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  • 1.
    Abid, Ali
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Roback, Joel
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Produktutveckling för Cate & Nelson Design: Framtagning av möbel2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport behandlar examensarbete utfört för industridesignföretaget Cate & Nelson Design. Företaget ligger i Eskilstuna och jobbar i huvudsakligen med möbeldesign och inredningsprodukter. Projektgruppensuppgift har varit att ta fram en ny möbel för företaget och arbetet har omfattat utveckling av hela produkten från idé till prototyp.

  • 2.
    Adolfsson, Emma
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Ergül, Caroline
    Reducering av produktionstryck i A-linan: Förflyttning av produkt2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Afshari, Houtan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Finding optimum batch sizes for a high mix, low volume surface mount technology line2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 4.
    Alt, Mattheus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Battery Connector - Examensarbete, Produktutveckling - konstruktion2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Examensarbetet är utfört inom produktutveckling – konstruktion och omfattar 15 högskolepoäng. Arbetet utfördes på halvtid under perioden januari – juni 2013. Examensarbetet utfördes för       OJOP Sweden AB i Eskilstuna av en student på Mälardalens Högskola. Examensarbetet startades den 6/1 – 2013 vid ett uppstartsmöte då uppdraget togs emot av OJOP Sweden AB´s ägare Anders Larsson. Uppdraget var att konstruera om eller konstruera en produkt med samma huvudegenskaper som företagets batterikontakt QuickPower. Detta för att reducera tillverkningskostnaderna som upplevdes för höga från företagets sida. Definitionen av problemet gjordes genom att undersöka den befintliga produkten och dess konkurrenter men också andra föremål som fäster på olika sätt. Undersökningarna resulterade i kunskap om hur problemet tidigare lösts och gav inspiration till en mängd idéer som bearbetades mentalt vilket ledde till skisser.  De olika skisserna sågs redan från början som potentiella koncept och redovisades för OJOP Sweden AB som fick utrymme att ge respons på koncepten. Ett koncept som innan redovisningen visat sig vara det bästa i både Pugh´s matris och QFD valdes gemensamt ut och fortsattes med. Det gjordes en enkel prototyp av det framtagna konceptet vilket bevisade en mycket bra funktionsduglighet. Med detta noterat och testat gjordes CAD-modeller som utgick ifrån prototypens dimensioner. Den slutgiltiga konstruktionen består av 6 (gånger två) komponenter, en huvudkomponent (spiralfäste), en kabelplatta, två plastkåpor och två skruvar. Dessa bearbetas på olika sätt och monteras samman för att vara redo att användas när kunden plockar dessa ur förpackningen. I jämförelse med den nuvarande produkten QuickPower håller sig resultatet på en nivå som matchar QP. En nackdel är att den inte fäster lika hårt som QP men resultatets enkla användning och resursbesparing höjer produkten.

  • 5.
    Andersson, Anna
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    A framework supporting the collaboration between the logistics- and the product development process2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other scientific)
    Abstract [en]

    In the competitive environment of today’s global markets, the demands of customers are increasing. They expect to get the best product at the lowest price with immediate availability. Logistics, including transportation, inventory maintenance, order processing, purchasing, warehousing, materials handling, packaging, customer service standards, and product scheduling must continuously be developed to meet the challenges of the market. The globalization, with longer distances to customers and suppliers, and the progressing trend of outsourcing are examples of why the importance of logistics has increased over the last few years.

    A considerable part of the final product cost is frozen during the early product development phases. In the early phases of the product development process, the cost of making design changes is low compared to making changes later in the product development process. The product development decisions made in the early phases of the product development process have considerable impact on future manufacturing and logistics activities as well.

    The objective of this research project is to develop a framework supporting the collaboration between the logistics- and the product development process. To do this, it has been essential to analyze which parameters influence the efficiency of the logistics process and the interface between the logistics- and the product development process. Also, to investigate how the logistics department can be integrated earlier in the product development process has been of interest. This has been done through both a theoretical review and also through a number of case studies.

    The result and conclusion of this project is a framework that gives support for what to focus on, how to collaborate, in which phases collaboration is meaningful, and which persons need to be involved in the different product development phases. Working as the framework suggests will, hopefully, give closer collaboration between the logistics- and the product development process than without this supportive framework. The expectation of the collaboration is an earlier integration of the logistics department in the product development process and through this influence and increase the efficiency of the logistics process.

  • 6.
    Andersson, Kristoffer
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Olsson, Emelie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Meningsförändrande innovationer inom industrirobotbranschen: En explorativ fallstudie2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this thesis the subject innovation and the change of meaning is in focus. The purpose of the study is to present a new dimension of innovation as a change of meaning together with the cases we’ve studied. It is discussed throughout the article if theories of perception and association can affect the organization and its ability to create meaning-changing innovations. The industrial robotics is a market in need of, perhaps, if not other markets but of finding new ground that results in the change of meaning. What happens when you stand at the intersection of main areas in the field of innovation? Is it possible that meaningful change can be found here, amongst radical innovation and industrial robotic arms and it’s technology? Our methods were interviews and prior research complementing the cases we’ve presented. We want to show how meaning can change various dimensions. Together with a perceptual theory and an innovation theory we’ve found out that meaning and innovation can go hand in hand.

  • 7.
    Antonsson, Sandra
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A different Africa: Spatial information design for a safer refugee settlement2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this thesis was to explore the spatiality’s affect on refugee’s sense of safety in the Osire refugee settlement in Namibia. The gathered empirics together with previous research and theories should lead to a design for a spatial information system. The system should contribute to peoples’ understanding of their environments’ whole structure as well as showing the way to the health centre and the police station, thus increasing their sense of psychological and physical safety. A wish was also to breathe life into the point of intersection of spatial information design and human science.

    The methods used to enable this were first and foremost a field study in the settlement to experience and acquire first-hand information. In addition observation, introspection and several interviews were conducted.

    As a result I established safety to be an issue that could be solved with spatial design. Refugees expressed that not knowing your environment or finding your way leaves you scared, uncomfortable and confused. With the use of a spatial information system safety can literally be created, as demonstrated in the design proposal. The conclusion is that much could be done to spatially solve complex issues as long as it’s addressed from that perspective.

  • 8.
    Appelquist, Angelica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
     2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 9.
    Ashjaei, Seyed Mohammad Hossein
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Clegg, Kester
    Univ York, York, N Yorkshire, England..
    Corneo, Lorenzo
    Uppsala Univ, Uppsala, Sweden..
    Hawkins, Richard
    Univ York, York, N Yorkshire, England..
    Jaradat, Omar
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Gulisano, Vincenzo Massimiliano
    Chalmers Univ, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Nikolakopoulos, Yiannis
    Chalmers Univ, Gothenburg, Sweden..
    Service Level Agreements for Safe and Configurable Production Environments2018In: 2018 IEEE 23RD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES AND FACTORY AUTOMATION (ETFA), IEEE , 2018, p. 1252-1255Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper focuses on Service Level Agreements (SLAs) for industrial applications that aim to port some of the control functionalities to the cloud. In such applications, industrial requirements should be reflected in SLAs. In this paper, we present an approach to integrate safety-related aspects of an industrial application to SLAs. We also present the approach in a use case. This is an initial attempt to enrich SLAs for industrial settings to consider safety aspects, which has not been investigated thoroughly before.

  • 10.
    Axelsson, Tommy
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rinne, Christian
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Förbättra leveranssäkerhet mot kund: En utredning för att göra tillverkningsprocessen enklare, rakare och stabilare2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det är vanligt att Svenska företag har leveranssäkerhetskrav på sina underleverantörer. Det är normalt att företag får problem att leverera varorna i tid till sina kunder ibland, vilket kan medföra stor ekonomisk förlust för företaget. Denna rapport är resultatet av ett examensarbete vid Mälardalens Högskola som utförts på uppdrag av International Aluminium Casting AB i Eskilstuna.Syftet med denna rapport är att se över IAC:s fabrik i Eskilstuna ute på Vilsta, för att kartlägga deras tillverkningsprocess och identifiera problemområden i tillverkningen som kan ha direkta effekter på leveranssäkerheten.För att uppnå syftet med arbetet utfördes först en litteraturstudie inom området effektiv produktion, följt av en empirisk studie som utfördes i fabriken på företaget. Detta ger arbetet en hög betryggande anknytning om hur verkligheten ser ut och ger innehållet en bekräftelse emot teorin inom området. En noggrann nulägesbeskrivning utfördes för att få en konkret bild över hur tillverkningsprocessen gick till och för att kunna se vart i processen det finns problem, vilket skulle kunna påverka företagets förmåga att leverera sina varor i tid till kunden. Arbetet resulterar till sist i tre koncept som är förslag på hur företaget skulle kunna öka sin leveranssäkerhet och få en effektivare tillverkningsprocess.En problemidentifiering genomfördes för att se över vart företaget skulle kunna tänkas rikta sina framtida utvecklingsmöjligheter för effektivisera sin tillverkning för att få en starkare leveranssäkerhet. Problemidentifieringen utfördes i flera steg, där företaget ensamma först fick identifiera sin syn på vilka problem dem hade, följt av författarnas uppfattningar baserade på intervjuer och empiriska studier. Till sist intervjuades externa konsulter, varav en fick göra studiebesök på företaget för att få en professionell validering av företaget och stötta upp föregående uttalande. Detta resulterade i många uppfattningar och synvinklar på saker som företaget kan utveckla och växa av.Rapporten avslutas med en diskussion om resultatet och vilka studier som inte hanns med och förslag på områden av framtida utveckling av detta arbete.

  • 11.
    Babic, Ivan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Siktanalys och förbättringsförslag för dumper2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this assignment was to analyse the visibility problems that occur for the operator of Volvos A40 hauler and generate suggestions for improvement. A modified product development process based on Ullmans model was used to create basic requirements for the solution and generate concepts with said requirements. The concepts were then evaluated and the highest scoring concept, which included a camera, was chosen to develop. The results also include calculations of the cameras desired focal length and object range, to achieve the defined field of view. An analysis of the result and project in general are provided after that, as well as the conclusions and recommendations for further research.

  • 12.
    Ben Tahayekt Ben Tahaikt, Chaimaa
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    A secure user authentication scheme for critical mobile applications2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Smartphones have facilitated tasks in private and work life for its users. In business,

    employees often should manage sensitive data that unauthorised people cannot access,

    so some user authentication is needed to perform. Besides the normal user

    authentication, some employers give the right to access to the sensitive data only if the

    employees stay in specific locations. That makes sense for those businesses that have

    various construction sites and offices that are not necessarily located in the same

    geographical region. In those companies, the employees must be able to perform their

    tasks from different locations regardless of the available network infrastructure.

    To protect the data from intruders, this research presents a secure location-based user

    authentication scheme for mobile application that works offline. This research considers

    to enable access to the sensitive data using off-the-shelf mobile devices without adding

    any extra hardware and with no additional information from a fixed infrastructure. This

    Thesis firstly describes the architecture and attributes of the proposed solution. Then,

    the techniques used for the design and functionality of the solution are presented. The

    results of this study reveal that the proposed solution is more suitable for the

    applications that is used in outdoor locations. Finally, to alleviate the shortcoming of the

    presented technique for indoor locations, a new method has been discussed and tested.

    This report is a final Thesis in collaboration with SAAB. The purpose of this research is

    to examine the best way to protect sensitive data managed by the employees using their

    smartphones in different workplaces.

  • 13.
    Bengtson, Linnea
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Maria, Wahlberg
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Moa, Fjell
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Åtta faktorer kring nätverkande i framtiden: Ett avstamp i en innovationsprocess2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this paper is to examine the future of networking. Relations to other people are fundamental to building a network and previous research shows the importance of collaboration. An innovative perspective has characterised this study, where innovation means the process where ideas are translated into commercially viable products, processes and services. Through benchmarking including interviews, trend spotting, theory analysis and a workshop, eight elements were identified to be important in the future of networking. These elements are targeted advertising, true open innovation, strong ties, specific attraction, diversity, meetings, environment and gamification, which were the main focus of an idea generation session and a creative workshop. The discussion involves a paradox found between an increased demand of physical meetings and the fact that some participants are experiencing an overflow of meetings. The last part of the discussion concludes thoughts about the innovation process.

  • 14.
    Bergquist, Lena
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Nytt logistikkoncept för inflöde och lager på Volvo CE, Eskilstuna2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Lean Production har blivit det produktionskoncept som många av dagens företag har som modell när de utformar sina produktionssystem. De första stegen mot ett flödesinriktat ”lean” produktionssystem tas ofta genom att transformera produktionen. Detta i sin tur ställer ökade krav på materialleveranser Just-In-Time, materialpresentation och låga lager. För den interna logistiken innebär inte sällan dessa krav betydande merarbete i form av t.ex. omplock av material från större till mindre emballge och kittning av materialsatser. Ska företagen kunna dra full nytta av sitt flödesinriktade produktionssystem måste det även omfatta försöjningskedjan och den interna logistiken. Det är idag en utmaning för den interna logistiken att anpassa sig till de variationer och förändringar som finns i den produktion som den är satt att försörja med material.

    Volvo CE OpESK står inför utmaningen att hantera kraftigt ökande volymer under åren fram till 2015. Dagens internlogistiska upplägg uppvisar begränsningar med avseende på bland annat inflöde och förråd. Dessutom saknas en långsiktig plan för internlogistiken. Detta examensarbete syftar till ta fram ett nytt internlogistiskt upplägg för komponentfabriken i Eskilstuna. Målet är att utifrån det befintliga internlogistiska upplägget, det framtida produktionsupplägget och andra företags logistiklösningar utveckla minst två logistikkoncept för inflöde och förråd som täcker de krav som ställs.

    I examensarbetet har Volvo CE OpESK:s befintliga logistikkoncept, alternativa logistiklösningar och de förväntade volymförändringarnas påverkan på inflöde och lager kartlagts, utvärderats och analyserats. Resultatet av arbetet har gett en beskrivning av hur den interna logistiken kommer att påverkas och vilka möjliga lösningar som finns för att möta detta. Med detta som utgångspunkt har ett antal koncept arbetats fram varav två har rekommenderats.

    Det första konceptet omfattar en logistiklösning för inflödet i godsmottagningen och logistikcentret. Rekommendationen från författaren är att Volvo CE OpESK i första hand ändrar arbetssätt vid inflödet för att öka kapaciteten, samt anpassar förråden i logistikcentret både till layout och storlek för att passa volym och materialmix år 2015. Nästa steg innebär att komplettera nuvarande bansystem med ytterligare banor för att öka flexibiliteten, minska sårbarheten och förbättra ergonomin för logistikpersonalen. Målet är att reducera mängden onödigt arbete även i godsmottagningen.

    Det andra konceptet omfattar höglagret. Här rekommenderas att stapelkranar och bansystemet för material in och ut ut höglagret renoveras för att reducera antal stopp och störningar. Vidare bör en strategi fastställs för höglagrets fortsatta användning. I ett andra steg rekommenderas att banor ersätter den befintliga transfervagnen vid in- och utleveranser av material för att minska sårbarheten.

    Under arbetet med konceptstudien har även arbetsprocessen utvärderats. Syftet har varit att ta fram riktlinjer för hur företaget kan arbeta med att utveckla koncept för internlogistik. Slutsatserna från utvärderingen är att använda en utvecklingsmodell, gå igenom grundförutsättningar innan arbetet startar, ta reda på fakta, inget system är för enkelt för att behandlas, ifrågasätt varför nya lösningar ska användas och bestäm principer och metoder innan tekniken väljs.

  • 15.
    Bhutani, Naveen
    et al.
    ABB Corporate Research Center, Bangalore, India .
    Lindberg, Carl-Fredrik
    ABB AB Corporate Research, Sweden .
    Starr, Kevin
    ABB Process Automation Services, United States.
    Horton, Robert
    ABB Process Automation Services, United States.
    Energy assessment of Paper Machines2012In: Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, E-ISSN 1876-6102, Vol. 14, p. 955-963Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There is a large value in making Pulp and Paper mills more energy efficient. ABB has developed an energy assessment service where opportunities to save energy in the paper machine are identified. The energy assessment is done by quantifying energy flows, benchmarking energy users, data mining and steam sensitivity analysis and by experiments and additional measurements at the paper machine. Energy quantification helped in identifying main energy consumer, benchmarking was useful to assess the gap between operating performance and best performance whereas data mining and steam sensitivity analysis helped in studying the impact of key operating variables on performance of paper machines. After the assessment an action plan was presented to the mill for energy efficiency improvement together with a return on investment.

  • 16.
    Blackman, Corey
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Evaluation of a Modular Thermally Driven Heat Pump for Solar Heating and Cooling Applications2015Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Exploiting solar energy technology for both heating and cooling purposes has the potential of meeting an appreciable portion of the energy demand in buildings throughout the year. By developing an integrated, multi-purpose solar energy system, that can operate all twelve months of the year, a high utilisation factor can be achieved which translates to more economical systems. However, there are still some techno-economic barriers to the general commercialisation and market penetration of such technologies. These are associated with high system and installation costs, significant system complexity, and lack of knowledge of system implementation and expected performance. A sorption heat pump module that can be integrated directly into a solar thermal collector has thus been developed in order to tackle the aforementioned market barriers. This has been designed to aid in the development of cost-effective pre-engineered solar energy system kits that can provide both heating and cooling.

    This thesis summarises the characterisation studies of the operation of individual sorption modules, sorption module integrated solar collectors and a full solar heating and cooling system employing sorption module integrated collectors. Key performance indicators for the individual sorption modules showed cooling delivery for 6 hours at an average power of 40 W and a temperature lift of 21°C. Upon integration of the sorption modules into a solar collector, measured solar radiation energy to cooling energy conversion efficiencies (solar cooling COP) were between 0.10 and 0.25 with average cooling powers between 90 and 200 W/m2 collector aperture area. Further investigations of the sorption module integrated collectors implementation in a full solar heating and cooling system yielded electrical cooling COP ranging from 1.7 to 12.6 with an average of 10.6 for the test period.

    Additionally, simulations were performed to determine system energy and cost saving potential for various system sizes over a full year of operation for a 140 m2 single-family dwelling located in Madrid, Spain. Simulations yielded an annual solar fraction of 42% and potential cost savings of €386 per annum for a solar heating and cooling installation employing 20m2 of sorption integrated collectors.

  • 17.
    Blackman, Corey
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Hallström, Olof
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Bales, Chris
    Högskolan Dalarna.
    Demonstration of Solar Heating andCooling System using Sorption Integrated Solar Thermal Collectors2014In: EuroSun 2014 Conference Proceedings, 2014, p. 523-532Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Producing cost-competitive small and medium-sized solar cooling systems is currently a significant challenge. Due to system complexity, extensive engineering, design and equipment costs; the installation costs of solar thermal cooling systems are prohibitively high. In efforts to overcome these limitations, a novel sorption heat pump module has been developed and directly integrated into a solar thermal collector. The module comprises a fully encapsulated sorption tube containing hygroscopic salt sorbent and water as a refrigerant, sealed under vacuum with no moving parts. A 5.6m2 aperture area outdoor laboratory-scale system of sorption module integrated solar collectors was installed in Stockholm, Sweden and evaluated under constant re-cooling and chilled fluid return temperatures in order to assess collector performance. Measured average solar cooling COP was 0.19 with average cooling powers between 120 and 200 Wm-2 collector aperture area. It was observed that average collector cooling power is constant at daily insolation levels above 3.6 kWhm-2 with the cooling energy produced being proportional to solar insolation. For full evaluation of an integrated sorption collector solar heating and cooling system, under the umbrella of a European Union project for technological innovation, a 180m2 large-scale demonstration system has been installed in Karlstad, Sweden. Results from the installation commissioned in summer 2014 with non-optimised control strategies showed average electrical COP of 10.6 and average cooling powers between 140 and 250 Wm-2 collector aperture area. Optimisation of control strategies, heat transfer fluid flows through the collectors and electrical COP will be carried out in autumn

     

  • 18.
    Blbas, Gara
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. 1993.
    Moradian, Shirko
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Social loafing i kreativitetsprocesser: En studie om social loafing har någon påverkan på innovationsförmågan2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien har som syfte att se om social loafing, som är ett socialpsykologiskt fenomen, kan påverka gruppers prestation och engagemang i innovativa kontexter. Innovationsprocesser sker oftast i grupp för att generera problemlösande idéer och nya potentiella innovationer. En kvantitativ metod med en experimentell forskningsdesign har varit studiens grund för att samla in data. Enkäter har även använts för att samla in data för studien. Med hjälp av insamlat datamaterial har studien kunnat analysera om det socialpsykologiska fenomenet har någon påverkan på prestation och engagemang i innovationsprocessens search-fas. Resultaten har visat att det finns signifikanta korrelationer mellan de grupper som testades för socialpsykologisk påverkan. Resultat från den, statistiska analysen har även visat signifikanta samband mellan engagemang och andra variabler i grupperna.

  • 19.
    Bruhn-Mohlin, Joakim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Enbom, Jens
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Personalinvolvering inom välfärdssektorn: En undersökande studie om personaldriven innovation inom kommunal hemtjänst2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    RESEARCH QUESTIONS: (1) How are employee’s supported to conduct innovative work? (2) How does the conditions for employee involvement differ between the municipalities?

    PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to examine change- and improvement processes from a employee driven/high-involvement perspective, as well as the conditions for innovation in municipal home care services within a larger and smaller municipality.

    METHOD: Data in this study has been collected with the aid of qualitative interviews, as well as a quantitative survey. The interviews were conducted on four participants with some sort of leader position to obtain knowledge about how employee involvement is applied in the current situation. The survey was carried out on employees in each municipality’s home care service, with the intention to look into their general point of view and attitude regarding innovation and employee involvement.

    CONCLUSION: Although at present there’s no full-fledged reality within the examined organizations, there is still support to be found in both earlier research and the results obtained in this study for the development potential of home care services towards employee driven innovation. Not enough organizational slack, as well as lack of opportunity for decision-making and initiative among employee’s in daily work is seen as potentially aggravating factors in the adoption of employee driven innovation.

  • 20.
    Bäckström, Therese
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Berglund, Clara
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Från internkund till hockeyspelare: En innovativ studie om samarbete på ICA Logistik2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper aims to come up with an innovative definition of the internal customer construct as well as an implementation strategy for a logistics unit of the Swedish grocery wholesaler ICA. We have reached our conclusions through creative study visits, interactive interviews, an innovative workshop, and by reading up on research. We have focused on lean management and theories about organizational culture, trust and communication and found connections to efficiency and effectiveness in all fields. During our interviews we discovered that ICA was facing some challenges concerning trust, communication and an individualistic mindset among the workers. We therefore tried to incorporate these problems into our concept Team Logistics in which the internal customers and suppliers are referred to as Centers and Backs, all in line with our ice hockey approach. As for the implementation strategy we recommend ICA to use positive incentives to build trust and boost the dialogue between in-chain departments. The goal is for the concept to increase efficiency and effectiveness.

  • 21.
    Bånghammar, Malin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Norling, Marie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Review and Approval Process -An Operation Development Project at ABB FACTS R&D2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABB is a global leader in Power and Automation Technologies. This Theses Work has been carried out at ABB FACTS R&D Department in Västerås. ABB FACTS intend to develop new Product Platforms that is partly accomplished with new methods and processes. This Master Thesis concerns the development of a generic Review and Approval Process for these R&D Projects.

    The development of the generic Review and Approval process is mostly founded on several interviews of employees at ABB FACTS. The respondents are employees from several departments with different amount of experiences and background. In addition to the interviews a Literature Study focused on Roles and Responsibilities, Document Management and R&D Processes was performed.

    Information in connection to the problem statements concerning Responsibility- and Project Roles in R&D projects and Review and Approval Execution was collected and analyzed during the project. Information regarding how to demonstrate Roles and Responsibilities in relation to the project participants was also considered.

    The result of this project consists of a Responsibility Chart where all R&D Project related Document Types are listed in relation to the defined Project Roles. This Responsibility Chart also display what responsibility every Project Role has regarding review and approval related to the Document Types. Besides the Responsibility Chart also other objects were developed, such as a Review Record, a Process Description and a User Guide.

    The above mentioned results are developed in close cooperation with several R&D Project Managers. Furthermore the expectations are that the developed result will be taken in usage and thereby continuously be revised and improved in order to suit the organization to maximum extent.

  • 22.
    Capozucco, Cristian
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Constraints for avoiding SysML model inconsistencies2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Darwish, Zaid
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Darweesh, Rawan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kan kreativitet lindra arbetsstressen och förbättra arbetarnas hälsa?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at examining the importance of creativity and the conditions that create creativity to relieve the stresses of workers and how it can improve their health. This is done to facilitate the work of both leaders, employees and, above all, to achieve a better health within the organization.

  • 24.
    Darwish, Zaid
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Darweesh, Rawan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kan kreativitet lindra arbetsstressen och förbättra arbetarnas hälsa?2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims at examining the importance of creativity and the conditions that create creativity to relieve the stresses of workers and how it can improve their health. This is done to facilitate the work of both leaders, employees and, above all, to achieve a better health within the organization.

  • 25.
    David, Erzberger
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Oscar, Wahlström
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Studenter och SME företags upplevda värde av samarbete: En studie om vilka förutsättningar som ett sådant samarbete kräver samt vad som stimulerar ett attraktivt arbetsgivarvarumärke.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie lyfter behov och känslor från företag och studenter i frågor om samverkan och vikten av nätverk. Det fastställs även i studien att studenter är osäkra och omedvetna kring vad för roller de kan axla efter sin utbildning samt vad de innebär. Studenter på Mälardalens högskola känner att det är för lite samverkan gentemot företag och poängterar att mycket eget initiativ krävs. Företag vet inte hur de ska ta sig in till högskolan och visa upp sig. Sociala medier är ett bra verktyg för att visa upp sitt varumärke men det som kommit fram är att det krävs mer än så. Studenter vill se företag i skolan och få chansen att bygga relationer. Det krävs mer interaktion för att tillfredsställa parterna. Det kan även minska rekryteringsprocesser, kostnader och felrekrytering medan studenter får mer självförtroende och kontroll över sin utbildning och vad hen vill söka sig till. 

  • 26.
    den Boer, Emilia
    et al.
    Wroclaw University of Technology, POland.
    Szpadt, Ryszard
    Wroclaw University of Technology, Poland.
    Łukaszewska, Agnieszka
    Marschal Office of Lower Silesia, Poland.
    Thorin, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Jääskeläinen, Ari
    Savonia University of Applied Sciences, Finland.
    Lõõnik, Jaan
    Estonian Regional and Local Development Agency, Estonia.
    Belous, Olga
    Klaipeda University, Lithuania.
    Comparative assessment of waste-to-energy potential in European regions2012Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper presents the results of assessment of the current status of waste-to-energy utilisation in five selected regions, which was conducted within the REMOWE (Regional Mobilizing of Sustainable Waste-to-Energy Production) project. The REMOWE project is part of the Baltic Sea Region Programme 2007-2013 and has been partly-financed by the European Union. The objective of this paper is the evaluation of the current practice with focus on the best practices that can be transferred to other regions. The selected regions are Estonia; Lower Silesia (Poland), Western Lithuania and North Savo Region (Finland) and the County of Västmanland (Sweden). The current situations in the project regions are presented with regard to the waste generation and treatment and the potential to use waste as RES. The waste types which were identified as relevant for energy recovery include municipal waste, sewage sludge, industrial waste (two streams: one suitable for biogas generation and the other one as alternative fuel for combustion) as well as animal manure. The greatest energy potential show residual municipal waste (68% of the total potential) and animal manure (24%). Energy recovery from these wastes should be a priority in waste management systems of individual regions. Current energy recovery from waste is very low in the considered regions, except for the County of Västmanland, where app. 68% of the waste to energy potential is utilised.

    Keywords: waste, renewable energies, sustainability, residues.

  • 27.
    Detjens, Sönke
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Flores, Erik
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Evaluating Lean Manufacturing Proposals through Discrete Event Simulation – A Case Study at Alfa Laval2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In their strive for success in competitive markets companies often turn to Lean philosophy. However, for many companies Lean benefits are hard to substantialize especially when their ventures have met success through traditional manufacturing approaches. Traditional Lean tools analyze current situations or help Lean implementation. Therefore productions facilities require tools that enhance the evaluation of Lean proposals in such a way that decisions are supported by quantitative data and not only on a gut feeling.

    This thesis proposes how Discrete Event Simulation may be used as an evaluation tool in production process improvement to decide which proposal best suits Lean requirements. Theoretical and empirical studies were carried out. Literature review helped define the problem. A case study was performed at Alfa Laval to investigate through a holistic approach how and why did this tool provide a solution to the research questions. Case study analysis was substantiated with Discrete Event Simulation models for the evaluation of current and future state Lean proposals.

    Results of this study show that Discrete Event Simulation was not designed and does not function as a Lean specific tool. The use of Discrete Event Simulation in Lean assessment applications requires the organization to understand the principles of Lean and its desired effects. However, the use of traditional static Lean tools such as Value Stream Mapping and dynamic Discrete Event Simulation complement each other in a variety of ways. Discrete Event Simulation provides a unique condition to account for process variability and randomness. Both measurement of and reduction in variability through simulation provide insight to Lean implementation strategies.

  • 28.
    Dubois, Joacim
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kunnari, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Agila metoder utanför IT-sfären: Att skapa en ny agil arbetsmetod2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During this study the authors had an assignment from a client which was creating a new Agile project methodology for the client, to promote their work on the project they undertake annually, named Jobb Shop. The project had during the last execution not been implemented by means of a specific project methodology. During this process the authors of this study created a specific agile methodology for the client that they can use in future years in the implementation of Jobb Shop. Alongside this, the authors also did a meta-analysis of the new method in which they studied how the new agile method, theoretically, can promote creativity and innovation. The results of the study showed that the theoretical basis for the above question was good, and they concluded that agile methods, theoretically, may well promote creativity and innovation.

  • 29.
    Edén, Sebastian
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Analys av avisning genom uppvärmda rullbanor på flygplatsen2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This work is about deicing of runways at an airport. The traditional method of deicing the runways is to plow, brush, sweep and spray the surface with anti-icing chemicals. The entire process is very costly for an airport and requires large resources of both machines, personnel and chemicals.

    In this thesis it is analyzed if the cost of deicing could be reduced if a new deicing method is used. The new method is to put heat pipes under the asphalt to melt the snow. The power of such a system needs to be quite high in order to have the capacity to keep the surface free from snow and ice. To reduce the energy cost of power consumption the cost of different energy sources is compared with each other. It has been of great importance because the gain that can be achieved with the installation of the system depends on the annual cost of energy consumption.

    The installation of a heating system for handling the deicing at an airport has shown good potential for the contribution of an economic gain. There is a wide variety of energy sources available to use for energy supply that can reduce the annual cost for deicing, compared with traditional deicing methods. However it is of much importance to use the energy source with the lowest operating cost for the system, as this will allow it to earn back the investment cost for the system as soon as possible. The ability to regulate the power of the system when necessary keeps the energy consumption as low as possible and thus reduces operating costs.

    The work restricts the installation of the system to new buildings of airports and uses energy calculations that requires inputs depending on weather and wind. Arlanda is used as a reference airport. This to collect the required data and to put the results in relation to Arlanda. It turns out that an airport in the Stockholm area, with the same dimensions and costs of traditional deicing as Arlanda, can make an annual financial gain of 32, 45 million SEK. This means that a heating system earns back its installation cost within a period of 2.5 years. The prerequisite is that the system is limited to the areas where it is most beneficial. That will keep down the high installation costs. The conclusion is that a heating system in central Sweden and further north is economically advantageous, while it is not certain how favorable it is considered at the bottom of southern Sweden. This is due to the high installation costs and that the deicing costs for traditional deicing are relatively low in that area. This may mean that the system is not allowed to earn back its investment cost for a sufficiently short period of time. That may cause the system to be considered an unnecessary investment. However, the annual cost of deicing can be reduced independent of where in Sweden the airport is located.

  • 30.
    Ekström, Belinda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Lean i offentlig förvaltning: En studie av leanimplementeringen inom Trafikverket2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem, Lean is a working method that has become more common in the public sector as it is expected to streamline everyday operations. A demand that more organizations need to consider. Within academic circles the efficiency of Lean is discussed, but also what is actually included in the concept of lean. The Swedish Transport Administration has implement lean as working method within a specific part of the organization, consisting of Traffic Engineers from six different regions. The aim is to streamline four different case management teams in their work. A previous quantitative survey has shown that the experience of lean and lean implementation varies in the different regions. This study focuses on finding out why.

    Purpose, The purpose of the study is to evaluate the Swedish Transport Administrations lean implementation and seek answers for why the regions have embraced the approach to different degrees, and why attitudes to lean differ between the regions.

    Method, The study's objective was to examine the underlying causes of why the attitudes towards lean differ among the different regions. Therefore, the study was based on a qualitative approach with semi-structured interviews. These interviews were conducted in groups with traffic engineers to get a more region-specific overview of the problem. Interviews were also also conducted with the lean implementation managers in each region. The basis for the conclusions presented in this study are these interviews and an interdisciplinary review of previous research in the areas of: Innovation, Lean, Theory of Change and Organizational Culture.

    Conclusion, Organizational Change is a subject that is often treated mechanically, but with an organizational change, there must be an understanding of the complex systems that function within the organization. A change will engage and change the conditions for more employees than those directly involved, which affects the entire organization.Lean as a work method is more than a number of tools. There is an overarching philosophy that the Transport Administration needs to understand and make their own if they are to succeed in their lean work. Attitudes about lean depends on several factors. The regions experiencing that they previously had problems and that with lean have experienced an improvement is more in favor of lean as a working method. They also feel they have more influence on their work and that they are able to point out what they think needs to change. These regions give expression that communication in the implementation phase has been clear and correct. The regions who has taken a negative view to lean expresses that they have not had any problems with its previous approach. They also feel that lean mean a locking of the work where they used to be able to come up with their own initiatives and that they must now adapt to working methods that are not designed for the their specific needs. Communication has been experienced vague or nonexistent. In some cases, the attitudes towards lean have been directly affected by the spread of rumors that have arisen in the absence of clear information.

  • 31.
    Eriksson, Martin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Göräng, Mikael
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Kontorskyla: Kan borrhålskyla ersätta en kylmaskin?2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to compare cooling from a refrigeration machine and a borehole system. These technologies are chosen because they are observed as each other’s opposites. A refrigeration machine is associated with a requirement of large amounts of electric energy, while the borehole system is often seen as free cooling.

    The study is performed on a fictional building located in Västerås. The building has an area of 2 000 m² and a cooling requirement of 50 W/m². In the scenario studied the building is already equipped with a refrigeration machine, the goal is to examine if it can be motivated to remove this machine and replace it with a borehole system. The chosen environmental impact categories are embodied energy and carbon dioxide equivalents. In order to evaluate the embodied energy, EROI (Energy return on investment) is used to calculate the energy saved by removing the refrigeration machine.

    For the refrigeration machine most of the energy used is during the operation phase, this is because of the compressor which is used to produce cooling energy. In the borehole system 40 % of the energy used is during the operation phase and 60 % during the manufacturing phase. The drilling used 8.1 m3 diesel fuel, which dominated both the embodied energy and the carbon dioxide emissions of the borehole system.

    Results show that after only 4.5 years after installation the borehole system has less total embodied energy. EROI was then calculated as saved energy divided by invested energy and the result was an EROI of 7.4. The carbon dioxide emissions from both systems are heavily dependent on the CO2-emissions from electricity generation. Though, if a refrigeration machine were used during the buildings entire lifetime the leakage of refrigerant would be big enough to counteract this dependence.

  • 32.
    Eriksson, Pernilla
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Sundell, Martin
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    EXPLORING MARKET FORCES FOR TRANSMISSION EXPANSION AND GRID STORAGE INTEGRATION: A technical-economic thesis about variation moderators for intermittent renewable power generation in the developed country of Sweden and the developing country of China2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Fhager, Björn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kategorisering av idésyften: En kvalitativ analys av idéer i Volvo Construction Equipment’s idéhanteringssystem2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta examensarbete är att på uppdrag av Volvo Construction Equipment hitta en metod för att hantera och kategorisera idéflödet i deras idéhanteringssystem Interact. Den metod som användes var kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Slutsatsen är att metoden gick att använda för att kategorisera idéflödet men att ett material som sträcker sig över många ämnen tenderar att sänka tillförlitligheten på resultatet. Vidare bedöms materialet som detta arbete har producerat kunna användas för att bättre ta tillvara på idéer, vilket uppskattas av Volvo Construction Equipment.

  • 34.
    Fryklind, Louisa
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Kvalitetsarbete - från japanska sjön till fast mark2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Segerström Automotive manufacture sheet metal components to customers like Scania, Stiga and Volvo. The company is expanding, but the competitiveness and the quality requirements on the market are high. The company is quality certified. As part of the work with quality and improvements Segerström Automotive Production System, SAPS, was restarted during the spring 2007. One of the goals for the organization is to decrease the number of external reclamations. To be able to reach the goal a study of what have caused the stagnation of the number of reclamations towards the company was considered as necessary. Thus the thesis has been focused on analyzing the quality work within the organization, with its core in the reclamation handling. Areas for improvements have also been discussed. Both qualitative and quantitative methods have been used; for example interviews, data gathering and observations. The main theories used come from lean production and Total Quality Management.

    A deviation occurs when a product does not meet the customer requirements. Reclamations communicate a deviation. It was found that the external reclamations towards Segerström often were symptoms of internal deviations. Because there is no system for internal reclamations the deviations that are found internally rarely lead to any actions. There is often a lack of time and resources dedicated to analyze the root cause and to take necessary actions to eliminate them; the failure modes are repeated. Parts of the lack of resources could be solved by an organizational change, where clear roles and responsibilities within the fields of quality and improvements were specified.

    The company already has a number of different documents and methods to work with quality and improvements, but those are not implemented and used in a necessary extent. The challenge for Segerström is to choose which documents and methods to use and how to implement them. Routines should be created to link the different parts, methods and documents. To standardize and document more of the repetitive activities, identify internal customers, analyze where in the chain details should be measured, establish channels for communication, have quality responsible persons at the work stations in the production, educate the personnel in quality, create a system for recognition and rewards, document costs of quality and analyze how to gather and spread information about quality to the personnel are areas as the company should look closer into.

    It is important that the leaders of the company give the resources necessary, builds a structure to work from and follow up the work. To succeed quality has to be prioritized within the whole organization.

  • 35.
    Fäldt, Robert
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Åkesson, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vidareutveckling av serveringskanna i plast avsedd för varm dryck2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    This thesis work consists of a case study, where August Lund AB assigned the further development of an ergonomically designed plastic serving pitcher. The purpose of the assignment was to further develop the serving pitcher, to adapt it for hot beverages and the manufacturing method injection molding, and to serve as a basis for decision making regarding how further investments in the previously produced ergonomic design solution was to be made. To achieve this, the following thesis question was formulated: Which are the leading factors that dictates the product development of plastic products that will be injection molded?

    To be able to answer the thesis question and complete the development of the pitcher a literature study about plastic design was conducted, that formed the foundation of the theoretical framework. Secondary data was collected using academic literature consisting of books and scientific papers. A product development process was formed for the case study, that was a derivative of the generic product development processes presented in the literature used. To complete the theoretical framework for the case study primary data was collected by conducting laboratory testing, simulations, tests and interviews.

    The main part of the work conducted in the case study consisted of finding a satisfactory insulation solution, that would prevent the user of the pitcher from getting burned by the heat from the hot beverage. This resulted in that the product development never reached beyond the conceptual phase. Two different methods of insulation were explored. The first method consisted of a thermoplastic elastomer overmolding that was located at the gripping area. It was concluded from the conducted laboratory testing and the simulations that the thickness of the grip had to be at least 10 mm. The thickness necessary was regarded as to thick because of the associated manufacturing costs and the proposed method was rejected. The second method explored was a pitcher containing an inner pitcher that formed an insulating air gap. The simulation result indicated that a 3.5 mm air gap was necessary to obtain adequate insulation. An insulation method using an air gap in combination with the ergonomic design solution brings several unsolved problems, that need further investigation to be solved if the combination is to be used.

    The employer had the request of investigating if a thermos effect could be achieved. The result showed that an air gap would insulate the pitcher so that a 10°C higher beverage temperature would be achieved during the 45 minutes than if an uninsulated pitcher was to be used. To attain a better thermos effect, the air gap could be filled with a foam to reduce the convective heat transfer in the air gap. Reaction Injection Molding could potentially be used to produce the insulating foam.

    It was concluded based upon the case study and the theoretical framework that the leading factors that dictates the product development of plastic products that will be injection molded was the structural constraints and the design guidelines of plastic design. Also, the cost of manufacturing in relation to the product performance, the products potential selling price and the production volume. In another word, to be able to asses which changes of the design that leads to increased manufacturing cost and if the increase is justifiable in relation to the obtained product performance. DFM turned out to be essential and have a central role in the product development of plastic products that will be injection molded.

  • 36.
    Gräsberg, Simon
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rena Kärl2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett examensarbete på högskolenivå som går igenom framtagningen av en ny produkt åt friluftsföretaget light my fire.

  • 37.
    Gustafsson, Linus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eklund, Emil
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Monteringsfixtur fönster och ytterdörr2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a master thesis written by undersigned students at Mälardalens University. This report consists of a project where the goal is to develop products for the mounting fixtures for windows and exterior doors to the company Husmuttern AB. 

     

    The company Husmuttern AB is working to develop modular housing for constructions with the help of fixtures. The idea behind the usage of fixtures is that anyone even those with no previous experience should be able to build the parts for the finished house. This will be achieved by using an interactive screen with instructions that are easy to understand, even if you do not know the language.

     

    This project has dealt with everything regarding the development of walls with windows and exterior doors. Namely, the choice of both windows and exterior door models and the development of frameworks for the walls and finally the development of support for the beams to make it possible to build these walls in the fixtures. 

  • 38.
    Gustafsson, Therese
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Söderlind Östman, Madeleine
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    INTERN KOMMUNIKATION UR ETT MEDARBETARPERSPEKTIV: EN FALLSTUDIE AV EN ORGANISATION I FÖRÄNDRINGSARBETE2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

     

    Date: 2018-05-31

    Level: Degree Project in Industrial Engineering and Management, 30 ECTS

    Institution: School of Business, Society and Engineering, Mälardalen University

    Authors: Therese Gustafsson & Madeleine Söderlind Östman

    Title: Internal communication from a employee perspective –A case study of an organization in change

    Tutor: Anna Launberg, Mälardalen University

    Keywords: Internal communication, motivation, business culture, communication climate, communication models, inclusion, developing process, organisation, goal setting, positive stress.

    Research questions:

    How is the internal communication experienced within Svevia when the organisation is changing?

    How can the internal communication be improved within Svevia?

    What are the current channels of communication for information transmission and are they sufficient to satisfy employees?

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the internal communication at Svevia AB when an organisational change is desired. Also how the internal communication can be improved from an employee perspective. 

    Methodology: An abductive qualitative study forms the basis of this master thesis. The working process is based on a case study on Svevia AB, district area Västerås. By the abductive research effort an iterative process has been implemented, this in order to build new theories based on the future development of the internal communication at Svevia AB. The case study is based on a questionnaire survey for delimitation, four focus group interviews from an employee perspective and two deep interviews from a managerial perspective. This in order to create a plan of action for Svevia AB in combination with the study's more research-related issues.

    Conclusion: Based on the conducted case story, we found that the organisation’s communication climate, corporate culture and communication channels, are okay. There is room for improvements regarding the regularity and routines of the internal communication, to avoid the consequences if not. It is the organisation’s intension to continue working with individual goal setting and to focus on milestones at the offices. An action plan has been created in order to increase the sense of inclusion when changing the organisation and to increase the individual motivation.

  • 39.
    Gustrán Esteban, Sonia
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Universidad de Zaragoza.
    Furniture design for small spaces2014Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 40.
    Gutekvist, Niklas
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    Nilsson, August
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    EXTERNA RELATIONER I KOMPLEXA ORGANISATIONER: FALLSTUDIE MED KARTLÄGGNING OCH ANALYS AV SVENSKA KRAFTNÄT2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Hansen, Rickard
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Study of heat release rates of mining vehicles in underground hard rock mines2015Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    A unique study on fire safety in hard rock underground mines with focus on heat release rates of mining vehicles is presented. A literature inventory was conducted with respect to fires in underground hard rock mines, which revealed that the most common fire cause in underground mines was flammable liquid sprayed onto hot surface and the most common fire object was a vehicle. A major concern was the lack of documented fire experiments in mining vehicles and heat release rate curves. It also revealed the limited research carried out on fire safety and fire development on vehicles found in hard rock underground mines.

    In order to fill the gap of knowledge lack on heat release rates, fire experiments were carried out on wood cribs and wooden pallets in a model-scale tunnel with longitudinal ventilation where the distance between the fuel items were kept constant as well as varied. Different ignition criteria were applied in the ensuing calculations. It was found that the critical heat flux criterion generally showed very good agreement with the corresponding results of performed fire experiments but tended to have too short ignition times when the distance between the fuel items was increased. The ignition temperature criterion generally performed poorly compared with the measured results, but it was found that the accuracy improved considerably as the distance between the fuel items and the amount of energy accumulated on the fuel surface was increased.

    As a final approach, two full-scale fire experiments were carried out in an operative underground mine using a wheel loader and a drilling rig respectively. The resulting heat release rates of the experiments were compared with calculated overall heat release rates applying the different ignition criteria. It was found that the critical heat flux criterion resulted in ignition times very close to the observed ignition times. The ignition temperature criterion resulted in surface temperatures that never achieved the corresponding ignition temperatures. Some difficulties were experienced when calculating the heat release rate curve of the wheel loader, as it was difficult to accurately predict the mechanical failure of a significant part initiating the highly significant fire in the hydraulic oil. Additional heat terms were added to the heat balance, where the added flame radiation term was found to have a large impact on the output results while the heat loss terms were found to have very little effect.

  • 42.
    Hasi, Mergim
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    DU ÄR DIN PRODUKT: UTVECKLING AV INNOVATIONSPROCESSEN - IDÉ TILL MARKNAD2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 43.
    Hedberg, Erika
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Meningen med meningsförändrande innovation inom robotikbranschen: En explorativ fallstudie2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 44.
    Holmström, Christian
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Posan, Gabor
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    ISO 14001Miljörevisionsprogram för SAS Tech.2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The demands of environmental effects in today’s companies have been increasing more and

    more. To be able to withstand customers, cooperatives and government demands the ISO

    14001 certification should not be neglected.

    In January 2007 the general management of SAS decided to introduce an environmental

    management system for SAS Tech. The work which has been carried out is a part of the

    certification process of ISO 14001 which will be completed by the end of year 2009.

    The aim is to create auditroutines for the company in order to be able audit ISO 14001

    standard internally which is a demand to get certified and to keep the certification in the

    future. A schedule has been done which audits different part of the standard at every audit

    during one year. The purpose of internalauditing is to be able to confirm that the

    management system and the defined work procedures are fullfilling the demanded effect. In

    order to simplify work with the audits a checklist is also created for the whole standard.

    The auditroutine documents will be inserted among the documents for the environmental

    management system for SAS Tech, this´ll later on be certified externally of Bureau Veritas.

  • 45.
    Hoppe, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Industrial Economics and Organisation.
    The Prime Mover Matrix: A Conversation Piece for Building Strategic Innovative Capacity2018In: Technology Innovation Management Review, ISSN 1927-0321, E-ISSN 1927-0321, Vol. 8, no 7, p. 5-13Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The article introduces the Prime Mover Matrix as a conversation piece that will help management build strategic innovation capacity and gain desired influence on industrial standards and thus power. After all, just because a company calls itself innovative and invests in R&D does not mean it is actually innovative. To be strategically innovative means that a company deliberately builds its technical innovative capacity and business innovative capacity in relation to the influence of other actors’ actions and innovations. By doing this, a company will be able to increase its influence on industrial standards and gain the necessary power to reach its objectives. It is a relative position towards a moving target, which is why companies must continuously change through learning. This means that management needs help to reflect on how their own company’s innovative capacity compares to their competitors, and they must unceasingly steer their capacity towards the desired innovation position. Today, we lack intuitive and usable tools that will facilitate strategic conversations on how to best invest for desired innovation capacity. In order to fill this void, this article proposes the Prime Mover Matrix: a model that functions as a conversation piece for triggering an assessment of an industry’s technical, business, and prime movers.

  • 46.
    Huppert, Nathalia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Stenholm, Viggo
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Business modeling for predictive services in the process industry: A case study with a systems thinking approach2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to identify business opportunities created by digitalization. The purpose is to evaluate how these opportunities could be utilized, by identifying areas of improvements in the service portfolio.

    This study is a qualitative case study with an abductive approach, mainly using semi-structured interviews to collect data. The case study was conducted at ABB Industrial Automation Services, where the new Collaborative Operations Center was studied. The data was analyzed from a systems thinking perspective, using a Rich Business Framing sessions as an evaluation platform.

    The results illustrate how difficult the transition towards a more digitalized industry is. This stems from how different customers have reached different levels of automation in their plants. Therefore, the service portfolio must be flexible and agile, in order to cater to the different customer segments. This case study identified three customer segments, one focusing on internal activities, while the other two consist of customers that have reached different levels of maturity within digitalization. Different value potentials were identified, leading to a proposal of a service portfolio. The systems thinking approach was then evaluated, leading to the conclusion that it is a useful tool, but a time-consuming process.

  • 47.
    Idriss, Samia Dahir
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Unga Vuxnas uppfattning av en kommuns digitala plattformar-Användarinvolvering i ett tjänsteutvecklingsprojekt.: En kvalitativ studie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet med studien är att undersöka fortsättningsvisanvändarinvolvering inför kommunens webbutvecklingsprocessen, kan hjälpa att få idéer och förbättringsmöjligheter. Detta för att kunna hjälpa kommunen att utveckla sina webbplattformar och nå sina mål. För att begränsa studien, har författaren valt att enbart studera och förstå unga vuxna i åldern18–25 år.

    Metod: Kvalitativ forskning med deduktivt synsätt. Design thinking används för att empatisera med också generera nya idéer och förbättringsmöjligheter. Semi-strukturerade intervjuer och workshopsanvändes för att samla in data.

    Slutsats: Resultat från empiri har belysttydligthur unga vuxna upplevde kommunen webbplattformar. Unga vuxna har gett varierande och ibland samma synpunkter kring hur de upplevde kommunens digitala kanaler vid användningen av kommunens digitala kanaleroch hur de skulle vilja utveckla plattformar. Några hade lite problem med texterna som kommunen publicerar. Några andra upplevde inte detta, utan de hade annat problem. Alltså det var några som sa att det upplevde problem när de sökte jobb, och information på kommunens hemsida.

    Några andra lärde sig först vid praktiskanvändningav kommunens digitala plattform.Unga vuxnas svar och förslag på utvecklingsmöjligheter varieradeberoende på hur problem uppfattades. Då samtliga deltagarna under den här studien har påvisat sina behov och förbättringsmöjligheter, rekommenderas användarinvolverade metoder att användas i en kommunal kontext som utvecklar kommunala webbplattformar.

  • 48.
    Jahan, Israt
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Quality Improvement of the Waste Management system in ABB corporate Research Centre.2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 49.
    Jensen, Filip
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Åström, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Jakobsen, Freddy
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Motstånd till förändring2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study is to compare attitudes to change among innovation and economics students and teachers at one of the universities in Sweden.Data about students’ and teachers’ attitudes to change was gathered using a survey.Keeping in mind that knowledge can lower ones resistance this study is based on a hypothesis that individuals from the innovations program have a lower resistance to change. The study is also based on earlier research in regards to comparisons between students and teachers.The results of the study show that teachers have less resistance to change than students. Individuals in the innovation program are however less resistant to change than individuals in the economics program.One can discuss whether or not results of the study show that the hypothesis is correct.The difference between individuals in the economics- and the innovation program are statistically significant and has moderate effects in reality. The differences between teachers and students are statistically significant but only have a small effect.It is however a starting-point for future studies that will possibly explore the subject more profoundly.

  • 50.
    Johan, Norman
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Daniel, Karlsson
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tillit och kommunikation-samarbete mellan student och företag2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Problembakgrund: Kompetens för tillväxt är ett nyskapat EU projekt som syftar till att hjälpa småföretagare i Sörmland att ta del av den kompetens som finns hos studerande på högskolan. Tanken med detta är att göra det tillgängligt för företag att utveckla sina verksamheter genom att gratis erhålla tjänster de annars inte hade haft råd med. Med anledning av att det är så pass nytt är det relevant att undersöka hur dessa samarbeten ser ut och vad de inblandade parterna, det vill säga studenterna, företaget, högskolan samt kompetens för tillväxt bör tänka på för att få ett lyckat resultat.

    Syfte: Att ta reda på vad de inblandade parterna i ett innovationssamarbete bör tänka på samt hur arbetet ska uppnå en vinn - vinn situation.

    Metod: Uppsatsen är skriven med en kvalitativ forskningsmetodik och med en induktiv ansats. Arbetet har grundats på en fallstudie där författarna har bedrivit deltagande observation av samarbetet med beställaren.

    Resultat: I resultatet redovisas faktorer som författarna finner relevanta för ett lyckat samarbete inom kompetens för tillväxt. Bland dessa faktorer nämns kommunikation, tillit, samarbetsmentor och kontrakt som de viktigaste.

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