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  • 1.
    Abas, N.
    et al.
    University of Gujrat, Hafiz Hayat Campus, Gujrat, Pakistan.
    Kalair, A. R.
    COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Seyedmahmoudian, M.
    Swinburne University, Australia.
    Naqvi, M.
    Karlstad University.
    Campana, Pietro Elia
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Khan, N.
    COMSATS University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
    Dynamic simulation of solar water heating system using supercritical CO2 as mediating fluid under sub-zero temperature conditions2019In: Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, E-ISSN 1873-5606, Vol. 161, article id 114152Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    CO2 is becoming increasingly important as a mediating fluid, and simulation studies are indispensable for corresponding developments. In this study, a simulation-based performance investigation of a solar water heating system using CO2 as a mediating fluid under sub-zero temperature condition is performed using the TRNSYS® software. The maximum performance is achieved at a solar savings fraction of 0.83 during July. The as lowest solar savingss fraction of 0.41 is obtained during December. The annual heat production of the proposed system under Fargo climate is estimated to be about 2545 kWh. An evacuated glass tube solar collector is designed, fabricated and tested for various climate conditions. Moreover, a detailed comparison of the system's performance at sub/supercritical and supercritical pressures shows that the annual heat transfer efficiency of the modeled system is 10% higher at supercritical pressure than at sub/supercritical pressures. This result can be attributd to the strong convection flow of CO2 caused by density inhomogeneities, especially in the near critical region. This condition resuls in high heat transfer rates.

  • 2.
    Abdelkarim, Sofia
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Hasan Hawre, Hazhwan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kartläggning av ergonomin i en produktionscell: Med utformningsförslag för en ergonomisk arbetsplats2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    ABSTRACT

    Purpose: The aim of the work is to map the ergonomics in a production cell and propose and compare the solutions to identified problems. In order to identify the problem and come up with some solutions, these questions have been answered.• What factors lead to operations that are harmful to the body?• How can a production cell be designed to be more ergonomic for employees?• What are the advantages / disadvantages of ergonomics in a production company?

     

    Method: To perform the study and achieve the purpose of the work, the authors used a case study company where observations were made in parallel with a literature review mainly on ergonomics variety of analysis and quality. The case study company has been used as the basis for the case study where ergonomics are mapped by means of observations, interviews and data that were analyzed by means of literature study done in parallel.

    Study results: The study resulted in a survey of ergonomics in a production cell at the case study company and 5 different suggestions for improvement. The production cell on the case study company is a red cell today, which means that the production cell is in a non-accepted position and in need for urgent changes in ergonomics. Factors leading to bad ergonomics and a non-accepted position as Volvo's requirements have been identified. Many heavy lifting and many torque is what has the highest negative impact on the working environment and ergonomics. Lack of adequate lifting tools have led to those not used in the production cell today. This leads to repetitive work and encumbrance at the case study company. Further, also the working height of the paths contributed to an increased workload as operators are in an unnatural posture. All of these factors are the basis of the 5 suggestions for improvement as the study also resulted in. New custom lifting tools, job rotation, reverse the order of the court, new packaging and pallet to the gears and the robot turn. All these proposed solutions lead to reduced stress and improved ergonomics in the production cell as manual lifting and twists are reduced. The solutions also leads to the production cell shifting from a non-accepted position with demands of urgent change to a yellow production cell that requires an action plan for the future.

     

    Implications: The aim of this study was to map the ergonomics in a production cell. With the study in hand, a conclusion is drawn that the aim has been achieved when all three of the questions have been addressed. Factors leading to poor ergonomics are identified. As well the advantages and disadvantages of investing in ergonomics identified and how production cells should be formed. With this information in mind, a number of proposed solutions have been developed.

     

    Recommendations: Further studies on the subject are recommended to increase knowledge and interest. It may be appropriate to carry out more case studies at more industries to strengthen the study’s results and generalizability. Furthermore, studies are recommended where the entire work environment is studied and not only physical ergonomics. By studying the whole working environment and the many factors that interact it can lead to a greater force being created for higher efficiency and quality in production.

     

    Keywords: Ergonomics, Ergonomics, Work, Volvo CE, Load, Lifting Tools, Body Injury, Advantages, Improvements, Quality

  • 3.
    Abid, Ali
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Roback, Joel
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Produktutveckling för Cate & Nelson Design: Framtagning av möbel2008Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna rapport behandlar examensarbete utfört för industridesignföretaget Cate & Nelson Design. Företaget ligger i Eskilstuna och jobbar i huvudsakligen med möbeldesign och inredningsprodukter. Projektgruppensuppgift har varit att ta fram en ny möbel för företaget och arbetet har omfattat utveckling av hela produkten från idé till prototyp.

  • 4.
    Achi, Raghukulesh
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Exploring value proposition of service offerings in telematics system2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Services are making a huge impact in the business sector especially in the developed countries. As services are customer-centric, there is a need for an enhanced process framework connected to integrated service development. Such a framework should ideally address value propositions meeting specific customer needs in identifying corresponding service offerings. In this context, this thesis aims to explore on how value propositions are defined, developed, and communicated during the introduction of service offerings and to identify the ways to improve the process of value propositions. The work is carried out in the context of a major (Swedish) manufacturing company within a specific product context, namely, the telematics system. The main data collection methods are personal observations, semi-structured interviews, meetings, and company documents. The study seeks to answer three questions: First, what are the value propositions addressed by the current service offerings in telematics system in the context of heavy-duty vehicle equipment? Second, how value propositions are created during the development of these services offerings? Third, how can the service offerings for telematics system be improved through the process of value proposition? The study found that two types of value propositions namely customer value proposition and stakeholder value proposition are addressed by the service offerings in telematics system. Additionally, it is found that value propositions are created in relation to service offerings. Finally, the thesis proposes a six-step conceptual framework to create better value propositions during the development of service offerings. The presented framework is applied to the current value proposition process at the case company and improvement suggestions are proposed, which can impact the service offerings in the near future. The thesis has contributions to enhance or create new service offerings through addressing the value propositions and applying them. The results are beneficial for managers and developers who work in developing the future state scenarios or business models.

  • 5.
    Ahlqvist, Nicolin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rydh, Mathilda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Valideringssystem för diskmaskin inom vården2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta arbete har tagit upp frågan om hur ett valideringssystem inom vården skulle kunna fungera på bästa sätt samt dess design

  • 6.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Prerequisites that support the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development2017In: 24th EurOMA conference EurOMA17, 2017Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The overall purpose of this paper is to explore the prerequisites that support the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development. An exploratory multiple embedded case study has been conducted at a Swedish manufacturing company in the manufacturing industry. By studying four pilot plants’ organisational structure and way of working, this paper contributes with an increased understanding regarding how the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development can be supported. This paper describes how a technology roadmap, the usage of master processes and a supportive organisational structure can support the fuzzy front end of new manufacturing technology development.

  • 7.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering. Eskilstuna.
    The fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development: Exploring the link between the known and the unknown2017Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    It is well known that a way of competing on a global market is through the introduction of new manufacturing technologies in the production system that can improve product quality as well as contribute to reducing manufacturing time, reduced product price and in the end increased profits. Manufacturing companies that develop and introduce new manufacturing technologies can differentiate themselves from others and thus achieve increased competitiveness.

