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  • 1.
    Bälter, Katarina
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Moller, Elisabeth
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Med Epidemiol & Biostat, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Fondell, Elinor
    Harvard Univ, Sch Publ Hlth, Dept Nutr, Boston, MA 02115 USA..
    The effect of dietary guidelines on cancer risk and mortality2012In: Current Opinion in Oncology, ISSN 1040-8746, E-ISSN 1531-703X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 90-102Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose of review Dietary guidelines are important tools for educating the general public and helping health professionals promote good health and prevent chronic diet-related diseases. However, it is of major public health relevance that the effect of the guidelines per se is evaluated to make sure that they serve their purpose. The aim of this article is to review the current research on dietary guidelines and their effect on cancer risk and mortality. Recent findings Since the last 30-40 years, most industrialized countries have had dietary guidelines. The guidelines are based on thorough reviews of the current scientific evidence regarding dietary intake and health. Potential health benefits associated with good adherence to the guidelines have been evaluated in observational studies during the last 15 years, with an increase in the number of studies during the most recent years. Summary Available data on the potential association between dietary guidelines and cancer are limited and inconclusive. A meta-analysis of studies on overall cancer risk shows no protective effect for good adherence to the dietary guidelines as compared with poor adherence. However, good adherence was associated with a 21% reduced risk of colorectal cancer, and 22% reduced cancer-specific mortality.

  • 2.
    Bälter, Katarina
    et al.
    Karolinska institutet, Sweden.
    Möller, E.
    Fondell, E.
    The effect of dietary guidelines on cancer risk and mortality.2012In: Current Opinion in Oncology, ISSN 1040-8746, E-ISSN 1531-703X, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 90-102Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Dietary guidelines are important tools for educating the general public and helping health professionals promote good health and prevent chronic diet-related diseases. However, it is of major public health relevance that the effect of the guidelines per se is evaluated to make sure that they serve their purpose. The aim of this article is to review the current research on dietary guidelines and their effect on cancer risk and mortality. Since the last 30-40 years, most industrialized countries have had dietary guidelines. The guidelines are based on thorough reviews of the current scientific evidence regarding dietary intake and health. Potential health benefits associated with good adherence to the guidelines have been evaluated in observational studies during the last 15 years, with an increase in the number of studies during the most recent years. Available data on the potential association between dietary guidelines and cancer are limited and inconclusive. A meta-analysis of studies on overall cancer risk shows no protective effect for good adherence to the dietary guidelines as compared with poor adherence. However, good adherence was associated with a 21% reduced risk of colorectal cancer, and 22% reduced cancer-specific mortality.

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