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  • 1.
    Back, Natalii
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Bergvärme som energikälla2008Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    2008-05-26

    Bedrock heat as an energy source

    The sun has warmed up the bedrock and this heat can be used for warming up houses. Approximately 100 – 200 meters down in the bedrock the temperature of the heat is stable. This is a source of energy that can be used by installing a heat pump system. The ground source heat pumps are low maintenance and can last for many years. There is also a pollution risk for the groundwater and therefore the wells in the area. Before the ground source heat pump can be installed the municipality need to give permission, according to the environmental code. To install the system without permission is a crime against the environmental code. A requirement when applying for permission to install the heat pump system is to get the neighbours to agree with the place for the bore hole. The neighbour can appeal against the environmental and health authorities’ decision to give permission to install the ground source heat pump system. However there needs to be more research done regarding the environmental effects that may occur in the future, if the ground source heatpump system continues to increase as rapidly as today.

  • 2.
    Carlsson, Elin
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Stråle, Anna
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Riktlinjer för enskilt avlopp: Underlag för bedömning av normal och hög skyddsnivå i Köpings kommun2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    In Sweden, the eutrophication of lakes, water courses and the coastal areas is considered the major threat to aquatic ecosystems and therefore actions taken to reduce the nutrient load to aquatic system including the Baltic Sea has high priority. There are many different sources of phosphorous and nitrogen and domestic wastewater is one contributing factor to the high load. Especially waste water from households that is not connected to municipal sewage treatment or a local small scale plant with appropriate nutrient removal efficiency is considered a problem. These types of households are quite common in rural areas in Sweden and in areas where summer houses has been converted to permanent living. Swedish legislation now permit the municipalities to decide in which areas within the municipality higher demands of the local small scale treatment facility should be met by the households (i.e. high protection level) and where it is acceptable with a less efficient treatment facility (i.e. normal protection level). In this study, using the Swedish legislation, Swedish Environmental goals and simple Hazard Assessment Schemes a proposal for how these protection levels could be used in the municipal of Köping, one of the municipals with water courses entering Lake Mälaren, the 4th biggest lake in Sweden and with large problems with eutrophication will be presented.

  • 3.
    Curtolo, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Bruning, Andrea
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    What would be the efficient ways for Switch Pac to increase potential demand and capitalize on green attitudes and behavior in the Swedish market?2008Oppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Date: 6/16/2008

    Institution: School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology, Mälardalen University, Västerås (Sweden)

    Authors:

    Brüning, Andrea

    830111

    Västerås

    Curtolo,Anna

    820517

    Västerås

    Tutor: Tobias Eltebrandt

    Title: A Study of Switch Pac: what would be the efficient ways for Switch Pac to increase potential demand and capitalize on green attitudes and behavior in the Swedish market?

    Problem: What would be the efficient ways for Switch Pac to increase potential demand and capitalize on green attitudes and behavior in the Swedish market?

    Purpose: The aim of our project is to see the potential of Switch Pac’s oxo-biodegradable plastic bags on the Swedish market by capitalize on green attitudes and behaviour.

    Method: The report is based on primary data collected through questionnaires (end consumer/ B2B customers). For the investigation of Switch Pac’s macro- and microenvironment secondary data was used (books, journals, newspaper and the Internet)

    Conceptual Framework: The conceptual framework consists of certain models to investigate the following topics:

    Consumer behavior

    AIDA-Model

    STP-Model

    Switch Pac´s business environment

    PESTEL

    Conclusion/ Recommendations: In our conclusion based on our frameworks PESTEL, AIDA and STP we concluded that peoples’ awareness regarding environmental friendly plastic bags are not very high based on our questionnaire. The efficient ways for Switch Pac to increase potential demand is to target the customer in the age range from 20 – 49 years and cooperate with supermarkets and (department) stores. Furthermore, Switch Pac needs to position its products in the consumers mind through create brand awareness by using certain elements of the marketing mix model.

  • 4.
    Eriksson, Kimmo
    et al.
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för utbildning, kultur och kommunikation, Utbildningsvetenskap och Matematik. Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Strimling, P.
    Stockholm University, Sweden.
    Andersson, P. A.
    Linköping University, Sweden.
    Aveyard, M.
    American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
    Brauer, M.
    University of Wisconsin-Madison, United States.
    Gritskov, V.
    Saint Petersburg State University, Russian Federation.
    Kiyonari, T.
    Aoyama Gakuin University, Japan.
    Kuhlman, D. M.
    University of Delaware, United States.
    Maitner, A. T.
    American University of Sharjah, United Arab Emirates.
    Manesi, Z.
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Molho, C.
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Peperkoorn, L. S.
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Rizwan, M.
    Delve Pvt Ltd, Pakistan.
    Stivers, A. W.
    Gonzaga University, United States.
    Tian, Q.
    Shandong Normal University, China.
    Van Lange, P. A. M.
    Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Vartanova, I.
    National Research University, Higher School of Economics, Russian Federation.
    Wu, J.
    Beijing Normal University, China.
    Yamagishi, T.
    Hitotsubashi University, Japan.
    Cultural Universals and Cultural Differences in Meta-Norms about Peer Punishment2017Inngår i: Management and Organization Review, ISSN 1740-8776, E-ISSN 1740-8784, Vol. 13, nr 4, s. 851-870Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert)
    Abstract [en]

    Violators of cooperation norms may be informally punished by their peers. How such norm enforcement is judged by others can be regarded as a meta-norm (i.e., a second-order norm). We examined whether meta-norms about peer punishment vary across cultures by having students in eight countries judge animations in which an agent who over-harvested a common resource was punished either by a single peer or by the entire peer group. Whether the punishment was retributive or restorative varied between two studies, and findings were largely consistent across these two types of punishment. Across all countries, punishment was judged as more appropriate when implemented by the entire peer group than by an individual. Differences between countries were revealed in judgments of punishers vs. non-punishers. Specifically, appraisals of punishers were relatively negative in three Western countries and Japan, and more neutral in Pakistan, UAE, Russia, and China, consistent with the influence of individualism, power distance, and/or indulgence. Our studies constitute a first step in mapping how meta-norms vary around the globe, demonstrating both cultural universals and cultural differences. 

  • 5.
    Rosenblad, Maria
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Miljöutredning på Care of Haus: För och nackdelar med ISO 140012008Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Today many companies and municipalities requires that their suppliers should have an environmental management system to work by. This might be one of the reasons to the increasing number of companies that today are implementing environmental management systems. Care of Haus is one of the companies that thinks that the benefits are bigger than the disadvantages, when it comes to environmental management systems, therefore they have made the choice to work with ISO 14001.

    The ISO 14001 standard is deified on the PDCA- cycle. PDCA stands for Plan, do check and act. Care of Haus choose to work with the ISO 14001 standard since it is a well-known standard for the companies that’s Care of Haus collaborates with and it is also well-known within their clientele

    Within this report an environmental investigation has been made. Care of Haus consumption of water, energy, transportation etc. have been measured and analysed. An investigation concerning whether Care of Haus reaches the demands set by the ISO 14001 standard, and an environmental policy was also made. The results are that Care of Haus has transportation and energy consumption as their biggest environmental aspects. When working towards “constant improvement” ISO 14001 catchphrase, the environmental aspects should improve.

  • 6.
    Welander, Mattias
    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hållbar samhälls- och teknikutveckling.
    Hårvårdsverksamheter ur ett miljö- och hälsoskyddsperspektiv: Kartläggning av frisörer i Danderyd och Vaxholm och utarbetande av checklista för inspektioner2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 poäng / 15 hpOppgave
    Abstract [en]

    Hair care is a hygienic treatment and is supervised by the Local Environment and Public Health Committee in the municipality. According to the Swedish Environmental Code, hairdressers as all practitioners are required to take measurements to protect the environment and public health. In hygienic treatments hazards may arise from inadequate hygiene practice which spread infection. Hazards may also arise from the use of hair care products such as permanent wave solutions, bleaches and hair dyes. Some hair dye components are known to cause contact allergy, mostly in hair dressers who are exposed professionally but also in some cases in consumers. Bleaches increase the risk of occupational asthma in hairdressers. Some studies have shown an increased risk of cancer in hairdressers and possibly also in consumers. The use of cosmetic and hygienic products also affects the environment. Some components, e.g. surfactants, are hazardous to aquatic organisms, even though the contribution from hair care products is relatively small. Some hairdressers perform ear piercing. All activities that penetrate the skin involve a risk of infection. There is also a risk of developing a nickel allergy if the earrings are not nickel free. In Sweden, due to recently changed legislation, hairdressers no longer need to notify the Local Environment and Public Health Committee before starting a practice. The changes also mean that the rules about documentation of the measurements practitioners need to take to protect public health are less clear. The changes have made the supervision of hairdressers harder for the Local Environment and Public Health Committee.

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