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  • 1.
    Manasatchakun, Pornpun
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Boromarajonani College of Nursing Udon Thani, Udon Thani, Thailand .
    Chotiga, Pleumjit
    Boromarajonani College of Nursing Chiang Mai, Chiang Mai, Thailand.
    Hochwälder, Jacek
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Roxberg, Åsa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. School of Health and Welfare, Halmstad University, Halmstad, Sweden; VID Specialized University, Bergen, Norway .
    Sandborgh, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Asp, Margareta
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Factors Associated with Healthy Aging among Older Persons in Northeastern Thailand2016In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 31, no 4, p. 369-384Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe factors associated with perceived health and healthy aging among older people in northeastern Thailand. Thailand’s aging population is growing and facing an increasing old-age dependency ratio. Northeastern Thailand, known as Isan, is a region in which the number of older residents is projected to grow rapidly. Older people in this region are likely to confront great threats to their health and well-being. These issues require appropriate attention and actions to promote healthy aging. However, healthy aging in this region has not been studied. A cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample of 453 older people, aged 60 years or older. Participants completed the Healthy Aging Instrument (HAI) and provided relevant demographic characteristics. Mann-Whitney U tests, Kruskal-Wallis tests and multiple regression models were used to analyze the data. Through comparative analyses, significant differences in HAI scores were observed for the following factors: marital status, residential area, disability, income level, and perceived meaningfulness in life. In the multiple regression models, residential area, disability, and marital status explained 24.30 % of the variance in HAI scores. Health promotion strategies and future targeted intervention programs should consider the importance of these factors. 

  • 2.
    Söderman, Mirkka
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Malardalen Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Box 325, SE-63105 Eskilstuna, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Div Insurance Med, SE-17177 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Malardalen Univ, Sch Hlth Care & Social Welf, Box 325, SE-63105 Eskilstuna, Sweden.;Univ Skovde, Sch Hlth & Educ, Box 408, SE-54128 Skovde, Sweden..
    Sallstrom, Christina
    Karlstad Univ, Dept Hlth Sci, Fac Hlth Sci & Technol Karlstad, Sweden..
    Caring and Uncaring Encounters between Assistant Nurses and Immigrants with Dementia Symptoms in Two Group Homes in Sweden: an Observational Study2018In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 33, no 3, p. 299-317Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The total number of people with dementia symptoms is expected to double every 20years and there will also be an increase in the number of older immigrants in several countries. There are considerable deficiencies in the present knowledge of how to conduct well-functioning health care for immigrants with dementia symptoms. The aim of this study was to explore caring and uncaring encounters between assistant nurses and immigrants in two group homes for persons with dementia symptoms in Sweden: a Finnish-speaking as well as a Swedish-speaking context. In addition, this study aims to describe how caring and uncaring encounters are manifested in these two contexts according to Halldorsdottir's theory of Caring and Uncaring encounters. Method: Descriptive field notes from 30 separate observations were analyzed using qualitative deductive content analysis. Results: The main category caring encounters focused on reaching out to initiate connection through communication, removing masks of anonymity by acknowledging the unique person, acknowledgment of connection by being personal. Reaching a level of truthfulness by being present and showing respect, raising the level of solidarity by equality and true negotiation of care, based on the residents' needs. The main category, uncaring encounters, focused on disinterest in and insensitivity towards the other, coldness in the connection and lack of humanity in care situations. The observations showed that caring encounters occurred more in the Finnish-speaking context and uncaring encounters more often in the Swedish context. Conclusion: Encounters could be caring, uncaring, and carried out using a person-centered approach. Communication and relationships could be facilitated using the same language but also through learning to interpret residents' needs and desires.

  • 3.
    Söderman, Mirkka
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Rosendahl, Sirpa
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Caring for the ethnic elders living with dementia – experiences of nursing staff2016In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 31, no 3, p. 311-326Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The total number of persons living with dementia is estimated to double every 20 years and ageing migrant populations are growing in several countries. There are gaps in the health and social care of people from other countries, regardless of the efforts made when someone has a dementia diagnosis; similarly, receiving care in sheltered accommodation is less common. The aim of this study was to explore and describe the nursing staff’s experiences of caring for non-Swedish speaking persons living with dementia in a Finnish speaking group home in relation to a Swedish speaking group home in Sweden. 27 qualitative semi-structured interviews were analysed using qualitative content analyses. The first main category, “communication”, concentrated on language abilities and deficiencies, non-verbal language, highlighting the consequences of not understanding and the benefits of a common language. The second main category, “culturally oriented activities”, focused on being served traditional food, celebrating holidays at the group home, the importance of traditions and the importance of familiar music as cultural elements. The Swedish speaking nursing staff could provide qualitative and equitable care, but the challenge was greater for them than for the bilingual nursing staff who spoke the same language as the residents.

  • 4.
    Torres, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Vignette methodology and culture-relevance: Lessons learned through a project on successful aging with Iranian immigrants to Sweden2009In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 93-114Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is a well-known fact that cultural values play an important role in the construction of aging and old-age related understandings. This is why ethnogerontologists have tried to expand the gerontological imagination by arguing that research needs to become more culturally-relevant. Tapping into the values that people uphold and the understandings of aging that are shaped by them is a challenging endeavor. This is especially the case if one does not share the cultural background of the people whose values one is studying. The same holds true when one wants to shed light on understandings that mainstream social gerontology regards as deviations from the norm. It is after all relatively easy to "impose the Western template" under such circumstances. Vignette methodology has been found to be particularly useful when studying value-laden understandings. This is why it is an appropriate method to consider when designing research that aims to avoid the imposition of the Western template. This article focuses on the pros and cons of this methodology while discussing some of the lessons learned from a project that explored how the construct of successful aging is understood by a group of Iranian immigrants to Sweden. It will be argued that vignettes are particularly useful when trying to shed culturally-relevant light on aging and old age-related understandings.

  • 5.
    Wilinska, Monika
    et al.
    University of Stirling, UK.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings Universitet, Sweden.
    In Search of the Everyday Life of Older People in Japan: Reflections based on Scholarly Literature2013In: Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, ISSN 0169-3816, E-ISSN 1573-0719, ISSN 0169-3816, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 435-451Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The main objective of this paper is to critically examine discourses about old age in Japan, a country with perspectives that are culturally different from the European and American perspectives that tend to dominate the scholarly discourse on ageing. We focus our inquiry on the scientific discourse as representative of a system of knowledge that has a crucial role in determining ways of thinking and perceiving old age. Our literature review is based on a study of academic articles, within the field of gerontology, about the everyday life of older people in Japan that were published in the 10-year period between 1999 and 2009. We apply a Foucauldian gerontology perspective as our analytical tool. The results of our study indicate that there is insufficient knowledge about the everyday life of older people in Japan in gerontological research. We identify a number of discursive practices applied in various research projects that present a one-sided story of old age in Japan. In theconclusion of this paper, we identify a need for interdisciplinary and qualitative studies of old age in Japan that would include voices of older people

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