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  • 1.
    Ardalan, A.
    et al.
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden; Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Vanrooyen, M.
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States.
    Mowafi, H.
    Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, United States; Boston University, Cambridge, MA, United States.
    Nedjat, S.
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Naieni, K.H.
    Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Russel, M.
    University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Post-disaster quality of life among older survivors five years after the Bam earthquake: implications for recovery policy2011In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 179-196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Older people are among the most vulnerable in major disasters. In their aftermath, it is crucial to institute efforts that will maintain a high level of elders' quality of life (QoL). This paper presents QoL assessments of elderly survivors five years after the Bam earthquake in Iran, and evaluates the determinants. A cross-sectional analysis of 210 randomly-selected survivors was carried out in 2008 using the WHOQOL-BREF questionnaire. A comparison of the results with data on the general population showed that experiencing the earthquake may adversely affect psychological dimensions of QoL even five years after, but paradoxically the earthquake resulted in better social relationships in affected communities than in the general population. Lower QoL associated with female gender, higher age, living alone, severe earthquake-related injury, poor quality of living conditions, increased dependency in the activities of daily living, living in an urban area, and being temporarily housed. Recovery experts and donors should carry out long-term monitoring of health status and QoL in disaster-affected communities, with a focus on psychological wellbeing. Intervention programmes that emphasise post-disasterquality of care and satisfactory housing may lead to better QoL of the victims and may shorten the recovery phase.

  • 2.
    ARDALAN, ALI
    et al.
    School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden..
    KOUROSH, HOLAKOUIE NAIENI
    School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran..
    REZAIE, MOHSEN
    School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran..
    TEIMOORI, FARIBA
    Iranian Research Centre on Ageing, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    POURMALEK, FARSHAD
    Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran..
    Older people´s needs following major disasters: a qualitative study of Iranian elders´ experiences of the Bam earthquake2010In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 30, p. 11-23Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elders have long been recognised as among the most vulnerable people in disaster events. This paper reports a qualitative study of the self-perceived needs of older people in the aftermath of the Bam earthquake in Iran in 2003. A total of 56 people aged from 65 to 88 years were recruited to the study using purposive sampling, including 29 men and 27 women. Six focus group discussions and ten semi-structured individual interviews were conducted. Each focus group involved six to ten people from the cities of Bam and Baravat and their rural suburbs. Content analysis was used to analyse the transcribed data. The analysis identified four major themes among the informants' concerns: inappropriate service delivery, affronts to dignity, feeling insecure and emotional distress. A disaster-prone country like Iran needs to be appropriately prepared with culturally sensitive plans to meet the needs of those who suffer from their effects, not least older people. Emergency relief managers should note that for many older people in a disaster zone, customary forms of relief are neither required nor appropriate, and that their distinctive immediate and long-term needs should be assessed and met. Relief agencies need to be trained to be age-sensitive and should mainstream older people's rights in the planning and implementation of both the response and recovery phases of assistance.

  • 3.
    Nyberg, M.
    et al.
    Food and Meal Science and the Research Group MEAL, School of Learning andEnvironment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Olsson, V.
    Food and Meal Science and the Research Group MEAL, School of Learning anEnvironment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Örtman, G.
    Department of Chemistry andBiomedical Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Pajalic, Z.
    Department of Chemistry andBiomedical Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Andersson, H. S.
    Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Blücher, A.
    Department of Chemistry and Biomedical Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Lindborg, Ann Louise
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Wendin, K.
    Food and Meal Science and the Research Group MEAL, School of Learning andEnvironment, Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Westergren, A.
    PRO-CARE Group, School of Health and Society, Kristianstad University, Sweden.
    The meal as a performance: Food and meal practices beyond health and nutrition2018In: Ageing & Society, ISSN 0144-686X, E-ISSN 1469-1779, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 83-107Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The proportion of elderly people in the population is increasing, presenting a number of new challenges in society. The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate how elderly persons with motoric eating difficulties perceive and perform their food and meal practices in everyday life. By using Goffman's concept of performance as a theoretical framework together with Bourdieu's thinking on habitus, a deeper understanding of food and meal practices is obtained. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 elderly people (aged between 67 and 87 years) and meal observations were carried out with 11 of these people. Participants were found to manage food and meal practices by continuously adjusting and adapting to the new conditions arising as a result of eating difficulties. This was displayed by conscious planning of what to eat and when, avoiding certain foods and beverages, using simple eating aids, but also withdrawing socially during the meals. All these adjustments were important in order to be able to demonstrate proper food and meal behaviour, to maintain the facąde and to act according to the perceived norms. As well as being a pleasurable event, food and meals were also perceived in terms of being important for maintaining health and as 'fuel' where the main purpose is to sustain life. This was strongly connected to the social context and the ability to enjoy food and meals with family members and friends, which appeared to be particularly crucial due to the impending risk of failing the meal performance.

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