and limits can be a bearable and meaningful life, patients are left with confusion and existential uncertainty.

    Conclusion

    Demands on high quality medical care signify that routines and recommendations must be followed. However, there is a danger, if care is performed solely on basis of routines and recommendations, that carers disregard the uniqueness in each patient's life situation. Carers need to find approaches to formal care that acknowledges individuals and at the same time ensures good quality medical care for patients.

  • 33.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap. Växjö University.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    An exploration of the phenomenon of formal care from the perspective of middle-aged heart failure patients2007Ingår i: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, ISSN 1474-5151, Vol. 6, nr 2, s. 121-129Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Despite a considerable amount of research into heart failure there remains a divergence between the care available and patient's needs. The predominant biomedical perspective is more focused on the disease rather than the patient. In order to deliver formal care appropriate to the needs of middle-aged patients with moderate-severe HF it is imperative to gain the perspective of the individual patient. AIMS: The aim of the current study was to explore and understand the phenomenon: Formal care as experienced from the perspective of middle-aged patients living with HF. METHODS: The study was performed using a lifeworld perspective. Data was collected in seven unstructured interviews with middle-aged people living with moderate-severe HF. Data was analysed using a phenomenological approach. RESULTS: Formal care, as experienced by middle-aged patients living with moderate to severe HF, means hope to once again be able to have access to life. However, the meaning of formal care is ambiguous, which signifies that care means both health and suffering at the same time. The essence's meaning constituents are: dependency of care, surrender to care and unclear participation. CONCLUSION: The experience of formal care means both well-being and suffering at the same time. Patients' suffering in relation to formal care can be reduced if formal carers act from an ethical patient perspective point of view and if carers regard patients' lived experiences.

  • 34.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Living with Moderate – Severe CHF as a Middle-Aged Person: A Phenomenological Study2006Ingår i: QHR2006: Understanding differing perspectives in health and health care, 2006Konferensbidrag (Refereegranskat)
  • 35.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Växjö University.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Living with moderate-severe chronic heart failure as a middle-aged person2007Ingår i: Qualitative Health Research, ISSN 1049-7323, E-ISSN 1552-7557, Vol. 17, nr 1, s. 4-13Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article the authors describe a study focusing on middle-aged persons living with chronic heart failure (CHF), a group with which few studies have been conducted. They used the lifeworld perspective to focus on persons' lived experiences of the phenomenon, that is, living with moderate-severe CHF as a middle-aged person. They interviewed 7 middle-aged persons (4 men, 3 women; aged 38 to 65 years) and analyzed the data obtained using a phenomenological approach. The phenomenon's essence is described as a life situation characterized by a failing body, a life constantly under threat, a rapidly changing health condition, and an altered self-image, which implies that the persons live in a changed life situation. The essence was further illuminated by three meaning constituents: an ambiguity of the body, losing track of life, and balancing life. Knowledge from this study will help caregivers understand and support patients with this debilitating condition.

  • 36.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd. Vaxjo University, Vaxjo, Sweden .
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Safety and understanding: Support as experienced by women living with heart failure in middle age2008Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 3, nr 1, s. 39-51Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    To reformulate and adjust to their life-situation, women living with heart failure (HF) need help and support. However, the actual meaning of the phenomenon of support is not yet well described. The aim of the study was to uncover the meaning of the phenomenon of support as experienced by women living with HF in middle age. A reflective lifeworld approach within the perspective of caring science was used. Six women (aged 33-61 years) were interviewed. The findings show that the essence of support can be understood as safety, depicted by understanding. However, there is tension between what is supportive and what is not, meaning that even though intentions are good, intended support may involve limitations, uncertainties or insecurity. The meaning of support is further illuminated in the following constituents: "knowledge and understanding", "finding balance", "ambiguity of relationships" and "support and formal care - a matter of trust and mistrust". Findings demonstrate the need for carers to find an approach that ensures both good quality medical care and, at the same time, acknowledges the uniqueness of each individual.

