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  • 1.
    Ferlander, Sara
    Södertörns högskola, Sweden.
    The importance of different forms of social capital for health2007Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 50, nr 2, s. 115-128Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to provide an overview of the concept of social capital and to distinguish its different forms, focusing on their potential effects on health. According to many scholars, social capital comprises social networks, norms of reciprocity or social support and social trust. In this article the core element, the social network, has been further distinguished by the direction of ties and levels of formality, strength and diversity. In the past few years there has been increased interest in social capital in the health field and a great deal of research has suggested that social capital is generally positively related to health. However, little research has been conducted into how different forms of social capital or social networks influence health. What is the difference, for instance, between bonding and bridging social capital in terms of health outcomes? It is important to distinguish the different forms because they imply different resources, support and obligations. More research needs to be conducted into the different forms of social capital and their effects on health. A special focus should be placed on the health impacts of cross-cutting - or bridging and linking - forms of social capital.

  • 2.
    Fürst, Henrik
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, Hälsa och välfärd.
    Aspiring writers and appraisal devices under market uncertainty2018Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 61, nr 4, s. 389-401Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Aspiring artists are uncertain about how their work's quality will be evaluated by gatekeepers on artistic markets. Learning to evaluate the quality of one's work and its prospects on the artistic market is central to artistic careers, yet often overlooked in research. An analysis of 47 interviews with aspiring writers in Sweden shows that they use what in this article is coined appraisal devices to deal with this market uncertainty. Appraisal devices offer trusted and knowledgeable appraisals of their work's chances of success and failure on the artistic market. Appraisals from assessors become appraisal devices when assessors are trusted and seen as knowledgeable about how works are evaluated on the artistic market and are able to produce such evaluations. Appraisals from competitions become appraisal devices when the writer sees the evaluation as reflecting how the writer's work will be evaluated on the artistic market. In contrast to judgment devices, which take the perspective of cultural consumption, appraisal devices take the perspective of cultural production. Aspiring artists use appraisal devices to deal with the uncertainty of their chances of success on the artistic market.

  • 3.
    Grönlund, Anne
    et al.
    Umeå universitet, Institutionen för socialt arbete, Sweden.
    Halldén, Karin
    Stockholms universitet, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Sweden.
    Magnusson, Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), Sweden.
    A Scandinavian success story?: Women's labour market outcomes in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden2017Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 60, nr 2, s. 97-119Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    In current research, the extensive family policies of the Scandinavian countries have been problematized and described as hampering women?s careers. However, mechanisms have been little investigated and the Scandinavian countries are often regarded as a single policy model. Based on an account of institutional variety we study gender gaps in hourly wages and access to authority positions in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden and explore the importance of segregation, skills and work interruptions. The analysis uses pooled cross-sectional data from the European Social Survey (ESS) for 2004 and 2010. The results show that gender gaps vary both in size and regarding the mechanisms producing them. In particular, we find that gender segregation has a radically different impact in the four countries. The analysis suggests that the mechanisms linking family policies to labour market outcomes are more complex than envisaged in the current debate and point to the importance of comparing seemingly similar countries.

  • 4.
    Jacobsson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Södertörn University School of Social Sciences.
    Lindblom, Jonas
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Emotion Work in Animal Rights Activism: A Moral-Sociological Perspective2013Inngår i: Acta Sociologica, ISSN 0001-6993, E-ISSN 1502-3869, Vol. 56, nr 1, s. 55-68Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Social movement activism requires emotional motivation and entails emotional costs, and, because of this, activists tend to be deeply involved in the management of emotions - or emotion work - and not just in connection with protest events, but also on an everyday basis. Based on a case study of animal rights activism in Sweden, this article identifies five types of emotion work that animal rights activists typically perform: containing, ventilation, ritualization, micro-shocking and normalization of guilt. The emotion work performed by activists, it is argued, is best understood from a moral-sociological perspective building on Durkheim's sociology of morality, based on which the article then outlines key elements of a comprehensive theoretical framework for the study of emotion work in social movements.

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