    The fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development is characterized by a high degree of technology uncertainty and challenges due to the lack of access to relevant knowledge, lack of a structured development process, and enough resources that are working with development of new manufacturing technologies.

    In the literature only a few empirical studies that explore the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development can be found. Prior research highlights that little is actually known about what should be done in the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development projects, and thus more research is needed. Supporting the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development is important to facilitate a successful introduction of new manufacturing technologies, fast time-to-volume and long-term production system development.

    Based on the above-mentioned importance of developing new manufacturing technology, the objective of the research presented in this thesis is to explore the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development. In order to fulfil the objective, empirical data were collected from five case studies conducted in the manufacturing industry. During the empirical studies four important parts were studied: organising, knowledge development, collaboration and the development process.

    The main findings revealed that development of new manufacturing technology is often conducted in collaboration with external partners and many ad hoc decisions are taken due to lack of a predefined development process for the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development. In addition, in the fuzzy front end access to relevant manufacturing knowledge is important and knowledge needs to be developed in order to reduce technology uncertainty.

    In order to support the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development projects, a supporting framework has been developed. The proposed framework is an elaboration of results from the research questions addressed and can be used as a guideline to overcome the challenges observed in the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development projects. The framework is built on two important dimensions for innovations, degree of technology uncertainty and degree of novelty. The critical factors identified in the analysis are embedded in the proposed framework as central parts in the fuzzy front end of manufacturing technology development.

  • 8.
    Ahlskog, Mats
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Eskilstuna, Sweden..
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Dept Prod Realizat, Eskilstuna, Sweden..
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Malardalen Univ, Sch Innovat Design & Engn, Eskilstuna, Sweden..
    Knowledge integration in manufacturing technology development2017In: Journal of Manufacturing Technology Management, ISSN 1741-038X, E-ISSN 1758-7786, Vol. 28, no 8, p. 1035-1054Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to identify and analyze knowledge integration in manufacturing technology development projects required to build competitive advantages. Design/methodology/approach - A longitudinal case study has been conducted at a Swedish manufacturing company by following a manufacturing technology development project in real time during a two-year period. Findings - The results show that three different knowledge integration processes exist when developing unique manufacturing technology: processes for capturing, for joint learning, and for absorb learning. The findings of the current research suggest that the three knowledge integration processes are highly interrelated with each knowledge integration process affecting the other two. Research limitations/implications - The major limitation of the research is primarily associated with the single case, which limits generalizability outside the context that was studied. Practical implications - The findings are particularly relevant to manufacturing engineers working with the development of new manufacturing technologies. By using relevant knowledge integration processes and capabilities required to integrate the knowledge in manufacturing technology development projects, companies can improve design and organize the development of manufacturing technology. Originality/value - Previous research has merely noted that knowledge integration is required in the development of unique manufacturing technology, but without explaining how and in what way. This paper's contribution is the identification and analysis of three knowledge integration processes that contribute to the building of competitive advantages by developing unique manufacturing technology and new knowledge.

  • 9.
    Ahluwalia, Arvind
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Computer Controlled Direct Descent2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    How an aircraft performs its approach and descent towards an airport today has got big potential for improvements. It's mainly the environmental impact and safety that can, and must, be improved for a sustainable future in aviation. "Green Approaches" is a small, yet relatively well-known, optimized approach system mainly used by Scandinavian Airlines on Arlanda airport. Unfortunately "Green Approaches" aren't used often enough, due to the simple reason that it doesn't work very well during heavy traffic. Luckily further research is being done in this field to further optimize an aircraft’s approach. As of today, the most forward going research is being done by the FAA and NASA, and their new system is called NextGen OPD. The system is not fully developed yet but their goals are, as previously mentioned, to optimize today's aircraft approach. In this report the focus will also be set on improving aircraft approaches, although not by optimizing today’s system like the FAA and NASA. Instead, a whole new concept of how aircraft approach airports will be developed. The reason that a brand new concept will be developed is simple, optimizing today's aging system will not be sustainable for the future. Also, optimizing an aging system has its limits. By designing a whole new concept, a steady ground will be laid and it shall be sustainable for the coming century's technology. The new concept will be called ”C.C.D.D.”, Computer Controlled Direct Descent, and will have a lot of goals and expectations to fulfill. As hinted in the name, the new concept is built on the idea that a computer will be controlling the whole approach, and therefore the "Human factor" will more or less be eliminated. Although the main purpose of a new approach system is to decrease the negative environmental impact, by decreasing the fuel consumption during the approach. The new concept will also decrease the noise an aircraft makes during the descent and increase the possibility for a greater traffic flow in the airport’s airspace. The end result will be a "win-win" for everyone involved. An environmentally friendly aircraft approach is necessary for a sustainable future in aviation. C.C.D.D. is a system that will pay for itself with time, because of the decreased fuel consumption for airliners. The system also has the ability to be expanded to computer control departing aircrafts, due to the systems highly computerized structure and integration with airplanes autopilot.

  • 10.
    Ahlén, Kritsoffer
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Rosén, Malin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Simulering som konstruktionsstöd2013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Ahmad, Mustafa
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Boukli, Tarék
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition: For Priority Aero Maintenance2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The economic crisis has affected the airline industry as much as it has affected all other industries in the world. The small airlines and maintenance organisations must find new opportunities and options in order to survive the harsh crisis. Priority Aero Maintenance is now an approved maintenance organisation performing maintenance on aircrafts, engines and components. The company sees economic gains in the future by becoming an approved organisation that follows the European Aviation Safety Agency guidelines (EASA) and meets the requirements outlined in the rules of Part-M.

    In order for the company to become an approved organization, responsible for continuing airworthiness of aircraft, a handbook should be presented to the local authority. This handbook describes the company’s responsibility for the continuing airworthiness in order for the authorities to get an insight into the company and its work.

    This thesis resulted in a draft of CAME (Continuing Airworthiness Management Exposition) and this draft has been approved by Priority Aero Maintenance.

    The CAME will in the future be used by the company as a basis for developing a more detailed manual to be presented to and approved by the Swedish Aviation Authority (Transportstyrelsen).

  • 12.
    Ahmadi, Mansour
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    The application of system dynamics and discrete event simulation in supply chain management of Swedish manufacturing industries2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Increasing competition from traditional and emerging channels has placed new emphasis on rapid innovation and continuous differentiation in every aspect of supply chain, from earliest production stage to the final distribution steps. To bridge the gap between brilliant ideas and successful business initiatives, leading companies implement engineering simulation particularly in logistics and supply chain management (LSCM). Discrete event simulation (DES) and system dynamics (SD) are two modeling approaches widely used in this field. However there are not much done researches about the applications of these simulation approaches in supply chain context of Swedish Manufacturing Industries (SMI). This study explores the application of DES and SD in LSCM of SMI by looking at the nature and level of issues modeled. Journal papers and master theses that use these modeling approaches to study supply chains, published between 1990 and 2012 are reviewed. A total of 39 articles are analyzed to identify the frequency with which the two simulation approaches are used as modeling tools in LSCM of SMI. Our findings suggest that DES has been used more frequently to model supply chains in SMI. The results also show that not all the LSCM issues have been addressed evenly and generally tactical/operational issues have been modeled more frequently. The results of this study inform the existing literature about the use of DES and SD in LSCM of SMI.

