mdh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1 - 19 of 19
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Bamvita, J.M.
    et al.
    University of Montreal, Canada.
    Peter, Larm
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Checknita, D.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Vitaro, F.
    University of Montreal, Canada.
    Tremblay, R.E.
    University College Dublin, Ireland.
    Cote, G.
    University of Quebec, Canada.
    Hodgins, S.
    University of Montreal, Canada.
    Childhood predictors of adult psychopathy scores among males followed from age 6 to 332017In: Journal of criminal justice, ISSN 0047-2352, E-ISSN 1873-6203, Vol. 53, p. 55-65Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Psychopathic traits are associated with multiple negative outcomes. The present prospective, longitudinal study identified associations of childhood factors with adult psychopathy scores.

     Methods: 311 men, aged, on average, 33 years, were assessed using the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R). Predictors included neighbourhood deprivation, parents' characteristics, teacher ratings of behaviour at ages 6, 10 and 12, and academic performance at age 12. Hierarchical linear regression models were computed to identify predictors at different ages of PCL-R total and facet scores. 

    Results: Age 33 PCL-R total and facet scores were significantly, and independently, associated with father's and mother's criminality and mother's age at participant's birth when teacher ratings of childhood behaviours and mathematics marks were included in the models. Anxiety was negatively associated with facet 1 scores at age 6. At age 12, 22% of the variance in facet 2 scores was predicted by father's violent convictions, mother's age and criminal charges, and reactive aggression. Facet 3 scores were associated with mother's age (marginally), inattention, and reactive aggression. Facet 4 scores were associated with father's violent criminality, mother's age, conduct probleins, inattention, and reactive aggression. 

    Conclusion: Etiological research and prevention programs should focus on antecedents of psychopathic traits present in early childhood.

  • 2.
    Bergman, Anette
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Dahlstedt Forslund, Camilla
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    När livet förändras: Äldre personers erfarenheter i samband med flytt till särskilt boende2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Den äldre befolkningen ökar ständigt och antalet äldre personer överstiger redan två miljoner i Sverige, vilket innebär ökat vårdbehov. Att flytta till särskilt boende kan vara svår att acceptera för den äldre personen, även för anhöriga som oftast känner osäkerhet för vem som bär ansvaret för deras närstående. Sjuksköterskor upplever att det kan göras mer för att förbättra omvårdnaden av den äldre personen. På grund av tidsbrist är det svårare att skapa en vårdande relation. Problem: Det finns ett bristande engagemang från sjuksköterskor till att utföra en personcentrerad omvårdnad samt en tidsbrist för att beakta den äldre personens unika behov. Syfte: Beskriva äldre personers erfarenheter i samband med flytt till särskilt boende. Metod: En systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes. Resultat: Anpassning till ny boendemiljö kunde vara svårt för den äldre personen. Vad som underlättade för trivsel var när de fick ta beslutet att flytta själva. Trots det fanns det omkringgivande aspekter som försvårade för den äldre personens trivsel på boendet, bland annat ökat vårdbehov. Slutsats: För att förbättra äldre personernas erfarenheter kan resurser sättas in före flytten för att säkra att deras synpunkter och behov tas hänsyn till.

  • 3.
    Emami, Azita
    et al.
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden .
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Department of Nursing, Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden .
    Difficulties in recruiting participants for a research study on immigrant dementia caregivers: Challenges in conducting research with a culturally diverse population.2007In: Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, Vol. 5, no 4, p. 103-108Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Engström, Gabriella
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Ersta högskola.
    Attitudes Towards Older People among Swedish Health Care Students and Health Care Professionals Working in Elder Care2011In: Nursing Reports, ISSN 2039-4403, Vol. 1, no 1, p. e2-Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The proportion of older people in the general population has increased and will continue to increase during the coming decade. Therefore, a positive attitude towards older people is important. The aim of the study was to gain knowledge about attitudes towards older people among health care students and health care staff in Swedish elder care settings. The study includes a convenience sample of 928 respondents comprised of health care students and three groups of professional caregivers [registered nurses (RNs) with university degrees, certified nursing assistants (CNAs), nurses] in a variety of health care settings in Sweden. The participants completed the Kogan’s Old People (KOPS) Scale with 17 positive (OP+) and 17 negative (OP–) statements. The statements score ranged from 17 to 85 respectively. A significant (P<0.05) difference in both positive and negative scores was observed among the three professional caregiver groups. RNs had the highest positive score (OP+:64) as well as the lowest negative score (OP–:36). Health care students in semester one had the most unfavourable attitude toward older people (OP–:41) while students in semester two had the most favourable attitude toward older people (OP+:62). RNs reported both a higher positive score as well as lower negative score compared to nurses without an academic degree and CNAs. In addition, we found that progression in one’s health care education contributes to reduce unfavourable attitudes toward older people. Health care professionals need to have the right skills to manage a more demanding role in the future in order to offer effective services for older people. A skilled workforce of health professionals is therefore very necessary.

