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  • 1.
    Babri, Maira
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Method as Democratizing; Through Researcher Positionalityand Empirical InclusivityIn: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to present how my positionality as a researcher alignedwith the works of Latour in terms of methodological inspirations and allowed me to develop acritical vantage point and simultaneously adopt a heterogeneously rather than hierarchicallyinformed approach to ordering the world, which I argue serves as a basis for a more inclusivestudy of management systems.Design/methodology/approach: I reflect over my own positionality as a researcher and sharehow my interpretation of Latour’s ontology through some of his ideas and concepts; particularlysymmetry, power, translation, and agency, allowed me to incorporate and organizeheterogeneous actors depicted in different empirical materials into space-time contexts andsubsequently theorize organizing and management practices as agential, multiple, andbecoming.Findings: A base in Latour’s ontology has equipped me with openness towards empiricalsettings, which I argue retains a democratic approach to theorization, i.e. theorization whichremains mindful of inadvertent assumptions about power, hierarchy or the taken for granted.This approach has also given me a form of personal resilience as a researcher.Originality: The originality of this paper lies in presenting and developing the concept ofmethod as democratizing. I argue that Latour’s approach to the empirical allows for at least twoforms of active democratizing, one relating to the researcher as self and the other in how itincorporates the empirical actors into research making possible the inclusivity of heterogeneityin analyses of organizations and organizing.

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  • 2.
    Benozzo, Angelo
    et al.
    Univ Valle DAosta, Dept Human & Social Sci, Aosta, Italy..
    Gherardi, Silvia
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol, Trento, Italy..
    Working within the shadow: what do we do with "not-yet" data?2020In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 145-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the possibilities opened up by those messy, unclear and indeterminate data in research situations that may be described as being in the shadow and may as such remain in a state of vagueness and indeterminacy. Design/methodology/approach The paper draws on the extant literature on shadow organizing and post-qualitative methodologies. It focuses attention on not-yet (or shadow data) in order to ponder over what researchers do to data when they are not (yet) black-boxed as such. At the same time, it investigates what it is that not-yet data do to researchers. Findings Four types of "not-yet" data - illegible, wondrous and disorienting, hesitant and worn out - are presented and discussed. Data are illegible when a researcher is in the position of not knowing how to interpret what is in front of her/him. A second illustration is constructed around wonder, and poses the question of the feelings of surprise and disorientation that arise when facing uncanny realities. In a third situation, not-yet data are narrated as hesitation, when a participant feels conflicting desires and the researchers hesitates in interpreting. The fourth illustration depicts not-yet data as data that have been corrupted, that vanish after time or are worn out. Practical implications Not-yet data belong to researchers practice but can also be found in other professional practices which are concerned with the indeterminacy of shadowy situations. It is argued that situations like these constitute opportunities for learning and for the moral and professional development, so long as indeterminacy is kept open and a process of "slowing down" both action and interpretation is nurtured. Originality/value This paper is of value for taking the metaphor of shadow organizing further. Moreover, it represents a rare attempt to bring the vast debate on post-qualitative research/methodologies into management studies, which with very few exceptions seems to have been ignored by organization studies.

  • 3.
    Gherardi, Silvia
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol, Trento, Italy.;Univ Oslo, Fac Educ, Oslo, Norway..
    Reading the past to imagine the future2015In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 10, no 4, p. 363-366Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to contribute to the ten years of the journal through a personal reflection. Design/methodology/approach - A review of the articles published in the last ten years. Findings - I argue that what has distinguished QROM in these ten years are two distinctive features: reflexivity on practices of qualitative research, and openness to the application of qualitative methods to unusual research topics. Originality/value - The main limit of the paper resides in the subjectivity of the person who has read the articles. Other readers may have different opinions and may have chosen different criteria.

  • 4.
    Gherardi, Silvia
    et al.
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol, Trento, Italy..
    Jensen, Karen
    Univ Oslo, Dept Educ, Oslo, Norway..
    Nerland, Monika
    Univ Oslo, Dept Educ, Oslo, Norway..
    Shadow organizing: a metaphor to explore organizing as intra-relating2017In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 2-17Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to conceive "organizing" as an indeterminate process taking place in the interstices of intra-acting elements, beyond visible/rational/intentional organizing. The term intra-activity refers to relationships between multiple elements (human and more-than-human) that are understood not to have clear or distinct boundaries. The paper aims at reframing organizing, as the effect of multiple intra-acting elements, by introducing the metaphor of shadow organizing. It offers examples as diverse as knowledge spillover, evidence-based medicine and improvisation, and the mafia's organizational rules. Design/methodology/approach - The frame of reference is metaphorical theorization, based on the metaphor of shadow organizing, and is explored through three metonymies: the forest and its sheltered spaces in penumbra; the shadow as a grey zone between canonical and non-canonical practices; and secret societies, hidden in the shadow. The shadow is the symbol of what is "betwixt and between." Findings - Shadow organizing focuses on the way that situated elements (people, technologies, knowledge, infrastructures, society) intra-relate and acquire agency. Whilst organizing as the effect of intentional coordination, planning, and strategizing represents a well-established theorization, shadow organizing sheds light on what happen in the interstices of intentional and structured processes. The paper identifies the dimensions of shadow organizing as performativity, liminality, and secrecy. Originality/value - The passage from elements in interaction to intra-acting relations that form elements is a challenge both for theory and methodology. To face this challenge, metaphorical thinking proves useful since it enhances scholars' imaginations and emotional participation.

  • 5.
    Gherardi, Silvia
    et al.
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol & Social Res, Trento, Italy..
    Murgia, Annalisa
    Univ Leeds, Work & Employment Relat Div, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England..
    Belle, Elisa
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol & Social Res, Trento, Italy..
    Miele, Francesco
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol & Social Res, Trento, Italy..
    Carreri, Anna
    Univ Trento, Dept Sociol & Social Res, Trento, Italy..
    Tracking the sociomaterial traces of affect at the crossroads of affect and practice theories2019In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 14, no 3, p. 295-316Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose Affect is relevant for organization studies mainly for its potential to reveal the intensities and forces of everyday organizational experiences that may pass unnoticed or pass in silence because they have been discarded from the orthodoxy of doing research "as usual." The paper is constructed around two questions: what does affect "do" in a situated practice, and what does the study of affect contribute to practice-based studies. This paper aims to discuss these issues. Design/methodology/approach The authors chose a situated practice - interviewing - focusing on the dynamic character of the intra-actions among its heterogeneous elements. What happens to us, as persons and researchers, when we put ourselves inside the practices we study? The authors tracked the sociomaterial traces left by affect in the transcript of the interviews, in the sounds of the voices, in the body of the interviewers, and in the collective memories, separating and mixing them like in a mixing console. Findings The reconstruction, in a non-representational text, of two episodes related to a work accident makes visible and communicable how affect circulates within a situated practice, and how it stiches all the practice elements together. The two episodes point to different aspects of the agency of affect: the first performs the resonance of boundaryless bodies, and the second performs the transformative power of affect in changing a situation. Originality/value The turn to affect and the turn to practice have in a common interest in the body, and together they contribute to re-opening the discussion on embodiment, embodied knowledge, and epistemic practices. Moreover, we suggest an inventive methodology for studying and writing affect in organization studies.

  • 6.
    Sergi, Vivianne
    et al.
    Department of Management, HEC Montréal, Montréal.
    Hallin, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Thick performances, not just thick descriptions: the processual nature of doing qualitative research2011In: Qualitative research in organization and management, ISSN 1746-5648, E-ISSN 1746-5656, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 191-208Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the consequences of doing research that uses qualitative approaches. Anchored in a process ontology, this paper starts from the idea that doing research implies a performance in which the researcher is fully immersed, and explores the implications of the processual nature of doing research.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper takes use of vignettes; short stories of research in action, told by different researchers that are analyzed to reveal the richness of the situation in question. These vignettes illustrate how performing qualitative research is an emotional, embodied and deeply personal experience.

    Findings – The authors show that when grounding qualitative research in a process ontology, research is the fruit of the researcher's performance: doing research is performing it, and performing it cannot happen without feeling a wide range of emotions, without appealing to who we are or without questioning what we are doing. Thus, this exploration reveals that doing research is a rich, complex and multi-level experience that mobilizes the whole person conducting this inquiry – that is, that doing research takes the form of a thick performance.

    Originality/value – The value of the paper lies in its roots in a process ontology to understand the doing of qualitative research, which makes it possible to fully acknowledge the importance of subjectivity in all the steps that make up the research endeavor, from the fieldwork to writing – thus offering not only a richer image of what research is about, but an image that is also closer to the experience of doing it.

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