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  • 1.
    Abbasi, Rezgar
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Grupparbetens pedagogiska och socialpedagogiska betydelse: En kvalitativ studie om socionomstudenters erfarenheter och upplevelser av grupparbete.2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate group-oriented pedagogy and its effects, based on the subjective experiences of social students, i.e. to study the pedagogical and special educational significance of the group work. This has been done through a qualitative approach where the selection was turned towards a targeted group, and then semi-structured interviews were conducted. The result shows that group-oriented pedagogy was perceived positively, instructively and educating in large part among the respondents despite some conflicts and different views. Furthermore, characteristics such as acceptance, responsiveness, adaptation and openness are highlighted and emphasized as something that is bred or refined by working in groups. Other aspects that emerged from the results were prerequisites for a functional group work, where the respondents listed some criteria such as willingness to cooperate, group size and constellation as important conditions for a well- functioning group work. In summary, the study's content highlights that there are great opportunities for development within group work, but that it is also important to continuously develop and keep an eye on the group processes.

  • 2.
    Abrèu, Lorenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hodzic, Amela
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Hemlöshet: En studie av missbruk och stämpling2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Med denna studie ville vi belysa hur före detta hemlösa upplevt de sociala myndigheternas insatser samt vilken hjälp de fick under deras tid som hemlösa. I studien medverkade åtta personer som tidigare varit hemlösa. Vi har tillämpat teorier från sociologer så som Erving Goffman (Stigma), Howard Becker (avvikarkarriären) samt Johan Cullberg (kris och utveckling). Detta för att kunna belysa empirin som framkom i studien. I studien har vi använt oss av sex artiklar från tidigare forskning som handlade om hemlöshet. Detta delades upp i fyra olika kategorier och utifrån dessa har vi tillämpat vår empiri. Denna studie utgår från en kvalitativ metod med en hermeneutisk forskningstradition.

    Resultatet i studien visade att hälften utav respondenterna var nöjda med de insatser de fick från de sociala myndigheterna. Vi kunde även se att motivation till förändring inte endast var ett krav från de sociala myndigheterna utan genom motivation fick respondenterna de resurser de var i behov av. Andra hälften var inte nöjda med myndigheternas insatser då en del kraven var alldeles för många och svåra att uppnå. Samtliga respondenter betonade frivilliga organisationers betydelse som bidrog till att respondenterna kunde ta sig ur hemlösheten.

  • 3.
    Ahrlow, Catarina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Leijthoff, Sofia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    "JAG VILLE KUNNA SÄTTA ETT EX FRAMFÖR PROSTITUERAD": Sex kvinnors livsberättelser om sina prostitutionserfarenheter.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva och analysera kvinnors självupplevda erfarenheter av prostitution. Studien önskade besvara frågeställningen: vilka förväntningar, händelser, upplevelser och känslor som format dessa kvinnors resa i steget in, genom och ur prostitution? Studien som var av en kvalitativ ansats har baserats på sex ostrukturerade livsberättelser av kvinnor med erfarenhet av prostitution. Fokus vid intervjuerna har varit kvinnornas egna beskrivningar, upplevelser och känslor av resan in, under och ur prostitution. Studien har haft ett socialpsykologiskt perspektiv som utgångspunkt och dess teoretiska ramverk har bestått av Scheffs begrepp om skam, Goffmans teori om stigma samt Fuchs Ebaugh’s teori “the process of role exit”. Studiens resultat visade på att flera samverkande händelser och upplevelser i kvinnornas liv påverkade deras känslor och förväntningar på sig själva, vilket var framträdande inslag i kvinnornas livsberättelser om deras process, in- genom och ut ur prostitution. Kvinnornas upplevelser och känslor kring prostitutionen framkom vara komplexa. För att kunna bemöta och stödja kvinnor med prostitutionserfarenhet krävs av socialarbetare en förmåga att lyssna utan att döma och kunskap om prostitutionsprocessen. Detta för att inte ytterligare skambelägga och stigmatisera kvinnor med prostitutionserfarenhet.

  • 4.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Temaledare: Vård på lika villkor – Vad kan vi lära av Lärandeprojektet?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 103-106Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Akkurt, Nizamettin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Huuhka, Taru
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    RISK FÖR UTSATTHET HOS BARN OCH UNGDOMARMED FUNKTIONSNEDSÄTTNING2014Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study review was to examine risk for vulnerability of children and youth with disabilities and in which kind of environments. Three themes were discovered during the study and these were body functioning, activity and participation and surrounding factors. Earlier studies showed the different kinds of risks that children with disabilities could be vulnerable for and in what extent. The risks varied from physical, psychological and sexual abuse to bullying and less participation in various school- and out-of-school activities. The study was a systematic review which means to search, examine and compile existing literature of the topic at hand. The results showed that children with disabilities are at increased risk for different types of vulnerability in comparison to children without disabilities. It also showed that children with disabilities participate less in activities at school and out of school than children without disabilities and that home- and school environments did propose a risk for vulnerability. Girls with disabilities were overrepresented in the risk category of sexual abuse. Conclusions that could be drawn from this review were that socioeconomic factors had a relation with children with disabilities being or not being vulnerable.

  • 6.
    Allared, Jenny
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Wirén, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ”Det finns ju inget svårare än att behöva bryta upp med hela sin familj”: En intervjustudie om hur socialtjänsten och skyddade boenden han- terar ärenden som innefattar hedersrelaterat våld och förtryck2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to gain a deeper understanding how social workers at social ser- vices and sheltered housing work with cases involving honor-related violence and oppression (crimes of honour). The following questions are clarified; What dilemmas do social workers describe at social services and in sheltered housing in the work to support women? How can the work on honor-related violence and oppression be understood in relation to a critical practice? The study is based on qualitative interviews with a total of six social workers active in social services and at sheltered housing with women exposed to honour-related violence and oppression. The study's results showed that honour-related violence and oppression are a com- plex area of work, where it can be seen as a challenge for the social services and sheltered ho- mes to assess where a woman can settle in order to be safe. However, the work risks creating stereotypical ideas that can lead to minority groups being stigmatized. All respondents emphasized that the decision to leave the family for a woman exposed to honour violence is a difficult decision, which can lead a woman to return to her old life. When a woman has left her family, it can lead to a feeling of isolation and loneliness. All respondents emphasized that a big part of the work consists of strengthening the woman's own resources and working towards an independent life. Against the background of the previous research that emphasizes the im- portance of collaboration between authorities, there was also an agreement among all respon- dents that a collaboration between different performers is necessary in order to be able to pro- vide protection for the woman in the acute phase, but also in the longer term be able to maintain the woman's protection.

  • 7.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    To make oneself heard - children's perceptions of empowerment in the Swedish preschool context2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, there has been a developing interest concerning children’s voices in for example decision-making and planning within different educational contexts, such as the preschool. Although children’s rights are emphasized, it is not clear how these rights are expressed in children’s everyday life. Further, children from a minority ethnic group risk marginalization in relation to other children as well as to significant adults and the society as a whole. The aim of this study was to analyze children’s perceptions of empowerment in a preschool context in a gender and ethnicity perspective. Data, collected in 2010, comprised of 25 children at 4 different preschools (aged 4-6, 13 girls, 7 children with other ethnicity than Swedish). Two different methods were used: (1) a group interview with 5-8 children at a time, using a puppet interview technique, playing different scenarios involving the children as co-actors, and (2) a photo walk where children took photos of their indoor and outdoor environment. The photos were used as stimulated recall in individual interviews with the children to let them express their empowerment in the everyday life at preschool. Children’s perceptions were in part related to environmental prerequisites such as the social and physical context of the preschool as well as more distal factors such as resources and values on the macro level. Therefore, to highlight the preschool as an influential micro environment in children’s exercising of empowerment, the interview analysis was based on an ecological systems perspective.The intersectional perspective was used to emphasize possible differences in the children’s perceptions of empowerment due to gender and ethnicity. The results indicate that children perceive the preschool teacher as an uncontested authority. In the preschool environment with least resources and most ethnic diversity among the children, there seem to be a tendency that children perceive the teachers as even stronger authorities, than in the more affluent preschool environments. The peer relations are, however, more complex and questioned by the children. If children have internalized parts of the social context, like rules, seem to vary due to their own experience of consequences of such rules. A salient prerequisite for empowerment is to increase children’s opportunities to understand and be understood. Therefore, preschool teachers need to elaborate on children’s experiences.

  • 8.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Umeå University.
    Swedish fathers' motives for parental leave take-up in different scenarios2013In: Women, Men and Children in families: Private Troubles and Public Issues / [ed] Eriikka Oinonen, Katja Repo, Tampere: Tampere University Press , 2013, 1, p. 91-112Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lassinantti, Kitty
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Social Work Practices for Young People with Complex Needs: An Integrative Review2018In: Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, ISSN 0738-0151, E-ISSN 1573-2797, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 207-219Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this integrative review is to investigate research of social work practices for adolescents and young adults with complex needs. The research questions are: What are the major themes in studies of practices for young people with complex needs? How do studies suggest that complex needs can be met in ways that are beneficial for young people? A young person with complex needs is in this review defined as an adolescent or young adult who, due to mental ill-health in combination with different types of social vulnerabilities, is receiving assistance from multiple welfare services. Searches were conducted in seven databases. These searches resulted in a sample of 1677 records, published 2007-2016, which in the screening process were reduced to 24 publications, all peer-reviewed articles. The participants in the studies in the articles consisted of young people, parents and professionals from mainly Anglo-Saxon countries. The articles were analyzed with qualitative summative content analysis. Three empirically generated themes were found in studies of work practices targeting young people with complex needs: collaboration-, relationship- and empowerment-oriented practices. In conclusion, the practices contain a wide variety of features, but with the joint aim of acknowledging young people's needs. The results can be used by practitioners and policymakers to further the development of services for youth with mental ill-health and social vulnerabilities, who use multiple welfare services.

  • 10.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Lassinantti, Kitty
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Young people with complex needs meet complex organizations: an interview study with Swedish professionals about sustainable work practices2018In: Community, Work and Family, ISSN 1366-8803, E-ISSN 1469-3615, Vol. 21, no 5, p. 620-635Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper concerns preconditions for the well-being of young people with mental ill-health combined with social vulnerabilities, also referred to as youth with complex needs. Research questions are: What barriers to sustainable work practices for young people labelled as having complex needs do professionals encounter? What do professionals identify as possible ways to overcome these barriers? Sustainable work practices are reflected in three themes: empowerment, relationships and collaboration. The findings are based on semi-structured interviews with 24 professionals, 3 men and 21 women, working in psychiatric care and the social services in two Swedish municipalities in 2016 and 2017. Major barriers are lack of continuity and co-ordination in staff and support, and fragmentation of work practices. As a consequence of the increased specialization of human service organizations, young people have to interact with many different professionals which could cause disparate interventions. Possible ways mentioned to overcome these barriers are supported through good interactional skills, using keyworkers as well therapeutic alliances, wrap-around services and case management. Complexity is linked to organizations and work practices rather than to young people. An often dysfunctional service delivery system in organizations with rigid boundaries may also affect professionals’ aim for sustainable support.

  • 11.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Papporna och motiven: Den svenska föräldraledigheten i ett geografiskt perspektiv2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to investigate Swedish parents’ attitudes and experiences in two counties, concerning the use of paid parental leave. The counties Västerbotten has the highest and Skåne the lowest paid parental leave use among fathers. Two municipalities with high and low parental leave use among fathers were studied in respective county, Umeå and Lycksele (Västerbotten) as well as Lund and Tomelilla (Skåne). The methodology was inspired by grounded theory. Data was collected during 2008 and comprised of 32 interviews with fathers and mothers, 20 interviews with key persons like midwives and HR-managers at male dominated enterprises. It also included basic statistics on the municipalities. The results indicate that a traditional division of household labor is a stronger pattern in Skåne couples compared with Västerbotten couples. The same pattern occurs in municipalities with a low parental leave use among fathers compared with those with a high use. A more positive attitude to the parental insurance is found in the municipalities with a high parental leave use among fathers compared to those with a low use. One explanation could be that changes tend to first occur in heterogeneous environments with a relatively young and well educated population, which is the case for Umeå and Lund. In Västerbotten, the Swedish Social Insurance Agency and enterprises had campaigns during the 1990s to increase men’s parental leave use which may have contributed positively. Fathers in both counties express positive experiences from having been on parental leave. A dominant impression is that employers overall have shown a positive attitude to fathers’ leave taking.

  • 12.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Parental Leave in Sweden: Motives, Experiences, and Gender Equality amongst Parents2011In: Fathering. A journal of theory, research, and practice about men as fathers, ISSN 1537-6680, Vol. 9, no 2, p. 189-206Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Dahlgren, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Parental leave in Sweden: Motives, perceptions and gender equality among parents2010Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper investigated Swedish parents’ motives for, experiences of and gender equality in relation to paid parental leave. The purpose was to explore similarities and differences in attitudes and experiences between parents in the two regions in Sweden with the largest difference in paid parental leave use among fathers. Data were drawn from interviews completed in 2008 with 16 heterosexual couples with a child born 2005 or 2006. The semi-structured interviews were analyzed according to grounded theory. In terms of experiences of the leave, a positive similarity in the study was that the couples described that they got to know the child better. Some negative similarities were that they felt they were alone and restricted. Primarily, the fathers in the northern part, focused on the lack of male networks. A traditional division of labor was a stronger pattern among couples in the southern region compared with the couples in the northern region. Tendencies are indicated towards an increased child-orientation, which could be connected with a change in hegemonic masculinity. In conclusion, the differences discovered between the four communities may to a great extent be depending on a cultural lag. This implied that change in values tend to take place first in social environments with multiple heterogeneous actors.

  • 14.
    Almqvist, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication.
    Dhalgren, Lars
    Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet.
    Parental leave in Sweden: Motives, experiences and gender equality among parents – focusing fathers2010In: ISA 2010, XVII World Congress of Sociology, Gothenburg, Sweden, July 11-17, 2010, p. 22-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to explore similarities and differences in motives, experiences and gender equality between parents in two municipalities (one smaller than the other) in each of the two counties in Sweden with the largest difference in paid parental leave use among fathers. Data were drawn from interviews in 2008 with 16 heterosexual couples with a child born 2005 or 2006. The semi-structured interviews were analyzed inspired by grounded theory. A positive similarity was that couples experienced that they got to know the child better. Negative similarities were that mothers and fathers occasionally felt alone and restricted, fathers emphasized lack of male networks. Traditional division of household labor is a stronger pattern among couples in the southern county compared with couples in the northern county. Tendencies are towards increased child-orientation among fathers, which could connect to change in hegemonic masculinity, not necessarily related to increased gender equality in household labor. Differences may depend on that changes in values tend to first occur in heterogeneous social environments, such as the larger municipalities. In the northern county, extensive campaigns have been held during the 1990s to encourage men’s use of paid parental leave, which may have contributed to regional difference.

  • 15.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Efterord (fri översättning av japanska titeln)2003In: Who Cares? Culture, Structure and Agency in Caring for the Elderly in Japan: Japanese family and care seen with Swedish eyes (fri översättning av japanska titeln) / [ed] Hitoshi Asano & Kayoko Minemoto, Tokyo: Chuohoki (Japaneese); Institute of Oriental Languages (English) , 2003, p. 189-204Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Existential issues in later-life care, a Swedish case study2008In: Kwansei Gakuin University Social Sciences Review, ISSN 1342-8861, Vol. 13, p. 63-99Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    On the Need to Address Spirituality and Well-Being in Later Life Care - Some Reflections2006In: Advanced social research, Vol. 4, p. 101-134Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Policy Language in Old Age Care, Does it Steer or Reflect Ideology?2013In: New Tools in Welfare Research / [ed] Ellinor Brunnberg & Elisabet Cedersund, Uppsala: NSU press , 2013Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Researching Home Help Services for the Elderly in Japan and Sweden: How Cultural Concepts Affect the Research Design2004In: Changing worlds and the ageing subject: Dimensions in the study of ageing and later life / [ed] Britt-Marie Öberg, Anna-Liisa Närvanen, Elisabet Näsman, Erik Olsson, Aldershot: Ashgate , 2004, p. 96-114Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Considers the humanistic-historical dimension of ageing and substantiates new perspectives on family roles and intergenerational relationships. Also examines age discrimination, the impact of the increase in early retirement, the effect of old and new technology on older people's lives, and more.

  • 20.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Anbäcken, Owe
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    One hundred Japanese study visitors' perspective on Swedish welfare.2000In: Japan and Korea in a Nordic context: proceedings from the 1998 Stockholm conference : the fifth Nordic Symposium on Japanese and Korean Studies / [ed] Ulla Frisk, the Institute of Oriental Languages, Department of Japanese Studies, Stockholm University , 2000Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Asano, Hitoshi
    Kwansei Gakuin University, Japan.
    Minemoto, Kayoko
    Osaka University of Human Sciences, Japan.
    "What can be learned from Sweden" (fri översättning av japanska titeln)2003In: Who Cares? Culture Structure and Agency in Caring for the Elderly in Japan: "Japan`s family and care seen with Swedish eyes" (fri översättning av japansk titel) / [ed] Hitoshi Asano och Kayoko Minemoto, Tokyo: Chuohoki , 2003, p. 159-187Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 22.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för vård och välfärd.
    Dahlgaard, Jens Jörn
    Linköpings universitet, Tekniska högskolan.
    Must Be and Attractive Quality in Elder Care - Barriers and Challenges?2005In: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Quality Management for Organisational and Regional Development : QMOD 2005 Palermo, Italy 29.06.2005 - 01.07.2005. , 2005, p. 71-Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 23.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Hashimoto, Masaaki
    Rikkyo University, College of Community and Human Services.
    Inagaki, Mikako
    Ibaraki Christian University, Deptm of Human Welfare.
    Yamamoto, Etsuko
    Keisen University, Deptm of International Social Studies.
    Hellström, LInda
    Linköpings universitet.
    Nilsson, Karin
    Linköpings universitet.
    Voices from inside: A study of nursing home residents`views of life, ageing and care in Japan and Sweden2008In: Older people in an international local context; The cases of Japan and Sweden / [ed] Els-Marie Anbäcken & Yasuhito Kinoshita, Stockholm: Vårdalstiftelsen www.vardal.se , 2008, 1, p. 214-255Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 24.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Kinoshita, YasuhitoRikkyo University, Tokyo, Japan.
    Older people in an international local context: The cases of Japan and Sweden2008Conference proceedings (editor) (Other academic)
  • 25.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Socialt arbete.
    Nitta, Masako
    Sapporo Gakuin University, Japan.
    "Until death do us part?" Experienced institutionalisation: Couples  experiences in a spouses`placement process in Sweden and Japan2008In: Older people in an international local context; The cases of Japan and Sweden / [ed] Els-Marie Anbäcken & Yasuhito Kinoshita, Stockholm: Vårdalstiftelsen , 2008, 1, p. 165-213Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 26.
    Andersson, Alexandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kvinnan och tjänsten: En kritisk diskursanalys av det svenska rättsväsendets framställning av kvinnor som befinner sig i prostitution2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The representation of women in prostitution varies over time and space. This study aims to make visual how women in prostitution are being represented in Swedish judicial system today. The study uses a critical discourse analysis, inspired by Fairclough's three-dimensional model, and is based on a theoretical framework of reification theory, theory of respectability and previous research. The study analyzes 68 court verdicts, published in 2018 on the legal database Karnov Juridik, Kvinnifridspropositionen (Prop. 1997/98: 55) and an evaluation of the law's application and effect (SOU 2010: 49).

    The study makes visible a two-part image of the woman as occasionally invisible and occasionally defined on the basis of prostitution. The study shows how an overall market discursive perspective through the verdicts relates to a focus on the purchase of sex, rather than the parties involved. The study shows that the focus on the woman in prostitution, which was widely criticized and which the law reform intended to shift towards the sex buyers, continues to stay on the women in prostitution.

  • 27.
    Andersson, Ida
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Christiansson, Rebecca
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Man anmäler sin oro, inte en person": En kvalitativ vinjettstudie om skolkuratorers bedömningar av och samverkan kring barn som far illa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Föreliggande undersökning är en kvalitativ vinjettstudie med syfte att studera skolkuratorers bedömningar kring barn som kan antas fara illa samt se hur skolkuratorer samverkar i sådana fall. Sex skolkuratorer från låg- och mellanstadiet har intervjuats och resultatet visar att skolkuratorerna gör skillnader i sina bedömningar och att tillvägagångssätten varierar. Skolkuratorernas tillvägagångssätt var skiftande när de upplevde att det fanns en osäkerhet i huruvida barnet egentligen har det, medan när barnet uppenbart far illa och säger det själv, är bedömningarna snarlika. Däremot visar studien att skolkuratorerna är angelägna att göra bedömningen utifrån vad de anser vara barnets bästa. Samverkan visade sig vara viktigt för samtliga skolkuratorer. Vi kunde se att det fanns tre olika typer av samverkan - samverkan med barnets familj, andra professioner på skolan och samverkan med aktörer utanför skolan. Vi kunde även se att deras tidigare erfarenheter kan ha betydelse för deras bedömning men framförallt valet av åtgärder. Slutsatsen av studien är att skolkuratorerna är i behov av generella riktlinjer, både vad det gäller bedömningar och samverkan, för att skapa samma förutsättningar för barn som far illa.  

  • 28.
    Andersson, Linn
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    "Var drar man gränsen för solidaritet?": En studie om kommunens och ideella organisationers insatser för tiggande EU-medborgare.2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    EU-citizens who are coming to Sweden to beg is a current topic. The purpose of the study was to investigate the actions offered by the municipality and non-profit organizations to help these people. A qualitative approach was chosen and altogether five interviews were carried out, three with municipal representatives and two with different non-profit organizations. The result showed that there is a number of different actions and many of these are based on collaboration with the two parties. All informants were of the opinion that the implementation worked well but that there were clear limitations. The limitations included lack of knowledge about the current group and language difficulties. The results also showed that the most common merits was that the vulnerable EU-citizens were treated as people and that they got food and a roof over their heads. The results were analysed by previous research, Maslow's hierarchy of needs and Antonovsky’s sense of coherence. One of the study’s conclusions was that further knowledge about vulnerable EU-citizens who begs is necessary.

  • 29.
    Aref, Natalie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ekholm, Ida
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    DELAKTIGT BARN ELLER BESKYDDAT BARN?: Socialsekreterares uppfattningar om barns delaktighet i våldsärenden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Studies show that children's participation in social services inquiries are flawed (Inspektionen för vård och omsorg, 2014). Children's views are described as a low priority compared to adults (Östberg, 2010). The aim of this study was therefore to examine how social workers perceive children's participation in inquiries where children are suspected of being victims of domestic violence. The study has been conducted with a qualitative approach in the form of focus group interviews with social workers. Participation models and theory of professions based on the concepts of jurisdiction and discretion has been applied in the analysis of empirical data. The result shows that there is a consistency in how the informants define children's participation but that it has a complex meaning in practice. The informants describe that methods can facilitate children's participation. However, it also appears that there are obstacles such as the children’s age, parent’s involvement, high workload and lack of time. Furthermore, the study shows that social workers perceive children as active participants in inquiries. However, the protection aspect is emphasized as a main factor for children's participation. This study thus highlights that there are both obstacles and opportunities in the practical work regarding children's participation.

  • 30.
    Asp, Victoria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Svärd, Andrea
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    “det kan aldrig bli förlåtet, aldrig någonsin va… aldrig aldrig aldrig”: En intervjustudie om arbetsplatsrelaterad mobbning inom människovårdande yrken2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Through qualitative telephone interviews, individuals' experiences of workplace-related bullying in human-care professions have been investigated in this study. Theories of recognition and stigma have been used as interpretative tools in the analyzes. The experiences of bullying have been spread, but some experiences are shared by informants. Some of the informants stated that the bullying was hidden and the perpetrators wanted to make them look stupid by hiding information. Many of the informants stated that the boss was included in the bullying. The results of the study indicate that bullying has given the participants serious consequences. Mobbing could lead to mental and physical consequences such as anxiety, stomach pain, stress, numbness and sleep discomfort, in addition, the majority of informants were called in sick because of the bullying they were subjected to. The interviews ended in a positive spirit, as most stated that they are doing well today, although some of them are still affected by what has happened to them. The conclusions that can be drawn are that bullying occurred both subtle and direct. The bullying affected individuals physically and mentally. Seven of eight informants were called in sick as a consequence, however, the majority of informants now feel fine.

  • 31.
    Asplund, Love
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Från amatörism till professionalism: en undersökning av organisationerna hos Västerås SK ocg Gideonsbergs IF efter amatörismens avskaffande 19672007Student thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med undersökningen är att belysa hur två fotbollsföreningar i Västerås påverkats av amatörismens avskaffande 1967. Gideonsbergs IF (damer) och Västerås SK (herrar). Undersökningen har fokus på hur dessa föreningars organisation och budget förändrats i och med professionalismens införande i den svenska idrotten, samt hur föreningarna skaffat sponsorer. Dessutom påvisas de skillnader som funnits mellan föreningarna. Forskningsansatsen är kvalitativ och data har insamlats främst från de båda föreningarnas styrelseprotokoll men även genom en intervju med en person som varit anställd av båda föreningarna under den undersökta perioden. Resultatet blev att tydliga förändringar syntes inom båda föreningarnas budget och organisation efter amatörismens avskaffande. Omsättningen i föreningarna ökade och organisationerna effektiviserades. Likheter och skillnader mellan klubbarna redovisas även.

  • 32.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att mötas för lärande och utveckling i socialt arbete och social omsorg: En utvärdering av Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning och Utvärderingsverkstäder2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie var att utvärdera lärande och utveckling i mötesplatser där Mälardalens högskola har samarbetat med Eskilstuna kommun och Västerås stad. Studiens fokusområden var två sådana mötesplatser, Verksamhetsförlagd utbildning (VFU) och Utvärderingsverkstäder (UV).

    Teorier och ansatser om deltagarorienterad forskning och organisatoriskt handlande användes som inspirationskällor och referensram. Det finns olika inslag från olika utvärderingsmodeller, men det finns ett genomgående lärande perspektiv, från formulering av syfte och utvärderingsfrågor till avslutande rekommendationer i utvärderingen. Både intervjuer och enkäter användes för datainsamling. Studenter, handledare och lärare avseende VFU inom socionomprogrammet med inriktning mot missbruk, ohälsa och rehabilitering, samt deltagare och dess chefer avseende UV intervjuades. Enbart utexaminerade studenter svarade på enkätfrågor om VFU.

    Resultaten visar att det finns en betydande nöjdhet med VFU och UV som mötesplatser där regionala aktörer samarbetar. Mötesplatser ansågs bidra till både individuellt och organisatoriskt lärande. Ett antal områden identifierades för vidare förbättrings- och utvecklingsarbete.

  • 33.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Country Case Studies on Paramilitary Organizations2013In: From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System / [ed] Şemsa Özar, Nesrin Uçarlar, & Osman Aytar, Diyarbakir: Diyarbakir Institute for Political and Social Research , 2013, p. 197-220Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Hamidiye Cavalry Regiments: A Historical Overview on a Paramilitary Organization in the Ottoman Empire2013In: From Past to Present a Paramilitary Organization in Turkey: Village Guard System / [ed] Şemsa Özar, Nesrin Uçarlar, & Osman Aytar, Diyarbakir: Diyarbakir Institute for Political and Social Research , 2013, 1, p. 15-38Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    How is methodological emancipation possible?: Rethinking the potentials of multivariate methods for intersectional analyses2013In: New Tools in Welfare Research / [ed] Elinor Brunnberg and Elisabet Cedersund, Köpenhamn: NSU Press, 2013, p. 145-169Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Interkulturella möten för integration i praktiken: Utvärdering av verksamheten flyktingguide/språkvän i Eskilstuna kommun och kommunens regionala/nationella samordningsroll2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med utvärderingen var att identifiera styrkor och svagheter för Eskilstunamodellen för flyktingguide/språkvän i förhållande till verksamhetsmålen på lokal, regional och nationell nivå under 2013-2015. Kvalitativa intervjuer har genomförts med nyanlända och deras språkvänner och med ett urval av projektmedarbetare i Eskilstuna, i Södermanland och i andra kommuner i olika regioner. En observation har genomförts vid en gruppmatchning och tillgängliga dokument från lokal, regional och national nivå har analyserats. I resultat- och diskussionsavsnitten presenteras resultat, reflektioner och slutsatser i form av rekommendationer för hur verksamheter på de tre nivåerna kan utvecklas. Några centrala slutsatser från utvärderingen är:

    * Resultaten visar generellt att verksamhetsmålen på lokal, regional och nationell nivå är uppfyllda.

    * Av de styrkor som har kommit fram i resultaten kan ett visst antal framgångsrika erfarenheter och praktiker lyftas fram.

    * Av de svagheter som kommit fram i resultaten kan nya utvecklings-, förbättrings- och      förändringsarbeten identifieras i förhållande till respektive verksamhets förutsättningar och behov.

    * Av de formella och praktiska benämningar såsom flyktingguide/språkvän, språkvän,      kulturvän, etablerade-oetablerade, volontärer eller liknande, vilka förekommer i olika verksamheter, framgår att det behövs en översyn över benämningar som passar bättre till respektive verksamhets form och innehåll.

    * Av genomgång av befintliga dokument och intervjuresultat framgår att det behövs mer sammanhängande utvärderingsperspektiv i synnerhet i relativt stora verksamheter.

    * Resultaten visar också på behovet av en systematisk dokumentation när förändringsarbeten genomförs.

  • 37.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Involuntary Marriages From a Human Rights Perspective: Towards an Analytical Framework2018In: The Journal of Mesopotamian Studies, ISSN 2147-6659, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 95-120Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this article is to develop an analytical framework for understanding involuntary marriages from a human rights perspective based on the United Nations’ human rights conventions and the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. The empirical material used as a basis for an analytical framework consists of 16 thematic open-ended interviews with Kurds in Sweden. A total of eight of the 16 respondents were below 18 years of age when they married. The results from these interviews show that the majority of interviewees’ marriages are arranged. The results also show that the reasons behind these marriages and the consequences of them are complex and go beyond being mere expressions of gender roles. In addition to the fathers who typically have greater influence than the mothers do, there are differences in power and influence among women as well, such as mothers’ power over daughters and step-mothers’ power over step-daughters. Therefore, there is a need for new and wider perspectives on involuntary marriages, and the analytical framework developed in this article is a part of such a purpose.

  • 38.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    ”Ja, så tänker vi också …”: – Ett programteoretiskt perspektiv på det nationella Lärandeprojektet – Vård på lika villkor2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 116-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Developing a program theory for a project and evaluate the project based on this program theory has both its merits and limitations. These merits and limitations in turn may be depend on the existing attitude towards a particular program theory. This study is about exploring how different phases and parts of the national learning project Care on equal terms (2011-2014) functioned in relation to the program theory developed in the beginning of the project. The result shows that the program theoretical perspective on the project contributed to a better structuring of the various forms of evaluation, given a broader understanding of the project's components and provided better opportunities to improve monitoring of the project by the research team in collaboration with the project management of the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR) and the participating health care units.

  • 39.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    ”Välkommen till Flen – Bäst på bemötande 2011”: Berättelsen om en forskningscirkel för bemötandefrågor2011In: Forskningscirkel – Arena för verksamhetsutveckling i mångfald / [ed] Pirjo Lahdenpära, Västerås/Eskilstuna: Mälardalens högskola , 2011, p. 65-89Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Äktenskap utan egen vilja: En studie om äktenskap utan egen vilja bland kurdiska ungdomar i Sverige2013Report (Other academic)
  • 41.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Brunnberg, Elinor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Mälardalen Research Center, Sweden.
    Empowering Unaccompanied Children in Everyday Life in a New Country: A Resilience Support Centre in Sweden Evaluated from the Perspective of Program Theory2016In: Revista de Asistenta Sociala, ISSN 1583-0608, Social Work Review, ISSN 1583-0608, Vol. 15, no 2, p. 35-56Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Unaccompanied asylum-seeking children coming to Sweden are almost all fleeing from violent or threatening situations in their home country and have been sent abroad for their protection. They form a specific growing group of children looked after by local authorities in kinship foster families, network foster families or traditional foster families, as well as in small institutions (HVB-hem) or interim accommodation (Mellanbo) as preparation for independent living. This study explores success factors and impeding factors in a social work intervention for empowering unaccompanied children at a support centre for daily activities in a Swedish municipality from a program-theory perspective. The unaccompanied children in this study are staying in foster families. The data was collected at the centre and with a mixed method design. The results show that unaccompanied children’s relationships with other children improved; they developed their ability to plan and adapt; some of them started to attend regular schools; and traumatic experiences were processed to some extent. All of these can be interpreted as increased empowerment in unaccompanied children’s everyday life. However, there were still significant gaps in participation in clubs and associations and leisure activities, and some children were mentally unwell. Success factors, challenges and risks coexist in a transnational life situation in which most unaccompanied asylum-seeking children continue to interact with their parents and other family members in their home country or another country using modern technology (online parenting).

  • 42.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Mella, Orlando
    Bortom skolframgång: en analys av PISA 2006 ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv2012In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 49, no 1, p. 45-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Beyond school performance. An analysis of PISA 2006 from an intersectional perspective.

    One of the central questions in recent discussions about Swedish school is those factors that influence school performance. Socio-economic background, gender, ethnicity, birth country are some aspects that are mentioned in many international and national studies. Swedenis one of the participants in Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) and the results ofPISA since 2000 show deteriorated results in reading performance, mathematics and science among 15-year-old students. In order to set school performance in a broader context we analyzed data for the Swedish part of PISA 2006, in which 57 countries (of which 30 OECD-countries) participated, with some multivariate methods from an intersectional perspective. Our analysis of PISA 2006 show complexity of different social, economic and cultural factors for students´ school performance which strengthens even by the preliminary results from PISA 2009 presented when we finished our analysis. Further, our results show that students´ school performance have connections also with social inequality in Swedish society.

  • 43.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Att utvärdera med processtänkande för lärande2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 162-175Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Change-projects can be evaluated in different ways. One of the ways is to evaluate with process thinking, which means that evaluators are involved in the process from the very beginning. Involvement of evaluators already in the beginning of a project can mean several challenges for both the project itself and the evaluators. This study is about describing and analyzing how and with what results the perspective of process thinking on evaluation of the national learning project Care on equal terms was used. The results indicate, among other things, that it was a good choice to bring in evaluation perspective at the beginning of the project. Process thinking has, among other things, contributed to the activities throughout the project, and played a role in learning from and implementation of the project itself.

  • 44.
    Aytar, Osman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Health Care Provider’s Perceptions about and Experiences of Achieving Equitable Health Care: An Evaluation Study2017In: Quality in Primary Care, ISSN 1479-1072, E-ISSN 1479-1064, Vol. 25, no 5, p. 289-296Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: In June 2011 the Swedish government signed an agreement with The Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions (SALAR), for a three year project to develop and implement “Health care on equal terms.” The project, which involved seven Primary Health Care Units (PHCU) from five county councils in different parts in Sweden, was completed in early 2014. The aim of the project was to develop methods and activities that could promote more equal health care provision in socio-economically disadvantaged areas.

    Aim: To assess and compare health care providers’ experiences of and perceptions about equitable health care at the beginning and end of the national project “Health care on equal terms”.

    Methods: A web survey was sent to all staff at the seven participating Primary Health Care Units (PHCU) at the beginning (2012) and the end (2013) of the project. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics and the open issues with content analysis.

    Results: In 2013, the percentage of health care providers who reported thinking patients’ ethnicity had no or very little impact on access to care increased, but the proportion of those who reported that they had “no idea” that patients’ gender, age, mental health and physical functioning were significant for access to care was lower in 2013 than in 2012. The results from analysis of the open-ended questions did not show meaningful changes in the respondents’ perceptions of the issues addressed in 2012-2013, but the analysis contributes to a deeper explanation of the answers.

    Conclusion: The main conclusion is that it was possible to implement changes aiming for more equitable care through projects with a focus on learning.

  • 45.
    Backlund, Simon
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Allawardian, Vigen
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "HON KOM HEM IGEN OCH FÖRSVANN SEN TILL DUBAI"2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 46.
    Baung, Amelie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Haga Forsberg, Linn
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kuratorers upplevelser av ungdomars psykiska hälsa: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study aims to broaden the understanding of, and knowledge about, the way youth-counsellors interpret and apprehend mental health of adolescents and their experiences of meeting with adolescents. Semi structured interviews with youth-counsellors of different occupations, dealing with adolescents, were carried out. The results show that youth-counsellors encounter both poor and good mental health among the adolescents they meet. When young people suffer from poor mental health it shows in a multitude of ways, for example; stress and anxiety. Ways of coping vary between individuals. Some seek out help on their own, some need the support of others and some develop negative behavioural patterns. Results show that youth-counsellors can support adolescents with poor mental health by having open dialogs, taking preventive actions and cooperating with other authorities. Youth-counsellors observe that poor mental health does not protrude in different ways regardless of sex but that girls tend to seek out help more often than boys. According to the results of this study, the work done by youth counsellors overall still needs development. Also, the pre-emptive work with reducing mental health problems of adolescents needs to be developed within their profession.

  • 47.
    Becker, Julia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Myllyniemi, Natasha
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kompetenshöjande insats- vägen tillsjälvförsörjning?: en kvalitativ studie om unga vuxnas deltagandei kompetenshöjande verksamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study was that based on professionals' knowledge and experiences of young adults explore how the provision in chapter 4 § 4 SoL used in practice and whether it allows the chance to self-sufficiency .This was done through qualitative interviews with welfare benefits administrators, counselor , and young adults with connections to the subject .The study is inductive with a hermeneutic approach and the material has been analyzed using Maslow's hierarchy of needs , empowerment theory and previous research. The result showed that a competence-raising effort will ultimately lead to self-sufficiency, but also develops the participants' psychological well-being. Although participation in skill-enhancing activity is a requirement to receive welfare benefits, the young adults have a positive experience of the activities and counselors in contrast to previous research. The reason for the positive outcome seems to depend on the individual aid and the design.

  • 48.
    Berglund, Jennifer
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Lundin, Emilia
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Stans starkaste överlevare": En studie om utsatthet hos hemlösa kvinnor ur personalens perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigates how and to what extent homeless women are exposed, both economically, individually and socially. This is investigated from the perspective of employees who work with homelessness on day-care activities, support organizations, hostels and employment activities (which offer an income opportunity for homeless people). The study is qualitative, and information has been gathered through semi-structured interviews with 12 respondents in seven different activities. The collected material has been reviewed and compared with previous research and analyzed by Bronfenbrenner's ecological development theory. The result shows that homeless women to a large extent are exposed economically, since most are unemployed and rely on alternative income paths like crime and prostitution. They are also exposed individually, primarily due the fact that the homeless women have impaired physical and mental health as well as abuse problems. The women are also vulnerable to violence and living in an existence characterized by insecurity, shame and guilt. The social vulnerability is characterized by a lack of network to family and friends and destructive environments which complicates their ability to change their situation. The treatment from the healthcare and authorities is emphasized as problematic and the collaboration between them needs to be further investigated and improved.

    Keywords: homelessness, woman, vulnerability, violence, abuse, insecurity, crime

  • 49.
    Berton, Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Matteinen, Pauliina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Alla borde få en chans till...": En kvalitativ studie om före detta intagnas upplevelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to get insight in former inmates’ experiences, about their imprisonment and their re-entry into the free society. To answer the aim, the following questions were formulated; how does imprisonment affect the individual and how has the individual re-entered the society after imprisonment. The studies result was divided in two larger themes that concerned the time in prison and the time after. The selection for the study was six men that have been imprisoned in Sweden; they were between 25-60 years. Data was collected through semistructured interviews. The results show that imprisonment affect the individual in a negative way, both physical and psychological. The results also show that individuals inner motivation is very important when they re-entry the society and social support needs to be available to the former inmates in the right time.

  • 50.
    Bitschnau, Madeleine
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Jönsson, Mikaela
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Ett kravlöst umgänge: En kvalitativ studie om vårdhundens betydelse för äldres välbefinnande på äldreboende2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This qualitative study based on ethnographic methodology aims to describe and understand the meaning of the animal-assisted therapy for older persons´well-being from an interactionist perspective and what other effects this can contribute to. The result of the study is based on four observations that were conducted at a care home in a medium-sized municipality in Sweden, as well as five complementary interviews with some of the professional staff. The result shows that therapy dogs contribute to the well-being of the older adults by creating a meaningfulness in their everyday life. To make it possible for older persons to let go of their concerns if only for a little while as well as to give health-promoting effects in the form of, among other things, increased physical activity. Assuming that the older person do not have a fear or allergy associated with dogs. From the result, the conclusion is that the mental health of older persons needs to be treated as well as their physical health, by implementing therapy dogs to a greater extent within eldercare

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