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  • 1.
    Möllersten, Kenneth
    et al.
    International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Austria .
    Gao, Lin
    Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology. Luleå University of Technology, Sweden.
    CO2 capture in pulp and paper mills: CO2 balances and preliminary cost assessment2006In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, ISSN 1381-2386, E-ISSN 1573-1596, Vol. 11, no 5-6, p. 1129-1150Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigates overall CO2 balances of combined heat and power (CHP) plants with CO2 capture and storage (CCS) in Kraft pulp and paper mills. The CHP plants use biomass-based fuels and feature advanced gasification and combined cycle technology. Results from simple process simulations of the considered CHP plants are presented. Based on those results and taking into account the major direct and indirect changes in CO2 emissions, the study shows that implementing CCS leads to steep emission reductions. Furthermore, a preliminary cost assessment is carried out to analyse the CO2 mitigation cost and its dependence on the distance that the CO2 must be transported to injection sites.

  • 2.
    Stigson, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hansson, Anders
    Linköpings Universitet.
    Lind, M
    ZeroMission, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Obstacles for CCS deployment: An analysis of discrepancies of perceptions2012In: Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, ISSN 1381-2386, E-ISSN 1573-1596, Vol. 17, no 6, p. 601-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The potential for CO2 emission reductions through carbon capture and storage (CCS) is depending on investments that can develop the technology from its current R&D status through to commercial applications. An important intermediate step in this development is demonstration plants that can prove the economic, social, and ecological feasibility of CCS technologies and validate the associated global CO2 emission abatement potentials. Based on a CCS stakeholder questionnaire survey and a literature review, we critically analyse discrepancies regarding how obstacles and barriers to deploy demonstration plants are perceived. We identify a significant gap between CCS policies versus important deployment considerations and CCS stakeholder policy demands. This gap is exemplified and emphasised by an analysis of restructured, postponed, and cancelled CCS projects. The findings question the rationality of current CCS abatement potential estimates and deployment goals as established in scenarios and by policymakers. To bridge the gap towards proving CCS through demonstration activities, the article highlights important policy implications to establish a broad understanding of deployment obstacles. Attention to these are important for policymakers as well as for scenario builders as to evaluate measures to prove the abatement potential and hence support current focus on CCS as a key abatement potential.

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