https://www.mdu.se/

mdu.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 467
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aaby, Anders
    et al.
    Specialized Hosp Polio & Accid Victims, Roedovre, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, InCoRE, Odense, Denmark..
    Ravn, Sophie L.
    Specialized Hosp Polio & Accid Victims, Roedovre, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, InCoRE, Odense, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, ThRIVE, Odense, Denmark..
    Elfström, Magnus L.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Kasch, Helge
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Clin Med, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Andersen, Tonny E.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, InCoRE, Odense, Denmark..
    Does the Danish version of the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire measure what we think it measures?: A triangulated mixed-methods validation approach2022In: Spinal Cord, ISSN 1362-4393, E-ISSN 1476-5624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study design: Triangulated mixed-methods validation study.

    Objectives: To validate the Danish version of the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire (SCL-CSQ).

    Setting: Community in Denmark.

    Methods: Participants were invited via a patient organization and its specialized hospital. Eligibility criteria were having a spinal cord injury (SCI), being 18 years or older, and able to understand and respond in Danish. Quantitative data were collected to determine internal consistency and criterion validity of the three subscales of SCL-CSQ, i.e., acceptance, fighting spirit, and social reliance. The Three-Step Test-Interview approach was employed to determine whether items measured what they were intended to measure (i.e., construct validity based on response processes).

    Results: The quantitative sample consisted of 107 participants, and the interview sample comprised 11 participants. The acceptance and fighting spirit subscales showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.72 and 0.76 respectively) and satisfactory criterion validity (expected correlations with quality of life and depression). The social reliance subscale showed inadequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.58) and criterion validity. All fighting spirit items and all but one acceptance items were interpreted congruently by most participants. Conversely, two social reliance items were only interpreted congruently by 9 and 27%.

    Conclusion: The acceptance and fighting spirit subscales of the Danish version of the SCL-CSQ showed good psychometric properties, while the social reliance subscale showed serious issues and should be revised. Researchers and clinicians are urged to reflect on these findings when revising the SCL-CSQ or adapting it to other languages, cultural contexts, and rehabilitation settings.

  • 2.
    Abdulwasai, Kalid
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Det blir bara värre och värre..: En kvalitativ studie om kriminalvårdarnas arbetsmiljö inne på anstalten2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A work can be a risk or a protection factor and the demands it puts on the employee can have different consequences. Work environment includes both physical and psychosocial work environment, the physical part is about noise, ventilation and light. The psychosocial work environment is about social support, influence and demands. Work environment is an important pillar in public health because people spend a lot of time in their work. The purpose of this study is to describe the prison guards experience their work environment. The Demand-Control-Support-model have been used in this study as theoretical perspective.

    To get the purpose answered, a qualitative method was done with a goal-directed selection where five prison guards were interviewed individually. All the interviews were semi-structured and recorded then transcribed, and afterwards analysed. The interview person who was interviewed are working in the same prison and have worked there for different amount of time.

    The results showed that the interview persons felt that the management put a high pressure even if they are short of staff and nothing has changed even if the staff remarks it. The psychosocial work environment for the interview persons was that the work is psychologically stressful because of the high demands from the management and even the daily threat from the inmates. But the interview persons felt that collaboration among the colleagues is so good that the job satisfaction increase.

    Keywords: Demand-Control-Support model, Prison guard, Qualitative method, Work environment.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 3.
    Abed, Hadir Carmen
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mångfald som risk och möjlighet: En kvalitativ studie om hur rekryterare i Sverige ser på mångfald.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every individual ‍in Sweden should have the same right to work in everyday life, and that includes all individuals no matter what gender, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, disability, education, or social class the individual has. These aspects should not be convincing to then be excluded from working. Working is considered part of a human right and individuals who are outside the labor market should be included regardless of the aspect they receive that is considered prejudice in society. Recruiters are considered to have a big role of hiring people of various qualities which in turn promotes diversity in companies, hereafter recruiters were selected to be a focus area in the present study. The aim of the present study is to increase the understanding of how different recruiters in Sweden work to promote diversity when recruiting for companies. A qualitative method applying semi-structured interviews was used. Ten interviews were conducted, and the respondents worked as recruiters in different industries, with different years of experience and education. The collected material has been analysed through a manifest content analysis. The result shows that recruiters follow their gut feeling about the candidate, but mostly based on the qualities that the candidate possesses that are also in demand from the position applied for; however, it is not excluded that discrimination may occur during recruitment. The thesis concludes that society makes demands on how companies should adapt when it comes to underrepresented groups in society and recruiters want to meet the needs that exist with the right tools. Several of them recognize that discrimination exists in their respective fields of work: they suggest that hiring people of ethnic minorities is sometimes regarded as a risk taking, and they describe a prevalence of a fear of conflicts based on cultural differences. The interviewees underline that diversity work should continue to be an active topic in working life. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 4.
    Ahlqvist, Robyn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lanbro, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Att få stöd att växa: Unga vuxna patienters erfarenhet av delaktighet inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Participation in healthcare is important, it’s written in laws. Previous research indicates that healthcare professionals and patients do not have the same view of the concept of participation. Highlighting the patient’s lived experiences of participation in child and adolescent psychiatry makes it visible what participation means for the patient. It can help to increase the knowledge of healthcare professionals and improve the care for patients. Aim: The purpose of the study is to describe what young adults experienced as participation during the period they themselves have been patients in child and adolescent psychiatry. Method: A qualitative design with inductive approach. Appropriate selection with 8 participants in the ages 18-20. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The result is written in four categories: to be confirmed, to get space, to understand oneself, to understand the context, these categories also received subcategories. The categories and subcategories formed a theme: to get support to grow. Conclusion: The concept of participation has many meanings. Being confirmed in the situation you are in and feeling confident becomes important in the relationship with the healthcare professional. A secure relationship promotes the patient’s participation in healthcare.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 5.
    Ahlstedt, Carina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Dept of Public health & Caring Sciences, Sweden.
    Eriksson Lindvall, Carin
    Uppsala University, Dept of Business Studies, Sweden.
    Holmström, Inger
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Dept of Public health & Caring Sciences, Sweden.
    Muntlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Dept of Public Health & Caring Sciences, and Dept of Medical Sciences, Sweden.
    Flourishing at work: Nurses' motivation through daily communication - an ethnographic approach2020In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 1169-1176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shortage and turnover of registered nurses are worldwide challenges, and work motivation is one factor in retaining staff in the healthcare sector. The aim of this study was to explore registered nurses' motivation expressed in daily communication, using the basic needs in self‐determination theory as a framework. A secondary analysis of ethnographic data, collected through participant observations, informal interviews during observations, and individual interviews, was used. A total sample of all registered nurses employed at a hospital unit in Sweden (n = 10) participated. The data were analyzed thematically through the lens of the basic needs in self‐determination theory: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Self‐regulation of learning, the possibilities to discuss work‐related challenges with colleagues, and having registered nurses lead dialogues with physicians were factors connected to autonomy. Having a registered nurse and physician solve problems together was a factor connected to competence. A sense of belonging and security in a permissive climate between registered nurses was connected to relatedness. This paper has implications for increased awareness of the three basic motivational needs, which could be used in the development of attractive workplaces.

  • 6.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Zandi, Saeid
    Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
    Meaning-Making Coping With COVID-19 in Academic Settings: The Case of Sweden2022In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 770-794Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we map and describe the coping methods used by members of the university community in Sweden to deal with the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic. This study, which used simple random sampling, was quantitative. It employed a modified version of the RCOPE instrument as well as items from earlier studies of meaning-making coping in Sweden. Among participants (n = 277, 64% women), the most frequently used coping method was nature as a resource in dealing with stress and sadness, followed by listening to the sounds of surrounding nature and thinking of life as part of a greater whole; these coping methods were the most common in all subgroups studied. We used a cultural perspective to better understand the application of certain meaning-making coping methods.

  • 7. Akenine, Daniel
    et al.
    Stier, JonasMälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Människor och AI - fem år senare : en bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 8. Akenine, Daniel
    et al.
    Stier, JonasMälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Människor och AI: fem år senare - en bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva2023Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 9.
    Akenine, U.
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kivipelto, M.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fallahpour, M.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Experiences of Participation in a Multimodal Preventive Trial MIND-AD(MINI) Among Persons with Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease: A Qualitative Study: A Qualitative Study2022In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 15, p. 219-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the world's leading public health challenges. One-third of AD cases are attributable to modifiable vascular and lifestyle related risk factors. The Multimodal Preventive Trial for Alzheimer's Disease, MINDADMINI a 6-month multinational parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT), targeted persons with prodromal AD and built on the positive outcomes from the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) trial. The intervention consisted of four main components of (i) physical exercise training program, (ii) nutrition guidance, (iii) cognitive training, and (iv) social stimulation, as well as (iv) monitoring of metabolic/vascular risk factors.

    Aim: The study aimed to explore and describe the experiences of participation in MINDADMINI among persons with prodromal AD.

    Methods: This qualitative study was part of the larger MIND-ADMINI project. Eight participants were interviewed twice, before and after the intervention. The data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The results are presented as categories of (i) knowledge of AD and prevention, (ii) motives for study participation, (iii) experiences of the received information about the study, (iv) taking the decision to participate, (v) expectations on study participation, (vi) experiences of study participation and (vii) internal and external factors influencing study participation.

    Conclusion: The MIND-ADMINI was well-tolerated by the participants. At the beginning of the study, the number of tasks and visits was perceived as burdensome but was later well tolerated. The participant' knowledge about AD and prevention increased during the trial. Their motives for participating in MIND-ADMINI were described as both altruistic and self beneficial. Health benefits from the study components, access to specialized medical care were identified as benefits. Managing the intensive flow of information was described a major challenge. The participants' needs for personalized support during the trial stress the importance of applying a person-centered approach providing the preventive trials.

  • 10.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lassinantti, Kitty
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tensions and change in liminal spaces – Young people in Swedish out-of-home care2024In: Children and youth services review, ISSN 0190-7409, E-ISSN 1873-7765, Vol. 157, article id 107395Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this paper is to further the understanding of young people's experiences of out-of-home care (OHC). The focus will be on the tension between negative and positive experiences of OHC, refracted through the concept of liminality. The study is based on semi-structured interviews with 10 young people aged 15–22 (7 women, 3 men) with long-term contact with social services and psychiatric care. OHC can be experienced as a liminal space in both a negative and a positive sense. It is negative when perceived as containment rather than meaningful treatment. It can also be a negative experience when connected to fear, a lack of influence, and uncertainty in terms of being in between the social services and psychiatric care. It is positive when it is perceived as a turning point that enables positive change. It is then connected to feelings of meaningfulness, being respected, hope, and empowerment. The young people participating in the study also connect their experiences of OHC to a context of greater austerity in the welfare state. They reflect upon the benfits of OHC in terms of costs for society, but also the costs for the young person if the OHC is not perceived as meaningful support leading towards positive change. The participants have complex, interrelated needs and problems, and they also experience institutional gaps between psychiatric care and social services. It is important to overcome these gaps, so that young people are not located in ‘in-between spaces’ in terms of service provision. 

  • 11.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. CHILD Research Group, School of Learning and Communication, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sjöman, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Golsäter, Marie
    Jönköping University, Sweden; Futurum Region Jönköping County, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, Sweden; Department of Special Education, Oslo University, Oslo, Norway.
    Special Support for Behavior Difficulties and Engagement in Swedish Preschools2018In: Frontiers in Education, E-ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 3, article id 35Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish preschool curriculum stipulates that all children independent of support needs should attend mainstream preschool groups, with equal opportunities for learning and engagement. Preschool teachers are responsible for paying attention to children in need of special support to achieve this. How support is provided for children in need of special support due to behavior difficulties in Swedish preschools varies, however. Some children, often formally identified as in need of special support, are supported by preschool staff supervised by external services. Other children receive support initiated and implemented by preschool staff, without supervision from external services. A further number of children receive no support for behavior difficulties, on top of what is provided to all children. This study investigated associations between support format (i.e., supervised support, staff-initiated support, or no additional support), support content (i.e., implementation of support), behavior difficulties, socio-demographics and engagement. A mixed methods approach was used with a sample of 232 preschool children 15–71 months with assessed behavior difficulties. Preschool staff reported on the children's engagement, behavior difficulties, socio-demographics, and support provision. Logistic regression models were used to analyze the probability of children receiving either support format. Content analysis was used to categorize the support content, reported by preschool staff through open-ended questions. Point-biserial correlations were used to test associations between support content, behavior, socio-demographics and engagement. All children receiving supervised support for behavior difficulties were formally identified by external services as in need of special support. Supervised support was also more common if children disturbed the free play in the preschool group, with the most frequent support being collaboration with external teams. Staff-initiated support was most commonly given to children with high engagement, and for children who are not early second language learners. These children were most frequently supported by staff paying attention to negative behavior. Children who were not perceived as a burden to the group were less likely to receive any form of additional support. Ways of managing the preschool group seem to guide support strategies for children with behavior difficulties, rather than child-focused strategies emphasizing engagement in everyday activities.

  • 12.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ichinose, Akiko
    Kwansei Gakuin Unversity, Nishinomiya, JAPAN.
    "End of life care in group home for older persons with dementia: An exploratory case study in Japan" Caring in a changing world 4th International NCCS & EACS Conference April 27th – 28th 2022 at Mälardalen University.2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Brodd, Katarina Strand
    Uppsala Univ, Dept Womens & Childrens Hlth, Perinatal Neonatal & Pediat Cardiol Res, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Harder, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Meaningful everyday life situations from the perspective of children born preterm: A photo-elicitation interview study with six-year-old children2023In: PLOS ONE, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 18, no 8, article id e0284217Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AimThe aim of the study was to explore meaningful everyday life situations as perceived by six-year-old children born preterm. Materials and methodsThe study had a descriptive qualitative design with an inductive approach. Ten, six-year-old children born preterm, not diagnosed with any disabilities, participated. Data was collected by photo-elicitation interviews to stimulate and help the children to describe their meaningful everyday life situations. A qualitative content analysis according to Elo and Kyngas was applied. ResultsThe children's descriptions of meaningful everyday life situations can be understood as being in an active and dynamic process, representing the core category. The analysis resulted in three generic categories, as the children described the significance of having significant circumstances and doing things. The experiences the children gain when they do things create their desire for further development. DiscussionThe results reveal that children born preterm are able to reflect on and give detailed descriptions of situations of importance to them. The study suggests that if six-year-old children born preterm are given the opportunity to share their views they can take an active role e.g. in planning and carrying through of interventions by health care services.

  • 14.
    Andreae, Christina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten..
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten..
    Evangelista, Lorraine
    Sue and Bill Gross School of Nursing, University of California, Irvine, CA..
    Strömberg, Anna
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för medicin och hälsa, Avdelningen för omvårdnad. Linköpings universitet, Medicinska fakulteten. Region Östergötland, Hjärt- och Medicincentrum, Kardiologiska kliniken US..
    Sedentary lifestyle is associated with poor appetite in patients with heart failure.2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Anneroth, Emelie
    et al.
    Sweco, Sweden.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Sweden.
    Feministisk stadsplanering som social innovation2022In: Social innovation för hållbar utveckling / [ed] Karl Johan Bonnedahl; Annika Egan Sjölander; Malin Lindberg, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2022, p. 149-166Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Antoniadou, Marianna
    et al.
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Educ & Commun, CHILD, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Linkoping Univ, Dept Hlth Med & Caring Sci, Linkoping, Sweden..
    Granlund, Mats
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Hlth & Welf, CHILD, Jonkoping, Sweden.;Norwegian Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Mental Hlth, Trondheim, Norway..
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Strategies Used by Professionals in Pediatric Rehabilitation to Engage the Child in the Intervention Process: A Scoping Review2024In: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, ISSN 0194-2638, E-ISSN 1541-3144Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AimTo investigate strategies used by professionals in pediatric rehabilitation to engage children in every step of the intervention process, including assessment, goal setting, planning and implementation of the intervention, and results evaluation.MethodsA scoping literature review was conducted, and seven databases were searched, including CINAHL and MEDLINE, ProQuest Central, PsycINFO, Social Science Premium Collection, PubMed, and Web of Science. A citation search of included articles was completed. Predetermined criteria, quality standards, and PIO framework guided the selection process. Results were presented in relation to Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and the contextual model of therapeutic change.ResultsIn total, 20 studies were included in the review. Pediatric professionals reported that therapeutic use of self and their own engagement in the intervention facilitated the establishment of a supportive relationship. Providing clear explanations about their role and therapy rationale developed positive expectations. By making the child feel successful within-session and outside-session activities, professionals enhanced child mastery. Professionals' strategies were abstractly described.ConclusionsFurther research is needed to investigate strategies that are effective in the different steps of the intervention. More observational, longitudinal studies are required to capture fluctuations in in-session engagement.

