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  • 1.
    Bergman, Helena
    et al.
    Institutet för framtidsstudier.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Klinth, Roger
    Linköpings universitet.
    Föräldraskapets omvandlingar och styrningens omvandlingar2011In: Föräldraskapets politik: Från 1900- till 2000-tal / [ed] Helena Bergman, Maria Eriksson & Roger Klinth, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag , 2011, 1, p. 7-26Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Broberg, Anders
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Kjerstin
    Karlstads universitet, Sweden.
    Appell, Petra
    Karstads universitet, Sweden.
    Axberg, Ulf
    Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Cater, Åsa
    Örebro universitet, Sweden.
    Draxler, Helena
    Karlstads universitet, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Grip, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Hjärthag, Fredrik
    Karlstads universitet, Sweden.
    Hultmann, Ole
    Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Iversen, Clara
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Röbäck de Souza, Karin
    Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Utveckling av bedömningsinstrument och stödinsatser för våldsutsatta barn2015Report (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Dahlkild-Öhman, Gunilla
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Inequality regimes and men’s positions in social work2013In: Gender, Work and Organization, ISSN 0968-6673, E-ISSN 1468-0432, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 85-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to contribute to the exploration of men’s positions in professions numerically dominated by women through an in depth analysis of the gendering practices in groups of social workers. The empirical material consists of interviews with three work groups in Sweden, each with one man and several women as members. The analysis focuses upon gendering practices in the interview setting. It shows how the positions occupied by the men in the sample confirm or undermine constructions of masculinity as dominance. Furthermore, it is argued that to fully understand men’s positions in these groups the analysis needs take other forms of inequality into account in addition to gender. It is shown that in the empirical cases under scrutiny men’s positions are shaped by regimes of inequality where age and gender relations, as well as notions of professional experience, are interconnected.

  • 4.
    Eriksson, Kristina
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Eriksson, Maria
    "Kön har ingen betydelse men könsblandning är bra": 'könsgörande' i två professionella sammanhang2002In: Kvinnovetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 0348-8365, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 53-72Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 5.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Användning av BRA - Barns rätt som anhöriga2018Report (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Barn som upplever våld2014In: I arbete med våldsutsatta kvinnor: Handbok för yrkesverksamma / [ed] Josefin Grände, Lisa Lundberg, Maria Eriksson, Stockholm: Gothia Fortbildning , 2014, 3, p. 112-131Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Barn som upplever våld2009In: I arbete med våldsutsatta kvinnor: Handbok för yrkesverksamma / [ed] Josefin Grände, Lisa Lundberg & Maria Eriksson, Stockholm: Gothia Förlag , 2009, p. 108-127Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Barn, våld, familjerätt och kvinnojoursarbete2009Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Barns rätt som anhöriga BRA: Utvärdering av ett utvecklingsarbete2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rapporten redovisar iakttagelser och slutsatser om Allmänna Barnhusets utvecklingsarbete med namnet BRA – Barns Rätt som Anhöriga, och den modell för information, råd och stöd till anhöriga barn som arbetet resulterade i: BRA-modellen. Utvärderingsuppdragets fokus har legat på att skaffa en så bred bild som möjligt av BRA modellen, och att ta vara på synpunkter, tankar och förändringsförslag som kan bidra till att tydliggöra och förbättra modellen. Det empiriska underlaget består av basuppgifter om 46 av de 56 barn och unga som deltagit i BRA-samtal och läger, intervjuer med 8 av de deltagande barnen, intervjuer och samtal med 11 personer från de 3 pilotverksamheter som ingick i projektet, och samtal med de 2 projektledarna från Barnhuset.

    Utvecklingsarbetet prövade en modell med följande komponenter: barn och föräldrar får vid ett första samtal tillsammans information om de rättigheter som barnets anhörigskap medför. Barnet erbjuds sen 1-2 enskilda samtal. Om barnet önskar genomförs därefter ytterligare ett samtal tillsammans med föräldern. Efter de enskilda samtalen erbjuds barnet att träffa andra barn med liknande erfarenhet under ett läger en helg eller ett skollov.

    Utifrån uppgifter om deltagande barn och de insatser som genomförts kan man dra slutsatsen att det är två olika versioner av BRA som prövats i praktiken: ”fullständig-BRA” där modellen har i relativt hög grad prövats utifrån samtliga komponenter och ”mini-BRA” där BRA-insatsen framförallt har bestått av ett inledande informationssamtal och i vissa fall ytterligare ett individuellt samtal. Vidare har de olika versionerna av BRA riktats till delvis olika målgrupper, vilket betyder att BRA-modellen i sin helhet framförallt har prövats på tonårstjejer med erfarenhet av föräldrars psykiska ohälsa, medan yngre flickor och pojkar vars föräldrar har någon typ av somatisk problematik endast tagit del av mini-BRA. Det är endast barn från de verksamheter som åtminstone i några fall prövat fullständig-BRA som kommer till tals i intervjuerna. Sammantaget betyder detta att slutsatserna om hur modellen fungerar för yngre barn och barn till föräldrar med somatiska sjukdomar blir ganska osäkra.

    Såväl de intervjuade barnens utsagor som det samtalsledarna säger tyder på att när det gäller individdelen av BRA har målsättningarna uppfyllts i hög grad vad gäller att barnen har fått kunskap om sina rättigheter med anledning av förälderns fysiska sjukdom/psykiska störning/missbruk, att de har fått den information de behöver om sin förälders sjukdom/psykiska störning/missbruk, och att de har fått hjälp att uttrycka eventuellt behov av råd och stöd. Både barn och samtalsledare kommenterar också det pedagogiska redskap som används i samtalen och menar att det har varit viktigt och till stor hjälp. Det är dock inte lika tydligt att barnets behov av råd och stöd blivit synliggjort för föräldrar/närstående vuxna, eller att barnet eller familjen vid behov har länkats till personer/verksamheter som kan ge hjälp; råd, stöd, behandling, och så vidare. I synnerhet dessa frågor kan alltså behöva stå i fokus i fortsatt utvecklingsarbete. I och med de begränsningar som finns i materialet om och från de deltagande barnen går det inte att utifrån barnen uttala sig om det är några grupper barn som individdelen av BRA inte fungerar lika bra för. Piloternas tankar om eventuella begränsningar handlar framförallt om att BRA-modellen skulle behöva anpassas till barn med olika former av funktionsnedsättningar och kommunikationssvårigheter. Sammantaget framstår individdelen av modellen som mycket lovande och utifrån de intervjuer som rapporten bygger på kan man tolka det som att BRA-samtal kan stärka barns känsla av sammanhang.

    Målsättningarna för lägret verkar de ha uppfyllts i mycket hög grad när det gäller att stärka barnen genom att de får träffa andra i samma situation, uppleva gemenskap och dela erfarenheter, bli hörda och få uttrycka sina åsikter, samt att ha kul och lära sig mer om sina rättigheter. Det är mer oklart i vilken lägret bidragit till att barnen fått fler strategier att hantera vardagen som anhörig. De barn som deltagit i ett läger talar alla mycket positivt om den erfarenheten. Mer kritiska synpunkter från barnen handlar - vid sidan om att lägret varit lite för komprimerat tidsmässigt - framförallt om att lägerledarna behöver vara observanta på att det kan vara påfrestande känslomässigt för deltagarna att vara på läger. Ett inslag i lägerprogrammet är inspirerat av norska Forandringsfabrikkens deltagandemodell höringar och i den här delen får barnen möjlighet att som grupp förmedla erfarenheter, goda råd och förslag på förbättringar för anhöriga barn till politiker och beslutsfattare. Att döma av de barn som kommit till tals i intervjuerna var relationen till och utbytet med de andra barnen betydligt viktigare än detta mer barnpolitiska inslag. Barns rätt till att komma till tals också i ett vidare perspektiv verkar inte ha stått högst på agendan för de barn som deltog i lägret. Det kan bland annat ha att göra med att de inte träffat varandra tidigare utan etablerade sina relationer där och då.

    BRA är en modell som sätter barnets rättigheter i fokus. Arbetet bygger på barns delaktighet och förutsätter de vuxnas lyssnande. De barn som intervjuats bekräftar att det är viktigt att BRA-modellen har barnets rättigheter som utgångspunkt, och man kan tolka barnintervjuerna som att samtalsledarna i hög grad lyckats bidra till att barnen fått mer kunskap om sina rättigheter. Det som för många av pilotverksamhetens medlemmar har varit nytt med BRA-modellen är dels att insatsen riktar sig direkt till barnet och sedan just detta att arbetet utgår från barns rättigheter och delaktighet. Piloterna betonar att det är ett nytt perspektiv de har lärt sig att arbeta utifrån, som ifrågasätter vuxnas tolkningsföreträde. Även utgångspunkten i rätten till information ger ett annat arbetssätt och en mer lyssnande inställning, medan det ”vanliga” sättet att arbeta framstår som tydligare styrt av de professionella. Det kan dock vara en utmaning att arbeta utifrån barns delaktighet och egenmakt inom ramen för relationer som inte är jämlika utan i stället präglas av vuxnas överordning och barns beroende och underordning. En annan utmaning med att arbeta på det här sättet är att rättigheter kan framstå som något ganska abstrakt och att det kan vara svårt att ”översätta” så att det blir möjligt för barn att ta till sig kunskap om sina rättigheter. Ytterligare en utmaning är förknippad med ansatsen att lära barn något. En erfarenhet från pilotomgången är att medan det första individuella samtalet väldigt tydligt har fokus på det enskilda barnet, kan det vid det andra samtalet vara lätt att börja ”undervisa” om rättigheter, så att samtalets innehåll inte kommer lika mycket från barnen själva, och barnen får en lägre grad av delaktighet. Ytterligare en utmaning som piloterna lyfter fram är att det inte är givet att BRA-tanken om barns rättigheter och barns delaktighet också i ett vidare perspektiv får gehör i den egna organisationen eller hos andra samhällsinstanser.

    En analys av hinder och möjligheter när det gäller tillämpningen av modellen bekräftar väl känd kunskap om betydelsen av såväl organisatorisk förankring och beredskap som ledningsstöd vid implementeringen av nya metoder eller arbetssätt. Det blir också tydligt det kanske ställs särskilda krav på organisatorisk förberedelse om BRA-modellen ska implementeras inom verksamheter med vuxna som primär målgrupp. Det behöver också finnas en grundläggande kunskap i hela organisationen om anhöriga barn och deras rättigheter för att det ska bli möjligt att rekrytera barn till BRA-insatsen. Under utvecklingsarbetet var en utgångspunkt att BRA-modellen ska vara så grundläggande att även av personal som inte är särskilt inriktade på barn ska kunna använda den. Piloterna menar dock att även om modellen är tydlig och enkel ställer exempelvis BRA-samtal krav på den som leder samtalen, och den förutsätter viss vana och erfarenhet att luta sig mot. Den utbildning i modellen piloterna genomgått får genomgående högt betyg, liksom stödet i förberedelse och genomförande av lägren. Kritiska kommentarer handlar mer om olika besked under projektet gång om exempelvis rekrytering till lägret. Det faktum att BRA framställs som en modell kan också vara något av en utmaning för dem som ska omsätta den i praktik, och det ställer krav på handledning från Barnhusets sida. Detta eftersom en del professionella, inte minst inom socialtjänsten, är ovana vid att arbeta manualbaserat. En del piloter uttrycker exempelvis en osäkerhet om de måste följa anvisningarna ”till punkt och pricka” för att de ska genomföra ”riktiga” BRA-samtal. En fråga för det vidare arbetet med BRA är att tydliggöra instruktionen till BRA-samtal och diskutera hur strikt denna måste följas för att det ska vara fråga om just ”BRA: Barns Rätt som Anhöriga”.

    Helhetsbedömningen blir att detta är ett i många avseenden framgångsrikt utvecklingsarbete. Det material som ligger till grund för analysen tyder på att arbetet med BRA-samtal och läger lyckats uppfylla målsättningarna. Vidare har utvecklingsarbetet resulterat i en modell som framstår som lovande inte bara när det handlar om att informera anhöriga barn om deras rättigheter och kartlägga behov av vidare stöd, utan som även tycks kunna stärka barns känsla av sammanhang. När nu modellen är utvecklad blir det därför angeläget att på allvar pröva den i olika verksamheter, och att studera hur BRA modellen fungerar i jämförelse med andra metoder eller modeller för information och stöd till barn som anhöriga.

  • 10.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Children who "witness" Violence as Crime Victims and Changing Family Law in Sweden2010In: Journal of Child Custody, ISSN 1537-940X, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 93-116Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Changes to the Swedish family law that came into force on the 1st of July 2006 aimed at introducing a more safety oriented approach to custody, contact or residence disputes where there is also a history of domestic violence. In the 1990s, a more gender sensitive and “holistic” approach to violence in intimate relationships was introduced in Sweden. In the wake of these developments, children who see or hear violence to a parent, typically the mother, have increasingly come to be defined as crime victims in their own right. It is argued that these developments are also a key to understanding recent changes in family law and policy on custody, residence or contact more broadly. A feminist framework for understanding violence in heterosexual relationships in combination with the redefinition of children who “witness” violence seem to have created a discursive opportunity structure enabling a shift in focus as regards violent fathers as parents, reaching into the area of family law.

  • 11.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Children's perspectives: On violence and interventions to protect and support them2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Children’s voices, children’s agency and the development of knowledge about children exposed to intimate partner violence2016In: Interpersonal Violence: Differences and Connections / [ed] Marita Husso, Tuija Virkki, Marianne Notko, Helena Hirvonen, Jari Eilola, London: Routledge, 2016, 1, p. 140-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this chapter, I argue that children’s voices and perspectives constitute a very fruitful point of departure in knowledge development in the field of intimate partner violence (IPV). Furthermore, that research and practice need to draw on a “double view” on these children as both objects for adults’ care, protection and support, and as social actors with their own perspectives, preferences and agendas.

    First, I review the extent to which it is possible to identify current research on intimate partner violence focusing on children’s voices and children’s agency, and outline a typology of different kinds of research on children exposed to intimate partner violence, as well as the “double view” on children exposed to intimate partner violence.

    Second, I discuss three different empirical areas to illustrate the point about possible knowledge gains. The first area is children’s exposure to intimate partner violence, specifically children’s ways of tackling their situation and experiences. This part of the discussion includes elaborations of the concept of “witnessing” or exposure to IPV, the relationship between the effects of exposure and children’s creation of meaning, and children’s agency. The second area is risk assessment and it is argued that such assessments must include not just immediate danger (or perpetrator dangerousness) but also the long-term risk associated with emotional violence, retraumatization or undermining of recovery, as well as the child’s sense of security. The third area is the critical assessment of support and treatment interventions, including perspectives on children exposed to IPV as services users, and to what extent their service user perspectives are included in the development and evaluations of interventions.

  • 13.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Children’sviews on children’s participation in family law proceedings: PaperPresented at the 2012 Joint World Conference on Social Work andSocial Development: Action and Impact, Stockholm, Sweden 8-12 July 2012; Symposium 12:Swedish Standing Symposium Social Work Responses to Vulnerable Groups2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Drawing upon a Swedish study of vulnerable children as social actors in family law proceedings this paper explores how children themselves approach and negotiate the issue of participation. The discussion is based upon thematically structured interviews with children whose father has been violent to their mother and who have met with social workers in the context of a legal dispute about custody, residence or contact. The analysis reconstructs how these children have dealt with encounters with social workers and to what extent they used the space for action they perceived that they had. What children are doing in this situation – that they all are somehow prepared for– can be seen as intentional at least to some extent. Therefore the concept of strategy seems appropriate: actions and non-action are chosen for a purpose. Children’s strategies are outlined and it is discussed how different child strategies may be linked to children’s perspectives on participation expressed in these interviews, and what these links between children’s perspectives and their strategies can tell us about children’s participation in the context of a difficult life situation. One tentative conclusion that can be drawn from the analysis outlined above is that this empirical material points in the same direction as some previous studies in the field. Children in the sample tend to place less emphasis on shared decision- making and stress the right to decide “for yourself”. This tendency can perhaps be linked to the experience of previous violence and/or oppression by parents (fathers) and /or oppression by social workers. Another observation is that it is children who describe explicit or implicit protest against the ways in which the conversations with them have been carried out, that are the children who almost exclusively draw upon the principle of participation when talking about this issue.

  • 14.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Contact, Shared Parenting, and Violence: Children as Witnesses of Domestic Violence in Sweden2011In: International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, ISSN 1360-9939, E-ISSN 1464-3707, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 165-183Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As in many other countries in the West, Swedish policy and law presupposes shared parenting and a high degree of parental co-operation after separation or divorce. Parents are expected to share the legal responsibility for the child and face-to-face contact is presumed to be in the best interests of the child. It was not until the new millennium that intimate partner violence was placed upon the policy agenda to any greater extent in the field of family law. The legislation has recently been revised with the aim of ensuring a higher degree of safety for both abused parents and children. The re-definition of children exposed to violence as crime victims seems to be a key to these changes. In many ways, the development regarding intimate partner violence represents a significant change of direction in Swedish policy in the area of family law. However, it is argued that policy makers need to pay more attention to the implementation of safety-oriented reforms. The discussion demonstrates how three social positions available for children in this context – the witness, the victim, and the competent participant – form a relational pattern full of tensions that creates challenges for everyday professional practice. The article highlights how the ambiguity in the perspective on children, constructing them as both ‘becomings’ and ‘beings’ may undermine policy intentions to create a higher degree of safety in the field of family law for this particular group of vulnerable children.

  • 15.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Delmål 4: Mäns våld mot kvinnor ska upphöra2015In: Forskarrapporter till Jämställdhetsutredningen: SOU 2015:86 Betänkande av Jämställdhetsutredningen, Stockholm: Fritzes, 2015, p. 235-337Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Deltagarnas röster om BRA modellen2014In: Barns rätt som anhöriga: Om att göra barn delaktiga / [ed] Åsa Lundström Mattsson, Stockholm: Allmänna Barnhuset , 2014, 1, p. 17-35Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Domestic violence, family law proceedings, and children’s victimization at school2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim

    The paper   discusses what the practices of family law social workers and school staff   mean for children’s vulnerability and victimization at school (including   preschool).

    Background  

    While   there has been considerable discussion of issues about child protection and   the cooperation between school and social services in that context, studies   on the intersection between school and family law proceedings seem virtually   non-existent. This is also the case when it comes to family law proceedings,   school and different forms of childhood adversity.

    Methods

    The   analysis draws on a survey to 110 preschool managers and 110 school head   teachers in two counties in Sweden, as well as qualitative interviews with   school staff, individually or in groups (22 interviewees).

    Findings

    Victimizing practices range from staff   neglect of children’s possible fear due to previous exposure to violence, and   the invalidation of experiences of violence, to outright dangerousness as   when staff exposing children and their abused mothers to risks for further   violence. Not just the children who are the objects of a family law dispute   are subjected to victimising practices at school, but other children as well.   A key example is when children with disputing parents are subjected institutional   violence by social workers trying to enforce contact, and this is witnessed   by other children.

    Conclusion

    The pattern of victimizing practices can   be linked to institutional and professional hierarchies, as well as dominating   discourses in the domain of education constructing domestic violence as a   problem of order affecting the collective, rather than as a threat to the   rights of individual children.

     

  • 18.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Domesticviolence, family law proceedings, and children’s vulnerability at school2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    While there has been considerable discussion of issues about child protection and the cooperation between school and social services in that context, studies on the intersection between school and family law proceedings seem virtually non-existent. This is also the case when it comes to family law proceedings, school and different forms of childhood adversity. An on-going study aims to fill this gap in knowledge and explores how family law proceedings in cases involving domestic violence impact on school and how school staff tackle the issue of domestic violence and family law. The paper discusses what the practices of family law professionals (social workers investigating the child’s situation) as well as school staff mean for children’s vulnerability and victimization at school. The analysis both concerns the children exposed to violence who are the objects of family law disputes, and the vulnerability of other children at school. The empirical material consists of qualitative interviews with school staff, individually or in groups (22 interviewees). The analysis shows that children’s vulnerability and victimization can be due both to actions by family law social workers and by school staff. The material includes examples such as children in a class becoming witnesses to one of their peers being collected by social services staff for contact visits with a previously violent parent, in spite of the child trying to resist this; or a previously violent father without right to contact turning up at school and the staff phone the mother (rather than the police), ask her to come to school and deal with the situation, and send the mother and the father – together with the child - from the school premises to resolve the situation. In cases with previous violence, these are quite problematic and dangerous practices. The paper discusses what implications practices like these have not just for the child concerned but also for the children at school more broadly when it comes to children’s sense of security and well-being. Finally, these practices are linked to dominating discourses in the domain of family law and school respectively.

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Family law proceedings, intimate partner violence, and children’s victimizationat school2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives

    What do practices of family law professionals and school staff mean for children’s vulnerability and victimization at school? While there has been considerable discussion of issues about child protection and the cooperation between school and social services in that context, studies on the intersection between school and family law proceedings seem virtually non-existent. This is also the case when it comes to family law proceedings, school and different forms of childhood adversity. The paper explores how family law proceedings in cases involving intimate partner violence impact on school and how school staff tackle the issue of violence and family law.

    Methods

    The empirical material consists of qualitative interviews with a sample of pre-school/school staff, individually or in groups, and a questionnaire to school head teachers and pre-school managers. In total 12 interviews were carried out with 22 interviewees from different staff categories. The questionnaire was sent out to 110 pre-schools and 110 schools in two Swedish counties (response rate 51 and 65 percent respectively). The analysis both concerns the children exposed to violence who are the objects of family law disputes, and the vulnerability of other children at school.

    Results

    The analysis shows that children’s victimization at school can be due to actions by court staff, family law social workers and school staff, in addition to actions by parents. The problematic practices range from actions with victimizing effects, such as the neglect of children’s possible fear due to previous experiences of violence, or the invalidation experiences of violence, to outright dangerousness as when leaving children and their mothers without protection. In the worst case scenario, these practices enable further violence, possibly even lethal violence. Further violence may also be witnessed by other children present at school.

    Conclusion

    The examples found in the data sets make it clear that it is not just the children who are the objects of a family law dispute that are subjected to victimizing practices at school, but other children as well. An issue raised by the analysis presented here is the question as to whether the concept of children “witnessing” violence as crime victims in their own right – well established in Swedish policy today - should be expanded to include also children who witness violence against their peers or their peers’ parents at school.

  • 20.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Girls and boys as victims: Social workers’ approaches to children exposed to violence2009In: Child Abuse Review, ISSN 0952-9136, E-ISSN 1099-0852, Vol. 18, no 6, p. 428-445Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores what notions of the child, victim, girlhood and boyhood may mean for social workers' approaches to children 'witnessing' or being exposed to violence. The discussion draws on qualitative interviews with children who have participated in social services' investigations regulated by Swedish family law. The analytical framework combines a care perspective focused on the vulnerable position of children exposed to violence, and a rights/participation perspective focusing on children's agency and rights to participation. Drawing on children's narratives, it is shown how social workers create at least four different victim positions for children in the investigation process: protected victim, invisible victim, unprotected victim and victim with participation. Thereafter, it is discussed how child positions and social work approaches may be linked to a wider cultural context, in particular notions of 'ideal' victims, age and gender.

  • 21.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    I skuggan av Pappa: familjerätten och hanteringen av fäders våld2003Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims of this thesis are to shed light on the handling of fathers’ violence in the context of separation and divorce in Sweden today; and to analytically and empirically relate age, gender and kinship to each other. The aims are fulfilled by three interlinked studies of what constructions and the constructing of age, gender and kinship mean for the handling of fathers’ violence against mothers/co-parents and children: in social policy; by separated mothers; and finally by family law secretaries. Each study builds upon a separate set of qualitative material: public documents from three policy areas; thematically structured interviews with abused, separated mothers and family law secretaries. The empirical results make visible some unintended consequences of current attempts in Sweden to create gender equality, shared parenting, a “new father” and to promote children’s interests. Study one demonstrates that when the politics and policy regarding parenthood, separation and divorce are taken as the point of departure, the contemporary age-, gender-, and kinship-order stands out as patriarchal: as marked by father-power based upon ties of blood to not yet adult children. Furthermore, violent fathers neither exist as a concept nor as a policy problem. The interviewed mothers narrate how they have tried to deal with the co-parent’s/ex-partners’ behaviour as violence but have encountered hindrances; the interviewed family law secretaries’ handling fathers’ violence stands out as more of a non-handling, especially in the case of violence against children. When the everyday constructions and constructing of age, gender and kinship discussed in study two and three are taken together, the contours of the patriarchal order seen through the lens of policy are also made visible: fathers’ space for action is vast; children’ and mothers’ more limited. The analysis shows how political and professional handling of fathers’ violence through a non-handling is made possible by well-established notions of heterosexual relationships, fatherhood, motherhood, age- and kinship-relations, as well as family law secretary-professionalism. However, the two studies based upon interviews demonstrate not just how the everyday constructions and constructing mentioned above can be used to reproduce father-power, but also how this power can be challenged.

  • 22.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Justice or Welfare?: Nordic Women's Shelters and Children's Rights Organizations on Children Exposed to Violence2010In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 11, no 1, p. 66-85Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Efforts to promote the protection of, and support to, abused women have opened up new understandings concerning children who see, hear or in other ways are exposed to men’s violence against women and its consequences. On the basis of a redefinition of children exposed to violence into children subjected to violence, some important policy changes have recently been made in the Nordic countries as regards children’s status as crime victims. To enable a better understanding of the context of such changes in policy, this article explores the extent to which Nordic women’s shelter/crisis centre organisations and children’s rights organisations draw upon a justice discourse in relation to the issue of children exposed to violence. The analysis is based upon a study of ten organisations working at a national level in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.

  • 23.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Maktordningars betydelse i val och upplägg av utvärderingar: Keynote vid 2015 års nationella utvärderingskonferens2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Men's violence, men's parenting and gender politics in Sweden2002In: NORA: Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research, ISSN 0803-8740, E-ISSN 1502-394X, Vol. 10, no 1, p. 6-15Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to open up for further discussion and empirical research on the relation of men's violence to men as parents. Drawing upon previous research on men's violence against women, it is suggested that a man's relationship with his part

  • 25.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mothers as a vulnerable group of women subjected to violence2014In: Social Dialogue. Free Magazine of the International Association of Schools of Social Work, ISSN 2221-352X, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 10-15Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Violence against women is a social problem that affects all groups of women in society. Although violence is a general problem in this sense, some groups of women are more vulnerable to violence and find themselves in a more difficult situation when subjected to it. Vulnerability can both be an issue of an increased risk for violence or specific forms of violence, and a lack of knowledge and inadequate responses to some women and their needs from practitioners. In policy debates and in the literature “special” forms of vulnerability are often discussed as issues of addiction, disability, ethnic minority or immigrant status, mental health problems, prostitution and trafficking, violence in same-sex relationships, or old age. This article argues that we also need to recognize the vulnerability of abused women who are also mothers, and critically explore how expectations on mothers and (good enough) motherhood may contribute to a special form of vulnerability.

  • 26.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mänskliga rättigheter: en introduktion2015In: Hur mänskliga rättigheter, mäns våld mot kvinnor och våld mot barn beaktas i högre utbildning: Rapportering av ett regeringsuppdrag, Stockholm: Universitetskanslersämbetet , 2015, p. 5-8Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    När våldsverkligheten tränger sig på: Direkt och indirekt styrning av separerade föräldrar2011In: Föräldraskapets politik: från 1900- till 2000-tal / [ed] Helena Bergman, Maria Eriksson & Roger Klinth, Stockholm: Dialogos Förlag , 2011, 1, p. 109-128Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Panel on men, masculinities, and violence2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Participation for children exposed to domestic violence?: Social workers’ approaches and children’s strategies2012In: European Journal of Social Work, ISSN 1369-1457, E-ISSN 1468-2664, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 205-221Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores social workers’ approaches to children exposed to domestic violence and children’s strategies in encounters with these professionals in the context of family law proceedings. Investigator approaches as well as child strategies are reconstructed from children’s narratives. Furthermore, possible links between the social worker’s approach described by a particular child, and the child’s own strategies are outlined. Participation can offer children validation of their experiences and support their recovery after exposure to violence. However, it is suggested that it seems to be a challenging task for social workers to both validate children’s experiences of violence and simultaneously offer them participation in the investigation process.

  • 30.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Professionalism or ageism? Social worker approaches to children exposed to intimate partner violence: Paper presented at the 2012 Joint WorldConference on Social Work and Social Development: Action and Impact, Stockholm, Sweden 8-12 July 20122012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper outlines social positions and age related inequality in encounters between Swedish social workers specialized in family law, and children exposed to intimatepartner violence. The discussion draws upon qualitative, semi-structuredinterviews with 17 children, ages 8 to 17, exploring how children with a fatherwho is or has been violent to their mother, experience and manage encounters withthis group of social workers. Participation in family law proceedings can offer children validation of their experiences and support their recovery after exposure to violence. However, it seems to be a challenging task for social workers to both validate children’s experiences of violence and simultaneously offer them participation in the investigation process. Furthermore, some socialworker approaches constitute ageism towards children. The analysis was carriedout in two steps: firstly, social worker approaches to children were reconstructed from children’s narratives. From these follows the position ascribed to the child, the degree and different dimensions of participation, as well as opportunities for validation of children’s experiences of violence. Thenext step was to link the different child positions to adult positions. Drawingupon the theoretical claim from childhood sociology that child and adult are social positions internally related to each other, it is argued that the different child positions emerging from children’s narratives give insight also into different adult positions available to social workers in this context, as well as age related inequality between adult social workers and child service users. In relation to children’s participation, three different adult positions could be found: child-oriented participant, care person, and someone exercising paternalism without care. While the first position implies an equal child-adultrelationship, the two latter imply dominant adults and children as objects ofcare or of paternalism. In relation to children’s experiences of violence four positions were found: a protector – also from talking about violence - someonein denial of the child’s vulnerability, someone indifferent, and a helper. Itis only in the last case that the adult in question is validating the child’s experiences. The paper ends with a discussion about how the different adultpositions can be linked to constructions of professionalism and traditions within social work more broadly

  • 31.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Särskild sårbarhet: Våldsutsatta kvinnor och barn som upplever våld2014In: Våldsutsatta kvinnor: Samhällets ansvar / [ed] Gun Heimer, Annika Björck, Chrystal Kunosson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2014, 3, p. 73-96Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Tackling violence in intimacy: Interacting power relations and policy change2013In: Current Sociology, ISSN 0011-3921, E-ISSN 1461-7064, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 171-189Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the article is to discuss interacting power relations and policy change. Children’s exposure to intimate partner violence and policy change in Sweden is the empirical case in point. It is argued that to understand the shift in Swedish policy as regards exposure to intimate partner violence it is important to recognize, on the one hand, the social order shaping policy and practice, and, on the other hand, the role of collective and individual actors in the field as well as the opportunity structure that enables social change. Furthermore, subordinating children to adults comes across as a particularly potent way of challenging gendered inequality in the form of men’s violence against women in intimate relationships. Possibilities for social change thus seem to be greater in relation to gender, than age. An empirically sensitive and actor-centred intersectional analysis must be sophisticated enough to grasp complexities such as these if we are to be able to fully understand agency and policy change within a complex social order.

  • 33.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Vuxna –finns de?: Paper presenterat vid Sociologförbundets årsmöte, Stockholm, 15-17 mars 2012, workshop om ålder och makt2012Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Rubriken är en parafras på statsvetaren Maud Eduardsartikel ”Män – finns de?” där hon diskuterar det politiskt och teoretiskt intressanta att inom politiken könsbestäms ofta kvinnor medan det samma integäller för män. På liknande sätt kan man hävda att inom sociologin åldersbestäms ofta barn, men inte vuxna. Barn pekas ut och diskuteras utifråndet faktum att de är just barn, medan vuxenheten tas för given. I sociologins mittfåra är vuxna både en given utgångspunkt och samtidigt märkligt frånvarande: de problematiseras inte som vuxna. Trots att forskningsfält som barndomsforskning, ungdomsforskning och socialgerontologi länge problematiserat ålder och på olika sätt kritiskt diskuterat en ”medelåldersnorm”, saknas idag en motsvarighet tillkritiska studier av män och maskulinitet, queerstudier och kritik avheteronormen eller kritiska studier av vithet. I papret argumenteras för att ”kritiska vuxenstudier” behövs och med hjälp av två empiriska exempel - frånfamiljerättsutredares möten med barn som upplevt våld respektive förhållningssätt till våldsutövande fäder - visas hur en explicit problematiseringav olika vuxenpositioner kan bidra till en analys av exempelvis makt och professionalitetskonstruktioner respektive föräldraskap.

  • 34.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Våld, familjerätt och barns utsatthet i förskola och skola2014In: Barnrätt: En antologi / [ed] Ann-Christin Cederborg och Wiweka Warnling-Nerep, Stockholm: Norstedts Juridik AB, 2014, 1, p. 157-174Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Eriksson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Våld i ungas parrelationer2016In: Ungdomar, sexualitet och relationer / [ed] Elisabet Häggström-Nordin, Chris Magnussson, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2016, 2, p. 159-172Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 36.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Berg, Lena
    Wallqvist, Annette
    Våldsförebyggande arbete med män: En kunskapsöversikt2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Domestic violence, family law and school: Children's right to participation, protection, and provision2013 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Domestic Violence, Family Law and School discusses the ways in which family law disputes in cases of domestic violence can impact on children's lives at pre-school and school. In drawing on new research, the book establishes a new framework for understanding how welfare systems tackle domestic violence.

  • 38.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Family law proceedings, domestic violence and the impact upon school: a neglected area of research2013In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 27, no 2, p. 81-91Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to open up a discussion about an unexplored area of children’s lives at school. While there has been considerable discussion of issues about child protection and the cooperation between school and social services in that context, studies on the intersection between school and family law proceedings seem virtually non-existent. This is also the case when it comes to family law proceedings and different forms of childhood adversity. Drawing upon previous and ongoing research on family law and domestic violence in Sweden, together with a number of other existing studies on children and domestic violence, this article outlines the potential impact of family law proceedings upon school as well as issues requiring further research exploration.

  • 39.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bruno, Linnéa
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Förskolan och skolan som arena2015In: Barns röster om våld: Att lyssna, tolka och förstå / [ed] Maria Eriksson, Åsa Källström Cater, Elisabet Näsman, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 2, p. 163-178Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Dahlkild-Öhman, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Motstridende forståelser av risiko og risikovurderinger i familierettssammenhenger2010In: Barns stemmer om vold: Å tolke og forstå / [ed] Eriksson, M., Källström Cater, Å., Dahlkild-Öhman, G., Näsman, E., Oslo: Gyldendal Akademisk , 2010, 1, p. 149-167Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Dahlkild-Öhman, Gunilla
    Uppsala universitet.
    Risk och riskbedömningar i familjerättstvister2015In: Barns röster om våld: Att lyssna, tolka och förstå / [ed] Maria Eriksson, Åsa Källström Cater, Elisabet Näsman, Malmö: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 2, p. 125-144Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gottzén, Lucas
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Andersson Bruck, Kjerstin
    Örebro universitet, Sweden.
    Franzén, Anna
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Lindberg, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Utvärdering av Mentorer i våldsprevention: Slutrapport2018Report (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Hester, Marianne
    Violent Men as Good-Enough Fathers?: A Look at England and Sweden2001In: Violence against Women, ISSN 1077-8012, E-ISSN 1552-8448, Vol. 7, no 7, p. 779-798Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this article, the authors examine the contrary way that policy and practice have tended to operate in both Sweden and England, concerning violence against women on one hand and children on the other. The arrangements made for children's contact with parents after parents have separated or divorced are important with regard to the ongoing safety of women and children who have left violent men. However, fatherhood in the context of separation and divorce has tended to be construed as inherently nonviolent, with dangerous consequences for women, child safety, and children's welfare.

  • 44.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Klingstedt, Marie-Louise
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Effektiva insatser för unga kvinnor som utsatts för sexuellt våld?: Resultat från en pilotstudie2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sedan 2002 bedriver Järva Ungdomsmottagning en gruppverksamhet kallad ”NOOR-grupper”. Målgruppen är unga kvinnor 15-22 år som utsatts för sexuellt våld och kommit ur den akuta krisfasen. Insatsen pågår i cirka 13 veckor och sätter våldet och dess konsekvenser i fokus. Detta är en gruppintervention med både bearbetande och pedagogiska inslag. Den presenteras å ena sidan inte som en traumabearbetande insats och det finns inte heller något uttalat inklusionskriterium att gruppdeltagarna ska ha uppvisat någon form av symptom på posttraumatisk stress, samtidigt som arbetet å andra sidan är tydligt influerat av traumateori.

    Papret presenterar de första resultaten från en pilotstudie av insatsen. Studien bygger på strukturerade underlag om situation, våldsutsatthet, psykisk ohälsa generellt och traumasymptom specifikt före och efter grupp samt sex månader efter avslutad grupp, samt på brukarvärderingar och behandlarbedömningar av insatsen och intervjuer med deltagarna 6 månader efter att gruppen avslutades. I studien ingår deltagare från tre olika grupper under perioden 2013 - 2014, totalt 15 unga kvinnor. För att ge kunskap om vilka av mottagningens brukare som rekryteras till grupperna har också bakgrundsdata inhämtats om nybesök under perioden augusti – december 2013. Totalt har data om bakgrund och våldsutsatthet inhämtats för 69 unga kvinnor.

    I presentationen ligger fokus dels på vilka unga kvinnor som gått i NOOR-grupp, sett i förhållande till den bredare gruppen unga kvinnor som kommer till Järva Ungdomsmottagning, dels vilka tecken på psykisk ohälsa och traumasymptom gruppdeltagarna uppvisar och hur dessa tecken förändras över tid.

    Resultaten bekräftar att NOOR-gruppen når en specifik del av Ungdomsmottagningens våldsutsatta brukare. De våldsutsatta kvinnor som deltar i NOOR-grupp har i hög grad svensk bakgrund och relationerna till förövarna är blandade, med ungefär hälften bekanta, medan de våldsutsatta unga kvinnor som inte deltar i NOOR-grupp i högre grad har utländsk bakgrund och förövaren är ofta någon i familjen.

    När det gäller tecken på psykisk ohälsa och trauma visade de unga kvinnornas självskattningar före gruppstart höga nivåer av besvär. I jämförelse med ett svenskt representativt ungdomsmaterial bestående av 2,305 kvinnor i åldrarna 17-23 år och ett material med diagnostiserade patientgrupper med kvinnor i olika åldrar från olika enheter i Sverige låg undersökningsgruppen högre när det gäller generella besvär och antalet symtom, både jämfört med normeringsgruppen och den diagnostiserade gruppen, även om måttet som indikerar djupet av upplevda problem var lägre (NOOR-deltagarna har fler symptom generellt, men inte så allvarliga). Av 11 deltagare där det finns kompletta data om traumasymptom före gruppstart indikerade självskattningarna från 9 av dem att de sannolikt led av posttraumatisk stress och hade ett behandlingsbehov.

    Analysen av förändring över tid visar bland annat att det går att se en tydligare förbättring när det gäller psykisk ohälsa generellt, än traumasymtom specifikt. Implikationerna av dessa resultat för fortsatt utvecklingsarbete diskuteras i presentationen.

  • 45.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Klingstedt, Marie-Louise
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Järva ungdomsmottagnings NOOR-grupper: En pilotstudie av en gruppverksamhet för unga kvinnor som utsatts för våldtäkt2016Report (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Knezevic, Zlatana
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Röbäck de Souza, Karin
    Taking children exposed to intimate partner violence seriously?: Developments in BBIC from 2006 to 20152016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To improve child protection investigations the framework for assessment ”BBIC – Barns Behov I Centrum” [Children’s needs in the centre] was introduced in Sweden just after the new millennium, with the first full training resource published in 2006. There is a lack of research in Sweden about child protection work in cases of intimate partner violence generally and as regards BBIC specifically. However, a number of different sources indicate that there is a need for improvement of the BBIC system when it comes to this group of children at risk. For example, the national inspections of the local authorities’ work with abused women and children exposed to intimate partner violence carried out so far point to serious problems in child protection practice. Since BBIC was introduced the system has been amended and revised several times. A major revision was carried out in 2015. An important question is what these revisions may mean for the handling of cases of intimate partner violence. The aim of the paper is to map and assess how the issue of children’s exposure to violence has been addressed in the different versions of BBIC between 2006 and 2015. Surveying training resources and other documents from the last decade, we outline how there has been a gradual and partial inclusion of the issue of children’s exposure to violence over time, and discuss to what extent these amendments constitute a shift in perspective and emphasis major enough to be likely to impact positively on practice.

  • 47.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Källsatröm Cater, ÅsaÖrebro universitet, Sweden.Näsman, ElisabetUppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Barns röster om våld: Att lyssna, tolka och förstå2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 48.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Källström Cater, ÅsaÖrebro University, Örebro, Sweden.Dahlkild-Öhman, GunillaUppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.Näsman, ElisabetUppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Barns stemmer om vold: Å tolke og forstå2010Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Familjerättsutredares bemötanden av barn som upplevt våld och barnens strategier2009In: Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, ISSN 1104-1420, no 1, p. 20-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Since the early 1990s a chain of law reforms have intended to increase children’s participation in family law proceedings. Based upon a study of vulnerable children as social actors in family law proceedings this article explores family law investigators’ approaches to children, and children’s strategies in encounters with investigators as well as the investigation process at large. The discussion is based upon thematically structured interviews with children whose father has been violent to their mother. The different kinds of investigator approaches that can be reconstructed from the children’s narratives span from an emphatic and child-oriented approach to a distant, adult-oriented one disqualifying the child as participant in the process and as victim of violence. Children’s strategies span from accepting cooperation in the process, unwilling cooperation, open protest to attempts to achieve a higher degree of participation in the process. Most commonly, children have been approached as ‘protected child’ or as ‘disqualified adult’. The informants’ descriptions of themselves as unwilling, unavailable, or openly protesting, tend to coincide with the latter position: to get neither influence over the investigation process nor care and empathy seems to be the most problematic position from children’s point of view. As regards children’s experiences of violence these have rarely been a topic for dialogue between child and investigator. The children have mainly been approached as ‘protected victims’, ‘invisible victims’ or even ‘unprotected victims’ when the children’s own vicitimisation has become visible to investigators but the children are left without protection. Drawing upon this sample of informants, we suggest that the most challenging task for family law investigators seems to be to make children’s vulnerable position visible and at the same time offer them a high degree of participation: to approach them as victims and actors

  • 50.
    Eriksson, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Näsman, Elisabet
    Uppsala universitet, Sociologiska institutionen.
    Interviews with children exposed to violence2012In: Children & society, ISSN 0951-0605, E-ISSN 1099-0860, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 63-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to show how research practices may simultaneously follow principles of children’s citizenship rights to participation and principles of protection and support when children exposed to violence are informants. The article focuses upon organisation of interview processes and interactions between adult researchers and child informants in interview encounters. We point to a number of ways in which one may negotiate the tensions between, on the one hand, victimised children’s vulnerability and dependence upon adults for protection and support, and on the other these children’s agency and rights to participation.

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