  • 37.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Institutionen för vård- och folkhälsovetenskap.
    Support as experienced by men living with heart failure in middle age: A phenomenological study2008Ingår i: International Journal of Nursing Studies, ISSN 0020-7489, Vol. 45, nr 9, s. 1344-1354Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Men living with heart failure (HF) in middle-age experience restrictions limiting their work capacity and/or social activities. To adjust to the life-situation they need support. The meaning of the phenomenon of support is not well known. Thus, formal carers may find it problematic to know how to support patients. AIM: The aim of the current study was to uncover and describe the meaning of the phenomenon of support as experienced by men living with HF in middle age. DESIGN: The study used a caring science perspective and a reflective lifeworld approach based on phenomenological philosophy. PARTICIPANTS AND SETTINGS: Nine men, aged 49-64 years and diagnosed with HF, were recruited from two outpatient HF clinics in Sweden. METHODS: Interviews were used for data gathering. Data were analyzed by means of reflective lifeworld research. FINDINGS: The essence of support as experienced by men living with HF in middle age can be understood as security, and a sense of having control over body and situation. Support is realized in the men's relations to other people; there is however tension between what is supportive and what is not, meaning that even though intentions are good, intended support involves limitations, uncertainties or insecurity. The essence is illuminated by the following meaning constitutes: Support-a tenuous security; Medications-a support for life; Conditional support within the context of formal care; and, Information and knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: The meaning of support as experienced by men living with HF in middle age is multi-dimensional, qualitative and contextual. When the men are supported they gain a sense of security and control, giving them strength to handle their life-situation. A lifeworld-led approach in the context of formal care can help formal carers support men living with HF in middle age.

  • 38.
    Nordgren, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    The use of qualitative evidence in clinical care2008Ingår i: Evidence-Based Nursing, ISSN 1367-6539, E-ISSN 1468-9618, Vol. 11, nr 1, s. 4-5Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
  • 39.
    Norfjord Van Zyl, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Natl Board Hlth & Welf, Evaluat & Anal Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Experiences and perceptions about undergoing mammographic screening: a qualitative study involving women from a county in Sweden2018Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 13, nr 1, artikel-id 1521256Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose:An organized population-based mammographic screening programme aims for an early detection of potential breast abnormalities so that treatment can commence. Continuous participation and a high attendance rate are vital for an effective programme. It is important to understand the underlying reasons for participation in mammographic screening, should there be factors that are amendable within reason and could be adjusted. Therefore, the invited women are valuable sources of information. This study aimed at describing the experiences and perceptions about mammographic screening of women from three municipalities in a Swedish county.Method:Six semi-structured focus-group discussions, each with four to five participants, were held. Content analysis was then conducted.Results:The screening procedure, such as staff professionalism, was covered. Other people's opinions and the woman's own understanding affected the women's decisions on whether or not to undergo the procedure. Structural conditions, such as travel time and financial issues, were sources of concern. However, the offer to perform mammographic screening was perceived with gratitude.Conclusions:Structural conditions, risk and time perceptions, the screening procedure, attitudes towards undergoing it and appreciation of its benefit may influence the women's continuous willingness to be screened, which in turn may affect public and individual health.

  • 40.
    Palesjö, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Nordgren, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Uppsala Univ., Sweden.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Being in a critical illness-recovery process: a phenomenological hermenetical study2015Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 24, nr 23-24, s. 3494-3502Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims and objective. The aim of this study was to describe and interpret the essential meaning of the lived experiences of being in a critical illness-recovery process after a life-threatening condition. 

    Background. The critical illness-recovery process after a life-threatening condition takes several years and does not only include patients' experiences during intensive care. Previous research has mainly focused on what critically ill patients recall. However, from a phenomenological point of view, experiences are more than memories alone. To plan and perform relevant health care and social support for patients who have survived a life-threatening condition, a more profound understanding about their lived experiences is needed. 

    Design and method. In this qualitative study, a phenomenological hermeneutical approach was used. Interviews were conducted with seven patients, two to four years after they had received care in an intensive care unit in Sweden. 

    Results. The comprehensive understanding of the results shows that the critical illness-recovery process after a life-threatening condition means an existential struggle to reconcile with an unfamiliar body and with ordinary life. This can be understood as an 'unhomelikeness' implying a struggle to create meaning and coherence from scary and fragmented memories. The previous life projects, such as work and social life become unfamiliar when the patient's fragile and weak body is disobedient and brings on altered sensations. 

    Conclusions. Patients who survive a life-threatening condition have an immense need for care and support during the entire critical illness-recoveryprocess, and also after the initial acute phase. They need a coherent understanding of what happened, and support to be able to perform their changed life projects. 

    Relevance to clinical practice. Supporting and caring for patients' recovery from a life-threatening condition involves recognising the patients' struggle and responding to their existential concerns.

