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  • 1.
    Abbas, Rami
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Issa, Simon
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Landenberg, Kevin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Utdelning i fåmansbolag: Reformers påverkan på beteende och agerande2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Date:                        2018-01-15

    Level:                       Bachelor thesis in Business Administration, 15 cr

    Institution:                         School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors:                  Rami Abbas             Simon Issa                          Kevin Landenberg              92/03/26                                 92/02/02                                       94/08/11

    Title:                        Dividend in close companies

    Keywords:              Dividend, qualified shares, the canceled proposition 2017, tax behavior

    Research

    Questions:               What possible changes in behavior has the cancelled proposition generated at decision making in close companies?

                                     What impact do tax reforms have on tax behavior?

    Purpose:                  The purpose of the survey is to create an understanding about if and how close companies have acted towards the rejected proposition of change in the 3:12 rules. In addition to this, the purpose is also to create an understanding of what impact tax reforms have on tax behavior.

    Method:                   Regulations regarding dividend opportunities in close companies, have been collected and analyzed. Theoretical data collection on reformers' impact on tax behavior has been collected. In addition, interviews have been conducted with owners of close companies and authorized auditors.

    Conclusion:              The proposition of change that were rejected in the summer of 2017 had no significant impact on majority of the shareholders at close companies. This is due to complicated regulations. In specific cases, when reforms are too complicated, it requires the involved partners a learning time to acquire new knowledge and therefore do not have the time or knowledge to respond to the reform requirements.

  • 2.
    Abdi, Akam
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Chen, Wei
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Intern kontroll: Används visselblåsning som mekanism i den interna kontrollenmot oegentligheter av ekonomisk brottslighet inom kreditinstituten?2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to examine the banks view of internalcontrol and further investigate what mechanisms are used tostreamline the internal controls. The study is directed into whetherthe whistle-blowing is used as one of the tools in the internalcontrol to enhance the ability to detect and prevent irregularities ofa financial character.

    The study use a inductive method to lead the collection of datamaterial. The study further use a qualitative method based on fourinterviews with different banks were this data material is comparedwith existing theories in the second chapter.

    The study shows that the view of internal control and whistleblowingis positive in the process to create a successful company inthe banks. Despite that the whistle- blowing is known as acomplicated function, it’s still used to detect and preventirregularities of crimes, such of financial character. Except whistleblowing,the banks are using more tools to streamline the internalcontrol. To urge employees to comply laws and other principles,education in different areas for employers but also to createdifferent work approaches in the company, to make internal checkupsand constant supervision of the organization work is some ofthe tools that are used.

  • 3.
    Abdi, Akam
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Chen, Wei
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Tystnads- och anmälningsplikten: Revisorns hantering av konflikter för ett oberoende ställning och vid misstanke om brott2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to create a deeper and also a better understanding about how each of the professional secrecy and obligation to report are perceived from auditors and further investigate how the potential conflicts based on independence and “can be suspect” are handled by the auditors. The purpose has been achieved through interviews with four different accounting firms.

    The interviews were conducted with Grant Thornton, BDO Mälardalen AB, PwC and KPMG to answer the research questions. Subsequently, a hermeneutic approach was used to since the interpretation of the interviews was considered as important to obtain knowledge of the respondent’s perception about the topic. In the analyze chapter have dataset from the reference framework and empirical part been used to implement the analyze of the thesis.

    The study shows that the professional secrecy is important for creating a good relationship with clients and is not considered as a rule that create conflicts for auditors. The obligation to report, however, is creating conflicts because of the lack of knowledge in assessment of economic crimes. The auditors therefore decide to investigate a situation that “can be suspect” beyond what is intended. To not become dependent on the clients, there are rules and profession practices that are used and also examples like not having friends or family members as clients.

  • 4.
    Abdi, Akam
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Chen, Wei
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Tystnads- och anmälningsplikten: Revisorns hantering av konflikter för ett oberoende ställning och vid misstanke om brott2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to create a deeper and also a better understanding about how each of the professional secrecy and obligation to report are perceived from auditors and further investigate how the potential conflicts based on independence and “can be suspect” are handled by the auditors. The purpose has been achieved through interviews with four different accounting firms.

    The interviews were conducted with Grant Thornton, BDO Mälardalen AB, PwC and KPMG to answer the research questions. Subsequently, a hermeneutic approach was used to since the interpretation of the interviews was considered as important to obtain knowledge of the respondent’s perception about the topic. In the analyze chapter have dataset from the reference framework and empirical part been used to implement the analyze of the thesis.

    The study shows that the professional secrecy is important for creating a good relationship with clients and is not considered as a rule that create conflicts for auditors. The obligation to report, however, is creating conflicts because of the lack of knowledge in assessment of economic crimes. The auditors therefore decide to investigate a situation that “can be suspect” beyond what is intended. To not become dependent on the clients, there are rules and profession practices that are used and also examples like not having friends or family members as clients.

  • 5.
    Abdlwafa, Lezan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Balci, Anita
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Safari, Awat
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Bokföringsbrott: Ett resultat av oaktsamhet i bokföring?2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Datum: 29 maj, 2013

    Nivå: Kandidatuppsats i företagsekonomi, 15 hp

    Institution: Akademin för ekonomi, samhälle och teknik, ESTMälardalens Högskola

    Författare: Lezan Abdlwafa, Anita Balci & Awat Safari

    Titel: Bokföringsbrott – Ett resultat av oaktsamhet i bokföring?

    Handledare: Ulla Pettersson

    Nyckelord: Bokföringsbrott, oaktsamhet, bokföringsskyldighet, god redovisningssed, Ekobrottsmyndigheten, Skatteverket, konkursförvaltare

    Frågeställning: På vilket sätt leder näringsidkarens oaktsamhet i bokföring till bokföringsbrott? Vilka faktorer bidrar till detta?

    Syfte: Att undersöka hur näringsidkarens oaktsamhet i bokföringen kan vara en av orsakerna till bokföringsbrott.

    Metod: För att uppnå syftet så använde vi oss av en kvalitativ metod för att få en djupare förståelse av ämnet. Vi inhämtade vårt material till referensramen från litteratur samt lagar såsom bokföringslagen, årsredovisningslagen och brottsbalken. Material till empirin var hämtad från tre intervjuer med personer som besitter relevant kunskap, en skattebrottsutredare, en konkursförvaltare och en åklagare.

    Slutsats: Det vi har kommit fram till i vår uppsats är att oaktsamhet i bokföring är en orsak till bokföringsbrott, främst i mindre företag som inte har resurser till att upprätta bokföring på ett sätt som ger en rättvisande bild av företagets ekonomiska ställning.

  • 6.
    Abdulsalam Osman, Dana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Hamad, Ivan
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Hantering av styrande dokument: Hantering av styrande dokument i stora företag2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 7.
    ABGHARI, SHABNAM
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    FAKHOURI, REEF
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    The Relationship between Level of acculturation and Service Quality Perception: A Case study of Swedish Banks and Customers with Iranian and Iraqi cultural origins living in Sweden2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 8.
    Adasevic, Ivan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Palosaari, Viljam
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Multi-project Management in an Internal Development Context: A case study focused on identifying challenges in project portfolio management at ABB Components2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to explore what challenges are identified in project portfolio management (PPM) in an internal multi-project environment. The aim of this study was to find the underlying reason for the occurrence of challenges in terms of how these challenges occur, and why do they occur. To realize the purpose and the aim of the study, the research was conducted at ABB Components, a business unit of ABB Group. Further, based on identified challenges provide a set of guidelines and recommendations for managing and countering the challenges.

    To understand the research problem a literature review was employed and a case study was conducted at ABB Components. The purpose of the literature review was to gain a theoretical background related to the research topic, identify challenges or problems, and potential solutions, with the purpose of establishing a connection to the challenges identified in the case study. The empirical work consisted of the case study conducted at ABB Components and was constituted by interviews person. The analysis of the results was validated with a workshop held with interviewees, with discussions regarding the findings. Guidelines and recommendations for managing challenges related to project portfolio management were designed from the results of empirical and theoretical work.

    The 11 main challenges related to project portfolio management were identified throughout three defined project phases, initiation of a project, execution of a project and project closure, and was appearing either in one phase or across phases. The challenges in this research were correlated to four main causes; limited resources (budget & time), limited resources (personnel), vague directives, and project maturity. The identified challenges can be encountered and managed by utilizing existing models for project management, improved information handling, expanding the notion of criteria for project success, performing a resource capacity analysis, and planning for the project closure.

    The theoretical and practical work have contributed to a collective analysis of what types of challenges are evident in phases throughout a single project, and what outcomes these challenges can have on a project portfolio in an internal multi-project environment and . It has to some extent indicated differences among challenges and causes evident in multi-project settings, for projects that are classified as internal development or product development, implicating differences throughout the project phase. Furthermore the challenges have pivoted around the three main themes centered indicating that there are challenges related to each phase of the project life, as well as challenges which are apparent across the project phases.

  • 9.
    Adasevic, Pavle
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Hallberg, Oskar
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Revisorn och penningtvätt: - En studie om hur revisorer tillämpar lagen om penningtvätt2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Title: Accounting and money laundering, a study on how auditors apply the law on money laundering

    Date:  May 29th 2013

    University: Mälardalens University

    Institution: School of economy, society and technology

    Level: Bachelor thesis in business economy, 15 credits

    Authors: Pavle Adasevic 910731 Oskar Hallberg 900508

    Advisor: Kent Trosander

    Keywords: Money laundering, Law of money laundering, Auditor, ABL

    The main issue:In 2009 a new law on money laundering was introduced. The new law aims to strengthen the monitoring and reporting of money laundering. In 2011 11,464 reported suspicions of money laundering, only four of them where from audits, how come there so few reports from the auditors?

    Purpose: The Purpose of the study is to show how audits apply the new money laundering law in their work.

    Method: The study was based upon qualitative method. Secondary data was taken from literature, articles and reports. Primary data are interviews with three respondents, two auditors and one person from the financial police.

    Conclusion: The study shows that auditors apply the law in their work. Although the Money Laundering law can be regarded as clear and applicable thou the design however can be discussable. A hypothesis of a new concept that has been discovered from the study is companysmurfing.

  • 10.
    Adenfelt, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala universitet.
    Maaninen-Olsson, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Knowledge integration in a multinational setting: a study of a transnational business project2009In: International Journal of Knowledge Management Studies, ISSN 1743-8268, E-ISSN 1743-8276, Vol. 3, no 3-4, p. 295-312Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to study how communication enables knowledge integration within transnational projects. Using longitudinal case study data to explore the theoretical arguments, interesting findings emerge. The main finding is that knowledge integration within the transnational project was hampered by ignorance – among project managers and members – of the impact and link between the use of different communication tools, subsequent communication process and knowledge integration. Other findings relate to how institutionalised behaviour persist change and subsequently partly explained why the communication process and thereto related communication tools were not adjusted to new circumstances and conditions. Finally, communication is an inherent part of knowledge integration within a transnational project and there is a need for communication to be sensitive to the complexity of the knowledge being integrated.

  • 11.
    Adielsson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Harlos Salmén, Robin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Svensson, Robert
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Lagervärdering och lagerstyrning hos ett litet handelsföretag2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In a small company there is a risk that the management focuses so much on the core business that other administrative tasks are ignored. For example, there is a risk that the company does not control its inventories efficiently.

    The purpose of this thesis is to describe and analyze the valuing and control of the inventory in a small retail company with a store and, where appropriate, give suggestions for improvement.

    We have studied laws and recommendations regarding inventory valuation and other literature regarding inventory control in retail companies. Additionally we have interviewed representatives for a typical small retail company.

    The investigated company does comply with applicable laws and recommendations, but not much more. Furthermore, the company uses mostly feel and experience in its inventory control. The company does not use formal inventory control in any great extent, if any. We have some suggestions for improvements in this regard.

  • 12.
    Adolfsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Anter, Merve
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Anter, Fasla
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Revision - hur uppnås god kvalitet i små revisionsbyråer?2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte:  Syftet med studien är att belysa och analysera hur revisorn arbetar för att eliminera risken för att göra väsentliga fel i årsredovisningen. Studien ska även beskriva och skapa förståelse för Revisorsnämndens och små revisionsbyråers arbete och ställningstagande till kvalitetssäkring.

    Metod: Utifrån ett hermeneutiskt synsätt och med en kvalitativ metod utfördes personliga intervjuer med tre små revisionsbyråer och Revisorsnämnden. Vid val av informanter tillämpades ett strategiskt urval. I studien har en abduktiv ansats använts. 

    Slutsatser: Åtaganden för att god kvalitet ska uppnås i revisionen är revisionsprocessen, rotation på revisionsuppdrag vart sjunde år, tillämpning av analysmodell och etiska normer, FAR SRS:s kvalitetskontroller, internt kontrollsystem och kvalitetssäkring från RN.

  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ståhl, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ton, Emma
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Diffusionen av Bolagsverkets e-tjänst för elektroniska årsredovisningar i XBRL-format2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the underlying factors that affect or will affect the diffusion of the Companies Registration Office e-service for electronic annual reports in XBRL-format. This is achieved by examining why some Private limited liability companies choose to use the Swedish Companies Registration Office e-service for electronic annual reports, while others have so far chosen to abstain. By examining the practical advantages and disadvantages that can actually occur in the sending of electronic annual reports in XBRL- format, a more thorough picture of the spreading can be presented.

  • 14. Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Dobers, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Closing words!2009In: Guiding and guided tours / [ed] Adolfsson, P., Dobers, P. & Jonasson, M., Göteborg: BAS Publishers , 2009, p. 215-217Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15. Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Dobers, PeterMälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.Jonasson, Mikael
    Guiding and guided tours2009Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 16. Adolfsson, Petra
    et al.
    Dobers, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Jonasson, Mikael
    Introduction – Guiding and guided tours2009In: Guiding and guided tours / [ed] Adolfsson, P., Dobers, P. & Jonasson, M., Göteborg: BAS Publishers , 2009, p. 15-28Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Agestav, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Nilsson, Camilla
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Så styrs Mälarenergi med hjälp av Balanserat Styrkort2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title:   Controlling Mälarenergi by Balanced Scorecard 

    Seminar date:  2009-01-16 

    Institution:   School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology 

    Course:   Bachelor thesis 15hp 

    Authors:   Camilla Nilsson, Amanda Agestav 

    Advisor:   Ulla Pettersson 

    The main issues:                What does Mälarenergi's Balanced Scorecard look like? Which Balanced Scorecard perspectives are important to Mälarenergi? Is Balanced Scorecard a purposeful control model in order for the group management to fulfil the aims of the owners' directives? 

    Purpose:                            The purpose is to find out how the group management at Mälarenergi works with Balanced Scorecard. Is Balanced Scorecard a purposeful tool for the group management to fulfill the aims of the owners' directives? 

    Method:                             This study is based on a qualitative research method in the form of interviews. We have interviewed one respondent. Secondary data have been produced by literature search. 

    Conclusion:                       Mälarenergi uses Balanced Scorecard exclusively at a group management level. The strategic work at the business areas' different division levels takes place aided by a business development model. We believe that Balanced Scorecard is a purposeful tool to use in order to clarify a company's strategy work and reach the goals in the owners' directives. However, Mälarenergi needs to complement the Balanced Scorecard with another model, since the business areas are so different from each other. In doing so, however, there is a risk that not all employees will be involved in the Balanced Scorecard, but that this will become an exclusive tool to the group management. We believe that there is no clear connection between the Balanced Scorecard work done in the group management and the work within the different business areas with their various focus areas.

     

  • 18.
    Agha Seyed Ali, Sam
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Arif Dawody, Zhilvan
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Åkerström, Niklas
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    E-budgivning: Vägen in på marknaden2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Frågeställning: Finns utrymmet för en ny verksamhet som E-budgivning på den svenska bostadsmarknaden? Fungerar företagets affärsidé eller är marknaden mättad?                    Kan E-budgivning eventuellt utmana andra aktörer och få en etablerad plats på svenska bostadsmarknaden?

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka och analysera E-budgivnings chanser på marknaden för en eventuell framgång.

    Metod: En kvalitativ intervju med en representant från E-budgivning samt en kvantitativ enkätundersökning bidrog till primärdata. De sekundärdata som samlats är litteratur från böcker, tidsskrifter samt Internet.

    Allt fler företag väljer att satsa på Internetbaserade marknaden. Företag bemöter en hård konkurrens på bostadsmarknaden och slåss om konsumenterna som blivit allt mer prismedvetna mycket på grund av Internets framfart.

    Studien riktar sig till ett nystartat företag vid namn E-budgivning som är intresserade av att etablera sig på svenska bostadsmarknaden. Under tidigare år har valet av mäklare varit en självklarhet vid försäljning och köp av en bostad. Idag är inte valet lika självklart eftersom flera aktörer trätt in på marknaden och där urvalet av en rad olika alternativ finns att tillgå.

    Ett intresse samt funderingar uppkom om hur marknaden kommer se ut i framtiden och vilka chanser och möjligheter E-budgivning har. Genom teorier och empirisk data från undersökningar genom arbetets gång har konstanterandet gjorts att E-budgivnings etableringsmöjligheter ligger rätt i tiden. En stor faktor till resultatet är mycket på grund av teknologiska utvecklingen i kombination med företagets nischade affärsidé.

    Däremot passar den långt ifrån alla konsumenter då alla har skilda åsikter och behov vilket även historien bevisar. Studien visar att E-budgivning inte har en chans att hota stora aktörer på allvar, däremot har företaget goda möjligheter att få marknadsandelar med rätt marknadsföring.

  • 19.
    Aguilar, Diana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Semenyuk, Tetyana
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Turesson, Alina
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Minimering av risker vid kreditgivning2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Turbulence in the world economy with following liquidity problem in enterprises has lead to negative consequences for banks that creates a need for effective credit risk management. To prevent significant credit losses, banks tries constantly to minimize their risks in credit granting through identifying pitfalls.

    The purpose is to investigate the factors that contribute to the credit losses and illustrate how Nordea can minimize risks in credit granting.

    Data were gathered from the literature review and a case study. The object of study is the Swedish Business Bank Nordea where several credit managers has been interviewed at the regional level. To obtain a volume of credit development in Sweden, gathered the credit granting statistics of the source of Nordea Hypotek AB.

    According to the theory credit losses are depending on direct and indirect factors. While direct factors can be affected by a credit analyst, indirect factors are outside of his influence. It can be stated that Nordea has been succeed in minimizing of risks at the considerable degree, with reservation for some improvements, and that some factors that cause losses the bank manage to keep under control.

    Bank´s fundamental strategy in risk management is to use reasonable credit granting. All of respondents have stressed the importance of thorough inquiry on new credit application and frequent following up suspicions of payment difficulties with existing borrowers. Through these routines can bank capture problematic business transactions and prevent appearance of credit losses.

  • 20.
    Ahmad, Mushtaq
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Afzaal, Muhammad
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Svensk Direktreklam, Reinvention Of Business Model To Retain Customers: Reinvention Of Business Model To Retain Customers2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract:

    Date:

    June 2, 2009

    Level:

    Master Thesis, EFO 705 (15 credits)

    Program:

    Masters in International Marketing

    Supervisor:

    Joakim Netz

    Authors:

    Muhammad Afzaal (751016-T115), Mushtaq Ahmad (711224-T091)

    Title:

    Directreklam)

    Reinvention of Business Model to Retain Customers for SDR (Svensk

    Problem:

    the market and its customers were sharing their business with competitors so there was

    a need for SDR to reinvent its business model to retain its existing customers and gain

    new customers.

    The market share of SDR was decreasing due to increase in competition in

    Research question:

    to retain its customers?”

    “How can a service company like SDR reinvent its business model

    Method:

    applied. Both primary and secondary data has been gathered, primary data was

    gathered through interviews from customers of SDR and SDR company officials.

    Thesis has followed inductive research and a qualitative approach has been

    Conclusion:

    are identified which could be the reasons for the decline in the business of the

    company. Many changes are required in company´s business model to retain

    customers. SDR Customers are interested to have result oriented services means

    significant response from the market which could be achieved by making appropriate

    adaptations in the business model.

    In this study, business model of SDR has been studied and some gaps

    Keywords:

    market share, Reinvention.

    Svensk Directreklam (SDR), business model, retain and gain customers,

  • 21.
    Ahmed, Arslan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University. Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Pang, Zhaohua
    Mälardalen University. Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    CORPORATE CULTURE IN AN INTERNATIONAL JOINT VENTURE - A case study of Sony Ericsson2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research Problem: To what extent the corporate culture of an international joint venture resembles the organizational and national culture of its parent firms?

    Purpose: The purpose of this research is to study and explain the organizational and national culture of the partner companies that are involved in the international joint venture and finds out the extent to which the corporate culture that is embedded in the joint venture possess a resemblance with its parent's culture.

    Method: Our research is qualitative in nature and is based upon the case study and the secondary information gathered during the research. We have also taken into account some primary information through conducting three semi-structured interviews from each of the company involved in the joint venture. All the information collected during the course of our research has been analyzed in such a manner that has eventually led us to a formidable conclusion.

    Conclusion: After the analysis of results, both from the interviews and the secondary information, we came to a conclusion that the corporate culture at the joint venture possess some similarities with the national and organizational cultures of its parent firms and this likeness depends upon the location of origin of the joint venture and the employees working in it.   

  • 22.
    Ahmed Ibrahim, Abdulla
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Andersson, Alexis
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Aggregerade kundmissnöjen i informationssystem – En fallstudie av Nordea Bank2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract“Aggregate complaints in banks MIS”

    Date:                       June 8th 2012

    Level:                      Master thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS

    Institution:                School of Sustainable development of society and technology, Mälardalen University

    Authors:                  Abdulla Ahmed Ibrahim         Alexis Andersson

    Title:                       Aggregate complaints in MIS – A case study of Nordea Bank

    Tutor:                      Carl G Thunman

    Keywords:               Aggregate, complaint, dissatisfaction, content analysis, Nordea, MIS.

    Purpose:                  The paper aims to develop a model of how Nordea Bank can monitor customer dissatisfaction through aggregated dissatisfaction analysis. Furthermore, the study aims to identify improvement proposals in Nordea based on the developed model and conducted interviews.

    Method:                  This thesis consists of qualitative interviews. Personnel at the local office in Västerås has been interviewed as well as Nordea’s customer ombudsmen, former office employee at Nordea, data analyst, head of customer inquiries, Professor of database technology and also a researcher in language technology. A proprietary model was built based on the literature review constructed on variables that were expected to influence the monitoring process. The proprietary model was based on theory and formed the interview guide. The method that was used on the empirical data where “cut and paste”. The method was used to be able to place the interviews under each appropriate heading. The analysis then compared the empirical data with theories from the literature review, to be able to conduct a revised model and come up with a number of suggestions for improvement.

    Conclusion:            The model assumes wrongly that complaint and other grievances information can be integrated in the same process. There are several aggravating factors in Nordea's case; discontent information is in the current situation anonymous, it may be too small in scope for it to be profitable integrated or delivered in pre-packaged aggregate form. In this thesis, it became also clear that overall understanding should be based on a results-oriented attitude in which the results of the analysis provide employees with new insights to shape the monitoring process. Even at the central level, Nordea more often tends to follow up individual cases instead of analyzing them systematically in aggregate form, which the model does not take into account.

  • 23.
    Ahmed Ibrahim, Amina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Basudde Nakajugo, Carol
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Communities – en marknadsföringskanal med effekt?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Date:             2008-11-13

     

    Level:           Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS

     

    Authors:      Amina Ahmed Ibrahim               Carol Nakajugo Basudde

     

    Tutor:           Mats Viimne

     

    Title:             Communities – A marketing channel with effect?

     

    Purpose:       To describe communities as a marketing channel and its communication effect. 

     

    Method:       Primary data was collected through face-to-face, telephone and e-mail interviews. These interviews were used to gather information on the case studies used in this thesis. Four Swedish online communities namely Lunarstorm, Glife, Nightlife and Nattstad were used. Secondary data used in this thesis has consisted of books, articles and online sources.

     

    Conclusion:  Companies using communities as marketing channels have the added advantage of a higher segmentation which means that they can easier find and reach their target audience. One of the problems associated with this medium is that today many companies still suffer from a lack of knowledge when it comes to communities due to the fact that this medium has not been paid the attention that it needs. Companies prefer to rely more on the traditional marketing channels like TV, newspapers and radio. With this new found interest in communities and the attention being paid to them in the media, more and more companies are opening their eyes to these new marketing channels and are choosing to learn more about them.

     

  • 24.
    Ahmed Ibrahim, Amina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Yola Konlaan, Beatrice
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Nakajugo Basudde, Carol
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Are competitors ready to take on a deregulated Apoteket AB?2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Date: 2008-06-05

    Level: Master Thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS

    Authors: Amina Ahmed Ibrahim Beatrice Yola Konlaan Carol Nakajugo Basudde

    Tutor: Sigvard Herber

    Title: Are competitors ready to take on a deregulated Apoteket AB? Problem: With the oncoming deregulation of the monopoly, Apoteket AB appears to have a competitive advantage over incoming competition therefore the problem is to find out:

     What competitive advantage Apoteket AB has over its competitors.

     If the competitors have the tools to successfully compete with Apoteket AB.

    Purpose: The purpose of this thesis is to find out whether competitors in Sweden are able to compete successfully with Apoteket AB for the market of non prescription medicine.

    Method: Qualitative and quantitative methods have been used in this thesis. In order to achieve the desired result of this research it is appropriate to choose this approach since it enables the researcher to be able to explore all areas of the subject at hand and also give an in-depth discussion and analysis.

    Conclusion: Apoteket AB has several competitive advantages over its competitors. It has a strong brand name that is known and trusted by customers. While all three competing companies see themselves as complements to Apoteket AB, we think that the competitors have what it takes to successfully compete with Apoteket. Judging from previous cases such as Norway and Denmark which showed different outcomes of deregulation in the retail pharmaceutical industry, the competitors in both cases have not been on the losing side. Supermarkets, petrol stations and grocery stores in Denmark and Norway were also competing with their respective pharmacies based mainly on price, accessibility and convenience. In conclusion this is an indication that the competitors in Sweden have more than enough tools to successfully compete with Apoteket AB.

    Keywords: Deregulation, Pharmaceutical retail, Apoteket AB, Monopoly, Competition.

  • 25.
    Ahmed, Ruqiyo
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Axente, Benedetta
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Fathulla, Lana
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    The Relationship Between Business and Society: A study of corporate philanthropy within organizations2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Date: [2018-06-01]

    Level: Bachelor thesis in Business Administration, 15 cr

    Institution: School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors: Ruqiyo Ahmed, Benedetta Axente, Lana Fathulla

    Title: The Relationship Between Business And Society

    Supervisor: Konstantin Lampou

    Co-assessor: Pär Blomkvist

    Keywords: CSR, Corporate Philanthropy, Core Competencies, Strategic Philanthropy

    Research Question:  How is corporate philanthropy implemented in an organization?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to get a deeper understanding of how organizations implement philanthropy in their business. This study further aims to answer the research question by explaining the essence of strategic philanthropy, how organizations can benefit from it and some misconceptions against philanthropy.

    Method:  This study is done through a qualitative research method. Primary data was collected by semi-structured interviews with three companies. Secondary sources was collected to complement the data collection.

    Conclusion: The findings of this paper suggests that with a strategic philanthropic approach an organization can benefit with an enhanced image and increased customer loyalty. Furthermore, it is proposed that engaging in philanthropic activities an organization will be able to attract and retain their employees. By implementing a strategic philanthropy, an organization can better choose which philanthropic issues to tackle.

  • 26.
    Ahmed, Shakeel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Imtiaz, Muhammad
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Assessing the environmental uncontrollable elements of Swedish market that can influence and haveimpact on the presence of Lithuanian breakfast cereal producer (Palaseja) in Sweden.: A study of Swedish breakfast cereal market2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem:

    Palaseja is considering Sweden as a prospect market to enter and operate so, a study of Swedish

    business environment and its uncontrollable elements is required for Palaseja to serve this purpose

    effectively.

    Method:

    Thesis has followed a combination of exploratory & descriptive research and a qualitative approach

    has been applied. Both primary and secondary data have been gathered, primary data was gathered

    through interviews from retail stores' officials and Palaseja's sales manager.

    Conclusion:

    In this study, different environmental uncontrollable elements of Swedish market have been explored

    to find out how they can influence a new entrant Palaseja in Sweden. There are a few legal

    requirements for Palaseja to enter in food market of Sweden. Economic forces are facing a little slow

    down effect due to recent global economic slump but are quite encouraging for any new company

    entering Sweden in the long run. Breakfast cereal products that Palaseja produces have found to be a

    common part of cultural breakfast habits and huge consumption of breakfast cereal per capita also

    seems to be encouraging for new comers in this industry. Competitive forces have been found to be

    extremely challenging and quite discouraging in some way. The country of origin effect seems to be

    not so strong in Sweden although brand recognition of Palaseja is likely to cause some trouble to

    Palaseja's success.

  • 27.
    Ajamlou, Anita
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ekberg, Andreas
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Gülünay, Michel
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Revisionspliktens avskaffande: Påverkan på revisionsbyråer och deras marknadsföring2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att ta reda på hur vissa svenska revisionsbyråer påverkats av avskaffandet av revisionsplikten. Studien medför även hur svenska revisionsbyråer ska agera för att behålla sina nuvarande kunder.

  • 28.
    Aktermo, Johan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Andersson, Jonatan
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Begagnatköparens besök i bilhall: − En studie om kundupplevd tjänstekvalitet2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: The customers visit at the car dealership – A thesis about customerperceived service quality

    Purpose: The purpose of the thesis is to examine customer perceived servicequality during the visit to the car dealership. The information canlater be used by car retailers to improve their service quality.

    Method: In order to satisfy our purpose, the authors decided to use bothqualitative and quantitative research methods. The empirical datawas collected by both questionnaires and semi‐structuredinterviews, which both took place at Bilia in Västerås. The abovemethods were both based on and analyzed using SERVQUAL, theGapanalysis and the model for total perceived quality.

    Conclusion: The customers pointed out that most of the different dimensions ofthe service delivery can be improved. While keeping that in mind,the study showed greater need for improvement in the SERVQUALdimensions named Responsiveness and Empathy and whatGrönroos calls Functional Quality. These areas can be described ashow the customers are met and taken care of during their visit atthe car dealership. In other words, the main areas that needimprovement are related to the human interaction between thecustomer and the company. According to the authors, if thecompany manages to increase the perceived quality in these areas,a competitive edge will be gained. This will lead to increased salesof used cars.

  • 29.
    Akyildiz, Timur
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Willenius, Tobias
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    CSR ( Corporate social responsibility): En studie om hur H&M:s kunder upplever företagets kommunikation av CSR på den inhemska marknaden.2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 30.
    Al Radi, Doha
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Kroes, Wim
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Said, Elham
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    The Univeristy-to-Industry Knowledge Transfer: A micro-analysis of knowledge transfer practices & processes of Mälardalen University2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Literature on knowledge transfer has mainly studied this topic at macro level. The purpose of this research is to explore the university's role in the university-to-industry knowledge transfer on a micro level. This study is focused on the role played by Mälardalen University (MU) in the knowledge transfer to local industry by focusing on the university practices accomplished to this end. The research question is: Through which practices does Mälardalen University take part in the university-to-industry knowledge transfer?

    Methodology/Approach:

    The case study is about MU in Sweden, in Västerås and Eskilstuna campuses. A qualitative study approach was conducted to explore the research question and sub-questions. With the use of semi-structured interviews primary data was collected. Information in the literature review and theoretical framework chapters were collected by drawing from the databases: ‘ABI/inform’ and ‘Google Scholar’.

    Findings/conclusion:

    Based on the data collection, it can be concluded that the learning processes at MU rely on (experiential) ‘work and project-based-learning’ practices. These processes provide students with the knowledge demanded by the industry. The close collaboration between university and industry improves the preparation of students entering the job market in several ways. This research highlights which successful practices may be implemented at university level to promote the knowledge transfer to industry while supporting learning processes, particularly effective for engineering/nursing students. It also provides us with additional findings on the importance of co-creation practices in the development and innovation of knowledge creation.

    Limitations:

    A limitation of this study is the selective focus on one university. Another limitation is that the industrial perspective is excluded. However, such a limitation sheds light on a focus for possible future research.

  • 31.
    Alaa Josef, Dilan
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Al-Swiri, Said
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rahman, Sivan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The new standard for innovation management systems: A comparative study of Volvo Construction Equipment's innovation management system and CEN/TS standardized innovation management system2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze Volvo CE´s current innovation management strategy and compare it with the European Committee for Standardization´s (CENT/TS) standardized innovation management system. The study can be helpful for the organization to understand the gap between their current management system and the recommendations found in the CEN/TS innovation management system. A qualitative research methodology with a deductive approach combined with action research has been used to answer and fulfill the research question and purpose of this study. Our theoretical framework will introduce the five areas presented in CEN/TS IMS (2013) and describe their content more detailed with help from theoretical frameworks related to these areas. We will also consider other theorist's perspectives and compare their thoughts, description and models with what is been described in the CEN/TS regarding these five areas.Empiricism: Interviews with three of Volvo CE´s innovation coaches has been made to gain an understanding about the current status of the company´s innovation management strategies related to the requirements the five areas mentioned within CEN/TS IMS. In the Analysis section, a gap analysis has been made between Volvo CE´s current innovation management strategies and the requirements of the CEN/TS IMS for each area covered by this study. Overall, we think that Volvo CE have a good potential to develop a fully functional IMS in accordance with the requirements of CEN/TS 16555-1 into their organization with their current innovation management model as a starting point to build upon, and by following the references and recommendations provided by this study, the company has great chances in succeed with this mission

  • 32.
    Alamgir, Rana
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Anand, Nitin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    A Study of Bangladesh Telecom Market2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Target Audience: The management of TeliaSonera is our main target audience. Also students from management, marketing and business administration are our secondary concern.

    Problem Statement: “How suitable is Bangladesh telecom market for an internationalized telecom company (TeliaSonera), and what could be a preferable entry strategy for such market?”

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate Bangladesh telecom market in order to find out the potentiality of the market which could be considered by the company to think about starting a business there and also to determine a suitable entry strategy from the company depending on the factors have been investigated.

    Methodology: The project is based on both primary and secondary information retrieved in connection with the theoretical framework. A qualitative approach of research and analysis has been considered to reach the desirable result.

    Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework has been created with Porter’s (1998) five forces and National Diamond together with factors that influence the international entry strategy described by Franklin R (1998)

    Findings: While presenting the data, we have followed a structure. We have divided all our data in four parts. They are namely, The Focal Company Factors, Home country (Sweden) factors, the Focal country (Bangladesh) Factors, and the Focal country’s (Bangladesh) Telecom market factors. All data have been presented under the respective headings of these parts and also with some corresponding subheadings.

    Analysis: The analysis is based on the result of a consolidated evaluation of relevant theory and empirical information collected accordingly. All the collected information has been observed through the gloss of theoretical framework and has been used for answering the problem statement.

    Conclusion: After investigating the factors of Bangladesh telecom market, we can conclude that it will be a good idea for TeliaSonera to expand their business in Bangladesh as both the industry and the country has a lot of potential to offer. An Investment entry mode (Joint Venture) has been suggested. It is worth mentionable that this paper is a preliminary idea about the market to encourage TeliaSonera to expand in Bangladesh which reveals the opportunity for further research.

  • 33.
    Alf, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Urby, Hanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Så påverkar amorteringskravet bostadspriserna vid möjliga ränteförändringar: En kvantitativ studie med regressionsanalys och prognostisering av framtida bostadspriser2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 34.
    Algernon, Caroline
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Vorbrodt, Elin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Parkegren, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Artificiell Intelligens Underlättar Rekrytering: -En kvantitativ undersökning om attityder gentemot informationsdelning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research questions:  How do individuals' attitudes, towards information sharing online and towards information sharing when using recruitment services driven by AI differ?How does the attitudes differ, depending on socioeconomic factors?  

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to compare how attitudes differ towards information sharing and information sharing when using recruitment services driven by AI. It will be studied based on socioeconomic factors to see how education-, occupation- and income levels affect the attitudes. It can contribute with insights on how individuals relate to private data being processed by non-human intelligence, in a society where automatic processing of information is becoming more common. Recruitment companies can also get an idea of how different potential target groups can react to such type of servi

    Method: This research was conducted by a quantitative research method. Attitudes were measured through an online survey where a convenience sample was applied by sharing the survey on Facebook. The answers were analysed in SPSS, where frequencies and central tendencies were identified and compared.

    Conclusion: Individuals have more positive attitudes towards information sharing when using recruitment services driven by AI, then they have to general information sharing online. Attitudes differ depending on the socioeconomic factors, level of education and level of occupation. Individuals with a high level of education and those with a high qualification level of occupation have more positive attitudes than those with low level of education and low qualification level of occupation. Income level have no impact on the attitude components. For companies that offer recruitment services driven by AI, it is best to target the ones with a high level of education and a high occupational qualification level, since they are the ones most likely to use the service.

  • 35.
    Algurén, Martina
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Holmberg, Hannah
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Sahlén, Rebecca
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Internationaliseringsprocessen: En kvalitativ studie om organisationskulturella skillnader och likheter som påverkar svenska småföretags etablering på den finska marknaden.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Ali, Muhamad Sarmad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Siddiqui, Khurram
    Exchanges in a Not For Profit Organization: A Case Study Of Green Voluntee2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This case study deals with the identification and description of exchanges that occur in a not for profit organization, in our case is the Green Volunteers, and how these exchanges are essential for the achievement of their objectives. This thesis provides a basic framework for understanding and analyzing existing exchanges for future researchers.

  • 37.
    Alisic, Amel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Gustavsson, Carl-Henrik
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Sassi, Alexander
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    DEN ÖKADE E-HANDELNS PÅVERKAN PÅ FYSISKA BUTIKER: En studie inriktad på kundrelationer inom elektronikbranschen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 38.
    Alkefjärd, Tobias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    He, Yu
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Kasemi, Anton
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Revisorernas förtroende: En studie av hur revisorerna skapar förtroende hos intressenter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare tid har finansiella skandaler fått ett allt större utrymme i media, vilket skapat en debatt bland allmänheten och näringslivet om revisorns förtroende. Revisionsbranschen utgör en av de viktigaste grundstenarna i samhällsekonomin och ett minskat förtroende för dem är problematiskt. Då förtroende är viktigt, är det nödvändigt att känna till hur revisorer skapar ett förtroende och vad det påverkas av. Uppsatsen avser att beskriva hur revisorer skapar förtroende, vad som påverkar revisorernas förtroende samt att belysa de konsekvenser och risker som finns med minskat förtroende. Studien använder sig av beskrivande metoder, där primärdata består av intervjuer med respondenter och sekundärdata tillhandahölls av vetenskapliga artiklar, böcker, tidningsartiklar och webbsidor. Studien har genomförts med en kvalitativ metod, där verkligheten studerades genom att tillämpa abduktion. Igenom studien kontrolleras det att uppsatsen håller en hög reliabilitet, validitet och objektivitet. Denna empiriska studie visade att revisorns kompetens är centralt för att dess klienter och intressenter ska kunna lita på denne. För att det ska säkerställas att revisorn har de kunskaper som krävs och att det inte finns oseriösa revisorer, är det viktigt att revisorer kvalitetskontrolleras. Författarna har kommit fram till att revisorerna arbetar förhållandevis lika när det gäller kraven och dess ansvar för att skapa förtroende. Detta troligen på grund av att de stora revisionsbyråerna har goda förutsättningar i form av interna system, utbildningar och tillgång till expertis. Förtroendet mellan en revisor och dess klient samt övriga intressenter är relationsbaserat och växer fram med tiden. Förutom kompetens- och kvalitetskontroll bygger revisorers förtroende på att dagens regelverk är bra utformad, revisorers tystnadsplikt och oberoende samt att revisorn har de rätta personliga kvalifikationerna. En konsekvens av ett minskat förtroende för revisorer kan vara att fler bolag kan helt enkelt väljer bort revisionen, vilket även kan komma att påverka hela samhällsekonomin. Slutligen har studien klarlagt att strikt reglering gentemot företagsledningar/internrevisorer och revisorer när det gäller olagliga former av vinstmanipulering inte finns idag. Ett möjligt område för vidare forskning inom ämnet skulle vara att undersöka stora respektive små företags förtroende för revisorer eller att fördjupa sig i om det finns några skillnader i förtroendet för godkända respektive auktoriserade revisorer samt varför. Ett annat tänkbart område är att kontakta några stora respektive små aktiebolag för deras kommentarer och då fördjupa sig i frågan varför revisorer är inblandade i vissa finansiella skandaler. Slutligen skulle ett tänkbart område kunna vara att undersöka massmedias påverkan i revisionens förtroendeskapade process.

  • 39.
    Alkefjärd, Tobias
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Kasemi, Anton
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Ren eller oren revisionsberättelse: En kvantitativ studie om sambandet mellan revisionsarvodets storlek och ren/oren revisionsberättelse2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Research question: Does the audit fee size effect an auditor’s tendency to submit an unqualified or qualified audit report, if is so, how?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to extend previous research conducted on this topic by examining whether an auditor’s tendency to give an unqualified or qualified audit report is affected by the audit fee size, if is so, how?

    Method: The study is based on a quantitative method in which the primary data is taken from the database Retriever and comprises 300 annual reports from the year 2009, which belong to Vastmanland´s micro- company financial statement. The study also applied a deductive approach, which meant that secondary data in the shape of established theories and also previous research on the subject was the basis for the creation of the study´s hypotheses. After the collection of primary data, the data was compiled in Microsoft Excel and then the data was analyzed using bivariate- and multivariate logistic regression analysis in SPSS.

    Conclusion: In the bivariate logistic regression analysis we found that there is no significant relation between the size of the audit fee and an auditor's tendency to give an unqualified or qualified audit report. On the other hand a positive significant relationship between these variables was found in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. The results of the multivariate logistic regression analysis can be interpreted that as a higher audit fee provides a greater probability that an auditor issues a qualified audit report. The study also shows that extensive efforts and lack of financial resources in the form of internal control may be associated with an auditor submits a qualified audit report and receives high audit fee.

  • 40.
    Allotey, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Commercializing a microfinance institution to maximize profit: (A study of the Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution-Ghana)2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Date: 2008-06-23

    Level: Bachelor Thesis in Business Administration, Basic Level 300, 15 ECTS-Points

    Author: Daniel Allotey

    Tutor: Per Nordqvist

    Title: Commercializing a microfinance institution to maximize profit

    (A study of the Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution-Ghana)

    Background: Microfinance is one major approach to offering financial services to the majority, (mainly poor people) in developing countries. Traditionally, most of these institutions largely operate based on support by international donor agencies. Research into this field has shown that a microfinance institution has the ability to maximize profits by commercializing its services.

    Problem: The research problem is to find out how the Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution, (Ghana) can maximize profits as a result of commercialization of operations.

    Purpose: The main purpose of this research is to illustrate to the Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution how it could maximize profits through the commercialization of its operations.

    Method: The research is a study that uses the qualitative approach. Relevant information for the theoretical background and the Sinapi Aba has been organized through primary and secondary data search. The primary data is based on a telephone interview with Mr.Opata Narh, managing director at Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution in Oda, and a questionnaire sent through an attached e-mail to Mrs. Georgina Ocansey, the human resource manager to solicit her opinion on the same subject. Information’s were also gathered from the institutions home page. The secondary data was sourced from books and articles from the Mälardalen University library and internet sources within this field of study.

    Conclusion: In an effort to illustrate to the Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution how it could be self sufficient through profit maximization, the author was able to base his argument on the theories used in the frame of reference in connection with the findings obtained from the telephone interview, questionnaire and the institutions home page. This also helped the author establish the fact that the Sinapi Aba Microfinance Institution can maximize profit through the commercialization of its services. Profit maximization could therefore be achieved by developing its human resources, mobilizing savings, supervision and regulative mechanisms and finally marketing and competitive positioning.

  • 41.
    Almqvist, Roland
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Mårtensson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Johanson, Ulf
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Den ansvarsfulla verksamhetsstyrningen: En idéskiss och några exempel från Västerås stad.2007Report (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Almström, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Luu, John
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Starta aktiebolag: Vilka problem upplevs av entreprenörerna i Eskilstuna?2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Att starta och bilda ett företag är inte alltid det lättaste. Vissa gör det utan några problem medan andra stöter på hinder och problem. I denna studie kommer de vanligaste hindren och problemen som entreprenörer stöter på att identifieras. Detta för att underlätta för andra personer som står i tur att starta företag. Syftet är att undersöka vilka hinder och problem som upplevs av de som startar nytt aktiebolag, samt undersöka hur entreprenören gjort för att undvika eller lösa dessa. Undersökningen gjorde utifrån mailintervjuer som skickades till 24 nystartade aktiebolag i Eskilstuna. Dessa företag kontaktade först genom telefon för att sedan få ett mail skickat med en intervjumall som skulle besvaras. Mailintervju valdes för att respondenterna skulle få tid att begrunda frågorna och möjlighet att svar på frågorna när de själva hade tid. 11 av de 24 besvarade intervjun vilket gav ett bortfall på 13 respondenter. Mailsvaren visade att de 11 respondenterna klarat sig undan de större problemen genom att själva söka information och lösningar på de problem de ställts inför.

  • 43.
    Alnestig, Peter
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Institutionen för Ekonomi och Informatik.
    Segerstedt, A
    Mälardalen University, Institutionen för Ekonomi och Informatik.
    Product costing in ten Swedish manufacturing companies1996In: International Journal of Production Economics, ISSN 0925-5273, E-ISSN 1873-7579, Vol. 46, p. 441-457Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the main results from case studies in 10 Swedish manufacturing companies concerning their product costing. The main purpose of the study is to find out what models of product costing the companies use, what allocation bases are applied. Several questions have been asked to the companies: What is the purpose of the product costing? Is a special product costing used for inventory valuation? Is full costing or variable costing used? How are depreciation costs and cost of capital treated? Is some sort of activity-based costing used? If so, which are the cost drivers? The study is a case analysis, no questionnaires are used. The study presents arguments that a separation of product costing in ''Activity-Based Costing'' or ''traditional costing'' is not possible, but also that more ''ABC-thinking'' is necessary.

  • 44.
    Alshaibi, Alsedieg
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Business Relationships Between Local Firms and MNCs in a less Developing Country: The Case of Libyan Firms2008Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    International business relationships have been widely researched over the last three decades. Themajor attention of these studies, no matter what their theoretical perspective, concerns the MNCs inthe less developing countries (LDCs). Studies that illustrate how firms in LDCs behave regardinginteraction with MNCs are slim. Therefore, this study focuses on firms in LDCs, namely Libyan firms,and their relationships with MNCs. The study reflects not only on the relationships between the localfirms with MNCs but also the impacts of other interrelated business and non-business units on theserelationships. The study employs business network theory for industrial marketing and develops amodel applicable for studying such a market.The empirical study employs a survey method which examines 60 Libyan firms’ relationships withforeign suppliers containing more than 300 questions. In the empirical part, the study shows that therelationships like technological adaptation, technological cooperation and information exchange wereawarded low values. The measures on the other hand show a high value of impact from the politicalactors and even activities in the contextual environment. The study shows in detail where and howthe political actions influence business relationships. These impacts from the local environment affectlocal firms more than the foreign suppliers, and thus have some bearing on the MNCs and local firms’relationship weaknesses and strengths.The thesis’ conceptual contribution stands on development of new notions in business network theoryby integration of the contextual environment, in other words, network environment, and examinationof their impact on the strength of the focal business relationship. The study further contributesknowledge, not only for firms and politicians in LDCs to understand the consequence of their actions,but also provides deep information for MNCs to understand issues like why firms in LDCs behave ina specific way. Such understandings facilitate the development of cooperation. The study providesinformation about a number of characteristics which are specific for the business networks of such amarket which is dependent on only one resource like oil. While most studies in the field ofinternational business regard the business activities of MNCs, more research is needed to also observethe behaviour of firms from LDCs to gain deeper knowledge on the relationship between the MNCsand local firms from LDCs. The role of political actors and the influence of dependency on one soletype of resources and aspects like change in the prices of this resource seem to be important, but arequite neglected in research in international business.

  • 45.
    Altblom, Filip
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Pálfi, György Simon
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Åhlander, Johanna
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    An Analysis of a Changing Society and its Impact on Pharmaceutical Companies’ Supply Chain Management2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Date: 2018-06-03

    Level: Bachelor thesis in Business Administration, 15 ECTS

    Institution: School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors: Filip Altblom György Simon Pálfi Johanna Åhlander

    (96/11/14) (83/11/02) (96/07/24)

    Title: An Analysis of a Changing Society and its Impact on a Pharmaceutical

    Company’s Supply Chain Management

    Supervisor: Edward Gillmore

    Keywords: supply chain management, pharmaceutical industry, AstraZeneca,

    context, strategic decisions

    Research

    Question: How does the pharmaceutical companies’ context affect their supply chain

    management?

    Purpose: The purpose of this bachelor thesis is to examine different changes within the context

    of the pharmaceutical industry and how these changes affect companies’ supply

    chain management.

    Method: To investigate the research question of this thesis, the data collected was of secondary

    nature and was gathered from governmental authorities, scientific articles, annual

    reports, press releases and newspapers. The secondary data was used to achieve a

    broad view of the investigated subject and to interpret, analyse and make an objective

    conclusion regarding the research question of this thesis.

    Conclusion: The conclusion of this thesis is that the analysed context forces AstraZeneca to

    modify the strategy of their supply chain. This in order to maximize their profit and

    performance and to reduce the risk of a market loss and/or eventually a shortage of

    supply, compared to the increasing demand of medicine and treatment. It could be

    argued that this goes for all market leading pharmaceutical companies since this

    context most likely affect every company within the industry.

  • 46.
    Altun, Aysin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Mohammadi, Farin
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Bolagsstyrningsregler : Erfarenheter från implementering av bolagsstyrningsregler i tre stora svenska bolag2009Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bolagsstyrning beskriver, hur ett bolag ska styras på bästa sätt, för att uppnå

    ägarnas krav på avkastning på kapitalet som investerats genom köpta aktier.

    Men även hur företaget agerar för att öka, kommande eller aktuella inverteras förtroende för bolaget. De bolagsskandaler som har ägt rum de senaste åren och bolagsledningarnas brisfälliga företagsstyrningar har medfört att bolagsstyrningen aktualiserats både nationellt och internationellt. Detta har aktualiserat de ramverk och regler som reglerar bolagsstyrning 

  • 47.
    Alvarsson, Rebecka
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Bodare, Olivia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Syns klimatsmart mat i konsumenters varukorgar?: En studie om ICA Sveriges konsumenters beteende och förhållande till klimatsmarta livsmedel2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose is to investigate whether a grocery operator’s communication of its CSR activities on climate issues has influenced consumers to a changed behaviour regarding food purchases. The study is based on previous studies and scientific articles. A qualitative and quantitative method has been used during the collection of primary data, conducted through a survey based on ICA Sweden AB’s consumers, and with an interview with a representative from ICA Sweden AB. It was discovered that the majority of the consumers purchases climate-smart food based on their attitude. However, ICA Sweden AB does not affect the consumers to make purchases of climatesmart food. Nevertheless, they provide a wide range of climatesmart food that encourage consumers to do so.

  • 48.
    Alvehus, Johan
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Crevani, Lucia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Micro-ethnography and closed vignettes: Eight propositions for fieldwork and write-work in multimodal leadership studies2018In: Co-Lead workshop 2018, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Amalokwu, Obiajulum
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Ngoasong, Lawrence Njilefack
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Budgetary and Management control Process in a Manufacturing2008Student thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Date : June, 2008.

    Level : Master Thesis EF0705, 10 points (15credits)

    Authors : Amalokwu Obiajulum John (820821)

    Lawrence Njilefack Ngoasong (770901)

    Title : Budgetary and Management control Process in a Manufacturing

    Organization.

    Supervisor: Roland Almqvist.

    Problem : What is the budgeting practice in the Nigerian Manufacturing companies?

    Purpose : The aim of this study is to investigate the management control practice

    (budget being the tool for management control) in Guinness Nigeria Plc and

    to suggest what seems to us the most appropriate practice based on findings

    from literatures and empirics

    Method : The study was described based on a qualitative approach. Furthermore, we

    described why we chose the company, sources of literature, techniques

    employed in data collection (primary data), research purpose,

    data analysis as well as critiques to the method use.

    Conclusion : The Integration of strategic Management and Budgeting enhances

    competitiveness which when attained is translated as high performance.

    Keywords : Management Control, Budgeting, strategy, High performance and

    Competitive advantage.

  • 50.
    Ambos, T.
    et al.
    Johannes Kepler University, Austria.
    Andersson, Ulf
    Copenhagen Business School, Frederiksberg, Denmark .
    Birkinshaw, J.
    London Business School, London, United Kingdom.
    What are the consequences of initiative taking in multinational subsidiaries?2010In: Journal of International Business Studies, ISSN 0047-2506, E-ISSN 1478-6990, Vol. 41, no 6, p. 1099-1118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The phenomenon of subsidiary initiative has received increasing attention in recent years, but the consequences of initiatives and the associated dynamics of headquarters subsidiary relationships have received much less research attention. Building on resource dependence theory and self-determination theory we argue that two basic goals subsidiary managers pursue are to achieve autonomy vis-a-vis corporate headquarters, and influence over other units. We investigate how a subsidiary's past initiatives contribute to its bargaining power, and how headquarters' response through granting attention or monitoring affects the realization of the subsidiary's goals. Using structural equation modeling, our hypotheses are tested by drawing on a sample of 257 subsidiaries located in three different countries (Australia, Canada and the United Kingdom). Our results show that subsidiaries are not able to increase their influence through initiatives unless they get headquarters' attention. We also find that subsidiary initiatives have a direct effect on subsidiary autonomy, but the caveat is that initiatives also evoke headquarters monitoring, which in turn decreases the subsidiary's autonomy. In addition to providing insights into how subsidiaries can achieve their goals, the paper also sheds light on the critical role headquarters plays in leveraging initiatives, and the influence of individual subsidiaries in the multinational enterprise. 

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