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  • 1.
    Müllersdorf, Maria
    et al.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Söderback, Ingrid
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Assessing health care needs: the actual state of self-perceived activity limitation and participation restrictions due to pain in a nationwide Swedish population.2000In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 23, no 3, p. 201-207Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Needs assessment may be helpful in establishing health care priorities, especially when community financial resources are reduced and the need and demand for health services are increasing. As the starting point of empirical studies concerning needs assessment of rehabilitation and occupational therapy, this study aimed to establish the prevalence of self-perceived activity limitation and/or participation restrictions due to long-term or recurrent pain. The study sample (n = 10000) was taken at random from the Swedish population aged 18-58 years. After three reminders, the response rate to a postal questionnaire was 77.1%, by mail or to a telephone answering machine. The main results indicated prevalence frequencies of 26%, showing the actual state of self-perceived activity limitation and/or participation restrictions due to long-term and/or recurrent pain. Differences were found between genders, among almost all age-classes and between persons who had pain currently and those who had had pain previously. Suggested indicators from the study result were women born between 1940 and 1949 with long-term pain and previous pain.

  • 2.
    Wulff, Cornelia
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Childhood General Mental Ability and Midlife Psychosocial Work Characteristics as Related to Mental Distress, Neck/Shoulder Pain and Self-rated Health in Working Women and Men2011In: Journal of Occupational Health, ISSN 1341-9145, E-ISSN 1348-9585, Vol. 53, no 6, p. 439-446Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Childhood General Mental Ability and Midlife Psychosocial Work Characteristics as Related to Mental Distress, Neck/Shoulder Pain and Self-rated Health in Working Women and Men: Cornelia WULFF, et al. Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Sweden Psychosocial work characteristics including high demands, lack of control and poor social support have consistently been linked to poor health as has poor general mental ability (GMA). However, less is known about the relationships between stable individual factors such as GMA, psychosocial work characteristics and health. Objective: The present study investigated how childhood mental ability and psychosocial work characteristics relate to health in terms of mental distress, neck/shoulder pain (NSP) and self-rated health (SRH). Methods: Data on childhood GMA, occupational level, self-reports of demands, control and social support and health (mental distress, NSP and SRH) in midlife came from working women (n=271) and men (n=291) included in a Swedish school cohort. Hierarchical regression analyses, controlling for occupational level, were used to examine associations between childhood GMA, self-reports of high demands, low control and poor social support and the three health indicators. Taking into consideration the gendered labor market and variations in health patterns between women and men, gender specific analyses were performed. Results: There were no significant associations between childhood GMA and health indicators. Further, there were no significant interactions between GMA and psychosocial work factors. As regards the strength of the associations between GMA, psychosocial work factors and health, no consistent differences emerged between women and men. Conclusions: In a cohort of healthy and working middle-aged women and men, self-reports of current psychosocial work characteristics seem to be more strongly linked to health, than are stable childhood factors such as GMA.

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