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  • 1.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildiko
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Malardalen Univ, Sociol, Vasteras, Sweden.;Uppsala Ctr Russian & Eurasian Studies, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Self-Sacrificing Motherhood Reconciling Traumatic Life Experiences of Hungarian Collectivisation2016In: SOVIET PAST IN THE POST-SOCIALIST PRESENT: METHODOLOGY AND ETHICS IN RUSSIAN, BALTIC AND CENTRAL EUROPEAN ORAL HISTORY AND MEMORY STUDIES, TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD , 2016, Vol. 14, p. 179-198Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildiko
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bock, Bettina
    Dynamics of change and reconstitution in hegemonic and rural gender regimes2008In: Gender Regimes, Citizen participation and Rural restructuring, Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2008, p. 347-378Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 3.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildiko
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bock, BettinaUniversity of Wageningen.
    Gender regimes, citizen participation and rural restructuring2008Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    This book aims to unravel how rural gender regimes are constituted, enforced, made sense of and resisted, and ho struggles of resistance lead to empowerment and change in various countries in the four corners of Europe as well s Australia and India. The book focuses on the intricate relationship between laws and institutions and everyday life. It analyzes on the one hand how laws and institutions are constituted and on the other hand how gender regimes are built at the local rural level, sometimes in compliance with these frames and sometimes contesting them, The articles, in diverse ways, give voice both to women’s struggles for recognition and men’s voices in gendered rural societies. Through applying the concept of the welfare state and gender regimes within rural research, this book contributes to the further development of a comparative theoretical framework for rural gender studies. The importance of integrating rural gender studies into both the mainstreams of rural and feminist research has been emphasized in previous research, as has that of developing comparative analytical frameworks. The conceptual framework adopted in this volume wets out to meet this challenge by approaching rural gender relations and the meeting point of two core research areas: gender regimes and rural transformative processes. Research into gender regimes offers a promising analytical framework for comparing gender relations in diverse rural settings. At the same time, by addressing rural concerns deriving from the specificity of rural transition processes and gender regimes, the approach also contributes to an elucidation of the complexity of citizenship.

  • 4.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildiko
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bock, Bettina
    University of Wageningen, Holland.
    Rural gender regimes: The development of rural gender research and design of a comparative approach2008In: Gender Regimes, Citizen participation and Rural restructuring, Amsterdam: Elsevier , 2008, p. 3-32Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Can Renewable energy contribute to poverty reduction? A case study on Romafa, a Hungarian Leader2015In: Evaluating the European approach to rural development: Grass-roots experienceso f the LEADER Programme / [ed] Leo Granberg, Kjell andersson and Imre Kovách, Burlington: Ashgate, 2015, p. 183-206Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 6.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Carework in Hungarian entrepreneurial families during the post-socialist transition2008In: Rural development studies (detta är en bokserie), Vol. 13, p. 57-82Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    During the post-socialist transition the state socialist welfare institutions (Asztalos Morell, 1999) came under serious challenges. These were related to monetary pressures from international banking institutions (World Bank) and led to serious cutbacks in 1995 affecting even such key social citizenship rights as the three year paid childcare allowance introduced in 1967. The allowance was rooted in the Hungarian welfare regime system, which built on a compromise between state policies for women’s emancipation assuming an excessive state responsibility for reproduction (economic and institutional) and patriarchy, i.e. men’s freedom from performing key reproductive duties. This compromise led, beside others, to women’s increased economic role in the families and the stabilisation of the dual earner family model. Capitalist transition transformed not only the production base of the country but even the conditions for state policies. While both traditionalist, Christian as well as liberal political ideologies gained foothold in post-socialist Hungary, neither of these proved to be strong enough to deconstruct the key elements of the above compromise. Meanwhile, the fundamental transitions in the economy destabilised established patterns of wage earning. This however contributed to a continued importance of women’s income earner capacity and so the maintenance of the dual earner model. The paper is to investigate in the case of rural Hungarian entrepreneur families, which reproductive strategies evolved in the process of launching family enterprises. These families, typically in their reproductive life cycle (raising small and school children), face the demands for extensive capital accumulation, which is the precondition for the survival of the enterprise under the pressures from a globalised economic market. This demand strengthens the necessity for economic collaboration between family members and puts demands on women’s economic contribution. The paper analyses, on the basis of 30 interviews, the reproductive strategies of three types of family farms: farms with only self employed members who have only agricultural activities, those who have also none-agricultural activities and farm families with one wage earner. The paper analyses the way families combine the institutions of prevailing redistributive (state welfare) frameworks, family, reciprocal and market alternatives in their daily reproductive strategies and the ways these strategies follow a gendered pattern.

