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  • 1.
    Biesta, Gert
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    ”Det här är min sanning, berätta din.” Dekonstruktiv pragmatism som filosofi för utbildning2007In: Erfarenheter av Pragmatism / [ed] Y. Boman, C. Ljunggren & M. Von Wrigh, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, p. 47-76Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Bonner, Richard
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Mamchych, Tetyana I.
    Speaking of the intellect, instinctively2008Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To the extent a cognitive artifact extends natural language, questions of the former should be preceded by answers to those of the latter; and, questions about cognitive science and pertinent technology should begin by asking how one may verbalise one’s ideas about cognition, one’s own cognition to start with. One does that, it is plain, in two ways: one talks of one’s thoughts and one’s feelings. One thus sees oneself not as one but as at least two. Not to cause unrest, however, one continues to talk of oneself as one, calling one’s pluralistic faculties in the singular as the Soul or the Intellect, the nest of the classical trivium of the beautiful, the good, and the intelligent. Degraded to tangible by social demand, the Intellect becomes intelligence plain, semantically rooted in behavior, hence operational, prerogative of machine. One’s remaining spiritual faculties, collectively labeled psyche, are something to aid by therapy or drugs to keep one from acting strange. Bottled in rational formaldehyde for almost a century, only recently get they restituted by science as key actors of cognition. But in public space they remain non gratae, increasingly so indeed as the digital strait jacket steadily tightens around people’s souls, taking the spark out of their social and professional presence, the spark that survived both Descartes and Marx. A century after Freud, four after Shakespeare, and four and twenty after Plato, feelings remain a mystery eluding words. Perhaps they should? We share our feelings on these vital mushy matters, irrespectively

  • 3.
    Dodig-Crnkovic, Gordana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics.
    Stuart, Susan
    Mälardalen University, Department of Computer Science and Electronics. University of Glasgow, UK.
    Special Issue: Selected Papers From ECAP 2005 - European Computing and Philosophy Conference 20052006In: tripleC, ISSN 1726-670X, Vol. 4, no 2, p. i-iiArticle in journal (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Eklund, Jakob
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    The nature of empathy2013In: Philosophy in the contemporary world, ISSN 1077-1999, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 28-38Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper addresses the question of the nature of empathy, and attempts to develop a unified understanding of empathy, and thereby overcome the split perspective that is present in current literature. Based on previous definitions, I present my own account of empathy as feeling the other’s feeling. In an analysis of this new definition, empathy is characterized as feeling with the two constituents of understanding and care. Empathic understanding ensures that empathic care will lead to appropriate actions. A consequence of describing empathy as a feeling with the two constituents of understanding and care is that we are not forced to choose between the two main tracks in the empathy literature, empathy as understanding and empathy as care, but are instead at ease with both sides.

  • 5.
    Gustav, Kjellén
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Är det en han, hon eller den?: Iscensatt karaktärsdesign, abstrakt och icke identifieringsbar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study wants to highlight the difficulty of designing an abstract character that should be perceived as genderless. Also, examine where the limit lies in how many components a character can have before it is difficult to perceive genderless. Even how easy a character is from having no gender to be interpreted directly as a man or woman. It may be due to attributes, components, or body language when placed in scenes. It does not take more than 0.2 seconds to identify a character like a man or a woman.

    The aim is to make a new, improved design for the Mälardalen University (MDH) Security Service; Aj, oj, halloj. The artifact should consist of scenes where a character should simulate various events that could happen at school and need to be reported.

    More well-known abstract characters where analyzed and different own character designs and other similar characters were tested against students and teachers and the result was that they were interpreted very differently. People experience images very differently, and gender identification seems to be linked to memories that are linked to certain components that the character in question has. The two characters most interpreted as genderless were applied in scenes consisting of graphics, compared to the earlier photographs used. The scenes that were presented were also tested and the result was that the scenes were understood though the missing captions. MDH will now get two versions of seven scenes where two different characters are applied, they are tested and are based on theories.

  • 6.
    Lövgren, Rolf
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Om hur synen på kunskap påverkar forskning, utbildning och pedagogik: En kunskapsmodell som drivkraft för innovativa kunskapsprocesser inom forskning, utbildning och pedagogik2006Report (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Melin, Gabriella
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    I VILKEN UTSTRÄCKNING PREDICERAR FÖRÄLDRAFAKTORER OCH PSYKISKA BESVÄR ALKOHOLDEBUTEN HOS DEN NYA GENERATIONENS UNGDOMAR?: En kvantitativ kohortundersökning bland ungdomar i Västmanland2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Historically, alcohol use has been a normative behavior for adolescents, a trend that has turned from the 21st century when both the proportion of adolescents who drink and the amount of alcohol have decreased sharply. Therefore, the science shows a lack of knowledge about the new generation of adolescents where those who still consume alcohol, drink for the same or quite different reasons than before. There is a need to study which determinants are predicting, that is which factors can foretell the first initiation of alcohol for the new generation of adolescents.

    Aim: This study aims to identify determinants in the form of parenting and mental disorders that predict adolescent’s first initiation of alcohol in Västmanland County and investigate whether the prediction ability of these determinants differs between boys and girls.

    Method: To investigate which determinants of parental factors and mental disorders predicts adolescent’s alcohol initiation, a quantitative method with secondary data from a longitudinal cohort study was used The Survey of Adolescent Life in Västmanland (SALVe Cohort) was used. Two measurements are included in the study, which the first basic measurement was performed in 2012 and the second follow-up measurement was performed in 2015. Multivariate logistic regressions have been the basis for the study's analyzes.

    Results: Parental factors as mental and physical exposure were predictive for adolescent’s alcohol use. However, the predictive effects disappeared when adjusting for confounders. Mental disorders as ADHD (Attention Difict Hyperactivity Disorder), psychosomatic disorders and conduct problem predicted adolescent's alcohol use. However, the predictive effects disappeared for ADHD and psychosomatic disorders when adjusting for confounders. Conduct problem was the only determinant that predicted alcohol after confounders were adjusted.

    Conclusions: Parental factors do not seem to predict alcohol initiation. For mental disorders, antisocial behavior is the only determinant that shows a predictive effect with the adolescent's alcohol initiation. The gender differences that emerge were that psychosocial problems predicted girl’s alcohol initiation but not for boys.

  • 8.
    Månsson, Niclas
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Två berättelser om moralens ursprung2006In: Finsk tidskrift, ISSN 0015-248X, no 1, p. 33-46Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 9.
    Redmalm, David
    Örebro universitet, Sweden.
    Christian Abrahamsson, Fredrik Palm, Sverre Wide (red.): Sociologik: tio essäer om socialitet och tänkande2011In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 75-78Article, book review (Other academic)
  • 10.
    Redmalm, David
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Gränsdjur: Om konsten att balansera på gränsen mellan natur och kultur med människor, hundar, hästar och andra djur2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Introduktionstext till Korpo filosofidagar 2019, tema "En gemensam värld: Djur och kultur" 

    Människan och djur är en tematik som genomsyrar filosofin, där idéer om det mänskliga ofta uttrycks i kontrast till natur eller djur. Under Korpo filosofidagar undersöks människans relationer till djur som en öppen fråga: vilka olika innebörder kan djur få i våra liv? Djur finns på olika platser: i våra hem, på laboratorier, i lantbruket, i naturen och på djurparker. Vilka samhälleliga, etiska, politiska och filosofiska frågeställningar väcks i dessa sammanhang?

    Samtida diskussioner om djuren i kulturen sitter ofta fast i bilder av djur som tidlösa naturvarelser medan människan ses som dynamisk, kulturell och föränderlig. Denna bild har i allt högre grad ifrågasatts i diskussioner om ”det antropocena” och ”det posthumana”, som strävar att ifrågasätta vanemässiga tankesätt och uppdelningar mellan ”djur och människa”, och granskar hur människor och djur skapar praktiker och gemenskaper tillsammans. Under Korpo filosofidagar diskuterade vi denna tematik ur olika synvinklar, med en strävan till att få en klarare bild av djuren i kulturen.

  • 11.
    Redmalm, David
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Holy Bonsai Wolves: Chihuahuas and the Paris Hilton Syndrome2019In: On Dogs: An Anthology, Kendal, Cumbria: Notting Hill Editions , 2019, 1, p. 147-152Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article examines the reasons for the Chihuahua breed’s popularity in contemporary western society by looking at two sets of data: Chihuahua handbooks and The Simple Life show, starring Paris Hilton and her Chihuahua Tinkerbell. The article argues that the Chihuahua is a holy anomaly: a creature which can be used in myths and rituals to temporarily alleviate the tension-filled binary oppositions and stereotypes inherent in a particular culture, in order to celebrate and reinforce that culture’s categories and social order. The Chihuahua – or the bonsai wolf – transcends two binary oppositions fundamental to contemporary westerners: subject/object and nature/culture. Although the Chihuahua challenges a number of related binary oppositions, it is generally dismissed as a matter for humor, low-brow entertainment or expressions of sentimentality, rendering ritual encounters with Chihuahuas harmless. The article concludes by asking: what would happen if humans actually started listening to what the Chihuahua is telling them?

  • 12.
    Redmalm, David
    Sociologiska institutionen, Uppsala universitet.
    Liminanimals: Celebrity Chihuahuas, Presidential Pets and Riding School Horses2019Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    n this lecture sociologist David Redmalm will talk about companion animals and their liminal status in human society. He will show how thinking with companion animals can challenge ingrained stereotypical ideas about the distinction between nature and culture, and how this distinction shapes interspecies relationality. To show how "liminanimals" can enable a more nuanced understanding of what we think of as nature and culture, David Redmalm will draw on a number of examples from his own research: Chihuahuas and their symbolic and material role in Western society, the media narrative of Obama family’s dog Bo Obama, and the disciplining of human and equine bodies in riding schools.

  • 13.
    Redmalm, David
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Uppsala universitet, Sweden.
    To make pets live, and to let them die: The biopolitics of pet keeping2019In: Death Matters: Cultural Sociology of Mortal Life / [ed] Tora Holmberg, Annika Jonsson, Fredrik Palm, London: Palgrave Macmillan , 2019, 1, p. 241-263Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Pets are often considered to be friends or part of the nuclear family, and many pets are grieved when they die. But pets are also routinely bred in abundance, bought, sold, and euthanized when they are unwanted. The aim of this chapter is to suggest a way of understanding pet keeping in the light of pets’ paradoxical status between “grievable” and “killable.” It argues that the ambiguous conceptualization of the pet as an irreplaceable individual and as a consumable resource corresponds to a biopolitical rationale for breeding, buying, selling and killing pets. The chapter suggests that pet keeping can be regarded as a demarcated zone where biopolitical norms surrounding life and death can be played with, managed and reproduced.

  • 14.
    Sangve, John
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Idéhantering för varaktig idégenerering: En studie i upprepad idégenerering på Volvo CE2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to gather knowledge regarding the connection between idea management and the employees will to participate in idea generation at Volvo CE. This was necessary as Volvo CE perceived that the amount of generated ideas was sinking. Recommendations for further improvements are also presented. The following questions were formulated at the start of this study: How is the participants will to share ideas and suggestions of improvement affected by the idea management system? Are there flaws in Volvo’s idea management system and if so, how can they be resolved? The data was gathered through a series of interviews during the fall of 2011 and the method used was a qualitative method with elements from grounded theory. The results presented are in form of factors that when combined, affect the participants longtime will to generate new ideas. Among these factors are, to mention a few, innovation and leadership, feedback, perceived expertise and transparency.

  • 15.
    Shen, C. -Y
    et al.
    Nanhua University, Taiwan.
    Midgley, Gerald
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. University of Hull, United Kingdom; Victoria University of Wellington, New Zealand; University of Canterbury, New Zealand; University of Queensland, Australia.
    Action research in a problem avoiding culture using a Buddhist systems methodology2015In: Action Research, ISSN 1476-7503, E-ISSN 1741-2617, Vol. 13, no 2, p. 170-193Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Problem avoidance can be an issue in both Eastern and Western cultures, and in some Eastern contexts it can stem from the desire to promote organizational harmony: identifying problems can lead to blame, thereby fracturing harmonious relationships. The authors have developed and applied a Buddhist systems methodology (BSM) to counteract problem avoidance in Taiwanese Buddhist organizations. Unlike many Western action research approaches, which require participants to start by identifying problems or problematic situations, the BSM uses Buddhist concepts that are closely associated with the practice of harmonious living. Thus, it reframes problem exploration as the exercise of Buddhist discipline applied to organizational life, which is likely to be viewed as a co-operative and culturally valued endeavour. In a project with a large non-profit organization, the authors tackled a significant conflict and underlying issues. An evaluation of the project demonstrated that the BSM helped overcome the culture of problem avoidance. While the BSM itself might only be relevant to Buddhist organizations, there is a wider principle at work: when problem avoidance has cultural roots, action researchers could usefully look at how problem exploration might be reframed using a way of thinking that is culturally familiar and highly valued by the participants. 

  • 16.
    Stjernlöf, Jonathan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Intrigerande Idégenerering2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Strimling, P.
    et al.
    Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden; Centre for Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Vartanova, I.
    Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. Centre for Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. Centre for Cultural Evolution, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The connection between moral positions and moral arguments drives opinion change2019In: Nature human behaviour, ISSN 2397-3374, Vol. 3, no 9, p. 922-930Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Liberals and conservatives often take opposing positions on moral issues. But what makes a moral position liberal or conservative? Why does public opinion tend to become more liberal over time? And why does public opinion change especially fast on certain issues, such as gay rights? We offer an explanation based on how different positions connect with different kinds of moral arguments. Based on a formal model of opinion dynamics, we predicted that positions better connected to harm and fairness arguments will be more popular among liberals and will become more popular over time among liberals and conservatives. Finally, the speed of this trend will be faster the better the position connects to harm and fairness arguments. These predictions all held with high accuracy in 44 years of polling on moral opinions. The model explains the connection between ideology and moral opinions, and generates precise predictions for future opinion change.

  • 18.
    Wetell-Jonsson, Anders
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Johansson, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ATT INTE VETA ELLER FÖRSTÅ: Sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter med psykisk ohälsa inom somatisk vård2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Patients with mental illness is commonly present in physical healthcare for either mental illness or both mental illness and physical illness. Earlier research shows that patients feel aggrieved and discriminated against by healthcare professionals in physical healthcare due to mental illness. Patient experience that they do not receive good care, increasing the suffering.

    Aim: The aim was to describe nurses' experiences of caring for patients with mental illness in physical healthcare.

    Method: Systematic literature review with a descriptive synthesis according to Evans (2002), where 14 qualitative research articles where analyzed with an inductive approach.

    Result: The nurses experienced patients with mental illness as a danger and as not being their responsibility. They could not meet the patients' needs and experienced a lack of knowledge to care for them. They were sceptical about these patients and described negative attitudes and prejudices against them, and that the physical healthcare environment was not suitable for those patients.

    Conclusion: Nurses need skills in psychiatric nursing and a broader introduction into the basic psychiatric care. These skills are necessary to provide quality care that protects patients’ privacy and dignity and reduces the stigma of patients with mental illness.

  • 19.
    Zens, Alexander
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Meningsgeometri: Att vara och att ansvara - en fenomenologisk-hermeneutisk studie om upplevelser i rollen som familjehemsförälder2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present paper is a phenomenological-hermeneutic study that reflects on the experiences

    regarding motives and meaning of five foster parents concerning their specific being of foster

    parent for so-called unaccompanied children in Sweden. Scandinavian research has shown

    that this particular category of foster family plays a significant role in social child- and youth

    care. However, what is yet to be explored within current research are foster parents’ own

    experiences of their role. For this reason, the purpose of this study is to reflect on foster

    parents’ experiences regarding the role and its direct value are two-fold: On the one hand, the

    study of the meanings of being in the role of foster parent has important emancipatory

    implications. On the other hand, the study also suggests certain ideas regarding how the

    number of foster parents might be extended.

    Method: From a lifeworld perspective, and an ontological-phenomenological approach

    inspired by Heidegger, I have reflected on unstructured interviews by

    applying van Manen's phenomenological-hermeneutic method for thematic

    analysis.

    Findings: The study presents four considerable themes of motives, describing why

    people choose to assume the role of foster parenting. All of the four themes

    are about the informants’ perceptions of the role as a means of creative

    innovation of themselves and their surroundings.

    The study also presents six considerable themes of meaning describing the

    informants’ experiences of being a foster parent while meeting non-foster

    parents. All six themes are about the informants’ experiences of being

    portrayed and hidden while meeting with others.

    Consequences: The study shows the plausible with how foster parents’ emotional role taking

    and responsibility are negatively influenced by fellow men’s freedoms.

    There is a potential need to examine the possibility of a legislation that

    could conceivably support foster family of unaccompanied minors as a

    long-term form of cohabitation.

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