  • 41.
    Sellin, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Kumlin, Tomas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Malardalen Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Box 883, S-72123 Vasteras, Sweden..
    Wallsten, Tuula
    Uppsala Univ, Cty Hosp, Clin Res Ctr, Vasteras, Sweden..
    Wiklund Gustin, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. UiT Archt Univ Norway, Dept Hlth & Care Sci, Campus Narvik, Narvik, Norway.
    To be present, share and nurture: a lifeworld phenomenological study of relatives' participation in the suicidal person's recovery2017Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 12, artikel-id 1287985Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In today's health care, participation is acknowledged as important. However, there is limited research on how relatives of patients at risk of suicide experience their opportunities to participate in care during periods when their close ones are subject to inpatient care. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of participation, as experienced by relatives of persons who are subject to inpatient psychiatric care due to a risk of suicide. The study was conducted through a reflective lifeworld research (RLR) approach, based on phenomenological philosophy. Eight relatives of patients receiving care from professionals in a psychiatric specialist health care context in Sweden participated in phenomenon-oriented interviews. Data were analysed to elucidate a meaning structure of the phenomenon. The findings show that the phenomenon of participation was more associated with patients' recovery processes than with the caring process, and means "being actively involved in a process in which the person regains the desire to live". The meaning of participation is further described by its meaning constituents: struggling for being able to be present for the person at risk of suicide, being able to share everyday life, and nurturing sources for vitality. These insights into the meaning of participation highlight the importance of allowing supportive relatives to be a part of the patient's life, while the person is cared for in an inpatient hospital setting. Thus, participation enables relatives to be acknowledged as resourceful human beings in the patient's recovery process, and thereby facilitates a sense of being able to manage and share life itself together with the person. This means that mental health nurses need to recognize individual variations of relatives' participation processes, and take on the responsibility of acknowledging relatives' lifeworlds.

  • 42.
    Sellin, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Wallsten, Tuula
    Uppsala Universitet, Sweden.
    Wiklund Gustin, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. UiT, Norges Arktiske Universitet.
    Philosophical Grounding in a Reflective Lifeworld Research Approach: Where Is the Place for Description vs. Interpretation?2016Ingår i: International Journal of Qualitative Methods, ISSN 1609-4069, E-ISSN 1609-4069, Vol. 15, nr 1Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 43.
    Sellin, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Wallsten, Tuula
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Wiklund Gustin, Lena
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd. UiT-Norges Arktiske Universitet, Norway.
    Reconnecting with oneself while struggling between life and death: The phenomenon of recovery as experienced by persons at risk of suicide2017Ingår i: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 1445-8330, E-ISSN 1447-0349, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 200-207Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The body of knowledge regarding health and recovery as experienced by patients at risk of suicide is limited. More research is needed into the meaning of recovery and what strengthens the desire to live. The aim of this study was to describe the phenomenon of recovery in a context of nursing care as experienced by persons at risk of suicide. In line with a reflective lifeworld research approach, 14 patients from a psychiatric clinic in Sweden participated in phenomenon-oriented interviews. Data were analyzed to describe the essence of the phenomenon. The results reveal that the phenomenon of recovery means ‘reconnecting with oneself while struggling between life and death’. Three meaning constituents emerged: being in an expressive space and giving voice to oneself, regaining dignity through nurturing connectedness, and finding a balance in the tension between life and death. In conclusion, the meaning of recovery is to experience the ability to manage one's own life. Professional caregivers need to acknowledge patients' lifeworlds, in a way that enable patients to experience themselves as capable of managing their own lives. Professional caregivers should also facilitate the involvement of supportive relatives.

  • 44.
    Sjögren, Eva
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Schollin Ask, Lina
    South Gen Hosp, Sachs Children & Youth Hosp, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Örtqvist, Åke
    Stockholm Cty Council, Dept Communicable Dis Control & Prevent, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Parental conceptions of the rotawirus vaccine during implementation in Stockholm: A phenomenographic study2017Ingår i: Journal of Child Health Care, ISSN 1367-4935, E-ISSN 1741-2889, Vol. 21, nr 4, s. 476-487Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In 2014, Stockholm became the first Swedish county to introduce the rotavirus vaccine, which is given from as early as six weeks of age. The aim of this study was to describe parental conceptions of rotavirus infection and vaccination during its implementation as part of the child immunization program, as their support is vital for any new vaccine. The study followed a descriptive, qualitative design with a phenomenographic approach. Ten in-depth interviews with parents were conducted in Stockholm County, transcribed and analyzed to describe qualitatively different conceptions of rotavirus infection and vaccination. Four main categories were identified: to vaccinate without doubt, hesitant to vaccinate, risky to vaccinate, and unnecessary to vaccinate. All the parents had in common the desire to protect their children from suffering, either by vaccinating their child in order to avoid rotavirus infection or by not vaccinating their child because of concerns about the side effects. It is important that child health-care professionals understand the variations of conceptions that influence the parents' decisions and that these conceptions may differ considerably. Individualized parental information about rotavirus infection and vaccination would help to achieve a successful implementation of the vaccination program.

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