  • 7.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Collectivization and the transfer of soft capital in two life stories from Hungary2012In: Journal of Depopulation and Rural Development Studies, ISSN 1578-7168, E-ISSN 2340-4655, no 13, p. 125-153Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Through the analysis of two life stories of former peasants who had experienced collectivization in the early sixties in Hungary the paper sets focus on personal strategies of handling the trauma of societal transitions. Firstly, with help of social and cultural capital theories the importance of what Bourdieu named the transubstantiation of immaterial assets is explored in the process of adaptation from one system to the other. Secondly, the paper elucidates how these survival strategies constitute key elements of self-representations and which kind of meanings are attached to the collectivization experience in the personal life story. Following Gergen's distinction between the plot and the story, the paper elaborates narrative constructions of the representations of self. Emphasis is placed on how the representations allow the narrator to reinstate self-respect through positioning the self in the traumatic event of collectivization. Realistic and constructivist approaches are combined utilizing life story analysis. The two cases represent gender- and class-specific polarities characterizing diversities of the collectivization experience.

  • 8.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Contestations of the Swedish Deportation Regime: Civil Mobilisation for and with Afghan Youth2018In: Refugee Protection and Civil Society in Europe / [ed] Margit Feischmidt, Ludger Pries and Celine Cantat, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2018, p. 319-351Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden was the country within the EU that received the highest number of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) and youth in relation to the country’s population during 2015. Out of the 162,877 asylum-seekers arrived during 2015, half were children and half of the children (35,369) arrived unaccompanied. UASC possess special rights as children during the asylum process. Whereas their asylum grounds are assessed by the Migration Agency, the minors’ everyday whereabouts are under the responsibility of municipalities. Being a minor gives access to preferential treatment and rights compared to adult asylum seekers, both in terms of access to municipal services, such as healthcare, schools, housing, social support, and in terms of considerations of asylum grounds leading to residency in Sweden.

    However, from 2016, austerity measures were put in place that, combined with an intensified and long-running securitisation of migration management, had serious consequences for these children and youth. Among the most imperative developments, there has been an increased suspicion of UASC’s self-declared age in the asylum process, combined with a medicalisation of age determination. The “writing up” of minors’ age has increased, thereby commonly leading to the rejection of UASC’s asylum claims and a deportation order. Due to a long processing time at the Migration Agency and in the Swedish migration courts, many youths have also turned 18 during their wait for a final case decision.

    In reponse to these developments, protests have been organised and Sweden has seen a growing civil societal engagement on behalf of and together with UASC. This chapter explores civil societal engagement, both by and on behalf of unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC) of Afghan origin in Sweden. It focuses on the period starting after 2015, and proceeds through an analysis of the Facebook site: “Stoppa utvisningarna av afghanska ungdomar!” [Stop the deportation of Afghan youths!] [Stop deportations]. This site, initiated in the fall of 2016 quickly gathered 20,000 supporters, brought together youth from Afghanistan and Swedish civilians engaged in demanding better asylum procedures for asylum-seeking youth from Afghanistan. This paper will focus on the interconnections between civil society mobilisation and UASC mobilisation around the struggles concerning

    1 I am thankful to Anna Lundberg, whose comments and suggestions on relevant theoretical frameworks have greatly contributed to the improvement of this text. I am also thankful to the editors of this book who have contributed with insightful comments to develop this text. Ingrid Eckerman, the initiator of the facebook site “Stoppa utvisningar!” has commented on a version of this text and contributed with valuable additional aspects, which were incorporated into this version, for which I am thankful.

    1

    securitisation, anti-deportation and amnesty2. It will particularly examine how mobilisation based on different types of agencies were mediated through social media.

    To start with the paper sheds light on the emergence of social movements in Sweden. Secondly, it explores how the theoretical frameworks of “pragmatic voluntarism” and “subversive humanitarianism” contribute to problematise pro-refugee movements and how pro-refugee movements could be understood as struggles for reconfiguring hegemonic perceptions of refugees. Thirdly, it discusses the way how narrative analysis contributes to understand of these reconfigurative processes. Finally, following a brief reflection on the origins and activities of the site, the article explores the activities on this site as expressions of positions ranging from “pragmatic voluntarism” to “subversive humanitarianism”. It explores also the kind of alternative subjectivities they offer for UASC, and the kind of space they create between “exclusion” and “inclusion”. 

  • 9.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Den kvinnliga ingenjören: Frigjord kvinna eller partiretorikens disciplineringsmedium i personkultens Ungern2013In: Bilden av ingenjören / [ed] Yvonne Eriksson och Ildikó Asztalos Morell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2013, p. 130-171Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Handing down - Taking care: Generation transfer in Hungarian farm families in the context of transitions2013In: Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, ISSN 1216-9803, E-ISSN 1588-2586, Vol. 58, no 1, p. 57-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper intends to shed light on the shifting patterns of the intergenerational transfer of assets in family farms that experienced collectivization in Hungary. Although household-based production maintained its importance after collectivization, only some of the rural households could be considered as entrepreneurial and lead to extended reproduction. The traditional patterns of handing over the farm were abruptly halted, with the immaterial forms of transferring capital subsequently gaining in importance. In addition, considerations for securing care provided in old age became more clearly addressed, and were weighed against the previously dominant emphasis given on handing over the farm to the most suitable son.Through the analysis of the life stories of two families, the paper explores the emerging patterns of generation transfer along the following dimensions: 1) Has the relationship between caring for the elderly and handing over the family farm/enterprise changed? 2) Have different patterns of capital transfer emerged that are dependent on the ability of a family to initiate entrepreneurial household production during state socialism? 3) Since caring evoked the labour of women as either daughters or daughter-in-laws, can we detect shifts in the gender patterns of transfer and women's ability to convert their caring labour into material assets and status within the family?

  • 11.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    On the Roma precarious experience facing Pentecostalism2015In: The new social division:: Making and unmaking Precariousness / [ed] Donatella Della Porta, Sakari Hänninen, Martti Siisiäinen & Tiina Silvasti, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 139-158Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 12.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Poverty and Governance: Rural Municipal Strategies Facing Ethnic and Social Marginalisation and Long-Term Unemployment in Hungary2016In: The Uppsala Yearbook of Eurasian Studies / [ed] Kaj Hobér, London: Wildy, Simmonds & Hill Publishing , 2016, 1, p. 183-211Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is to scrutinise the way that public work [közfoglalkoztatás] is adapted and utilised, as a national tool for the reintegration of the long-term unemployed into the world of labour in Hungary in a rural municipality characterised by highly ethnified unemployment. Public work as a workfare strategy to counteract welfare dependency of long-term unemployed was first formulated in 1996. Municipalities became obliged to organise public work from 2000. Meanwhile, it became a central tool for counteracting unemployment from 2009 as part of the “Way to work” [Ùt a munkához] strategy of the Socialist-Liberal coalition. The conservative government renamed this strategy as START, reducing eligibilities attached to it several times between 2011 and 2015.[1] Public work as a strategy to overcome long-term unemployment was subjected to extensive and varied criticism[2] describing public work as a “cul de sac”, rather than leading out of exclusion from the labour market, and was accused of being non-voluntary and having punitive features.[3]Studies indicate that the rate of return to the labour market even decreased in villages utilising extensive public work programmes

  • 13.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Self-sacrificing motherhood: Rhetoric and agency in the era of collectivization in two parallel life-stories"2015In: The Soviet Past in the Post-Soviet Present / [ed] Ilic, Melanie and Leinard, D, London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015, p. 179-198Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    ‘Solidarity not alms’: Civil rights movements contesting the evictions and denial of social rights from vulnerable European Union citizens in Sweden2018In: Local Economy, ISSN 0269-0942, E-ISSN 1470-9325, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 147-171Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The chief aims of the Swedish municipality-based Facebook network SEM, ‘Solidarity with EU migrants’ [Solidaritet med EU migranter!] are to fight for better conditions and humane treatment of migrants primarily from Romania, who came to Sweden in hope of finding work and the ability to provide for their families. The site is to transmit relevant news, actions, organise money collections, political actions and alike. Those volunteers active in the group believe that ‘righteousness and solidarity’ should apply, even those who are in the grip of European Union bureaucracy.1 Using theories of civil movements in the IT age, I elaborate on how the activists on the site respond to the challenges of the criminalisation of vulnerable European Union citizens, by balancing their engagement between the dimensions of ‘pragmatic voluntarism’ versus ‘subversive humanitarianism’. Furthermore, I explore how the site counteracts hegemonic master narratives on Roma as both idle and victims, who need to be saved from begging, by providing alternative narratives of subjectivities and identities to the Roma men and women they work with and for, seeing them as agents struggling to improve the lives of their families.

  • 15.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Teknologi för utnyttjandet av förnyelsebara energikällor: Nyckeln till bekämpning av fattigdom?2013In: Bilden av ingenjören / [ed] Yvonne Eriksson och Ildikó Asztalos Morell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2013, p. 53-90Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    The agency of Roma women’s NGO in marginalised rural municipalities in Hungary2018In: Gendering Postsocialism: Old Legacies and New Hierarchies, Taylor and Francis , 2018, p. 121-137Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In the postsocialist period, Roma women have been recurrently politicised as undeserving mothers, giving birth to too many children and abusing the generous state-financed childcare support system (Durst, 2001; Asztalos Morell, 2017). Less common is to portray Roma women’s agency and resistance towards such allegations. One such example is the protest action by 369 Roma women from two villages who pressed charges against the mayor in one of the neighbouring villages for defamation. The mayor stated at a municipal meeting: In villages where the majority of inhabitants are Roma … women consume by intention such medicine, that leads to the birth of crazy [bolond] children, in order to get entitlement to double family benefits … I have checked, and it is true that a pregnant woman hit her stomach with a rubber hammer in order to give birth to handicapped child. (Origo, 2009) Similar conflicts indicate the sensitivity of local community cohesion and highlight the broken trust between municipal administrations and the local Roma communities. Such cleavages have intensified in the context of the crises of the postsocialist socio-economic transition that have left peripheral rural communities in a state of continuous decline. © 2018 selection and editorial matter, Yulia Gradskova and Ildikó Asztalos Morell; individual chapters, the contributors.

  • 17.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    The Rise of Agrarian Entrepreneurs in Hungary During the Period of Transition to Capitalism2005In: Gender Transitions in Russia and Eastern Europe, Eslöv: Gondolin , 2005, p. 233-256Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Swedish Univ Agr Sci, Dept Urban & Rural Dev, Umea, Sweden..
    The Role of Public Private Partnership in the Governance of Racialised Poverty in a Marginalised Rural Municipality in Hungary2019In: Sociologia Ruralis, ISSN 0038-0199, E-ISSN 1467-9523, Vol. 59, no 3, p. 494-516Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores the local governance of poverty alleviation in a marginalised Hungarian rural community, with over 50 per cent Roma inhabitants, most of whom were either unemployed or participated in public work projects. Kisbalog is among those marginalised rural communities which are characterised by increasing social polarisation and ethnic cleavages as a result of selective outmigration and a municipal leadership which negotiates access to public work along racialised notions of deservingness. Hungary follows the EU concept of public private partnerships for local governance. This article unravels the room for manoeuvre for NGOs working for poverty alleviation in the context of the racialised narratives of a paternalistic local welfare state. Utilising Young's notions of social justice it explores the complicit nature of recognitional, associative and distributional justice in order to understand the interplay in partnerships between public and private agencies. From among three types of strategies, coercive, isolated and deliberative, the last one has the potential to bring about transformative changes.

  • 19.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter för digitaliserat arbete och organisering – delstudie 6: Arbetsvillkor, kunskapsöverföring och innovation2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En av utgångspunkterna för denna studie är att teknik förändrar arbetets villkor, samtidigt som tekniken i sig är inte deterministisk. Sättet varpå teknik implementeras bygger på social organisering. Arbetets sociala villkor är drivande för utvecklingen av tekniken såväl som för hur tekniken utnyttjas. Denna studie undersökte olika samband mellan teknologisk utveckling och hur utnyttjandet och utvecklingen av teknik organiseras inom ett metall­industriföretag. För det första undersöktes styrning, handlingsutrymme, innovation och kunskapsöverföring (delstudie 6 inom DAO-projektet). Vidare undersöktes även förändrade kunskapskrav, flexibilitet, kompetensförsörjning och mångfald (delstudie 7 inom DAO projektet). Digitalisering av styrning (IT) och auto­matisering av maskiner (OT) är två aspekter av teknologiska förändringar som driver utvecklingen framåt. Genom att särskilja fem olika sätt för hur dessa förändringar kan sammankopplas har jag kunnat särskilja hur arbetets villkor har förändrats.

    • När det gäller traditionell teknologi, alltså utan IT och OT, besitter operatörerna unika kunskaper som är svåra att standardisera. Utvecklingen av OT sker genom att dessa kunskaper överförs till standardiserade enheter. Operatörernas roll omvandlas till övervakning av maskiner som körs av OT-system.
    • Då IT-styrning kopplas till produktionen påläggs ansvar på operatörerna att följa dessa IT-system och därigenom anpassa den egna produktionens styrning. Man hämtar order från IT-system och återkopplar till systemet när man har arbetat färdigt en order. IT-systemet dokumenterar tidsåtgången och samlar information om produktionen från det som operatörerna förväntas mata in.
    • Då IT kopplas till OT förväntas det att misstag som uppstår p.g.a. den ”mänskliga faktorn” fasas ut. Operatörernas roll förvandlas återigen; de övervakar då både OT-opererade maskiner och IT-system som styr produktionen. Samtidigt förväntas operatörer kunna förstå hur deras fysiska maskiner fungerar för rutinmässigt underhåll och körning då IT ”krånglar”. Därmed blir operatörernas roll mindre fysiskt belastande, men också mer komplex som följd av över­vakningen av maskiner.
    • Då komplexa produktionsprocesser byggs ihop blir operatörers arbete mer direkt kopplat till andra operatörers arbeten. Teamsamverkan och stöd från med­arbetarna ökar i betydelse.
  • 20.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter för digitaliserat arbete och organisering – delstudie 7: Digitalisering och förändrade kunskapskrav, flexibilitet, kompetensförsörjning och mångfald2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    En av utgångspunkterna för denna studie var att teknik förändrar arbetets villkor, samtidigt som teknik i sig är inte deterministisk. Sättet teknik implementeras bygger på social organisering. Arbetets sociala villkor är drivande för utveckling av tekniken likväl för hur tekniken utnyttjas. Denna studie undersökte olika samband mellan teknologiska utveckling och hur utnyttjandet och utvecklingen av teknik organiseras inom ett metallindustriföretag. För de ena undersöktes styrning, handlingsutrymme, innovation och kunskapsöverföring (del 1) för de andra undersöktes förändrad kunskapskrav, flexibilitet, kompetensförsörjning och mångfald (del 2). Digitalisering av styrningen (IT) och automatisering av maskiner (OT) är två aspekter av teknologiska förändringar som driver utvecklingen framåt.

     

    Kompetens och kunskapskraven för operatörerna har förändrats med digitalisering och automatisering. Paradoxalt arbetsuppgifter både utarmas (tyst kunskap av operatörer standardiseras och utförs av OT styrd teknologi) och blir komplexare (man inte bara övervakar maskiner och IT som styr dem, men behöver även kunna ingripa fysiskt i vissa arbetsmoment eller i fall av ”strul”). Då teknologin är sammanbyggd i löpande band krävs större ansvar för teamet. Är det strul på ett ställe i produktionskedjan, påverkas alla andra.

     

    Operatörsyrken inom metallindustrin ansågs vara typiskt ”manliga” yrken, något som man associerar med tunga lyft och hårda arbetsvillkor. Manlighetsidealen är också kopplade till kontroll över teknik, i motsatts till kvinnlighetsidealen, som är kopplad till omsorg, något som återspeglas i typiska kvinnliga yrken inom omsorg och administration.  Det finns föreställningar digitalisering och automatisering förändrar arbetets innehåll och genom det öppnar för ny organisering av arbete bortom denna könsstereotypiska uppdelning. Vi kan konstatera att digitalisering och automatisering har gjort traditionellt fysisk arbete, så som operatörsyrken inom metallindustri mindre fysiskt krävande. Krav på IT kunnande har ökat, något som tidigare har varit associerad med kvinnliga yrken. Samtidigt digitaliseringen har det lett till att traditionellt kvinnliga yrken, som har använt digital teknologi i uppföljningen av produktionen, har rationaliserats bort. Den nya teknologin har potential att öppna upp för nya sociala mönster, där genusstereotypa åtskillnader kunde lösas upp. Trotts denna öppning verkar att könstereotypa tankesätt finns kvar och könssammansättningen av operatörsyrken domineras fortfarande av män. Studien undersöker bland annat, hur sociala föreställningar om mångfald men även förändrad konkurrens and rekryteringsstrategier bidrar till att förändringsprocessen går sakta, trotts företagets uttalade policy för diversifiering.

     

    Företagets kompetensförsörjningsstrategi förändrades i följd av den ekonomiska krisen och i relation till förändrade efterfrågan på och sammansättningen av arbetskraften. Ökad intern och extern flexibilisering har varit en respons som tillämpas i flera sammanhang.

     

    För det ena, företaget övergick från högkonjunkturens ”öppna porten till samhället” modell där Arbetsförmedlingen och Konvux var viktiga partners för att rekrytera och utbilda efterfrågad arbetskraft till en ny modell i rekrytering. Som följd av ekonomiska krisen rekryteras i nuläget nya operatörer huvudsakligen genom bemanningsföretag. Rekryteringen sker till instegsjobb att täcka tillfälliga fluktuationer p.g.a. sjukdom.

     

    För det andra tillämpas flexibilisering internt. Operatörerna bör lära sig flertal moment i sitt flöde som möjliggör interna omplaceringar. Sådan flexibilitet är även en respons till förändringar i teknologin. Digitaliserad och automatiserad teknologi verkar vara mer känslig till produktionsstopp p.g.a. teknologiskt problem som kan ursaka oplanerade 

  • 21.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Voicing Roma Women: Intersectional Marginalities and Social Entrepreneurship of a Roma Women's NGO in Hungary2015In: Institutionalizing Gender Equality: Historical and global Perspectives / [ed] Yulia Gradskova and Sara Sanders, London: Lexington Books, 2015, p. 149-173Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Workfare with a human face?: Innovative utiliziation of public work in rural municipalities in Hungary2014In: Metszetek, ISSN 2063-6415, Vol. 3, no 4Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Södertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Carlbäck, HeleneSödertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.Hurd, MadeleineSödertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.Rastbäck, Sara
    Gender Transitions: In Russia and Eastern Europe2005Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Mälardalen University.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    The securitization of asylum seeking in Sweden after 2015 in light of experiences of asylum-seeking girls with roots in Afghanistan2018In: The migration crises? Criminalization, security and survival. / [ed] Dina Siegel, Veronika Nagy, Uppsala: The HAgue:Eleven , 2018, p. 363-388Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter aims to shed light from a gender perspective on the issue of security for asylum seeking adolescent girls in context of increased securitisation of the asylum-seeking process following the migration vogue of 2015. Half of those 163,000 asylum-seeking people who arrived to Sweden in 2015 were children, and half of them were unaccompanied asylum-seeking children (UASC), a majority being boys from Afghanistan. As a response Sweden has reversed its open asylum regime to the minimum EU standard in 2016, including restrictive attitude towards granting residency for UASC. This article explores how the securitization radically changed the preconditions for the establishment of asylum-seeking adolescent girls. Beyond the review of previous research and new data sources it also explores the issue through the analyses of the life stories of two girls of Afghan origin. One of them arrived with her parents through family affiliation with her brother who had previously received asylum as an UASC. The other girl arrived as an UASC in 2015. The narrative analysis provides a voice to two girls and their experiences, and is to complement the research on post 2015 securitisation with focus on gender based vulnerabilities of adolescent girls.

     

  • 25.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Inledning2013In: Bilden av ingenjören / [ed] Yvonne Eriksson and Ildikó Asztalos Morell, Stockholm: Carlsson Bokförlag, 2013, p. 7-13Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gradskova, Y.
    Södertörn University, Sweden.
    The gendered subject of postsocialism: State-socialist legacies, global challenges and (re)building of tradition2018In: Gendering Postsocialism: Old Legacies and New Hierarchies, Taylor and Francis , 2018, p. 1-17Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    When the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989 and when, two years later, the Soviet Union crumbled and was divided into 15 independent states, the huge space formerly called the Communist Bloc or the countries of state socialism seemed to disappear forever, and an unprecedented process of change began. This process was just as unique from a historical perspective as the earlier attempts to build communism and/or state socialism. The changes had different speeds and directions, and while some states embraced the process of democratisation in order to “return to Europe”, others were experimenting with the ideals of a strong authoritarian state, religion, and a “return to tradition” to build a new society.

  • 27.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gradskova, Yulia
    Gendering Postsocialism: Old Legacies New Hierarchies2018Book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    When the Berlin Wall fell in November 1989 and when, two years later, the Soviet Union crumbled and was divided into 15 independent states, the huge space formerly called the Communist Bloc or the countries of state socialism seemed to disappear forever, and an unprecedented process of change began. This process was just as unique from a historical perspective as the earlier attempts to build communism and/or state socialism. The changes had different speeds and directions, and while some states embraced the process of democratisation in order to “return to Europe”, others were experimenting with the ideals of a strong authoritarian state, religion, and a “return to tradition” to build a new society.

     

    Now, however, nearly 30 years later, the different countries of this huge geographical space often continue to be addressed according to their common past, or as countries still in a state of transition or transformation from their previous condition – as postsocialist. In some cases the communist past seems to have been totally overcome, and these countries are recognized as European and democratic states with well-functioning market economies (as in the case of many countries that have joined the European Union). However, their position in the formerly socialist space can suddenly be remembered in exceptional circumstances, like during the refugee crisis of 2015 (Dalakoglou, 2016). In other cases, the changes do not seem to be thorough due to the emergence of authoritarian regimes and corruption. Thus, the states that have experienced slower changes are more frequently referred to through their past as “formerly” or “post” socialist.

     

    In deference to these temporal interpretations, following Madina Tlostanova, we approach postsocialism not only in temporal terms, but also in spatial terms – as a space populated by millions of people whose experience is “underconceptualized” in the analysis of globalisation (Tlostanova, 2017, pp. 1-3). In choosing to analyse postsocialism as a “critical standpoint” in order to avoid the essencialisation of the region (Stella, 2015, p.133), we consider it important to explore gendered changes focusing on institutions, discourses, memories, identities, and fantasies that in one way or another connect to this postsocialist condition.

     

     Although taking place in varied shapes and degrees, the dismantlement of state socialism and the emergence of “capitalism” in the former state socialist countries led to radical shifts in their economies as well as in the welfare state’s involvement in social citizenship. Gender relations were a key arena for the moulding of state-socialist citizenship where institutions, guarding women’s reproductive rights as well as their work opportunities, were raised to create the ideal socialist citizen. Gender norms and gender relations have also been a prime field for forming the postsocialist citizen. While we assume that the bondage between economic regimes and gender norms is not deterministic (Asztalos Morell, 1999), the contributions to this book further explore the connectivity between gender and economy without assuming reductionist causality or restricting the sphere of gender norms to the sphere of economic importance.

     

    Thus, the main aim of this book is to explore changing gendered norms and expectations in relation to the postsocialist transformation in Eastern Europe and Eurasia. We explore how the gendered legacies of state socialism are entangled with the geopolitical re-orientation of the region and the simultaneity of socio-economic, political, and cultural changes in this geographical space. How are gender expectations shaped in the conflict between impulses towards more gender equality versus the re-naturalisation/re-traditionalisation of gender norms, and how are the new gender norms entangled with the neoliberal economic demands, precarities, “multifaceted injustice” (Suchland, 2015, p. 188), new forms of socio-economic differentiation, and insecurities?How can the analysis of gender norms and expectations in the space of former state socialism contribute to a study of global developments in gender relationships?

     

  • 28.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Greenfields, Margaret
    Buckinghamshire New Univ, High Wycombe, Bucks, England..
    Smith, David M.
    Anglia Ruskin Univ, Cambridge, England..
    Governing underprivileged Roma migrations within the EU: Receiving country responses and Roma resilience2018In: Local Economy, ISSN 0269-0942, E-ISSN 1470-9325, Vol. 33, no 2, p. 123-126Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mahmoodian, Mohammadrafi
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Projektet samarbete med Västerås stad och Eskilstuna kommunen om ensamkommande barn2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med projektet var att genom ett antal möten med fokusgrupper sammansatta av medarbetare i välfärdstjänster i Eskilstuna kommun och Västerås stad förankra vår forskningsidé om samverkanproblematiken kring mottagandet av ensamkommande barn. Genom den direkta kontakten med medarbetarna ville projektgruppen säkra de centrala forskningsfrågornas praktiska relevans. Därtill ville projektgruppen i samverkan med olika aktörer (t.ex. kommun, socialtjänst, landstinget, skola, civilsamhälle) identifiera goda exempel och utmaningar i mottagandet av ensamkommande barn och deras hälsa, välfärd och integrationsprocess. Resultaten tyder på att kommunerna, trots den särskilt stora belastningen som migrationsvågen år 2015 innebar, hade förmåga att anpassa sig och hantera mottagande av de ensamkommande barnen. Vid sidan av kommunernas ansträngningar visar studien att även följande faktorer hade betydelse för barnens förmåga att hantera vardagens svårigheter: 1) barnens egna resurser i form av motivation och vilja till integration exempelvis genom skolintegration, 2) nätverkets runt barnen och 3) civilsamhället. I materialet framkommer även ett antal utmaningar för det kommunala arbetet: svårigheter med att tillgodose behovet av emotionella stöd och att skapa tillit hos barnen, brist på resurser och god kommunikation mellan olika organisationer, barnens oro för avvisning och vissa otydligheter kring ansvarsfördelning mellan olika myndigheter. En avslutande rapport som återspeglar resultaten av projektet kommer att publiceras elektroniskt. Trots att projektet officiellt avslutats pågår en diskussion om ett fortsatt samarbete kring forskningsplan och forskningscirkel med fokus på bemötande, omhändertagande, uppföljning och etablering av ensamkommande barn. Ett konkret förslag som planeras är att projektgruppen ska medverka i arbetet med en enkätundersökning och uppföljning i Västerås stad om barnens upplevelse av kommunens mottagande. För att kunna genomföra allt detta avser projektgruppen att dels söka medel från HVV:s för samproduktion och dels söka medel från Forte för att fortsätta forskning, forskningscirklar och samproduktion kring kommuner och landstingen mottagande av ensamkommande barn.

  • 30.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Mahmoodian, Mohammadrafi
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Ensamkommande ungdomars röster om mottagande, inkludering och jämställdhetsutveckling2019In: Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter / [ed] Mehrdad Darvishpour; Niclas Månsson, Liber, 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Mahmoodian, Mohammadrafi
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation. Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Sammanfattning av arbetsrapport om  nyanlända barns och ungdomars inkludering  och jämställdhetsutveckling2018Report (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Samverkan och utmaningar – mottagande av ensamkommande ungdomar2019In: Ensamkommandes upplevelser & professionellas erfarenheter / [ed] Mehrad Darvishpour; Niclas Månsson, Liber, 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildiko
    Teknik och genus i bilder som vänder sig till barn2013In: Bilden av ingenjören, Stockholm, Sweden: Carlsson Bokförlag , 2013, p. 213-265Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Eriksson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Asztalos Morell, IldikóMälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Bilden av ingenjören2013Collection (editor) (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Barn och ungdommar använder allt mer teknik i allt lägre åldrar. Ändå minskar paradoxalt nog deras intresse för ingenjörsyrken och teknikutbildningar. Författarna fokuserar på olika aspekter av yrket. Här diskuteras bland annat modeindustrin och förnyelsebara energikällor, ingenjörsrollen betydlese för kvinnor i såväl före detta kommuniststater som i en mansdominerad modern industri. Man tar också upp ingenjörens framtid, barns syn på teknik och hur ingenjörsyrket framställs i barnböcker.

  • 35.
    Lahdenperä, Pirjo
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Darvishpour, Mehrdad
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Jakobsson, Mats
    Messing, Torbjörn
    Mälardalen University.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Obondo, Margaret
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Sandström, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Tryggvason, Marja-Terttu
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Forskningscirkel - arena för verksamhetsutveckling i mångfald2011Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningscirkel  arena för verksamhetsutveckling i mångfald är en slutrapport av forskningscirkelarbetet inom projektet JämBredd, 2009-2011. I antologin presenteras projektet teoretiska referensram med mångfald, intersektionalitet och interkulturalitet samt erfarenheter av forskningscirkelarbetet i skola, förskola, omsorg, service och arbetslivet. Tio olika forskare från Mälardalens högskola har lett varsin forskningscirkel och skrivit om sina erfarenheter i olika kapitel. Antologin ger en bred bild av interkulturell verksamhetsnära forskning.

  • 36.
    Morell, Ildiko Asztalos
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gender Equality: An intersectional analysis with focus on Roma women in Hungarian NGOs2015In: Baltic Worlds, ISSN 2000-2955, Vol. 8, no 304, p. 34-46Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    http://balticworlds.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Ildiko-Asztalos-morell.pdf

    I will focus on the ways that agents of NGOs engaged with Roma and/or women’s recognition struggles can be classified, and how these constructions make sense of the conditions forming the lives of Roma women and furthermore how Roma women’s interests are positioned. Detacting the intersecting aspects of ethnic-, gender-, and class-based relations that constitute Roma women’s position, I seek to identify which segments of the complex of relations different NGOs articulate as central. I aim to explore whether Roma women’s NGOs can be seen as more reflexive of the intersectional complexity of Roma women’s relations compared to Roma and women’s organizations.

  • 37.
    Morell, Ildikó Asztalos
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    I do not understand how I became a farmer: The small-peasant path to family farm enterprise in post-socialist rural Hungary2014In: Development Studies Research, ISSN 2166-5095, Vol. 1, no 1, p. 88-99Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Family farm enterprises emerged in the transition to capitalism following the reprivatization and decollectivization of agriculture in Hungary. This paper explores the generative processes of capital accumulation. It focuses on the intergenerational transfer as well as the life time generation of material and immaterial resources that were mobilized for the creation of the family farm enterprise. The life stories of six family members belonging to three generations of a successful enterprise of low peasant origin were selected from fieldwork conducted between 2000 and 2007 exploring the specificities of the genesis of farms with small peasant roots. Immaterial capital assets were the most important for the expanded reproduction of the farm, while reprivatized land had mostly symbolic importance. The farm relied on traditional peasant cultural heritage, such as striving for autonomy, self-sacrificing work mentality and traditional forms of bonding social capital, in the form of kin and local community reciprocal work relations. Meanwhile, the farm needed nontraditional cultural capital, such as entrepreneurial mentality and bridging social capital to find suitable markets for the products. These later emerged through education, by learning from experience, establishing trust relationships and with the help of mentors.

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