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  • 1.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A public initiative towards an entrepreneurial region - An ethnographic study with a focus on release and evolution of creative processes2003Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Entreprenörskap och Ordning och reda – hur hänger de(t) ihop?2008In: Arenor för Entreprenörskap, Örebro: Forum för småföretagsforskning , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Jakten på Entreprenörer: Om öppningar och låsningar i entreprenörskapsdiskursen2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurs are expected to play a crucial role in times of unemployment and economical regression. A “hunt for entrepreneurs” can thus be said to be occurring as they appear to be people who can save nations, societies, and companies in troublesome situations.

    The project Diversity in Entrepreneurship (DiE) aimed to introduce a broad view of entrepreneurship in a regional context. Three development areas are emphasized that are strategically important to transforming a traditional industrial community into an entrepreneurial region: paying attention to the spirit of enterprise among underrepresented groups; stimulating entrepreneurship among young people; and considering the importance of culture in stimulating a diverse and entrepreneurial society.

    An equality discourse is introduced through DiE that – emphasising social and mundane occurrences - stands in contrast to the historically rooted enterprise discourse that proffers companies as productive apparatus, where a few competent people – often men – have been, and still are, in charge. In the equality discourse, all people in the region make a difference, not merely a few. The encounter of the two discourses has resulted in confusion, and thus conflicts and collisions; but also in new possibilities.

    A new perspective of entrepreneurship and regional development is developed where conflicts are put forward as constructive. That the two discourses met on the same regional scene is therefore seen as positive as many people have been made aware of the social, political, and economic contradictions which restrain some groups in society from creating a (working) life. Hence, the contradictions have enabled the inhabitants to see themselves, and others, as entrepreneurs in regional development processes. Openings have thus emerged to view entrepreneurship from a broader perspective that includes people, to create practices through which a more diverse working life is becoming discernible.

  • 4.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kvinnors Företagande: En internationell forskningsöversikt2007Report (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Med plats för kreativitet2008In: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 4, p. 36-38Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Mikrokrediter! – Ett sätt att mobilisera kvinnors entreprenörskap?,2008In: Arenor för Entreprenörskap, Örebro: FSF Förlag , 2008Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Mobilizing entrepreneurship2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Renoverat språkbruk om företagsamhet kan synliggöra omoderna föreställningar2008In: Sesam öppna dig!: forskarperspektiv på kvinnors företagande, Stockholm: VINNOVA , 2008, p. 31-42Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The introduction of entrepreneurship in contemporary Swedish education policy: Ugly duckling or beautiful swan?,2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bjurström, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dahlquist, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hallén, Lars
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Johanson, Ulf
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Segelod, Esbjörn
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Conclusions and Directions for Future Research on Industrial Renewal2011In: Studies in Industrial Renewal: Coping with Changing Contexts / [ed] Esbjörn Segelod, Karin Berglund, Erik Bjurström, Erik Dahlquist, Lars Hallén and Ulf Johanson, Västerås: Mälardalen University , 2011, 200, p. 455-471Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 11.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dahlin, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johanson, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Technology driven discovery as a catalyst for entrepreneurial action. - A case study of the implementation of information technology in a group of firms2006In: Managing Customer Relationships on the Internet, Elsevier, 2006, p. 55-69Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Dahlin, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Walking a Tightrope Between Artistry and Entrepreneurship.: The stories of the Hotel Woodpecker, Otter Inn and Luna Resort2007In: Journal of Enterprising Communities, ISSN 1750-6204, Vol. 1, no 3, p. 268-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to challenge a traditional image of the content of entrepreneurship, which is associated with creativity, identity and discovery recognition. Design/methodology/approach A narrative approach is used in telling the story about the artist/entrepreneur Mikael Genberg. The story is based on interviews, newspaper material and observations. Taking this story as the point of departure, an alternative image of entrepreneurship is suggested. Findings First, from a traditional Schumpeterian perspective Genberg could be portrayed as a good example of a hero entrepreneur, an archetype of the creative artist/entrepreneur. Instead Genberg in this paper is described in terms of a creative imitator. Second, the Schumpeterian “hero entrepreneur” is associated with a fixed and strong identity. This picture is challenged and replaced by a demonstration of how double or multiple identities are used in legitimizing work which is argued to be more illustrative to the content of entrepreneurship than finding the true identity of the hero entrepreneur. Third, discovery recognition from a traditional perspective is attributed to the individual, while in this case opportunity creation signifies the process of making discoveries collectively shared. Research limitations/implications This study is exploratory and based on a single case, while the results cannot be taken as generalizations. Instead an alternative understanding of the content of entrepreneurship is illustrated. Originality/value The value of this study is the demonstration of an alternative image of the content of entrepreneurship.

  • 13.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dahlin, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Ulf
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Book review: Making Sense of Intellectual Capital: Designing a Method for the Valuation2005In: European Accounting Review, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 160-162Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Danilda, Inger
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Interaktiv kritisk forskning: En arena for omprovning av gemensam kunskap2007In: Gemensamt kunskapande: den interaktiva forskningens praktik, Växjö: Växjö University Press , 2007Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Gaddefors, Johan
    SLU.
    Entrepreneurship Requires Resistance to be Mobilized2010In: (De)mobilizing the entrepreneurship discourse: Exploring entrepreneurial thinking and action / [ed] Frederic Bill, Björn Bjerke, Anders W. Johannsson, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar , 2010, p. 140-157Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granat Thorslund, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A policy to unleash innovation: How can gender improve innovation and entrepreneurship policy?,2010In: Triple Helix VIII-International Conference on University, Industry and Government Linkages 20-22 October, 2010, Thematic workshop: Gendered structures in public innovation policies., 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granat Thorslund, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The Perfect M(is)s Match: Promoting Women’s Entrepreneurship - business as usual or an arena for subversive practices?2010In: Presented at: Gender, Work and Organization, 6th international interdisciplinary conference, 21st - 23rd June, 2010. Conference stream: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Growth: Gender perspectives., 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Granath Torslund, J
    The Woman Entrepreneur: A third sex? – The subversive potential of entrepreneurship2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 19.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hallin, Anette
    Entrepreneuring - a question of space and place:: A longitudinal study of entrepreneuring2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    At the Intersection of Entrepreneurship Education Policy and Practice - On conflicts, tensions and closures2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Entrapped in story-telling: Becoming a free-moving entrepreneuse or a follower to an entrepreneur2010In: Gender, Work and Organization, 6th international interdisciplinary conference, 21st - 23rd June, 2010. Conference stream: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Growth: Gender perspectives, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Entreprenörskap & skolan –: Vad berättar lärare att de gör när de gör entreprenörskap i skolan?2007Book (Other academic)
  • 23.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The Institutionalization of Entrepreneurship within the Educational System2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 24.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    What do teachers do when they do entrepreneurship education ...and how can we ask about it?2008In: International Journal of Business and Globalisation, ISSN 1753-3627, E-ISSN 1753-3635, Vol. 2, no 4, p. 354-372Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper, we take our point of departure in the research project 'Entrepreneurship Education 2007' (EDU07), which focused on the earlier stages of the educational system as well as on what teachers do when they do entrepreneurship education. More specifically, the purpose here is to discuss the method – focus group interviews – applied in this research project and in what way it can, without putting words in the mouths of the respondents, answer the question: What is really being taught in entrepreneurship education? In addition to providing researchers with the research result, it is argued that focus-group interviews work as an arena for reflection and action.

  • 25.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Holmgren, Carina
    What do teachers do when they do entrepreneurship education……and how can we ask about it?2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Johannisson, BengtLinnéuniversitetet.Schwartz, BirgittaMälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Societal Entrepreneurship: Positioning, Penetrating, Promoting2012Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders WMälardalen University, School of Business.
    Arenor för entreprenörskap2008Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Constructions of entrepreneurship: a discourse analysis of academic publications2007In: Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, ISSN 1750-6204, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 77-102Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this research paper is to investigate opposing versions of entrepreneurship and to introduce a metaphor to stimulate a dialogue about the diversity and complexity of enterprising communities.

    Design/methodology/approach – A discourse framework is developed in order to describe dominating – and even new and challenging – versions of entrepreneurship. The discourse analysis is presented in three steps: the introductory text to a handbook of entrepreneurship is deconstructed to expose some basic assumptions of entrepreneurship; drawing on several research articles, some dominating versions of entrepreneurship are analysed; drawing on research articles which have recently been published in two special issues in entrepreneurship journals, alternative versions of entrepreneurship are analysed.

    Findings – This paper compares three dominating and three alternative versions of entrepreneurship. All the versions are related to the idea of entrepreneurship as a story of creation for our times, where it is implied that entrepreneurship appears to be something inherently good for society and for people. The versions share a common denominator but are also distinguished by different ontological and epistemological assumptions that make a dialogue between the versions problematic.

    Research limitations/implications – The results of this research paper have obvious limitations because of the methodology employed and due to the limited number of texts analysed.

    Originality/value – The concept of a discursive web to analyse the world of entrepreneurship is introduced.

  • 29.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Entrepreneurship and Conscientization on Processes of Regional Development2007In: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, ISSN 0898-5626, Vol. 19, no 6, p. 499-525Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is based upon a regional development project in a 'vulnerable' Swedish region consisting of three municipalities. At a first glance, this is a region in decline that is lacking in entrepreneurial initiatives. During a crucial time period the project 'Diversity in Entrepreneurship' (DiE) was launched to help the region to become more entrepreneurial and inclusive. An underlying logic was built into the project, which is associated with the critical pedagogy of Paolo Freire. From a Freirean perspective regions lacking in entrepreneurship could be reconsidered emphasizing that the entrepreneurial initiatives are always there - latent - however restrained by certain discourses; in this case a dominant enterprise discourse. Above all the enterprise discourse suppresses the ability for particular groups in society to view themselves as entrepreneurs. The purpose of this paper is to introduce Freire's critical pedagogical perspective to entrepreneurship and regional development. An episode illustrating how the enterprise discourse suppresses an equality discourse, introduced by way of the DiE-project, makes the point of departure for discussing the process of 'conscientization', which refers to a type of learning that is focused on perceiving and exposing contradictions and to take action against the oppressive elements of reality (Freire 1970). Some key Freirean ideas or concepts are explained, first as they were expressed by Freire and then applied to entrepreneurship and regional development. It is then discussed how these concepts found their expressions in the project. The critical pedagogic perspective not only emphasizes an entrepreneurial potential in every individual, but it also gives an idea of what kind of processes could release entrepreneurial initiatives among those who do not view themselves as entrepreneurs.

  • 30.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Entreprenöriella processer: Kan de skapas?2003Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Offentliga stödinsatser för att främja entreprenörskap och nyföretagande tilldrar sig ett stort intresse. I detta papper diskuteras offentliga initiativ som syftar till ett skapa entreprenöriella processer. Betydelsen av ideologiska utgångspunkter (metaidéer) ställs i relation till allmänna förutsättningar för att skapa entreprenöriella processer. Vi har följt ett Equal-finansierat projekt, Mångfald i Företagsamhet (MiF), med syfte att utveckla strategier, metoder och arbetssätt för att utveckla en organisatorisk infrastruktur som främjar företagsamhet och som präglas av mångfald. Projektet har visat sig framgångsrikt i att initiera ett antal aktiviteter som vi identifierar som entreprenöriella processer. Vissa problem har identifierats beträffande de företagsfrämjande strukturerna, bland annat beroende på att ideologin bakom projektet uppfattats på olika sätt. Mångfaldstanken ses som ett fruktbart perspektiv på samspelet mellan individ och kontext, en tanke som även genomsyrar ett nystartat företag i regionen. I papperet diskuteras entreprenöriella processer ur ett resursperspektiv. Med betoning på samspelet mellan finansiellt, humant och socialt kapital ser vi det kulturella kapitalet som en avgörande faktor för att starta entreprenöriella processer. Ur ett mångfaldsperspektiv diskuteras hur metaidén kan leda till ett bättre företagsklimat, som en del i en framväxande bred social, kulturell och geografisk miljö.

  • 31.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    The Entrepreneurship Discourse - Outlined from Diverse Constructions of Entrepreneurship on the Academic Scene.2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Who can an entrepreneur become?2009In: Nordic Academy of Management Meeting 2009, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Holmgren, Carina
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Entreprenorskap och forskolan: Utvardering och forslag till utvecklingsstodjande foljeforskning2010Other (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Walking a tightrope between artistry and entrepreneurship - the stories of Hotel Woodpecker, Otter Inn and Luna Resort,2006In: Proceedings from the AGSE conference in Auckland, New Zeeland, 2006, New Zeeland, 2006Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Köping Olsson, Bengt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Creativity for industrial renewal2011In: Studies in Industrial Renewal.: Coping with changing contexts / [ed] E. Segelod, E. Berglund, E. Bjurström, E. Dahlquist, L. Hallén & U. Johansson, 2011, p. 381-391Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Whether creativity is needed for the development of new products and services or for the creation of new jobs (Eliasson, 2006), it is stressed as a prerequisite for innovation and entrepreneurship (Johansson, 2010). Creativity is considered important for coping with the upcoming need to make full use of ecological and social resources. Taking Buber‘s view on creativity as a point of departure we propose that a post-industrial society should reconsider the view of creativity as something that is possessed by a person. With a Buberian understanding of creativity we aim to suggest in this chapter, a new agenda for research on creativity and for stimulating creativity in unexpected ways in industrial renewal processes.

  • 36.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Practicing otherness: Recapturing space of action through identity construction processes2009In: 20th NFF Conference:, Abo, Finland, 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lindgren, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The Entrepreneur as Productive, Unproductive, and Constructive2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 38.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Conceptualizing Everyday Entrepreneurship: A Theoretical Contribution to Entrepreneuring2010In: Entreprenörskapets olika dräkter, 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lindhult, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Conceptualizing everyday entrepreneurship: The case of college students at the risk of dropping out2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 40.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    The discursive construction of the social entrepreneur: Solving dilemmas and moving forward as identity practices2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Stenmark, Lina
    Intersektionalitet - ett användbart begrepp för entreprenörskapsforskningen?2005Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 42.
    Berglund, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    To play or not to play: that is the question: Gender perspectives on entrepreneurship and innovation2010In: Gender, Work and Organization, 6th international interdisciplinary conference, 21st - 23rd June, 2010. Conference stream: Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Growth: Gender perspectives., 2010Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Holmgren, Carina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Entrepreneurship education in policy and practice2013In: International Journal of Entrepreneurial Venturing, ISSN 1742-5360, E-ISSN 1742-5379, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 9-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article pays interest to the intersection between policy and practice when implementing entrepreneurship in the educational system. Taking a point of departure in Mahieu’s (2006) call for knowledge of the interplay between different policy levels and Backström-Widjeskog’s (2010) conclusion about tensions occurring when teachers are introduced to the concept, the intention is to develop knowledge about conflicts and tensions at the intersection between policy and practice. From analysing policy documents and narratives from entrepreneurship education implementation projects during a time when entrepreneurship education started to be promoted in Sweden three figures of thought are found (economic/humanistic, biological/social, and individual/collective) which are proposed to be involved in creating tensions and conflicts in the intersection between policy and practice. Theoretically, these figures of thought can be seen as a contribution to understanding processes in which the concept of entrepreneurship education has deliberately been moved, by way of policy, to the educational practice. Reflecting on these thought figures may enhance teachers’ translation processes when starting to work with entrepreneurship education in practice.

  • 44.
    Johansson, Anders W
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business.
    Kreativ imitation - berättelser om innovationer i skolan2008In: Perspektiv på förnyelse och entreprenörskap i offentlig förvaltning / [ed] Anders Lundström & Elisabeth Sundin, Örebro: Forum för småföretagarforskning , 2008, p. 155-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Lindhult, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Conceptualizing Everyday Entrepreneurship: The case of college students at the risk of dropping out2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 46.
    Lindhult, Erik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Anders W
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Partnerskap som socialt entreprenörskap2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Holding on to the anomaly of social entrepreneuring dilemmas in starting up and running a fair-trade enterprise2013In: Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1942-0676, E-ISSN 1942-0684, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 237-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The different shapes taken on by social entrepreneurship in contemporary society show that social goals are integrated by commercial enterprises and commercial goals are incorporated by organisations with a social mission. Combining a social mission with commercial goals is often presented as a “win-win” situation. In this article we highlight the potential tensions and conflicts created by the conflicting demands and expectations when the institutional non-profit and for-profit logics meet in social entrepreneuring. From this viewpoint, social entrepreneurship is an anomaly which seems difficult to resolve. Despite this we often read descriptions of social entrepreneurs as heroes, which shows how social entrepreneurship is glorified and part of the marketisation of society. This article sets out to present a more complex and problematic picture of practising social entrepreneurship where the obvious “win-win” situations more often appear as “win-lose” and sometimes even as “lose-lose”. From a three-year ethnographic study of an emerging fair-trade enterprise, the concept of disharmony shows that dilemmas are part of everyday life in social entrepreneuring. Instead of posing insoluble conflicts, dilemmas light the way for the individual social entrepreneur. They are managed through temporary rationalisation; finding a way to integrate conflicting demands into the life of a social entrepreneur. Disharmony includes moments of identity struggle, but is also a learning process in which the social entrepreneur tries to understand the difference between what she does and what she actually achieves. 

  • 48.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Social Entrepreneurship from an entrepreneuring perspective: Holding on to anomalies and solving identity dilemmas2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social entrepreneurship seems commonly related to two different missions. On the one hand it is about making profits and surviving in a market context, and on the other hand there is a social mission. This study focuses on tensions of multiple identities from the social enterprise perspective in the form of a fair-trade company emphasizing the social mission of human rights issues, albeit challenged by the business assignment. The purpose of this article is to elaborate on the connection between identity dilemmas and the tensions of social entrepreneurship from the perspective of entrepreneuring. The dilemmas presented in this article arose from an attempt to dissolve an anomaly that a social entrepreneur perceived. In these situations she found herself to be in a deadlock position between the non-profit and the for-profit logic. Moving between these logics creates opportunities as well as dilemmas for the social entrepreneur. Choosing one of the logics, in which the dilemma is re-constructed as an opportunity, seems to be a way to move on, until another dilemma arises. Hence, becoming an entrepreneur involves a process of negotiating one’s Self from the different expectations and making identity adjustments in relation to the different logics.

  • 49.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Berglund, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The Discursive Construction of Entrepreneurial Identities: Solving Dilemmas and Moving Forward as Identity Practices2010Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Becoming an entrepreneur seems to be an endless topic in entrepreneurship research. In other words the question posed (often implicitly, but sometimes explicitly (e.g. Burns, 2005) is: can one become an entrepreneur, or are we born to be entrepreneurs? This is the story line that seems to have imbued the entrepreneurship discourse as one of the basic assumptions that works as a back-drop in writings on entrepreneurship, and is consequently often generally taken for granted. Moving away from the idea of the “born-to-become” entrepreneur there is a claim for other epistemological standpoints (e.g. Jennings et al., Lindgren and Packendorff, 2009). As well there has been some interest regarding how entrepreneurs are socially constructed (e.g. Goss, 2005), by different discourses in society (Berglund, 2006), a process that can be described as both complex and multi-faceted, going beyond notions from ‘entrepreneurial’ discourses (Watson, 2000), and which not always construct the heroic figure that is depicted by the entrepreneurship discourse (Kets de Vries, 1986, Shepard and Haynie, 2009).

    In this paper we aim to develop knowledge on the discursive construction of identity when it comes to an entrepreneurial setting that is multi-faceted. From following an entrepreneur on her journey in developing a business that could both be described as traditional (commercial) entrepreneurship and social entrepreneurship (fair trade) it is obvious that becoming an entrepreneur does not come from any prescribed recipe. On the contrary, entering an entrepreneurial route is followed by a number of identity dilemmas. Thus, we will elaborate on some examples considering how the CEO of Oria is challenged by different dilemmas when she combines the social part and the commercial part of her entrepreneurship in constructing an entrepreneurial identity. First we will discuss entrepreneurship from different logics.

  • 50.
    Schwartz, Birgitta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Berglund, Karin
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Johannisson, Bengt
    Linnéuniversitetet.
    Conclusions2012In: Societal Entrepreneurship: Positioning, Penetrating, Promoting / [ed] Karin Berglund, Bengt Johannisson and Birgitta Schwartz, Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2012, p. 259-277Chapter in book (Refereed)
12 1 - 50 of 53
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