  • 13.
    Ahmadzadeh, Farzaneh
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Ranking of Two Multi Criteria Decision Making Cases with Evidential Reasoning under Uncertainty2017In: Advances in Science, Technology and Engineering Systems Journal V2(3) ASTESJ-V2(3), ISSN 2415-6698, Vol. 2, no 3, p. 1059-1063Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Many decision problems have more than one objective that need to be dealt with simultaneously. Moreover, because of the qualitative nature of the most of real world problem it is an inevitable activity and very important to interpret and present the uncertain information for making effective decision. The Evidential Reasoning (ER) approach which is one of the latest development within multi criteria decision making (MCDM) seems to be the best fit to synthesize both qualitative and quantitative data under uncertainty. To support this claim, two case studies were tested to illustrate the application of ER for prioritization and ranking of decision alternative to support decision process even with uncertain information. The overall goal of the first case study is to identify and prioritize factors that can be considered maintenance-related waste within the automotive manufacturing industry. The result after applying ER shows “inadequate resources” and “weather /indoor climate,” respectively, are the highest and lowest average scores for creating maintenance-related waste. This prioritization methodology can be used as a tool to create awareness for managers seeking to reduce or eliminate maintenance-related waste. The aim of the second case study is to look at the possibility of having a new approach for sustainable design. So through a literature review six design strategies were taken into consideration in order to develop a new approach based on all advantages (sustainable factors) of the six approaches. For ranking and finding out about the most important factors the evidential reasoning (ER) approach is used. Based on ER all the important factors, apart from the one collected from interviews are a part of eco-design. So it means among all strategies eco-design is the most dominant strategy in term of environment. However two of the important factors are not found in any strategy but in interviews. These factors can be used as the building blocks for a new approach. The importance of having a better structured decision process is essential for the success of any organization, so it can be applied widely in most of real world problem dealing with making effective decision.

  • 14.
    Ahmadzadeh, Farzaneh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Classification of Maintenance-Related Waste Based on Human Factors2015In: 22nd International Annual EurOMA Conference EurOMA15, Neuchâtel, Switzerland, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this research is to identify and classify factors creating maintenance-related waste. A workshop study has been performed in order to identify root-causes for maintenance-related waste. In total, 16 categories were found in the analysis and it is concluded that these are heavily reliant on human factors as a root- or major contributory cause. These, together with factors based on a literature review have been incorporated into a classification model. The model can be used in creating awareness in, as well as provide a basic framework for decision making of, which waste to target for elimination.

  • 15.
    Ahmadzadeh, Farzaneh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Using evidential reasoning approach for prioritization of maintenance-related waste caused by human factors-a case study2017In: The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, ISSN 0268-3768, E-ISSN 1433-3015, Vol. 90, no 9-12, p. 2761-2775Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The reduction and elimination of maintenance-related waste is receiving increasing attention because of the negative effect of such waste on production costs. The overall goal of this research is to identify and prioritize factors that can be considered maintenance-related waste within the automotive manufacturing industry. Five manufacturing companies participated in a workshop to identify root causes of maintenance-related waste; 16 categories were found. The identified factors were heavily reliant on human factors as a root or major contributory cause at different levels affecting performance and productivity. For prioritization, the evidential reasoning (ER) approach which is one of the latest developments in multi-criteria decision-making is applied. A basic tree structure necessary for ER assessment is developed based on the workshop results as well as literature on human factors. Then, a survey on basic attributes at the lowest level of this tree is designed and performed at one of the companies participating in the workshop. The application of ER shows that, on an overall level, "management condition" is in first order and "maintainer condition" and "working condition" are in second and third order respectively as the worst cases for creating maintenance-related waste. On the most delimited level "inadequate resources" and "weather/indoor climate" have the highest and lowest average scores respectively in ER ranking or prioritization. This methodology with its resulting ranking can be used as a tool to create awareness for managers seeking to reduce or eliminate maintenance-related waste.

  • 16.
    Ahmadzadeh, Farzaneh
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Jederström, Kathrina
    Mälardalen University.
    Plahn, Maria
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Olsson, Anna
    Mälardalen University.
    Foyer, Isabell
    Mälardalen University.
    AN INVESTIGATION OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FACTORS FOR SUSTAINABLE PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT USING EVIDENTIAL REASONING2017In: Numerical Algebra, Control and Optimization, ISSN 2155-3289, E-ISSN 2155-3297, Vol. 7, no 4, p. 435-455Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Those working in product development need to consider sustain ability, being careful not to compromise the future generations ability to satisfy its needs. Several strategies guide companies towards sustainability. This paper studies six of these strategies: eco-design, green design, cradle-to-cradle, design for environment, zero waste, and life cycle approaches. Based on a literature review and semi-structured interviews, it identifies 22 factors of sustainability from the perspective of manufacturers. The purpose is to determine which are the most important and to use them as a foundation for a new design strategy. A survey based on the 22 factors was given to people working with product development; they graded each factor by importance. The resulting qualitative data were analyzed using evidential reasoning. The analysis found the factors minimize use of toxic substances, increase competitiveness, economic benefits, reduce material usage, material selection, reduce emissions, and increase product functionality are more important and should serve as the foundation for a new approach to sustainable product development.

  • 17.
    Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Andersson, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Andersson, Tim
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Tomas Aparicio, Elena
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center. Malardalen Univ, Future Energy Ctr, Sch Business Soc & Engn, SE-72123 Vasteras, Sweden.;Malarenergi AB, Sjohagsvagen 3, S-72103 Vasteras, Sweden..
    Baaz, Hampus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Barua, Shaibal
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Bergström, Albert
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Bengtsson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems.
    Orisio, Daniele
    State Inst Higher Educ Guglielmo Marconi, Dalmine, Italy..
    Skvaril, Jan
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Zambrano, Jesus
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    A Machine Learning Approach for Biomass Characterization2019In: INNOVATIVE SOLUTIONS FOR ENERGY TRANSITIONS / [ed] Yan, J Yang, HX Li, H Chen, X, ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV , 2019, p. 1279-1287Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this work is to apply and evaluate different chemometric approaches employing several machine learning techniques in order to characterize the moisture content in biomass from data obtained by Near Infrared (NIR) spectroscopy. The approaches include three main parts: a) data pre-processing, b) wavelength selection and c) development of a regression model enabling moisture content measurement. Standard Normal Variate (SNV), Multiplicative Scatter Correction and Savitzky-Golay first (SGi) and second (SG2) derivatives and its combinations were applied for data pre-processing. Genetic algorithm (GA) and iterative PLS (iPLS) were used for wavelength selection. Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Gaussian Process Regression (GPR), Support Vector Regression (SVR) and traditional Partial Least Squares (PLS) regression, were employed as machine learning regression methods. Results shows that SNV combined with SG1 first derivative performs the best in data pre-processing. The GA is the most effective methods for variable selection and GPR achieved a high accuracy in regression modeling while having low demands on computation time. Overall, the machine learning techniques demonstrate a great potential to be used in future NIR spectroscopy applications.

  • 18.
    Ahmed, Zeinab
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Material och Lagerstyrningssystem2019Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Previously, Husmuttern had difficulty controlling inventory levels and purchase orders. This had a negative impact on production. The company had no effective system to plan and control inventory levels; material and inventory management was performed by an external supplier. The transport of raw materials was planned every other day and failed to take into account the vehicle’s load capacity, it has affected transport costs and the environment.

    The purpose of the thesis work is to identify problems and provide recommendations, supported by theories of how an efficient material planning system can be implemented, to increase profitability, reduce transport costs, environmental impacts, as well as achieve balance between material flow and demand.

    The results showed that using an effective material planning system, both stock levels and purchase orders are controlled. The student tested using the order point method to control stock levels and purchase orders.

  • 19.
    Ahvenlampi Svensson, Amanda
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Exploring challenges in a verification process - when adapting production processes to new environmental requirements2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The requirements on the products and production processes within the manufacturing industry are continuously increasing according to environmental standards. The new requirements are coming from a growing awareness of what our planet can provide for example by the global challenge of climate change. The industry needs to reduce energy consumption and waste to meet the upcoming requirements.

    One of the processes with high environmental impact in a discrete manufacturing industry is the paint shop. Surface treatment is also of great importance to maintain a high quality product. In scientific literature, technological risk is one of the barriers in implementing environmental conscious manufacturing. Therefore the area of sustainable operations management needs building bridges with other functions and disciplines such as economics, strategies and behavioral sciences in order to manage the transitions. The supply of competence around paint shops today is usually provided by suppliers and other sources within the industry and to make the collaboration to work is essential. In this process of collaboration with external sources, substantial measurements are required to maintain the desirable quality. In order to ensure the competence of testing the quality eventuate when switching technology at a pre-treatment line, this report sets out to explore what the challenges to be taken into consideration are when to assure the product- and- process quality. To respond to this question, a multiple case study is conducted during spring 2016 where the phenomenon to study is the change process and the unit of analysis is the challenges that can be faced during the verification process. The case studied is automotive companies located in Sweden which are producing components for heavy duty vehicles. Data collection is performed by studying documents, participatory observations and semi-structured interviews. The results will give insights to academia on what challenges that are occurring during the verification process of implementing new and cleaner technologies. The conclusions are drawn upon the literature and the empirical results. The managerial implications are to increase the awareness of any potential barriers in the verification process in order to be prepared for managing the technological change process.

  • 20.
    Akbari, Keramatollah
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Impact of Radon Ventilation on Indoor Air Quality and Building Energy saving2009Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Industrial living is caused much people do live and work in closed and confined places; offices and residential buildings. This is why in this new world more fresh air which is generally provided by forced ventilation plays a vital role in living of human being. Furthermore because of many different indoor pollutants, like radon and artificial pollutants, the amount of fresh air and in turn the energy consumption has increased. This energy consumption related to ventilation has reached up to about 30 percent of energy used of building section. So making interaction between indoor air quality (IAQ) and optimization of energy saving is a necessary work.  Radon as a natural pollutant is occurred in environment and in many countries threatens people health whereas is called the second causes of cancer. For reducing radon concentration in residential building at the acceptable level forced ventilation is used usually. Ventilation can improve IAQ but in the other side would increase the energy consumption in building sector and just now the contribution of ventilation exceeds up 50 percent of building sector's share. The aim of this thesis is to study the impact of ventilation on indoor radon by using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) to achieve indoor air quality and energy efficiency. Application of CFD as a new technology, because of its cost and time savings, and on the other side, of its flexibility and precision is  increasingly grown and can be used as a very important and valuable tool for the prediction and measurement of radon distribution in a ventilated building . Currently, measurement techniques and proposed standards and regulations of indoor pollutants and ventilation, particularly related to indoor radon cannot be able to provide a secure, safe and energy efficient indoor climate. This is why the indoor airflow distribution is very complex and with changing building geometry and operation condition, the treatment of air flow pattern, substantially would be changed, whereas the rules are usually independent of the buildings features. Furthermore, the indoor standards and regulations are based on average amount of pollutants in a room, whereas the pollutant distributions aren't identical and are varied throughout the room. Then the current techniques aren't so exactly valuable and acceptable.

    From different methods which is privilege to control pollutants, ventilation method is applicable in existing buildings. Designing effective ventilation can reduce radon concentration to very level low with regarding energy conservation remarks.

     

    This thesis presents results from simulation studies on ventilation and radon mitigation in residential buildings, in view points of indoor air quality and energy savings. The CFD technique is applied to predict, visualize and calculate of mixture radon-air flow. The distribution of indoor radon concentration, air velocity and room temperature also have considered together for achieving indoor air quality and energy saving. The results are also compared with the experimental data and related previous works.

     

    It was found that with increasing ventilation rate, the radon concentration is decreased, but the location of ventilation system is also important. From the simulation results, it is observed that within the ventilated room, there are some zones, which are good for living and somewhere is more polluted. The traditional radon detectors basically show the average value of radon content in 1m­3 of air. That is why detector measuring is not exact and safe.

     

    Simulation results proved that floor heat can be supported ventilation effect and speed up the mixture movement. Floor heating reinforces the buoyancy effect, which is useful to reduce radon content in the floor (seating area) and then lower ventilation rate can be applied.

  • 21.
    Akbari, Keramatollah
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Simulation of Indoor Radon and Energy Recovery Ventilation Systems in Residential Buildings2015Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to investigate the effects of ventilation rate, indoor air temperature, humidity and using a heat recovery ventilation system on indoor radon concentration and distribution.

    Methods employed include energy dynamic and computational fluid dynamics simulation, experimental measurement and analytical investigations. Experimental investigations primarily utilize a continuous radon meter and a detached house equipped with a recovery heat exchanger unit.

    The results of the dynamic simulation show that the heat recovery unit is cost-effective for the cold Swedish climate and an energy saving of about 30 kWh per  floor area per year is possible, while it can be also used to lower radon level.

    The numerical results showed that ventilation rate and ventilation location have significant impacts on both radon content and distribution, whereas indoor air temperature only has a small effect on radon level and distribution and humidity has no impact on radon level but has a small impact on its distribution.

  • 22.
    Al, Goran
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Boge, Kasper
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Metod för att säkra innehållet i Scania lastbilars underhållsprogram: Tillämpning av MSG-3 processen från flygindustrin2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Al Hamrani, Emad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Al-Dulaimi, Anmar
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Framtida installationskrav på Electronic Flight Bags (EFB): Med hänsyn till litiumbatterier2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This degree project studies the future regulations for the installation of electronic flight bags (EFB) with focus on the hardware and its safety implications in which the task was given by Bromma Air Maintenance (BAM). The aim is to ease the operator to handle issues dealing with EFB; such as lithium battery fire in the cockpit, placement of EFB in the cockpit, etc. This also addresses flight safety, flight controls, emergency evacuation and solutions in dealing with such issues. Flight safely is a vital factor to be considered since it jeopardizes lives. As recent reports indicate an increase in lithium battery powered devices incidents on aircrafts, this paves the way to find new solutions and procedures to mitigate them. By studying the current regulations, Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC), Advisory Circular (AC) regarding the usage/installation of EFB and future regulation draft (NPA) this study analyzed the changes, which indicated that there were not many significant changes made to the future regulation (new AMC). Although many chapter of the current AMC have been removed and introduced into a new section under AMC & GM (Guidance Material). Different placement of the EFB in cockpit has also been studied in this degree project, which has shown that depending on the placement choice of the aircraft operator there are advantages and disadvantages. This follows by studying the lithium (Li-ion) batteries: technology, mitigation of fire and procedures for lithium battery fire while also studying the recent incidents regarding lithium batteries fire and explosion in commercial and cargo flights. The solutions consist of using the latest technology to propose a new approach to charge the batteries, and store the burning batteries as well. This lead to a smart inductive charger and a smart fire contamination bag to be integrated into the procedures.

  • 24.
    Al Hamrani, Emad
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Gibrael, Nemir
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Fast determination of fuel/feedstock material properties and composition: By Near infrared (NIR) spectroscopy2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 25.
    Alamerison, Seif
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Tarek, Karzan
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    Samverkanspelare i icke bärande fasadelement2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The tests work is about the subject "synergism of steel and concrete."

    The construction sector is in a strong competition and the different companies in the Prefab

    Market has ever tried to develop new design solutions that are efficient and environmentallyfriendly.

    The purpose of this report is to highlight different aspects of interaction and size up a columndimension and to examine its efficiency and load capacity as Eurocode 3 and Eurocode 4. A sizing chart that describes the relationship between the torque and normal force shouldalso be made of the interaction .

     

  • 26.
    Alayon, Claudia
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sannö, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Säfsten, Kristina
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Johansson, Glenn
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation. Högskolan i Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sustainable production adoption by Surface Treatment SMES: challenges and enablers2015In: Global Cleaner Production & Sustainable Consumption Conference 2015 GCPC2015, 2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The adoption to sustainable production is a continuous but necessary strive for manufacturing operations, including small and medium enterprises, SMEs. Meeting the future needs of the economic, social and environmental dimensions provides challenges for SMEs. In order to meet these challenges, understanding of internal and external enablers is required. Studies focusing on the enablers for sustainability among SMEs are rare; hence these companies are important players in the supply chain to focal companies. In order to enhance the understanding of the adoption of sustainable production for the sector surface treatment SMEs, an exploratory study has been conducted. In this study, the focus has been placed in the identification and analysis of the challenges and enablers for adoption of sustainable production. Two stages of empirical data collection were undertaken: a focus group session and an online questionnaire. The findings present challenges based on the limitations of the surface treatment process but also where enablers for the social, economic and environmental for meeting those challenges are interrelated. The results showed that these SMEs face challenges in their way towards sustainable production, mainly due to: low economic profitability, need for improvement in old working procedures, lack of fully understanding regarding environmental legislation, difficulty in ensuring workforce, lack of technology development and resistance towards change. These challenges could be faced through internal and external enablers, where the support of large-size customers and other stakeholders is critical for this sector.

  • 27.
    Almaliki, Rasha
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Kariksiz, Civin
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Examensarbete: Implementering av2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In this report we discuss the tool, FMEA (Failure Mode Effect Analysis), we look at its usage and realization on identified components that are included in electrical motors made at ABB LV Motors in Västerås. Our goals with this work have been to give knowledge about the method FMEA to the company so they can learn to use this tool and for us to implement the tool on an existing application to analyze the failures that can occur. Since ABB have a project ongoing with a new motor our analyses can also give them input on what changes and actions to take on the new motor.

    After two weeks training in the workshop and a thorough survey of the companys warranty claims we could define our work by identifying which components we would survey our analyses on. After a run through with our instructors at the company we draw the conclusion to survey our work on five components, which there are two components that are very critical that we discovered during our information collection with the warranty claims.

    The analyzed components are:

    1. Bearing

    2. Winding

    3. Sealing of terminal box and terminal cap.

    4. Motor feet’s

    5. Shields

    Bearing which is after the winding the most critical component, it is a sensitive part and it is very important to follow instructions for maintenance and lubrication to avoid early bearing damages.

    Winding is the clearest most critical component in our analyzes, this is because there is many parts that plays role in the windings function, copper wires, isolations, impregnation and during the process you can have failures that affect the winding in a negative way immediately but also in a later phase when the motor is running.

    Sealing of the terminal box and cap describes those failures that can occur when the sealing is not effective and compact, and what happens is that you get dirt and damp in to the box and how it possibly can affect the connection box and other electrical applications.

    The failure analyze on feets and shields deals with design faults, tolerance faults and how it affects the components.

    In the report we describe the functions of the components, processes, maintenance and that is in general what we have in our FMEA analyses, however in the report we describe it more thoroughly. After the description of every component we have the FMEA of respective component attached. The FMEA analyses are our results in this work, in the analyses we show many possible failures at each component and also which failures are most critical to deal with.

  • 28.
    Almers, Fredrik
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Morrissey, Miguel
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Kåpning till brandspaningsrobot FUMO 32013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Detta projekt har utförts på en 10 veckors period och ligger på C-nivå (15högskolepoäng). Projektet gick ut på att ta fram ett kåpningsförslag för FUMO 3. Under denna period har de första 6 veckorna bestått av konceptframtagning och bearbetning av koncept, och de sista 4 av själva prototypframtagningen. Metoderna som använts för idégenerering och konceptframtagning har varit diverse produktutvecklingsverktyg. Då många ändringar och korrigeringar gjordes framför allt gällande basplatta, IP-lådor och externa enheter ganska sent in i projektet kunde gruppen inte fastställa ett konceptförslag förrän närmare slutet av arbetet med detta projekt. Prototypframtagningsprocessen utfördes genom bockning med maskin och för hands samt hopsättning genom popnitning. Mallar för utklippta plåtbitar togs fram genom CAD-ritningar som sedan ritadesut på pappskivor, som sedan provades på roboten i förväg. Då arbetet med prototypframtagningen gjordes i största mån för hand så lämnade gruppen utrymme för felpassningar som kunde uppstå på grund av felklippta plåtar, felaktiga bockningskanter och radier, skissnoggrannhet och annat orsakat av den mänskliga faktorn. Som slutsats ser vi oss ändå nöjda med att ha uppflyllt kraven under den tid som var utsatt.

  • 29.
    Almström, Peter
    et al.
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Andersson, Carin
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Ericsson Öberg, Anna
    Volvo Construction Equipment AB, Sweden.
    Hammersberg, Peter
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Kurdve, Martin
    Swerea IVF AB, Sweden.
    Landström, Anna
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Shahbazi, Sasha
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Wiktorsson, Magnus
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Windmark, Christina
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Winroth, Mats
    Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden.
    Zackrisson, Mats
    Swerea IVF, Sweden.
    Sustainable and Resource Efficient Business Performance Measurement Systems - The Handbook2017Report (Other academic)
  • 30.
    Amanatidou, Rebeka
    Mälardalen University, School of Sustainable Development of Society and Technology.
    CFD Measurements of the Cooling Air in a DC-Motor2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    The cooling system of a DC-motor is examined in this thesis. A change of direction of the cooling air is desired to prevent the generated coal dust from entering into the windings of the machine. Ultimately this will have a negative effect on the cooling in the machine and the loss of cooling needs to be compensated through other ways. The purpose of this thesis is to work for an improved operational safety and performance of the DC-motor and to make it more competitive in the market. By modelling the interior geometry of the machine and defining the boundaries in the software programs Gambit and FLUENT respectively, the motion and the heat transfer of the airflow could be simulated. The simulation results would give us an understanding of the flow pattern which later could be used to develop design modifications on the cooling system of a DC-motor. In this thesis the main focus lies on creating a simulation model with a sufficiently fine mesh size.

