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  • 1.
    Abada, Daniela
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Estifanos, Naemi
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Provisionens påverkan på telefonförsäljares motivation: Hur påverkar belöningssystem medarbetares motivation? Vilka följder har denna påverkan?2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Datum:                                  2023-05-30  Nivå:                                      Kandidat-/Magisteruppsats i Företagsekonomi, 15 hp  Institution:                            Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalens                   Universitet    Författare:                            Daniela Abada                                     Naemi Estifanos                                                                                                                                                                                      (99/12/11)                                       (01/06/12)  Titel:                                  Provisionens påverkan på telefonförsäljares      motivation  Handledare:                      Johan Grinbergs  Nyckelord:                        3 nyckelord  Forskningsfråga/or:             1.  Hur påverkar belöningssystem medarbetares motivation? 2. Vilka följder har denna påverkan?  Syfte:                                 Syftet med denna undersökning är att undersöka effekten av provision      som belöning och hur det fungerar som en motivationsfaktor för medarbetare  Metod:                              Kvalitativ forskningsmetod, face to face intervjuer. Tematisk analys och kodning av data som sedan analyseras i analysen.   Slutsats:                             Provision har en effekt på anställdas motivation, möjligtvis inte långsiktigt då majoriteten av säljare vill byta arbetsplats på grund av de bieffekter som är följden av provision som stress, press och psykisk ohälsa. Även utvecklingsmöjligheter är motiverande för säljare, däremot inte lika omfattande som provisionen. Ämnet har delade tankar mellan säljare och ledning. 

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  • 2.
    Abdalmasih, Ranim
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. Mälardalens universitet.
    Majid, Sma
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Saado, Tania
    Kontroll av lagerinventering under Corona-pandemin.: En kvalitativ studie om kontroll av lagerinventering under pandemin utifrån revisorsperspektiv.2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 3.
    Abdel, Berivan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Utveckling av en robust strategi för systematiskt brandskydd på sjukhus: En fallstudie om brandskydd på Västerås nya akutsjukhus2024Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This essay aims to examine the organizational and technical fire protection for the new emergency hospital in Västerås and analyze what measures are needed to ensure a safe hospital. By involving the staff and ensuring that they have the necessary knowledge and participation, one can ensure a safe care environment for the patients and create the conditions for dealing with potential dangers in an effective manner. Method: To achieve the objectives of the study the method involved carefully selected interviews with various professional roles possessing expertise in fire risks. Through these interviews, the aim was to attain a more comprehensive depiction of the results. In addition to the interviews, a versatile approach was adopted, encompassing surveys, site visits, literature reviews, and meticulous calculations of airlocks. Furthermore, data collection was augmented by utilizing documents from the Västmanland Region. Result: The outcome of the study showed a lack of knowledge, experience and ability to act when it comes to evacuation situations. The building was designed with fire safety in mind. Despite this, the opportunity to implement measures to further improve safety was identified. With regard to the building's fire protection, the possibility of implementing airlocks was identified to supplement and strengthen fire protection in departments where there were fewer fire cells. Conclusion: l the implementation of airlocks is important to improve the evacuation situation and safety. Regular evacuation drills should be prioritized to increase staff preparation and confidence. Measures such as clear fire separations, reliable fire alarm systems, automatic extinguishing systems and well-designed emergency escape routes need to be implemented to increase robustness and improve fire protection. This requires cooperation with fire safety experts. Airlocks can streamline the evacuation process for bedridden patients and staff, which is crucial for quick and safe evacuation in emergency situations. 

  • 4.
    Abdelshafy, Alaaeldin M.
    et al.
    Egypt Japan Univ Sci & Technol, Energy Resources Eng Dept, Alexandria, Egypt.;Assiut Univ, Fac Engn, Elect Engn Dept, Assiut, Egypt..
    Jurasz, Jakob
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. AGH Univ Sci & Technol, Fac Management, Dept Eng Management, Krakow, Poland..
    Hassan, Hamdy
    Egypt Japan Univ Sci & Technol, Energy Resources Eng Dept, Alexandria, Egypt.;Assiut Univ, Fac Engn, Mech Engn Dept, Assiut, Egypt..
    Mohamed, Abdelfatah M.
    Assiut Univ, Fac Engn, Elect Engn Dept, Assiut, Egypt.;Egypt Japan Univ Sci & Technol, Dept Mechatron & Robot Engn, Alexandria, Egypt..
    Optimized energy management strategy for grid connected double storage (pumped storage-battery) system powered by renewable energy resources2020Ingår i: Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, E-ISSN 1873-6785, Vol. 192, artikel-id 116615Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents a grid-connected double storage system (DSS) consisting of pumped-storage hydropower (PSH) and battery. The system is supplied by photovoltaics and wind turbines. In the proposed hybrid system, batteries absorb excess renewable energy that cannot be stored in PSH and they cover loads that cannot be supplied from the water turbine. To improve the system performance, a novel energy management strategy for the DSS is proposed. The strategy is based on an optimized factor that governs the charging process of the DSS. The problem of the optimal system design is solved by a non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm (NSGA-II). The multi-objective function considers simultaneously the minimal investment cost and minimal CO2 emissions. A comparative study of photovoltaic/wind/pumped-storage hydropower and photovoltaic/wind/double storage system is performed to show the effectiveness of the proposed strategy in terms of system economic and environmental performance. The considered location of the PSH station is on Attaqa Mountain at Suez (Egypt). The results indicate the effectiveness of the proposed energy management strategy for the storage system from economic and environmental perspectives. Coupling the battery with the PSH reduces the electricity cost by 22.2% and results in minimal energy exchange with the national grid (5% of the annual demand). A sensitivity analysis shows the largest variation of the electricity cost with changing the capital cost of the solar and wind generators. Also, it is observed that when the load increases, the optimal size of the system components increases, but it isn't proportional with the demand increase as could be expected. (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 5.
    Abdelwahab, Zeid
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Al Choueyri, Maroun
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    LEAN CONSTRUCTION: En studie av Heby vårdboende2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Most construction companies want to deliver the best possible results for their customers while spending the least possible resources. Nevertheless, the construction industry has traditionally been full of unnecessary inefficiency regarding workflows. One of the most successful methods to prevent inefficiency workflow is lean construction. Lean construction consists of various methods that aim to streamline workflow as optimally as possible. Purpose: The purpose of the degree project is to use specific lean methods and tools to identify different waste and be able to use them to reduce downtime of a studied construction project. Method: A case study has been carried out where the project Heby - care homes has been studied. To gather more information a survey study has been done. To gather even further information about the project an interview was conducted with a person who has a leading role. Results: The result shows a analysis of the survey and the interviewe answers. It also includs working methods, transparency and waste minimization. Furthermore it includs solutions like identify problems, create order and structure, standardize and work on improvements. Conclusions: The conclusion that can be drawn is that standardizations in the form of checklists and guides need to be in each project. More openness and to review your chosen forms of agreement. To have a more dynamic working group that strives to achieve common goals and continuous improvements. These are the most important aspects of making a project effective.

  • 6.
    Abdirahman Hussein, Bashe
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Samimi, Emran
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Prediction of flue gas properties using artificial intelligence: Application of supervised machine learning by utilization of Near-Infrared Spectroscopy on solid biofuels2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project studies implementation and comparison of different AI models to predict (1) solid biofuel elements including carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen as well as moisture content, ash content, and higher heating value (HHV) of the fuel and (2) flue gas compositions such as concentration of carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen, nitrogen oxides, and water content using near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometric approaches. The study executes these predictions by simulating the operation of a combined heat and power plant (CHP) that is equipped with carbon capture and storage (CCS). The focus of this study is to investigate the possibility of using Near-Infrared spectroscopy (NIRs) technology to predict the emissions from a CHP plant, which can further improve the performance of the CCS system by providing the necessary fuel data in real time. The acquired NIR data is used to develop the Artificial Intelligence (AI) models using several regression algorithms including Linear regression, Gaussian process, Support Vector Machine, Artificial Neural Network, Ensemble Trees, and Tree regression. NIR data has been pre-processed using Savitzky-Golay (SG) and Multi scatter correction (MSC) techniques. Highest accuracy has been achieved for moisture content of the fuel using Exponential Gaussian Process, where an RMSE of 2.5687 and an R2-value of 0.9 has been obtained. Indeed, only a handful of regression algorithms have shown reasonable accuracy when predicting the fuel elements, where the HHV of the fuel has been predicted poorly as none of the algorithms have been able to execute the prediction successfully which leads to negative values of R2. Prediction of flue gas composition has been done resulting in reasonable accuracies for CO2 fraction with values of 0.1051 and 0.6 for RMSE and R2 respectively. Furthermore, the computational time of the algorithms has been investigated, which indicates that some of the pre-processing techniques could improve the computational time for a certain regression model, but not for all of them. It is conclusively possible to predict fuel elements and flue gas compositions based on data acquired from NIR spectroscopy. However, great effort must be put into model development including data treatment and AI model calibration to achieve desirable precision and reliable results.

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  • 7.
    Abdul Rhman, Bilal Ahmed
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hassan, Abdinasir Yussuf
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    THE POSSIBLE OPTIMIZATION OF SWEDISH AGRIVOLTAIC ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION: An analysis of optimization electricity production in agrivoltaic system2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    In order to meet future electricity demand, Sweden needs to increase its electricity production, particularly through renewable energy sources. By the end of 2022, solar power production reached 2 TWh, an increase of 75 percent over 2021. Over the past few years, solar power has grown significantly, and it is predicted to continue to grow in the future. Furthermore, by 2045, the Swedish government aims to provide 100% of its energy needs from renewable sources and reduce greenhouse gas emissions to zero.

    This study investigates whether agrivoltaic is feasible in Sweden, where solar power is coupled with agriculture. There is great potential in this technology, even though it is new. By testing different parameters, such as height and row distance, this study has also examined different agrivoltaic system designs and various geographic locations to estimate their true potential in optimizing electricity production. Using PVSyst simulations, we can then investigate how to optimize electricity and evaluate the economic feasibility based on levelized cost of energy (LCOE) and payback period of the best system. For a better understanding of this study, an extensive literature review was conducted. Although the modeling of bifacial modules is still relatively new research topic.

    This study simulated three different cases using PVsyst software. Case A with a row distance of 5 meters and a system capacity of 222 kWp; case B with a row distance of 10 meters and a system capacity of 111 kWh; and case C with a row distance of 15 meters and a system capacity of 77,7 kWp. In addition, heights ranging from 0,5 to 1,5 meters were investigated, using bifacial modules. Irradiation data from PVsyst shows that the yearly global horizontal irradiance GHI in Västerås is 1004,6 [kWh/m^2] while the GHI in Trelleborg is 1023,4 [kWh/m^2]. According to the results, the most efficient system is the one-axis tracker, which produces approximately 25% more electricity than unlimited vertical sheds. It was also found that the maximum electricity was produced at 45° azimuth. The result also found a five percent increase in electricity production in Västerås over Trelleborg. Furthermore, the optimal row distance and optimal height were found to be 10 [m] and 0,5 [m]. Lastly, the most effective system was one-axis tracker system in Västerås with LCOE of 0,09 [Euro/kWh] and payback periods of 10,6 [Years].

    Keywords: [Agrivoltaic, optimal system, row distance, levelized cost of energy, payback period]

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  • 8.
    Abdul Rhman, Bilal Ahmed
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Yussuf Hassan, Abdinasir
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    THE POSSIBLE OPTIMIZATION OF SWEDISH AGRIVOLTAIC ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION: An analysis of optimization electricity production in agrivoltaic system2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (masterexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
  • 9.
    Abdulahad, Yamin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Siro, Razan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hib, Khaula
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Organizational Change and Crisis Management During the Covid-19: Study About The Role of Leaders in Organizational Change During the Covid-19 Pandemic in The Public Sector2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to explain how many organizations in various fields are affected by the global pandemic Covid-19, which led to many organizational changes in the public sector, so those new strategies were implemented to counter these changes. Also, this research sheds light on the role of the leaders in crisis management through the sensemaking model that helps build a new story and provides logical explanations. It also seeks to study whether these new strategies are effective and how they affect the employee's performance.

    The data collection for this paper uses qualitative and quantitative research through an inductive approach to answering the research questions by collecting primary and secondary data. Through qualitative research, six interviews were conducted with employees and leaders at KTH University. And the quantitative data were collected from a questionnaire sent to leaders at KTH University. 

    The results show how the KTH University has faced several multiple organizational changes during the pandemic and how the leaders had a vital role in managing the crisis.

    Some limitations were encountered, such as the response limitations of KTH leaders, so the researchers could not collect more than 6 interviews, which led to limiting the broad research and obtaining the required results.

  • 10.
    Abdulsamed, Naeiima Farah
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Sharif Osman, Asma
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Boendesegregation i Västerås och Örebro: En intervjustudie av uppfattningar kring etnisk- och socioekonomisk boendesegregation och medborgarskap bland invånare i Vivalla, Örebro och Bäckby, Västerås.2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 12 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Residential segregation is a significant problem in most cities around Sweden. Resulting in political, social, and economic exclusion for citizens that live in residential segregated areas. Therefore, the purpose of this bachelor thesis is to create an increased understanding of what residential segregation means and highlight the consequences, and what it entails for citizens in ethnic and socioeconomic segregated areas. An additional purpose of this study is to examine how citizens in residential segregated neighborhoods experience residential segregation, and how inhabitants experience their citizenship in the context to residential segregation. We have also chosen to study how Västerås and Örebro municipalities designed policies contribute to preventing residential segregation. The chosen methodology for this study is qualitative research interviews. We have chosen to do ten semi-structured interviews, five from each neighborhood. This study has been narrowed down to only research citizens who live in Bäckby and Vivalla and are over the age of eighteen. 

    The material collected will be analyzed and examined based on the municipal policies and the chosen theories. The chosen theories are citizenship and urban citizenship from Marshall and Bottommore (1992), Ruth Lister (2007), Patricia Burke Wood (2017)  and Gilbert & Phillips  (2003), and residential segregation from the view of Iris Young (1999) and (2002) and Irene Molina (1997). In conclusion, the participants feel that their life opportunities are affected by living in an ethnic-and socioeconomic segregated area, they also express that the opportunities they receive are not equal to people from areas with good conditions. The participants express that their citizenship differs in practice from in theory. An additional conclusion is that the policies were found to be deficient and the municipalities were incapable of not only implementing but also pursuing a strategy, for these reasons, we can not determine if the objectives of the policies were achieved. 

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  • 11.
    Abeling, Inken
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Kullman, Max
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Nicander, Hanna
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Work Engagement and Cultural Adjustment for relocated employees: An empirical study on assisted employee relocation2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
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  • 12.
    Abrahamsson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Bodén, Matilda
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    CSR och klädbranschen: Vilka effekter har H&Ms CSR-strategi?2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Forskningsfråga: Hur påverkar företagets CSR-kommunikation konsumenternas köpintention och varumärkesattityd?

    Syfte: Studien ämnar undersöka sambandet mellan hur företags arbete med CSR (marketing) påverkar varumärkesattityden och vidare köpintentionen hos konsumenterna i klädbranschen

    Metod: Studien utfördes med en kvantitativ metod och en deduktiv forskningsansats. En enkätundersökning genomfördes där 149 svar samlades in för dataanalys. 

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar att CSR är en effektiv marknadsföringsstrategi för att stärka varumärket, då majoriteten av respondenterna anser det är viktigt att klädföretagen tar ansvar. Däremot är det inte en enkel uppgift att nå ut med kommunikationen på ett effektivt och trovärdigt sätt. Denna studie visar på att i H&Ms fall var det få som hade koll på vad företaget gör när det kommer till CSR, men respondenterna var ändå skeptiska till om det H&M säger att det gör generellt sett stämmer. Många av respondenterna är ändå konsumenter och har en positiv varumärkesattityd, men troligtvis av andra anledningar än CSR.

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    CSR och klädbranschen: Vilka effekter har H&Ms CSR-strategi?
  • 13.
    Abrahim, Hayat-Yusuf
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Yassin, Aimen-Berhan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Utökade Preventiva tvångsmedel: En idé- och argumentationsanalys om statens utökade möjligheter att tillämpa preventiva tvångsåtgärder för att förhindra allvarlig gängbrottslighet2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna studie undersöks regeringens utredning angående utökade preventiva tvångsmedel. Utredningen i frågan är delbetänkande om införandet av utökade preventiva tvångsmedel (SOU 2022:52). Syftet med studien är att undersöka hur argumentationen gällande utökade preventiva tvångsmedel i utredningen ställs i förhållande till de grundläggande fri- och rättigheterna samt rättsstatens principer. För att kunna genomföra det vetenskapliga arbetet har studiens tillvägagångssätt bestått av en argumentationsanalys med en pro- och contra modell tillsammans med en idéanalys för att kunna besvara forskningsfrågan. Vidare i studien presenteras resultatet i en pro- och contra-modell där de centrala argumenten framförs i en tabell. Resultatet fördelas in i teman och förklaras i en text under tabellen, med hjälp av citat och exempel från utredningen. Detta i syfte att tydliggöra för argumentets innehåll. Resultatet utvärderas under avsnittets analys utifrån de två teorierna, utilitarism och rättighetsteorin. Här diskuteras och övervägs för- och emot argumenten utifrån teoriernas synsätt. Slutligen presenteras den sammanställda analysen i en slutsats som tydligt besvarar de framställda frågeställningarna. Detta genomförs med hjälp av en diskussion av studiens resultat. 

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  • 14.
    Acuña, G. J.
    et al.
    Facultad de Ingeniería Sanitaria y Ambiental, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana, Montería, Colombia.
    Berger, M.
    University of Liège, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Liege, Belgium.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Campos, R. A.
    Universidade Federal De Santa Catarina, Departamento De Engenharia Civil, Florianopolis, Brazil.
    Canales, F. A.
    Department of Civil and Environmental, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla, Colombia.
    Cantor, D.
    Universidad Nacional De Colombia, Sede Medellín, Medellin, Colombia.
    Ciapała, B.
    AGH University of Science and Technology, Department of Fossil Fuels, Centre for Sustainable Development and Energy Efficiency, Krakow, Poland.
    Cioccolanti, L.
    eCampus University, Centro di Ricerca per l’Energia, l’Ambiente e il Territorio, Via Isimbardi 10, Novedrate, Italy.
    De Felice, M.
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Petten, Netherlands.
    de Oliveira Costa Souza Rosa, C.
    European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Petten, Netherlands.
    Teaching about complementarity - proposal of classes for university students - including exercises2022Ingår i: Complementarity of Variable Renewable Energy Sources, Elsevier , 2022, s. 687-713Kapitel i bok, del av antologi (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea behind this chapter is to provide teachers and students with material that can be used while studying renewable energy sources with special attention paid to their complementary characteristics. The questions and exercises included below refer to chapters presented in the book. In case of any questions, we provide the readers with contact details to chapters corresponding authors who would be happy in assisting you in case of any queries.

  • 15.
    Adhanom, Makda
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Alvaro, Natasha
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    How Does Visual Merchandising in Fashion Retail Stores Affect Consumers’ Brand Experience and Behavior?: A qualitative study about psychological- and personal factors affecting customers' channel selection in-store vs. online when purchasing clothes.2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Title:  How Does Visual Merchandising in Fashion Retail Stores Affect Consumers’ Brand Experience and Behavior?

    Research question: How do psychological- and personal factors influence customers' channel selection (in-store vs. online) when purchasing clothes from fashion retailers?  

    Purpose:  The purpose of this study is to explore consumers' brand experience and behavior when buying in-store and online. Moreover, how psychological- and personal factors influence consumers' channel selection (in-store vs. online) when purchasing clothes from fashion retailers. 

    Method: The study uses a qualitative research approach with data collection that took place in the form of semi-structured interviews. The qualitative data were collected with a result of 19 respondents. The interviews were answered by females between the ages of 23-35 who either are or have been customers of Zara's physical- and online stores in Stockholm. The responses were audiotaped, transcribed, and then analyzed.

    Conclusion: The authors can with this study state that the results that have emerged contribute to new knowledge about how psychological- and personal factors influence customers' channel selection (in-store vs. online) when purchasing clothes from fashion retailers. Additionally, the authors can assess how the elements of customer experience, brand coherence, and perceived visual merchandising, affect the behavior among the consumer and their channel selection when purchasing clothes from fashion retailers. This study adds new information that increases understanding and the information that emerged is essential for companies to consider. The essay will be useful to fashion industry businesses, especially those with online and physical stores. The research methodology not only helps the businesses' marketing but also identifies the most important factors.

    Keywords: Customer Experience, Consumer Behavior, Customer Perception, Visual Merchandising, Psychological Factors, Personal Factors, In-store, Online Retailing.

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  • 16.
    Adhanom, Makda
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    KouKou, Amin
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Zeray, Suzan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Sustainable Packaging Communication: How do Generation Z consumers perceive sustainable packaging communication at the point of purchase?2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore how Generation Z perceive sustainable packaging communications at the point of purchase. Hence, gain a better understanding of Generation Z's purchase intent when engaging in the buying of sustainable product packages in the context of grocery markets.

    Methodology: In this section, ​​a qualitative research strategy was used to achieve the purpose of the thesis. This study was conducted from the gathered primary and secondary data. A qualitative approach was considered to be relevant for the study because of the thematic approach applied. Consequently, patterns of the empirical findings that resulted from the semi-structured interviews were presented. In addition, the literature review relied on the secondary data collection, acquired from previous conclusions relative to Generation Z consumers and sustainable packaging communication.

    Conclusion: The results obtained showed that the buying behaviour of Generation Z participants for sustainable packages can be determined by the packaging communication cues which are also known as the visual, verbal and structural cues. In addition, factors such as price sensitivity and sustainability awareness also determined the purchase intent at the point of sale. Hence, based on the results gained the visual cues of a package were found to be the most prominent factor in determining the purchase intent in comparison to the structural cues. Verbal cues, on the other hand, determined the purchase intent of the consumers who are already aware of sustainability. Lastly, the price aspect of a package was also found to be of great importance in the buying process, since the majority of the participants stated price to be the first thing to consider at the point of sale.

  • 17.
    Afrim, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Kling, Jennifer
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    UTVECKLING AV DEBITERINGSSYSTEM FÖR REDUCERING AV ENERGIANVÄNDNING: Uppdrag av Saab AB, Linköping2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (yrkesexamen), 20 poäng / 30 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this master thesis is to develop a billing system for Saab's energy use and to study the possibilities for improving energy efficiencies. The billing system is based on collected measurement data and is divided into different categories. Obtained measurement data refer to one year in a pandemic between the years 2020 and 2021, which affects the results due to employees working from home as offices are closed. Furthermore, energy use must be normalized to be able to compare the energy use despite the temperature difference each month. Thereafter, normalized energy use is divided with the area for each house. The average value calculated for offices is 133 kWh/m2 compared to the general average value at 110 kWh/m2 and entails a high cost. The swingtherm plant consumes the most energy per square meter, over 2000 kWh/m2. The billing system is developed in Excel and implemented in Space. The billing model affects all internal tenants within Saab's operations. The possibilities for improving energy efficiencies have been studied and analyzed. Effective measures that are highlighted is an increased awareness, a change in the individual's behavior, integration of drill hole system, FTX system and installation of heat recovery and LED lights.

  • 18.
    Afzali, Krishma
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Gergi, Joseph
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Touma, Alan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hållbar utveckling inom kommuner: Styra mot Agenda 2030 med budgeten2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att bidra med kunskap om hur kommuners budget påverkar dess möjligheter kring arbetet med hållbar utveckling för att uppnå målen i Agenda 2030. Studien har genomförts utifrån en kvalitativ forskningsmetod och deduktiv ansats. För insamling av empiri har sju kommuner intervjuats för att dra en slutsats med hjälp av tidigare forskning och teori. Studiens slutsats visar att budgeten inte har någon direkt koppling med implementering av Agenda 2030. Dock anses budgeten vara en utmaning i avseende till anställning av personal och en innovativ hållbarhet.

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  • 19.
    Agrali, Ersin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Chamoun, George
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Chabo, Gabriel
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Digitaliseringens inflytande på revision: En kvalitativ studie om hur digitaliseringen har påverkat revisorn och dess roll2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    Datum:   2022-06-01

    Nivå:    Kandidatuppsats Företagsekonomi, 15 hp

    Akademi:   Akademi för Ekonomi, Mälardalens Universitet

    Författare:   Agrali, Ersin            Chabo, Gabriel        George Chamoun 

                        (00-05-25)                (00-03-29)         (99-01-08)

    Titel:    Digitaliseringens inflytande på revision 

    Handledare:  Leanne Johnstone

    Nyckelord:   Revision, Digitalisering, Automatisering, Kvalifikationer 

    Forskningsfrågor:

    - Vilket inflytande har digitaliseringen på revisorns arbete?

    - Vad för kvalifikationer kommer att erfordras hos revisorer i förhållande till digitaliseringen?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna studie är att få en bättre inblick på digitaliseringens inflytande på revision samt vilka kvalifikationer som kommer efterfrågas hos revisorer. Detta syfte ska åstadkommas  genom att studien svarar på forskningsfrågorna.              

    Metod:  Studien tillämpar en kvalitativ metod som inkluderar ett urval respondenter från fyra olika bolag. 

    Slutsats: Digitaliseringen är ett aktuellt ämne idag inom revisionsbranschen och i takt med digitaliseringens utveckling påverkar det revisorns roll positivt. Digitaliseringen är ett alternativ för revisorn att effektivisera arbetet men dock behövs det kvalifikationer för att behärska digitaliseringen. För att revisorerna ständigt ska vara konkurrenskraftiga krävs vissa kvalifikationer som efterfrågas i branschen i takt med digitaliseringens utveckling. Arbetsrollen som en revisor kräver kvalificerad kompetens i takt med de arbetsuppgifter som automatiseras. 

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  • 20.
    Agrell, Filip
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Ablay, Agit
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Developing an innovative unit of power supply to improve the sustainability of data centers: A techno economic analysis of replacing diesel generators with fuel cells as backup power generation for data centers2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    As the amount of data centers continues to increase, their electricity consumption and emissions are being reviewed. The current backup solution is a conventional diesel generator running on fossil fuels. As part of climate goals to reduce carbon emissions, renewable energy sources like fuel cells running on hydrogen are being considered. The following degree project aims to analyse the impact of replacing a fossil-powered backup power system with fuel cells as well as providing insights into which parameters affect the economic analysis the most. Current studies, reports and websites were used to gather a better understanding of fuel cell systems and their key components. The calculations were carried out using values obtained from literature which then were used for simulations in Excel. The results indicated a net profit for the proposed fuel cell system during the expected lifetime. A proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) functions very similarly to a diesel generator while reducing emissions. While the operating costs for the conceptual FC system are lower, the initial investment is much more expensive compared to the diesel system. Even though the economic investment yields a negative profit, large carbon dioxide savings are made. To give a better understanding of how different aspects impact the economics a sensitivity analysis was also carried out. While the current results show that the investment is not feasible, many of the parameters analysed in the sensitivity analysis indicate a more hopeful future forecast.  

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  • 21.
    Ahlin, Douglas
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hur Samverkan påverkar det brottsförebyggande och trygghetskapande arbetet: En kvalitativ analys av Örebro kommun samt Västerås Stads policy dokument och handlingsplan.2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats var att analysera policys och handlingsplaner angående brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbete från Örebro kommun och Västerås stad för att sedan se hur dessa dokument liknar varandra samt skiljer sig åt. Uppsatsen ska även redovisa vilken utsträckning som samverkan påverkar det brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbetet. Bakgrunden till studien redovisar de nationella förändringar som har skett i Sverige angående polismyndigheten samt det brottsförebyggande arbetet. Studiens empiri alltså de offentliga dokumenten är inhämtad via kommunernas egna hemsidor. Både internationell samt nationell forskning har använts som underlag för denna studie. Teoretiska perspektiv om samverkan har använts som teoretiskt underlag för denna studie vilket är grunden för diskussionen i denna uppsats. Då har teorier om tvärsektoriell samverkan och samverkan mellan kommuner och myndigheter nyttjats. Analysverktyget som har använts är Carol Bacchis WPR-ansats som användes för att analysera policydokumenten och handlingsplanerna. I denna studie så avgränsas ansatsen till tre frågor som är mest relevanta till just denna analys. Slutsatser i denna studie visar att samverkan och ett kunskapsbaserat arbete är de centrala verktygen för ett fungerande brottsförebyggande och trygghetsskapande arbete. Slutsatser visar även att det finns få lokala skillnader mellan dessa kommuner vilket kan bero på nationella riktlinjer. Det krävs dock ett ännu effektivare arbete och en bättre resursfördelning då det finns stora brister i det lokala brottsförebyggande arbetet. En mer effektiv interkommunalsamverkan kan vara lösningen på de problem som representeras i materialet.

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  • 22.
    Ahlqvist, Malin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Fredmark, Ida Xing
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Pirani, Shervin
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Exploring sustainability performance in small and medium-sized enterprises from a triple bottom line perspective2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Date: 2023-05-31

    Level: Bachelor thesis in Business Administration, 15 cr 

    Institution: School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University 

    Authors: Ahlqvist Malin, Fredmark Ida Xing and Pirani Shervin

    (93-03-11)          (96-06-05)        (98-07-02)                                          

    Title: Exploring sustainability performance in small and medium-sized enterprises from a triple bottom line perspective

    Supervisor:  Edward Gillmore 

    Keywords: TBL, Sustainability, Initiatives, Environmental performance, Economic performance

    Research questions: 

    RQ1: What are the characteristics of sustainable initiatives in SMEs?

    RQ2: How do the sustainability initiatives affect the economic performance and the environmental performance within SMEs?

    Purpose: This study aims to explore the characteristics of initiatives that an SME is undertaking regarding sustainability and how it affects their economic and environmental performance.

    Method: This study has an inductive approach and one case study. Four qualitative semi-structured interviews were conducted, and secondary data was collected.

    Conclusion: In relation to TBL, numerous environmental initiatives were detected, while fewer economic initiatives and social initiatives were detected. An inconsistency was found regarding the effect sustainability initiatives have on economic performance and environmental performance. If an SME wishes to operate sustainably it is suggested that emphasis should be directed towards the integration and improvement within areas of waste management, resource management, and optimization of transportation. 

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  • 23.
    Ahlström, Erica
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Alvarsson, Jennifer
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Svenskt medlemskap i Nato?: En studie om könsskillnader och oro för kris eller krig kan påverka attityder till svenskt medlemskap i Nato2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    This essay is about gender differences in attitudes towards a Swedish membership in Nato. The selected method for this essay is a quantitative survey method, and the purpose is to contribute to research on influential attitudes towards Nato amongst Swedish citizens. The presented results include the opinions of Swedish citizens that have participated in two surveys. One created by the authors of this essay, and the other by the SOM-institute. Regression analyses were performed to investigate the relationships between the variables. This essay concludes that there are gender differences in the attitudes of the Swedish population towards a Nato membership where men appear to have a more positive attitude. It was also found that there are gender differences in the Swedish population when it comes to concerns about the crisis or a war. That may explain why there is a positive view towards a Nato membership, as women that were worried about a crisis or a war, also are more positive towards a Nato membership. 

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  • 24.
    Ahlström, Karin
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    How Meetings affect the accomplishment of Broad Responsibility in a municipal CompanyManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal companies are important actors in the pursuit of the Agenda 2030 goals and are often formally obliged by their owners to work in this direction. This has however shown to be quite challenging, and managers lack knowledge about how to develop new ways of organizing to meet such responsibilities. The aim of this article is therefore to understand how the work of a top management team in meetings affects the accomplishment of broad responsibility. The analysis, which is underpinned by a communicative constitution of organizing (CCO) perspective, shows how the way specific communicative practices (agendas, minutes, timeslots, turn-taking, and stakeholder voicing) are enacted leads to the re-production of parts of the organization at the expense of the whole, the present at the expense of the future, and profit at the expense of the other dimensions of sustainability. This study contributes to the literature on public management by showing how communicative practices enacted in meetings make certain concerns present and others absent, thereby creating the conditions for the accomplishment of broad responsibility.

  • 25.
    Ahlström, Karin
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Managing broad responsibility together in a municipal company: Communication as prophylaxis2024Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Municipal companies are important actors in the pursuit of the goals of Agenda 2030 and are often formally obliged by their owners to work towards achieving these goals, but without jeopardizing ongoing production and the delivery of vital public services. This has, however, shown to be challenging, and managers are often unsure how to develop new ways of organizing to meet such complex challenges and take on broad responsibility. What has been recognized is the importance of collaboration, which is a beneficial and distinct organizational form of its own that creates value greater than what individual organizations can do separately. Such ways of working are, however, hardly straightforward endeavours, since they usually involve members with contrasting goals and approaches, are inclined to fragmentation, and can sometimes even add to the challenges they set out to resolve. The aim of this thesis is to understand the practical challenges associated with collaborative efforts to manage broad responsibility in a municipal company. In response to this aim, responsible managing is studied both empirically and through a research literature review. The purpose of the literature review is to better understand the challenges of managing broad responsibility and what is currently being done to achieve the goals of Agenda 2030 at the municipal level. To understand how responsible managing is accomplished in practice, the enactment of responsible manging is empirically studied in a municipal company over a total of four years. Particularly, two cases have been studied using a participatory research approach: first, the case of a top management team managing responsibly together and second, the case of responsible managing in interorganizational collaboration in a municipal company. For both cases, a theoretical lens is used, resting on a social constructionist and processual-relational ontology, supported by practice-based studies in the communicative stream. This means that attention is focused on communication (both talk and text) in an approach that views responsible managing as a communicative practice, a form of emergent, relational, and situated practice and the means by which responsible managing emerges, is sustained, and transformed. The overall results show how situated communicative practices are influential for preventing the limitation of broad responsibility, fragmentation of the share responsibility, and the deprioritization of obligations over time. Based on this, a metaphor of dental prophylaxis is proposed. By conceptualizing responsible managing as a situated communicative practice and showing how responsible managing may be enacted, this thesis contributes theoretically to the field of organization and management.

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  • 26.
    Ahlström, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Bruzzone, Silvia
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Farashah, Ali
    Municipalities working for Agenda 2030: Review and Agenda for future ResearchManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering the population density of urban areas, their levels of consumption and emissions, their influence on social equality and inclusion, and the resources and power allocated to urban actors, it is important to examine how municipalities organize work as they proceed to implement Agenda 2030 and to what effect. A systematic literature review is used to analyse 77 articles, published between 2017 and 2022, that examine the sustainability activities of municipal actors in Europe. Two themes are identified and explained: a) a paradigm shift in local government; b) the mobilization of socio-technical approaches (e.g., smart cities and regenerative land use). Also, the limitations of the literature and some areas for future research are discussed: research comparing practices across regions and countries; research analysing the interaction of different initiatives within a municipality; and research examining the role of municipal companies.

  • 27.
    Ahlström, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Crevani, Lucia
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Managing Responsibly Together: How an Obligation is Made to Matter in Top Management Team Work2023Ingår i: Journal of Change Management, ISSN 1469-7017, E-ISSN 1479-1811Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to contribute to research on responsible management by developing knowledge on how managing responsibly together in a Top Management Team (TMT) may be accomplished, thus complementing research in the area that focuses on the work of individual managers. To this end, we mobilize the concept of obligation to characterize what emerges as what a TMT needs to respond to. Having followed the TMT for a municipal company working together in meetings over time, we propose that three accomplishments (making the obligation present, making the obligation enable action and accounting for the obligation) shape how an obligation is made to matter. This is no linear process, but rather it unfolds in a series of materializations of the obligation in text and talk, as the TMT goes about its work. The article thus provides a contribution to research on responsible management but also has practical consequences for developing how a TMT works in order to address the urgent demands for change related to sustainable development.MAD statementIn this article, we develop knowledge on how managing responsibly together may be accomplished in a Top Management Team (TMT). Besides adding to the responsible management literature, we also provide theoretical tools that may be mobilized in order to develop the work practices of TMTs that want to contribute to sustainable development.

  • 28.
    Ahlström, Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Lindell, Eva
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation.
    Stier, Jonas
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd.
    Negotiating shared Responsibility for sustainable urban Development: Pronouns and In-here-ness as rhetorical ResourcesManuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
    Abstract [en]

    This article explores how issues of shared responsibility are negotiated in the realm of managing collaborative efforts between organizational actors for sustainable urban development abiding to the Agenda 2023 – with a particular focus on the rhetorical resources used in such negotiations. Through empirical material from recorded meetings in a one-year project at a municipal company, the article contributes to previous literature on collaborative ways of organizing and managing complex public challenges. With a focus on the discursive construction of shared responsibility, the concept of in-here-ness is introduced to denote accepted and assumed responsibility, which may shift through the use of pronouns: from a narrow ‘I’ or ‘we’ of stakeholders to a wider ‘we’ of collaborating parties. The article further contributes to the empirical field of sustainable development at the municipal level.

  • 29.
    Ahmed, Abdi Shakur
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Abdullahi, Hanad
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hantering av rivningsavfall vid större renoveringsprojekt: NCC, Projekt Kv. Linsen och Kv. Lövet. Renovering av hyresrätter i Falkenberg2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to study the management of demolition waste in construction production in a major renovation project while proposing different improvement possibilities. Method: In this study the chosen method was literature study and a case study that was compared to a reference object. Furthermore, in the case study an interview was arranged with the site manager and a survey was conducted with a portion of the workers that were involved in this project. Results: The results show how NCC is intended to work efficiently and calculatedly when preparing a project. Furthermore, the results show the factors that have affected the project both directly and indirectly. In addition, some suggestions for improvement to achieve a smaller amount of waste are proposed. Conclusions: The conclusion is that NCC follows their guidelines for how to achieve sustainable demolition. In this project, they came in late, which meant that they did not fully succeed in planning well for the project. However, regarding the spontaneous measures that needed to be carried out, they received an acceptable amount of waste.

  • 30.
    Ahmed Ali, Nawal
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Östlund, Andreas
    Ledarens kommunikation under Covid-19: En kvalitativ studie om ledarens påverkan av distansarbete och digital kommunikation2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Hur har ledarens kommunikation förändrats under Covid-19 och det ökade distansarbete?  På vilket sätt har den förändring som skett av Covid-19-pandemin påverkat ledarskapet? 

    Syfte: Studiens syfte är att undersöka om ledarens kommunikation har förändrats vid distansarbete under och efter Covid-19-pandemin. Studien strävar efter en bredare förståelse för vilka möjligheter och utmaningar ledaren bemöter med sitt ledarskap när kommunikationen endast sker via digitala verktyg. 

    Metod: Kvalitativ metod med intervju av sju ledare. Materialet analyserades genom en tematisk analysmetod.

    Slutsats: Resultatet visar hur kommunikationen har förändrats genom att ledare behöver implementera nya sätt att leda. Det visar hur kommunikationen har olika förmågor att fungera digitalt vid olika tillfällen och att bilda nya relationer digitalt är svårare. Det visar också hur Covid-19-pandemin har skyndat på den tekniska utvecklingen och implementerings hastigheten. Det visar också att det finns möjligheter för hybrid arbete där vissa delar av kommunikationen kan ske digitalt

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  • 31.
    Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Andersson, Peter
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Andersson, Tim
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Tomas Aparicio, Elena
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi. Mälarenergi AB, Sweden.
    Baaz, Hampus
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Barua, Shaibal
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system. RISE SICS Västerås, Sweden.
    Bergström, Albert
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Bengtsson, Daniel
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för innovation, design och teknik, Inbyggda system.
    Orisio, Daniele
    State Inst Higher Educ Guglielmo Marconi, Dalmine, Italy..
    Skvaril, Jan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Zambrano, Jesus
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    A Machine Learning Approach for Biomass Characterization2019Ingår i: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, s. 1279-1287Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to apply and evaluate different chemometric approaches employing several machine learning techniques in order to characterize the moisture content in biomass from data obtained by Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The approaches include three main parts: a) data pre-processing, b) wavelength selection and c) development of a regression model enabling moisture content measurement. Standard Normal Variate (SNV), Multiplicative Scatter Correction and Savitzky-Golay first (SGi) and second (SG2) derivatives and its combinations were applied for data pre-processing. Genetic algorithm (GA) and iterative PLS (iPLS) were used for wavelength selection. Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Gaussian Process Regression (GPR), Support Vector Regression (SVR) and traditional Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, were employed as machine learning regression methods. Results shows that SNV combined with SG1 first derivative performs the best in data pre-processing. The GA is the most effective methods for variable selection and GPR achieved a high accuracy in regression modeling while having low demands on computation time. Overall, the machine learning techniques demonstrate a great potential to be used in future NIR spectroscopy applications.

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    fulltext
  • 32.
    Ahmedi, Fareed
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Al Salhi, Mustafa
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Huynh, Felix
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    The effects of servicescape on customer satisfaction and possible implications on customer retention within movie theater industry2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Research questions: How does the servicescape in movie theaters, with a particular focus on SF Bio Västerås, influence customer satisfaction and retention, and what are the perceived quality and challenges associated with its implementation?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore how movie theaters, such as SF Bio Västerås, use servicescape to influence customer service experience. The study aims to investigate the customers' perceived quality of movie theater servicescape and its impact on customer satisfaction and retention. The research will also examine the potential challenges and trade-offs associated with implementing servicescape strategies in the movie theater industry.

    Methodology: This study employed a mixed-methods research approach, combining qualitative and quantitative methods to investigate movie theaters, with a specific focus on SF Bio Västerås. A cross-sectional design was used to collect data from multiple cases at a single point in time. Primary data collection included an email interview with the management of SF Bio Västerås and two surveys targeting customers and the general public. Secondary data were gathered to gain insight into movie theaters across Sweden and compare the primary data from SF Bio Västerås to the national context. Theoretical data were collected from academic journals, books, news articles, and websites to address servicescape and potential challenges facing movie theaters. Data analysis was conducted through consensus on data interpretation and data-triangulation. Ethical considerations, such as anonymity and permission, were taken into account throughout the research process to ensure a responsible and respectful study.

    Findings: This thesis presents findings from two surveys and an email interview with the director and assistant director of SF Bio Västerås, focusing on the importance of servicescape in the movie theater industry. The interviewees emphasize the significance of servicescape in enhancing customer experience and differentiating themselves from competitors like Netflix. Primary data from the surveys indicate that maintaining a clean, comfortable, and functional servicescape, as well as effective employee interactions, are critical to customer satisfaction. Both surveys underscore the importance of managing disruptions and carefully considering the content and duration of commercials and the quality of 3D movies. By understanding and addressing these key factors, cinema operators can optimize the overall customer experience, fostering satisfaction, loyalty, and repeat business, ultimately contributing to the ongoing success and growth of their enterprise.

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    SF Bio Servicescape - bachelor thesis
  • 33.
    Ajji, Muhammad Tareq
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    CSR AND PURCHASE BEHAVIOUR: A Quantitative Study on The Impact of Various CSR Dimensions on Customer Purchase Behaviour2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    abstract 

    Date:                                                           [2023-01-04]

    Level:                                                         Bachelor/Master thesis in Business Administration, 15 cr 

    Institution:                                             School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University 

    Authors:                                                   Muhammad Tareq Ajji                         

                                                                            (97/01/30)                             

    Title:                                                            CSR and Purchase Behaviour- A Quantitative Study on The Impact of      various CSR Dimensions on Customer Purchase Behaviour

    Supervisor:                                             Ali Farashah 

    Keywords:                                                CSR dimensions, Legal CSR, Ethical CSR, Environmental CSR, Social CSR, Purchase Behaviour

    Research questions                                              1- What kind of impact do different dimensions of CSR activities (Legal, Ethical, Environmental, and Social) have on customers’ purchase behaviour in car & IT industries? 

    2- Which of the dimensions is the most effective? 

    3- Is the pattern the same between these two types of industries?

     

    Purpose:                                                    This paper focuses on the car & IT industries. The primary goal is to examine the effect of various CSR dimensions on customer purchase behavior. The sub-goals are to identify the most effective dimension and to see if there are differences between industries.   

    Method:                                                     CSR dimensions’ effect on the car & IT industries were utilized as the empirical context. The research adopts the quantitative approach, and the primary data was gathered via a questionnaire that was distributed to customers.

    Conclusion:                                             As for the car industry, results show that Ethical and environmental dimensions have a positive effect. The Legal and social did not have a positive effect on customer purchase behaviour. The results for the IT industry shows that all dimensions have positive effects on purchase behaviour, except the Legal one. The ethical dimension was the most effective on both industries, and differences regarding the dimensions’ effect were found.    

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    Muhammad Tareq Ajji - CSR AND PURCHASE BEHAVIOUR
  • 34.
    Akarsu, Alexandru
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Tsehaye, Amanet
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Naaman, Andreas
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Etnisk mångfald inom visuell kommunikation: Hur representation eller exkludering av etnisk mångfald i visuell kommunikation påverkar konsumenters köpintention samt varumärkesattityd2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 35.
    Akay, Alpaslan
    et al.
    Univ Gothenburg, Dept Econ, Gothenburg, Sweden.;Univ Antonio Nebrija, Madrid, Spain..
    Savsin, Selen
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Industriell ekonomi och organisation. Örebro Univ, Business Sch, Örebro, Sweden..
    Offshoring and well-being of workers2022Ingår i: Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, E-ISSN 1879-1751, Vol. 200, s. 388-407Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Using long panels of industry-specific offshoring information and subjectively reported well-being datasets mainly from Germany, which is also supported by datasets from the UK and Australia, this paper aims to investigate the relationship between offshoring and workers' subjective well-being in the source country. We employ panel data fixed-effects models with time-variant personality measures and industry-specific measures to alleviate the bias stemming from the non-random sorting of individuals in industries. Our findings suggest that offshoring negatively relates to workers' subjective well-being. The result is unexceptionally consistent across Germany, the UK, and Australia, and the effect is larger in business services and among high-skilled workers. We extensively discuss how contextual "fear-factors" prevailing in the source countries interact with the angst generated by the negative framing of offshoring. To single out such angst, we first show that objective and subjective job security concerns, job characteristics, and labor market conditions only marginally relate to the well-being effect of offshoring. Then, we investigate how the effect of offshoring on well-being is amplified by a larger set of contextual factors pertaining to temporary economic shocks, negative narratives about offshoring during electoral cycles, partisan political preferences, and high immigration rates. Finally, we show that a recent skill upgrade significantly diminishes the negative effect of offshoring on well-being.

  • 36.
    Akbari, Keramatollah
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Mahmoudi, Jafar
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Öman, Robert
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Simulation of ventilation effects on indoor radon in a detached house2012Ingår i: WSEAS Transactions on Fluid Mechanics, ISSN 1790-5087, Vol. 7, nr 4, s. 146-155Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    CFD is widely used in indoor air quality, air flow pattern, indoor pollutant distribution and thermal comfort as a cost effective and powerful tool and it can be used to predict, estimate and visualize the indoor radon level. The intention of this article is to use computational fluid dynamics (CFD), as a standalone tool to simulate indoor radon distribution and ventilation effects. This technique can be used to predict and visualize radon content and indoor air quality throughout a one family detached house in Stockholm. In this study a mechanical balanced ventilation system and a continuous radon monitor (CRM) were also used to measure the indoor ventilation rate and radon levels. In numerical approach the FLUENT, CFD package was used to simulate radon entry into the building and ventilation effects. Results of numerical study indicated that indoor pressure made by means of ventilation systems and infiltration through door or window has significant effects on indoor radon content. It is observed that the location of vents can affect the indoor radon level, particularly in breathing (seating) zone. The analytic solution is used to validate numeric results at 3 distinct air change rates. The comparison amongst analytical, numerical and measurement results shows close agreement.

  • 37.
    Akbari, Keramatollah
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Öman, Robert
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling. Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Impacts of heat recovery ventilators on energy savings and indoor radon in a Swedish detached house2013Ingår i: WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN 1790-5079, Vol. 9, nr 1, s. 24-34Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Heat recovery ventilation systems, because of reducing ventilation loss through recovered exhaust air, can play a good role in the effectiveness of ventilation to reduce energy use. In this paper, the impact of a heat recovery ventilator (HRV) on the energy use and indoor radon in residential buildings is investigated. This paper describes the effects of a heat recovery ventilation system on energy consumption in a detached house in Stockholm, Sweden. The performance of the heat recovery ventilation system is examined with respect to radon mitigation and energy saving by measuring the radon concentration and analyzing the life cycle cost of a heat exchanger unit. In this study, a multizone model of a detached house is developed in IDA Indoor Climate and Energy (IDA ICE 4.0). The model is validated using measurements regarding use of energy for heating, ventilation and whole energy use. The results of the measurements and dynamic simulation showed that heat recovery ventilation system 74% energy savings of the ventilation loss, amounted about 30 kWh.m-2 per year. Life cycle cost analysis used for assessing total costs and the result showed that using this system is quite cost-effective and investment would payback during 12 years.

  • 38.
    Akbari, Keramatollah
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Öman, Robert
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik. Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Impacts of heat recovery ventilators on energy savings and indoor radon level2013Ingår i: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 24, nr 5, s. 682-694Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This paper aims to investigate the impact of heat recovery ventilators (HRVs) on the energy use and indoor radon in a one family detached house. Heat recovery ventilation systems, because of reducing ventilation loss through recovered exhaust air, can play a good role in the effectiveness of ventilation to reduce energy use. In addition HRVs can maintain pressure balance and outdoor ventilation rate at a required level to mitigate indoor radon level. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, a multizone model of a detached house is developed in IDA Indoor Climate and Energy (IDA ICE 4.0). The model is validated using measurements regarding use of energy for heating, ventilation and whole energy use. The performance of the heat recovery ventilation system is examined with respect to radon mitigation and energy saving by measuring the radon concentration and analyzing the life cycle cost of a heat exchanger unit. Findings: The results of the measurements and dynamic simulation showed that the heat recovery ventilation system could lead to 74 per cent energy savings of the ventilation loss, amounting to about 30 kWh m-2 per year. Life cycle cost analysis used for assessing total costs and the result showed that using this system is quite cost-effective and investment would payback during 12 years. Research limitations/implications: Limitations of this study generally refer to radon measurement and simulation because of radon complex behavior and its high fluctuations even during short periods of time. Practical implications: Heat recovery ventilation systems with reducing radon concentration improve indoor air quality and decrease environmental problems with energy savings. Social implications: Using balanced heat recovery ventilation can have benefits from the viewpoint of environmental impacts and household economy. Originality/value: Employment of a heat recovery unit to control indoor radon level is a new usage of this technology which along with energy savings can improve sustainable development.

  • 39.
    Akbari, Keramatollah
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Öman, Robert
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Radon Mitigation using Heat Recovery Ventilation system in a Swedish Detached House2013Ingår i: WSEAS Transactions on Environment and Development, ISSN 1790-5079, Vol. 8, nr 3, s. 73-82Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Balanced ventilation with heat recovery has strong effects on radon mitigation and energy saving in residential buildings. This new technology enables improvement of both indoor air quality and energy efficiency without sacrificing either. Reducing radon by means of forced ventilation requires an increase in outdoor supplied air (i.e. ventilation rate), which in turn can increase energy use. Energy losses in ventilation systems are inevitable, but new technologies such as heat recovery systems make it possible to recover most of this ventilation heat loss. Heat recovery ventilation systems, which recover energy from exhaust air, can significantly reduce ventilation losses, and balancing the indoor air pressure plays a positive role in the effectiveness of ventilation to reduce and mitigate radon levels and control indoor air quality. This paper describes a case study which considers the effects of a heat recovery ventilation system on the radon concentration and energy consumption in a detached house in Stockholm, Sweden. The performance of the heat recovery ventilation system is examined with respect to radon mitigation and energy saving by measuring the radon concentration and analyzing the life cycle cost in winter. The results of the measurements and dynamic simulation showed that a heat recovery ventilation system was able to reduce the radon level from around 600 Bq.m-3 to below 100 Bq.m-3 and reduce energy loss from ventilation by 80%, equivalent to around 3500 kWh per year. The results of life cycle cost analysis used to assess total costs showed that this system is cost-effective and investment would pay for itself in 12 years. It should be noted that this saving is a representative sample, and that actual savings would be influenced by a large number of factors. IDA 4.0 Indoor Climate and Energy software was used to perform the dynamic simulations.

  • 40.
    Akel Hasan, A.
    et al.
    Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering Department, Birzeit University, Palestine.
    Juaidi, A.
    Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
    Abdallah, R.
    Mechanical & Mechatronics Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering & Information Technology, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine.
    Salameh, T.
    Department of Sustainable and Renewable Energy Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
    Ayadi, O.
    Mechanical Engineering Department, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan.
    Jaradat, M.
    Energy Engineering Department, German Jordanian University, Amman, Jordan.
    Emad Hammad, R.
    Environmental and Renewable Energy Engineering, German Jordanian University, Jordan.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, Framtidens energi.
    Afif Aqel, O.
    Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, City, University of London, Northampton Square, London, United Kingdom.
    A review of solar thermal cooling technologies in selected Middle East and North African countries2022Ingår i: Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, ISSN 2213-1388, E-ISSN 2213-1396, Vol. 54, artikel-id 102871Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooling loads are a substantial part of the total electricity demands of countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). Fortunately, because of its warm and sunny climate, the MENA region is naturally suited to solar cooling technologies. This article summarizes the most recent research and developments in solar thermal cooling technologies. The working principles and a general literature survey of solar thermal cooling technologies including absorption, adsorption, and desiccant is presented. This is followed by a summary of the literature specific to the MENA region, along with a survey of the prototypes and commercial installation of solar cooling across the MENA region. Based on this review, pilot solar cooling projects in the region are around 1180 kWc, which are split between space conditioning and industrial refrigeration applications. Most of the pilot projects are of absorption cooling type using an ammonia–water binary cycle and parabolic trough solar collectors. However, a few adsorption cooling systems are employed with a water–silica working pair and flat plate collectors. Finally, desiccant cooling systems are still in their infancy, as research and experimental systems in educational institutes.

  • 41.
    Akhlaqi, David
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Hybrida stomsystem för Flervåningshus: Sammansättning av trä och betong i stomsystem ur stabilitet och koldioxidutsläpp2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Ninety percent of all single-family houses and smaller residential buildings in Sweden are built with timber frames. Though, this figure is different for higher buildings, about twenty percent in timber frames and eighty percent in concrete and steel. However, the knowledge and experience about tall timber houses is limited today and it needs to be developed over the time, both technically and architecturally. Purpose: The wood has a lower E-module than concrete and steel, which cause an additional problem in high-rise buildings of more than eight floors, stability. The measures for this problem can be costly and reduce the living space of the building due to large dimensions of the wooden structure. This project work is based on the challenges that exist around the construction of tall wooden buildings and tries to present a beneficial hybrid solution for the construction of tall houses in wood and concrete. Method: The study object is a multi-story building on ten floors where wood is used in combination with concrete for the frame system. The vertical loads such as self-weight, payload and snow load are carried by the wooden frame. On the other hand, concrete has the task of taking care of the horizontal forces caused by wind loads. The frame system is dimensioned according to the Eurocodes and standard dimensions to ensure the load-bearing capacity of the building. Results: The result reports that two concrete cores in the hybrid building absorb all horizontal forces and loads down to the foundation. These cores can also be used as stair/elevator shafts and will not affect the building's living area. A timber-concrete composite with a thickness of 300 mm, replaced the wooden composite which normally reaches a thickness of 400 to 500 mm. This means a height gain of one to two meters. The columns will get smaller dimensions because of the cores and give more living space. The concrete utilization in that hybrid building decreases by 57 percent, which is a large saving from an environmental perspective. In addition, life cycle analysis, LCA shows that carbon dioxide equivalents, CO2e are 43 percent less in the hybrid framework. Conclusion: The hybrid multi-stories houses of concrete and wood can be a useful alternative for increasing construction of wooden houses. A concrete core in the middle of building helps the construction to become more stable and the swaying due to wind loads be minimized. Furthermore, the columns can have smaller dimensions, which increases the living space in the building. The timber-concrete composite gives the building more weight and solves the step sound problem that arises due to low E-module on the wooden flooring. Additionally, the height of the building decreases, which in turn leads to buildings being able to have more stories and more living space. Moreover, through hybrid solutions in buildings, the environmental benefits of wood can be utilized to build environmentally friendly buildings. The ten-stories hybrid framework in this study, saves 43 percent CO2e compared to the corresponding framework in concrete. 

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    Hybrida stomsystem
  • 42.
    Akhras, Samir
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Arab, Mustafa
    Yasin, Ahmed
    Grundisolering för flerbostadshus: Jämförelse av cellglas och cellplast avseende energieffektivisering, ekonomiska aspekter och miljöpåverkan2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This project compares two foundation insulation materials: cellular plastic and cellular glass. Currently, cellular plastic is the most used material for foundation insulation. While cellular glass is not widely utilized. Its disadvantage lies in its higher cost, which makes contractors prefer the cheaper alternative, cellular plastic. Cellular glass exhibits exceptional properties, including its notable attributes of high load-bearing capacity and superior moisture resistance. The aim of this study is to demonstrate how material savings can be achieved by using cellular glass instead of cellular plastic in the load-bearing parts of the foundation. In addition to cost savings, the study also includes the analysis of carbon dioxide emissions during the production of these materials and specific heat losses through the material. Method: To facilitate understanding of the study, two different buildings were visualized: a two-story building and a seven-story building. The choice of different building sizes aimed to investigate how different loads on foundation insulation affect insulation material costs, carbon dioxide emissions, and the heating requirements of the buildings. Revit and AutoCAD were used for modelling and visualization. Flixo and manual calculations were employed for energy calculations, while manual calculations were used for structural calculations. One Click LCA Software was used to determine the carbon dioxide emissions for the different foundation insulation scenarios. Results: The study suggests that for buildings with lighter loads, cellular plastic is a cost-effective choice, while a hybrid insulation approach combining cellular glass and cellular plastic is the best option considering environmental factors. However, for buildings with higher loads, cellular glass outperforms cellular plastic both in terms of economics and the environment. Nonetheless, a combination of cellular glass and cellular plastic remains the most favourable choice among the three scenarios, as energy losses are approximately the same due to the similar thermal conductivity values of these materials. Conclusion: Hybrid insulation proves to be the most advantageous option in terms of both the environment and economics for both types of buildings studied: the two-story residential building and the seven-story residential building. By using cellular glass F for the load-bearing structures and cellular plastic EPS S60 for the ground slab, effective insulation is achieved. The use of cellular glass F results in material savings, such as cellular plastic XPS 700, which has half the load-bearing capacity of cellular glass F. Additionally, reducing the use of extra concrete for load-bearing foundation constructions decreases the load on the foundation insulation material. 

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    Grundisolering för flerbostadshus
  • 43.
    Al Hallak, Ferial Kays
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Elmohdar, Zeid
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    University Students' Attitudes to Shopping Smartphones in Sweden: Factors that influence university students in Sweden to purchase a smartphone2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Date: 2022- 06 - 02

    Level: Master thesis in Business Administration, 15 cr

    Institution: School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors: Ferial Kays Al Hallak Elmohdar Zeid

    Title: University Students' Attitudes to Shopping Smartphones in Sweden: Factors that influence University students in Sweden to purchase asmartphone

    Supervisor: Edward Gillmore

    Keywords: Smartphones, purchase intent, university students, word of mouth,e-word of mouth, brand image, product features, consumer behavior

    Research questions: - What factors influence university students’ purchase intent for smartphones?- How do demographic factors impact the attitude of universitystudents when purchasing smartphones?

    Purpose: The purpose of the study is to look into and research what leadingfactors and characteristics that influence university students to buy asmartphone by analyzing their shopping behavior.

    Method: This research is studied from a quantitative perspective. An online survey wascreated and distributed to university students in Sweden as part of a Master'sthesis in the International Marketing program conducted by two Mälardalenuniversity students. The questionnaire is written in English and consists of 16statements divided into five categories that represent independent anddependent variables.

    Conclusion: Results indicate that factors such as Social influence, Social marketing, Brandimage, and Product features do not visibly affect university students' purchaseintentions. The age factor plays a vital role in affecting purchase intention,Additionally, students from various nationalities have a variety of backgroundsand beliefs that influence their purchasing decisions.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 44.
    Al Masudi, Sandra
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Baraq, Ghada
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Aho, Jenny
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Bristande kunskaper inom hållbarhetsredovisning bland studenter och nyexaminerade: En kvantitativ undersökning om behovet av en förbättrad ekonomiutbildning2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med arbetet är att undersöka vilken uppfattning ekonomistudenter och nyexaminerade ekonomer har om hållbarhetsredovisning. Vidare kommer studien att belysa de kunskaper och kompetenser som ekonomistudenterna och nyexaminerade ekonomer har gällande hållbarhetsrapportering. Utöver det ska studien belysa vilka attityder studerande samt nyexaminerade ekonomer har gentemot hållbarhetsredovisning. Studien kommer att begränsas till studenter som läser och nyligen läst redovisning inom universitet samt högskolor.

    Metod: Denna studie utgår från en kvantitativ forskningsmetod där 50 respondenter har besvarat en rad enkätfrågor för att mäta deras kunskapsnivå och attityder gentemot hållbarhetsredovisning.

    Slutsats: Utifrån studiens resultat kan det konstanternas att majoriteten av studenter och nyexaminerade har en positiv attityd till en förändring i läroplanen där hållbarhetsredovisning bör belysas i en högre grad. Dessutom är det uppenbart att studenter saknar kunskaper i ämnet på grund av bristande utbildning i hållbarhetsredovisning.

    Ladda ner fulltext (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 45.
    Al matar, Leen
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Taleb, Mohamad
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Abdalnour, Geolle
    Optimalt antal stagade spann som krävs för att stomstabilisera en stålkonstruktion: Jämförelse av olika modeller för att hitta den optimala lösningen2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (högskoleexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The horizontal stabilization of a building is of great importance in the design of its structural system. Insufficient counteraction of horizontal loads can lead to problems where columns and beams deflect more than the allowable margins. One common horizontal load arises from wind hitting an exterior wall. In this study, four bracing types were analyzed using software to evaluate and compare them, taking various factors into account. The building upon which the study is based is an industrial four-story structure located in Västerås. The building is designed with hinged column bases, which require a stabilization system to maintain its stability. This study aimed to determine the optimal solution for the stabilization system by comparing multiple proposals (X, V, inverted V, and diagonal) considering all factors that significantly influence stabilization. The different proposals were compared in terms of material usage, horizontal displacement, and the number of spans required for steel bracing. Method: Hand calculations were used in this report to design various structural components such as columns, beams, and bracing, which were compared with FEM (Finite Element Method) designs. Additionally, different perspectives were considered within the relevant subject framework, including steel properties, general loads, characteristics, and descriptions of the examined models. Results: After conducting the calculations, it was found that the optimal number of spans required for bracing the industrial steel structure was 32 diagonal braces, placed in the outermost bays on all sides of the building at each floor. This proposal resulted in reduced material usage with a secure horizontal displacement, ensuring stability and durability of the building. Conclusions: In conclusion, this report provides a deep understanding of the importance of stability in buildings, especially when it comes to the safety of occupants and the structural integrity of the building. Proposal 1 has likely met the requirements based on all the calculations and analyzed models that have been conducted, and therefore, diagonal bracing has been chosen as the optimized solution.

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    OPTIMALT ANTAL STAGADE SPANN SOM KRÄVS FÖR ATT STOMSTABILISERA EN STÅLKONSTRUKTION
  • 46.
    Al Saadie, Ali
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Amin, Las
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Blockchain - Den optimala framtiden av logistik: En explorativ studie om hur en implementering av blockchain inom logistik kan drivas ochpotentiella utmaningar utifrån ett organisatoriskt perspektiv2023Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning 

    Date:   2023-05-29

    Nivå:   Magisteruppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 Hp

    Institution:  Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalens Universitet

    Författare:  Ali Al-Saadie 94/04/27 & Las Amin, 97/10/21

    Titel:   Blockchain - Den optimala framtiden av logistik

    Handledare:  Dariusz Osowski

    Nyckelbegrepp: Logistik, Blockchain, Teknologi, Effektivisering, Utmaningar, Technochange

    Frågeställning: 

    1. Vilka faktorer har en betydande inverkan på teknologisk utveckling inom logistikbranschen?

    2. Vilka är de potentiella möjligheterna och utmaningarna med att implementera blockchain-teknik i logistik? 

    Syfte:  Syftet med denna studie är att bidra till förståelsen av det pågående teknologiska utvecklingsarbetet inom logistikbranschen med fokus på blockchain, samt de organisatoriska faktorer som behövs för att kunna underlätta en sådan implementering. Genom en flerfallstudie så ska detta arbete studera och bidra med implikationer för både möjligheter och utmaningar i en potentiell implementering av blockchain. 

    Metod: En kvalitativ studie har genomförts med 7 semistrukturerade intervjuer från 6 olika organisationer. Det empiriska materialet har analyserats utifrån en tematisk analys. 

    Slutsats: Den ständigt föränderliga dynamiken av logistikbranschen har gjort att företagen är i konstant behov av teknologisk förändring. Denna studie visar att Blockchain är en möjlig lösning för att hjälpa logistikföretag att effektivisera sina arbetsprocesser. Däremot kräver framgångsrik implementering av sådana storskaliga teknologiska förändringar att logistikföretagen tar hänsyn till den inverkan som en möjlig implementering har på organisationen och dess struktur. För att det ska vara framgångsrikt visar studien att det kräver upplärning och inkludering av hela organisationen i förändringsprocessen.

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    fulltext
  • 47.
    Albadri, Simon
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Al-Nuaimi, Hassan
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Chefens roll i att främja motivation på arbetsplatsen: En analys av ledarskapsstilar och belöningssystem2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 180 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract                                                                                          

    Date:         [2023-05-23]                      

    Level: Bachelor/Master thesis in Business Administration 15 cr

    Institution: School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalens University

    SAMMANFATTNING

    Datum:                          [2023-05-23]

    Nivå:                              Kandidat/Magisteruppsats Företagsekonomi, 15 hp

    Akademi:                      Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalens universitet

    Författare:                    Albadri Simon                            Al-Nuaimi Hasan

    (00/05/04)                         (99/09/14) 

    Titel:                              Chefens roll i att främja motivation på arbetsplatsen.

    Handledare:                 Magnus Lindström

    Nyckelord:                    Motivation, prestation, ledarskapsstilar, belöningssystem

    Forskningsfråga/or:    Hur påverkar relationen mellan chef och medarbetare motivationen på arbetsplatsen, och vilken roll har ledarskapsstilar och belöningssystem i främjandet av motivation på arbetsplatser?

    Syftet med uppsatsen är att undersöka och analysera hur relationen mellan chef och medarbetare påverkar motivationen på arbetsplatsen och hur ledarskapsstilar och belöningssystem kan ha en roll i främjandet av motivation. Genom att undersöka dessa faktorer kan denna uppsats bidra till en ökad förståelse för hur organisationer kan skapa en miljö där medarbetarna känner sig motiverade och engagerade, vilket i sin tur kan leda till ökad prestation och framgång för organisationen

    Metod:  Denna studie har använt en kvalitativ forskningsmetod, fallstudie  och empirin har samlats in genom semistrukturerade intervjuer.

    Slutsats: Denna kandidatuppsats konstaterar att chef-medarbetarrelationen har en betydande påverkan på arbetsplatsens motivation. Genom att tillfredsställa de grundläggande psykologiska behoven hos medarbetare, som autonomi och kompetens, kan chefer främja motivation och engagemang. Demokratiskt ledarskap visar sig främja motivationen, medan auktoritär ledarskapsstil kan minska den. Motiverade medarbetare är mer engagerade och tar ansvar, vilket leder till ökad effektivitet och framgång för organisationen. Anpassade motivationsmetoder och belöningssystem, baserade på individuella preferenser, kan främja motivationen.

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  • 48.
    Albinsson, Ellinor
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Engström, Emilia
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Alvaro, Natasha
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Vad påverkar föräldrars köpintentioner online?: En kvantitativ studie om konsumenters köpintentioner online vid köp av babyprodukter.2022Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (kandidatexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [sv]

    Datum: 2022-06-02            

    Nivå: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 hp

    Akademi:  Akademin för Ekonomi, Samhälle och Teknik, Mälardalens Universitet Västerås Författare: Albinsson Ellinor (98/06/27) Alvaro Natasha (99/09/24)   Engström Emilia  (98/06/20)

    Handledare: Mostaghel Rana

    Titel: Vad påverkar föräldrars köpintentioner online?

    Frågeställning: Vilka faktorer påverkar konsumenters köpintentioner online vid köp av babyprodukter?

    Syfte: Syftet med denna uppsats är att undersöka konsumenters köpintentioner online vid   köp av babyprodukter. Fortsättningsvis, vilka bakomliggande faktorer som ligger till grund för konsumenters köpintentioner online.  

    Metod: Studien använder sig av en kvantitativ forskningsansats med en datainsamling som skedde i form av en enkätundersökning. Den kvantitativa datan samlades in med ett resultat av 304 respondenter, därefter räknat bortfall blev dem giltiga svaren 226. Enkäten besvarades av föräldrar som antingen väntade eller redan har barn i åldersspannet 0–5 år. Enkätsvaren analyserades sedan i det statistiska dataprogrammet SPSS där en korrelationsanalys, deskriptiv analys samt statistik genomfördes.  

    Slutsats: Författarna kan med denna studie konstatera att resultaten som framkommit har bidragit med en unik förståelse för vad målgruppen anser som värdefullt. Det framkom bland annat hur mängden av detaljerad information kan fastställa produktens förtroende för respondenterna. Därutöver, kan författarna fastställa hur variablerna förtroende, upplevt värde och informationsutbyte påverkar existerande och blivande föräldrars köpintentioner online. Resultatet av denna unika empiriska studie har även hittat hög känslighet på hur konsumenter kan lita på eller inte lita på produkter. tillför ny kunskap och information som ökar förståelsen kring ämnet köpintentioner online. Uppsatsen kommer gynnas av företag som säljer babyprodukter, mer specifikt nappar och nappflaskor.  Nyckelord: Köpintention, Förtroende, Influencer Marketing, eWOM, Marknadsmixen, Köpbeteende, Upplevda Värdet. 

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  • 49.
    Al-Dabbagh, Lara
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Noel, Miriam
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Matti, Fadi
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    TILLGÄNGLIGHET I KULTURHISTORISKA BYGGNADER: En fallstudie om Hospitalsgatan, Långgatan och Kyrkogatan med fokus på kulturvärdet, säkerhetsrisker och tekniska åtgärder för ramp, hiss och dörr i Strängnäs kommun2023Självständigt arbete på grundnivå (yrkesexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to assess the three cultural historical buildings located in the municipality of Strängnäs, that doesn’t meet the accessibility requirements currently.  Therefore, the aim is to suggest solutions for each three buildings that could be useful to different authorities in the future. The focus is on wheelchair users using the buildings with the help of technical installations such as ramp, elevators, and accessible doors. The study will be based on the social-, historical-, and aesthetic aspect as well as the safety risk. Method: The method for this study is based on a literature study, and a case study, alongside with reference objects which will be the inspiration for our results. The literature study is based on fact-gathering from books and the internet which provides the study with information on cultural historical buildings, laws and regulations concerning the private buildings, cultural values, and with various safety risks. While the reference objects inspired our proposals for the measures, the case study was used to gather information in form of an interview, site visits, and communal document analysis. Results: The result of thisstudy provides measures for each of the three studied objects. Changes made to the first building, Hospitalsgatan 15, focuses on the side entrance with a ground slope pointing down towards it. Thereby the following indoor changes presents threshold ramp, and a stairlift. For the secondary building, Långgatan 9 E-F, there was suggestions made such as using an outer ramp with an idle plan. There should also be an indoor loose ramp, and a stairlift. The third building, Kyrkogatan 13, had suggestions by installing an outdoor platform lift with an adjusted idle plan in front of the outer stairs and threshold ramp. In comparison to the first mentioned building, the focus for the last two buildings were on the main entrance. All these measures were considered to reach an accessibility in cultural historical building while also keeping in mind the cultural value of the building and its safety risks. Conclusions: The study concludes that the social-, historical-, and aesthetic aspect as well as the safety risk works a crucial role in shaping the proposed solutions for the three buildings and contributes to the accessibility improvements. By adopting appropriate technical installations and considering the cultural significance of these structures, accessibility in cultural historical buildings can be achieved effectively. 

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    Tillgänglighet i kulturhistoriska byggnader
  • 50.
    Al-Fattal, Zeineb
    et al.
    Mälardalens universitet, Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik.
    Aldebe, Amara
    Mälardalens universitet.
    The influence of third-party online reviews on consumers’ online purchase intention for skincare2022Självständigt arbete på avancerad nivå (magisterexamen), 10 poäng / 15 hpStudentuppsats (Examensarbete)
    Abstract [en]

     This study aims to gain a deeper understanding and knowledge about the influence in which third-party online reviews have on consumers’ online purchase intention for skincare products during the implemented restrictions during COVID-19. The study is conducted using a quantitative research method by distributing an online questionnaire. A deductive approach was chosen in order to examine the influence of the independent variable on the dependent variable; third-party online reviews and online purchase intention in the context of skincare products. Simple linear regression was conducted to test the statistical significant relationship between the independent variable and the factor variable with the online purchase intention separately. The results of this study indicate that third-party online reviews have a significant influence and an impact on the consumers’ online purchase intention for skincare. Also, it was also discovered that COVID-19 restrictions had a strong effect on the dependent variable, but not necessarily as strong to influence consumers to use third-party online reviews before making an online purchase.         

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