  • 5.
    Kristoffersson, Annica
    et al.
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Ulfvarson, Johanna
    Karolinska institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Loutfi, Amy
    Örebro universitet, Institutionen för naturvetenskap och teknik.
    Teknik i hemmet - tekniska förutsättningar2019In: Hemsjukvård: olika perspektiv på trygg och säker vård / [ed] Mirjam Ekstedt & Maria Flink, Liber , 2019, 1, p. 396-421Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    I och med den fjärde industriella revolutionen – Industri 4.0 – kommer en nygeneration av teknik att finnas tillgänglig. Det förutspås att robotik och virtualreality kommer att transformera inte bara arbetsplatser utan även utvecklaandra domäner, såsom smarta städer och möjligheten till livsstils- och hälsomonitoreringhemma.Antalet tillgängliga konsument- och medicintekniska produkter ökar irask takt. Hälso- och sjukvårdssystemet ställs inför utmaningar, såsom behovetav att utveckla verktyg för att hantera ny teknologi men också att förändraarbetsprocesser och anpassa organisationen för att kunna hantera teknologin.

    Det här kapitlet ger en översikt över kommande teknologier, förslag på hurteknologi kan användas i hemmiljöer, en översikt över hur sådan teknik utvärderatssamt inte minst en reflektion kring hur dessa teknologier kan harmoniseramed nuvarande organisatoriska processer.

  • 6.
    Lindholm, Torun
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Own-age biases in verbal person memory2005In: Memory, ISSN 0965-8211, Vol. 13, no 1, p. 21-30Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Two experiments examined own-age biases in younger adults', older adults', and children's verbal person memory. In line with findings from face recognition studies, Experiment 1 showed that younger adults had a better recall of own-age than of other-age targets, while older adults were unaffected by target age. Participants' self-reported interest in targets did not predict target memory. Experiment 2, which examined children's and younger adults' memory of own- and other-age targets, showed an own-age advantage in children's but not in younger adults' verbal personmemory. Differences in expertise of own-/other-age targets, in combination with a development of expertise throughout the lifespan, may account for the findings, although alternative explanations should be considered. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

  • 7.
    Malmer, L
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Martin, Lene
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Microdot test of foveal function. A comparison with visual acuity at high and low contrast2005In: Ophthalmic & physiological optics, ISSN 0275-5408, E-ISSN 1475-1313, Vol. 25, no 2, p. 81-86Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PURPOSE: To define normal values across age from novel computerized tests of foveal vision and to compare the findings with visual acuity (VA) at high and low contrast. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Sixty-one healthy volunteers, aged 22-87, with subjectively normal vision participated in the study. The right eye from each subject was tested with Snellen letter VA at high contrast, at 10% contrast using the Tri-VA test and with the Rarebit Microdot Fovea Test (RMFT), in addition to biomicroscopy and fundus examination. RESULTS: The median letter VA was 0.77 minimum angle of resolution (MAR; range 0.63-1.54) with a significant decline in letter VA with increasing age (r = 0.7, p < 0.001). The median Tri-VA resolution threshold at 10% contrast was 1.8 MAR (range 0.9-4.1) and a significant age effect (r = 0.7) was observed, most pronounced above 65 years. The median RMFT hit rate was 100% (range 97-100) in the age group below 65 years and 87.5% (range 34-98) in subjects older than 65 years. CONCLUSION: The study shows a decline in foveal function with age with all three methods, reflecting the loss of neural detectors with increasing age. The hit rate to microdot stimuli appears to be a sensitive measure, which can be used for fine-graded evaluation of foveal function.