  • 17.
    Appelgren Engström, Heléne
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Borneskog, Catrin
    Northumbria Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Newcastle Upon Tyne, Tyne & Wear, England.
    Häggström-Nordin, Elisabet
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Professionals' experiences of supporting two-mother families in antenatal and child health care in Sweden2022In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background In Sweden, antenatal and child health care are offered free of charge to all expectant and new parents. Professionals in antenatal and child health care play an important role in supporting parents. Previous research shows that same-sex mothers face heteronormative assumptions and insufficient support during their transition to parenthood. Objective To explore professionals' experiences of supporting two-mother families in antenatal and child health care. Method A qualitative method with focus group discussions was used. An interview guide was followed, and the discussions were held online. The data was analysed according to inductive content analysis. Settings and participants The participants were midwives (n = 8) and nurses (n = 5) in antenatal and child health care from different parts of Sweden. Participants were recruited through the coordinating midwives and child health care nurses in the different regions. Findings One main category was identified: Striving to be open-minded in supporting same-sex mothers. Health care professionals described meeting well-prepared mothers, with an equal commitment between each other, and mothers on guard against heteronormative views. Professionals provided support through empowerment by creating a safe environment and aiming at providing equal support to all parents or tailored support to same-sex mothers. Mothers described handling challenges, as a balancing act to acknowledge both mothers. Struggling with documents and communication and a lack of information were other challenges to be handled. Professionals reflected on their own professional competence and expressed that knowledge acquired through education, experience and personal interest all contributed to their competence. Conclusions Forms and documentation need to be updated to be gender neutral to be including to a variety of family constelleations. Health care professionals need time to reflect on norms and challenges to better support both mothers in a two-mother family.

  • 18.
    Arkkukangas, Marina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Department of Medicine, Sport and Fitness Science, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden.
    Involvement of Older Adults, the Golden Resources, as a Primary Measure for Fall Prevention2023In: Clinical Interventions in Aging, ISSN 1176-9092, E-ISSN 1178-1998, Vol. 18, p. 2165-2170Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Falls remain the second leading cause of injury-related deaths worldwide; therefore, longstanding practical fall-prevention efforts are needed. Falls can also lead to a reduction in independence and quality of life among older adults. Fall-prevention research has found that early prevention promotes a prolonged independence. However, it remains unknown which intervention is most beneficial for early prevention and how these interventions should be implemented for long-term effects. In addition, the present and future burden on social and healthcare services contributes to a gap in needs and requires an evidence-based fall prevention. Research suggests that strength, balance, and functional training are effective in reducing falls and fall-related injuries. Such training could greatly impacting independence. Fear of falling and strategies for managing falls are the suggested components to be included when evaluating fall-prevention programs. Thus, the preservation of physical functions is highly relevant for both independence and quality of life. It also contributes to psychological and social well-being, which are important factors for enabling individuals to stay at home for as long as possible. To meet future challenges associated with the expected increase in the older population, older adults should be viewed as a golden resource. With assistance from professionals and researchers, they can learn and gain the ability to institute fall-prevention programs in their own environments. These environments are primarily beyond the responsibilities of the healthcare sector. Therefore, programs comprising current knowledge about fall prevention should be developed, evaluated, and implemented with older adults by using a “train-The-trainer” approach, where a natural collaboration is established between civil society and/or volunteers, healthcare professionals, and researchers. For sustainable and effective fall-prevention programs, a co-design and early collaborative approach should be used in the natural environment, before social and healthcare services are required.

  • 19.
    Arkkukangas, Marina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Dalarna University, Falun, 791 88, Sweden; Research and Development in Sörmland, Region Sörmland, Eskilstuna, 632 17, Sweden.
    Strömqvist Bååthe, K.
    Dalarna University, Falun, 791 88, Sweden.
    Ekholm, A.
    Region Sörmland, Eskilstuna, 632 17, Sweden.
    Tonkonogi, M.
    Dalarna University, Falun, 791 88, Sweden.
    Short Multicomponent Group Exercise Intervention Promotes Long-Term Physical Activity Habits among Community-Dwelling Older Adults during COVID-19 Restrictions: A Cohort Study2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 22, article id 15140Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated whether strength, balance, body mass index, falls self-efficacy, activity levels, self-rated health, and participation in a multicomponent exercise intervention could predict physical activity levels after 5 months of self-quarantine due to the COVID-19 pandemic. This study included baseline data of 200 community-dwelling older adults (79% women, 21% men) with a mean age of 72 years who participated in a randomized controlled trial investigating a multicomponent exercise program, with 7-month follow-up survey data of their physical activity levels. The results showed significant associations with the activity levels at the 7-month follow-up. The activity levels (odds ratio (OR): 2.83, 95% CI: 1.20–6.71), the self-rated health score (2.80, 1.42–5.53), and being allocated to a specific multicomponent group-based exercise program (2.04, 1.04–4.00) showed a significant association with the activity habits at the 7-month follow-up. As this study suggests, besides the physical activity levels and the self-rated health score, participation in a high challenge multicomponent exercise program was significantly associated with physical activity levels at the 7-month follow-up. This study indicates that a relatively short multicomponent group exercise program (6–9 weeks) can motivate individuals to sustain their own training and activity levels even several months after the program has been paused or terminated. Identifying older adults’ physical activity levels and self-rated health scores and prescribing multicomponent group-based exercise programs to promote sustained physical activity habits may be a successful alternative to provide for older adults in the future. 

  • 20.
    Aryuwat, Pimwalunn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lövenmark [Åberg] [Engström], Annica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Radabutr, Matanee
    Praboromarajchanok Institute, Boromarajonani College of Nursing Changwat Nonthaburi The Ministry of Public Health Nonthaburi Thailand.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    An integrative review of resilience among nursing students in the context of nursing education2022In: Nursing Open, E-ISSN 2054-1058Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This integrative review aimed to examine empirical research on resilience among nursing students in the context of nursing education. Resilience helps nursing students handle challenges, such as changing learning styles and experiencing their first clinical practice.DesignAn integrative review.MethodsThe search terms focused on resilience and health in nursing students and nursing education. The database used in this review were CINAHL Plus, PubMed and MEDLINE. The Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool appraised the studies' quality.

    ResultsThis study explored 52 records and revealed three current research focuses related to nursing students' resilience: (1) the concept and description of resilience, (2) the characteristics affecting resilience and (3) the mediating role of resilience in maintaining holistic health. Recommendations include adding a resilience topic to the nursing curriculum, providing resilience enhancement programs, examining the relationship between resilience and holistic health and exploring the influence of resilience about global health crises.

    Public Contribution Resilience among nursing students plays a vital role in helping them to overcome adversities during their nursing education. Additionally, after graduation, nursing students can continue contributing to society as resilient Registered Nurses in the future.

  • 21.
    Aryuwat, Pimwalunn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Holmgren, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lövenmark [Åberg] [Engström], Annica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Radabutr, Matanee
    Boromarajonani College of Nursing, Changwat Nonthaburi, Faculty of Nursing, Praboromarajchanok Institute, Nonthaburi 11000, Thailand.
    Sandborgh, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Factors Associated with Resilience among Thai Nursing Students in the Context of Clinical Education: A Cross-sectional Study2024In: Education Sciences, E-ISSN 2227-7102, Vol. 14, no 1, article id 78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Resilience aids nursing students in dealing with adversities during their nursing education. This study examined the relationship between nursing students’ resilience and relevant variables in the context of clinical education. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect data from 319 undergraduate nursing students in Northeast Thailand. The Connor–Davidson Resilience Scale, the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, the Learning Experience Scale or the Personal Responsibility Orientation to Self-Direction in Learning Scale, and the Stressors in Nursing Students scale were administered. A multiple regression analysis was performed for factors presumed to be associated with resilience. Results reported that Thai nursing students’ average resilience score was 71.79 ± 16.33. Multiple regression analysis indicated factors associated with resilience, in which social support (β = 0.354, p < 0.001, 95%CI: 0.240 to 0.469) and self-directed learning (β = 0.787, p < 0.001, 95%CI: 0.606 to 0.968) showed a positive association, while stress (β = −0.083, p = 0.025, 95%CI: −0.083 to −0.006) had a negative association. The final model accounted for 43.4% of the variance in the resilience score. In conclusion, self-directed learning, social support, and perceived stress among nursing students during clinical education are associated with their resilience.

  • 22.
    Astvik, Wanja
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Schön, Ulla-Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Tranquist, Joakim
    Tranquist Utvärdering, Sweden.
    Samverkan för unga till arbete: – följeforskning av projekten SamMA och Rätt stöd för mig2022Report (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    Samverkan för unga till arbete
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 23.
    Asztalos Morell, Ildikó
    et al.
    The Swedish University for Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    De, Santa
    Science in Nursing, RN RM, Sandra Shroff ROFEL College of Nursing, Vapi, India.
    Johansson, Carl
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Lena-Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Middle-class older adults living alone in urban India: Older adults’ understandings of ageing alone2023In: Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging, ISSN 1552-8030, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study sheds light on the value systems of the middle-class metropolitan older adults living alone, on the ageing self and the person's relationship to the surrounding society based on eight interviews. Ageing research has emphasized the traditional features of elderly care in India including its collectivist values rooted in filial piety and the extended family as well as embracement of disengagement influenced by the Hindu texts on two phases in later life: "hermit" and "renunciate". Increased social and geographical mobility, however, challenges traditional family systems. Using the example of the urban middle-class older adults living alone, this study explored whether living alone constitutes a challenge to the norms that previous research associated with Indian elderly care. Using abductive phenomenographic analysis the study found that the understandings of older adults in the study show great reflexivity concerning key aspects of their lives. Although the life conditions of older adults living alone deviated in many aspects from dominant traditional norms of filial piety and a care regime based on strong intergenerational interdependence, their responses and reflections mirrored assemblages of values deeply rooted in Hindu Vedic philosophy of the Ashramas and perceptions of independence, autonomy and self-reliance associated with Western "productive" aging.

  • 24. Athlin, Muntlin Å
    et al.
    Farrokhnia, N
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Teamwork in the emergency department-a systematic evaluation of a new working routine2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Augustsson, Hanna
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med CES, Unit Implementat & Evaluat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Morici, Belen Casales
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden.;Uppsala Univ, Dept Business Studies, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hasson, Henna
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden.;Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med CES, Unit Implementat & Evaluat, Stockholm, Sweden..
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Schalling, Sara Korlen
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ingvarsson, Sara
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Wijk, Hanna
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Roczniewska, Marta
    Karolinska Inst, Med Management Ctr, Dept Learning Informat Management & Eth, Procome Res Grp, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nilsen, Per
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Hlth Med & Caring Sci, Div Publ Hlth, Linkoping, Sweden..
    National governance of de-implementation of low-value care: a qualitative study in Sweden2022In: Health Research Policy and Systems, ISSN 1478-4505, E-ISSN 1478-4505, Vol. 20, no 1, article id 92Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background The de-implementation of low-value care (LVC) is important to improving patient and population health, minimizing patient harm and reducing resource waste. However, there is limited knowledge about how the de-implementation of LVC is governed and what challenges might be involved. In this study, we aimed to (1) identify key stakeholders' activities in relation to de-implementing LVC in Sweden at the national governance level and (2) identify challenges involved in the national governance of the de-implementation of LVC. Methods We used a purposeful sampling strategy to identify stakeholders in Sweden having a potential role in governing the de-implementation of LVC at a national level. Twelve informants from nine stakeholder agencies/organizations were recruited using snowball sampling. Semi-structured interviews were conducted, transcribed and analysed using inductive thematic analysis. Results Four potential activities for governing the de-implementation of LVC at a national level were identified: recommendations, health technology assessment, control over pharmaceutical products and a national system for knowledge management. Challenges involved included various vested interests that result in the maintenance of LVC and a low overall priority of working with the de-implementation of LVC compared with the implementation of new evidence. Ambiguous evidence made it difficult to clearly determine whether a practice was LVC. Unclear roles, where none of the stakeholders perceived that they had a formal mandate to govern the de-implementation of LVC, further contributed to the challenges involved in governing that de-implementation. Conclusions Various activities were performed to govern the de-implementation of LVC at a national level in Sweden; however, these were limited and had a lower priority relative to the implementation of new methods. Challenges involved relate to unfavourable change incentives, ambiguous evidence, and unclear roles to govern the de-implementation of LVC. Addressing these challenges could make the national-level governance of de-implementation more systematic and thereby help create favourable conditions for reducing LVC in healthcare.

  • 26.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Jönköping Univ, CHILD Res Grp, Box 1026, S-55111 Jönköping, Sweden..
    Ullenhag, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Odman, Pia
    Linköping Univ Hosp, Dept Med & Hlth Sci, Div Physiotherapy, Linköping, Sweden..
    A Swedish cultural adaptation of the participation questionnaire Functional Scale of the Disability Evaluation System - Child version2022In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 1720-1727Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to culturally validate a questionnaire about children's/youth's participation to be used in a Swedish context. Methods: FUNDES-Child, based on the well-established CASP, was chosen. Questions about engagement and hindering factors were added to the existing questions about frequency and independence in 20 activity areas. Using a qualitative, explorative design, 16 interviews with children/youths/caregivers were made to explore opinions about the questionnaire. Follow-up interviews confirmed the result of the revised questionnaire. Qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: The interviews provided support for the questionnaire's relevance by being a tool to assess important aspects of participation, to gain insights into one's own/the child's participation, and to promote ideas about what causes the degree of participation. To achieve comprehensiveness, no activity area was found to be missing nor superfluous. However, some examples were needed to be modified where "parades" are unusual in Sweden and therefore removed, while "singing in choir" was added. In search for comprehensibility, opinions about the layout of the first version were raised and a varying degree of understanding of wording and concepts were found and thus taken into account. Conclusions: The questionnaire can be used for establishing meaningful goals and to potentially increase children's participation.

  • 27.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Larsson, Lina
    FoU i Sörmland, Sweden.
    Tillsammans för barnens bästa i Sörmland: Följeforskning om utvecklingsarbetet – delrapport 12022Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna delstudie har varit att undersöka hur initiering och start av utvecklingsarbetet Tillsammans för barnens bästa i Sörmland har gått till. Fokus har varit på generella reflektioner om initiering och start av utvecklingsarbetet som process; framgångar, risker och hinder i utvecklingsarbetet hittills, samt förbättringsmöjligheter för det fortsatta utvecklingsarbetet.

    Utvecklingsarbetets egen dokumentation och självrapporteringar, observationer vid gemensamma möten under utvecklingsarbetet samt intervjuer utgör de grundläggande källorna för datainsamling. Intervjupersoner valdes utifrån deras involvering under initieringen och starten av utvecklingsarbetet. En fokusgruppsintervju med elva deltagare gjordes inom ramen för Lärande workshop 1 i slutet av mars 2022 och två kompletterande skriftliga intervjuer gjordes efter fokusgruppsintervjun. 

    Utvecklingsarbetet hade inte en enda startpunkt, eller ett specifikt problem att utgå från. Gemensamt i beskrivningar av startpunkter är att flera parter delar en upplevelse av att något behöver göras tillsammans för barns fysiska och psykiska hälsa samt att Skottlandsmodellen lyfts som en intressant utgångspunkt. En upplevd framgångsfaktor är denna delade övertygelse om att länet behöver utvecklingsarbete för att förbättra barns mående. Det finns ett engagemang hos både politiker och tjänstemän. En annan framgångsfaktor är skolans delaktighet i styrningen av arbetet. Intervjupersonerna uttryckte även att det hade varit en lyckad rekrytering av processledare, både utifrån kompletterade kompetenser och framåtdriv. Under uppstartsfasen upplevdes att fokus var på effektmål snarare än projektmål. Intervjupersonerna lyfter detta som en dubbel risk, både att det kan forma/förskjuta förväntningarna på vad projektet kommer att uppnå och att tiden för konkret arbete blir kortare. Även omsättning i personal och chefsnivå ses som en risk. I intervjuerna lyfts även förslag till det kommande arbetet. Att arbeta aktivt med informationsspridning och att arbeta praktiskt tillsammans med hjälp av ”case”, samt att komma i gång med pilotverksamhet bedöms som viktiga framåtriktade aktiviteter. 

    Upplevelser och erfarenheter av processen från och med initiering till start och fastställande av projektplan visar många lärdomar för att upprätthålla och främja framgångar, förebygga risker och hinder, samt att sätta i gång förbättringar i det fortsatt utvecklingsarbetet. En generell rekommendation är att identifierade framgångar, risker/hinder och förbättringsförslag tas som utgångspunkt för förbättringsarbetet i fortsättningen. Några övergripande rekommendationer:

    1. Att ha mer fokus på projektets målsättningar 

    2. Tydlig och enhetlig informationsspridning till, och förankring hos, berörda aktörer och verksamheter. Nyhetsbrevet kan behöva kompletteras med exempelvis dialogträffar, workshops eller liknande.   

    3. Eftersom det finns andra aktörer som inte är representerade i styrgruppen rekommenderas att mer dialog förs med dessa aktörer.

    4. Case som ett förslag på metod för att synliggöra olika förståelser för vad utvecklingsarbetet skulle innebära för olika parter i samverkan

    5. Kartläggning om vad som fungerar bra och mindre bra i fråga om inkludering av berörda aktörer och att ett förbättringsarbete inleds med bland annat mer involvering av barn och vårdnadshavare.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Tillsammans för barnens bästa i Sörmland. Följeforskning om utvecklingsarbetet – delrapport 1
  • 28.
    Bahner, Julia
    et al.
    Lund University, School of Social Work, Sweden.
    Gäddman Johansson, Richard
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Svanelöv, Eric
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Who Counts as a Sexual Subject?: The Impact of Ableist Rhetoric for People with Intellectual Disability in Sweden2023In: Sexuality Research & Social Policy, ISSN 1868-9884, E-ISSN 1553-6610Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction The ableist rhetoric around sexuality in disability services and beyond can hinder subjective sexual expression and have a powerful impact on health, self-esteem, and everyday life through internalized ableism, structural marginalization, and interpersonal discrimination. The aim of this study was to explore the ableist rhetoric of sexuality and its impacton sexual scripting for people with intellectual disability.

    Methods A thematic analysis was carried out on data generated through ethnographic fieldwork at five sheltered accommodations and semi-structured interviews with ten individuals with intellectual disability.

    Results The results show that people in Sweden with intellectual disability are desexualized within a moral order that ismaintained in post-institutional social care. Through this moral order, which is deeply embedded in an ableist rhetoric about sexual relationships, sexual scripting for disabled people is constrained both inside post-institutional social care initiatives, and in the broader community of “ableist environments.” In response, disabled people employ various strategies of resistance.

    Conclusions A rhetoric of positive sexuality should be a guiding principle for successfully supporting the development of sexual agency on each individual’s own term.

    Policy Implications We conclude by encouraging the development of initiatives that will empower and support people with intellectual disability to learn about their sexual rights and to find solutions that allow for development of sexual agencyand subjectivity.

  • 29.
    Baskici, C.
    et al.
    Department of Healthcare Management, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Aytar, A.
    Department of Orthopedic Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, University of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey.
    Ersoy, H.
    Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.
    Wikström-Grotell, Camilla
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Graduate School and Research, Arcada University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland.
    Arell-Sundberg, M.
    School of Engineering, Culture and Wellbeing, Arcada University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland.
    Neves, H.
    Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing, Nursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Coutinho, V.
    Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing, Nursing School of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.
    Blaževičienė, A.
    Department of Nursing, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Vaškelytė, A.
    Department of Nursing, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Kaunas, Lithuania.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Graduate School and Research, Arcada University of Applied Sciences, Helsinki, Finland.
    Fritz, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Strods, R.
    Centre for Educational Growth, Rīga Stradiņš University, Rīga, Latvia.
    Jansone-Ratinika, N.
    Centre for Educational Growth, Rīga Stradiņš University, Rīga, Latvia.
    Kav, S.
    Department of Nursing, Başkent University, Ankara, Turkey.
    “Being in the digital box”. Academic staff experiences in online practical teaching: A qualitative study from six universities and countries2024In: Heliyon, E-ISSN 2405-8440, Vol. 10, no 2, article id e24275Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic has caused radical changes in education, as in everything else, bringing many challenges. Despite all the difficulties, the COVID-19 pandemic has enormous opportunities for online teaching and the use of digital technologies. A comprehensive understanding of this period is needed to investigate these opportunities. Thus, this study aims to explore the academic staff's experiences of online teaching and the use of digital technologies in practical skills-based courses in health care education. This study was conducted at six universities from six countries (Türkiye, Sweden, Finland, Portugal, Latvia, Lithuania). Data were collected between June 17, 2021 and November 30, 2021 via a focus group with an in-depth interview technique. 22 focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 117 participants. Colaizzi's method was used to evaluate the data to discover, comprehend, and define the experiences of academic staff. The analysis of the interview data resulted in 6 themes, 25 subthemes and 56 categories that captured participants' experiences regarding online teaching of practical skills and using digital technologies in health care education. The findings of the study provide crucial information that will help online teaching and digital technology for practical skills be successfully integrated.

  • 30.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Sociologi.
    Carlson, Per
    Södertörns högskola, Socialt arbete.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Södertörns högskola, Sociologi.
    Heber, Anita
    Stockholms universitet.
    Jukkala, Tanya
    Södertörns högskola, Sociologi.
    Lindström, Jonas
    Södertörns högskola, Socialt arbete.
    Politiskt färgad undersökning med dålig representativitet: Replik DN Debatt 19/22019In: Dagens Nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Behtoui, Alireza
    et al.
    Södertörns högskola, Sweden.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Södertörns högskola, Sweden.
    Forkby, Torbjörn
    Linnéuniversitetet, Sweden.
    Hertzberg, Fredrik
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Neergaard, Anders
    Linköpings universitet, Sweden.
    Barn som deltar i organiserad idrott lyckas bättre i skolan2020In: Dagens nyheter, ISSN 1101-2447, no 31 maj, p. 7-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 32.
    Berhane, Senhit
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    UNGA VUXNAS UPPLEVELSER AV VAD SOM KAN SKAPA ETT PSYKISKT VÄLBEFINNANDE: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Bernhard-Oettel, Claudia
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bergman, Louise
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Leineweber, Constanze
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Toivanen, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Flourish, fight or flight: health in self-employment over time—associations with individual and business resources2024In: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health, ISSN 0340-0131, E-ISSN 1432-1246Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PurposeUsing COR theory to study developments of health and other key resources in self-employed workers in Sweden over 6 years, this study: (1) explored whether the heterogenous group of self-employed workers contained subgroups with different health trajectories, (2) investigated whether these were more typical for certain individuals (with respect to age, gender, sector, education, employment status), and (3) compared the different health trajectories regarding resource development in mental well-being, business resources, employment status, work ability.

    MethodThe study used data from the Swedish longitudinal occupational survey of health (SLOSH) and included participants working as self-employed or combiner (N = 2642).

    ResultFive trajectories were identified with latent class growth curve model analysis (LCGM). Two health trajectories with (1) very good, respective (2) good stable health (together comprising 78.5% of the participants), (3) one with moderate stable health (14.8%), (4) one with a U-shaped form (1.9%), and (5) one with low, slightly increasing health (4.7%). The first two trajectories flourish: they maintained or increased in all key resources and were more likely to remain self-employed. Trajectories three and five consist of those who fight to maintain or increase their resources. Workers in the U-shaped health trajectory show signs of fight and flight after loss in health and other key resources.

    ConclusionsStudying subgroups with different resource developments over time was suitable to understand heterogeneity in self-employed workers. It also helped to identify vulnerable groups that may benefit from interventions to preserve their resources.

  • 34.
    Beyermann, Alexandra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Godskesen, Tove
    Palliative Research Centre, Department of Health Care Sciences, Marie Cederschiöld University, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Research Ethics & Bioethics, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Söderman, Mirkka
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Nurses’ challenges when supporting the family of patients with ALS in specialized palliative home care: A qualitative study2023In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 18, no 1, article id 2238984Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Being a family member to someone who has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is demanding and often requires sacrificing a lot. Family members can experience fatigue, anxiety, guilt and need support. The aim was to explore registered nurses’ (RNs’) experiences of providing support to the families of patients with ALS within specialized palliative home care (SPHC).

    Methods: A qualitative explorative design. Interviews were conducted with RNs (n = 11) from five SPHCs in Sweden and analysed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The results emerged in the following categories:”To support in an increasingly difficult everyday life”, based on the sub-categories: “Creating a trusting relationship”, “Balancing between the needs of patients and their families”, and “Sharing knowledge about dying to the families”;”To support in emotionally challenging situations”, based on the sub-categories: “Harbouring family members’ difficult feelings”, “Providing support even though the situation is unpleasant” and “Being able to give support by receiving confirmation and support from others”.

    Conclusions: RNs working in SPHC have an important role in providing support in several ways to the families of patients with ALS, through facilitating their everyday life and giving emotional support when needed, based on the needs of both patients and the families.

  • 35.
    Björklund, Christina
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Toivanen, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Rudolfsson, Lisa
    Karolinska institutet, Sweden.
    Gender-based harassment among university students in Sweden during Covid-192022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This presentation analyses gender-based harassment in terms of bullying and sexual harassment among university students within the academy sector in Sweden. Bullying and harassment are severe risk factors in the psychosocial work environment, affecting both performance and health. This study is part of a collaboration program between four universities in Sweden with the aim to create research-based knowledge for the prevention of gender-based harassment (GBH) in Swedish academia.

    This study was conducted during Covid-19. Preliminary results show that GBH is more prevalent among university students than among staff. In total, 4.8 percent of university students in Sweden state that they have been subjected to sexual harassment (SH) at the university during the last 12 months. Among women, a larger proportion state that they have been exposed (5.7 %), compared to men (3.2 %). A pilot study prior to the larger prevalence study was conducted in the fall of 2020, an early stage of Covid-19. In the pilot study, 7 percent of university students (women 9.1%; men 3.1%) stated that they had been subjected to SH during the last 12 months. Consequently, results show a decrease in SH, especially among women. Furthermore, in the large-scale prevalence study one question asked respondents if Covid-19 had increased or decreased their vulnerability. Results show that about 11 percent of the women reported that exposure had decreased during Covid-19.

    Regarding methodological considerations, a previous review study shows that students exposed to SH seldom file official reports but they frequently face a variety of mental and physical health consequences. Also, how questions about sexual harassment are stated most likely affects response rates among university students. To work for a sustainable and inclusive working life free from gender-based harassment, we need to continue to monitor the development over time in the academia in Sweden.

  • 36.
    Bohman, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Abu Chaqra, Anaes
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    FÖRVÄNTNINGAR PÅ OCH FÖRESTÄLLNINGAR OM REHABILITERANDE EGENTRÄNING EFTER AXELLEDSPLASTIKOPERATION: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 37.
    Borg, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Welf, Falun, Sweden.
    Alam, Moudud
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Informat & Engn, Falun, Sweden.
    Boström, Anne-Marie
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Marmstål Hammar, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Welf, Falun, Sweden; Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, Div Nursing, Huddinge, Sweden.
    Experiences of Assistive Products and Home Care among Older Clients with and without Dementia in Sweden2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 19, p. 12350-12350Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to compare selection, use and outcomes of assistive products among older home care clients with and without dementia in Sweden, and to explore the relations between the use of assistive products and perceptions of home care, loneliness and safety. Self-reported data from 89,811 home care clients aged 65 years or more, of whom 8.9% had dementia, were analysed using regression models. Excluding spectacles, 88.2% of them used assistive products. Respondents without dementia were more likely to use at least one assistive product but less likely to use assistive products for remembering. Respondents with dementia participated less in the selection of assistive products, used less assistive products, and benefited less from them. Users of assistive products were more likely to be anxious and bothered by loneliness, to feel unsafe at home with home care, to experience that their opinions and wishes regarding assistance were disregarded by home care personnel, and to be treated worse by home care personnel. The findings raise concerns about whether the needs for assistive products among home care clients with dementia are adequately provided for. They also indicate a need to strengthen a person-centred approach to providing home care to users of assistive products.

  • 38.
    Borg, Johan
    et al.
    Dalarna Univ, Sch Hlth & Welf,Falun, Sweden..
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Eskilstuna Municipal, Dept Hlth & Social Care, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Landerdahl Stridsberg, Sara
    Mälardalen University.
    Zander, Viktoria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Implementation of welfare technology: a state-of-the-art review of knowledge gaps and research needs2022In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To offer guidance for future welfare technology research, this review provides an overview of current knowledge gaps and research needs as reported in primary scientific studies addressing the implementation of welfare technology for older people, people with disabilities and informal caregivers.

    Materials and methods: This paper conducted a state-of-the-art review based on systematic searches in 11 databases followed by a descriptive qualitative analysis of 21 selected articles.

    Results: Knowledge gaps and research needs were identified concerning two categories: research designs and populations and focus of research. The articles reported needs for comparative studies, longitudinal studies, and demonstration trials as well as the development of co-design processes involving technology users. They also called for studies applying a social system theory approach, involving healthy and frail older adults, representative samples of users within and across countries, informal and formal caregivers, inter-and multidisciplinary teams, and care organizations. Moreover, there are reported needs for studies of acquirement, adoption and acceptance of welfare technology, attitudes, beliefs, and context related to welfare technology, caregiver perspectives on welfare technology, services to provide welfare technology and welfare technology itself.

    Conclusions: There are considerable knowledge gaps and research needs concerning the implementation of welfare technology. They relate not only to the research focus but also to research designs, a social system theory approach and study populations.

  • 39.
    Borg, S.
    et al.
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Unit of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, 581 83, Sweden.
    Öberg, B.
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Unit of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, 581 83, Sweden.
    Nilsson, L.
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Unit of Cardiovascular Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Alfredsson, J.
    Department of Cardiology and Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bäck, M.
    Department of Health, Medicine and Caring Sciences, Unit of Physiotherapy, Linköping University, Linköping, 581 83, Sweden.
    Effectiveness of a behavioral medicine intervention in physical therapy on secondary psychological outcomes and health-related quality of life in exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation: a randomized, controlled trial2023In: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, ISSN 2052-1847, Vol. 15, no 1, article id 42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Interventions promoting adherence to exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (exCR) are important to achieve positive physical and psychological outcomes, but knowledge of the added value of behavioral medicine interventions for these measures is limited. The aim of the study was to investigate the added value of a behavioral medicine intervention in physical therapy (BMIP) in routine exCR on psychological outcomes and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) versus routine exCR alone (RC). Methods: A total of 170 patients with coronary artery disease (136 men), mean age 62.3 ± 7.9 years, were randomized at a Swedish university hospital to a BMIP plus routine exCR or to RC for four months. The outcome assessments included HRQoL (SF-36, EQ-5D), anxiety and depression (HADS), patient enablement and self-efficacy and was performed at baseline, four and 12 months. Between-group differences were tested with an independent samples t-test and, for comparisons within groups, a paired t-test was used. An intention-to-treat and a per-protocol analysis were performed. Results: No significant differences in outcomes between the groups were shown between baseline and four months or between four and 12 months. Both groups improved in most SF-36 domains, EQ-VAS and HADS anxiety at the four-month follow-up and sufficient enablement remained at the 12-months follow-up. Conclusion: A BMIP added to routine exCR care had no significant effect on psychological outcomes and HRQoL compared with RC, but significant improvements in several measures were shown in both groups at the four-month follow-up. Since recruited participants showed a better psychological profile than the general coronary artery disease population, further studies on BMIP in exCR, tailored to meet individual needs in broader patient groups, are needed. Trial registration number NCT02895451, 09/09/2016, retrospectively registered.

  • 40.
    Borg, Sabina
    et al.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Öberg, Birgitta
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Nilsson, A
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bäck, Maria
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    The added value of a behavioural medicine intervention in physiotherapy on adherence and physical fitness in exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation (ECRA): A Randomised, Controlled Trial2020In: Patient Preference and Adherence, E-ISSN 1177-889X, Vol. 14, p. 2517-2529Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41.
    Bose, Catarina Nahlén
    et al.
    Department of Health Sciences, The Swedish Red Cross University, Huddinge, Sweden.
    L. Elfström, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Experiences of a psychosocial intervention for patients with heart failure at one year after completion: A reflexive thematic analysis2022In: Nordic journal of nursing research, ISSN 2057-1585, E-ISSN 2057-1593, article id 205715852211023Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Chronic heart failure is a common and a serious condition. Research has shown that chronic heart failure has been associated with detrimental effects on wellbeing. Coping effectiveness training (CET) has been applied for patients with heart failure to improve stress appraisal and stress management skills. The aim of this study was to explore the experience of participating in CET for patients with heart failure one year after completion. Eleven patients were interviewed. The study adheres to the SRQR guidelines. A thematic analysis generated three themes: rewarding but challenging to meet other people with heart failure; improved conditions to cope with stress; and not relevant to me. Implications for further development of the intervention were to include existential aspects, recognize comorbidities, test follow-up sessions and apply a codesign.

  • 42.
    Bratt, A S
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Psychol, S-35195 Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Johansson, M
    Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Psychol, S-35195 Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Vaxjo, Sweden; Uppsala Univ, Ctr Clin Res Sormland, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    Fagerstrom, C
    Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Elmqvist, C
    Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Vaxjo, Sweden.
    Rusner, M
    Sodra Alvsborg Hosp, Dept Res Educ & Innovat, Boras, Region Vastra G, Sweden.
    Kaldo, V
    Linnaeus Univ, Fac Hlth & Life Sci, Dept Psychol, S-35195 Vaxjo, Sweden.
    An internet-based compassion course for healthcare professionals: Rationale and protocol for a randomised controlled trial2022In: Internet Interventions, ISSN 2214-7829, Vol. 28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Severe stress is one of the most common causes of sick leave in Sweden. Previous research has shown that compassion interventions for healthcare professionals can decrease work-related stress through the introduction of self-care, self-awareness, and emotion regulation abilities when experiencing difficult situations. Internet-based stress management interventions have hitherto shown promising results in reducing stress. However, further research is needed to examine the effectiveness of internet-based compassion interventions for healthcare professionals. Objective: In the present study protocol, a randomised controlled trial is described, aiming to examine the effects of an internet-based compassion course for healthcare professionals on work-related stress and stress of conscience. Method: Healthcare professionals will be offered an internet-based stress management course of five modules across a period of five weeks. The design is a randomised controlled study consisting of three groups enrolled in one of the following: a compassion course (n = 120), a cognitive behavioural stress management course (n = 120), or placed on a waitlist followed by either the compassion course or the cognitive behavioural stress management course (n = 36). We hypothesise that the internet-based compassion course would reduce the participants' stress of conscience to a greater degree compared to the other two groups. The secondary hypothesis is that the compassion course would increase the participants' professional quality of life (i.e., higher job satisfaction and lower empathy fatigue) and self-compassion. In addition, the internet-based compassion course is expected to reduce the participants' work-related stress and sick leave rates to the same degree (non-inferiority) as the cognitive behavioural stress management course and to a higher degree when compared to the waitlist condition. The primary outcome measure is the Stress of Conscience Questionnaire (SCQ) and the secondary outcome measures are the Professional Quality of Life Scale (PROQOL), the Work-related Stress Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), and the Self-compassion Scale (SCS). Assessments will be performed at baseline, four weekly assessments during treatment, post-treatment (5 weeks), and follow-ups at 10 weeks, 15 weeks, and 6 months. The repeated measures data will be analysed using a generalised estimating equation for repeated measurements to examine whether changes over time differ between the groups and whether the improvements persist over time. Discussion: The clinical trial is expected to provide novel data on the effects of compassion interventions and add to the existing knowledge of internet-based interventions for stress management in healthcare professionals.

  • 43.
    Brindeberg, Ulrica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Samband mellan biopsykosociala faktorer och vidmakthållande av rehabilitering efter thoraxkirurgi: En beskrivande tvärsnittsstudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Many Swedes go through thoracic surgery every year. Initial postoperative rehabilitation is primarily focused on improving the patient’s dyspnea and thoracic range of motion, and the patients are recommended to maintain the rehabilitation programs after hospital discharge. Health psychology theories describe that biopsychosocial factors simultaneously influence the maintenance of rehabilitation, something that has not previously been studied in patients who have undergone thoracic surgery.

    Aim: This descriptive cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between maintenance of movement and breathing rehabilitation with psychological support and emotional state in patients 3 months after thoracic surgery.

    Methods: Quantitative data were collected by a research group through a questionnaire that explored the maintenance of rehabilitation as well as with the Modified Medical Research Council dyspnea scale (mMRC) and the Quality of Recovery -15 Sweden (QoR-15swe) and were analyzed by the author with Spearman's correlation coefficient in SPSS.

    Result: The results showed no significant relationships between maintenance of rehabilitation programs and extent of dyspnea, psychological support, or emotional state. The results had a consistently small spread around the median.

    Conclusions: The study did not show that relevant biopsychosocial factors correlated with maintenance of rehabilitation after thoracic surgery. Most of the patients reported a good postoperative well-being. However, confounding factors could have affected the results, which suggests that more studies with greater control over confounding factors are required to ensure that there is no correlation.

    Download full text (pdf)
    Brindeberg Examensarbete Fysioterapi
  • 44.
    Buli, Benti Geleta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Giannotta, Fabrizia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Larm, Peter
    Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Kent W.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Västmanland County Hospital, Västerås, Sweden.
    Trends in adolescent mental health problems 2004–2020: do sex and socioeconomic status play any role?2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims:This study aims to investigate trends in four types of adolescent mental health problems; that is, psychosomatic symptoms, depressive symptoms, suicidal ideations, and suicide attempts 2004–2020. A second aim is to investigate the moderating roles of socioeconomic status and sex in these trends.

    Methods:The analysis is based on repeated cross-sectional data 2004–2020 among grade 9 students in secondary schools in a Swedish county. In total, data from 19,873 students were included in the analysis. We fitted linear and logistic regression equations and used survey-years’ coefficients to estimate the trends. We also estimated the moderating effects of socioeconomic status and sex using interactions between survey year and socioeconomic status and sex, respectively.

    Results:The trends in all mental health problems declined over time. Through its interaction with survey year, socioeconomic status moderated the trends; psychosomatic symptoms (B = −0.115, P<0.001), depressive symptoms (B = −0.084, P<0.001) and suicidal ideations (odds ratio 0.953, confidence interval 0.924–0.983) significantly declined over time among those with high socioeconomic status. However, socioeconomic status did not have an association with the trend in suicide attempts. Interaction between sex and year of survey was associated with significant decreasing trends in depressive symptoms and suicidal ideations only among girls.

    Conclusions:Adolescent mental health problems have decreased over time, but only for adolescents with high socioeconomic status, or only in depressive symptoms and suicidal ideations for girls. The results shed light on the growing inequalities in health outcomes across levels of socioeconomic status.

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Buli, Benti Geleta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Larm, P.
    Stockholm Univ, Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Nilsson, Kent W.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala Univ, Neurosci, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hellström-Olsson, Charlotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lehtinen-Jacks, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Mälardalen Univ, Publ Hlth Sci, Västerås, Sweden..
    Giannotta, Fabrizia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Stockholm Univ, Publ Hlth Sci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Trends in adolescent mental health problems and the role of lifestyle factors2023In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 33Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Buli, Benti Geleta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Lehtinen-Jacks, Susanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Peter, Larm
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Nilsson, Kent W.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Hellström, Charlotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Giannotta, Fabrizia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Trends in adolescent mental health problems and the role of lifestyle factors2023Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    Adolescent mental health problems are on the rise globally, including in Sweden. One indicator is an increase in psychosomatic symptoms (PSS) over time. Lifestyle factors such as physical activity (PA), diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption may influence the trends in PSS. However, we found limited research on such associations.

    Methods:

    This study is based on data collected every four years from nationally representative samples of 15-year-old boys and girls in Sweden (N = 9,196, 50.5% girls), as part of the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) study. PSS was measured using a scale developed from the HBSC symptom checklist. We analyzed the trends in PSS from 2002 to 2018 and fitted models to investigate the associations between the trends and lifestyle factors. We included interaction terms between time and each lifestyle factor and fitted separate models for the high and low socioeconomic status (SES) groups.

    Results

    In general, the mean scores for PSS increased from 2.26 in 2002 to 2.49 in 2018 (p<.001). Compared to the average mean scores during preceding years, the changes in PSS mean scores at each survey year were also significant in all years except 2010. More frequent breakfast intake, daily consumption of fruits and vegetables, and higher PA were associated with lower PSS mean scores while smoking and alcohol consumption had the opposite association. The only significant interaction (B = .050; CI: .015, ¬ .085; p<.01) was observed in the high SES group, indicating that the increasing trend in PSS was stronger among those who had been drunk once or more in a lifetime, compared to those who had never been drunk.

    Conclusions

    The results indicate increasing trends in mental health problems among young people in Sweden. Furthermore, the study revealed that alcohol drunkenness was associated with a more substantial rise in PSS over time among those in the high SES group. Further research is needed to understand the reasons behind these findings.

  • 47.
    Buli, Benti Geleta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillander, Annika
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Fell, Terence
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Bälter, Katarina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Active Commuting and Healthy Behavior among Adolescents in Neighborhoods with Varying Socioeconomic Status: The NESLA Study2022In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, ISSN 1661-7827, E-ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 19, no 7, article id 3784Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    (1) Background: The World Health Organization recommends active commuting as a source of physical activity. Active commuting is determined by various factors, including the socioeconomic status (SES) of families and neighborhoods, distance to schools, perceived neighborhood safety, lifestyles, and availability of walkways and biking paths. This study aimed to assess factors associated with modes of transportation to and from school among adolescents aged 16–19 living in a middle-sized city in Sweden. (2) Method: Three hundred and fourteen students, of whom 55% were females, from schools in the city of Västerås participated in the study. Printed as well as web-based self-administered questionnaires were used to collect the data. (3) Results: Adolescents living in high SES neighborhoods were 80% more likely to bike or walk to school (OR = 1.80; CI: 1.01, 3.20) than adolescents living in low SES neighborhoods. Furthermore, active commuting was associated with higher consumption of fruits and vegetables (OR = 1.77; CI: 1.05, 2.97) and less consumption of junk foods (OR = 0.43; CI: 0.26, 0.71), as compared to passive commuting. (4) Conclusions: Active commuting is a cost-effective and sustainable source of regular physical activity and should be encouraged at a societal level. 

    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 48.
    Buli, Benti Geleta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Mälardalen Univ, Div Publ Hlth Sci, Västerås, Sweden..
    Tillander, Annika
    Linköping Univ, Dept Comp & Informat Sci, Linköping, Sweden.
    Fell, Terence
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Bälter, Katarina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, Stockholm, Sweden.
    O3-3 Active commuting and healthy behavior among adolescents in neighborhoods with varying socioeconomic status2022In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 32, no 2Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Bursell, Moa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Inst Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Roumbanis, Lambros
    Inst Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm Ctr Org Res Score, Stockholm, Sweden..
    After the algorithms: A study of meta-algorithmic judgments and diversity in the hiring process at a large multisite company2024In: Big Data and Society, ISSN 2053-9517, E-ISSN 2053-9517, Vol. 11, no 1, article id 20539517231221758Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, both private and public organizations across contexts have begun implementing AI technologies in their recruitment processes. This transition is typically justified by improved efficiency as well as more objective, performance-based ranking, and inclusive selection of job candidates. However, this rapid development has also raised concerns that the use of these emerging technologies will instead increase discrimination or enhance the already existing inequality. In the present study, we first develop the concept of meta-algorithmic judgment to understand how recruiting managers may respond to automation of the hiring process. Second, we draw on this concept in the empirical assessment of the actual consequences of this type of transition by drawing on two large and unique datasets on employment records and job applications from one of Sweden's largest food retail companies. By comparing the outcomes of traditional and algorithmic job recruitment during this technological transition, we find that, contrary to the company's intentions, algorithmic recruitment decreases diversity. However, in contrast to what is often assumed, this is primarily not because the algorithms are biased, but because of what we identify as an unintended human-algorithmic interaction effect.

  • 50.
    Bälter, Katarina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Institutet , Stockholm , Sweden.
    Javan Abraham, Feben
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mutimukwe, Chantal
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm , Sweden.
    Mugisha, Reuben
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm , Sweden.
    Persson Osowski, Christine
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bälter, Olle
    Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan, Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm , Sweden.
    A Web-Based Program About Sustainable Development Goals Focusing on Digital Learning, Digital Health Literacy, and Nutrition for Professional Development in Ethiopia and Rwanda: Development of a Pedagogical Method2022In: JMIR Formative Research, E-ISSN 2561-326X, Vol. 6, no 12, article id e36585Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: East African countries face significant societal challenges related to sustainable development goals but have limited resources to address these problems, including a shortage of nutrition experts and health care workers, limited access to physical and digital infrastructure, and a shortage of advanced educational programs and continuing professional development.

    Objective: This study aimed to develop a web-based program for sustainable development with a focus on digital learning, digital health literacy, and child nutrition, targeting government officials and decision-makers at nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) in Ethiopia and Rwanda.

    Methods: A web-based program—OneLearns (Online Education for Leaders in Nutrition and Sustainability)—uses a question-based learning methodology. This is a research-based pedagogical method developed within the open learning initiative at Carnegie Mellon University, United States. Participants were recruited during the fall of 2020 from ministries of health, education, and agriculture and NGOs that have public health, nutrition, and education in their missions. The program was conducted during the spring of 2021.

    Results: Of the 70 applicants, 25 (36%) were selected and remained active throughout the entire program and filled out a pre- and postassessment questionnaire. After the program, of the 25 applicants, 20 (80%, 95% CI 64%-96%) participants reported that their capacity to drive change related to the sustainable development goals as well as child nutrition in their organizations had increased to large extent or to a very large extent. Furthermore, 17 (68%, 95% CI 50%-86%) and 18 (72%, 95% CI 54%-90%) participants reported that their capacity to drive change related to digital health literacy and digital learning had increased to a large extent and to a very large extent, respectively.

    Conclusions: Digital learning based on a question-based learning methodology was perceived as a useful method for increasing the capacity to drive change regarding sustainable development among government officials and decision-makers at NGOs in Ethiopia and Rwanda.

1234567 1 - 50 of 467
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf