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  • 1.
    Fabian, Helena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Rådestad, Ingela
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Rodriguez, Alina
    Waldenström, Ulla
    Women with non-Swedish speaking background and their children: a longitudinal study of uptake of care and maternal and child health.2008In: Acta Paediatrica, ISSN 0803-5253, E-ISSN 1651-2227, Vol. 97, no 12, p. 1721-1728Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: To study uptake of care at the antenatal and child health clinic (CHC), and maternal and child health up to 5 years after the birth, as reported by mothers with a non-Swedish speaking background (NSB). METHODS: A sample of 300 women with a NSB, 175 originated from a poor country and 125 originated from a rich country, were compared with a reference group of 2761 women with a Swedish speaking background. Four postal questionnaires were completed: during pregnancy, and 2 months, 1 year and 5 years after the birth. RESULTS: Mothers with a NSB from a poor country of origin did not differ from the reference group of mothers with a Swedish speaking background regarding number of clinic visits, but they had a lower attendance rate at antenatal and postnatal education classes. Depressive symptoms, parental stress and poor self-rated health were more common in these women, and they reported more psychological and behavioral problems in their 5-year olds. Women with a rich country origin did not differ from the reference group regarding maternal and child health, but had a lower uptake of all out-patient care, except parental classes after the birth. CONCLUSION: Women originating from a poor country seem to be under great stress during pregnancy and the child's first years.

  • 2.
    Rodriguez-Caballero, Alina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ramond, J. -B
    Univ Western Cape, Inst Microbial Biotechnol & Metagen, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa.
    Welz, P. J.
    Cape Peninsula Univ Technol, Biocatalysis & Tech Biol Res Grp, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa.
    Cowan, D. A.
    Univ Western Cape, Inst Microbial Biotechnol & Metagen, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa.
    Odlare, Monica
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Burton, S. G.
    Cape Peninsula Univ Technol, Biocatalysis & Tech Biol Res Grp, ZA-7535 Bellville, South Africa.
    Treatment of high ethanol concentration wastewater by biological sand filters: Enhanced COD removal and bacterial community dynamics2012In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, E-ISSN 1095-8630, Vol. 109, p. 54-60Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Winery wastewater is characterized by its high chemical oxygen demand (COD), seasonal occurrence and variable composition, including periodic high ethanol concentrations. In addition, winery wastewater may contain insufficient inorganic nutrients for optimal biodegradation of organic constituents. Two pilot-scale biological sand filters (BSFs) were used to treat artificial wastewater: the first was amended with ethanol and the second with ethanol, inorganic nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P). A number of biochemical parameters involved in the removal of pollutants through BSF systems were monitored, including effluent chemistry and bacterial community structures. The nutrient supplemented BSF showed efficient COD, N and P removal. Comparison of the COD removal efficiencies of the two BSFs showed that N and P addition enhanced COD removal efficiency by up to 16%. Molecular fingerprinting of BSF sediment samples using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) showed that amendment with high concentrations of ethanol destabilized the microbial community structure, but that nutrient supplementation countered this effect.

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