  • 31.
    Amin, Rebin
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tool for Risk Evaluation2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 32.
    Amro, Adib
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Öberg Sjöstrand, Billy
    För- och nackdelar med att förlänga/förkorta flygets underhållsintervaller2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    Aircraft maintenance within the aviation industry is an essential part as the purpose is to maintain the aircrafts built-in security and reliability levels. Aircraft require approved and straightforward maintenance to ensure safe operation and airworthiness. The maintenance program's intention is to ensure that a function operates properly despite an uncertain environment. During flights, aircraft are exposed to a large number of loads, which causes components and parts to be affected negatively. Because of this, a maintenance program is presented, the program tries to constantly detect and correct any potential errors before a functional error occurs.

    This degree project is about finding out about the pros and cons of extending or shortening the maintenance interval within the aircraft maintenance program. In addition, the purpose is to draw conclusions about how airline, aircraft turbine performance and age are related to extension or shortening of this maintenance interval. The dissertation was written at the Academy of Innovation, Design and Technology at Mälardalens högskola, Västerås.

    The work process was carried out in several steps. The first step was to deepen the knowledge within the field and understand the maintenance program. This was done through literature studies and information gathering on the subject. The second step was to analyze and process the general information and answers from the interview questions. The work included the advantages and disadvantages caused by extension or shortening of maintenance intervals without affecting the reliability that maintenance requirements ensure. 

  • 33.
    Andersen, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Brunoe, Thomas Ditlev
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Nielsen, Kjeld
    Aalborg University, Denmark.
    Rösiö, Carin
    Jönköping University, Sweden.
    Towards a generic design method for reconfigurable manufacturing systems: Analysis and synthesis of current design methods and evaluation of supportive tools2017In: Journal of manufacturing systems, ISSN 0278-6125, E-ISSN 1878-6642, Vol. 42, p. 179-195Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In  today’s global manufacturing environment, changes are inevitable and something that every manufacturer must respond to and take advantage of, whether it is in regards to technology changes, product changes, or changes in the manufacturing processes. The reconfigurable manufacturing system (RMS) meets this challenge through the ability to rapidly and efficiently change capacity and functionality, which is the reason why it has been widely labelled the manufacturing paradigm of the future. However, design of the RMS represents a significant challenge compared to the design of traditional manufacturing systems, as it should be designed for efficient production of multiple variants, as well as multiple product generations over its lifetime. Thus, critical decisions regarding the degree of scalability and convertibility of the system must be considered in the design phase, which affects the abilities to reconfigure the system in accordance with changes during its operating lifetime. However, in current research it is indicated that conventional manufacturing system design methods do not support the design of an RMS and that a systematic RMS design method is lacking, despite the fact that numerous contributions exist. Moreover, there is currently only limited evidence for the breakthrough of reconfigurability in industry. Therefore, the research presented in this paper aims at synthesizing current contributions into a generic method for RMS design. Initially, currently available design methods for RMS are reviewed, in terms of classifying and comparing their content, structure, and scope, which leads to a synthesis of the reviewed methods into a generic design method. In continuation of this, the paper includes a discussion of practical implications related to carrying out the design, including an identification of potential challenges and an assessment of which tools that can be applied to support the design. Conclusively, further areas for research are indicated, which provides valuable knowledge of how to develop and realize the benefits of reconfigurability in industry.

  • 34.
    Andersen, Ann-Louise
    et al.
    Aalborg Univ, Denmark.
    Rosio, Carin
    Jönköping Univ, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Bruch, Jessica
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Jackson, Mats
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Reconfigurable Manufacturing - An Enabler for a Production System Portfolio Approach2016In: Procedia CIRP, 2016, Vol. 52, p. 139-144Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate how the development of a strategically integrated product and production system portfolio could be enabled by the concept of reconfigurable manufacturing. In previous research, several critical challenges related to developing production system portfolios have been identified, but it has not been investigated how developing a reconfigurable manufacturing concept could aid some of these. Therefore, through a multiple case study, these critical challenges have been investigated in two companies that have recently developed reconfigurable manufacturing concepts for multiple variants and generations of products. The findings reveal that the companies need to deal with several challenges in order to enable a functioning RMS. By running the project separately from the NPD project and to include several product types and production sites the company overcome several challenges. (C) 2016 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  • 35.
    Andersson, Alf
    et al.
    Volvo Car Corporation Manufacturing Engineering.
    Erdem, Ilker
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Funk, Peter
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Rahman, Hamidur
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Embedded Systems. IS (Embedded Systems).
    Kihlman, Henrik
    ProdTex.
    Bengtsson, Kristofer
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Falkman, Petter
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Torstensson, Johan
    Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre.
    Carlsson, Johan
    Fraunhofer-Chalmers Centre.
    Scheffler, Michael
    Carl Zeiss Automated Inspection GmbH & Co.
    Bauer, Stefan
    Carl Zeiss Automated Inspection GmbH & Co.
    Paul, Joachim
    Carl Zeiss Automated Inspection GmbH & Co.
    Lindkvist, Lars
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Nyqvist, Per
    Chalmers University of Technology.
    Inline Process Control – a concept study of efficient in-line process control and process adjustment with respect to product geometry2016In: Swedish Production Symposium 2016 SPS 2016, Lund, Sweden, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    All manufacturing processes have variation which may violate the fulfillment of assembly, functional, geometrical or esthetical requirements and difficulties to reach desired form in all areas. The cost for geometry defects rises downstream in the process chain. Therefore, it is vital to discover these defects as soon as they appear. Then adjustments can be done in the process without losing products or time. In order to find a solution for this, a project with the overall scope “development of an intelligent process control system” has been initiated. This project consists of five different work packages: Inline measurement, Process Evaluation, Corrective actions, Flexible tooling and demonstrator cell. These work packages address different areas which are necessary to fulfill the overall scope of the project. The system shall both be able to detect geometrical defects, propose adjustments and adjust simple process parameters. The results are demonstrated in a demo cell located at Chalmers University of Technology. In the demonstrator all the different areas have been verified in an industrial case study – assembly of GOR Volvo S80. Efficient offline programming for robot based measurement, efficient process evaluation based on case base reasoning (CBR) methodology, flexible fixtures and process adjustments based on corrective actions regarding in going part positioning.

  • 36.
    Andersson, Amanda
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eklund, Adam
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Vidareutveckling av friktionsbetingat förband för fixering av tankar2018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Scania CV AB is one of the world’s leading companies within heavy vehicles. The company have a broad selection of trucks, which all are equipped with gas, or fuel tanks, depending on the fuel type of the truck, The trucks also contain air tanks that are used for braking and air suspension. The tanks are assembled with straps, where the rubber spacers constitutes a protective layer between the tank and the strap, to protect the tank from wear.

    When installing different types of tanks there is a need for elements in the joint that increases the friction, compensates for manufacturing defects, prevents wear and permits electrical insulation. This has traditionally been done with rubber spacers. However, the rubber spacers increase the uncertainty of the actual preload of the joint, and movements in the joint usually make the spacers slip out of its position. 

    The purpose of the project is to generate knowledge on what characteristics and conditions that affects the performance of the friction joint, and to find a conceptual solution of the underlaying problem.       

    The following questions were created to be able to fulfill the purpose of the project: F1: Which underlying causes generate preload loss in the straps when assembling various tanks? F2: Which underlying causes makes rubber spacers tend to slip out of its position in various tank installations? F3: What operations need to be undertaken to prevent the preload loss in the straps and that the rubber spacers slip out of its position? 

    A case study and a literature review was conducted. The literature review was done to get an overall understanding of all of the different subjects that can be of relevance in this project. The data was collected from books, research papers and scientific articles. Data was also collected from interviews, technical reports, deviation reports, legal requirements, drawings, statistics from the field quality and observations in production. 

    The case study is based on a product development process where several different product development tools have been used. The case study also include material testing in terms of friction and settlement testing.

    The project resulted in a concept in the shape of a rubber spacer which is based on the existing solution that Scania is using today. The solution consists of four components: geometries that prevent the rubber from slipping away known as flanges and geometries in the shape of tips of a fir tree, rounded short sides and a dimpled underside. The size of the spacer will vary because of the different types of tank and strap sizes.

    The project also resulted in a design guideline, that will provide guidelines and guidance for further work and future design.

  • 37.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bousquet, Anna
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bestickställ för ultraljudstvätt2015Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This was a product development project performed for AB Gense, a cutlery manufacturer in Eskilstuna. Between different operations during production the work material needs to be cleaned in an alkaline ultrasonic cleaner. The work materials are placed in a cutlery basket where they are in contact with each other. Due to this not all work materials are clean enough after the cleaning which leads to extra work for the operators. The purpose of this project was to develop a new cutlery basket in order to achieve a higher number of clean work materials.

     

    The main focus of the project was to develop a cutlery basket suitable for use in an ultrasonic cleaner. The project was based on the principals of the product development process. Interviews and observations were used in order to gather information about the problem. A number of concepts was developed and evaluated theoretically as well as practically together with the company.

     

    One concept was selected for further development. Plastic was chosen as material for the concept and 3D-printing for manufacturing since only a few baskets were to be produced.

     

    The result was a concept of a cutlery basket consisting of a base with removable supports for the work materials. The support comes in two different heights and has dents on the top in order to separate the work materials. A FEM-analysis was made in order to analyze the impact of the loads on the cutlery basket.

     

    It is hard to estimate to which degree the purpose was fulfilled due to the fact that no working prototype has been produced and tested. However the cutlery basket will probably give better results since the work materials are separated during the cleaning process. 

  • 38.
    Andersson, Anna
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Carlsson, Eva-Sara
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Structures in Underground Facilities: Analysis of a Concrete Column’s Capacity toWithstand Extraordinary Fire Loads2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report presents a Master of Science in Engineering work, carried out at Mälardalen’sUniversity within the research project METRO. The aim for this work was to determineif a concrete column placed close to the tracks at a subway station can withstand theeffect and temperature of a fire in a burning train comparable to the effects and temperaturesthat showed at the full scale test carried out within the METRO project. A literature review was made before a following case study. The results from thiswork show that the column is negligible affected by the fire.

  • 39. Andersson, Carina
    et al.
    Bengtsson, Marcus
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Essential Information Forms in a Condition Monitoring ContextManuscript (Other academic)
  • 40.
    Andersson, Charlotte
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Linnakallio, Caroline
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
     Basstation-FUMO 32013Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 41.
    Andersson, Daniel
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Energiuppföljning av verkligt energibehov kontra beräknat för Hälleborgsäldreboende: Sveriges modernaste äldreboende2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In order to reach the 20/20 goals (meaning 20% lower energy consumption until 2020) the energy requirements on buildings must get tougher and tougher. The city of Västerås has from year 2011 set its own energy requirements on all sold estates to 60 kWh/(m2,year). When the city needed to build the new Hälleborgs elderly care center, their aim was to reach this limited energy consumption. Soon, during the planning stage, they changed this requirement to 70 kWh/(m2,year) weighted energy. The reason for this was because they were using two heating systems, one was a electric heat pump and the second was district heating.

    Because of higher average age in the society, the need for more elderly care centers arise even in Västerås. In the spring 2015 Hälleborgs elderly care center was completed and occupied. 2 year after the building was complete, the contractor has to do an energy monitoring and see if the goal 70 kWh/m2 is reached.

    In this bachelor thesis all information will be tested and the aim is to try to make a energy monitoring and figure out what needs to be done to be able to performe the energy monitoring 2017.

    During the work the biggest problem has been to get the right information. The system that should keep all the measured data (Momentum) was found not to have the connection to the building. When we try to pick the data by hand from the building it was not complete.

    So the conclusion is that the building is not ready to energy monitoring jet. This is because the building needs more time to be stable and adjust the technical systems. It also needs more points of energy measurments and flowmeters in order to get the heating water consumption.

    In the electric system first the net owners energy meter is installed, then the building has own meters at each electric central to separate customers consumption from building consumption. When groups of energy is summarized, it is just half of the net owners consumption. This is because some of the energy in the building is not registered. One of the electric energy’s that not is registered is the commercial kitchen, but the difference is to big that it need to be evaluated what’s missed.

  • 42.
    Andersson, Daniel
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development. Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Tholén, Fredrik
    Mälardalen University, Department of Innovation, Design and Product Development.
    Styrkan i OEE som arbetsmetod2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The E-department at GETRAG All Wheel Drive in Köping have problems with the efficiency on parts of their production equipment. The equipment with the most significant efficiency problems are four automated multifunctional production cells that produces housing for rear drive units. The major part of the problem is the large amount of small stops that causes the low efficiency.

    The department already worked with logging of interruptions and efficiency calculations before this project started. However this work was not done to the extent considered necessary for a systematic follow-up of the interruptions.

    The aim of this paper is to point out a more effective and systematic way to work with logging of interruptions and the follow-up. In addition the equipment were studied with a method for efficiency calculation that – if used properly- is a more powerful and a visually better method than the one used by the company today.

    As the initial current state analysis of the equipment was made a lack of documented knowledge about the equipment was discovered. In addition the efficiency appeared to be lower than the companies previously presented figures.

    With the help of new methods for logging of interruptions and a deeper failure analysis the production equipment were studied for ten weeks. These studies showed that the department have big opportunities to a more effective and more profitable production. This can be done by reducing the chronicle interruptions through a more systematic work with continuous improvements.

    On the basis of the performed studies and the theoretical references a new working method that is based on the commitment of all employees is presented. This method can be used by the E-department to work with continuous improvements in a more systematic way than today.

  • 43. Andersson, Henny
    et al.
    Thorin, Eva
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Lindmark, Johan
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Schwede, Sebastian
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Jansson, Joakim
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering, Future Energy Center.
    Suhonen, Anssi
    Savonia University of Applied Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Jääskeläinen, Ari
    Savonia University of Applied Sciences, University of Eastern Finland, Finland.
    Reijonen, Tero
    Laatikainen, Reino
    Heitto, Anneli
    Hakalehto, Elias
    TECHNICAL REPORT ON PILOT A TESTS IN SWEDEN2015Report (Refereed)
  • 44.
    Andersson, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering, Innovation and Product Realisation.
    Already there?: cultivating emergent places for radical innovation in operations2017In: International Series in Operations Research & Management Science, Volume 255, Springer New York LLC , 2017, p. 131-149Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter proposes a way of understanding and cultivating places for radical innovation in operations. This chapter describes how, organisations can, instead of letting an innovation laboratory be its single economic and managerial priority, foster a decentralised, varied and emergent palette of places in use where radical innovation can occur. The chapter suggests that this can be done in lean production facilities and radical innovation be balanced with incremental innovation. 