  • 8.
    Mazaheri, Monir
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    The status of social and leisure time activities among elderly residing in Iran and Sweden2009In: Iranian Journal of Ageing, Vol. 3, no 8, p. 597-606Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Among social determinants of health, culture and ethnicity play a key role in defining the needs of different population groups. The aim of this study was to consider and compare the social and leisure time activities of the three .elderly groups: Iranian residing in Iran, Iranian residing in Sweden and Swedish residing in Sweden Methods and Materials: Via the cross-sectional design, 825 Iranian elderly who were living in Tehran compared with 305 Swedish elderly and 101 Iranian elderly living in Stockholm on social relations, group activities and leisure time activities. Only, elderly who could communicate properly entered the study. A structured questionnaire designed by the Iranian and Swedish Research Group on the” Assessment of Social Health Status and Needs” implemented for .the subjects. Estimation method and logistic regression used to analyze the gathered data Results: Subjects of all 3 groups were in the age range of 60-77 years old and mostly were married. Results showed despite very common characteristics, there are, also, many differences which can be explained by cultural and environmental factors. Rapid urbanization, limited resources and unawareness of or disregard for healthy life style resulted in lower levels of satisfaction with social and leisure life in the Iranian elderly. On the other hand, level of activities related to the spiritual dimension of health were more in Iranians than Swedish and the difference was significant (p=0.000), whereas the reverse was true for the group activities (p=0.000). Poor attitude toward physicalactivity and exercise in Iranian elderly, especially women, with consequent hazards for health, needs special consid.eration on behalf of the health planners and providers Conclusions: Needs assessment with trance- cultural approach, especially on social determinants of the health of elderly is a necessity. Using valid and reliable instruments, designed to overcome the cultural barriers would help.planners to apply the experience of the aged societies more reasonably, properly and creatively.

  • 9.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Bülow, Pia
    Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Björklund, Anita
    Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Images of Sorrow: Experiences of losing a co-twin in old age2013In: Health, ISSN 1949-4998, E-ISSN 1949-5005, ISSN 1949-5005, Vol. 5, no 12A, p. 64-73Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    What it is like when a lifelong twin relationship ends through death in later life is the focus of this study. It draws on interview data from seven twins who are part of a longitudinal Swedish twin study (SATSA) and who lost their co-twins in old age. Data were analyzed using qualitative latent content analysis. The results showed that the experience of loss of the co-twin was pro-found, including an emotional as well as a be-havioral dimension. Loss and loneliness were expressed as the dominant feelings related to the quality of the missing relationship as well as the loss of twin identity. However, the grief ex-periences in this study were primarily related to the closeness and quality of the twin relation-ship, rather than identity. Behavioral adjust-ments included the use of outside as well as internal cognitive resources to cope with life after the loss. Despite the devastating experi-ence of losing a co-twin after a lifelong rela-tionship, the participants engaged actively in their own grief processes. It was concluded that twin loss is unique, in the sense of losing the relational twin identity, as well as it is charac-terized by similar features as the loss of a close relationship among non-twins.

  • 10.
    Pietilä Rosendahl, Sirpa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Bülow, Pia
    Avdelningen för Beteendevetenskap och Socialt arbete, Hälsohögskolan Jönköping.
    Björklund, Anita
    Avdelningen för arbetsterapi, Hälsohögskolan, Jönköping.
    Twinship over the Life course -2013In: Optimizing Twin Aging through Twin Research: Multidisciplinary Perspectives. / [ed] Viktoria Hilkevitch Bedford, 2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract: The aim was to explore, describe and understand experiences of twinship as told in the life stories of 35 older (70+) identical and fraternal twins, participants of the SATSA and Gender-studies in Sweden. Method: The open-ended interviews were analyzed with narrative analysis. Results: Twinship was described as relational, i.e, the relationship to the co-twin and as a negotiation between the individual and the twin identity. Three kinds of twin relationship patterns, characterized by different levels of emotional involvement were identified and labelled: nurturing, draining or superficial relationship. An attachment theoretical perspective was used in interpreting the differences in the relationship patterns. Each set of twins showed a unique balance between individualization and the twin identity which also was linked to the type of twin relationship pattern. In addition, these older twins experienced that their social environment tried to impose a twin identity upon them contradictive to their own experiences.

