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  • 1.
    Bellgran, Monica
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Höckerdal, Karin
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Green Performance Map: Handbok2012Rapport (Annet (populærvitenskap, debatt, mm))
  • 2.
    Höckerdal, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Enhancing the process of environmental improvement in manufacturing industry2012Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
    Abstract [en]

    To enable competitive industrial production, it is crucial to understand how to design and operate competitive production systems. Today, much operations management research focuses on the environmental dimension of sustainable manufacturing. Even though the environmental impact of industrial and commercial activities has become more vivid and severe, evidence points to a slow diffusion of industry-led ideas and actions for improving the environmental performance. It seems as if the manufacturing industry is still in the beginning of the process towards designing and operating environmentally benign production systems. However, increasing raw material and energy prices as well as potential penalties for lacking compliance provide cost related incentives for manufacturing companies to reduce their environmental impacts. Since production typically determines several environmental impacts such as exploitation of resources, contamination of soil, water and air, generation and emission of greenhouse gases etc., an important opportunity to reduce the environmental impact is found within a company’s production activities. In this, environmental issues can be viewed as either constraints or opportunities for competition. Companies can choose to adopt different positions ranging on a continuum from re-active behaviour, merely complying with environmental laws and regulations, to pro-active positions where competitive advantages are sought for. Either way, the increased environmental concern requires manufacturing companies to develop strategies, technologies and practices that will reduce the environmental impact from production.

    This research focuses on the process of environmental improvement applied by companies within the manufacturing industry and aims to explore the current state as well as develop support for enhancing this process. By collecting and analysing the empirical and theoretical findings, common barriers facing the companies in their strive to reduce the environmental impact from production as well as enabling factors, supporting the progress towards increased environmental performance have been identified. Based on an analysis of the current state one example of a link of challenges impeding the process of environmental improvement has been identified. The identified link of causes and effects shows a path towards a reactive improvement approach when dealing with environmental issues in production. In order to reach a more proactive state this link had to be broken. A general pattern describing the stages from a reactive to a proactive approach was identified, indicating that an increased understanding of and commitment to environmental issues were crucial parameters in order to succeed. Based on the findings, a number of requirements for enhancing the process of environmental improvement in production were derived. It was concluded that developing a support in terms of an improvement process was one way of improving the current state. Using an existing visual structure as a baseline a process for Green Performance Mapping was developed in cooperation with the studied companies. Ultimately, the suggested process was evaluated against the stated requirements and suggested as a support for enhancing the process of environmental improvement in production within the manufacturing industry, thereby contributing to reducing the environmental impact from production.

  • 3.
    Kurdve, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Romvall, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Torstensson, Emma
    A systematic approach for identifying lean and green improvements related to packaging material in assembly2011Inngår i: Proceedings of the Swedish Production Symposium 2011, 2011Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    One significant environmental impact from assembly operations includes packaging material use and subsequent waste generation. Although current practice involves reduction of unnecessary materials handling, there is potential to adapt packaging material in order to simultaneously improve the environmental performance and reduce cost in a “lean and green” mindset. Hence, with increased emphasis on sustainable and efficient production systems, there is a growing need for analysis and decision support tools to be used by operators and engineers as well as management. This paper approaches the gap by presenting an industrial application in the form of a set of simplistic analysis methods, as a systematic approach for identifying lean and green improvement potentials for packaging material in assembly. The methodology uses the advantages of eco-mapping, waste sorting analysis and material handling analysis and combines them with the systematic prioritisation of the five-step waste hierarchy and Bill of Material (BOM) structure. A pilot test indicates that a systematic use of these tools can be an efficient decision support for implementing focused improvements, providing cost reductions, productivity improvements and resource savings. Hence, the methodology adds to the general assembly optimisation toolbox, providing rapid answers for packaging decisions, including materials usage, handling and disposal processes.

  • 4.
    Romvall, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Wictorsson, J
    Haldex AB, Sweden.
    Green Performance Map:  An Industrial Tool for Enhancing Environmental Improvements within a Production System2011Inngår i: Glocalized Solutions for Sustainability in Manufacturing - Proceedings of the 18th CIRP International Conference on Life Cycle Engineering, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer , 2011, s. 353-358Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Empirical findings indicate a need of support for environmental management within the manufacturing industry for improving the environmental performance of their production systems. This paper elaborates on a generic, three step visualization tool, here called Green Performance Map (GPM). The GPM adds to the framework of ISO 14001, providing the user with a systematic procedure to visualize environmental performance in order to facilitate the identification, prioritization and communication of relevant environmental aspects. The results are based on theoretical studies and an extensive case study at a Swedish automotive company. Pilot tests indicate a vast potential for the GPM tool.

  • 5.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Romvall, Karin
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Competitiveness by integrating the green perspective in production: A review presenting challenges for research and industry2010Inngår i: Proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM 2010), 2010, s. 318-325Konferansepaper (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental concern has risen as an important topic in management research as well as within the manufacturing industry. The realization that environmental sustainability should be viewed from a value-adding perspective and not only from a regulatory or cost perspective has implied a dramatic change of focus when creating competitive strategies. In production system research, some argue that green is the next great leap after lean, and many publications on the synergies and contradictions of lean and green have been published. This paper aims at high-lighting relevant topics related to environmental sustainability within a production system from the view of academia as well as industry. A review of related research has been performed together with an orienting empirical study of three companies in Sweden. The result reveals that the holistic view is often lost due to trade-offs and uncertainty, implying that incorporating environmental sustainability in an organization becomes difficult. This indicates that there is a growing need for methodology and decision support tools for integrating the green perspective at all levels of the production system. The concepts of continuous improvements and “lean and green” are identified as favorable options to succeed with this integration, implying important areas for future research.

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