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  • 1.
    Almqvist, Linda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Groth, Lina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    "Gneta på...": Hur bör en politiskt styrd organisation agera för att inte påverkas av förändrade förutsättningar? 2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It’s of great importance to implant innovation in organisations that act in an influenced and changeable environment. An organisation that’s affected by for example political decisions has a bigger challenge facing this. We also see that organisations within the service sector and mainly services that occur close to people have a more difficult task when it comes to the subject innovation. There is a limit in efficiency and development within organisations who acts in this area. Because the world always changes we think that organisations always need to face this to be able to deliver, and then it’s important that service companies are aware of the importance of innovation. Innovation within organising need not mean a whole new way of organising, but it can point out knowledge and its flow in the company. Even new ways of thinking who permeates an organisation can be the start of implanting a more innovative environment. We believe that a more proactive action can gain organisations development and efficiency. By this we mean that organisations can work more with their visions of the future and work more active with predicting the future and what it can offer. This can in turn gain implanting of innovation in companies.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Camilla
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bjärås, Gunilla
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Östenson, Claes-Göran
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A longitudinal assessment of inter-sectoral participation in a community-based diabetes prevention programme2005In: Social Sciences & Medicine, ISSN 0277-9536, Vol. 61, no 11, p. 2407-2422Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To understand the development of inter-sectoral participation in the three intervention municipalities of Stockholm Diabetes Prevention Programme (SDPP) case studies with a longitudinal assessment were conducted using the spidergram method, document analysis and group discussions. At three time points, the members of the local steering committees assessed the extent of participation from narrow to wide inter-sectoral participation in five key areas: planning, resources, leadership, network and implementation. Wide participation of various interest groups was recognised in planning and implementing activities whereas local resources, the representation of the leadership and the extent of the network were perceived as more restricted. Expert involvement varied during the programme period but was not regarded as exerting control over the local programmes. Participation within the local steering committees decreased, with a stronger focus on the project co-ordinator and other local partners in latter years. The extent of partner engagement increased due to focusing on activities approaching multi-sector collaboration and institutionalisation. Overall, communication and shared responsibility appeared critical in influencing both the development and perception of participation. In conclusion, to understand the dynamic process of participation at different times, areas and levels, the development and use of evaluation designs combining different methods and information sources throughout the lifespan of a project are recommended. 

  • 3.
    Andersson, Carina
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Upplevelser av budskap: Fallstudier av hur användare upplever och förstår information i användargränssnitt2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [sv]

    När användbarheten studeras av den information som presenteras i ett användargränssnitt på en datorskärm kan det framkomma vad som fungerar effektivt och korrekt. I sådana sammanhang förs sällan någon diskussion om hur den information som presenteras kommunicerar med en användare.

    Syftet med detta forskningsprojekt är att på ett generellt plan öka kunskapen om olika analytiska perspektiv för att studera den information som presenteras i ett användargränssnitt på en datorskärm, som ett led till att skapa begriplig information för människor. Mer preciserat är syftet att få en djupare förståelse för hur en informationslämnare kan kommunicera med en informationsanvändare genom den information som presenteras i ett användargränssnitt. Målet med forskningsprojektet är att presentera ett antal relevanta analytiska perspektiv som kan användas för att beskriva hur presenterad information i ett användargränssnitt kan kommunicera med en användare. Forskningsresultatet bidrar med ett ramverk som kan ligga till grund för ett analysstöd. Forskningsresultatet bidrar även med en ansats för framtida forskning inom området.

    Forskningsprojektet bygger på fyra fallstudier. Analysobjekten i fallstudierna utgörs av fyra olika användargränssnitt på datorskärm, vilka används inom olika myndigheter, organisationer och företag. Vartdera användargränssnittet och dess informationsdesign studeras med hänsyn till: informationslämnarnas önskemål och intentioner, informationsanvändarnas upplevelse och förståelse av information och kontexters påverkan.

    De slutsatser som dras är bland annat att informationsdesign i ett användargränssnitt på datorskärm upplevs och förstås av användare i samklang med inre, när och yttre kontext. Dessa kontexter kan studeras utifrån tre olika perspektiv, ett semiotiskt, ett retoriskt och ett narrativt perspektiv. En sådan analys kan framhäva den kommunikation som sker mellan de budskap som informationslämnaren vill berätta, hur den presenterade informationen i användargränssnittet arrangeras och komponeras och hur olika kontexter påverkar användarnas upplevelse och förståelse av den information som presenteras.

  • 4.
    Bergström, Emelie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Bird, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    "ÄTA BÖR MAN, ANNARS DÖR MAN": En studie om möjligheten till implementering av lakto-ovo-vegetarisk och ekologisk kost i Eskilstuna kommuns förskola2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe the possibility of implementing a lacto-ovo-vegetarian and organic diet in Eskilstuna municipality’s public preschool. Furthermore the purpose was to identify and describe the most important components involved in the implementation and their influence in the process.  The methods used were a survey based on a literature study. This study includes general information about meat production and consumption and also the use of pesticides in farming. It also brings up the environmental and health effects caused by the previously mentioned areas. The effects caused by meat production and consumption are, among others, greenhouse gas emissions and increased risk of some forms of cancer. The effects of pesticides are not fully stated but present studies indicate that the effects, especially regarding the environment, are negative. The study then narrows and describes the situation and organization in Eskilstuna municipality and finally describes the possible implementation process. The conclusion of the study was that an implementation is possible and a needed step towards a reduction of negative environmental and health impact. Learned habits that are created in an early age can act as a base for present and future challenges. Children will become the consumers of the future. An organic and lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet reduces the amount of antropogenic distributed compounds and greenhouse gases to the environment and can function as an instrument towards the achievement of the Swedish Environmental Objectives. Goals that are set by Eskilstuna municipality can also be favored by an implementation of the suggested diet in the public preschool.

  • 5.
    Bockgård, Gustav
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet, Seminariet för nordisk namnforskning.
    Tunón, HåkanUppsala universitet, Centrum för biologisk mångfald.
    Gäller vanligt folkvett också för akademiker?: Rapport från ett seminarium om makt och etik2010Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    From public sector to Welfare pluralism - the Swedish situation in child, family and elderly care2014In: International seminar about the role of the family for the elderly care, between Sweden, Korea and japan: Who care for the elderly? / [ed] Lee, Jinsook, Daegue University, Dague University, Korea, 2014, p. 21-27Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 7.
    Börgel, Erika
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    "Många tror att det är knepiga personer som mobbas men det är tvärtom": En diskursanalytisk studie om den medialt konstruerade bilden av mobbning bland vuxna i arbetslivet2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Nio procent av svenskarna uppger att de har blivit mobbade på sin arbetsplats. För det mesta är det en överordnad som är förövaren. Mobbningen yttrar sig genom olika handlingar men gemensamt för de individer som drabbas är att det innebär stora konsekvenser för hälsan, och det är inte ovanligt att de slås ut ur arbetslivet helt. Mobbning innebär också stora ekonomiska kostnader för organisationen där den sker och för samhället i stort. Syftet med denna studie har varit att genom en diskursanalytisk ansats med retoriska inslag studera hur bilden av mobbning bland vuxna i arbetslivet konstrueras i och genom media. Genom en retorisk analys har det identifierats hur vuxenmobbning kan legitimeras som ett socialt problem, men också vad som skrivs om fenomenet och vilka orsaker som antas vara bakomliggande. Vilken bild som presenteras och reproduceras i media skapar villkor för hur vi pratar om mobbning och hur vi tror att problemet kan lösas. Det har betydelse för hur arbetsgivare och kollegor agerar när mobbning uppdagas på arbetsplatsen - tar man tag i problemet eller blundar man för det som sker? Resultatet visar att den bild som ges i media i stort sett går i linje med mobbningsforskningens. I media pekas arbetsorganisationen och ledarskapet ut som de viktigaste faktorerna till fenomenets uppkomst och existens. Men det finns de som menar att individuella egenskaper också är bakomliggande, vilket bidrar till att bekräfta att vissa egenskaper och personlighetsdrag ökar risken för att utsättas för mobbning. 

  • 8.
    Ekström, Belinda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lean i offentlig förvaltning: En studie av leanimplementeringen inom Trafikverket2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem, Lean is a working method that has become more common in the public sector as it is expected to streamline everyday operations. A demand that more organizations need to consider. Within academic circles the efficiency of Lean is discussed, but also what is actually included in the concept of lean. The Swedish Transport Administration has implement lean as working method within a specific part of the organization, consisting of Traffic Engineers from six different regions. The aim is to streamline four different case management teams in their work. A previous quantitative survey has shown that the experience of lean and lean implementation varies in the different regions. This study focuses on finding out why.

    Purpose, The purpose of the study is to evaluate the Swedish Transport Administrations lean implementation and seek answers for why the regions have embraced the approach to different degrees, and why attitudes to lean differ between the regions.

    Method, The study's objective was to examine the underlying causes of why the attitudes towards lean differ among the different regions. Therefore, the study was based on a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews. These interviews were conducted in groups with traffic engineers to get a more region-specific overview of the problem. Interviews were also also conducted with the lean implementation managers in each region. The basis for the conclusions presented in this study are these interviews and an interdisciplinary review of previous research in the areas of: Innovation, Lean, Theory of Change and Organizational Culture.

    Conclusion, Organizational Change is a subject that is often treated mechanically, but with an organizational change, there must be an understanding of the complex systems that function within the organization. A change will engage and change the conditions for more employees than those directly involved, which affects the entire organization.Lean as a work method is more than a number of tools. There is an overarching philosophy that the Transport Administration needs to understand and make their own if they are to succeed in their lean work. Attitudes about lean depends on several factors. The regions experiencing that they previously had problems and that with lean have experienced an improvement is more in favor of lean as a working method. They also feel they have more influence on their work and that they are able to point out what they think needs to change. These regions give expression that communication in the implementation phase has been clear and correct. The regions who has taken a negative view to lean expresses that they have not had any problems with its previous approach. They also feel that lean mean a locking of the work where they used to be able to come up with their own initiatives and that they must now adapt to working methods that are not designed for the their specific needs. Communication has been experienced vague or nonexistent. In some cases, the attitudes towards lean have been directly affected by the spread of rumors that have arisen in the absence of clear information.

  • 9.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Coultas, Julie C.
    Stockholm University.
    Corpses, maggots, poodles and rats: Emotional selection operating in three phases of cultural transmission of urban legends2014In: Journal of Cognition and Culture, ISSN 1567-7095, E-ISSN 1568-5373, Vol. 14, no 1-2, p. 1-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In one conception of cultural evolution, the evolutionary success of cultural units that are transmitted from individual to individual is determined by forces of cultural selection. Here we argue that it is helpful to distinguish between several distinct phases of the transmission process in which cultural selection can operate, such as a choose-toreceive phase, an encode-and-retrieve phase, and a choose-to-transmit phase. Here we focus on emotional selection in cultural transmission of urban legends, which has previously been shown to operate in the choose-to-transmit phase. In a series of experiments we studied serial transmission of stories based on urban legends manipulated to be either high or low on disgusting content. Results supported emotional selection operating in all three phases of cultural transmission. Thus, the prevalence of disgusting urban legends in North America may be explained by emotional selection through a multitude of pathways. 

  • 10.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Simpson, B.
    University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States .
    Poverty Prefers Company2014In: Social Psychology and Personality Science, ISSN 1948-5506, E-ISSN 1948-5514, Vol. 5, no 3, p. 319-325Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In three web-based experiments, we show that both actual poverty and experimentally induced (imagined) poverty create a preference for greater inequality. Study 1, a cross-national comparison between Americans and Swedes, showed that respondents who were actually poor and those who were experimentally induced to imagine that they were poor tended to express a heightened preference for greater inequality, and for a higher proportion of poor citizens. Study 2 replicated the effects using different procedures. Study 3 showed that imagining oneself being poor increases preferences for a greater proportion of poor people, but imagining oneself being rich does not increase preferences for a greater proportion of rich people. This poverty prefers company effect might affect support for policies aiming at reducing the number of poor people.

  • 11.
    Florin, Ulrika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Från idé till gestaltningsförslag: fallstudie från Projekt Konstpaus2010Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The overall intention of this research project is to increase knowledge regarding design processes in general and artists' design processes specifically. The research is carried out as a case study based on the sketch processes that took place within Projekt Konstpaus (The Art Break Project). The sketches, or suggested designs, are the main objective for analysis and consideration in this study.

    Projekt Konstpaus (The Art Break Project) is a development pro­ject partially financed by the European Union (EU). The vision of the project embodied equality, multiculturalism and sustainable community development. The municipality of Strängnäs, Sweden was the leading partner in the project and provided the necessary support for the project idea, financing and infrastructure. The innovative aim of the project was to have various groups of people from different backgrounds working together in the same processes. The project team consisted of several artists and people with university educations, such as archaeologists, cultural geographers, biologists and geologists. The main objective of the project team was to provide the basis for the construction of a culturally inspired walking and bicycle path. Several rest spots/rest stops (“konstpauser”) designed with artistic cha­racter and influenced primarily by the municipality’s extensive nature/cul­tural heritage will be found along the path (which has been approved for construction). One initial task of the project team was to make an inventory of the nature and culture artifacts within the project area as a means of promoting na­ture/culture preservation for the benefit of future generations through information sharing. The walking/bicycle path will be accessible to all, with special provision for physically challenged individuals. The intention is to provide an environment for both quietude and physical recreation.

    The artists within the project embedded their artistic interpretations of the inventory and communicated them by suggesting artistic designs (sketches) related to the planned path. A jury then considered the sketches. Sketch, text, models and jury decisions (regarding the designs) are the objective of this research. The analysis of the material (sketches, texts, models and jury decisions, both oral and written) exposes the artistic processes. It is also the key to understanding the messages the artists intend to convey through their suggested designs. It is important to realize the significance (specific characteristics) of different types of sketches to be able to make decisions based on sketch materials. When sketches are examined, this awareness is central to making the right decision. In this study, three different types of sketches are examined, and the reading of each type is discussed.

    When studying the suggested designs, insight was gained regarding the differences between using computer-aided design and traditional sketch tools. Knowledge was also increased concerning the development of sketch techniques generally, and when using computers specifically. A dualism of sight and seeing in terms of the visualization of an idea exists, and it is discussed in the light of empirical examples. It is also placed in relation to important technological steps taken earlier in history. The use of Camera Obcura as a helpful tool for composition is one such step. The use of this tool impacted on how the inner view was changed and, with that, manners of expression as well. This is seen in the composition of paintings and the use of language. Our thinking is influenced by what we see, and that, in turn, influences our thoughts. In our contemporary western paradigm, our commonly-held definition of "seeing" is influenced by computer-gained visual representations and the processes used when producing them. The study confirms that while this particular type of sketch exposes the suggested design idea a bit clearer than traditional sketches, it also reveals errors in the suggested designs. I have also found that both written and spoken language routes the interpretation of sketch material. In terms of understanding how the suggested designs are chosen by a jury, this component (the spoken or written language) was seen in the empirical material revealed in this study. It was also theoretically confirmed.

    Together with an overall insight into the artistic processes, this study confirms the possibility of using artists in a development process. In this project, the process was to promote na­ture and culture preservation. It is valuable to integrate diverse areas of knowledge in the same process. This is true in both a social and an environmental sense. Finally, findings in this analysis confirm that artists are able to convey messages through their suggested designs (sketches). Those messages include interpretations of place, space, history and findings related to the project area.

  • 12.
    Florin, Ulrika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Konstnärskap i samspel: : om skapande arbetsprocesser i myndighetsledda samverkansprojekt2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Artists in interaction: creation processes in official collaborative projects is a doctoral thesis that explores the creation processes of artists, when the project owner defines the purpose, theme and framework. The area is explored from the artists' perspective and the overall research question deals with the opportunities and obstacles that artists face when working in collaborative projects.

    To be able to explore the artists' working processes, in which sketches and models were tools, concepts from the visual research field were combined with knowledge theories that derive from the area of practice-based research. The knowledge theories draw on an updated understanding of ancient philosophy developed by, among others, the philosopher Martha Nussbaum. Rudolf Arnheim’s concepts of visual thinking are also vital for the interpretation of the visuals.

    The results indicate that skills in different sketching techniques build trust and enable communication. However, the artists experienced that it was more difficult to integrate the more indefinable parts of their knowledge, which relates to improvisation and intuition, even though this was highlighted as the most vital force in their working processes. The consequence is that the artists have not always followed their artistic intentions, which in some cases also meant compromising the quality of the works of art  they produced. The collaboration between the artists and the project-owner representatives could be more enriching for both parties if the artists' implicit knowledge is respected as a resource and given some room, although this may involve certain risks.

    The study also provides results regarding the interpretation of models and sketches, and discusses in what way different sketches can support (or hinder) communication in different stages of a design process, i.e. what aspects are important to consider when sketches are used to support communication. Particularly interesting is that the findings demonstrate that spoken and written language has a significant impact on how sketches are interpreted; the use of verbal language is therefore an important factor in presentations built on visuals.

  • 13.
    Folkesson, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Morgondagens skola: En studie av det uråldriga sättet att arbeta2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
  • 14.
    Granlund, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Rosio, Carin
    Jonkoping Univ, Sch Engn, Dept Ind Engn & Management, Jonkoping, Sweden..
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Johansson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Lead factory operationalisation and challenges2019In: Production planning & control (Print), ISSN 0953-7287, E-ISSN 1366-5871, Vol. 30, no 2-3, p. 96-111Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper deepens the understanding of the lead factory concept by examining how the lead factory role is operationalised and what challenges are associated with it. The research is based on an explorative case study of eight Swedish lead factories in the manufacturing industry. The empirical findings suggest that the understanding of the lead factory concept should be extended as it is not restricted to one type of set-up. The findings show a spectrum ranging from an entire manufacturing plant, parts of a plant, to a virtual plant considered to be the lead factory. The research also shows a broad range of challenges experienced by lead factories. Several of these are related to and originate from unclear role, responsibility and mandate of the lead factory. The lack of dedicated resources for lead factory activities, specifically long-term development and difficulties in measuring the benefits of the role, were other challenges faced.

  • 15.
    Grönlund, Sophie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Narvell, Jacob
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Johansson, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Värdeskapande i sociala interaktioner: Ett innovativt synsätt på kundförståelse genom interaktion och engagemang2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Research-question: Which key activities do companies use to create value together with theircustomers through social interactions?

    Purpose: This study aims to investigate which activties the interviewed companies use in theirvalue-creation processes with their customers through social interactions.

    Method: The research question was examined by using a qualitative research design, throughsemi-structured interviews. A purposefull sample of eight respondents with different positions,from various companies operating in multiple fields.

    Conclusion: The study indicates that the interviewed companies use different kinds of keyactvities in their value-creation processes with their customers through social interactions. Someof the activities were shared in all of the companies, and some are more commonly used and hasproved to be more efficiant than others. Regardless of which activities were used by thecompanies, and regardless of which company, there was a similar process used by all companies:the company sends out output, this output reaches the customers and engages them. The processis driven by this engagement and through this engagement the company can gain information andknowledge, which they use to improve and make changes that are necessary to better match theircustomers’ needs and wishes. The improvements that are implemented by the companycontributes to the customers’ engagement and encourages them to continue with their socialinteractions with the company.

  • 16.
    Hjelm, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Möller, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    En skyltserie om Mälsåkers slott: - text, bild och layout ur ett informationsdesignsperspektiv2007Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Mälsåkers slott utanför Strängnäs saknar information för sina spontana besökare som kommer när slottet är stängt. Riksantikvarieämbetet som förvaltar slottet efterlyste fem informationsskyltar med text och bild som skulle placeras ut i slottets park. Texterna skulle bygga på slottets forna ägare och göra avstamp i fem olika tidsepoker. Vi har utifrån litteratur, undersökningar och egna erfarenheter konstaterat att många utställningstexter inte blir lästa. Genom detta examensarbete har vi försökt förändra detta och skapa texter som inte bara blir lästa utan även upplevs som intressanta och spännande. Skyltarnas bild och layout skulle passa väl in i slottets miljö och anpassas efter en given målgrupp. Våra metoder har bestått av litteraturstudier, studiebesök, intervjuer och utprovning med fokusgrupp för att få en tydlig bild av målgruppens önskemål. Under utprovningen visade det sig att konceptet med fokus på människor och vår skönlitterära stil fångade läsaren och gjorde texterna lättsmälta och intressanta. Vårt arbete bygger inte på någon förundersökning av målgruppen eller någon föranalys av utställningstexter utan grundar sig på litteratur och fältstudier. Vi har inte heller utfört någon utvärdering av slutresultatet då skyltarna vid examensarbetets deadline ännu inte placerats ut i sin miljö.

  • 17.
    Hånell, Sara Melen
    et al.
    Stockholm Sch Econ, Dept Mkt & Strategy, POB 6501, S-11383 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Rovira Nordman, Emilia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation. Stockholm Sch Econ, Dept Mkt & Strategy, Sweden.
    Tolstoy, Daniel
    Stockholm Sch Econ, House Innovat,POB 6501, S-11383 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Sharma, Dharam Deo
    Stockholm Sch Econ, Dept Mkt & Strategy, POB 6501, S-11383 Stockholm, Sweden..
    Pursuing Innovation: An Investigation of the Foreign Business Relationships of Swedish SMEs2018In: British Journal of Management, ISSN 1045-3172, E-ISSN 1467-8551, Vol. 29, no 4, p. 817-834Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to contribute to the international business field and research on the innovativeness of international SMEs, by addressing the following research question: To what extent and under which circumstances does relationship connectedness affect perceived innovativeness in international SMEs? To answer this question, the authors create a model that examines the mediating effects of two types of foreign business relationship strategies: relationship differentiation and relationship investments. In order to create this model, the authors draw upon behavioural internationalization process theory, network theory and research into SMEs. The findings reveal that relationship investments mediate the effect relationship connectedness has on perceived innovativeness. This study contributes to research about the innovativeness of international SMEs by showing that being connected to resources in the network is not, in itself, a guarantee of becoming or remaining innovative in foreign markets.

  • 18.
    Jallow, Cherno
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    IDÉER INKUBERADE FÖR FRAMGÅNG: En kvalitativ studie om en inkubators styrkor och svagheter inom det svenska innovationssystemet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Idélab is a government financed and non-commercial incubator within Mälardalen University. Their main objective is to give developing support to idea holders and entrepreneurs who have a direct connection to the university. The majority are students that rarely have experience regarding product- and business development. The students need, ambition and knowledge differs when they enter the incubator. Idélab is challenged with adapting their processes to satisfy everyone, and to do so with reasonable resources. Instead of finding out whether or not Idélab can increase the number of successful and growing companies, the dissertation gives the notion that an operational strategy rather be further developed. The organization needs to map out and categorize their users with focus on need and direction. Therefore the recommendation is to redefine the vision and internal as well as external goals. This could help to clarify their own definition of what success and sustainable growth means to their users and themselves.

  • 19.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Pitfalls in Spatial Modelling of Ethnocentrism: A Simulation Analysis of the Model of Hammond and Axelrod2013In: JASSS: Journal of Artificial Societies and Social Simulation, ISSN 1460-7425, E-ISSN 1460-7425, Vol. 16, no 3Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Ethnocentrism refers to the tendency to behave differently towards strangers based only on whether they belong to the ingroup or the outgroup. It is a widespread phenomenon that can be triggered by arbitrary cues, but the origins of which is not clearly understood. In a recent simulation model by Hammond and Axelrod, an ingroup bias evolves in the prisoners’ dilemma game. However, it will be argued here that the model does little to advance our understanding of ethnocentrism. The model assumes a spatial structure in which agents interact only with their immediate neighbourhood, populated mostly by clones, and the marker becomes an approximate cue of whether the partner is one. It will be shown that agents with an ingroup bias are successful compared to unconditional cooperators since they only exclude non-clones, but are outcompeted by less error-prone kin identifiers. Thus, the results of the simulations can be explained by a simple form of kin selection. These findings illustrate how spatial assumptions can alter a model to the extent that it no longer describes the phenomenon under study.

  • 20.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    What Strategic Structures Support the Evolution of Ethnocentrism?Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Game theory deals with the impact of strategic structure on interactions. It is of course not known what strategic structures (i.e., games) dominated interactions in the evolutionary past of humans. Evolutionary models often uncritically assume some game, typically some kind of the prisoners’ dilemma, to investigate the effects of some other feature of the model. Here, another approach is suggested: What can be said about the likely strategic structure of interactions, given the features of human evolved psychology? The feature considered in this paper is ethnocentrism (also known as ingroup bias), which refers to the tendency to behave differently to different strangers simply depending on whether they seem to belong to the ingroup or the outgroup. Analysis and simulations of simple evolutionary models indicate that only some strategic structures are conducive to the evolution of ethnocentrism. In particular, this class does not contain the prisoners’ dilemma, but it does contain anti-coordination and coordination games, with socially optimal strategies being more frequent in ingroup interactions in the latter, especially if the other strategy is risk dominant, which applies to a class of games known as the stag hunt. This indicates that the strategic structure of coordination games, such as the stag hunt, and anti-coordination games, such as hawk-dove, may have been more common than games of cooperation and defection in human’s evolutionary past.

  • 21.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Strimling, Pontus
    Institutet för framtidsstudier, Sweden.
    Vartanova, Irina
    Institutet för framtidsstudier, Sweden.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics.
    Public opinion change explained by the moral psychology of liberals and conservatives2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Klang, Nina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Lillvist, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication. Örebro University.
    Pless, Mia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Granlund, Mats
    Örebro University.
    The utility of ICF for describing interaction in non-speaking children with disabilities: Caregiver ratings and perceptions2007In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 26, no 22, p. 1689-1700Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Knezevic, Zlatana
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    A Cry for Care But not Justice: Embodied Vulnerabilities and the Moral Economy of Child WelfareIn: Affilia, ISSN 0886-1099, E-ISSN 1552-3020Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the pivotal role of the body for political recognition and rights claims in child welfare “moral” interventions. I examine how the bodily figures in child welfare assessments, linking these manifestations to the concept of the moral economy of care. A sample of assessment reports from a Swedish municipality, all addressing violations of children’s bodies or integrity, are used as empirical material. I show how the psychosomatically suffering child is being best “heard” as vulnerable. I also argue that such a moral economy of care silences children’s accounts of gendered and racial injustices. Furthermore, racialized moral divides are indicated when assessments of different child bodies are considered. A concluding remark points to a need for a child welfare moral economy of social justice that responds to structural intersecting injustices in childhoods, including to those of a racialized child welfare and its individualized and symptom-oriented services.

  • 24.
    Kovala, Tommy
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    This electricity price is too high for my household: Why are some households sensitive to the electricity price, when others barely are sensitive at all?2017Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The key-solution for a sustainable electricity system is demand flexibility. If we use technology to distribute the information, demand flexibility could be incentivized by dynamic pricing, so that real problems and costs in the electricity system become transparent for electricity consumers.

    Utilities and electricity retailers have tried to offer such contracts before, but deemed the necessary educative interventions for consumers too expensive and retreated to nominal price competition (Flaim et al., 2013). Using a questionnaire, collecting intentions for demand flexibility, we reveal that lacking knowledge is just one of many areas that could be targeted with interventions.

  • 25.
    Kusnierz, Alicia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Pettersson, Alexandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    En projektgrupps upplevda innovationsklimat: En studie som behandlar det upplevda innovationsklimatet i en projektgrupp vid Eskilstuna Energi och Miljö2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie behandlar det upplevda innovativa arbetsklimatet hos en projektgrupp vid Eskilstuna Energi och Miljö (EEM). För att studera detta har undersökningsledarna använt sig av kvantitativ och kvalitativ undersökningsmetod. Det i form av en enkätundersökning med fem deltagande personer ur projektgruppen och intervjuer med samma fem personer. Det övergripande syftet är att undersöka hur arbetsklimatet upplevts i en projektgrupp vid EEM. Fokus inom studien ligger på in-novation och gruppklimat. Med stöd av teori och empiri byggs kun-skap som är relevant för studien. Utifrån det dras slutsatser och nya kunskaper genereras om projektgruppens upplevda arbetsklimat. En diskussion med förslag på förbättringsområden presenteras i studien samt en återkopplingsmodell. Denna modell ska ge EEM ytterligare kunskap inom området återkoppling och i sin tur ge fler lärdomar gäl-lande organisationens fortsatta projektarbeten i framtiden.

  • 26.
    Lindenfors, Patrik
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet.
    Sandberg, Mikael
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Jansson, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Demokratins evolution2012In: Gaudeamus, ISSN 0016-5247, no 1, p. 14-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 27.
    Löfgren, Jesper
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bergman, Michaela
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Crowdsourcing och den kollaborativa ekonomin: En studie om individers upptagande och beslutsfattande kopplat till kollaborativa tjänsteinnovationer2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Crowdsourcing and the sharing economy are essential models for open innovation when facing the challenges of tomorrow. Dealing with global problems require global cooperation and common responsibility, where the sharing economy may become crucial. In this quantitative study we examine how the adoption and decision-making process occurs when we let 50 students take part in a collaborative service innovation. We look at some already existing collaborative innovations, explain relevant concepts and show how Diffusion of innovations can be used to understand something as complex as adoption and diffusion of service innovations in social systems. Furthermore, we show how the framework for conceptualization of crowdsourcing can be used to understand how the environmental aspect and the willingness to cooperate can drive a crowd to share skills, resources and knowledge. Conclusions are presented and a contribution to help crowdsourcing ventures and collaborative networks is highlighted to understand individual adoption and the preconditions that affects their decision-making.

  • 28.
    Milestad, Cecilia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Zars, Pär
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hållbar stadsutveckling: En jämförande studie av hållbara bostadsprojekt och miljöindikatorer2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    PROBLEM: Environmental issues often contain complex connections which are hard to analyse and explain in a simple way, without using far-reaching or rough simplifications. With ongoing urbanisation, cities become a key role in reaching sustainable development.

    AIM: The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the usefulness of two tools to create environmental indicators. The indicators are then used to evaluate four housing projects which all have a sustainable approach. 

    METHOD: The method used is inductive, where empirical data is collected and analysed to create a result.

    RESULTS: EFFem is easy to use and when dealing with transparency and nuance, the tool is satisfying in creating sustainability indicators. The results, however, are not always unambiguous. SGA is suitable for analysing certain aspects of sustainability projects as done in this thesis. In its current state it is not eligible for extensive analysis of project sustainability because it does not meet the demands for transparency and sources.  Finally, smaller building projects, especially the Jöns Ols project, seem to have lesser environmental impact than larger scale projects.

  • 29.
    Nilsson, David
    et al.
    KTH, Stockholm.
    Blomkvist, Pär
    KTH, Stockholm.
    Karpouzoglou, Timos
    Lawhon, Mary
    The city beyond the network2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historically, the modern infrastructure ideal has dominated the imagination of urbanists. As a consequence, cities and their infrastructures of pipes, roads, wires and trams, have largely been built in the same way all over world. Or have they? Recent urban scholarship suggests that cities and their modes of service provision needs to be re-envisaged, especially in the global South, not just through the lens of the ’situated’ but through disentangling it from the modernist framing altogether. The multilayered challenges - including new types of vulnerabilities of technology and users - experienced by cityregions worldwide imply that a new thought-model is called for. This paper picks up the concept of ‘Heterogeneous Infrastructure Configuration’ (HIC) suggested by Lawhon, Nilsson, Silver, Erntson and Lwasa (2017). In somewhat speculative fashion we go on to hypothesise that Stockholm, Nairobi and Kampala are at interesting historical junctures in terms of conceiving infrastructures and how they distribute power and risk across user spectrums. Are urban infrastructures across the globe being re-engineered from below, but for different reasons? We sketch at a research agenda where grounded and diverse experiences of global North and South will generate new insights for sustainable transformation of cities globally.

  • 30.
    Omorede, Adesuwa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    Kilu, Rufai Haruna
    The Affective Motivation of Women Miners in Ghana2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Affective motivation (motivation that is emotionally laden usually related to affect, passion, emotions, moods) in the workplace stimulates individuals to reinforce, persist and commit to their task, which leads to the individual and organizational performance. This leads individuals to reach goals especially in situations where task are highly challenging and hostile. In such situations, individuals are more disposed to be more creative, innovative and see new opportunities from the loopholes in their workplace. However, when individuals feel displaced and less important, an adverse reaction may suffice which may be detrimental to the organization and its performance. One sector where affective motivation is eminently present and relevant, is the mining industry. Due to its intense work environment; mostly dominated by men and masculinity cultures; and deliberate exclusion of women in this environment which, makes the women working in these environments to feel marginalized and. The mining industry in Ghana has mostly been seen as a very physical environment especially underground and mostly considerd as “no place for a woman”. Despite the fact that these women feel less “needed” or “appreciated” in such environments, they still have to juggle between intense work shifts; face violence and other health risks with their families, which put a strain on their affective motivational reaction. Beyond these challenges however, several mining companies in Ghana today are working towards providing a fair and equal working situation for both men and women miners, by recognizing them as key stakeholders, as well as including them in the stages of mining projects from the planning and designing phase to the evaluation and implementation stage. Drawing from the psychology and gender literature, this study takes a narrative approach to identify and understand the shifting gender dynamics within the mine works in Ghana, occasioning a change in background disposition of miners, which leads to more women taking up mine jobs in the country. In doing so, a qualitative study was conducted using semi-structured interviews from Ghana. Several women working within the mining industries in Ghana shared their experiences and how they felt and still feel in their workplace. In addition, archival documents were gathered to support the findings. The results suggest a change in enrolment regimes in a mining and technology university in Ghana, making room for a more gender equal enrolments in the university. A renowned university that train and feed mine work professional into the industry. The results further acknowledge gender equal and diversity recruitment policies and initiatives among the mining companies of Ghana. Lastly, the women miners were seen in an organized, solidarized moves, judging the time ripped to step forward for a change in the statues quo. This study contributes to the psychology and Gender literature by highlighting the hindrances women face in the mining industry as well as highlighting several of their affective reactions towards gender inequality. Furthermore, the study elaborates on how these emotional reactions may be detrimental or beneficial to the success of the industry. The study also provides several suggestions for decision makers in the mining industry of what can be done in the future to reduce the gender inequality gap within the industry.

  • 31.
    Realpe-Gómez, J.
    et al.
    Quantum Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, United States.
    Andrighetto, Giulia
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. National Research Council, Rome, Italy; Institute for Futures Studies, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nardin, L. G.
    National Research Council, Rome, Italy.
    Montoya, J. A.
    Universidad de Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias, Bolívar, Colombia.
    Balancing selfishness and norm conformity can explain human behavior in large-scale prisoner’s dilemma games and can poise human groups near criticality2018In: Physical review. E, ISSN 2470-0045, E-ISSN 2470-0053, Vol. 97, no 4, article id 042321Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Cooperation is central to the success of human societies as it is crucial for overcoming some of the most pressing social challenges of our time; still, how human cooperation is achieved and may persist is a main puzzle in the social and biological sciences. Recently, scholars have recognized the importance of social norms as solutions to major local and large-scale collective action problems, from the management of water resources to the reduction of smoking in public places to the change in fertility practices. Yet a well-founded model of the effect of social norms on human cooperation is still lacking. Using statistical-physics techniques and integrating findings from cognitive and behavioral sciences, we present an analytically tractable model in which individuals base their decisions to cooperate both on the economic rewards they obtain and on the degree to which their action complies with social norms. Results from this parsimonious model are in agreement with observations in recent large-scale experiments with humans. We also find the phase diagram of the model and show that the experimental human group is poised near a critical point, a regime where recent work suggests living systems respond to changing external conditions in an efficient and coordinated manner. 

  • 32.
    Sannö, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Fundin, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. IPR (Innovation and Product Realisation).
    A co-creating research approach when exploring episodic change for sustainable operations2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Industry is a key player in the transition to a sustainable society and academia can support this transition by conducting relevant research and transferring knowledge to practice. This paper complements operations management methods by presenting a co-creative approach on two levels; a model on a conceptual level and the operationalisation of this model when supporting a sustainable operations change project. By building on trust and relationships, finding common problems and make funding and resources available, the paper presents how gaps of knowledge can be overcome in the collaborative research work between academia and practice.

  • 33.
    Schunnesson, Jonathan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eliasson, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Omvärldsbevakning: Värdeskapande eller Luftslottsaktivitet?2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study set off in a notion, rather than insight; there seems to be a lot of talk about how innovation should thrive and how the environment should be scanned, but not so much about the relationship in between. While the usefulness of sharing information about the environment is seldom questioned, how the information sharing comes to play is as seldom a topic for debate. This sparked our curiosity and to explore the phenomena deeper we conducted interviews with nine out of the ten co-workers within the unit for Research & Innovation at LFV.

    The result indicates that while environmental scanning was believed to be an important part of their work, they had no strategic guidelines on how it should be exerted and it was viewed to be more of a passive part in their practical work. Furthermore, their work situation was highly individualized and autonomous, which made them very motivated to scan the environment, but also caused a certain discrepancy in how they perceived it. This combination of disparate perspectives, high motivation and lack of unanimity resulted in a rather narrow monitoring of the environment and an imbalance between the interest and the actual use of information. While information was greatly sought after by everyone, the information shared was not perceived as meaningful in the same extent.

    Some co-workers meant this induced an overload of information and therefore became more restrictive in their information sharing, but others became frustrated that the information they shared never seemed to be used and thus shared even more as a response. Hence, the effect was not only self-fulfilling and reflexive, but also inhibited the environmental scanning from becoming a significant element in the innovation process.

  • 34.
    Siljebråt, Sara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Klasson, Martina
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Ett student anpassat inredningskoncept: - för restaurangen Down Town i Eskilstuna2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet har innefattat att utforma ett inredningsförslag till restaurangen Down Town i Eskilstuna. Förslaget har anpassats till den primära målgruppen studenter i åldersgruppen 18 – 35, på Mälardalens högskola i Eskilstuna. Vår uppdragsgivare har en vision om att restaurangen i framtiden ska bli en naturlig mötesplats, där studenter till förmånliga priser kan äta lunch och umgås. Utifrån en enkätundersökning, intervju med uppdragsgivaren, resultatet av rums analysen, inspirationsresan och litteraturstudier har vi arbetat fram ett helhetskoncept anpassat till målgruppen.

  • 35.
    Stare, Georg
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Nilsson, Jonas
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Den multifasetterade innovationsprocessen som framgångsfaktor i ett innovativt företag: Ett undersökande case i Serendipityformen2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a graduation project in Innovation Management, which seeks to enlighten new theories within the major subject – the multi‐faceted innovation process.

    The reader is hereby invited to an insight in the more complex perspectives of these types of theories than what has previously been explained in simplified ways.

    We have conducted research on a company within the cleantech market; Cellkraft AB. The company develops and produces fuel cells amongst other products, which have emerged during their research and development in the fuel cell technology. Cellkraft works in a high‐tech frontline market where innovation is key. We wanted to see if we could find relations between Jan Buijs’s theories about the multifaceted innovation process as a factor of success and Cellkraft AB as a real company.

    Through our research we have found support for our thesis that the innovation process is more complex than traditionally explained, which must be taken into consideration from a leadership perspective and with this essay we want to make a push for new theories within our major research area and we know that our work will bring the reader interest and knowledge.

  • 36.
    Stigson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, Department of Public Technology.
    Reducing Swedish Carbon Dioxide Emissions from the Basic Industry and Energy Utilities: An Actor and Policy Analysis2007Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis is to analyze the design of the present climate and energy policies. The main focus is on how the policy instruments affect the Swedish stakeholders who are included in the European Union’s Emission Trading Scheme (EU-ETS). In-depth interviews have been carried out with representatives from the basic industry, energy utilities as well as industrial and green organizations. The purpose is to illustrate have how these stakeholders view the current policy framework and what amendments that they view as necessary.

    Suggestions to the Government are given regarding the design of national policies and policy instruments to provide for an improved policy framework. The information and synthesis have furthermore been collected through extensive literature studies as well as participating at conferences and seminars.

    The thesis is written as a monograph in order to address a larger group of readers interested in the transition of energy systems towards sustainability as well as policy makers and Swedish stakeholders. The common understanding that the global energy systems have to undergo a transition to renewables and higher energy efficiency due to the earth’s finite sources of fossil fuels and uranium presents large challenges for policy makers and business sectors as well as the society in general.

    Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions have to be drastically reduced and the work to achieve this has started through international negotiations such as the Kyoto Protocol. As the present commitment levels are low, an important issue in a short-term perspective is to develop a more comprehensive and efficient system with a much wider participation and more stringent emission targets.

    In order to achieve current national policy goals and international GHG emission commitments the Swedish Government utilizes a number of policy instruments that are either nationally self-assumed or called for by international agreements or the European Union. The Swedish stakeholders that are included in the EU-ETS face a broad policy framework that has a large impact on their daily operations and future investment strategies. It is imperative for the policymakers, i.e. the Government, to act in accordance with the long-term perspective that the climate change issue and the transition of the energy system require. It is likewise important that any actions are in accordance with the operational and investment climate that the business sector faces. It is argued that these aspects are not fully considered as the success of the next national budget or term of public office seems to overshadow these issues. A long-term perspective is required to provide the business sector with stable and reliable incentives. This is needed to provide the economic conditions under which the businesses can realize investments that will result in emission reductions. Short-term policies reinforce the view of environmental investments as a form of risk investments. This negatively affects the possibility of the policy instruments to effectively achieve established policy goals.

    Paying attention to these requirements is however not a simple task for policy makers as it will require agreements between the political parties. This demonstrates the main political difficulty with climate change – the requirement of a long-term and full commitment by all state authorities. It should be noted that the thesis does not attempt to describe the Swedish policy makers as neglecting the urgency of acting to mitigate climate change. The national agenda is far to advanced from an international perspective for such statements. The thesis however pinpoints some important issues highlighted by stakeholders, within the business sector and other organizations, who are concerned with the present climate and energy policy framework.

    Some of the findings are as follows:

    • Reducing GHG emissions in order to combat climate change must include a long-term perspective

    • The design of policy instruments should consequently be long-term to increase the support for investments in GHG emission reducing technologies

    • The design of policies that promote low GHG production alternatives within the energy utilities should be improved

    • The large potential for reduced GHG emission available through fuel switching and energy efficiency improvements in the Swedish basic industry should be promoted by amended policies

    • Reformulate or abandon the national GHG emissions target goal with the current formulation

    • Strive for an emission rights allocation system that is as transparent, fair and predictable as possible

    • The policy framework should aim for a high level of stability through interaction with the affected stakeholders

    • These factors are inherently important for the overall efficiency of the policy framework

  • 37.
    Stigson, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Dotzauer, Erik
    KTH Royal Institute of Technology.
    Yan, Jinyue
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Climate and Energy Policy Evaluation in Terms of Relative Industrial Performance and Competitiveness2009In: International Journal of Green Energy, ISSN 1543-5075, E-ISSN 1543-5083, Vol. 6, no 5, p. 450-465Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Due to differences in greenhouse-gas abatement costs within the industrial sectors, there is an ongoing discussion on potential negative competitive effects of climate and energy policies. This article argues that policymakers must acknowledge the relative performance of industrial operations parallel to the competitors, the compulsoriness of policies, and the harmonization of policies accordingly. To this end, the authors suggest a tool aimed for robust participatory policy evaluations at decision-maker levels. The tool promotes policy learning, transparency, and consensus building, hence contributing to more effective and efficient policy design and management process. The tool is exemplified in a Swedish context.

  • 38.
    Svensson, Roland
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Andersson, Per
    Mälardalen University.
    Nyström, Per
    Mälardalen University.
    Öman, Viktor
    Mälardalen University.
    MER14, MDH:s Evaluation for improved Research quality: Research evaluation conducted at Mälardalen University in 2013-142014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The report presents background, process and results of a research evaluation conducted at Mälardalen University (MDH) in 2013-14. The evaluation covered all research at MDH and consisted of three basic elements; a self-evaluation, bibliometric analyses and peer review

  • 39.
    Swenberg, Thorbjörn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Dalarna University, Sweden.
    Editorial intentions and viewer perceptions: An audiovisual methodology for studying film editing and eye movements2016In: Visual Methodologies, ISSN 2040-5456, Vol. 4, no 2, p. 13-33Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article presents an audio-visual methodology, VOSMET, designed to address activities of the craft of film editing, with a focus on the use of perception, and its implications. The methodology employs 13 different visual aspects and five different audio aspects, starting with video-recording observations of an editor, and ending with the analysis of eye-tracking data from film viewers. Craft research needs methodologies that address craft activities and cognitive approaches. Design practices share a similar need for reaching deeper understanding. It is neither established how film editors achieve perceptual precision in continuity editing in practice. The VOSMET methodology simultaneously captures bodily actions, utterances, software events, and keystrokes, along with the audiovisual material under processing, and uses graphics to distinguish between what takes place. The methodology also contributes by grasping what a film editor attends to, how this attention functions, as well as how perceptual factors are handled by the film editor. Finally, the methodology can evaluate editorial intentions against film viewer perceptions.

  • 40.
    Söderbaum, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Icke hållbar exploatering2006In: Upsala Nya Tidning, no 15 juni, p. 4-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Söderbaum, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hedlund, Anders
    MKB-Centrum, Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet.
    Kan MKB stärka demokratin och bidra till hållbar utveckling?2007In: MKB: Perspektiv på miljökonsekvensbeskrivning, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2007, p. 155-170Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Vi lever i ett demokratiskt samhälle. Demokratiska strävanden kan därför tas som utgångspunkt för hur beslutsprocesser organiseras och beslutsunderlag utformas. Omställning till en hållbar utveckling ställer också krav på beslutsprocesserna, inte minst på grund av att mål och medel för en sådan utveckling är svåra att identifiera. Etiska och ideologiska utgångspunkter är viktiga i sammanhanget och bör lyftas fram.

  • 42.
    Torsne, Tommy
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Innovation- och säkerhetsvetenskap: En fruktbar syntes2008Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    The foundation for the thesis is a literature study within two areas: safety and innovation science. In the thesis safety science will revolve around how different methods and various models are used to identify and reduce risks, i.e. to secure the functionality within limited systems. Theories of innovation will among other things revolve around the process of creating ideas and bring them to market. The intention is to present central thoughts and conceptions within these two disciplines. In relation to this stage, theories from innovation will be taken into consideration in order to supplement the general working order of how risks in technical system are handled. The purpose is to enrich the area of safety with inspiration from theory of innovation and to generate hypothesis for continuous research.

    Theory of innovation has a tradition of bringing ideas or changes forward while theory of risk mainly revolves on identifying and acting on problems. This will be expressed as a tendency within risk and safety not to take particular parts developed within theory of innovation into consideration, and therefore you may miss valuable knowledge around the ability to bring change to a successful close. This can for example be expressed as theory of innovation has more detailed knowledge surrounding development of a solution, selection of a solution, and how these solutions are best implemented. The study has shown that theory of innovation can supplement the area of risk and safety and that these two areas, in a collected form, can improve the requirement for working with the reduction of risks. The result can from an organizational perspective be about improved conditions for long term survival by an increased awareness into different work strategies strengths’ and weaknesses’.

  • 43.
    Vestin, Maria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Dennel Ringstad, Jealine
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vägen till tillväxt: En kvalitativ studie om innovation sett ur ett jämställdhetsperspektiv inom svensk ishockey.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie behandlar jämställdhetsaspekten inom Svenska Ishockeyförbundet och några utvalda underliggande divisioner. Ämnet jämställdhet är ständigt ett debatterat ämne i dagens samhälle på alla olika nivåer och arbetet kring frågan är både aktuellt och viktigt. Det finns en önskan att genom denna studie skapa ett intresse kring ämnet ur ett nytt perspektiv, och att visa en nyanserad bild än den negativa bild som idag ofta förmedlas. Jämställdhet och det arbete som krävs för att utveckla det förmedlas många gånger som en börda och något problematiskt. Samtidigt förmedlas inte fördelarna med jämställdhet i förhållande till de förbättringar det kan leda till inom alla organisationer. Generellt diskuteras jämställdhet och mångfald, vilka förändringar som kan leda till en utveckling och hur paradigminnovation kan utveckla en organisations redan befintliga jämställdhetsarbete. Brister förtydligas och förändringsförslag ges för att kunna skapa en bättre balans mellan könen i en mansdominerad organisation. Detta görs genom semistrukturerade intervjuer riktade till ett antal utvalda respondenter. På grund av att denna studie vill undersöka en social verklighet är en kvalitativ forskningsmetod att föredra. Detta eftersom att det ger störst utrymme när det handlar om enskilda individer. Med det sagt är denna studie baserad på kvalitativ forskning för att kunna påvisa den sociala verklighet som avspeglar organisationen.

  • 44.
    Yngvesson, Markus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Andersson, Henrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Biomanagement2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The society is changing faster than ever and more and more business is actively seeking help with their organisation. The theory in business management of our time is making man and nature more and more distinct from each other, it celebrates the intellect and logical thinking but forgets about our biological legacy. This paper is arguments for a more natural way of management and compares mankind’s communication with other developed species communication with emphasis on business management. For a durable and long-term development of the society it takes a whole new way of thinking; If everyone is selfish, no one gets anything but if everyone gives everyone gets – to give is to receive.

    In order to connect the theory with the reality interviews and an exercise was carried out on a company in Mälardalen. The interviews were analyzed with the aid of concentrating sentences in to categories in order to survey the activity in the corporation. The exercises were carried out as a statement of the positive effect of cooperation and a giving instead of an egoistic way of acting.

    This paper is to be seen as a wake up call and inspiration for further research than as a psychological or scientific thesis.

  • 45.
    Öqvist, Andreas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Sandberg, Emil
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Idélab en innovativ organisation?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med den ökade globaliseringen, ställs det dagligen nya krav och förväntningar på organisationer att möta de fluktuerande behov som omvärlden ställer på dem. Användningen och spridningen av begreppet innovation har aldrig varit så stort eller starkt som idag och det sträcker sig alltifrån regeringspropositioner, forskning, varumärken och konsumentartiklar. Alla vill ta del av det nya ”inne ordet - innovation” men vad är egentligen innovation och vad innebär det för en organisation att vara innovativa? Vi har valt att försöka samla dessa begrepp för att åstadkomma en förståelse för vad innovation egentligen är och hur en organisation kan dra nytta av det.

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