mdh.sePublications
Change search
Refine search result
1234567 1 - 50 of 1440
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Rows per page
  • 5
  • 10
  • 20
  • 50
  • 100
  • 250
Sort
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
  • Standard (Relevance)
  • Author A-Ö
  • Author Ö-A
  • Title A-Ö
  • Title Ö-A
  • Publication type A-Ö
  • Publication type Ö-A
  • Issued (Oldest first)
  • Issued (Newest first)
  • Created (Oldest first)
  • Created (Newest first)
  • Last updated (Oldest first)
  • Last updated (Newest first)
  • Disputation date (earliest first)
  • Disputation date (latest first)
Select
The maximal number of hits you can export is 250. When you want to export more records please use the Create feeds function.
  • 1.
    Aarons, Gregory
    et al.
    Univ Calif San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA.;Child & Adolescent Serv Res Ctr, San Diego, CA USA..
    Green, Amy
    Univ Calif San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA..
    Moullin, Joanna
    Univ Calif San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA.;Univ Technol Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia..
    Ehrhart, Mark
    San Diego State Univ, San Diego, CA 92182 USA.;Univ Cent Florida, Orlando, FL 32816 USA..
    Ducarroz, Simon
    Ctr Reg Prevent Canc, Ctr Hygee, St Priest En Jarez, France..
    Sevdalis, Nick
    Kings Coll London, London, England..
    Hasson, Henna
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.;Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Epidemiol & Community Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
    von Thiele Schwarz, Ulrica
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    James, Sigrid
    Univ Kassel, Kassel, Germany..
    Willging, Cathleen
    Pacific Inst Res & Evaluat, Behav Hlth Res Ctr Southwest, Albuquerque, NM USA..
    Fostering international collaborations in implementation science2018In: Implementation Science, ISSN 1748-5908, E-ISSN 1748-5908, Vol. 13Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 2.
    Abdulla, Hana
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    FYSISK INAKTIVITET OCH STILLASITTANDE BLAND BARN OCH UNGA I GRUNDSKOLAN2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children and youth inactivity and sedentary at school is increasing. This means that some of the students have a significant unhealthy lifestyle with physical inactivity, which in turn implies risks of suffering from various diseases, including obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, all related to a sedentary lifestyle. To prevent illness, it is important that children and young people early get a positive attitude towards physical activity.

    The purpose of this study was to study the causes of child and adolescent physical inactivity in school, based on teachers 'and parents' perspectives.

    A qualitative research has been selected. To achieve the study objectives, the author has conducted seven semi-structured interviews, with an appropriate choice of five teachers and two parents with children in school. Data was analyzed with a manifest content analysis.

    The results show that teachers and parents felt that physical activity is a protective factor for children's health. There are several reasons for physical inactivity in students today, blah new technologies, various transportation facilities and family finances. Some measures that can reduce the physical inactivity, for example be to increase sports lesson 'time and by starting with children and young people's interest to make them feel joy in moving, which increases the interest in physical activity.

    The conclusion of this work is that children's movement is important for their health. Children and youth in elementary school in need of physical activity so that they feel good. Both schools and parents have a responsibility to promote children's physical activity so that they can preserve their health, before improving their learning ability, have more energy and to manage the school in a good way.

  • 3.
    Abrahamsson, Caroline
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Jonsson, Eleonor
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Samband mellan genetiska faktorer och korsbandsruptur - en litteraturöversikt.2011Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Personer med främre korsbandsruptur utgör en stor patientgrupp för en idrottsverksam sjukgymnast. Skadan är även vanlig hos hundar . Då hund och människa har likartad knäanatomi var det intressant att inkludera båda i samma studie. Alla bakomliggande faktorer till främre korsbandsruptur är inte helt utredda i dagsläget och detta gör det svårt att optimera preventiva åtgärder. En faktor som börjat utredas på senare år är den genetiska, dock inte i någon större utbredning. Syftet med denna uppsats var att sammanställa det aktuella kunskapsläget gällande ett eventuellt samband mellan genetiska faktorer och korsbandsruptur hos människa och hund. Detta studerades i en litteraturstudie, där data framför allt samlades in via vårdvetenskapliga och medicinska databaser. De 15 inkluderade artiklarna analyserades systematiskt genom hela processen och bevisvärde samt evidensstyrka värderades. Resultatet visar att det finns tydliga tecken på ett samband mellan genetiska faktorer och korsbandsruptur för människor. För hundar finns inte något tydligt samband. De granskade studierna visade ej signifikanta samband. Då det saknas studier med högt bevisvärde hos både människa och hund kan inte en stark slutsats dras. Därför behövs vidare forskning för att kunna bekräfta eller utesluta sambandet mellan genetiska faktorer och korsbandsruptur.

  • 4.
    Abrahamsson, Pia-Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kron, Viktoria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Det känns som att man blir betraktad som en andra klassens medborgare”: Hur patienter med allvarlig psykisk ohälsa erfar den somatiska vården och psykiatrisjuksköterskans erfarenheter av ansvar för fysisk hälsa i psykiatrisk vård2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning talar om förutfattade meningar, okunskap, rädsla m.m. hos somatisk vårdpersonal och om patienter som känner sig avskrivna från den somatiska vården med att det är den psykiska ohälsan som är orsak till de fysiska symtomen. Psykiatrins vårdpersonal upplever problem med att vårda den fysiska hälsan hos patienten, då deras specialitet är den psykiska hälsan.  Syftet med denna studie är att beskriva hur patienter med allvarlig psykisk ohälsa erfar den somatiska vården och psykiatrisjuksköterskans erfarenheter av ansvar relaterat till psykiatripatienternas fysiska hälsa. Studien bygger på nio semistrukturerade intervjuer, varav fem intervjuer med patienter och fyra intervjuer med psykiatrisjuksköterskor. Intervjuerna har analyserats utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visar att patienterna känner sig sedda som sin psykiska sjukdom och upplever sig inte vara lika mycket värda som övriga patienter i den somatiska sjukvården. Psykiatrisjuksköterskorna erfar att det finns många svårigheter både teoretiskt och praktiskt för dem att ta hand om patienternas fysiska hälsa. Slutsatsen är att fördomar upplevs som tyngande för patienterna och orsakar med tiden mer psykisk ohälsa och större risker för deras fysiska hälsa. För sjuksköterskan är det en konst att skilja på vilket som tillhör psykiatriska vårdens ansvar och vad som är ämnat för den somatiska vården.

  • 5.
    Agnew, L.
    et al.
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia .
    Johnston, V.
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia .
    Ludvigsson, M. L.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Rehab Väst, County Council of Östergötland, Sweden.
    Peterson, G.
    Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden; Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Overmeer, Thomas
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, G.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Peolsson, A.
    University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia; Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Factors associated with work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grade II-III: A cross-sectional analysis2015In: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine, ISSN 1650-1977, E-ISSN 1651-2081, Vol. 47, no 6, p. 546-551Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: To investigate the factors related to self-perceived work ability in patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder grades II-III. Design: Cross-sectional analysis. Patients: A total of 166 working age patients with chronic whiplash-associated disorder. Methods: A comprehensive survey collected data on work ability (using the Work Ability Index); demographic, psychosocial, personal, work- and condition-related factors. Forward, stepwise regression modelling was used to assess the factors related to work ability. Results: The proportion of patients in each work ability category were as follows: poor (12.7%); moderate (39.8%); good (38.5%); excellent (9%). Seven factors explained 65% (adjusted R2= 0.65, p < 0.01) of the variance in work ability. In descending order of strength of association, these factors are: greater neck disability due to pain; reduced self-rated health status and health-related quality of life; increased frequency of concentration problems; poor workplace satisfaction; lower self-efficacy for performing daily tasks; and greater work-related stress. Conclusion: Condition-specific and psychosocial factors are associated with self-perceived work ability of individuals with chronic whiplash-associated disorder.

  • 6.
    Ahl, Therese
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Kinesiska universitetsstudenters uppfattningar om sexualundervisning för ungdomar i Kina2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality and reproduction are two central parts of human life and they are integrated into our personalities. It is therefore important to create a good foundation for sexual health and wellbeing from an early age. To see adolescents as “ready to act-individuals” and to make them more involved in open dialog discussions contributes to extended possibilities for creating and sustaining a healthy lifestyle. The school is therefore considered as an important arena for health promoting and preventive actions where most adolescents can be reached. An obligated nine years school based education was implemented in China 1986, and school based Sex education became obligated in 2002.

     

    The study aimed to examine Chinese university student’s perceptions of Sexeducation for adolescents (10-19 years) in China and needs for changes and ongoing tendencies of development. Qualitative studies were conducted with three Chinese university students and contact was taken with a key person in China whom translated material for this study alone.

     

    The result showed various constructions of school based Sexeducation in China and that its implementation and construction needs more support. It also showed a need for the development of influence and participation in the school based Sexeducation. A need for creating an improved communication between teachers and students was also expressed and a more salutogenic approach needs to be developed.

     

    Through collaboration with other countries, for example Sweden, can today’s open-minded process of change benefit even more.

     

  • 7.
    Ahl, Therese
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sexual behavior among Chinese male and female medical university students in Chongqing, China2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sexuality is one of the most fundamental values of life as it affects our behaviors, thoughts and emotions. Young people are an especially essential group for promoting sexual health as it is during adolescents the base for our sexuality is created. The aim of this study was to examine Chinese male and female medical university student’s knowledge and ideas of sexual behavior at Chongqing Medical University in Chongqing, China. An explorative quantitative survey study was conducted at place in Chongqing. The survey study’s result showed that ideas of sexual behavior were seem to be permissive and love-based, and also bi- and homosexuality to be mainly acceptable. The Internet, books and friends were seemed as important sources for knowledge whereas few believed to have received adequate knowledge from school. It was also seemed to be a major lack of knowledge regarding STD’s and how to protect yourself as “safe periods” was believed to be an important contraceptive method. The relationship between contraception and the protection against STD seems to be obscure.

  • 8.
    Ahlbäck, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hälsofrämjande arbete med levnadsvanor i landstinget Västmanland: - Upplevelser av att delta i "Kom i form gruppen"2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Healthy lifestyles are an important condition for creating a positive health and dietary habits, physical activity and stress are factors that affect health. As a result of recent changes in society people's lifestyles have changes through unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, and stress has increased. Changing lifestyles have affected public health, and to invest in these areas in public health work can provide significant health benefits. Västmanland County Council operates a project to promote healthy behavior. The project includes "Kom i form gruppen" which is a group that focuses on nutrition, physical activity and stress. The aim was to investigate participants' experiences of participation in "Kom i form gruppen" and if the participation has affected their lifestyles. To answer the purpose, a qualitative approach with interviews used. The result shows that the content of the meetings has not identified any new knowledge. Participation has provided awareness and motivation and appreciation of food habits have been affected varied between participants. The participants' exercise habits have been affected by regular exercise occasions and everyday physical activity. Effect of stress has not been made, but they try to think about to rush less. Lack of time and stress, however, perceived as an impediment to healthy living.

  • 9.
    Ahlgren, Asa
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid-Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Mid-Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Work resumption or not after rehabilitation?: A descriptive study from six social insurance offices2004In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 27, no 3, p. 171-180Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The objective of this study was to describe measures and outcomes of vocational rehabilitation at six local national insurance offices in the same county in Sweden. Data were collected from mainframe registers and other records at each office. There were great differences in sickness allowance, incapacity rate, selected rehabilitation measures and resuming work. The percentage of sick-listed people who received any rehabilitation measure differed from 1.2 to 8.7%. The gender distribution for the study population was 36% men and 64% women and the predominant diagnosis was musculoskeletal pain conditions, which was followed by psychiatric disorders. Outcomes varied from office B, which reported 58% fully fit after completed planned rehabilitation, to office C, which reported only 24% fully fit. The clear differences in outcome between the offices indicate that various rehabilitation measures differ in effectiveness. The rehabilitation measure 'investigation of working ability' was not linked to any great proportion of people resuming work, but showed a greater correspondence to full disability pension. There were also large differences in social and demographic factors in the different municipalities. The effect of these on the rehabilitation process requires further investigation.

