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  • 1.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Blev det ett genombrott?: Utvärdering av det nationella lärandeprojektet – Vård på lika villkor2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukvården i Sverige är i dag inte jämlik, har brister i tillgänglighet och erbjuds inte på likvärdiga villkor trots Hälso- och sjukvårdslagens mål om en god hälsa och en vård på lika villkor för hela befolkningen.

    För att bryta den pågående trenden och öka jämlikheten gjordes en överenskommelse mellan regeringen och SKL om lärandeprojektet Vård på lika villkor (under åren 2011–2014). Syftet med projektets har varit att inom socioekonomiskt resurssvaga bostadsområden öka jämlikheten i första linjens vård. Detta genom att testa, utveckla och identifiera effektiva arbetssätt och metoder vid sju primärvårdsverksamheter från fem landsting i Sverige.

    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, fick av SKL i uppdrag att svara för forskarstöd och att genomföra en utvärdering av de metoder och arbetssätt som utvecklades och testades i lärandeprojektet.

    Resultatet från den genomförda utvärderingen som belyser den genomförda processen, mål- och resultat samt hälsoekonomiska aspekter beskrivs närmare i denna rapport.

  • 2.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Temaledare: Vård på lika villkor – Vad kan vi lära av Lärandeprojektet?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 103-106Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Practice and Policy in Promoting Health and Equity –experiences from a national project in primary health care in Sweden2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The Swedish Health Care Law requires the health system to provide good care on equal terms to all. However, several reports from different governmental agencies have revealed that health care is uneven in quality, lacking in accessibility, and not offered on equal terms to all people. Recent public health reports show that inequalities in health in the population have increased. To provide health care on equal terms has become a challenge for health care.

    In order to apply methods for developing practice and policy in promoting health and equity the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions developed and implemented a national project entitled Care on Equal Terms. The project began in 2011 and was completed in 2014 at seven Primary Health Care Units (PHCUs) in five regions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of this project.

    Methods: Based on a program theoretical approach an evaluation design was developed which included process, results and economical evaluation. In the data collection and analysis mixed methods were applied.

    Results: According to the process evaluation, seven different strategies were applied in the process to develop primary health care on equal terms. One of the key observations was that in order to achieve health on more equal terms, health care needs to be provided on unequal terms, i. e. more needs to be done to reach those who need more assistance to access health services. Health promotion was one of the applied strategies and it was the most common strategy at some of the health care centers with the aim of developing patients' knowledge, awareness and understanding about health, care and self-care. The results evaluation showed that the PHCUs staff identified structural and organizational factors in health care as important factors for developing health promotion and equity in access. The health economic evaluation showed that the costs for implementing the activities for an improved equity were limited. Yet the majority of the PHCUs thought that the detailed regulation of their financing and reporting requirements were a limitation in their work for improved equity. Four of five county councils have recently introduced a primary care provider payment system (ACG) which may not be supportive of efforts to improve equity in access.

    Conclusions: It is possible to develop and maintain practices that can contribute to more equitable care and increase health care personnel’s awareness about practice and policy in promoting health and equity.

  • 4.
    Aparicio, Ciro
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Jonsson, Bosse
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Moberg, Johan
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Nordh, Lillemor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Studenter som kunskapsbärare: En förstudie om studenter som kunskapsbärare mellan verksamhetsförlagd och högskoleförlagd utbildning i Fysioterapeutprogrammet, Sjuksköterskeprogrammet och Socionomprogrammet2015Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att mötas för lärande och utveckling i socialt arbete och social omsorg: En utvärdering av Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och Utvärderingsverkstäder2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att utvärdera lärande och utveckling i mötesplatser där Mälardalens högskola har samarbetat med Eskilstuna kommun och Västerås stad. Studiens fokusområden var två sådana mötesplatser, Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning (VFU) och Utvärderingsverkstäder (UV).

    Teorier och ansatser om deltagarorienterad forskning och organisatoriskt handlande användes som inspirationskällor och referensram. Det finns olika inslag från olika utvärderingsmodeller, men det finns ett genomgående lärande perspektiv, från formulering av syfte och utvärderingsfrågor till avslutande rekommendationer i utvärderingen. Både intervjuer och enkäter användes för datainsamling. Studenter, handledare och lärare avseende VFU inom socionomprogrammet med inriktning mot missbruk, ohälsa och rehabilitering, samt deltagare och dess chefer avseende UV intervjuades. Enbart utexaminerade studenter svarade på enkätfrågor om VFU.

    Resultaten visar att det finns en betydande nöjdhet med VFU och UV som mötesplatser där regionala aktörer samarbetar. Mötesplatser ansågs bidra till både individuellt och organisatoriskt lärande. Ett antal områden identifierades för vidare förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete.

  • 6.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Country Case Studies on Paramilitary Organizations2013In: From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System / [ed] Şemsa Özar, Nesrin Uçarlar, & Osman Aytar, Diyarbakir: Diyarbakir Institute for Political and Social Research , 2013, p. 197-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments: A Historical Overview on a Paramilitary Organization in the Ottoman Empire2013In: From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System / [ed] Şemsa Özar, Nesrin Uçarlar, & Osman Aytar, Diyarbakir: Diyarbakir Institute for Political and Social Research , 2013, 1, p. 15-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    How is methodological emancipation possible?: Rethinking the potentials of multivariate methods for intersectional analyses2013In: New Tools in Welfare Research / [ed] Elinor Brunnberg and Elisabet Cedersund, Köpenhamn: NSU Press, 2013, p. 145-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Integration i mångfald: en studie av sex invandrargruppers upplevda integration i Sverige1999 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Interaktionen mellan invandrarnas riksorganisationer och den svenska staten: ett strukturellt fenomenologiskt perspektiv2003In: Cultural diversity and integration in the Nordic welfare states: Proceedings of the 12th Nordic Migration Conference 2003, Helsingfors: Centre for Research on Ethnic Relations and Nationalism , 2003, 1, p. 83-101Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Interkulturella möten för integration i praktiken: Utvärdering av verksamheten flyktingguide/språkvän i Eskilstuna kommun och kommunens regionala/nationella samordningsroll2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med utvärderingen var att identifiera styrkor och svagheter för Eskilstunamodellen för flyktingguide/språkvän i förhållande till verksamhetsmålen på lokal, regional och nationell nivå under 2013-2015. Kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts med nyanlända och deras språkvänner och med ett urval av projektmedarbetare i Eskilstuna, i Södermanland och i andra kommuner i olika regioner. En observation har genomförts vid en gruppmatchning och tillgängliga dokument från lokal, regional och national nivå har analyserats. I resultat- och diskussionsavsnitten presenteras resultat, reflektioner och slutsatser i form av rekommendationer för hur verksamheter på de tre nivåerna kan utvecklas. Några centrala slutsatser från utvärderingen är:

    * Resultaten visar generellt att verksamhetsmålen på lokal, regional och nationell nivå är uppfyllda.

    * Av de styrkor som har kommit fram i resultaten kan ett visst antal framgångsrika erfarenheter och praktiker lyftas fram.

    * Av de svagheter som kommit fram i resultaten kan nya utvecklings-, förbättrings- och      förändringsarbeten identifieras i förhållande till respektive verksamhets förutsättningar och behov.

    * Av de formella och praktiska benämningar såsom flyktingguide/språkvän, språkvän,      kulturvän, etablerade-oetablerade, volontärer eller liknande, vilka förekommer i olika verksamheter, framgår att det behövs en översyn över benämningar som passar bättre till respektive verksamhets form och innehåll.

    * Av genomgång av befintliga dokument och intervjuresultat framgår att det behövs mer sammanhängande utvärderingsperspektiv i synnerhet i relativt stora verksamheter.

    * Resultaten visar också på behovet av en systematisk dokumentation när förändringsarbeten genomförs.

  • 12.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework2018In: The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies, ISSN 2147-6659, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 95-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to develop an analytical framework for understanding involuntary marriages from a human rights perspective based on the United Nations’ human rights conventions and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The empirical material used as a basis for an analytical framework consists of 16 thematic open-ended interviews with Kurds in Sweden. A total of eight of the 16 respondents were below 18 years of age when they married. The results from these interviews show that the majority of interviewees’ marriages are arranged. The results also show that the reasons behind these marriages and the consequences of them are complex and go beyond being mere expressions of gender roles. In addition to the fathers who typically have greater influence than the mothers do, there are differences in power and influence among women as well, such as mothers’ power over daughters and step-mothers’ power over step-daughters. Therefore, there is a need for new and wider perspectives on involuntary marriages, and the analytical framework developed in this article is a part of such a purpose.

  • 13.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    ”Ja, så tänker vi också …”: – Ett programteoretiskt perspektiv på det nationella Lärandeprojektet – Vård på lika villkor2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing a program theory for a project and evaluate the project based on this program theory has both its merits and limitations. These merits and limitations in turn may be depend on the existing attitude towards a particular program theory. This study is about exploring how different phases and parts of the national learning project Care on equal terms (2011-2014) functioned in relation to the program theory developed in the beginning of the project. The result shows that the program theoretical perspective on the project contributed to a better structuring of the various forms of evaluation, given a broader understanding of the project's components and provided better opportunities to improve monitoring of the project by the research team in collaboration with the project management of the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) and the participating health care units.

  • 14.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kommunikation på olika villkor: om samrådet mellan invandrarorganisationerna och svenska staten2004In: Föreningsliv, makt och intergration / [ed] Bengtsson, Bo, Stockholm: Justitiedepartementet , 2004, 1, p. 65-97Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Mångfaldens organisering: Om integration, organisationer och interetniska relationer i Sverige2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this dissertation is to examine inter-ethnic relations between organizationally active people with different ethnic backgrounds. I focus on relations that are based on a mutual interdependence between parties, mutual respect, common procedural rules, real opportunities that expressly approve or reject a proposal in a decision or deliberation situation free from compulsion, where people, who have different ethnic backgrounds, strive after insight and understanding in their relations.

    In this dissertation I present three empirical cases about cooperation, consultation and participation as forms of inter-ethnic relations from the organizational fields in the society. These cases are examples of what I characterize as “organizing inter-ethnicity”, or organizing people with different ethnic backgrounds around common concerns. Organizing inter-ethnicity is in turn a part of organizing and integrating diversity in society. Drawing on the results of three case studies, I distinguish between opportunities and barriers.

    My case studies clearly illustrate that the tensions that influence the patterns of and variation in opportunities and barriers have sources that reach well beyond ethnicity. Tensions between old and new organizations, between working immigrant organizations and refugee organizations, between organizations from same group or between organizations that have conflicts from their members’ countries of origin provide some examples of the difficulties that generate barriers to broad interest constellations between organizations.

  • 16.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Möjlighet eller hinder?: betydelsen av etnicitet och etnisk bakgrund är inte längre entydig i dagens förändrade Sverige ; den kan vara allt från ett oöverstigligt hinder till rena framgångsfaktorn också inom ett och samma samhällsområde2006In: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 6, p. 24-26Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 17.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Organisering, diaspora och statslöshet2009In: Föreningsliv, delaktighet och lokal politik i det mångkulturella samhället / [ed] Bengtsson, Bo & Kugelberg, Clarissa, Malmö: Egalité , 2009, 1, p. 233-260Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Salên ku ewleyiya jiyana tu kesî tunebû [Åren som ingen hade livsgaranti]: Li Kurdistana Bakur û Tirkiyeyê dehsala 1990î [I Nordkurdistan och Turkiet 1990-talen]2013In: Ji dev û pênûsa heval û dostên wî Wedat Aydin [Med vännernas ord Wedat Aydin] / [ed] Ş. Öncü, Istanbul: Avesta , 2013, 1, p. 31-43Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ”Välkommen till Flen – Bäst på bemötande 2011”: Berättelsen om en forskningscirkel för bemötandefrågor2011In: Forskningscirkel – Arena för verksamhetsutveckling i mångfald / [ed] Pirjo Lahdenpära, Västerås/Eskilstuna: Mälardalens högskola , 2011, p. 65-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Äktenskap utan egen vilja: En studie om äktenskap utan egen vilja bland kurdiska ungdomar i Sverige2013Report (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Akahavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Granath, Marianne
    Sveriges kommuner och landsting.
    Wallin, Hanna
    Sveriges kommuner och landsting.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Using program theory-driven evaluation in primary care units: An integrated evaluation perspective on a learning project providing equitable care in Sweden2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Mälardalen Research Center, Sweden.
    Empowering Unaccompanied Children in Everyday Life in a New Country: A Resilience Support Centre in Sweden Evaluated from the Perspective of Program Theory2016In: Revista de Asistenta Sociala, ISSN 1583-0608, Social Work Review, ISSN 1583-0608, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 35-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children coming to Sweden are almost all fleeing from violent or threatening situations in their home country and have been sent abroad for their protection. They form a specific growing group of children looked after by local authorities in kinship foster families, network foster families or traditional foster families, as well as in small institutions (HVB-hem) or interim accommodation (Mellanbo) as preparation for independent living. This study explores success factors and impeding factors in a social work intervention for empowering unaccompanied children at a support centre for daily activities in a Swedish municipality from a program-theory perspective. The unaccompanied children in this study are staying in foster families. The data was collected at the centre and with a mixed method design. The results show that unaccompanied children’s relationships with other children improved; they developed their ability to plan and adapt; some of them started to attend regular schools; and traumatic experiences were processed to some extent. All of these can be interpreted as increased empowerment in unaccompanied children’s everyday life. However, there were still significant gaps in participation in clubs and associations and leisure activities, and some children were mentally unwell. Success factors, challenges and risks coexist in a transnational life situation in which most unaccompanied asylum-seeking children continue to interact with their parents and other family members in their home country or another country using modern technology (online parenting).

  • 23.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Social Work in a Center for Unaccompanied Children in Sweden - A Child Rights Perspektive2015In: Rights of children in the Nordic welfare states: conceptual and empirical enquiries / [ed] Gro Jacobsen, København: NSU Press , 2015Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children coming to Sweden are almost all fleeing from violent or threatening situations in their home country and have been sent abroad for their protection. They form a specific growing group of children looked after by local authorities in kinship foster families, network foster families or traditional foster families, as well as in institutions (HVB-hem) or interim accommodation (Mellanbo) as preparation for independent living. This research study explores some daytime activities within social work for unaccompanied children at a support centre, Solitario. The centre existed for three years and some of the activities are now included in regular activities by the local authorities supporting unaccompanied children. The methods used in this study were 12 in-depth interviews with children, in-depth interviews with all staff at the centre and systematic longitudinal assessments performed by staff of 17 children attending the centre in 2009 as well as in 2011. The results show that there is a breakdown of the structures and communities that should support the unaccompanied child in the everyday life. There is not good enough cooperation and coproduction in supporting the best of the child in line with United Nations’ Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN CRC). The basic idea of UN CRC is that the child should be seen as an independent subject and actor. Because of their living situation, unaccompanied children are forced to take action and to do so independent of their microsystem – their nuclear family – or with just a trans-national support in web-based microsystem relationships.

  • 24.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Magdalenic, Sanja
    Sociologiska institutionen/ Stockholms universitet.
    Utländsk bakgrund + topposition = sant?2008In: Invandrare & Minoriteter, ISSN 1404-6857, no 2-3, p. 32-34Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Mella, Orlando
    Bortom skolframgång: en analys av PISA 2006 ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 45-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beyond school performance. An analysis of PISA 2006 from an intersectional perspective.

    One of the central questions in recent discussions about Swedish school is those factors that influence school performance. Socio-economic background, gender, ethnicity, birth country are some aspects that are mentioned in many international and national studies. Swedenis one of the participants in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the results ofPISA since 2000 show deteriorated results in reading performance, mathematics and science among 15-year-old students. In order to set school performance in a broader context we analyzed data for the Swedish part of PISA 2006, in which 57 countries (of which 30 OECD-countries) participated, with some multivariate methods from an intersectional perspective. Our analysis of PISA 2006 show complexity of different social, economic and cultural factors for students´ school performance which strengthens even by the preliminary results from PISA 2009 presented when we finished our analysis. Further, our results show that students´ school performance have connections also with social inequality in Swedish society.

  • 26.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Att utvärdera med processtänkande för lärande2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 162-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Change-projects can be evaluated in different ways. One of the ways is to evaluate with process thinking, which means that evaluators are involved in the process from the very beginning. Involvement of evaluators already in the beginning of a project can mean several challenges for both the project itself and the evaluators. This study is about describing and analyzing how and with what results the perspective of process thinking on evaluation of the national learning project Care on equal terms was used. The results indicate, among other things, that it was a good choice to bring in evaluation perspective at the beginning of the project. Process thinking has, among other things, contributed to the activities throughout the project, and played a role in learning from and implementation of the project itself.

  • 27.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Health Care Provider’s Perceptions about and Experiences of Achieving Equitable Health Care: An Evaluation Study2017In: Quality in Primary Care, ISSN 1479-1072, E-ISSN 1479-1064, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 289-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In June 2011 the Swedish government signed an agreement with The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR), for a three year project to develop and implement “Health care on equal terms.” The project, which involved seven Primary Health Care Units (PHCU) from five county councils in different parts in Sweden, was completed in early 2014. The aim of the project was to develop methods and activities that could promote more equal health care provision in socio-economically disadvantaged areas.

    Aim: To assess and compare health care providers’ experiences of and perceptions about equitable health care at the beginning and end of the national project “Health care on equal terms”.

    Methods: A web survey was sent to all staff at the seven participating Primary Health Care Units (PHCU) at the beginning (2012) and the end (2013) of the project. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and the open issues with content analysis.

    Results: In 2013, the percentage of health care providers who reported thinking patients’ ethnicity had no or very little impact on access to care increased, but the proportion of those who reported that they had “no idea” that patients’ gender, age, mental health and physical functioning were significant for access to care was lower in 2013 than in 2012. The results from analysis of the open-ended questions did not show meaningful changes in the respondents’ perceptions of the issues addressed in 2012-2013, but the analysis contributes to a deeper explanation of the answers.

    Conclusion: The main conclusion is that it was possible to implement changes aiming for more equitable care through projects with a focus on learning.

  • 28.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ATT SKRIVA REFERENSER ENLIGT APA-STILEN: Om referenshantering i akademiskt skrivande inom socialt arbete2012Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Referenshantering på ett enhetligt och korrekt sätt är en av de centrala aspekterna ivetenskapliga texter. Referenserna är viktiga för att en text skall vara ”transparant” dvs. att det skall vara synligt vad den studerande bygger sina påståenden och idéer på. De skall vara lätta att hitta om någon skulle vilja läsa samma bok eller artikel som författaren läst. Det har därför utvecklats några olika, men mycket strikta refereringsstilar, exempelvis APA, Harvard, Oxford och Vancouver, för hur referenser skall skrivas. I den här rapporten redogörs kortfattat för APA systemet. I referensstilarna ingår många detaljer exempelvis vart punkt och kommatecken skall sitta. Avdelningen för socialt arbete använder APA-stilen för referenshantering i samtliga uppsatser, examinationsuppgifter och andra former av inlämningsuppgifter. För övriga frågor om formalia och layout (typsnitt, radavstånd, rubriksättning etc.) gäller anvisningar i respektive studiehandledning. APA-stilen är utarbetad av American Psychological Association (APA) och används världen över i vetenskapliga tidskrifter framförallt inom psykologi och olika samhällsvetenskapliga ämnen där socialt arbete är ett av ämnena.

  • 29.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Flying to a foreign horizon on your own - About unaccompanied children’s everyday life in Sweden2012In: Joint World Conference on Social Work and Social Development 2012; Action and impact 8-12 july: Youth and participation / [ed] Eva Holmberg-Herrström, 2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is the country in Europe which in 2010 received the highest number of unaccompanied children. They came mainly from Afghanistan (1153) and Somalia (533) but also from several other countries. The aim of this study is to review and describe the situation for unaccompanied children in a city in Sweden. In the current study mixed methods were used - documents, statistical information, interviews, assessments. The study is a longitudinal study. The results from interviews with 10 unaccompanied children show that more than half of the children had been travelling to a country where they already had a relative. Statistics from the local authority show that 27% of the unaccompanied children have a kinship-placement. For the other children flying to a foreign horizon seem to be away from a situation than to something. Just one of the children has another reason than migration from a violent or threatening situation. Migration to education is the perspective of this child. Another important result of our interviews is that as many as eight out of ten young people have contact with one parent. A parent may be dead, but they have found and are in contact with at least one parent. How their contact with the family looks like, with whom and how often vary considerably for individual young people. It has also varied the time and manner in which they been able to find any parent. Young people’s mental well-being is not entirely satisfactory, according our study results. Many feel alone, sleep poorly and are stressed. At the same time they see themselves as happy and the view of the future seems bright. It can be interpreted as contradictory, but it need not be, because of it can be a sign of the complexity of the unaccompanied children’s life. As the study results show there is a varied background to escape the situation in their home country. The unaccompanied children are fleeing from threats to life and seem to have been sent to Europe to protect them. Parental contact on-line or phone is also thus a central part of many of the youngsters. It can be contact on a daily or less often, but has great importance for young people to get together his life, for young people’s wellbeing and their ability to emotionally put together their difficult life puzzles and for young people’s educational achievement and motivation for school work, as parent/s at home encourages studies.

    A presentation of the  study was made  at a workshop – Youth and participation. In this presentation the focus was in the unaccompanied children’s participation in decisions and their relationships with biological parents, foster parents and personnel at the local authority and Solitario.

  • 30.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    På väg in i det svenska samhället: Slututvärdering av Solitario – dagverksamhet för ensamkommande barn i Eskilstuna2012Report (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Ekermo, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Romers inkludering på arbetsmarknaden.: Utvärdering av projektet Romane Droma i Västerås stad.2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Under perioden september 2012 till augusti 2014 bedrevs ett arbetsmarknadsprojekt för romer i Västerås stad, Romane Droma. Målet med projektet var att stärka romers möjligheter till inkludering på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Projektet utvärderades av Mälardalens högskola med hjälp av en programteoretisk ansats. Fyra utvärderingsfrågor formulerades: (1) Hur ser projektets verksamhetsidé och logik ut?, (2) Vilka styrkor och svagheter har projektets verksamhetslogik i förhållande till mål och resultat som förväntas uppnås med projektet?, (3) Hur genomförs de centrala aktiviteterna/interventionerna i projektet?, (4) Vilka är framgångs- och riskfaktorer? Utvärderingens empiriska material utgjordes av projektets egen dokumentation, självvärderingar och intervjuer med projektledare och medarbetare. Utvärderingens resultat visade på ett komplext projekt innehållande många aktiviteter. Utvärderingen visade på och diskuterar styrkor och svagheter í verksamhetslogiken såväl som i genomförandet av aktiviteter samt summerar framgångs- och riskfaktorer avseende projektets måluppfyllelse.

  • 32.
    Fridström, Camilla
    et al.
    Örebro universitet.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    På väg in i det svenska samhället: Utvärdering av Solitario – dagverksamhet för ensamkommande barn. Del 2 Processutvärdering2011Report (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Områdesbeskrivningar av sju vårdverksamheter: Primärvårdens förutsättningar och befolkningens vårdbehov2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Lärandeprojektet Vård på lika villkor har varit en överenskommelse mellan staten och Sveriges Kommuner och Landsting som pågått mellan 2011 och 2014. Målet med projektet har varit att utveckla arbetssätt och metoder som kan främja en mer jämlik första linjens vård. Inom ramen för projektet har SKL uppdragit åt forskare vid Mälardalens högskola att göra områdesbeskrivningar för de sju medverkande vårdverksamheterna.

    Syftet med områdesbeskrivningarna är försöka ge en jämförbar beskrivning av de medverkande sju verksamheterna i projektet. Beskrivningen är gjord utifrån relevant statistik och demografi ska data på patientnivå, samt utifrån organisatoriska förutsättningar och resurser. Förhoppningen är att dessa uppgifter kan ge ökad förståelse för vilka patienter som fi nns i området och fungera som ett stöd i arbetet för en mer jämlik vård.

  • 34.
    Gustafsson, Gunnel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Primärvårdens förutsättningar och befolkningens behov i sju vårdverksamheter2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 132-143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing a program theory for a project and evaluate the project based on this program theory has both its merits and limitations. These merits and limitations in turn may be depend on the existing attitude towards a particular program theory. This study is about exploring how different phases and parts of the national learning project Care on equal terms (2011-2014) functioned in relation to the program theory developed in the beginning of the project. The result shows that the program theoretical perspective on the project contributed to a better structuring of the various forms of evaluation, given a broader understanding of the project's components and provided better opportunities to improve monitoring of the project by the research team in collaboration with the project management of the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) and the participating health care units.

  • 35.
    Jess, Kari
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Bridging a pedagogical dilemma?: Reflections on the design of a Masters' Program in Evaluation and Management2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Lahdenperä, Pirjo
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Jakobsson, Mats
    Messing, Torbjörn
    Mälardalen University.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Obondo, Margaret
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Sandström, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Tryggvason, Marja-Terttu
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Forskningscirkel - arena för verksamhetsutveckling i mångfald2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningscirkel  arena för verksamhetsutveckling i mångfald är en slutrapport av forskningscirkelarbetet inom projektet JämBredd, 2009-2011. I antologin presenteras projektet teoretiska referensram med mångfald, intersektionalitet och interkulturalitet samt erfarenheter av forskningscirkelarbetet i skola, förskola, omsorg, service och arbetslivet. Tio olika forskare från Mälardalens högskola har lett varsin forskningscirkel och skrivit om sina erfarenheter i olika kapitel. Antologin ger en bred bild av interkulturell verksamhetsnära forskning.

  • 37.
    Thitasan, Anchalee
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Boromarajonani, College of Nursing, Sunpasithiprasong, Thailand.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Annerbäck, E. -M
    Centre for Clinical Research, Uppsala University.
    Velandia, Marianne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Young people's health and risk behaviours in relation to their sexual orientation: A cross-sectional study of Thailand and Sweden2019In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, E-ISSN 1877-5764, Vol. 21, p. 67-74Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives: This study examined the associations between sexual orientation of young people and their health and risk behaviours in Thailand and Sweden, and to explore similarities and differences between the countries. Study design: A cross-sectional study using data from the Life and Health – Young surveys in Thailand and Sweden. Three different statistical analyses were used to examine the associations of the variables. Results: In total, 3869 students aged 16–18 years old were included: 1488 Thai students and 2381 Swedish students. Significantly more Thai (20%) than Swedish (9%) students identified themselves as bisexual, homosexual or unsure (p < .001). Bivariate analysis showed that, in Thailand, self-harm was more often reported by the homosexual, unsure, and bisexual groups than by the heterosexual group (p = .005). In Sweden, early sexual debut was more often reported by the unsure, bisexual, and homosexual groups than by the heterosexual group (p = .033). Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that homosexual and unsure sexual orientations were significantly associated with self-harm (p < .05) among Thai students. Unsure sexual orientation was significantly associated with early sexual debut (p = .04) among Swedish students. Multiple correspondence analysis indicated that sexual orientation was associated with health and risk behaviours, and varied by different subcategories of students’ backgrounds such as country, sexual orientation, family structure and adult support. Conclusions: Sexual minority young people reported more risk behaviours and poorer health than their heterosexual counterparts. The findings are useful for policy programmes on sexual and reproductive health and rights of young people.

  • 38.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, JPS.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Intra- and Inter-generational Perspectives on Youth Participation in Sweden: A Study with Young People as Research Partners2015In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 29, no 2, p. 134-145Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, intra- and inter-generational perspectives on youth participation are combined and compared. Young people were invited to participate as research partners in an interactive research circle and conducted a survey about participation with other young people as respondents. The discussion concerns how an interactive methodology contributes to the understanding of the concept of participation. It is suggested that political definitions of participation be amended to include having a sense of being recognised in a communicative context, taking responsibility and share with other people one’s experiences. This is based on the perspectives of young people.

  • 39.
    Åkerström, Jeanette
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, JPS.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Young people’s perceptions and experiences of participation and discrimination in school – an intra-generational perspective2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a study in which two groups of young people were actors, one group as research partners and another group as respondents. The study was about experiences of participation in school from an intra-generational perspective. An interactive research methodology was used in the study. Young research partners were involved in formulating research questions and implementing a ‘Youth survey’ among other students in secondary or upper secondary schools. Respondents in the survey were 100 students (15-18y) in both special and mainstream schools. Mixed methods were used and the qualitative empery described youth’s perceptions of participation. Quantitative empery described youth’s experiences of participation. Perceived barriers to participation were both peer and adult mediated. There were also structural barriers as discrimination and communicative exclusion. Youth’s perceptions of participation included social relations with peers, educational relation with teachers and democratic values in school policy. Conditions for participation were related to young people’s agency. Experiences of ill treatment from peers and from adults were correlated. The lack of adult support made one group of students doubly exposed. The intergenerational perspective showed lack of adult responsibility for youth’s participation. The intra generational perspective showed that the act of taking responsibility was important for youth’s participation. Adults need to take responsibility for facilitating young people’s participation and youth’s need to be empowered as part in participatory processes

  • 40.
    Özar, Şemsa
    et al.
    Boğaziçi University, İstanbul/ Turkey.
    Uçarlar, Nesrin
    Bilgi University, İstanbul/ Turkey.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Özar, Şemsa
    et al.
    Boğaziçi University, İstanbul/ Turkey.
    Uçarlar, Nesrin
    Bilgi University, İstanbul/ Turkey.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Geçmişten Günümüze Türkiye'de Paramiliter Bir Yapılanma: Köy Koruculuğu Sistemi [From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System]2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Özar, Şemsa
    et al.
    Boğaziçi University, İstanbul/ Turkey.
    Uçarlar, Nesrin
    Bilgi University, İstanbul/ Turkey.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ji Do Heta Îro Li Tirkiyeyê Sazîbûneka Nîvleşkerî: Pergala Cerdevaniyê [From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System]2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
1 - 42 of 42
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