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  • 1.
    Peter, Larm
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.; Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Livingston, Michael
    Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden.;Univ New South Wales, Natl Drug & Alcohol Res Ctr, Sydney, NSW, Australia.;La Trobe Univ, Ctr Alcohol Policy Res, Melbourne, Vic, Australia..
    Svensson, Johan
    Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Box 70412, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Leifman, Hakan
    Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Box 70412, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Raninen, Jonas
    Swedish Council Informat Alcohol & Other Drugs CA, Box 70412, SE-10725 Stockholm, Sweden.;Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Neurosci, Stockholm, Sweden..
    The increased trend of non-drinking in adolescence: The role of parental monitoring and attitudes toward offspring drinking2018In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 37, p. S34-S41Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introductions and AimsThe proportion of adolescents who do not drink alcohol has increased during the last decade in many European countries, the USA and Australia. Few studies have addressed why this positive trend has occurred. The aim of the present study is to examine associations between parenting factors, peers' alcohol use and non-drinking among 15- to 16-year-old adolescents over time, from 2003 to 2015, and to evaluate potential gender differences. Design and MethodsData from the Swedish subsample of European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs were used. Data were available for 2003, 2007, 2011 and 2015 in nation-based samples with responses from 11531 adolescents in total. ResultsThe proportion of non-drinkers increased from 23.2% in 2003 to 48.7% in 2015. For each year, indicators of especially restrictive attitudes toward offspring drinking were robustly associated with an increased probability of non-drinking. However, neither indicators of parental monitoring nor parental attitudes toward offspring drinking were associated with the increase in the proportion of non-drinkers that occurred from 2003 to 2015. Two indicators of parental monitoring were more strongly associated with non-drinking among girls than among boys, while paternal restrictive attitudes toward offspring drinking were more strongly associated with non-drinking among boys than girls. Discussion and ConclusionsParenting characteristics are important for adolescents who do not use alcohol, which has implications for prevention strategies. However, the increased trend of non-drinkers could not be attributed to parental factors.

  • 2.
    Raninen, J.
    et al.
    Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Livingston, M.
    Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Karlsson, P.
    Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Leifman, H.
    Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Guttormsson, U.
    Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Svensson, J.
    Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    Peter, Larm
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Swedish Council for Information on Alcohol and Other Drugs (CAN), Stockholm, Sweden.
    One explanation to rule them all?: Identifying sub-groups of non-drinking Swedish ninth graders2018In: Drug and Alcohol Review, ISSN 0959-5236, E-ISSN 1465-3362, Vol. 37, p. S42-S48Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction and Aims: Researchers in a number of countries have recently identified major changes in adolescent alcohol consumption since the early 2000s, with the prevalence of teenage drinking more than halving in some countries. The major aims of the current study are to examine if there are sub-groups among non-drinking Swedish ninth graders and to describe how the prevalence of these groups has changed during the period 1999 to 2015. Design and Methods: Data from five waves of the Swedish European School Survey Project on Alcohol and other Drugs study was used. The data covered 16 years and the total sample comprised 14 976 students. Latent class analysis was used to identify sub-groups of non-drinkers (n = 4267) based on parental approval towards drinking, parental monitoring, leisure time activities, school performance and use of other substances. Results: Five latent classes were found: computer gamers (8.3%), strict parents (36.5%), liberal parents (27.0%), controlling but liberal parents (16.6%) and sports (11.6%). In the non-drinking sub-group the strict parents group increased most between 1999 and 2015. Discussion and Conclusions: The results imply that there is notable within-group diversity in non-drinking youth. Several mechanisms and explanations are thus likely to be behind the decline in drinking participation among Swedish adolescents.

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