  • 10.
    Ahlgren, Asa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Broman, Lisbet
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bergroth, Alf
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Ekholm, Jan
    Mid Sweden University, Östersund, Sweden.
    Disability pension despite vocational rehabilitation?: A study from six social insurance offices of a county2005In: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, ISSN 0342-5282, E-ISSN 1473-5660, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 33-42Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many long-term sick-listed individuals move from vocational rehabilitation to pension, rather than reaching the goal of return to work. There is thus reason to consider whether rehabilitation resources are being used optimally. Individuals receiving disability pensions are consuming financial and personnel resources at the insurance offices and also consume a large amount of health care. The general objective of the study was to evaluate the proportion of individuals granted vocational rehabilitation but then obtaining temporary or permanent disability pensions. All persons receiving any kind of rehabilitation and attending one of six local national insurance offices in a county in Sweden in 1998 and 1999 were studied. A 2-year follow-up was carried out to assess changes in status among those who had received temporary disability pensions. Of all individuals receiving rehabilitation, 46.2% ended up with a disability pension allowance. In addition, a large portion of the temporary disability pensions was transformed to permanent disability pensions within 2 years. For clients with a temporary disability pension, the rate of resuming work was close to nil. Among rehabilitation measures, investigation showed the lowest figures of work resumption while job training showed the best outcome in this respect. The study concluded that a large portion of the financial and personnel resources allocated by the national insurance offices to rehabilitation resulted in disability pensions.

  • 11.
    Ahlm, Marielle
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Swärd, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Vård i livets slutskede: Systematisk litteraturstudie om sjuksköterskors erfarenheter2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Vård i livets slutskede sker på på vårdavdelningar, i hemmet, inom primärvården, på hospice eller via hemtjänsten. I sitt dagliga arbete kommer allmänsjuksköterskor möta patienter som vårdas i livets slutskede. Den palliativa vårdfilosofin syftar till att lindra patienters lidande. Sjuksköterskor har den ledande rollen i omvårdnadsansvar för patienter. Syfte: Beskriva sjuksköterskors erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede. Metod: Kvalitativ ansats. Systematisk litteraturstudie med beskrivande syntes enligt Evans (2002). Resultat: Efter analysen framkom två teman och fem subteman. Tema 1) Otillräcklighet som inkluderar: Svårt att tillfredsställa behov och svårt att hålla personlig distans. Tema 2) Tillfredställelse som inkluderar: Meningsfullhet, stöd från teamet och förståelse. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskor erfar både positiva och negativa erfarenheter av att vårda patienter i livets slutskede. De positiva erfarenheterna framkommer när sjuksköterskor erfar sitt dagliga arbete som meningsfullt. De negativa erfarenheterna framkommer när sjuksköterskor erfar otillräcklighet. Relationen till patienter och dess anhöriga beskrivs som viktig för att höja vårdkvalitén. Relationen kan visa sig att medföra problem på sjuksköterskors personliga plan om de identifierar sig med vårdtagarna.

  • 12.
    Ahlzén, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Konflikten mellan arbetsliv och familjeliv: En kvalitativ studie om småbarnsföräldrars upplevelser av psykisk hälsa och balans i tillvaron2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Today's career choices and ambitions impose different demands on the individuals than in the past. In a labour market that demands flexibility and responsibility, the individuals are expected to be able to work almost anytime and from anywhere. These factors have contributed to an imbalance between work and family life that can trigger various forms of illness. In this study, I investigate how parents of young children perceive their mental health in relation to the balance between work and family life. This is achieved through a study that employs qualitative methods and data collection based on six individual semi-structured interviews, where the material is then analysed based on a manifest content analysis. The results show that today’s parents are well aware of the imbalance between their work and family life, and that this negatively affects their health in several ways, ranging from stress and anxiety to sleep problems and personal conflicts. To address this imbalance the parents creates routines, shared responsibilities at home, and allow personal time for leisure, in an attempt to create a form of control over this imbalance. The conclusion of this study is that parent’s experience that they have to have routines at work and family life, where the parents have lower demands on their own health.

  • 13.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm.
    Female Immigrants’ Health and Working Conditions in Sweden2007In: The international journal of diversity in organisations, communities and nations, ISSN 1447-9583, Vol. 7, no 2, p. 275-286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sweden is one of the European countries that has successively changed from a mainly ethnically homogeneous society into a multi-ethnic society. In 2001, almost 20 per cent of the Swedish population was classified as immigrants, i.e., they were either born abroad and naturalized, of foreign nationality or born in Sweden with at least one parent who had been born abroad. Reports, statistics and research have shown that the health of female immigrants is worse than that of the total population and that the incidence of long-term sickness absence and early retirement is higher in this group. The overall aim of this article is to describe, understand and analyze factors that contribute to poor health among female immigrants in Sweden from the perspective of class, gender and ethnicity. Being unemployed, on sick leave or working in occupation with low income and low status are examples that are related to class position, gender and ethnicity. The main three aspects based on class are wage, professional status and female immigrants position in the hierarchical work organisation. Other factors are discrimination due to ethnicity and gender, unfavourable physical and psychosocial work environment and absence of opportunities for skills upgrade training. Experiences of rape, domestic violence, unanswered emotional and sexual needs and patriarchal culture are examples that are related to gender. And experiencing traumatic events (in pre-migration periods such as experiences of war, prison, etc. and in post-migration periods such as experiences of discrimination and racism) are examples that are related to ethnicity.

  • 14.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Patienters uppfattning om Vård på lika villkor2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 189-199Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    To find out the patients’ perceptions of the care and welfare services is important in order to develop the quality of care. The purpose of this study was to investigate the patients’ perspectives on care on equal terms and on their ideas about methods for a more equitable care. To achieve the purpose, qualitative methods were used in form of conducting interviews with patients’ and representatives of patient organizations. The results show that patients’ perceive that in order to achieve a more equitable care continuity, time during consultations, availability, communication and encounter should evolve and become better.

  • 15.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Promoting Equity in Primary Health Care2015In: Primary Health Care, ISSN 2167-1079, Vol. 5, no 216Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Equity in access to primary health care services is a central objective of the Swedish health care system. Yet, several reports have illustrated that disparities still exist in the primary health sector, and have increased since the beginning of the 1990s. This commentary analyzes and explains the reasons for continuing inequality in access to and utilization of primary health care services in a welfare system. Social and structural factors, communication, macro-sociological aspects and health care providers’ attitudes and perceptions are discussed as substantial contributors to inequality in access to and utilization of primary health care services. In conclusion, some intervention strategies for promoting more equitable primary health care are suggested.

  • 16.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Högskolan i Skövde.
    Utvärdering av projektet ”Utlandsfödda kvinnor som doulor och kulturtolkar”2009Report (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Vad sker med personalens inställning till Vård på lika villkor när verksamheterna deltar i Lärandeprojektet?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 176-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Equity in health and providing care on equal terms is one of the most important aspects of a welfare society. Several reports indicate that the health care services are not equal. The purpose of this study was to study health care providers’ perceptions on equitable care and their ideas about methods to achieve a more equitable care. An web survey was sent to health care providers whose unit were involved in the project "Care on equal terms" before and after the project period. The results show that health care providers perceived that the factors that influence clients’/ patients’ access to care on equal terms consists of: structural / organizational factors in the health care organization or in the society and clients’/ patients’ social situation.

  • 18.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Blev det ett genombrott?: Utvärdering av det nationella lärandeprojektet – Vård på lika villkor2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Sjukvården i Sverige är i dag inte jämlik, har brister i tillgänglighet och erbjuds inte på likvärdiga villkor trots Hälso- och sjukvårdslagens mål om en god hälsa och en vård på lika villkor för hela befolkningen.

    För att bryta den pågående trenden och öka jämlikheten gjordes en överenskommelse mellan regeringen och SKL om lärandeprojektet Vård på lika villkor (under åren 2011–2014). Syftet med projektets har varit att inom socioekonomiskt resurssvaga bostadsområden öka jämlikheten i första linjens vård. Detta genom att testa, utveckla och identifiera effektiva arbetssätt och metoder vid sju primärvårdsverksamheter från fem landsting i Sverige.

    Mälardalens högskola, Akademin för hälsa, vård och välfärd, fick av SKL i uppdrag att svara för forskarstöd och att genomföra en utvärdering av de metoder och arbetssätt som utvecklades och testades i lärandeprojektet.

    Resultatet från den genomförda utvärderingen som belyser den genomförda processen, mål- och resultat samt hälsoekonomiska aspekter beskrivs närmare i denna rapport.

  • 19.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Temaledare: Vård på lika villkor – Vad kan vi lära av Lärandeprojektet?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 2, p. 103-106Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 20.
    akhavan, sharareh
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden .
    Bildt, C
    National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden .
    wamala, S
    Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden .
    The health of female Iranian immigrants in Sweden: A qualitative six-year follow-up study2007In: Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, E-ISSN 1096-4665, Health Care for Women International, ISSN 0739-9332, Vol. 28, no 4, p. 339-359Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Immigration affects life and health in many different ways. The purpose of this study was to identify and analyze female Iranian immigrants' perception of various factors that influence their health over time. Data collection was based on semistructured interviews with 10 female Iranianimmigrants. Baseline interviews were conducted in 1996, with follow-up interviews in 2002. The results suggest that during the first decade after migration, female immigrants may overcome some health-related factors such as experiences of traumatic events. Other health determinants such as unemployment or experiences of discrimination and racism, however, were observed even two decades after migration.

  • 21.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. National Institute for Working Life, Sweden.
    Bildt, C
    National Institute for Working Life, Sweden.
    Wamala, S
    National Institute for Working Life, Sweden.
    Work-related health factors among female immigrants in Sweden2007In: WORK – A Journal of Prevention, Assessment and Rehabilitation, ISSN 1051-9815, Vol. 28, no 2, p. 135-144Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Work-related health has been a focus of research since the rate of sickness-related absences began to increase in Sweden. The incidence of sickness-related absences and early retirement is higher among female immigrants than among others in the total population. This study is based on a questionnaire survey which was conducted in a municipality in Sweden. The study population consisted of 2 429 native and immigrant female employees. The aim was to study work-related health factors for female immigrants. The results of this study show that about 20% of female immigrants who participate in the survey have temporary employment while the proportion is 8% for native women. The perception of ethnic discrimination among female immigrants was three times as much as among native females. The results also show that 69% of female immigrants report having received no opportunity to discuss their wages with managers, in comparison to 63% of native females. About 40% of female immigrants and 35% of native women report that they do not get opportunities to upgrade their skills. Female immigrants over the age of 50 experience gender and ethnic discrimination and lack of access to skills training programs more often than younger immigrants. They also participate in health-care activities more often.

  • 22.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life, Sweden.
    Bildt, C
    National Institute for Working Life, Sweden.
    Wamala, S
    National Institute for Working Life, Sweden.
    Work-related health factors among female immigrants in Sweden – A qualitative study on a sample of twenty workers.2006In: Italian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1723-7807, E-ISSN 1723-7815, Italian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1723-7807, Vol. 3, no 1, p. 60-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Aims: The purpose of this study was to explore work-related health factors amongst female immigrants in Sweden.

    Methods: Qualitative methods were used in order to get the broadest possible picture of female immigrants’ perceptions on work-related health factors. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with twenty female immigrants who worked in different departments of a municipality adjacent to a large city in Sweden. Most of the interviewed women came from the Middle East, Africa and Latin America, while some came from eastern and southern Europe as well as Finland. The women had lived in Sweden for 5-27 years. Content analysis, which is based on analysis by topic, was used to analyse the data.

    Results: Results from the interviews show that female immigrants perceived that work-related health is strongly associated with class. The three aspects of class that arose from this study were wage, professional status and their position within the organisations hierarchy. Other factors that were identified as being associated to work-related health were discrimination due to ethnicity and gender, unfavourable physical and psychosocial work environment and lack of training opportunities for upgrading their skills.

    Conclusions: The public health implications of the findings in this study suggest that measures that ought to be taken to improve female immigrants working conditions and health are primarily systematic efforts to counteract discrimination because of gender and ethnicity in areas such as wage setting and opportunities for skill up-grade training. This should result in improved employment opportunities for female immigrants, particularly those who work in low status and low-paid jobs.

  • 23.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Bildt, Carina
    National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Franzen, Elsie
    Wamala, Sarah
    National Institute for Working Life, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Health in relation to unemployment and sick leave among immigrants in Sweden from a gender perspective2004In: Journal of Immigrant Health, Vol. 6, no 3, p. 103-118Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to analyze health in relation to unemployment and sick leave among immigrants from a gender perspective. Questionnaire, observations, and group discussions were used for data collection. The study group consisted of 60 unemployed persons with immigrant or refugee background, 30 women and 30 men. Slightly more than half of the participants considered theirhealth to be poor and experienced physical and/or mental disorders. The female participants in comparison to male participants experienced poorer health. The results show that there is a reciprocal influence between health, work, and migration. Immigration may cause poor health, which as a selection effect leads to unemployment and/or sick leave. Immigration may also bring about an inferior position in the labor market, which leads to poor health due to exposure effects. The influence on health is more marked for immigrant women than for immigrant men.

  • 24.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Client/patient perceptions of achieving equity in primary health care: a mixed methods study2015In: International Journal for Equity in Health, ISSN 1475-9276, E-ISSN 1475-9276, Vol. 14, no 1, p. 1-12, article id 196Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract Introduction: To provide health care on equal terms has become a challenge for the health system. As the front line in health services, primary care has a key role to play in developing equitable health care, responsive to the needs of different population groups. Reducing inequalities in care has been a central and recurring theme in Swedish health reforms. The aim of this study is to describe and assess client/patient experiences and perceptions of care in four primary health care units (PHCUs) involved in Sweden's national Care on Equal Terms project. Methods: Mixed Method Research (MMR) was chosen to describe and assess client/patient experiences and perceptions of health care with regard to equity. There was a focus group discussion, and individual interviews with 21 clients/patients and three representatives of patient associations. Data from the Swedish National Patient Survey (NPS), conducted in 2011 and followed up in 2013, were also used. Results: The interview data were divided into two main categories and three subcategories. The first category "Perception of equitable health care" had two subcategories, namely "Health care providers' perceptions" and "Fairness and participation". The second category "To achieve more equitable health care" had four subcategories: "Encounter", "Access", "Interpreters and bilingual/diverse health care providers" and "Time pressure and continuity". Results from the NPS showed that two of the PHCUs improved in some aspects of patient perceived quality of care (PPQC) while two were not so successful. Conclusions: Clients/patients perceived health care providers' perceptions of their ethnic origin and mental health status as important for equitable health care. Discriminatory perceptions may lead to those in need of care refraining from seeking it. More equitable care means longer consultations, better accessibility in terms of longer opening hours, and ways of communicating other than just via voice mail. It also involves continuity in care and access to an interpreter if needed. Employing bilingual/diverse kinds of health providers is a way of providing more equitable primary health care.

  • 25.
    Akhavan, Sharareh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Tillgren, Per
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Aytar, Osman
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Bogg, Lennart
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Söderlund, Anne
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Practice and Policy in Promoting Health and Equity –experiences from a national project in primary health care in Sweden2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: The Swedish Health Care Law requires the health system to provide good care on equal terms to all. However, several reports from different governmental agencies have revealed that health care is uneven in quality, lacking in accessibility, and not offered on equal terms to all people. Recent public health reports show that inequalities in health in the population have increased. To provide health care on equal terms has become a challenge for health care.

    In order to apply methods for developing practice and policy in promoting health and equity the Swedish Association of Local Authorities and Regions developed and implemented a national project entitled Care on Equal Terms. The project began in 2011 and was completed in 2014 at seven Primary Health Care Units (PHCUs) in five regions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of this project.

    Methods: Based on a program theoretical approach an evaluation design was developed which included process, results and economical evaluation. In the data collection and analysis mixed methods were applied.

    Results: According to the process evaluation, seven different strategies were applied in the process to develop primary health care on equal terms. One of the key observations was that in order to achieve health on more equal terms, health care needs to be provided on unequal terms, i. e. more needs to be done to reach those who need more assistance to access health services. Health promotion was one of the applied strategies and it was the most common strategy at some of the health care centers with the aim of developing patients' knowledge, awareness and understanding about health, care and self-care. The results evaluation showed that the PHCUs staff identified structural and organizational factors in health care as important factors for developing health promotion and equity in access. The health economic evaluation showed that the costs for implementing the activities for an improved equity were limited. Yet the majority of the PHCUs thought that the detailed regulation of their financing and reporting requirements were a limitation in their work for improved equity. Four of five county councils have recently introduced a primary care provider payment system (ACG) which may not be supportive of efforts to improve equity in access.

    Conclusions: It is possible to develop and maintain practices that can contribute to more equitable care and increase health care personnel’s awareness about practice and policy in promoting health and equity.

  • 26.
    Alayed, Abdulrahman S.
    et al.
    Sophiahemmet Högskola, Sweden.
    Lööf, Helena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare. Sophiahemmet Högskola, Sweden.
    Johansson, Unn-Britt
    Sophiahemmet Högskola, Sweden.
    Saudi Arabian ICU safety and nurses' attitudes2014In: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance, ISSN 0952-6862, E-ISSN 1758-6542, Vol. 27, no 7, p. 581-593Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 27.
    Albinsson, Angelica
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Sundkvist, Anders
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att ha det modigaste modet: En fenomenografisk intervjustudie om vårdkultur utifrån distriktssköterskors uppfattningar2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 28.
    Alex, Thelin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Att leva med dialys: En litteraturstudie om patienters förluster och begränsningar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: There is a large group of patients in Sweden that are treated due to their chronic renal failure.  Adequate kidney function is life essential and therefore dialysis will be initiated to compensate the kidneys deficiency among those patients. Haemodialysis is conducted at a dialysis clinic and patients go there for treatment 3 times a week in an average. Problem: For the individuals bound to dialysis it is likely that the treatment could lead to an obligate to adjust one’s life for the treatment. This adjustment could potentially create suffering due to limitations in life of the patient. Aim: The purpose was to create an overviewing understanding of patients’ experiences towards everyday life when treated with dialysis. Result: Patients undergoing dialysis experience that they are depending on other people. Patients expressed that they were restricted to a life where everything was experienced only through a patient perspective. Conclusions: Nursing recourses must be gathered against patient self-efficacy deficiency and motivation so that patient participates in care. Understanding patient’s experiences helps to identify self-efficacy deficiency. 

  • 29.
    Alexanderson, H.
    et al.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Karolinska Inst, Dept Neurobiol Care Sci & Soc, KI Physiotherapy Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Björklund, Annika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Hälsopoolen Rehabil Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Ottosson, C.
    Karolinska Univ Hosp, Rheumatol Clin, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Dastmalchi, M.
    Karolinska Inst, Rheumatol Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
    Lundberg, I. E.
    Karolinska Inst, Rheumatol Unit, Stockholm, Sweden..
    FATIGUE IN ADULT IDIOPATHIC INFLAMMATORY MYOPATHIES2015In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 74, p. 106-106Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Ali, Mona
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Mälardalen University, Department of Caring and Public Health Sciences.
    Make Every Mother Count: Maternal mortality in Malawi, India and United Kingdom2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of this thesis is to examine and compare the maternal mortality in three different countries; Malawi, India and United Kingdom, as well as highlighting the attributing factors and preventive steps that would reduce the maternal mortality in these countries. Methods and material: The studied design that was chosen is an ecological study which means to study the relationship between aggregated health data and exposing factors, for example a geographical area and time period. The reason of choosing this study can be seen in the relationship and the factors that contribute to maternal mortality in Malawi, India and the United Kingdom. In order to attain the objective of the thesis a variety of sources were utilized to find data, statistics and scientific articles concerning maternal mortality in all three countries.Results and conclusion: Maternal mortality is the highest in Malawi and India, while it is very low in the United Kingdom when compared with these two countries. The result shows among other things that the maternal mortality is mainly caused by direct causes both in Malawi and India and in the United Kingdom the maternal mortality is mainly from indirect causes. It is also shown that the maternal mortality in these countries have been changed over the years. It is also shown that preventive steps such as family planning, skilled attendance, obstetric emergency care and antenatal care can significantly reduce the maternal mortality rate.

  • 31.
    Alkenius, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Johansson, Josefin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Åldern tar ut sin rätt": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om äldre och fysisk aktivitet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background:

    The older population is increasing in numbers. Several biopsychosocial factors are assumed to impact the older population’s physical activity level. The physiotherapist works with health promotion for older people primarily by promoting physical activity.

    Aim:

    From a biopsychosocial perspective describe factors that the older population living at home perceive as relevant to their physical activity level. Further to describe how the older population perceive that a physiotherapist can support their physical activity.

    Method:

    A qualitative, semi-structured interview study with an inductive approach was used. A purposive, convenience sampling resulted in five participants ≥80 years. The material was interpreted with qualitative content analysis and sorted into categories and subcategories.

    Result:

    Seven categories emerged for factors influencing the participant’s physical activity level: thoughts and feelings, tiredness/ weakness, bodily limitation, aging, physical environment, everyday demands and social environment. Four categories described how a physiotherapist can support the physical activity of the participants: motivate to physical activity, perform physical activity with a physiotherapist, give suggestions on physical activity and help to improve the physical functional capacity.

    Conclusion:

    The participant’s stories about factors influencing their physical activity level can be linked to the biopsychosocial paradigm. The participants had some difficulties describing how they perceived that a physiotherapist can support their physical activity, but several suggestions emerged. Future research should mainly focus on older people’s perception of how a physiotherapist can support physical activity.

  • 32.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Longitudinal paths of health related engagement of children with and without developmental delay2009In: Longitudinal paths of health related engagement of children with and without developmental delay: A person approach, 2009, Vol. 52, p. 684-684Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 33.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Stability and change in children's engagement: A 3-year longitudinal study involving pre-school children with typical and atypical processes of engagement2011In: Stability and change in children's engagement: A 3-year longitudinal study involving pre-school children with typical and atypical processes of engagement / [ed] Guralnick, M., 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 34.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Eriksson, Lilly
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Delaktighet i skolaktiviteter: Ett systemteoretiskt perspektiv2004In: Delaktighetens språk, Studentlitteratur, Lund , 2004, p. 137-156Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Participation in school environment of children and youth with disabilities: A person-oriented approach2005In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, Vol. 46, no 3, p. 305-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors related to participation in school activities of pupils with different kinds of disabilities. Questionnaires concerning participation were collected from 472 pupils with disabilities and their teachers, parents and special education consultants. A person-oriented approach with the aim to identify patterns of variables related to a high degree of participation of pupils with disabilities was used. Cluster-groups were formed based on scores for individual subjects on factors identified as important for participation. Groups with a high degree of participation were characterized by high scores in autonomy and perceived interaction with peers and teachers and an internal locus of control. Type and degree of disability did not predict cluster group membership. A conclusion is that the outcome participation is better predicted by patterns of interrelated positive subject and environmental factors than by type of disability or any other single factor. 

  • 36.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Pathways of engagement of young children with and without developmental delay2007In: Pathways of engagement of young children with and without developmental delay / [ed] Guralnick, M., 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Hellnäs, Petra
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Stefansson, Maria
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Granlund, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    'I can play!': Young children's perceptions of health2006In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 275-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is today viewed as a multi-dimensional concept partly conceptualized independent from not being ill. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge of how young children perceive health. Interviews were conducted with 68 children (4-5 years), within their pre-school setting, with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. A multi-dimensional perspective represented by the health dimensions of the International Classificationof Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used in a manifest deductive content analysis. The children's statements were categorized and placed under one of the four health dimensions, body, activity, participation and environment. A latent content analysis was applied to identify underlying themes in the manifest categories. The results revealed that young children perceive health as a multi-dimensional construct, largely related to being engaged, i.e. to be able to perform wanted activities and participate in a supportive every-day context. This implies that improvements of child engagement should be emphasized in health promotion and to a greater extent be the central focus of health interventions for young children.

  • 38.
    Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Uys, CJE
    University of Pretoria, South Africa.
    Sandberg, Anette
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    The concepts of participation, engagement and flow: A matter of creating optimal play experiences2007In: South African Journal of Occuptional Therapy, ISSN 0038-2337, Vol. 37, no 7, p. 8-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Positive  functioning  relates  to  the  ability  to  live  a  good  and  healthy  life,  but  for  children  with  special  needs,  this  might  be  compromised  and therefore factors related to positive functioning should be explored. As their restrictions concern a variety of general life situations including issues such as peer group interaction, participation, autonomy and self-determination, the focus should be on the children’s capabilities when they act in their natural environments. Functional abilities and the creation of opportunities in a challenging environment are optimal for new learning to take place, leading the child towards a positive end point. This article analyses constructs of engagement, participation and flow, indicating their interrelatedness and association to positive functioning. Outcomes change and unfold over time, indicating that functioning should be considered dynamic, context-dependent, culturally and historically conditioned. The article concludes with a suggested model for intervention to enhance positive functioning of children with special needs.

  • 39.
    Almén Åberg, Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Föräldrastöd: Professionellas syn på föräldraskap, behov av föräldrastöd och samverkan2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Background:

    Within the Swedish Child Health Care system parents are offered support both individually and in groups. The work with parental groups is a joint effort including the child health care nurses, the staff at Family Centers, preschool teachers as well as social workers. The child health care nurses also need to cooperate with the preschool teachers working where the child spend its days. The support offered to parental groups within the Child Health Care system does not seem to be updated to meet today’s parents’ need. There is research showing that parents ask for support. In spite of this participation in parental group education is low. The professionals’ view of the parental support work is reflected in their planning and implementation. The aim of this study was to make it easier to offer the right kind of interdisciplinary support using the right kind of methods.

    Aim:

    The aim of this study is to illustrate the view on parenting by staff in Child health care units, preschools and family centers and their need of support as well as interdisciplinary cooperation.

    Method:

    A qualitative content analysis was made of collected data from an interdisciplinary workshop with focus groups discussions. Staff from the child health care department, preschools and family centers participated in the workshop.

    Results:

    The professionals´ view of parenting, need of support and interdisciplinary cooperation was described through six categories which is summarized in the conclusion.

    Conclusion:

    The staff from the diverse sectors describes that there is difficulties for today’s parents in their parenting and this results in a need of a versatile kind of support that is both general and selectively directed. The main findings is that parents need support to believe in themselves and in their parenthood and to strengthen their relationship with their child as well as other adults. In order to offer this the parents should be more involved and the cooperation between the sectors should be improved.

    Keywords:

    Child Health care, Parental support, Cooparation, Preschools, Family Centers

  • 40.
    Amin, Mahgol
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Kubo, Tomomi
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    KANBAN Implementation from a Change Management Perspective: A Case Study of Volvo IT2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to investigate and analyze the implementation process of KANBAN, a lean technique, into a section of Volvo IT (i.e. BEAT). The KANBAN implementation into BEAT when ‘resistance for change’ and ‘forces for change’ arise is also analyzed. This implementation of KANBAN is equivalent to change taking place in the Volvo IT’s operational process. The thesis follows theories and literature on change management and lean principles in order to support the research investigation.

    How has KANBAN, with respect to change management, been implemented into an IT organization for its service production? How has KANBAN changed the operational process of the organization?

     The research conducted in the thesis is based on qualitative case study. Focused and in-depth interviews, combined with observations, are carried out to obtain the primary data for the case study. The collected primary and secondary data stems from the literature reviewed, which covers the lean principles, KANBAN, and change management. Moreover, the thesis adopts an abductive approach that goes back-and-forth between the theory and the empirical findings in order to develop a model.

    Due to various factors already existing in the BEAT, minimal resistance to change implementation was found to be present in Volvo IT. This finding indicates that change initiatives found a way to implementation because the predominance of the ‘forces for change’, as compared to, the ‘resistance to change’ is higher in BEAT. The KANBAN implementation into the IT service production is identified to be aligned with Volvo IT’s change implementation objectives. The visualization of the ‘intangible service’ workflow on the Kanban board contributes to identify the source of bottlenecks, which has been removed through effective communication in the BEAT team and better linkages between tasks. The KANBAN effectively deals with change implementation by modifying the way team members work.

  • 41.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Loss and grief in global social work: Autoethnographic explorations of the case of the Tsunami catastrophe in Northeastern Japan, March 11, 20112017In: Social Work in a Glocalised World, Taylor and Francis Inc. , 2017, p. 119-136Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 42.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Gustafsson, Lena-Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Elfström, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Zander, Viktoria
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Östlund, Gunnel
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    A holistic way ofworking interprofessionally in home care with and for older people2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Minemoto, Kayoko
    Koshien Junior College, Nishinomiya JAPAN.
    Fujii, Miwa
    Kwansei Gakuin University, Nishinomiya, JAPAN.
    Expressions of Identity and Self in Daily Life at a Group Home for Older Persons With Dementia in Japan2015In: Care Management Journals, ISSN 1521-0987, Vol. 16, no 2, p. 64-78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study focuses on expressions of identity and self among residents at a group home for older persons with dementia in Japan—a study, which started as an explorative study on spirituality—and how residents make meaning of life. Although aware of stages of dementia illness and briefly commenting on these, the analysis does not make any specific point of it. This article views dementia from a sociocultural perspective and is based on participant observations at a group home with 19 residents, combined with interviews with 6 of them. Two central concepts for the study are discussed and drawn on in the analysis: ie, meaning home and family, and dementia and boke, senility. The study examines how the group home is ie and concludes that it is “home enough” in the sense that one’s identity and self are honored here. The old word boke represents a state in which one has “given up” any attempts to keep one’s mental health. This concept was used by some residents to mark the line between those who were “helpless” with boke and those who could manage by themselves without boke. Identities are analyzed in different terms: as profession, as feeling secure, as being physically close, in social interactions, and as being cared for properly also after death. The analysis of self and identity showed that contentment in life was expressed in various ways, as a whole or as a patchwork with light and dark colors, and that it is still in process. Here, the supportive but discreet scaffolding of staff seems to matter. Life is lived until death, and the farewell ceremonies are analyzed as existential closures for many—and for life finalized here at Ie, the group home.

  • 44.
    Anbäcken, Els-Marie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Sand, Ann-Britt
    Stockholms Universitet, Sweden.
    Japan and Sweden with different types of welfare regimes but a similar elderly care development?  Family care from a gender perspective2015In: Care Policies in Korea, Japan and Sweden, Paju(Gyungkido), South Korea: Yang Seo Won , 2015Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Everyday functioning in six year-old children born preterm: From a child perspective towards the child's perspective2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall aim of the thesis was to explore everyday functioning in six year-old children born preterm, from the children’s perspectives and from their parents’ perspectives. The relation between everyday functioning and neonatal risk factors, behavioural characteristics was studied with descriptive and correlational statistics, ANOVA and multiple linear regression (I). Patterns of everyday functioning were explored in a cluster analysis following a person-oriented approach (II). In a mixed method approach, the children’s and their parents’ perceptions on children’s competence in everyday activities were explored with a pictorial instrument and analysed with descriptive statistics and qualitative content analysis (III). The children’s perceptions of meaningful everyday life situations were explored in a photo voice study, analysed with qualitative content analysis. In total, 144 children born preterm and 222 children born at term and their parents were involved.

    The results indicated that from the parents’ perspective most children born preterm and full-term were perceived with strong everyday functioning featuring strong motor, process and communication skills, a positive interaction pattern and low levels of behaviour problems. As a group, the children born very preterm were perceived weaker in their everyday functioning than the full-term group but the pattern of performance skills, interaction and behaviour varied similar to that of children born full-term. Further, it was found that preterm birth was not the main predictor, instead hyperactivity had most influence on everyday functioning. Moreover, the children born preterm perceived themselves to be overall strong performers of everyday activities. They wanted to be active and do things and for that they wanted to have skills and significant others i.e. siblings, parents, friends and pets to interact with and to feel safe and loved. Further, the children born preterm expressed a will to develop, improve and gain new skills and to have more opportunities to do meaningful things.

    In conclusion, the results in this thesis indicate that young children born preterm are able to reflect on their everyday functioning, and express needs and desires for their participation in meaningful everyday life situations. Moreover, preterm birth is not the sole predictor of everyday functioning more critical is the interaction of individual, behavioural and contextual factors.     

  • 46.
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Strand Brodd, Katarina
    Martin, Lene
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Born too soon: a project about everyday functioning, health and welfare2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 47.
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Martin, Lene
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Strand Brodd, K.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Patterns of everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm and at term2017In: Research in Developmental Disabilities, ISSN 0891-4222, E-ISSN 1873-3379, Vol. 67, p. 82-93Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aim Children born preterm are at risk of neonatal complications but the long-term consequences for everyday functioning is not well known. The study aimed to identify patterns of everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm and at term in relation to perinatal data, neonatal risk factors, behaviour, and socioeconomic status. Registry data and data from parent rated questionnaires were collected for 331 children. Method A person-oriented approach with a cluster analysis was used. Results A seven cluster solution explained 65.91% of the variance. Most children (n = 232) showed patterns of strong everyday functioning. A minority of the children (n = 99), showed diverse patterns of weak everyday functioning. Perinatal characteristics, neonatal risk factors and socio-economics did not predict cluster group membership. Children born preterm were represented in all clusters. Conclusion, implications Most preschool children are perceived by their parents with strong everyday functioning despite being born preterm. However small groups of children are, for various reasons, perceived with weak functioning, but preterm birth is not the sole contributor to patterns of weak everyday functioning. More critical for all children's everyday functioning is probably the interaction between individual factors, behavioural factors and contextual factors. To gain a broader understanding of children's everyday functioning. Child Health Services need to systematically consider aspects of body function, activity and in addition participation and environmental aspects.

  • 48.
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Martin, Lene
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Strand Brodd, K.
    Uppsala University, Sweden.
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Predictors for everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm and at term2016In: Early Human Development, ISSN 0378-3782, E-ISSN 1872-6232, Vol. 103, p. 147-153Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 49.
    Andersson, Anna Karin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Martin, Lene
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Strand Brodd, Katarina
    Almqvist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Childrens and parents percpetions of everyday functioning in preschool children born preterm2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 50.
    Andersson, Ann-Katrin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Sköld, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    "Personalen måste hjälpa mig att resa mig upp": Erfarenheter av hälsofrämjande motivationsarbete inom rättspsykiatrisk vård2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Tidigare forskning har visat att patienter inom rättspsykiatrisk slutenvård lider av övervikt och svår fetma i högre grad än någonsin tidigare. Betydelsen av en positiv förstärkning från vårdpersonalen är viktig för att patienterna ska orka fullfölja sina livsstilförändringar. Syftet med studien är att beskriva sjuksköterskors och patienters erfarenheter av hälsofrämjande motivationsarbete inom rättspsykiatrisk vård. Studien har en kvalitativ ansats där författarna har använt semistrukturerade intervjufrågor. Författarna har intervjuat fem sjuksköterskor och fem patienter. Intervjuerna har bearbetats utifrån en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. I resultatet framkommer att sjuksköterskor erfar att det är svårt med motivationsarbetet då vården styrs av regler och struktur, men att även strukturen ligger till grund för motivationsarbetet. Sjuksköterskornas erfarenheter är att det gör skillnad i det hälsofrämjande motivationsarbetet när de har en relation med patienterna. Deras erfarenhet är även att de har sig själva som verktyg vilket speglar av sig till patienterna. Patienterna erfar att vårdens struktur är byråkratisk, vilket bidrar till bristande motivation i det hälsofrämjande arbetet. Engagerad vårdpersonal och positiva förebilder bidrar till en mer inspirerande motivationskultur på vårdavdelningar men negativa erfarenheter av personalens engagemang hämmar motivationen. Slutsatsen är att det blir skillnad i det hälsofrämjande motivationsarbetet när sjuksköterskor och patienter har en relation och arbetar mot gemensamma mål.

    Nyckelord: hälsofrämjande arbete, kvalitativ innehållsanalys, motivation, rättspsykiatriska patienter, sjuksköterskor inom rättspsykiatrisk vård.

1234567 1 - 50 of 1440
CiteExportLink to result list
Permanent link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf