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  • 1.
    Aaby, Anders
    et al.
    Specialized Hosp Polio & Accid Victims, Roedovre, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, InCoRE, Odense, Denmark..
    Ravn, Sophie L.
    Specialized Hosp Polio & Accid Victims, Roedovre, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, InCoRE, Odense, Denmark.;Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, ThRIVE, Odense, Denmark..
    Elfström, Magnus L.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Kasch, Helge
    Aarhus Univ Hosp, Dept Neurol, Aarhus, Denmark.;Aarhus Univ, Dept Clin Med, Aarhus, Denmark..
    Andersen, Tonny E.
    Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Psychol, InCoRE, Odense, Denmark..
    Does the Danish version of the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire measure what we think it measures?: A triangulated mixed-methods validation approach2022In: Spinal Cord, ISSN 1362-4393, E-ISSN 1476-5624Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Study design: Triangulated mixed-methods validation study.

    Objectives: To validate the Danish version of the Spinal Cord Lesion-related Coping Strategies Questionnaire (SCL-CSQ).

    Setting: Community in Denmark.

    Methods: Participants were invited via a patient organization and its specialized hospital. Eligibility criteria were having a spinal cord injury (SCI), being 18 years or older, and able to understand and respond in Danish. Quantitative data were collected to determine internal consistency and criterion validity of the three subscales of SCL-CSQ, i.e., acceptance, fighting spirit, and social reliance. The Three-Step Test-Interview approach was employed to determine whether items measured what they were intended to measure (i.e., construct validity based on response processes).

    Results: The quantitative sample consisted of 107 participants, and the interview sample comprised 11 participants. The acceptance and fighting spirit subscales showed adequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.72 and 0.76 respectively) and satisfactory criterion validity (expected correlations with quality of life and depression). The social reliance subscale showed inadequate internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha of 0.58) and criterion validity. All fighting spirit items and all but one acceptance items were interpreted congruently by most participants. Conversely, two social reliance items were only interpreted congruently by 9 and 27%.

    Conclusion: The acceptance and fighting spirit subscales of the Danish version of the SCL-CSQ showed good psychometric properties, while the social reliance subscale showed serious issues and should be revised. Researchers and clinicians are urged to reflect on these findings when revising the SCL-CSQ or adapting it to other languages, cultural contexts, and rehabilitation settings.

  • 2.
    Aal-Hana Faro, Reham Zuhair Abdulahad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Lindstedt, Linus
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Man är inte den viktigaste personen i det här, utan det är våldsutövaren själv: Socialarbetares komplexa arbete med våldsutövare2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of social workers intervention programs and how they approach perpetrators of intimate partner violence. The study is based on a qualitative methodology using semi-structured interviews to answer the studies aim. The data gathered through interviews were thematically analysed where the following themes emerged; perpetrators prerequisites for change, intervention programs development areas, mapping the treatment, networking and the perpetrators risk factors. The results were analyzed by scientific articles and theoretical frameworks: power, room for maneuver, mentalization and stigma. Our findings from the data indicate that perpetrators have a lack of insight and emotional management to violence where the social workers approach becomes essential for perpetrators progress. The interventions programs foundation is based on the perpetrators individual problem areas where the social worker adapts the treatment utilizing their own knowledge and expertise. Intervention treatment places a large emphasis on partner contact to motivate and support them during the perpetrators treatment. There is a cooperation with other authorities that needs further development to enable an increased exchange of knowledge and extended reach of perpetrators. The results also show that previous exposure in childhood is a predominant pattern to perpetrators alongside other problems.

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  • 3.
    Abbas Mohammad Hussain, Sahar
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Abdalla, Helin
    Mälardalen University.
    Vårdandet av patienter med cancer i livets slutskede: En allmän litteraturöversikt av sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 4.
    Abdrahman Aden, Ayan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Omar Mohamed, Mustafa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    VID MISSTANKE OM ATT BARN FAR ILLA: EN INTERVJUSTUDIE OM SOCIALTJÄNSTENS ARBETE2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate what the social services work process looks like when a child is in danger or is suspected to be in danger. The study consists of three questions and in order to provide answers to the purpose, a qualitative research method is used with the help of semi-structured interviews. The result is based on five social secretaries from five different municipalities in Central Sweden. When it comes to the social secretary's investigation process, the results of the study show that all county to witch the interviews belongs have the same goal but are based on different working methods. Some common challenges for the social secretaries are a heavy workload, low resources and the loss of the clients trust in social services. An additional result shows that the study demonstrates the secretary's description of the investigation process in relation to the theoretical starting point. The system theory is essential for the social worker to gather important information from the individuals and organisations in the child’s local environment. While the attachment theory shows the child’s attachment relationship to the caregivers. Empowerment is used in the investigation process by motivating clients to regain power over their situation. 

  • 5.
    Abdulkadir Abshir, Safiya
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Pettersson, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att hitta motivation i vårdandet: En litteraturstudie utifrån sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Compassion energy can contribute to nurses' conditions to provide patientswith meaningful care based on a compassionate approach. Nurses' empathy towards patients can mean a risk of compassion fatigue in nurses, which can impair patient safety. Nurses'responsibility over their own health is of great importance to minimize nurses' intention to leave work and to protect patients from care injury. Aim: The aim of this study was to describe nurses’ experiences of finding motivation in caring. Method: Systematic literature study according to Evans with a basis of ten different qualitative health science articles. Result: The result consisted of two themes, experiences of meaningfulness and experience sof a safe working environment. Experiences of meaningfulness yielded two subthemes,finding joy and being able to help. Experiences of a safe working environment released two subthemes, receiving emotional support from colleagues and having the opportunity for development. Conclusion: Nurses were motivated in caring by finding joy when acommunity was formed in the workplace and that joy facilitated difficult situations in caring. Being able to give help to another person in need of help was considered the basis for caring.Receiving emotional support from colleagues contributed to a sense of security in caregivingand having the opportunity for development gave the nurses a deeper understanding and facilitated different situation in care.

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    Att hitta motivation i vårdandet
  • 6.
    Abdullahad, Claudia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Boya, Dalia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Younan, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Hur nischad är man på heder?": En kvalitativ vinjettstudie om socialsekreterares bedömningar kring hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative vignette study aims to examine how social workers within social services assess honor-related violence directed towards women, and whether the ethnic background of the victim affects the assessment. Additionally, the study aims to investigate the interventions offered by social services for victims living in an honor context and whether they differ from interventions for intimate partner violence. Data collection was conducted through six semi-structured interviews with social workers from different municipalities, based on a vignette. The results are analyzed using previous research and theoretical frameworks such as intersectionality and systems theory. The study's findings indicate that all participants identified honor in the case description, regardless of whether the woman had a Swedish-sounding name or a Middle Eastern-sounding name. The participants argue that ethnicity should not be decisive in the assessment, but it needs to be taken into account to evaluate the severity of honor practices. The interventions offered for victims in an honor context include sheltered accommodation and counseling support. It is also evident that the interventions for honor-related violence and oppression do not differ from interventions for intimate partner violence. Finally, all participants believe that more research and specialized interventions are needed for honor-related violence and oppression.

  • 7.
    Abdulrazzaq, Haneen
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Att arbeta personcentrerat: En allmän litteraturöversikt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Person-centered caregiving aims to reorganize care with a different focus on the patient's experiences in purpose to give the patient more influence in their caretaking. The method has been shown to increase understanding between the caregiver and the patient. There are three core components of person-centred care; partnership, the patient's story and documentation. Purpose: The aim of this thesis was to describe nurses' experiences of working person-centred in hospital care. Method: A general literature review is conducted for this thesis where 10 scientific articles were chosen to be analyzed, of which seven are qualitative and three are quantitative. Results: The following themes was shown in the results of this thesis: the importance of participation, the importance of communication, the importance of communication in the care team, negative work environment and nurses' satisfaction. The teamwork and ability for dialogue between the professional groups also proved to be important for the development of person-centred caregiving as a method. Conclusion: Person-centred care was proved to be desirable according to the nurses' experiences. Existing legislation, regulations and the patients themselves requested the method. Although the nurses felt that the way of working was worth striving for, it was difficult to achieve and reliant on good working conditions. The nurses felt that they were dependent on both the organization and the patients to together create the best conditions for the method.

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  • 8.
    Abdulwasai, Kalid
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Det blir bara värre och värre..: En kvalitativ studie om kriminalvårdarnas arbetsmiljö inne på anstalten2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A work can be a risk or a protection factor and the demands it puts on the employee can have different consequences. Work environment includes both physical and psychosocial work environment, the physical part is about noise, ventilation and light. The psychosocial work environment is about social support, influence and demands. Work environment is an important pillar in public health because people spend a lot of time in their work. The purpose of this study is to describe the prison guards experience their work environment. The Demand-Control-Support-model have been used in this study as theoretical perspective.

    To get the purpose answered, a qualitative method was done with a goal-directed selection where five prison guards were interviewed individually. All the interviews were semi-structured and recorded then transcribed, and afterwards analysed. The interview person who was interviewed are working in the same prison and have worked there for different amount of time.

    The results showed that the interview persons felt that the management put a high pressure even if they are short of staff and nothing has changed even if the staff remarks it. The psychosocial work environment for the interview persons was that the work is psychologically stressful because of the high demands from the management and even the daily threat from the inmates. But the interview persons felt that collaboration among the colleagues is so good that the job satisfaction increase.

    Keywords: Demand-Control-Support model, Prison guard, Qualitative method, Work environment.

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  • 9.
    Abdulwasai, Kalid
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    SOCIALA MEDIER OCH STRESS BLAND UNGDOMAR: En kvantitativ studie om användning av sociala medier och stress bland gymnasieelever2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Stress can have both positive and negative effects on the human body. Prolonged stress without recovery can lead to public health issues. The use of social media is increasing among young people. Even lot of use of social media can lead to serious consequences. The stress-vulnerability model has been applied to this study as a theoretical framework.

    Aim: The aim of the study was to study if there is a relationship between use of social media and stress among high school students. 

    Method: A quantitative study with a cross-sectional design was conducted among high school students. Convenience selection was used, with a response rate of 100 precent among 105 respondents. Spearman's rho correlation was used to analyze the relationship. Three research questions were formulated to answer the purpose of the study.

    Result: The majority of respondents use social media for at least three hours per day. Three out of four respondents experience daily stress. The study showed a weak positive correlation between social media use and stress.

    Conclusion: The study showed that almost all respondents use social media. The majority spent more than three hours per day on social media. The study also revealed a weak positive significant associations between social media and stress.

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  • 10.
    Abdulwasi, Aminna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd (HVV).
    Sisay, Bintou
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd (HVV).
    VÅRDMILJÖNS BETYDELSE FÖR PATIENTENS ÅTERHÄMTNING2022Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Abed, Hadir Carmen
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Mångfald som risk och möjlighet: En kvalitativ studie om hur rekryterare i Sverige ser på mångfald.2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Every individual ‍in Sweden should have the same right to work in everyday life, and that includes all individuals no matter what gender, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, disability, education, or social class the individual has. These aspects should not be convincing to then be excluded from working. Working is considered part of a human right and individuals who are outside the labor market should be included regardless of the aspect they receive that is considered prejudice in society. Recruiters are considered to have a big role of hiring people of various qualities which in turn promotes diversity in companies, hereafter recruiters were selected to be a focus area in the present study. The aim of the present study is to increase the understanding of how different recruiters in Sweden work to promote diversity when recruiting for companies. A qualitative method applying semi-structured interviews was used. Ten interviews were conducted, and the respondents worked as recruiters in different industries, with different years of experience and education. The collected material has been analysed through a manifest content analysis. The result shows that recruiters follow their gut feeling about the candidate, but mostly based on the qualities that the candidate possesses that are also in demand from the position applied for; however, it is not excluded that discrimination may occur during recruitment. The thesis concludes that society makes demands on how companies should adapt when it comes to underrepresented groups in society and recruiters want to meet the needs that exist with the right tools. Several of them recognize that discrimination exists in their respective fields of work: they suggest that hiring people of ethnic minorities is sometimes regarded as a risk taking, and they describe a prevalence of a fear of conflicts based on cultural differences. The interviewees underline that diversity work should continue to be an active topic in working life. 

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  • 12.
    Abo, Mariana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Wared, Mary
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ”VI FUNGERAR PÅ NÅGOT SÄTT SOM VÅRA EGNA PSYKOLOGER”: En intervjustudie med professionella om deras erfarenheter av sekundär traumatisering.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sekundär traumatisering är ett tillstånd som kan uppstå till följd av att arbeta med att lyssna på klienters berättelser om traumatiska upplevelser. Personen som drabbas av sekundär traumatisering kan uppleva många fysiska och psykiska svårigheter i sitt liv. Studiens syfte är att undersöka uppkomsten och erfarenheterna av sekundär traumatisering bland professionella och på så sätt bidrar till kunskap om detta fenomen inom socialt arbete. I studien tillämpas en kvalitativ metodologi med semistrukturerade intervjuer för att erhålla en fördjupad förståelse för sekundär traumatisering och för att ge utrymme för professionella att uttrycka sina erfarenheter. För att förstå hur professionella hanterar de känslor som följer av exponeringen för traumaberättelser och uppkomsten av sekundär traumatisering används teorier om KASAM (känsla av sammanhang), empowerment och copingstrategier som teoretiska perspektiv. Studien genomfördes i tre olika kommuner och inkluderade sex intervjuer med professionella som arbetar inom området våldsutsatta klienter. Resultaten från studien indikerar att professionella upplever besvärande känslor till följd av klienternas traumatiserande berättelser. Resultaten betonar även att bristen på reflektion i arbetsmiljön och hög arbetsbelastning kan anses vara orsaker till uppkomsten av sekundär traumatisering. Å andra sidan identifieras vilka copingstrategier som används av professionella för att hantera symtomen av sekundär traumatisering

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  • 13.
    Abrahamsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Bemötande av anhöriga i samband med dödsfall: En litteraturöversikt över sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Som sjuksköterska är det mycket vanligt att bemöta anhöriga när en närstående har avlidit. Flera anhöriga känner sorg och chock efter dödsfallet, samt vittnar om bristande kunskap och kompetens om kommunikation och bemötandet hos vårdpersonalen. Flertalet anhöriga anser också att de blir dåligt bemötta av vårdpersonalen. Samtidigt har sjuksköterskor ett ansvar att ta hänsyn till de anhöriga enligt riktlinjer. Eftersom flera anhöriga vittnar om ett dåligt bemötande från vårdpersonalen verkar det vara värdefullt att få en djupare kunskap om hur sjuksköterskor bemöter anhöriga i samband med dödsfall. Syfte: Att skapa en översikt över sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att bemöta anhöriga i samband med dödsfall. Metod: En litteraturöversikt bestående av elva artiklar. Åtta artiklar var kvalitativa, två var mixade och en var kvantitativ. Resultat: Artiklarnas syften, deltagare, datainsamlingsmetoder och resultat jämfördes. Det framkom tre olika teman genom analysen av artiklarnas resultat. Temana var, Att ha förutsättningar för att ge stöd till anhöriga vid dödsfall, Att ge stöd samt Att bilda relation med anhöriga. Slutsatser: Stödet till anhöriga ansågs delvis vara bristfälligt på grund av otillräcklig kompetens och utbildning hos sjuksköterskorna.

    Nyckelord: anhöriga, bemötande, dödsfall, erfarenheter, litteraturöversikt, sjuksköterska

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  • 14.
    Abrahimy, Roza
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Suomela, Sabina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hur upplever unga kvinnor att de påverkas av sociala medier2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I dagens samhälle har sociala medier stort inflytande på människor. Studiens syfte var att undersöka hur unga kvinnor upplever att deras mentala hälsa påverkas till följd av användning av sociala medier. Tio semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med unga kvinnor mellan 20–35 år som är aktiva på Facebook och Instagram. Analysen visade på två centrala teman: positiva mentala effekter och negativa mentala effekter med subteman ökad stressnivå och beroendeframkallande. Deltagarna upplever att deras psykiska hälsa påverkas både positivt och negativt. Dock visar resultatet att det var övervägande negativt. Vilket är i linje med tidigare studier. Författarna resonerar att social gemenskap vid användning av sociala medier var en gemensam positiv faktor för deltagarna, medan minskad självkänsla var en gemensam negativ faktor. Vi kommer att diskutera resultat i enlighet med den sociokulturella teorin, då det diskuterades att sociala medier har en viktig roll gällande hur de påverkar unga kvinnors mentala hälsa utifrån samtida kultur.

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  • 15.
    Abukar, Isterlin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Unga kvinnors upplevelse av att jobba på en anstalt med manliga klienter2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 16.
    Abukar, Mohamed
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Jag såg aldrig killar som mig själv": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hur unga män uppfattar hälso- och kroppsideal som presenteras på sociala medier2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 17.
    Abukar Mohamed, Sadiyah
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Strömberg, Amina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda patienter vid livets slutskede: En allmän litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vård i livets slutskede handlar om att lindra lidande och öka patientens välbefinnande under sista tid i livet. I sjuksköterskans ansvarsområde ingår det att lindra lidande, främja hälsa och att verka för ett fridfullt och värdigt avslut för patienter. Tidigare forskning visade att patienter uppskattade sjuksköterskors goda omhändertagande och bemötande. Det framkom att patienter erfor att den terminala sjukdomen omkullkastar livet och det uppstod en förlust av kontroll och självbild. Syfte: Syftet var att översiktligt beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter vid livets slutskede. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt tillämpades med sammanlagt elva vårdvetenskapliga artiklar, varav åtta var kvalitativa, två kvantitativa och en mixad metod. Resultat: Det identifierades fyra olika teman som besvarade sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede som var; Kommunikation och utmaningar i vårdandet, Sjuksköterskans behov av utbildning och kompetens, Betydelsen av ett tvärprofessionellt samarbete och slutligen Emotionell påfrestning. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor erfor att en god kommunikation var grunden för en högkvalitativ vård i livets slutskede. Dock uppstod det kommunikationsutmaningar när patienter och närstående hade olika mål för vården. För att erbjuda säker och god vård där patienters behov tillgodosågs erfor sjuksköterskor behov av specialiserade kunskaper och färdigheter inom palliativ vård.

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    Att vård patienter vid livets slutskede: En allmän litteraturöversikt om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter
  • 18.
    Achieng, Susan Katherine
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Slaiba, Hiba Yacoub
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    VÅRDRELATERADE INFEKTIONER: Ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2021Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Ett av sjuksköterskors arbetsområden är att förebygga vårdsrelaterade infektioner [VRI]. VRI är en vårdskada som kan uppstå under sjukhusvistelse. VRI ökar i vården trots aktuella vårdteorier, lagar och riktlinjer. Tidigare forskning påvisar negativa faktorer som orsakar att patienter upplever att förebyggandet av VRI förhindras med ett vårdlidande till följd. Syfte: Att beskriva sjuksköterskor erfarenheter av att förebygga vårdrelaterade infektioner. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt baserad på 10 vårdvetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat:Examensarbetets resultat visade att sjuksköterskorna erfor att kunskap och basala hygienrutiner var en viktig del vid VRI och att sjuksköterskorna erfor att det fanns behov av utbildning. Sjuksköterskorna erfor att det fanns en brist på kommunikation mellan sjuksköterskor och patienter. Det framkom även att det fanns en tidsbrist på arbetsplatserna som förhindrade en god och säker vård. Slutsats: Genom att synliggöra sjuksköterskor erfarenheter av att förebygga VRI kan slutsatser dras om att sjuksköterskor är i behov av vidareutbildning inom VRI som bygger på att bredda kunskaper inom yrkesrollen så att patienter hyser tillit, tro och hopp till vården.

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    EXAMENSARBETE
  • 19.
    Ackesten, Emmelie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Linda, Toresäter
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Anestesisjuksköterskors omsorgsfulla vårdande: Strategier för att lindra oro hos patienter inför anestesi2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Majoriteten av de patienter som skall genomgå anestesi uppvisar någon form av oro. Anestesisjuksköterskor ansvarar för att bemöta och lindra obehag samt lidande hos patienter i den preoperativa vården. Obehandlad oro orsakar onödigt lidande och kan leda till både kortsiktiga och långsiktiga konsekvenser för patienten såväl som samhället. Därför är det viktigt att anestesisjuksköterskor känner till strategier för att kunna bidraga till lindring hos patienter. Syfte: Syftet är att beskriva strategier för att lindra oro hos patienter inför anestesi. Metod: Systematisk integrerad litteraturöversikt av 23 artiklar enligt Whittemore och Knafl. Resultat: Att skapa trygghet är en viktig och central del i hanteringen av preoperativ oro. Individuellt anpassad information var en förutsättning för att skapa trygghet. Andra strategier som förekom var fysisk beröring, avledning, läkemedel, alternativa behandlingar, ibland enskilt men även i kombination. Slutsats: Examensarbetet presenterar möjliga strategier för anestesisjuksköterskor att använda sig av i mötet med patienter som är oroliga inför anestesi. Resultatet rangordnar inte vilken strategi som fungerar bäst utan ger ett utbud av alternativ till lindring. Strategierna som presenteras kan användas var och en för sig eller kombineras för att uppnå önskat resultat. 

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  • 20.
    Ada, Gabriella
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ilia, Daniella
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    SÄMRE ARBETSSITUATION FÖR SOCIALSEKRETERARE: Arbetssituationens och organisationens påverkan på socialsekreterare2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Inom det sociala arbetet jobbar yrkesutövare ständigt för att hjälpa samt stödja människor som är i behov av hjälp och stöd. Denna studie har sitt fokus på hur organisationen och arbetssituationen påverkar socialsekreterares arbete samt beslut. Studien har påvisat att dessa faktorer har en påverkan på socialsekreterares arbete samt beslut, vilket var de frågeställningar som vi sökte svar på. Socialsekreterare arbetar utifrån organisationens föreskrivna riktlinjer samt regelverk och dessa lagar samt regler begränsar socialsekreterares handlingsutrymme. Påverkan av arbetssituationen kan vara varierande periodvis då socialsekreterare kan uppleva en hög arbetsbelastning samt en hög personalomsättning som därmed kan bidra till en stressig arbetssituation. Denna studie är genomförd med hjälp av fem semistrukturerade intervjuer och deltagarna var fem verksamma myndighetsutövare. Vi har samlat in material och analyserat det genom teorierna, stressteorin samt gräsrotsbyråkratin och genom tidigare forskning. Studien påvisar att socialsekreterare upplever brister inom organisationen, då det framkom att arbetet präglas av en hög arbetsbelastning och att organisationen begränsar socialsekreterarnas arbete. Det framkom även att arbetsplatsen har en hög personalomsättning och stressig arbetssituation periodvis. Avslutningsvis diskuteras bristerna inom organisationen samt den svåra arbetssituationen som vidare kopplas till resultatet.

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    Sämre arbetssituation för socialsekreterare
  • 21.
    Adbirahman, Fatma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Melin, Madelein
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Överviktiga gravida kvinnors erfarenheter av bemötandet på barnmorskemottagning: En kvalitativ webbaserad enkätundersökning2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Övervikt och fetma ökar risken för att drabbas av ohälsa och är en av de främsta orsakerna till sjukdom och förtidig död i Sverige. Gravida med övervikt eller fetma har ökat vid inskrivning till barnmorskemottagning. Det finns flertalet risker med att vara gravid och ha fetma både för den gravida och barnet. Barnmorskan har ett ansvar när det kommer till att informera om riskerna med fetma.

    Syfte: Att beskriva överviktiga gravida kvinnors erfarenheter av bemötandet på barnmorskemottagning.

    Metod: Kvalitativ metod med induktiv ansats. En webbenkät som besvarades av 36 gravida kvinnor med fetma. Enkätsvaren analyserades med innehållsanalys.

    Resultat: Tre kategorier och nio subkategorier utgjorde resultatet. Barnmorskors förhållningssätt varierade. Erfarenheterna av bemötandet var varierat. Kvinnorna önskade bli sedda som mer än vikten. Vidare var fetma ett känsligt ämne att ta upp.

    Slutsats: Ett behov av att bli sedd som alla andra framkom. Det ansågs även viktigt att barnmorskan inte bemötte den gravida på ett dömande sätt utan talade om fetma utan att lägga någon värdering vid ämnet. Erfarenheter av stigmatisering framkom. Barnmorskor behöver ytterligare kunskap för att kunna bemöta gravida kvinnor med fetma på ett bättre sätt.

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  • 22.
    Adeyemo, Egle
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ivashova, Viktoriya
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att flytta till ett särskilt boende: En literaturstudie om äldres upplevelser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 23.
    Afram, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Alhemedawi, Marwa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Anhörigas erfarenheter av att leva nära en person med demenssjukdom: En allmän litteraturöversikt2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: I Sverige insjuknar 20000–25000 människor i någon form av demenssjukdom varje år och ungefär lika många där. 150 000 personer lever idag med demenssjukdom i Sverige och av de bor cirka 60% i egen bostad. Demens är en sjukdom som inte drabbar den som är sjuk, utan de anhöriga i personens närhet också drabbas. Därför kallas det ibland de anhörigas sjukdom. Syftet: Att beskriva anhörigas erfarenheter av att leva nära en person med demenssjukdom. Metod: En allmän litteraturöversikt har utförts med hjälp av nio kvalitativa artiklar och en kvantitativ artikel. Resultat: Anhörigas erfarenheter delades i tre teman. Anhöriga beskriver hur de har valt att acceptera sin situation för att underlätta vården av sin anhörighet. Anhöriga tar också upp hur bristen på stöd och hjälp i samhället bidrar till att vårdbördan för anhörigvårdaren till slut blir så stor att en placering på ett boende är en sista utväg. Slutsats: Rätt stöd och hjälp till anhöriga från början är av stor betydelse för hur länge de ska orka försätta med vården av sin anhörighet i det egna hemmet. De anhöriga sparar stora summor pengar åt samhället varje år samtidigt som de minskar sina anhörigas lidande.

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  • 24.
    Ageborg, Linus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Larsson, Johan
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ERFARENHETER AV ATT INTEGRERA ETT BETEENDEMEDICINSKT ARBETSSÄTT FÖR ATT STÖTTA PATIENTER: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    ERFARENHETER AV ATT INTEGRERA ETT BETEENDEMEDICINSKT ARBETSSÄTT FÖR ATT STÖTTA PATIENTER
  • 25.
    Aghababyan, Nune
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    FYSISK AKTIVITET HOS ÄLDRE PÅ BOENDEN: En kvalitativ studie om äldre personer uppfattningar om fysisk aktivitet och möjlighet att utöva den2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Physical activity is a fundamental factor in maintaining and improving health, by reducing non-communicable diseases and improving balance, strength and fitness. Physical inactivity is a common problem affecting many older people. To prevent physical inactivity, there are various opportunities offered by society wherever older people are and one of these settings is the nursing home. This study focuses primarily on physical activity as a determinant of health and the opportunities available to be physically active.  The purpose of this study is to explore older people's perceptions of physical activity and opportunities to engage in it. The study is based on a qualitative data collection through a semi-structured interview. Participants were selected through purposive sampling and seven older people from a nursing home participated in the study. The data collected from the participants' perceptions were analyzed through a qualitative manifest content analysis.  The results showed that older people have different perceptions of physical activity from walking to gym training, based on the opportunities provided by the nursing home to maintain physical health. The study concluded that most of the elderly people were physically active based on the health promotion work that the nursing home is based on. 

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  • 26.
    Agnoletto, Victoria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Henriksson, Matilda
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Beteendevetares förväntningar på arbetslivet efter examen2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sistaårsstudenter som lämnar högskola/universitet och ska ut i arbetslivet ställs inför tuffa utmaningar. Syftet med studien var att undersöka beteendevetenskapliga sistaårsstudenters förväntningar inför arbetslivet och deras möjligheter att använda kunskapen från utbildningen i praktiken. Semistrukturerade intervjuer utfördes med 10 sistaårsstudenter inom beteendevetenskap på ett svenskt lärosäte. Intervjuerna tematiserades och 5 teman framkom varav 3 teman beskrev förväntningarna på arbetslivet och 2 teman beskrev vad studenterna tar med för kunskap ut i arbetslivet. Tidigare forskning visade att studenter känner ångest angående den osäkra arbetsmarknaden och sin anställningsbarhet. Resultatet från vår studie visade att deltagarna kände oro inför framtiden och vad som väntar dem efter examen. Beteendevetarna var i huvudsak oroliga för att inte få arbete efter avslutade studier. Resultatet visade även att deltagarna kommer ta med sig personlig utveckling och ett nytt tankesätt från sina utbildningar. Studien kan bidra med en större förståelse för lärare och lärosäten om utvecklingsmöjligheter för beteendevetenskapliga kurser och program.

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    Beteendevetares förväntningar på arbetslivet efter examen
  • 27.
    Ahlqvist, Robyn
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lanbro, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Att få stöd att växa: Unga vuxna patienters erfarenhet av delaktighet inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Participation in healthcare is important, it’s written in laws. Previous research indicates that healthcare professionals and patients do not have the same view of the concept of participation. Highlighting the patient’s lived experiences of participation in child and adolescent psychiatry makes it visible what participation means for the patient. It can help to increase the knowledge of healthcare professionals and improve the care for patients. Aim: The purpose of the study is to describe what young adults experienced as participation during the period they themselves have been patients in child and adolescent psychiatry. Method: A qualitative design with inductive approach. Appropriate selection with 8 participants in the ages 18-20. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed with qualitative content analysis. Results: The result is written in four categories: to be confirmed, to get space, to understand oneself, to understand the context, these categories also received subcategories. The categories and subcategories formed a theme: to get support to grow. Conclusion: The concept of participation has many meanings. Being confirmed in the situation you are in and feeling confident becomes important in the relationship with the healthcare professional. A secure relationship promotes the patient’s participation in healthcare.

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  • 28.
    Ahlstedt, Carina
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Dept of Public health & Caring Sciences, Sweden.
    Eriksson Lindvall, Carin
    Uppsala University, Dept of Business Studies, Sweden.
    Holmström, Inger
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Dept of Public health & Caring Sciences, Sweden.
    Muntlin, Åsa
    Uppsala University, Dept of Public Health & Caring Sciences, and Dept of Medical Sciences, Sweden.
    Flourishing at work: Nurses' motivation through daily communication - an ethnographic approach2020In: Nursing and Health Sciences, ISSN 1441-0745, E-ISSN 1442-2018, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 1169-1176Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Shortage and turnover of registered nurses are worldwide challenges, and work motivation is one factor in retaining staff in the healthcare sector. The aim of this study was to explore registered nurses' motivation expressed in daily communication, using the basic needs in self‐determination theory as a framework. A secondary analysis of ethnographic data, collected through participant observations, informal interviews during observations, and individual interviews, was used. A total sample of all registered nurses employed at a hospital unit in Sweden (n = 10) participated. The data were analyzed thematically through the lens of the basic needs in self‐determination theory: autonomy, competence, and relatedness. Self‐regulation of learning, the possibilities to discuss work‐related challenges with colleagues, and having registered nurses lead dialogues with physicians were factors connected to autonomy. Having a registered nurse and physician solve problems together was a factor connected to competence. A sense of belonging and security in a permissive climate between registered nurses was connected to relatedness. This paper has implications for increased awareness of the three basic motivational needs, which could be used in the development of attractive workplaces.

  • 29.
    Ahlström, Andreas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Tapper, Emma
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    STADSMISSIONEN ÄR DET ENDA JAG HAR”- EN FREDAD, KONFLIKTFYLLD MEN STRUKTURERAD TILLVARO I EN OSÄKER VARDAG: En etnografisk studie om kulturen på Stadsmissionens mötesplats2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Ahlström, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Lindell, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Stier, Jonas
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Negotiating shared Responsibility for sustainable urban Development: Pronouns and In-here-ness as rhetorical ResourcesManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how issues of shared responsibility are negotiated in the realm of managing collaborative efforts between organizational actors for sustainable urban development abiding to the Agenda 2023 – with a particular focus on the rhetorical resources used in such negotiations. Through empirical material from recorded meetings in a one-year project at a municipal company, the article contributes to previous literature on collaborative ways of organizing and managing complex public challenges. With a focus on the discursive construction of shared responsibility, the concept of in-here-ness is introduced to denote accepted and assumed responsibility, which may shift through the use of pronouns: from a narrow ‘I’ or ‘we’ of stakeholders to a wider ‘we’ of collaborating parties. The article further contributes to the empirical field of sustainable development at the municipal level.

  • 31.
    Ahmadi, Fereshteh
    et al.
    University of Gävle, Sweden.
    Cetrez, Önver A.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Zandi, Saeid
    Allameh Tabataba’i University, Tehran, Iran.
    Meaning-Making Coping With COVID-19 in Academic Settings: The Case of Sweden2022In: Illness, crisis and loss, ISSN 1054-1373, E-ISSN 1552-6968, Vol. 30, no 4, p. 770-794Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study, we map and describe the coping methods used by members of the university community in Sweden to deal with the first wave of the coronavirus pandemic. This study, which used simple random sampling, was quantitative. It employed a modified version of the RCOPE instrument as well as items from earlier studies of meaning-making coping in Sweden. Among participants (n = 277, 64% women), the most frequently used coping method was nature as a resource in dealing with stress and sadness, followed by listening to the sounds of surrounding nature and thinking of life as part of a greater whole; these coping methods were the most common in all subgroups studied. We used a cultural perspective to better understand the application of certain meaning-making coping methods.

  • 32.
    Ahmadi, Fershta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Laine, Helene
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda patienter med demenssjukdom: - Ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Det sker en ökning av personer med demenssjukdom vilket ökar kravet på vårdens som ges. Patienter och deras anhöriga erfar brister i vården, bland annat i den personcentrerade vården. Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med demenssjukdom. Metod: Metoden och dataanalysen har utgått från Fribergs litteraturöversikt. Datainsamlingen gjordes genom att söka fram vårdvetenskapliga artiklar. Urvalet bestod av erfarenheter som legitimerade sjuksköterskor hade av att vårda patienter med demenssjukdom. Därefter kvalitetsgranskades varje artikel och sedan analyserades deras syfte, metod och resultat. Resultat: Resultatet indelades i följande tre teman; organisationens påverkan på vårdkvaliteten, vårdrelationens betydelse samt tolkning av patienters behov. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor strävar efter att öka sin kunskap och etablera meningsfulla vårdrelationer, även om detta kan vara krävande. Tolkning av patienters behov utgjorde en central utmaning för sjuksköterskor. Organisationens aspekter kan skapa hinder för en personcentrerad vård, vilket understryker behovet av en stödjande organisation för att kunna implementera en vård av god kvalitet till patienter med demenssjukdom och deras anhöriga.

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  • 33.
    Ahreborg, Hannah
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Leinonen, Rebecca
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    “Jag är inte så bra på brottas, men jag är… jag är ganska envis.”: Icke-normativa förväntningar på kvinnlig säkerhetspersonal i en mansdominerad bransch.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka kvinnlig säkerhetspersonals upplevelser av att arbeta på en mansdominerad arbetsplats och det har sin grund i ett intresse för jämställdhet och genus. Intresseområdet kvinnlig säkerhetspersonal är relevant med anledning att det är en mansdominerad bransch som expanderar och som rekryterar allt fler kvinnor. Studien bidrar till forskningen om genus genom att presentera ett resultat utifrån upplevelsen av att vara kvinna och arbeta inom säkerhetsbranschen samt de skilda förväntningar som finns på dem. Forskningsansatsen som har tillämpats i studien är Grundad Teori. Datainsamlingen har skett utifrån ett teoretiskt urval och det inkluderade sex individuella intervjuer, en parintervju samt en granskning av sex podcastavsnitt och fyra avsnitt av TV-serien Tunnelbanan. Studien har genererat en Grundad Teori som visar att huvudangelägenheten för kvinnlig säkerhetspersonal är att det finns icke-normativa förväntningar på dem. Huvudangelägenheten hanteras genom kärnkategorin som är att kvinnlig säkerhetspersonal förväntas ha ett pedagogiskt förhållningssätt. Den grundade teorin som studien presenterar utgörs av sex övriga kategorier som förhåller sig till och förklarar kärnkategorin. Dessa kategorier är trygghetsingivande, fysisk kapabilitet, underordnad, normer för arbetsplacering, säkerhetspersonalens kön påverkar interaktionen och (o)jämlikhetens historik. Resultatet analyseras utifrån Hirdmans teori om genussystemet, Goffmans dramaturgiska perspektiv samt Hochschilds teori om emotionellt arbete.

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  • 34.
    Ahrelönn, Ebba
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Israelsson, Ebba
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "TILLSAMMANS MED ANDRA AKTÖRER SKA VI KUNNA AGERA TIDIGT OCH SAMORDNAT": En kvalitativ studie om tvärprofessionell samverkan i det brottsförebyggande arbetet mot ungdomsbrottslighet2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Youth crime is something that has tended to become increasingly common in today's society, not least in Eskilstuna municipality, where the crimes have become increasingly serious. In order to be able to work in crime prevention, interprofessional cooperation is something that has become a matter of course where several actors have a joint responsibility. The purpose of this study is to create a deeper understanding of the local crime prevention work against youth crime in Eskilstuna municipality between social services, school and police. This is done by describing and analyzing cross-professional cooperation within the framework of the municipality's newly started initiative Safe young people with a focus on the initiative's organization and how the actors work in crime prevention. In order to answer the study's purpose and questions, a qualitative method has been used where six semi-structured interviews were conducted with various representatives from the municipality, social services, school and police. The results of the study show that there are both successes and challenges with cross-professional collaboration, the results also show how important it is to have joint governance, structure and consensus in a collaboration process. The study's results have then been analyzed in a thematic analysis based on previous research and theoretical starting points that are woven together in a final discussion. 

    Keywords: crime prevention, young people, exclusion, interprofessional collaboration, youth crime, network, community, social work

  • 35.
    Ahrons, Louise
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sigvardsson, Eleonor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKORS ERFARENHETER AV PALLIATIV OMVÅRDNAD: En litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background The goal of palliative care is to alleviate suffering, promote well-being and give patients an increased quality of life. The nurse has the overall responsibility to ensure that these parts are being followed. Previous research sheds light on patients’ and relatives’ experiences of palliative care, where a lot of deficiencies appears. Aim To describe nurses’ experiences of palliative care. Method Literature study with descriptive synthesis. Results The analysis revealed three themes and eight subthemes. The first theme, To experience emotional commitment, generated subthemes Meaning in the profession and Personal influence. The second theme, Obstacles to good palliative care, generated subthemes Lack of knowledge and the feeling of inadequacy and Deficiencies in the nursing work. The third theme, Opportunities for good palliative care, generated subthemesKnowledge in nursing, Collaboration in the nursing team and Supportive communication. Conclusion Nurses experienced obstacles in palliative care due to a lack of training in palliative care and a lack of communication with patients and their relatives. There was also a shortage of nurses, which led to a feeling of inadequacy in the profession. Patients and relatives considered that the nurses were caring and that the care was good, but also noticed shortcomings in communication and that the lack of time reduced the quality of care.

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  • 36.
    Ahström, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Malmqvist, Ebba
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Objektivitet eller subjektivitet i rekryteringsprocessen?2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Basic prerequisites for companies and organizations to be able to run a functioning business are that there are personnel with the right skills, which is met with a well-executed recruitment. The study had the following two questions: How do recruiters work during the recruitment process to be as objective as possible? What difficulties are there during a recruitment process in terms of approach in relation to subjective and objective assessments? 10 semi-structured interviews were conducted with participants who hold a position with recruitment responsibility. The interviews were thematized where seven central themes were identified: The requirements profile - the basis for the objective, standardized interview template, digital reference taking, moving away from the subjective experience, time pressure, dishonesty and language challenge. The results showed, among other things, that the participants experience several difficulties in the recruitment process, the subjective experience was mentioned as a difficulty by many of the participants. Previous research shows that the requirements profile is a great source of objectivity, the requirements profile was also something that our participants considered to be the basis and an aid to the objective approach.

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  • 37.
    Airaksinen, Lina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Jensen, Cassandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda en närstående med demenssjukdom: En litteraturöversikt av anhörigas erfarenheter2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 38.
    Ajine Jakobsson, Emilia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Greijer, Cornelia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårdas av sjuksköterskestudenter- patienters upplevelser: En systematisk litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Under den verksamhetsförlagda utbildningen (VFU) ska sjuksköterskestudenter lära sig att vårda med stöd av sin handledare. Inom samtliga vårdverksamheter sker möten mellan patienter och sjuksköterskestudenter och under denna tid förväntas studenter erbjuda patienter god vård. Patienters upplevelser av att vårdas av sjuksköterskestudenter är av betydelse för att belysa aspekter som är viktiga för vårdandet utifrån patienters perspektiv. Genom att belysa dessa aspekter kan området studeras och bidra till främjandet av en god vård. Syfte: Att beskriva patienters upplevelser av att vårdas av sjuksköterskestudenter. Metod: Kvalitativ systematisk litteraturstudie med tillämpning av beskrivande syntes av 10 artiklar. Resultat: Två teman identifierades; Det trygga vårdandet samt Att skapa en ömsesidig vårdrelation, med sammanlagt fyra tillhörande subteman. Slutsats: Patienter upplever både positiva och negativa upplevelser av att bli vårdade av sjuksköterskestudenter, dock övervägande positiva. Positivt för patienters välbefinnande är när sjuksköterskestudenter bidrar med trygghet och genuin vilja att lära känna patienter, vilket vidare skapar förutsättningar för vårdrelationer och kunskapsutbyten. Negativa upplevelser kan kopplas till otrygghet och brist i kommunikation vilket bidrar till känslor av oro, rädsla och otrygghet. Patienters upplevelser speglar det lagar, styrdokument och vårdvetenskaplig forskning redogör för som god vård. 

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  • 39.
    Akay, Stella
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Abdo, Michel
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    En gång dömd, alltid dömd?: En kvalitativ studie om stödet som tidigare dömda erbjuds samt hinder med återintegreringsprocessen2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The ambition of this study is to examine the support that former convicts receive from authorities and civil society as well as the obstacles they face during their reintegration process. Reintegration implies that the individual returns to society after a served sentence. The offered support and the obstacles that former convicts face is analyzed by these following parts: The support that’s offered by both authorities and civil society, the significant factors and the barriers as well as the crime records impact on the reintegration process. This study has conducted five semistructured interviews with Kriminalvården, Krami, Kris and Resursenheten ungdom and familj which forms the basis of this study. This study’s result highlighted the importance of creating a valuable relationship with the former convict rather than focusing on the range of the interventions. The results chapter incorporates previous research, system theory and stigma. This is due to the fact that the previous research emphasizes the importance of a prosocial environment as those who had a poorer social circle were more likely to recidivist.

    The conclusion emphasizes the importance of a valuable relationship and encounter with the former convict as well as the obstacles with reintegration due to the criminal record. A conclusion is that the quantity of the available support is not a factor to a successful reentry, rather, it is about an interaction and a valuable relationship between the individual and theprofessional. 

    Keywords: Reintegration, interaction, criminal records, support, stigma, system theory.

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  • 40.
    Akcay, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Betydelsen av omvårdnadsåtgärder för sömn hos personer med demenssjukdom2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Dementia is a common widespread disease, which is characterized by cognitive impairment due to damage to the brain. The disease cannot be remedied, and the treatment consists of relieving the symptoms and nursing care actions. Previous research has shown that sleep disruption frequently occurs in persons with dementia and can affect other aspects such as quality of life, physical and mental health. Sleep is a central component for physically and mental regaining, as well as recovery, and falls within the remit of the nursing profession. There is evidence supporting that sleep disruption has an impact in persons with dementia, which further gives opportunity to more closely investigate the meaning of nursing care actions, not including drug treatment. Aim: The aim is to describe the meaning of nursing care actions on sleep in persons with dementia living in nursing homes. Method: A literature review which included 12 articles, of which 11 had a quantitative method and 1 qualitative method. Results: Several nursing care actions had impact on sleep, related to three themes of sleep: The meaning of nursing care actions for (1) sleep quality, (2) sleep measured by time and (3) decreased nightly activity and increased daily awakeness. Conclusion: A number of nursing care actions showed a positive meaning for multiple aspects of sleep. Although there is still a need for further research, in order to ensure enough evidence to ascertain a general conclusion; for the impact of nursing care actions on sleep in persons with dementia.

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  • 41. Akenine, Daniel
    et al.
    Stier, JonasMälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Människor och AI - fem år senare : en bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva2023Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 42. Akenine, Daniel
    et al.
    Stier, JonasMälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Människor och AI: fem år senare - en bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva2023Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 43.
    Akenine, U.
    et al.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Thunborg, Charlotta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Kivipelto, M.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fallahpour, M.
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Experiences of Participation in a Multimodal Preventive Trial MIND-AD(MINI) Among Persons with Prodromal Alzheimer's Disease: A Qualitative Study: A Qualitative Study2022In: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare, ISSN 1178-2390, E-ISSN 1178-2390, Vol. 15, p. 219-234Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the world's leading public health challenges. One-third of AD cases are attributable to modifiable vascular and lifestyle related risk factors. The Multimodal Preventive Trial for Alzheimer's Disease, MINDADMINI a 6-month multinational parallel-group randomized controlled trial (RCT), targeted persons with prodromal AD and built on the positive outcomes from the Finnish Geriatric Intervention Study to Prevent Cognitive Impairment and Disability (FINGER) trial. The intervention consisted of four main components of (i) physical exercise training program, (ii) nutrition guidance, (iii) cognitive training, and (iv) social stimulation, as well as (iv) monitoring of metabolic/vascular risk factors.

    Aim: The study aimed to explore and describe the experiences of participation in MINDADMINI among persons with prodromal AD.

    Methods: This qualitative study was part of the larger MIND-ADMINI project. Eight participants were interviewed twice, before and after the intervention. The data was analyzed using qualitative content analysis.

    Results: The results are presented as categories of (i) knowledge of AD and prevention, (ii) motives for study participation, (iii) experiences of the received information about the study, (iv) taking the decision to participate, (v) expectations on study participation, (vi) experiences of study participation and (vii) internal and external factors influencing study participation.

    Conclusion: The MIND-ADMINI was well-tolerated by the participants. At the beginning of the study, the number of tasks and visits was perceived as burdensome but was later well tolerated. The participant' knowledge about AD and prevention increased during the trial. Their motives for participating in MIND-ADMINI were described as both altruistic and self beneficial. Health benefits from the study components, access to specialized medical care were identified as benefits. Managing the intensive flow of information was described a major challenge. The participants' needs for personalized support during the trial stress the importance of applying a person-centered approach providing the preventive trials.

  • 44.
    Aktas, Berivan
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vara anhörig i en närståendes palliativa vård: En litteraturstudie2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 45.
    Al Harbiti, Nesrin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sindy, Sofia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Unga kvinnors upplevelser av att leva och växa upp med föräldrar från två helt skilda kulturer2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Dubbel kulturtillhörighet kan vara både positivt och negativt. Tidigare forskning visade att tillhörighetskänslan är grundläggande för ens identitesskapande. Undersökningens syfte var att öka förståelsen för hur kvinnor upplever att deras identitet påverkas av att växa upp med föräldrar från två skilda kulturer - en svensk och en utländsk - och vilka kulturella skillnader man behövt hantera under uppväxten. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med 13 kvinnor i åldrarna 18-30. Analysen av identitetspåverkan genererade teman som att hamna i utan- eller mellanförskap, att anpassa sig utifrån omgivning och kontext och möjlighet till ökad förståelse och brett perspektiv. Kulturella skillnader kunde tematiseras som normer och värderingar, individualism vs. kollektivism, och krav och förväntningar. Resultatet visade bland annat på ett upplevt utan- eller mellanförskap, men även en ökad förståelse. Slutsatsen var att unga kvinnors identitet påverkades av att växa upp med två skilda kulturer med grund i flera olika aspekter som värderingar, krav och förväntningar.

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  • 46.
    Al Mashhadani, Raghad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Meijer, Helen
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att vårda personer med demens: Sjuksköterskors upplevelser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: En åldrande befolkning innebär ökat antal personer med demenssjukdomar. Det är av stor vikt att sjuksköterskor har tillräcklig kompetens för att ge god vård i vårdandet av personer med demens. Att leva med demenssjukdom är en komplex situation och att drabbas av kognitiv svikt innebär ofta att med tiden bli beroende av någon form av vård för att klara vardagen. Tidigare forskning redogör för olika vårdupplevelser hos personer med demens och anhöriga samt hur sjuksköterskor kan påverka dessa. Syfte: Beskriva sjuksköterskors upplevelser av att vårda personer med demens. Metod: Litteraturstudie baserad på 10 vårdvetenskapliga artiklar. Resultat: Två identifierade teman, ”hinder för vårdande” och ”möjligheter för vårdande”. Resultat visade att resurser, kunskap och utbildning var bristfällig. Vikten av att se personen bakom sjukdomen och behovet av att individualisera vården. Samt att se anhöriga och miljöns betydelse i vårdandet. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor upplever brister i vården för personer med demens. Dessa relateras till bristfälliga resurser och otillräcklig kunskap. Relationen mellan sjuksköterskorna och personer med demens ska värdesättas, miljön ska vara lugn och att den upplevda relationen med anhöriga bidrar till vårdandet.

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  • 47.
    Albannaa, Ann
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Rådberg, Evelina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    SJUKSKÖTERSKORS ERFARENHET AV VÅRDRELATIONER MED PATIENTER: En allmän litteraturöversikt ur ett sjuksköterskeperspektiv2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The caring relationship requires mutuality where both the nurse and the patient are involved in the relationship. The nurse needs to be insightsful and have understanding of what it requires to create a good carerelationship in order to care for the patient in the best possible way. Problem: The relationship betweeen the patient and nurse can influence the patient's experience of health, well-being and recovery. There’s a problem that can arise when the care relationship between both parties is not concidered good due to, for example, lack of communication between the parties. Aim: To describe experiences of the care relationship between nurse and patient from the nurse’s perspective. Method: A litterature review consisting of twelve articles, all of which are qualitative. Results: The nurses described that there are various factors that can either hinder the care relationship or that can contribute to the care relationship. The hindering factors are lack of time, stress and lack of knowledge. The factors that can contribute to a good care relationship are personcentered care, the nurse’s presence and various strategies that the nurses have. Conclusion: The nurses have the knowledge that requires to be able to establish a good care relationship. However, there are several different factors that prevent nurses from establish this relationship, for instance lack of time and stress.

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  • 48.
    Albin, Stina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hellström, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    NÄRSTÅENDES ERFARENHETER AV VÅRD I LIVETS SLUTSKEDE: En allmän litteraturöversikt2023Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 49.
    Aldebes, Tharaa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Norén, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sjuksköterskors risker att utveckla compassion fatigue: En allmän litteraturöversikt2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Providing person-centered care is part of the nurse's area of ​​competence and, together with the essential purpose for alleviating suffering, compassion arises as a natural response. Compassion emerges both as an ethical approach and as a loving atmosphere, which brings the nurses meaningfulness to their profession. Patients have a need to meet nurses with empathy and compassion in care, of which the compassion fatigue in nurses has negative effect on patients. Problem: When the nurses develop compassion fatigue, leads to the inner energy being drained without the capacity to be restored. The side effect is somatic and psychiatric disorders in the nurses. In order to produce preventive measures or improve working conditions for nurses, it is necessary to produce an overview of the risk factors. 

    Aim: The aim was to create an overview of the nurse’s risks of developing compassion fatigue. Method: A general literature review was performed according to Friberg's method where 11 articles were analyzed. Results: Three themes were generated as the result for the nurse's risks of developing compassion fatigue: empathic disharmony, work-related risk factors and dysfunctional thought and action patterns. Conclusion: The nurses has both controllable and non-controllable risks to compassion fatigue. The empathic risks and internal factors are risks that the nurse herself can influence and should therefore focus on. The non-controllable risk factor can be used by the nurses for risk analysis and given to the responsible manager.

    Keywords: compassion, empathy, fatigue, literature review, risk factors

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  • 50.
    Aldur, Beri
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Dubbla kulturer och identitetens mångfald: Identitetsskapande hos andra generationens invandrare2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Individer som befinner sig mellan olika kulturer upplever ofta utmaningar associerade med dubbelidentitet. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka hur andra generationens invandrare upplever sin identitet när de har föräldrar med annan etnisk bakgrund än svensk. Studiens två frågeställningar fokuserar på identiteten i sociala och kulturella kontexter. Urvalet gjordes genom ett målinriktat och snöbollsurval, och vidare genomfördes åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer där deltagarna berättade om sina upplevelser. Analysen utfördes utifrån en tematisk analysprocess i sex steg där sju teman identifierades: anpassning i dagliga interaktioner, intern självreflektion av social identitet, social tillhörighet och gemenskap, kulturell dualitet med balansering, fördomar och identitet, språkets roll, och upplevda kulturkrockar. Resultatet visade att deltagarna ständigt förhandlar sin identitet mellan två kulturer för att passa in. Några viktiga diskuterade ämnen var tillhörighet, bikulturell identitet och kulturkrock. Studien kan bidra till framtida forskning om mångkulturella situationer och till en fördjupad förståelse för individers upplevelser kring etniskt ursprung. 

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    Dubbla kulturer och identitetens mångfald
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