  • 11.
    Talman, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Wilder, Jenny
    Mälardalen University, School of Education, Culture and Communication, Educational Sciences and Mathematics. Stockholm Univ, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Stier, Jonas
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Dalarna Univ, Falun, Sweden..
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Participation in daily life for adults with profound intellectual (and multiple) disabilities: How high do they climb on Shier's ladder of participation?2019In: Journal of Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1744-6295, E-ISSN 1744-6309, article id UNSP 1744629519863959Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Participation is the goal of Swedish disability policy, but it is difficult to achieve for adults with profound intellectual (and multiple) disabilities (PI(M)D). Since these adults are dependent on others in every aspect of their lives, others control their ability to participate in everyday life decisions. This study used observations, analyzed with Shier's ladder of participation, to elucidate and describe participation in daily life for adults with PI(M)D living in a group home. The results showed that the adults often reached the first three levels of Shier's ladder, one adult reached the fourth level once, and no one reached the fifth level. Participation on a higher level, therefore, seems hard to reach for adults. Staff members' attitudes toward the adults' capability can also be a barrier to participation. Applying Shier's ladder of participation can provide valuable information that might lead to increased participation in daily life for adults with PI(M)D.

  • 12.
    Torres, Sandra
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    A culturally-relevant theoretical framework for the study of successful aging1999In: Ageing and society, ISSN 0144-686X, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 33-51Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In spite of the many studies conducted over the past decades, the field of inquiry known as cross-cultural gerontology remains atheoretical. This is because of its shortcomings in generating culturally-relevant theoretical frameworks of its own. In this article, I address this failure and adapt Kluckhohn's model of value orientations for use in the study of ageing-related concepts. I discuss possible applications of the adapted model and, in particular, its application to one of the most frequently debated concepts in gerontology, successful ageing. In the light of this discussion, I conclude that the culturally-relevant theoretical framework hereby proposed could lead to the rectification of the current atheoretical predicament of cross-cultural gerontology.

  • 13.
    Torres, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    A postmodern ethnogerontology: why not?...what for?2000In: Contemporary Gerontology, ISSN 1069-0840, Vol. 6, no 4, p. 114-117Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Torres, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Culture, migration, inequality and 'periphery' in a globalized world: Challenges for the study of ethno- and anthropo-gerontology2006In: Aging, globalization and inequality: The new critical gerontology, Baywood, Amityville, NY , 2006Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Torres, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Postmoderne etnogerontologi: hvorfor ikke?2001In: Aldring og Eldre, ISSN 0801-9991, Vol. 18, no 3, p. 12-15Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Touhy, Theris
    et al.
    Florida Atlantic Univ, Christine E Lynn Coll Nursing, Boca Raton, FL 33431 USA.
    Kydd, Angela
    Univ W Scotland.
    Fagerberg, Ingegerd
    Ersta Skondal Univ Coll.
    Engström, Gabriella
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    International Collaboration in Gerontological Nursing2011In: Journal of Gerontological Nursing, ISSN 0098-9134, Vol. 37, no 3, p. 3-4Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 17.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Editorial2014In: European Journal of Physiotherapy, ISSN 2167-9169, E-ISSN 2167-9177, Vol. 16, no 4, p. 193-193Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    von Heideken Wågert, Petra
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Beteendeförändring hos individ och i organisation2012In: Äldres hälsa: Ett sjukgymnastiskt perspektiv / [ed] Elisabeth Rydwik, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2012, p. 63-77Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 19.
    Zander, Viktoria
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Johansson-Pajala, Rose-Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Christine
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Methods to evaluate perspectives of safety, independence, activity, and participation in older persons using welfare technology. A systematic review2019In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To conduct a systematic review of existing methods to evaluate the individual aspects of welfare technology from the perspectives of independence, safety, activity, and participation. Furthermore, the study aimed to describe outcomes that have been the focus of previous research to evaluate individual aspects of welfare technology in older persons living in ordinary housing. Materials and methods: A systematic literature review in PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsycINFO, Scopus, and Web of Science. Studies selected were those that explored the use of assistive and welfare technology devices from older persons’ perspectives, and which considered the concepts of independence, safety, activity and participation, and quality of life. Results: A broad spectrum of instruments was applied in the studies. For independence, three questionnaires were used in the identified studies. For safety, one instrument was used in two versions. To study activity and participation as well as quality of life, several scales were used. Additionally, several studies included qualitative approaches for evaluation, such as interviews, or posed one or more questions regarding the effects of welfare technology. Conclusions: The integration of digital assistive and welfare technology should be based on the needs of older persons, and those needs must be assessed using reliable and relevant instruments. The heterogeneity of the target group, i.e., older persons, together with the fact that assessments must give consideration to identifying goals, obstacles, and risks as well as users’ preferences, implies a person-centred approach.

1 - 19 of 19
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf