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  • 1.
    Bechtouli, Nadia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Oldrati, Satu
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Den vårdande relationen inom psykiatrisk vård.: En litteraturstudie ur sjuksköterskeperspektiv.2018Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 5 credits / 7,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund Den vårdande relationen är kärnan i omvårdnaden. Patienterna beskriver att de behöver känna trygghet innan den vårdande relationen skapas. Psykiatrisjuksköterskan är skyldig att ansvara för att patienternas behov tillgodoses. Syfte Syftet är att synliggöra hur sjuksköterskor inom psykiatrisk vård beskriver den vårdande relationen. Vidare syftar studien till att synliggöra likheter och skillnader jämfört med hur den vårdande relationen gestaltas i den teoretiska referensramen. Den metod som ansågs vara mest lämplig för att besvara studien var en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Med en deduktiv ansats, vilket beskrivs utifrån Elo och Kyngäs, (2008). Den teoretiska referensramen som valdes till studien utgår från Kaséns (2002) fyra aspekter av den vårdande relationen. I resultatet framkommer sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av den vårdande relationer och hur den kan gestaltas utifrån Kaséns fyra aspekter. Det framkom likheter och skillnader i resultatets analys del, vad sjuksköterskor beskrev som vårdande relationer. Slutsatser som kan tas utifrån studien är att den vårdande relationen har flera liknelser med patienternas beskrivning av den vårdande relationen. Även skillnader i deras beskrivningar av den vårdande relationen visades. Den vårdande relationen berörde sjuksköterskan lika väl som den berörde patienten.  Nyckelord: 

  • 2.
    Börjesson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, Department of Social Sciences.
    Psykiatrins förändringar: En vårdares berättelse1997In: Hur ska själen läkas?: Den psykiatriska vårdens förändringar, Stockholm: Natur och Kultur , 1997Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Eklund Lundgren, Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Jag önskar att någon såg mig i ögonen och såg hela mig: Hur patienter med självskadebeteende erfar bemötandet från vårdpersonal då de söker hjälp för sina skador inom den akutsomatiska vården.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Guberman, Guido I.
    et al.
    McGill Univ, Montreal Neurol Inst, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Robitaille, Marie-Pier
    Univ Montreal, Dept Psychiat & Addictol, Inst Univ Sante Mentale Montreal, Ctr Rech, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Peter, Larm
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ptito, Alain
    McGill Univ, Montreal Neurol Inst, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Vitaro, Frank
    Grp Rech Inadaptat Sociale, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Tremblay, Richard E.
    Grp Rech Inadaptat Sociale, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Hodgins, Sheilagh
    Univ Montreal, Dept Psychiat & Addictol, Inst Univ Sante Mentale Montreal, Ctr Rech, Montreal, PQ, Canada.;Grp Rech Inadaptat Sociale, Montreal, PQ, Canada..
    Are Traumatic Brain Injuries Associated With Criminality After Taking Account of Childhood Family Social Status and Disruptive Behaviors?2019In: The Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, ISSN 0895-0172, E-ISSN 1545-7222, Vol. 31, no 2, p. 123-131Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The authors aimed to elucidate the links between traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) and criminal convictions in a sample of 724 Canadian males with and without criminal records followed up to age 24. Methods: Prospectively collected data were analyzed to determine whether prior TBIs predicted subsequent criminal convictions after taking account of family social status (FSS) and childhood disruptive behaviors. At age 24, diagnoses of TBIs were extracted from health records and convictions from official criminal records. In childhood, teachers rated disruptive behaviors and parents reported FSS. Results: Proportionately more individuals with offender status than nonoffender status sustained a TBI from age 18 to age 24 but not before age 18. Individuals with offender status who had sustained a TBI before and after their first conviction were similar in numbers, were raised in families of low social status, and presented high levels of disruptive behaviors from age 6 to age 12. When FSS and childhood disruptive behaviors were included in multivariable regression models, sustaining a prior TBI was not associated with an increased risk of juvenile convictions for any type of crime, for violent crimes, for convictions for any crime or violent crime from age 18 to age 24, or for a first crime or a first violent crime from age 18 to age 24. Conclusions: Among males, there was no evidence that prior TBIs were associated with an increased risk of subsequent criminal convictions from age 12 to age 24 when taking account of FSS and childhood disruptive behaviors, although these latter factors may be associated with an increased prevalence of TBIs among adult offenders.

  • 5.
    Kumpula, Esa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Health and Welfare.
    Ekstrand, Per
    Red Cross Univ Coll, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Challenges and Possibilities for Understanding Men's Health in Twenty-First Century Forensic Psychiatric Care2014In: Issues in Mental Health Nursing, ISSN 0161-2840, E-ISSN 1096-4673, Vol. 35, no 8, p. 613-619Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Forensic psychiatric care in Sweden constitutes a specific institutional environment in health care in terms of gender and power relationships. This context emphasizes safety and protection in an environment where men constitute a majority of the patients and staff. It involves relationships among men's health, constructions of masculinities, and issues regarding equality between women's and men's caring work. The aim of this theoretical article is to problematize men's health in relation to constructions of masculinities. Our analysis shows how the perception of health is involved in the construction of masculinities and how this plays out in daily interactions between caregivers and patients.

  • 6.
    Nisell, Margret
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Igl, Wilmar
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Öjmyr-Joelsson, Maria
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Frenckner, Björn
    Rydelius, Per-Anders
    Christensson, Kyllike
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare. Karolinska Institutet.
    Social issues among children with high or intermediate imperforate anus: a proxy perspective.2009In: Journal of child and adolescent psychiatric nursing : official publication of the Association of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nurses, Inc, ISSN 1744-6171, Vol. 22, no 3, p. 132-142Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    PROBLEM: Children with imperforate anus (IA) may be psychosocially affected. METHODS: Parents of children with IA and parents in two comparison groups rated their children using a study-specific questionnaire and the Competence Scales in the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Teachers rated Academic and Adaptive Functioning Scales in the Teacher's Report Form (TRF). FINDINGS: School items were rated favorably by the fathers of children with IA, and mothers reported less expression of their children's will. Children with IA were socially competent according to CBCL, although they received lower ratings on the TRF. CONCLUSIONS: Psychosocial issues seem to be challenging for children with IA, and this needs attention in care management.

  • 7.
    Pavlik, Lina
    Mälardalen University, School of Health, Care and Social Welfare.
    Hur behandlar jag mig själv i svåra stunder?: Uppfattning av självmedkänsla och Self-Compassion Scale bland vuxna med adhd.2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Research has shown correlation between high self-compassion and wellbeing as well as low self-compassion has been correlated with psychopathology. Little research of Self-compassion in nursing science has been done and the concept is still relative unknown. Aim: To describe how adults with adhd percived the concept of self-compassion and conversation  with Self-Compassion Scale as starting point. How did adults with adhd perceive self-compassion and it´s meaning? Which challanges and profits did they describe in the use of Self-Compassion Scale? How was their self-compassion? Method: The study had a QUAL + quan, mixed method design. Four participants performed cognitive interviews in the qualitative part and in the quantitative part 23 participants performed Self-Compassion Scale. The interviews underwent content analysis and the assessment tools has been numerically analyzed. Result: The interviews present three categories; Self-compassion contains wellbeing and the relationship to oneself and others, Conversation leeds to self-awareness and To explore problems and solutions is rewarding and challenging. Persons rate a medium-level self-compassion of 2,6 in total (medium level = 2,6-3,5). Highest scores for the categories isolation and over-identified. Conclusion: To converse about self-compassion can be challenging and important for persons with adhd. For the nurse within psychiatric care to have knowledge of self-compassion can be valuable to patient’s health and recovery.   

  • 8.
    Svindseth, Marit F.
    et al.
    Department of Psychiatry, Sunnmore Hospital, 6026 Aalesund, Norway, and National University of Science and Technology, 7440 Trondheim, Norway.
    Nøttestad, Jim Aage
    Department of Forensic Psychiatry, Broset, St. Olav’s Hospital, National University of Science and Technology, 7440 Trondheim, Norway. .
    Wallin, Juliska
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Roaldset, John Olav
    Department of Psychiatry, Sunnmore Hospital, 6026 Aalesund, Norway, and National University of Science and Technology, 7440 Trondheim, Norway. .
    Dahl, Alv A.
    The Cancer Clinic, Rikshospitalet-Radiumhospitalet Medical Center, University of Oslo, Montebello, 0310 Oslo, Norway..
    Narcissism in patience admitted to psychiatric acute wards: its relation to violence, suicidality and other psychopathology2008In: BMC Psychiatry, ISSN 1471-244X, E-ISSN 1471-244X, Vol. 8, no 13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The objective was to examine various aspects of narcissism in patients admitted to acute psychiatric wards and to compare their level of narcissism to that of an age- and gender-matched sample from the general population (NORM).

    Methods

    This cross-sectional study interviewed 186 eligible acute psychiatric patients with the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS) and the Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF). The patients filled in the Narcissistic Personality Inventory-21 item version (NPI-21), The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale. High and low narcissism was defined by the median of the total NPI-21 score. An age- and gender-matched control sample from the general population also scored the NPI-21 (NORM).

    Results

    Being male, involuntary admitted, having diagnosis of schizophrenia, higher self-esteem, and severe violence were significantly associated with high narcissism, and so were also low levels of suicidality, depression, anxiety and GAF scores. Severe violence and high self-esteem were significantly associated with high narcissism in multivariable analyses. The NPI-21 and its subscales showed test-retest correlations ≥0.83, while the BPRS and the HADS showed lower correlations, confirming the trait character of the NPI-21. Depression and suicidality were negatively associated with the NPI-21 total score and all its subscales, while positive association was observed with grandiosity. No significant differences were observed between patients and NORM on the NPI-21 total score or any of the NPI subscales.

    Conclusion

    Narcissism in the psychiatric patients was significantly associated with violence, suicidality and other symptoms relevant for management and treatment planning. Due to its trait character, use of the NPI-21 in acute psychiatric patients can give important clinical information. The similar level of narcissism found in patients and NORM is in need of further examination.

  • 9.
    Svindseth, Marit
    et al.
    National University of Science and Technology.
    Sørebø, Øystein
    Buskerud University College.
    Nøttestad, Jim Aage
    National University of Science and Technology.
    Roaldset, John Olav
    National University of Science and Technology.
    Wallin, Juliska
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Dahl, Alv A.
    University of Oslo.
    Psychometric examination and normative data for the Narcissistic Personality Inventory 29 item version: Personality and Social Sciences2009In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 50, no 2, p. 151-159Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI) is commonly used in empirical studies of narcissism. Few population-based studies have been published. Our aim was to do a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) of the NPI 29 item version with a four-factor structure, in two population-based samples and in a patient sample, and present normative population-based data. The NPI-29 was filled in by 324 respondents from the Norwegian population, 231 from the Swedish population and 167 Norwegian psychiatric patients. The four-factor structure of the NPI-29 with Leadership/Power, Exhibitionism/Self-admiration, Superiority/Arrogance and Uniqueness/Entitlement was reproduced in these samples. The CFA models showed good fit indices in all samples. Mean scores on the NPI-29 and four subscales hardly differed between the samples. For the NPI-29 total score and factors, few significant differences were observed. CFA of the samples supported the factor structure of the NPI-29 formerly identified by principal component analysis of the Swedish population sample.

1 - 9 of 9
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