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  • 1.
    Andersson, Henrik
    et al.
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Ullgren, Andreas
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. University of Borås, Sweden.
    Karlsson, Thomas
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Herlitz, Johan
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Wireklint Sundström, Birgitta
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Acute coronary syndrome in relation to the occurrence of associated symptoms: A quantitative study in prehospital emergency care.2017In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 33, p. 43-47Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    INTRODUCTION: Acute chest pain is a common symptom among prehospital emergency care patients. Therefore, it is crucial that ambulance nurses (ANs) have the ability to identify symptoms and assess patients suffering from acute coronary syndrome (ACS). The aim of this study is to explore the occurrence of dyspnoea and nausea and/or vomiting in the prehospital phase of a suspected ACS and the associations with patients' outcome.

    METHODS: This study has a quantitative design based on data from hospital records and from a previous interventional study (randomised controlled trial) including five Emergency Medical Service (EMS) systems in western Sweden in the years 2008-2010.

    RESULTS: In all, 1836 patients were included in the interventional study. Dyspnoea was reported in 38% and nausea and/or vomiting in 26% of patients. The risk of death within one year increased with the presence of dyspnoea. The presence of nausea and/or vomiting increased the likelihood of a final diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

    CONCLUSION: This study shows that dyspnoea, nausea and/or vomiting increase the risk of death and serious diagnosis among ACS patients. This means that dyspnoea, nausea and/or vomiting should influence the ANs' assessment and that special education in cardiovascular nursing is required.

  • 2.
    Athlin, A. Muntlin
    et al.
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden.;Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    Farrokhnia, N.
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Introduction of multi-professional teamwork: a promising approach towards a more patient-centred care in the emergency department2014In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 274-275Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Barrientos, Christian
    et al.
    Norrtälje Hospital, Sweden.
    Holmberg, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Sörmland County Council, Eskilstuna, Sweden.
    The care of patients assessed as not in need of emergency ambulance care: registered nurses' lived experiences2018In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 38, p. 10-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The aim of this study was to describe the care of patients assessed as not in need of emergency ambulance care, from Registered Nurse's lived experiences. Background: Non-emergency patients in need of ambulance care are described as vulnerable and patients in ambulance care have earlier been found to be dependent on the Registered Nurse. However, little is known about the care of non-emergency patients in the ambulance setting, from the perspective of Registered Nurses. Methods: A reflective lifeworld research design was chosen. Five Registered Nurses with experience of ambulance care were individually interviewed. Results: The result reveals the essence of the phenomenon as a desire to provide good care in an on-going struggle between one's own and others' expectations. Three meaning constituents emerged in the description; Being in a struggle between different expectations, Being in a questioned professional role, and Being in lack of support and formal directives. Conclusion: Registered Nurses' care for patients assessed as not in need of emergency ambulance care, is a complex struggle between different expectations. This may be related to the encounter between the nurse's and the patient's lifeworld.

  • 4.
    Forsberg, H. H.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Athlin, T. M.
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden; Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nurses' perceptions of multitasking in the emergency department: Effective, fun and unproblematic (at least for me) - a qualitative study2015In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 23, no 2, p. 59-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The aim was to understand how multitasking is experienced by registered nurses and how it relates to their everyday practice in the emergency department. Method: Interviews with open-ended questions were conducted with registered nurses (n = 9) working in one of two included emergency departments in Sweden. Data were analyzed using Schilling's structured model for qualitative content analysis. Results: Three core concepts related to multitasking emerged from the interviews: 'multitasking - an attractive prerequisite for ED care'; 'multitasking implies efficiency' and 'multitasking is not stressful'. From these core concepts an additional theme emerged: '. and does not cause errors - at least for me', related to patient safety. Discussion: This study shows how the patient load and the unreflected multitasking that follows relate to nurses' perceived efficiency and job satisfaction. It also shows that the relationship between multitasking and errors is perceived to be mediated by whom the actor is, and his or her level of experience. Findings from this study add value to the discourse on multitasking and the emergency department context, as few studies go beyond examining the quantitative aspect of interruptions and multitasking and how it is experienced by the staff in their everyday practice.

  • 5.
    Holmberg, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden; Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Ersta Sköndal Bräcke University College, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wahlberg, Anna Carin
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The knowledge desired by emergency medical service managers of their ambulance clinicians - A modified Delphi study2017In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 34, p. 23-28Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    AIM: The aim of the study was to identify the types of knowledge that Swedish Emergency Medical Service (EMS) managers considered desirable in their Ambulance Clinicians.

    BACKGROUND: Emergency medical service managers are responsible for organisational tasking and in this are dependent on the knowledge possessed by their ambulance clinicians. It would therefore be of value to explore EMS managers' approach to this knowledge.

    DESIGN: A modified Delphi method in three rounds.

    METHODS: In total thirty-six EMS managers participated, and twenty-four finished all three rounds. They were encouraged to rate each sub-category, and the ten with the highest mean were interdependently ranked in the final round.

    RESULTS: Five categories and twenty-six sub-categories emerged in the first round, covering knowledge related to; contextual aspects, medical and holistic assessments, formal education and organisational issues. Eventually, the sub-category 'Knowledge to assess the patient's situation from a holistic perspective' was the highest ranked, followed by 'Medical knowledge to assess and care for different diseases' and 'Knowledge to be able to care for critically ill patients'.

    CONCLUSIONS: Taken together the knowledge areas address essentially medical care, contextual aspects and nursing. The boundaries between these can sometimes be seen as elusive, calling for ambulance clinicians to balance these areas of knowledge.

  • 6.
    Hvitfeldt, H. Forsberg
    et al.
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Athlin, A. Muntlin
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden.;Univ Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia..
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Karolinska Inst, S-10401 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Multitasking in the emergency department: does it affect the registered nurses' perceptions of their everyday practice?2014In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 22, no 4, p. 258-258Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 7.
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hasson, H.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Muntlin Athlin, Å.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Efficiency in the emergency department – A complex relationship between throughput rates and staff perceptions2016In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 29, p. 15-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction It is well known that emergency departments (EDs) suffer from crowding and throughput challenges, which make the ED a challenging workplace. However, the interplay between the throughput of patients and how staff experience work is seldom studied. The aim of this study was to investigate whether staff experience of work (efficiency, work-related efforts and rewards, and quantity and quality of work) differs between days with low and high patient throughput rates. Method Throughput times were collected from electronic medical records and staff (n = 252 individuals, mainly nurses) ratings in daily questionnaires over a total of six weeks. Days were grouped into low and high throughput rate days for the orthopedic, surgical and internal medicine sections, respectively, and staff ratings were compared. Results On days with low throughput rates, employees rated their efficiency, effort, reward and quantity of work significantly higher than on days with high throughput rates. There was no difference in perceived quality of work. Conclusions There is a complex relationship between ED throughput rates and staff perceptions of efficiency and efforts/rewards with work, suggesting that whereas low throughput may be troublesome from a patient and organizational perspective, working conditions may still be perceived as more favorable. 

  • 8.
    Yuwanich, Nuttapol
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Rangsit Univ, Sch Nursing Sci, Ptumthani, Thailand..
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Nantsupawat, Walaiporn
    Rangsit Univ, Sch Nursing Sci, Ptumthani, Thailand..
    Martin, Lene
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Elfström, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Sandborgh, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Development and psychometric properties of the stressor scale for emergency nurses2018In: International Emergency Nursing, ISSN 1755-599X, E-ISSN 1878-013X, Vol. 39, p. 77-88Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Emergency department nurses are exposed to specific stressors and report higher stress levels than nurses in other hospital departments. This study aimed to develop and test the psychometric properties of a questionnaire-based instrument for identifying stressors for emergency department nurses. Methods: The instrument's content and face validities were examined by five experts and nurses in emergency nursing field. The test-retest reliability was examined on 30 emergency department nurses. The construct validity, including an exploratory and a confirmatory factor analysis, was tested on 405 emergency department nurses. Cronbach's alpha values and intra-class coefficients were calculated. Results: The instrument's content and face validities were satisfactory. The exploratory factor analysis provided a five-factor solution, whereas the confirmatory factor analysis provided a final four-factor solution with 25 items distributed among the factors Life and death situations, Patients' and families' actions and reactions, Technical and formal support, and Conflicts. The Cronbach's alpha values ranged from 0.89 to 0.93 per factor, and the intra-class correlation coefficient was 0.89, indicating good homogeneity and stability. Conclusions: The instrument's content, face, and construct validities were satisfactory, and the internal consistency and test-retest reliability were good. This instrument can be useful in the management of emergency departments.

1 - 8 of 8
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