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  • 1. Akenine, Daniel
    et al.
    Stier, JonasMälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Människor och AI: fem år senare - en bok om artificiell intelligens och oss själva2023Collection (editor) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Ambjörn, Fanny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Camilla, Söderroos
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Skolbibliotekets betydelse: En jämförelse mellan fyra olika skolbibliotek2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     Syftet med studien är att diskutera och jämföra skolbibliotek och hur dessa används av svensklärare i F−3. Vi har valt att göra en metodtriangulering där vi undersökt skolbibliotekets funktion och användning. Detta genom att observera fyra skolbibliotek i Mellansverige, intervjua rektorerna samt utföra enkäter med skolans F−3-lärare som undervisar i ämnet svenska. Resultatet visade att samtliga rektorer anser att skolbiblioteken är viktiga. Det var en stor variation mellan lärarna huruvida de anser att skolbiblioteket är en viktig resurs eller inte samt hur de använder sig av skolbiblioteket i sin svenskundervisning.

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    Skolbibliotekets betydelse
  • 3.
    Andersson, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Lillvist, Anne
    Bagger, Anette
    The stealth policy of inclusion of students with intellectual disability2022In: NERA 2022, Conference in Reykjavik, Iceland, June 1-3, 2022: Symposium - Network 12Inclusive Education for Students with Intellectual Disabilities J, 2022Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Communication space: Spatial design in manufacturing industry2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main concern of this licentiate thesis is to discuss how built space is used for communication in the manufacturing industry, from a visual communication perspective. The thesis presents and develops the notion of 'communication space' and presents a model to describe the relation between different factors in the communication space.

    In a multiple case study, six different cases from the manufacturing industry are described and analyzed to highlight how built space is used for communication in a lean production context. Research results on how built spaces such as improvement places, meeting places and a development workshop affect improvement processes and communication are presented. What the studied improvement areas, meeting places and workshop can be said to communicate about the improvement processes is analyzed.

    The research results show that the built spaces in manufacturing industry are used for communication on two levels, both as places for interaction between employees and as a part of a communication process. The study also shows a relation between architecture from a specific time and the relation to the improvement work in the industrial context. How the results can be used to facilitate communication in the built spaces used for improvement processes in manufacturing industry is suggested in the thesis.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 5.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rumslig omgestaltning : – en visuell signal i förändringsprocesser2009Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Abstract

    Detta är en teknisk rapport om en fallstudie, utförd på en utvecklingsverkstad, 2007-2008. Som metod användes intervju, enkätundersökning, studier av tryckt material och arkitekturanalys. En rumslig förändring kopplas till aspekter som orientering, professionalitet, den anställdes känsla av värde för företaget, motivation och status. Andra aspekter i studien är rumslig gestaltning som signal för förändring, nöjda medarbetare, trivsel, framtid, attraktiv arbetsplats, verkstad i världsklass och effektivitet.

    Resultatet indikerar att en rumslig förändring i den studerade utvecklingsverkstaden fungerar som en positiv visuell signal för en pågående förändringsprocess när det gäller organisation på avdelningen som helhet. I det empiriska resultatet har det blivit tydligt att förändringar av rumsliga element starkt kan förknippas med – och vara ett resultat av – agerad information (Bates, 2006). De övertygelser och förhoppningar som genomsyrar avdelningens ledning visar sig i form av effekter i de rumsliga elementen. I slutsatsen diskuteras studiens resultat kort i relation till Hawthornestudien (Mayo, 1933).

     

  • 6.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Carlsson, Anna-Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    The method of photo-elicitation from a phenomenological perspective.2014In: Proceedings of 13th International design conference Design 2014, 2014, p. -58Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a growing interest in the relation between workspace design and innovation. On the one hand, is the idea of designing an “innovation lab” that supports innovation. There are substantial financial investments involved when creating an innovation lab and there is evidence that such spaces can have short useful lifespan and some of them fail because they are not used as intended [Lewis and Moultrie 2005; Fayard and Weeks 2011]. On the other hand, workspaces can be altered by the users for short or long terms to support innovation activities. The users hence become spatial designers themselves. A gap exists in research on the underlying mechanisms, architecture, and dynamics by which organisations can create an environment supporting continuous improvements and radical innovation on both individual and organisational levels [Turner, Swart and Maylor 2013, Turner and Lee-Kelly 2013]. From design research we can contribute with a perspective on the underlying mechanisms and the dynamics in play in the area of workspace design and innovation. We can form the design research for the innovation labs, i.e. utopian specifically designed spaces for innovation, or the relationship between innovation, users and daily workspaces. We have chosen to acknowledge and study the complexity in relations between users, daily workspaces and innovation. Our hypothesis was that photo-elicitation could be a method to study that weave of complexity and research underlying dynamics.

    In this article we discuss the method of the photo-elicitated interview (PEI), as a tool in human-centred design research with respect to context and workspace. A phenomenological perspective focus on the human experience, examine and clarify situations, events and experiences as they occurs spontaneously in daily life (Seamon, 2000). This article intend to provide background theories from phenomenology and examples from an empirical study to discuss if and how PEI is instrumental in getting information from interviewees about their relation to their workspaces and innovation. Although the phenomenological theoretical perspective is relevant and therefore used here to describe human relation to workspaces and discuss the method, our use of specific notions from phenomenology aims firstly to support the analyse of the method to inform design research, and is not intended develop the phenomenological concepts themselves.

  • 7.
    Applebaum, Álla León
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    NYA BILDER AV HUMANIORA I EN TID AV STÄNDIGT NYA INTRYCK: En studie om hur man utvecklar genrebilder att kommunicera vetenskaplighet och sammankopplas med forskning.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete är en del av delprojektet ”Bild av hum/sam” som förvaltas av Milda Rönn (fil dr i nordiska språk) på Humsamverkan. Projektet skapar bl.a. redskap och aktiviteter för att påverka den allmänt rådande föreställningen om humaniora och samhällsvetenskap och finansieras av VINNOVA - Sveriges innovationsmyndighet

     

    Idag står till exempel provrör och matematiska formler som evigt återkommande symboler för forskning och vetenskap i framkant. Ett porträtt av Einstein representerar vanligtvis den vetenskapliga genialiteten, men det skapar samtidigt vanföreställningar om kvinnor och forskning. När forskning i allmänhet ska illustreras görs det mycket ofta med bilder från teknik- och naturvetenskapen. Det är alltså något som är inpräntat i vår kultur, att teknik- och naturvetenskapliga bilder uppfattas som normen för det vetenskapliga och får stå som sinnebilden för forskning generellt. 

     

    Problematiken är dock att de konventionella vita rockarna och provrören föga appellerar till en humanistisk forskare eftersom de inte överhuvudtaget representerar vad disciplinen står för. När humaniora och humanistisk forskning väl visualiseras görs det ofta i samband med en trave böcker, slumpmässiga grupper av människor eller enskilda individer. Det finns ingenting i bilderna, vare sig i komposition eller i element som tyder på att de föreställer vetenskaplighet och forskning. Dagens befintliga material kommunicerar med andra ord inte vetenskap och saknar verklighetsförankring.

     

    Hur kan man då påverka de konkreta bilder av humaniora och humanistisk forskning som finns, så att de visar på vetenskaplighet och innovativ kapacitet? Det övergripande målet är att utgå ifrån de befintliga bilder som idag finns att tillgå och utveckla dem till att bli vetenskapligt förankrade samt sammankopplade med forskning.

     

    Det hela har mynnat ut i ett förslag på en informationsdesign modell - Analysmodell. Det är en slags mall för bildarkitekturen som man kan följa i gestaltningen och tillblivelsen av bilder föreställande humanistisk forskning.

     

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    NYA_BILDER_AV_HUMANIORA.pdf
  • 8.
    Atole-Nilzon, Maria Minerva
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Norling, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Bråkar ordet?: En läromedelsanalys av matematikböckers användning av ord och begrepp för att beskriva bråk2022Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In mathematics, fraction has been defined as one of the most difficult areas to learn. A big part of understanding and counting fractions is understanding the concepts used in mathematics. For students, mathematics textbook is a tool for learning mathematics where they find examples of how fractions can be written and described with different text resources. Thus, the purpose of our study was to investigate which mathematical words and concepts students encounter in mathematics textbooks that can be linked to fractions. 

    The study was conducted to investigate mathematics textbooks´ potential to develop vocabulary while learning fractions. To fulfill the aim of the study, a qualitative content analysis was conducted where the contents of two mathematics textbooks for year 6 were analyzed. Based on constructivist learning perspective, the content was analyzed with the assumption that mathematics textbooks are artefacts with the potential to help students construct knowledge. The result of the analysis showed that mathematic textbooks can be interpreted as language developing artefact by introducing a variety of mathematical words and concepts and repeating the words in different contexts. However, from a constructivist point of view, it is mainly the number of unique words and variation of text examples the student comes into contact within the mathematics textbooks, which supports and develop the student's vocabulary in fractions. Thus, mathematics textbooks can serve as a resource for developing students' vocabulary by giving examples of how fractions can be written with different words, and the interaction between different text forms.

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    Bråkar ordet?
  • 9.
    Blomberg, Pia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Räisänen, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    En estetisk lärprocess i skolan genom skapande av trummor2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta utvecklingsarbete var att studera hur en estetisk lärprocess genom skapande av trummor kan se ut i ett samspel mellan elever samt mellan elever och pedagoger. Utvecklingsarbetet genomfördes i en åldersheterogen skolklass med 40 elever som tillsammans skapade trummorna parvis. Genom att observera och fotografera eleverna i sitt skapande studerade vi deras kreativitet, engagemang och kommunikation i ett samspel. Vårt resultat i den här estetiska lärprocessen visar att eleverna genom kommunikation och samspel var kreativa och engagerade i skapandet av trummor.

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    FULLTEXT02
  • 10.
    Bozic, Nina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. RISE SICS Västerås.
    Is this Choreography?: Choreographing conditions for innovative practice in everyday work2018In: Organisational Aesthetics, ISSN 2168-8575, Vol. 7, no 1, p. 24-45Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article introduces some of the concepts from experimental contemporary dance and choreography, such as “body and materiality”, the “method of practice”, and “undoing everydayness”, that have not been addressed much in the “dance and organization” theory. It expands the application of dance methods from the predominant field of leadership practice towards the innovation management and development of innovative competence of employees in organizations. The concept of “body and materiality” suggests that employees could focus more on engaging the body and materiality when innovating in order to balance the external drivers of innovation (such as market trends, user needs, and increase of shareholder value) with their own needs, desires and well-being, but also to make use of the vast possibilities of embodied knowledge that is often excluded from innovation processes. The “method of practice” proposes to give more attention to the process rather than just the performance or result of innovating, using methods, such as “doing less” to create more time to reflect, finding “meaningful questions” to innovate around, and using “improvisation” as a method to develop new ideas through the practice of spontaneous experimentation. It shifts the idea from using innovative competence to perform a desired effect through prescribed top-down innovation projects towards developing innovative practice through durational bottom-up exploration. “Undoing everydayness” hints that innovation can come closer to everyday work routines of all employees, by challenging existing norms and combining critical thinking with exploration of potentiality in everyday work. Concrete examples of activities through which these concepts were materialized in a choreographic intervention at the Art of Management conference 2016 are described and their potential to be applied in organizations discussed. 

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    fulltext
  • 11.
    Bragazzi, Frida
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Utformning av svenskmaterial för åk 52008Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sammanfattning

    På uppdrag av förlaget Adastra läromedel AB har jag gjort om en övningsbok i

    svenska. Den är utformad med nya bilder och layout efter målgruppens (åk 5)

    önskemål och efterfrågningar. Dessa har tagits reda på med hjälp av utprovningar

    i form av fokusgrupper och intervjuer. Rapporten innehåller även två lärares syn

    på bilden i läromedel, och slutligen en presentation av materialet jag utformat.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 12.
    Börjesson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Recension av Billy Ehns "Vad konstigt - Om undran och oförståelse"2005In: RIG, no 4, p. 49-50Article, book review (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Ehn, Micael
    Stockholms universitet, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Temporal discounting leads to social stratification2012In: The Journal of mathematical sociology, ISSN 0022-250X, E-ISSN 1545-5874, Vol. 36, no 4, p. 245-255Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social stratification is present in all modern societies. Do income differences simply reflect inherited differences in individual abilities and resources? If not, why does not everyone choose strategies that lead to high income? This article shows that the psychological phenomenon known as temporal discounting will lead to differences in educational attainment and social stratification in any society where the demand for workers with a higher level of education is higher than for those with a lower level. The model is used to predict income differences between people with and without college education in seven developed countries, based only on official statistics of the cost and length of college education. The model explains 93% of the variance, strongly suggesting that temporal discounting is a major factor behind income differences.

  • 14.
    Emami, Azita
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Sweden.
    Torres, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences. Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Making sense of illness: Late in life migration as point of departure for elderly Iranian immigrants’ explanatory models of illness2005In: Journal of immigrant health, ISSN 1096-4045, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 153-164Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article is based on data gathered through 60 qualitative interviews conducted within the realm of three research projects that have used "culture-appropriate lenses" to study the postmigration situation of late-in-life Iranian immigrants to Sweden. The findings gathered through these studies were interpreted against the backdrop that culturally appropriate nursing theories provide. This meant that it was, at times, these elders' backgrounds as cultural "others" that were implicitly used to make sense of the various issues that were brought to the fore by these studies. The particular issue with which this article is concerned is the "unusualness" of these elders' explanatory models of illness. Inspired by the concept "definition of situation" in the symbolic interactionist perspective and by the feeling that this perspective might bring about a different interpretation of the original findings regarding their understandings of illness and disease, we set out to conduct a secondary analysis of these elders' explanatory models of illness. The findings presented in this article will show how the elderly Iranian immigrants interviewed in these three studies utilize the process of "late in life migration" as a point of reference for their understandings of what has caused the illnesses from which they suffered. Hereby we will suggest that the "unusualness" of their explanatory models of illness might be best understood if we focus on what they shared as immigrants (i.e., the fact that the process of late-in-life migration has made their culture obsolete) as opposed to what they shared as Iranians (i.e., their culture of origin).

  • 15.
    Enquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    Mälardalen University, Department of Mathematics and Physics.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Stockholm University.
    Critical Social Learning: A Solution to Rogers's Paradox of Nonadaptive Culture2007In: American Anthropologist, ISSN 0002-7294, E-ISSN 1548-1433, Vol. 109, no 4, p. 727-734Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Alan Rogers (1988) presented a game theory model of the evolution of social learning, yielding the paradoxical conclusion that social learning does not increase the fitness of a population. We expand on this model, allowing for imperfections in individual and social learning as well as incorporating a "critical social learning" strategy that tries to solve an adaptive problem first by social learning, and then by individual learning if socially acquired behavior proves unsatisfactory. This strategy always proves superior to pure social learning and typically has higher fitness than pure individual learning, providing a solution to Rogers's paradox of nonadaptive culture. Critical social learning is an evolutionarily stable strategy (ESS) unless cultural transmission is highly unfaithful, the environment is highly variable, or social learning is much more costly than individual learning. We compare the model to empirical data on social learning and on spatial variation in primate cultures and list three requirements for adaptive culture. © 2007 by the American Anthropological Association.

  • 16.
    Enquist, Magnus
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Centrum för evolutionär kulturforskning.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Brooklyn College of the City University New York, Department of Psychology and Honors Academy.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Modelling the evolution and diversity of cumulative culture2011In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 366, no 1563, p. 412-423Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Previous work on mathematical models of cultural evolution has mainly focused on the diffusion of simple cultural elements. However, a characteristic feature of human cultural evolution is the seemingly limitless appearance of new and increasingly complex cultural elements. Here, we develop a general modelling framework to study such cumulative processes, in which we assume that the appearance and disappearance of cultural elements are stochastic events that depend on the current state of culture. Five scenarios are explored: evolution of independent cultural elements, stepwise modification of elements, differentiation or combination of elements and systems of cultural elements. As one application of our framework, we study the evolution of cultural diversity (in time as well as between groups).

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    fulltext
  • 17.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    Mälardalen University, Department of Mathematics and Physics.
    Ethnographic stories of cooperation and algebraic stories of evolution2007In: Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, ISSN 0737-4828, Vol. 5, no 1-4, p. 245-250Article, book review (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 18.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Mathematics and Physics.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholm University.
    Ghirlanda, Stefano
    Stockholm University.
    Critical points in current theory of conformist social learning2007In: Journal of Evolutionary Psychology, ISSN 0737-4828, Vol. 5, no 1, p. 67-87Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Existing mathematical models suggest that gene-culture coevolution favours a conformist bias in social learning, that is, a psychological mechanism to preferentially acquire the most common cultural variants. Here we show that this conclusion relies on specific assumptions that seem unrealistic, such as that all cultural variants are known to every individual. We present two models that remove these assumptions, showing that: 1) the rate of cultural evolution and the adaptive value of culture are higher in a population in which individuals pick cultural variants at random ( Random strategy) rather than picking the most common one ( Conform strategy); 2) in genetic evolution the Random strategy out-competes the Conform strategy, unless cultural evolution is very slow, in which caseConform and Random usually coexist; 3) the individuals’ ability to evaluate cultural variants is a more important determinant of the adaptive value of culture than frequency-based choice strategies. We also review existing empirical literature and game-theoretic arguments for conformity, finding neither strong empirical evidence nor a strong theoretical expectation for a general conformist bias. Our own vignette study of social learning shows that people may indeed use different social learning strategies depending on context.

  • 19.
    Florin, Ulrika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Från idé till gestaltningsförslag: fallstudie från Projekt Konstpaus2010Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The overall intention of this research project is to increase knowledge regarding design processes in general and artists' design processes specifically. The research is carried out as a case study based on the sketch processes that took place within Projekt Konstpaus (The Art Break Project). The sketches, or suggested designs, are the main objective for analysis and consideration in this study.

    Projekt Konstpaus (The Art Break Project) is a development pro­ject partially financed by the European Union (EU). The vision of the project embodied equality, multiculturalism and sustainable community development. The municipality of Strängnäs, Sweden was the leading partner in the project and provided the necessary support for the project idea, financing and infrastructure. The innovative aim of the project was to have various groups of people from different backgrounds working together in the same processes. The project team consisted of several artists and people with university educations, such as archaeologists, cultural geographers, biologists and geologists. The main objective of the project team was to provide the basis for the construction of a culturally inspired walking and bicycle path. Several rest spots/rest stops (“konstpauser”) designed with artistic cha­racter and influenced primarily by the municipality’s extensive nature/cul­tural heritage will be found along the path (which has been approved for construction). One initial task of the project team was to make an inventory of the nature and culture artifacts within the project area as a means of promoting na­ture/culture preservation for the benefit of future generations through information sharing. The walking/bicycle path will be accessible to all, with special provision for physically challenged individuals. The intention is to provide an environment for both quietude and physical recreation.

    The artists within the project embedded their artistic interpretations of the inventory and communicated them by suggesting artistic designs (sketches) related to the planned path. A jury then considered the sketches. Sketch, text, models and jury decisions (regarding the designs) are the objective of this research. The analysis of the material (sketches, texts, models and jury decisions, both oral and written) exposes the artistic processes. It is also the key to understanding the messages the artists intend to convey through their suggested designs. It is important to realize the significance (specific characteristics) of different types of sketches to be able to make decisions based on sketch materials. When sketches are examined, this awareness is central to making the right decision. In this study, three different types of sketches are examined, and the reading of each type is discussed.

    When studying the suggested designs, insight was gained regarding the differences between using computer-aided design and traditional sketch tools. Knowledge was also increased concerning the development of sketch techniques generally, and when using computers specifically. A dualism of sight and seeing in terms of the visualization of an idea exists, and it is discussed in the light of empirical examples. It is also placed in relation to important technological steps taken earlier in history. The use of Camera Obcura as a helpful tool for composition is one such step. The use of this tool impacted on how the inner view was changed and, with that, manners of expression as well. This is seen in the composition of paintings and the use of language. Our thinking is influenced by what we see, and that, in turn, influences our thoughts. In our contemporary western paradigm, our commonly-held definition of "seeing" is influenced by computer-gained visual representations and the processes used when producing them. The study confirms that while this particular type of sketch exposes the suggested design idea a bit clearer than traditional sketches, it also reveals errors in the suggested designs. I have also found that both written and spoken language routes the interpretation of sketch material. In terms of understanding how the suggested designs are chosen by a jury, this component (the spoken or written language) was seen in the empirical material revealed in this study. It was also theoretically confirmed.

    Together with an overall insight into the artistic processes, this study confirms the possibility of using artists in a development process. In this project, the process was to promote na­ture and culture preservation. It is valuable to integrate diverse areas of knowledge in the same process. This is true in both a social and an environmental sense. Finally, findings in this analysis confirm that artists are able to convey messages through their suggested designs (sketches). Those messages include interpretations of place, space, history and findings related to the project area.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 20.
    Färnlöf, Hans
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Den franska kulturen i Sverige2008In: Tidningen Kulturen, no 1 decArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 21.
    Gerhardsson, Markus
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Reklamens utformning och förändring under 2010-talet: En jämförelse mellan reklam riktad till män respektive kvinnor2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med det här arbetet är att ta reda på hur reklamannonser riktade till män respektive kvinnor är utformade idag och om det har skett någon märkbar förändring av utformandet av dessa under 2010-talet. För att kunna ta reda på detta analyserar jag fyra annonser riktade till män (två från 2011, två från 2019) och fyra annonser riktade till kvinnor (två från 2011, två från 2019), hämtade ur Café respektive Elle. Analysmetoden jag har använt mig av är en anpassad version av Björkvalls (2003 & 2009) kvalitativa multimodala analysmodell. Resultatet visar bland annat att det finns många likheter mellan reklam riktad till män respektive kvinnor, framförallt kompositionsmässigt. De största skillnaderna ligger i diskurserna och att annonser riktade till kvinnor generellt innehåller fler krävande talarroller än vad de manliga gör. I reklam riktad till män fokuseras det på det språkliga och produkten avbildas i samtliga annonser. I reklam riktad till kvinnor fokuseras det på det visuella och människor avbildas i samtliga annonser. Materiella språk- och bildprocesser dominerar i båda fallen. Vidare visar resultatet på att utformningen hos annonser riktade till män respektive kvinnor inte har förändrats nämnvärt under 2010-talet. De ändringar som existerar ligger främst i val av diskurser, och där handlar det om att de har moderniserats i takt med samhället. Hos reklam riktad till män har miljövänlighet blivit en dominerande diskurs, vilket stämmer bra in med hur samhället blivit mer miljömedvetet genom åren. Hos reklam riktad till kvinnor är den främsta förändringen att diskursen gått från en stereotypisk diskurs om lyx och flärd till en mindre stereotypisk diskurs om show och dans.

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  • 22.
    Gottlieb, Laura
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Designing Tools for Joint Inquiry: Making and thinking together2020Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Positioned within the research program and subject area of Innovation and Design, this research focuses on the relationship between tools and joint inquiry. Joint inquiry – the collaborative exploration and definition of problems and possible solutions – plays an important part in Participatory Design processes. Tools, usually involving the making or using of artefacts in workshops, are developed and used to support joint inquiry between different actors. The aim of this research is to contribute to the deliberate design and systematic evaluation of tools for joint inquiry. This work addresses the literature gap comprising a lack of systematic evaluations in Participatory Design research and a need to evaluate designed activities and environments in relation to emerging designer-participant collaborations.

    This research is a starting point towards developing a systematic approach for designing tools for joint inquiry and introduces two frameworks for this purpose. The first is the Communities of Inquiry framework, from the field of computer-mediated communication in distance education, which is used to identify indicators in joint inquiry. The second framework is a categorisation used to distinguish different aspects of a tool. Combining the two frameworks aids the understanding of the relationships between tools and indicators for joint inquiry. A Research through Design and Research for Design approach is used to study conversations between people and in interaction with tools. Nine design experiments are described, all of which involve the design and testing of tools to support the initiation of joint inquiry. The tools were primarily created and tested within an academic context with design students and researchers, with a focus on the topic of co-production – that is, close collaboration between academia and external actors. One tool was created and used within a museum with youth and researchers.

    The results from the design experiments show that the tools supported the Communities of Inquiry indicators in the following ways: eliciting metaphors stimulated humour and encouraged contributions, renegotiating artefacts provoked brainstorming, commensality promoted phatic communication and humour, the relationship between material properties and metaphors prompted problem recognition, and formats directed towards personal experiences led to self-disclosure and emotional expression. The tools were a hinderance to the Communities of Inquiry framework when there was dominant participation and when the tools were considered to be inappropriate for certain work contexts. Future research will continue to develop means of systematically evaluating and designing tools that support communicative practices in Participatory Design processes.

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  • 23.
    Gribkova, Larisa
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Empati – en väg att göra människan mänsklig: En studie om pedagogers arbete med barns empatiutveckling i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte med examensarbetet var att undersöka på vilka olika sätt förskolepersonal kan arbeta med att utveckla barns empatiförmåga i förskoleverksamheten. Som utgångspunkt har följande frågeställningar använts: Hur uppfattar förskolepersonal syftet med att utveckla barns empati i förskolan? Vilka faktorer uppfattar förskolepersonal som viktiga för utvecklingen av barns empati i förskoleverksamhet?

    Vilka metoder och strategier beskriver förskolepersonal som främjande i arbete med barns empatiutveckling? Det aktuella forskningsläget inom problemområdet presenteras och delas upp i fyra ämnesområden: empati, syfte med att utveckla barns empati, faktorer för utveckling av empati och olika sätt att främja empati. Vid insamlingen av empiri har en kvalitativ metod, omfattade nio halvstrukturerade intervjuer med olika förskolepersonalen, genomförts. Intervjuerna genomfördes på två olika förskolor. Resultatet visar att förskolepersonalen använder många olika sätt för att stödja barn i deras utveckling av empati, nämligen barns möjlighet till reflektion, vuxna som förebild, positiv uppmärksamhet, regler, konsekvent gränssättning, lek, sätta ord på egna och andras känslor, samtal, läsning och berättande. Arbetet med utveckling av barns empatiförmåga pågår dagligen i verksamheterna. Dock krävs det mer synligt, planerat och organiserat förskolepersonalens arbete för att kunna utvärdera detta arbete och medvetet främja alla barns empatiutveckling.

  • 24.
    Gustavsson, Hans-Olof
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Forskningscirklar som forum för interkulturell skolutveckling2016In: Vem vågar vara interkulturell? En vänbok till Pirjo Lahdenperä / [ed] F. Kirsch, R. León Rosales & C. Rodell Olgac, Stockholm: [s.n.] , 2016, p. 115-131Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 25.
    Gustavsson, Hans-Olof
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Lahdenperä, Pirjo
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Lundgren, Mats
    Högskolan Dalarna, Sweden.
    von Schantz Lundgren, Ina
    Högskolan Dalarna, Sweden.
    Newley Arrived Pupils in Swedish Schools. Experiences from an Interactive Action Research Project2016In: Leadership for Future Focused Education and Learning for All / [ed] T. Hurley & E. O'Connor, Dublin: Drumcondra Education Centre , 2016, p. 107-125Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Haag, Ingemar
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Att se och att älska - Om Madame de Lafayettes Prinsessan de Clèves2008In: Aiolos - tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 34-35, p. 119-127Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Haag, Ingemar
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Den fastnålade fjärilens drömmar: Om Bill Viola och mänsklig gemenskap2007In: Aiolos - tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 29, p. 17-32Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Haag, Ingemar
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    "I mörkret från de slutna ögonen" - Marguerite Duras och intimiteten2008In: Aiolos - Tidskrift för litteratur, teori och estetik, ISSN 1400-7770, no 32-33, p. 63-70Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 29.
    Höglund, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Nilsen, Ann Christine
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hjärtat på campus: Inredningskoncept till Eskilstunas nya kårpub.2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport berättar om vårt arbete med att ta fram ett inredningskoncept till den nya kårpuben i Eskilstuna. Vi har med hjälp av våra kunskaper inom informationsdesign och rumslig gestaltning arbetat fram ett förslag, anpassat efter uppdragsgivarens önskemål. Våra uppdragsgivare är Kårhusstiftelsen och Mälardalens studentkår. De ville att inredningskonceptet skulle vara målgruppsanpassat med funktion, flexibilitet och nytänkande i fokus. Då kårpubens personal till största del består av ideell arbetskraft ville de även att inredningskonceptet skulle underlätta det dagliga underhållet av verksamheten. Vi har utfört observation, målgruppsanalys, behovsanalys, enkätundersökning, intervjuer samt utprovningar. Det slutliga konceptförslaget gestaltade vi med hjälp av en digital presentation. I presentationen ingick planritning, 3D visualisationer och inspirationsbilder med möbelval etc. Vi ansåg att den digitala presentationen var ett informativt sätt att få alla inblandade parter att förstå inredningskonceptet och dess fördelar.

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  • 30.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Aguilar, Elliot
    Stockholms universitet.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    Brunel University London.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet.
    Modelling cultural systems and selective filters2021In: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences, ISSN 0962-8436, E-ISSN 1471-2970, Vol. 376, no 1828, article id 20200045Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    A specific goal of the field of cultural evolution is to understand how processes of transmission and selection at the individual level lead to population-wide patterns of cultural diversity and change. Models of cultural evolution have typically assumed that traits are independent of one another and essentially exchangeable. But culture has a structure: traits bear relationships to one another that affect the transmission and selection process itself. Here we introduce a modelling framework to explore the effect of cultural structure on the process of learning. Through simulations, we find that introducing this simple structure changes the cultural dynamics. Based on a basic filtering mechanism for parsing these relationships, more elaborate cultural filters emerge. In a mostly incompatible cultural domain of traits, these filters organise culture into mostly (but not fully) consistent and stable systems. Incompatible domains produce small homogeneous cultures, while more compatibility increases size, diversity, and group divergence. When individuals copy based on a trait's features (here, its compatibility relationships) they produce more homogeneous cultures than when they copy based on the agent carrying the cultural trait. We discuss the implications of considering cultural systems and filters in the dynamics of cultural change.

  • 31.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Aguilar, Elliot
    Stockholms universitet.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    Brunel University London.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet.
    Modelling cultural systems and selective filtersManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A specific goal of the field of cultural evolution is to understand how processes of transmission and selection at the individual level lead to population-wide patterns of cultural diversity and change. Models of cultural evolution have typically assumed that traits are independent of one another and essentially exchangeable. But culture has a structure: traits bear relationships to one another that affect the transmission and selection process itself. Here we introduce a modelling framework to explore the effect of cultural structure on the process of learning. Through simulations, we find that introducing this simple structure changes the cultural dynamics. Based on a basic filtering mechanism for parsing these relationships, more elaborate cultural filters emerge. In a mostly incompatible cultural domain of traits, these filters organise culture into mostly (but not fully) consistent and stable systems. Incompatible domains produce small homogeneous cultures, while more compatibility increases size, diversity, and group divergence. When individuals copy based on a trait's features (here, its compatibility relationships) they produce more homogeneous cultures than when they copy based on the agent carrying the cultural trait. We discuss the implications of considering cultural systems and filters in the dynamics of cultural change.

  • 32.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Buskell, Andrew
    University of Cambridge, UK.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Cultural SystemsManuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Many cultural phenomena cannot be understood by studying traits in isolation. Instead, they are embedded in webs of relations, layered with rich social meaning, and sequentially acquired and evaluated, \emph{filtered}, in light of previously acquired traits. Incorporating multiple traits and their relations is needed to understand the organization, dynamics, and emergent products of cultural evolution. We argue that a systems approach offers the potential for: (i) a more thorough understanding of the source and character of emergent phenomena, crucial for understanding the origin and historical development of culture; (ii) an increased scope of cultural evolution, whereby faithful transmission, self-organization and filtering of culture can be accounted for by systems dynamics without the need for strong assumptions about innate machinery; and (iii) a more robust theoretical connection between cultural evolution and processes of development as they are studied in developmental psychology and related fields.

  • 33.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Enquist, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Sweden.
    Aguilar, Elliot
    Buskell, Andrew
    University of Oxford, UK.
    Acerbi, Alberto
    Brunel University London, UK.
    Modelling Cultural Systems and Selective Filters2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction

    Cultural traits are embedded in webs of relations and sequentially acquired and evaluated – filtered – in light of previously acquired traits. Incorporating multiple traits and their relations is needed to understand the organisation, dynamics, and emergent products of cultural evolution.

    Approach

    We introduce a modelling framework of individual filtering of interdependent traits and explore the effects on cultural transmission and emergent phenomena, through mathematical treatment and simulations.

    Findings

    Sequential acquisition of compatible traits leads to culturally evolved filters. These organise culture into mostly consistent and stable systems. Depending on the structure of trait relations, they modulate rates of cultural change, exhibit path dependence and punctuated equilibria, and can generate convergent transmission, clustering and polarisation.

    Discussion

    A systems view of culture can give a fuller understanding of the source and character of emergent phenomena. It increases the scope of cultural evolution, whereby faithful transmission, self-organisation and filters can be accounted for by systems dynamics without strong assumptions on innate machinery.

  • 34.
    Jansson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Semester vid gränsen: Ett bidrag till utforskandet av Eva Lindströms poetik2016In: Litteratur och språk / [ed] Ingemar Haag, Mälardalens högskola , 2016, p. 75-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Jernberg, Emma
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Språkval - obligatoriskt för vissa men frivilligt för andra :  Learning foreign languages at school - compulsory for some but not for others2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 36.
    Johansson, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Stress, pepp och press: En kvantitativ studie av påverkande stressfaktorer hos elever i gymnasieskolan2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka gymnasielevers upplevda stressnivå över skolan. Forskningsfrågor som besvaras är om elever känner sig stressade i skolan och om det finns några skillnader mellan könen. Studien ger även svar på vilka faktorer som påverkar stressnivån i skolan. Undersökningen är kvantitativ och 68 informanter deltog. Resultatet visar att majoriteten av eleverna känner sig stressade över skolan, men även att stress kan visa sig vara både positiv och negativ. Det finns inte heller några signifikanta skillnader mellan könen. En stor faktor som påverkar eleverna negativt är betygspress och det som påverkar eleverna mest positivt är peppen de får av sig själva i stressade situationer. Slutsatsen av studien är att stress är ett stort problem i gymnasieskolan, men även en bidragande faktor för motivation och effektivitet. 

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  • 37.
    Johansson, Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Tegelström, Svitlana
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Estetiska uttrycksformer i skolan: En studie om lärarens och elevers syn på estetiska uttrycksformer och hur pedagoger använder sig av olika uttrycksformer i sin undervisning.2013Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån två skolor lyfta lärares och elevers syn på betydelsen av estetiska uttrycksformer som hjälpmedel i undervisningen och hur lärare planerar sin undervisning. Den empiriska undersökningen genomfördes i två olika skolor genom kvalitativa intervjuer med lärare och elever. Resultatet av vår studie visade att lärare till viss del använder estetiska uttrycksformer i sin undervisning. Lärarna skulle vilja använda sig mer av estetiska uttrycksformer, men känner sig osäkra i sin egen förmåga och hur de kan ta in det estetiska i undervisningen. Resultatet av elevernas intervjuer visar att de upplever undervisningen i skolan som tråkig och de skulle vilja ha mer av estetiken i skolan. Den slutsats man kan dra från studien är att lärarna måste få mer kompetens inom estetiska ämnen och att estetiska ämnen måste tillerkännas ett värde i sig. Undervisningen bör vara mer varierad och planeras i samråd med eleverna utifrån deras intressen.

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  • 38.
    Karlsohn, Thomas
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    Ängsal, Magnus P
    Göteborgs universitet, Sweden.
    Öhman, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Sätt kraft bakom de vackra orden om humanioras betydelse2018In: Curie, no 2018-02-18Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 39.
    Karlsson, Dennis
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Lindqvist, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Minoritetsgrupper, empati och stereotypisering: Reducerar perspektivtagning och empati negativ stereotypisering?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Enligt tidigare forskning kan antagandet av ett subjektivt perspektiv framkalla empatiska känslor och att detta medför en positiv utvärdering samt mer positiva attityder gentemot den andre. I studien deltog 126 högskolestudenter från en mellanstor högskola i Sverige. De besvarade en enkät innehållandes vinjetter om diskriminering i arbetslivet gentemot grupperna funktionsnedsatta, gravida kvinnor och religiöst troende. Mätinstrumenten var Batsons empatiskala och för stereotypa uppfattningar användes Stereotype Content Model. Ett syfte med denna studie var att undersöka skillnader gällande de empatiska känslorna samt stereotypa uppfattningar gentemot de tre grupperna. Separata 2 x 3 faktoriella variansanalyser utfördes. Studien påvisade en skillnad i empatiska känslor där empatin för funktionsnedsatta var högre än för gravida kvinnor. Avseende kompetens uppfattades gravida kvinnor och religiöst troende mer kompetenta än funktionsnedsatta. Även på dimensionen värme fanns en marginell statistisk skillnad då gravida kvinnor ansågs mer varma än funktionsnedsatta.  

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  • 40.
    Klang, Paula
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Att levandegöra texten: En studie av texter i utställningsmiljö2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a degree project in Information Design with a focus on text design. The study is based on the Swedish UNESCO Council’s: Recommendation of the protection and promotion of museums and collections their diversity and role in society (2015). Museums are public spaces which are there to display and preserve collections, and research on cultural heritage, but also to educate people and function as a place for the public to take part in our history and future. 

    This very fact that learning something new can be an important motivating factor for visitors to get to a museum. An exhibition text is an important source of increased knowledge and understanding. A well-written text that is well placed can contribute to a positive feeling of having learned something new while a bad one leaves the visitor confused and excluded from the knowledge. 

    A fundamental problem with exhibition texts is that they should suit everyone, while each visitor is unique and comes with their individual knowledge, experience, and needs. 

    This study examines how three different museums work with exhibition texts based on visitors’ different conditions and pre-understanding. The empirical has been collected through interviews and questionnaires. The empirical material is used together with selected theories of text design to answer questions about how museums can develop and prioritize the work with accessible texts for all and thereby fulfill their democratic mission to make knowledge available to all people. 

    The aim for this study is to provide suggestions of how it can be made easier for museums to achieve this important balance between accessible but still thought developing and enriching exhibition texts. The hope is that this can lead to a new positive development for texts function in the museums’ environment and a help to contribute to greater experience and more knowledge for more people. 

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  • 41.
    Kolmodin, Jonas
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Källkritik2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna undersökning var att ge en överskådlig syn på hur elever tänker kring användandet av internet. Undersökningen belyser även skillnader för informationssökning privat och i skolan, samt skillnader mellan teoretiska och praktiska program. Detta gjordes med hjälp av en kvantitativ metod där respondenterna fick fylla i en enkät. Resultatet har visat på att elever generellt sett använder både Wikipedia och Google i sitt sökande efter information. Det förekommer även en del elever som tror att censur gäller på internet. Eleverna är även ytterst målmedvetna när de söker information och prioriterar högt att informationen skall vara pedagogiskt utformad. Slutsatserna som har dragits utifrån denna undersökning är att eleverna uppvisar typiska beteenden som stämmer överens med vad som kännetecknar Google generationen. Samt att det finns skillnader mellan programmen som är av vikt.

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  • 42.
    Källström, Jessica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Olsson, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Anpassa för att stötta?: En kvalitativ studie om hur lärare ser på och arbetar med anpassad undervisning för att stötta andraspråkselever2015Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här studien är att undersöka vad ämneslärare säger att de gör för anpassningar för att stötta andraspråkselever i sin undervisning och deras tankar kring fortbildning inom ämnet. Vi vill också ta reda på genom vilka sätt den anpassningen och stöttningen sker. Metoden bestod av tolv semistrukturerade intervjuer med ämneslärare på två olika skolor. Resultatet visar att majoriteten av lärarna anpassar och stöttar i undervisningen för andraspråkselever. Detta skedde främst på språklig väg och genom multimodala inslag i undervisningen. Däremot kunde vi se att den anpassning som skedde inte var baserad på kunskaper om ämnet utan mer var på en försöksnivå. Detta berodde ofta på att de saknade kunskap om hur anpassning och stöttning för andraspråkselever bör gå till.

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  • 43.
    Larsson, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Är det cringe att flossa?: En studie om det finns tydliga skillnader mellan mäns och kvinnors kännedom om och användning av 24 engelska lånord i det svenska språket.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka om det finns tydliga skillnader mellan mäns och kvinnors kännedom om och användning av 24 utvalda engelska lånord hämtade från nyordslistorna åren 2010–2019. Kvantitativa och kvalitativa metoder har med hjälp av en enkätundersökning använts för att få informanter att svara på om de har kännedom om dessa engelska lånord och i så fall ange användningsfrekvensen samt i vilket sammanhang orden används. Resultatet visar att inga tydliga skillnader kan fastställas mellan mäns och kvinnors kännedom om och användning av de utvalda engelska lånorden. Däremot varierar kännedomen kring några specifika lånord där skillnader kan ses mellan könen. Slutsatsen kan dras till att kännedom om och användning av engelska lånord inte skiljer sig tydligt mellan könen, men att några märkbara skillnader kan ses i kännedom om några specifika lånord mellan könen.

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  • 44.
    Lehtonen, Diana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Mossberg, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Pedagogisk dokumentation i förskolan: En studie om den kunskap som förskollärare beskriver sig ha om pedagogisk dokumentation samt hur den används i syfte att utveckla förskolans verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka vilken kunskap förskollärare anser sig ha om pedagogisk dokumentation samt hur de beskriver att de använder pedagogisk dokumentation i syfte att utveckla förskolans verksamhet. I studien användes en kvalitativ undersökningsmetod baserad på strukturerade intervjuer med åtta verksamma förskollärare. Resultatet av studien visar att förskollärarna är medvetna om att de ska använda pedagogisk dokumentation som ett underlag för att utveckla verksamheten. Det framkom även att det finns ett behov av att utveckla arbetet med den pedagogiska dokumentationsprocessen i förskolan. Studiens slutsats är att förskollärares utbildning, intresse för ämnet pedagogisk dokumentation samt den tid som avsätts för det pedagogiska dokumentations-arbetet är aspekter som påverkade arbetet med pedagogisk dokumentation i förskolan.

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  • 45.
    Lindstrand, F.
    et al.
    Konstfack University, College of Arts, Crafts and Design, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Insulander, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Selander, S.
    Systems Sciences, Stockholm University, Kista, Sweden.
    Mike the Knight in the neo-liberal era: A multimodal approach to children's multi-media entertainment2016In: Journal of Language and Politics, ISSN 1569-2159, E-ISSN 1569-9862, Vol. 15, no 3, p. 337-351Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Goal-oriented learning seems to be a ubiquitous demand for almost all kind of play activities today. This demand, the article argues, is related to a specific neoliberal discourse about the "superchild". The article shows how this discourse is articulated multimodally in a number of media texts aimed at young children based around a trans-medial brand; Mike the Knight.

  • 46.
    Lundin, Jonatan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Designing technical information: Challenges regarding service engineers’ information-seeking behaviour2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a gap of knowledge regarding relevant aspects of users’ information-seekingbehaviours. The research presented in this thesis aims at gaining a deeper knowledge about such behaviours and discussing the consequences the behaviours may have on the design practice of technical communicators when designing technical information during product development. The information needs of users, and where they go to obtain information to satisfy these needs, are considered relevant aspects. The research presented in this thesis is limited to service engineers performing maintenance in a workshop. The objective is to try to frame the information needs service engineers give evidence of in a work task and map where they go to satisfy these needs. An ethnographic research approach were selected where empirical data was collected, analysed and interpreted from a theoretical viewpoint: a synthesis of Byström and Hansen’s Conceptual Framework for Tasks in Information Studies and Systemic-Structural Theory of Activity. Seven in-house aftermarket service engineers where observed by means of participant observation while performing maintenance work tasks on machine equipment taken out of service in a maintenance workshop in Sweden.The results reveal that these service engineers gave evidence of fifty (50) different information needs, that they actively searched and selected four (4) types of sources of information to satisfy these needs, but also that service engineers seldom seek instructions.

    The consequence for technical communicators having the intention of designing to satisfy the cognitive information needs of individuals, is that it is a challenge to satisfy every information need. The information needs unique to any one individual and those depending on the work task context, as well as those that are specific to a work role in an organisation rather than to the machine equipment, are challenging to satisfy. This research indicates that the same type of information is used to satisfy different types of information needs. The information designed to satisfy a specific information need may thus be used to satisfy an entirely different need.

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  • 47.
    Nauckhoff, Josefine
    Wake Forest University, USA.
    Incentives and Interests in Kant's Moral Psychology2003In: History of Philosophy Quarterly, ISSN 0740-0675, E-ISSN 2152-1026, Vol. 20, no 1, p. 41-60Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 48. Nauckhoff, Josefine C.
    Objectivity and expression in Thomas Reid´s Aestetics1994In: Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, ISSN 0021-8529, E-ISSN 1540-6245, Vol. 52, p. 183-191Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Nilsson, David
    et al.
    KTH, Stockholm.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    KTH, Stockholm.
    Karpouzoglou, Timos
    Lawhon, Mary
    The city beyond the network2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, the modern infrastructure ideal has dominated the imagination of urbanists. As a consequence, cities and their infrastructures of pipes, roads, wires and trams, have largely been built in the same way all over world. Or have they? Recent urban scholarship suggests that cities and their modes of service provision needs to be re-envisaged, especially in the global South, not just through the lens of the ’situated’ but through disentangling it from the modernist framing altogether. The multilayered challenges - including new types of vulnerabilities of technology and users - experienced by cityregions worldwide imply that a new thought-model is called for. This paper picks up the concept of ‘Heterogeneous Infrastructure Configuration’ (HIC) suggested by Lawhon, Nilsson, Silver, Erntson and Lwasa (2017). In somewhat speculative fashion we go on to hypothesise that Stockholm, Nairobi and Kampala are at interesting historical junctures in terms of conceiving infrastructures and how they distribute power and risk across user spectrums. Are urban infrastructures across the globe being re-engineered from below, but for different reasons? We sketch at a research agenda where grounded and diverse experiences of global North and South will generate new insights for sustainable transformation of cities globally.

  • 50.
    Norberg Brorsson, Birgitta
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Dysthe, Olga
    Hertzberg, Frøydis
    Krogh, Ellen
    Writing in the content areas – A Scandinavian perspective combining macro, meso, and micro levels.2015In: Recherches en écriture: regards pluriels E-bok:: Writing research from multiple perspectives / [ed] Sylvie Plane, Charles Bazerman & Christine Donahue, Lorraine, France, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Writing is one of the key competences defined by a number of international bodies as being crucial for students’ learning and work life qualification. The three Scandinavian countries share a common goal of providing equal education for all and have a history of prioritizing extended essay writing as an assessment format in many subjects. The purpose of this article is to investigate writing in the content areas in Scandinavia by focusing on the connection between macro-level decisions and what actually happens in schools and classrooms. We first look at recent curriculum plans in the three countries and show how they have chosen different ways of encouraging or mandating writing in the disciplines. Three case studies, each based on research projects, exemplify what goes on at the meso/micro level: professionalization of science teachers in using writing in Sweden; student perspectives on the challenges and learning potential in mandated written research projects in Danish secondary and upper secondary schools; and teacher-initiated collaboration across content areas in Norway in order to develop better writing practices. We find that although the Scandinavian tradition of extended writing provides favorable conditions for writing in the content areas, there are problems which must be overcome before a successful integration can be expected. One such hindrance is the association of key competences with basic, instrumental skills, while another is the fact that the idea of writing in the content areas has been introduced top-down. Our conclusion is that a combination of macro-, meso-, and micro-level initiatives (top-down and bottom-up) is needed. 

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