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  • 1.
    Andersson, Ellen
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Nära-nollenergibyggnader: En fallstudie av ett flerbostadshus förutsättningar att klara Boverkets framtida krav2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to develop energy-efficient constructions all new buildings will be nearly-zero energy buildings by year 2021. A nearly-zero energy facility is a building with high energy performance and very low energy consumption, where the amount of energy that needs to be supplied to the building will largely originate from renewable sources that are often self-produced on site or nearby. On December 15, 2016 BFS 2016: 13 - BBR 24 was introduced with requirements for verification of the building's specific energy use. The new regulations for nearly-zero energy buildings will be introduced in two stages through BBR (A) and BBR (B). BBR (A) implies no aggravation of requirements, but introduces a new way of calculating the energy performance of the building measured in primary energy. Primary energy factors are introduced per energy carrier, where the energy carrier for electric heating receives a higher value then other energy carriers. A projected five-storey apartment building located in Sigtuna, Stockholm has been investigated and energy calculations and simulations have been carried out in the energy calculation program IDA Indoor Climate and Energy. Simulations have been carried out on a reference object, focusing on analyzing how the energy utilization of the building is affected by various actions. The measures investigated are energy supply and origin of this, changes in the building construction and technical systems. The result shows that with relatively small changes the required demands of close-zero energy buildings can be reached. Changes to the building construction through better exterior wall insulation, better U-values ​​of building constructions and increased efficiency of heat exchanger, make demands for near-zero energy buildings in BBR (B). With self-produced electricity via solar cells the primary energy for the building will be even lower. The hardest challenge comes for the electricity heated buildings which due to an increased primary energy factor, will get harder to meet the future requirements due to a higher demand level.

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