  • 45.
    Andersson, Magnus
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Eriksson, Peter
    Analysis of noise levels, audio frequency and fuel consumption with propellers of type McCauley and MT on BAe Jetstream 322012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report describes a thesis project conducted at Direktflyg in Borlänge, in early 2012, where the aim was to analyse the difference in noise level, audio frequency and fuel consumption between propellers of the older type McCauley and the newer type MT on the aircraft type BAe Jetstream 32. To perform the analysis, the authors reviewed current procedures regarding noise certification from air safety agencies to be able to identify suitable methods for the noise level and audio frequency measurements. The results of the conducted noise level measurements show a general lower noise level throughout the cabin and a significant reduction in noise level behind row 2 when using the MT propeller compared to the McCauley type. In practice this means a lower perceived noise level for most passengers at an average passenger load factor. The frequency measurements show that the MT propeller generates audio frequencies which are perceived as lower in noise levels and are therefore more comfortable for passengers. The fuel consumption was also slightly lower when using the MT propeller compared to the McCauley type over the assigned time period and the determined limiting parameters.

  • 46.
    Andersson, Martina
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Processeffektivisering i HMLV-miljö med hjälp av Lean2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte och frågeställningar: Syftet med examensarbetet är - att genom att kartlägga nuvarande process och identifiera slöserier i den - undersöka om företag inom HMLV-miljöer kan bli mer effektiva genom att använda sig av verktyg och principer inom lean produktion. Utifrån syftet formulerades och besvarades följande två frågeställningar:

    1)      Har Lean betydande inverkan även vid produktion av lägre volymer?

    2)      Hur kan företag inom HMLV - produktion som tillverkar mot order bli mer effektiva och öka kvaliteten med implementering av Lean?

    Metod och genomförande: En fallstudie har utförts på ett litet HMLV-företag som tillverkar produkter mot kundorder. Kvalitativ som kvantitativ data har främst inhämtats genom observationer, mätningar, semistrukturerade och ostrukturerade intervjuer samt genom analysering av företagsdokument i form av ordrar och beställningshistorik. För att knyta an fallstudien till teorin har en litteraturstudie genomförts i vilken information har inhämtats från såväl böcker som vetenskapliga artiklar.

    Resultat: Fallstudien visar efter en kartläggning av processflödet av en artikel att företaget på vilket studien utfördes idag inte jobbar med Lean i någon större utsträckning. Kartläggningen visar att det förekommer flertalet slöserier i form av väntan mellan processer, onödiga rörelser mellan stationer samt att artikeln rör sig ojämnt genom de olika processerna i flödet varför det varit en komplex uppgift att kartlägga densamma.

    Slutsatser: De slutsatser som kan dras från fallstudien i relation till den teoretiska referensramen är att företag inom HMLV-produktion kan använda sig av vissa leanverktyg för att bli mer effektiva medan andra verktyg är sämre lämpade i den nämnda miljön. Vidare kan några av de 14 principerna anammas för att företaget både ska bli mer effektiva men även för att öka kvaliteten på sina produkter.

    Nyckelord: Lean, logistic, high-mix-low-volume (HMLV), production improvement.

     

  • 47.
    Andersson, Oskar
    Mälardalen University, School of Business, Society and Engineering.
    Avskiljning av inert material från avfallsbränsle: En fältstudie av förbättrad RDF-produktion på bränsleberedningen i Västerås2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Energy recovery of waste got huge potential of decreasing the greenhouse gas emissions in the world. Combustion in fluidized bed boilers gives high resource efficiency but demands a comminuted fuel with low content of inert (non-combustible) materials, a so called refuse derived fuel (RDF).  A well-functioning separation process as part of the RDF-production allows efficient combustion as well as efficient treatment of the separated materials. The purpose of this degree project is to investigate what factors that influences on the separation of inert material from waste for combustion in a fluidized bed boiler and how the separation can be improved. This is investigated through a field study of a fuel-preparation plant in Sweden. The separation process has been examined visually and by experiments based on sampling and manual sorting of waste fractions. The results show five factors that are assumed to influence on the sorting. Three of them are suggested to be solved by simple constructions. One factor that shows to have a great impact is the input waste to the process which is varying to a large extent. A measure that is suggested to give improved separation is a recurrent check of the RDF quality and the reject quality. Combined with information about the input waste this should be basis for recurrent adjustments of the plant to achieve a more stable quality of the separation output. Another measure that is suggested is to decrease the size of the material flow through the production line. This is suggested since the size of the flow is assumed to have an important impact on the separation. The decrease can be achieved by more evenly distribute the production over time and over the production lines. This will though require a more active planning of the production and minimization of production stops. As part of the work a new wind sifter has also been tested.  The wind sifter show good potential of improving the separation if it would be installed to create a two-step wind sifting. However, since the investment of a new wind sifter implies a high investment, a study of the costs and saving potential is required before the investment can be suggested as a measure. 

  • 48.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Communication space: Spatial design in manufacturing industry2011Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The main concern of this licentiate thesis is to discuss how built space is used for communication in the manufacturing industry, from a visual communication perspective. The thesis presents and develops the notion of 'communication space' and presents a model to describe the relation between different factors in the communication space.

    In a multiple case study, six different cases from the manufacturing industry are described and analyzed to highlight how built space is used for communication in a lean production context. Research results on how built spaces such as improvement places, meeting places and a development workshop affect improvement processes and communication are presented. What the studied improvement areas, meeting places and workshop can be said to communicate about the improvement processes is analyzed.

    The research results show that the built spaces in manufacturing industry are used for communication on two levels, both as places for interaction between employees and as a part of a communication process. The study also shows a relation between architecture from a specific time and the relation to the improvement work in the industrial context. How the results can be used to facilitate communication in the built spaces used for improvement processes in manufacturing industry is suggested in the thesis.

  • 49.
    Andersson Schaeffer, Jennie
    et al.
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Bellgran, Monica
    Spatial design and communication for Improved Production Performance2009In: Proceedings of The International 3rd Swedish Production Symposium: Göteborg, Sweden, 2-3 december 2009 / [ed] Rosén, B.G., Swedish Production Academy, 2009, p. 317-324Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper present research results on how a spatial design can communicate and support

    production performance in relation to lean production. The main concern of this paper is to

    discuss the role of interior design and its affect on humans in a production system and to

    contribute to a more profound understanding of lean production from a communicative aspect.

    This paper is focusing on three case studies: a project studio, a prototype workshop, and a

    development workshop in manufacturing companies. The study in the development workshop

    is conducted during a period of two years, with an ambitious survey as follow up. The

    two others are context cases to exemplify and investigate the role of interior design in an

    industrial environment, with project studios as the main subject.

    The research method chosen is case study methodology including a literature review related

    to examples from the industrial case studies.

    In industry, spatial design in interaction with visual artefacts can be used to reduce the 8th

    waste by supporting effective communication, cross-functional work, decision-making processes,

    reinforcing the project identity, facilitating project management, save time, shorten

    led time for development projects and inspire employees to a positive view of the company

    and the project.

     

  • 50.
    Andersson, Staffan
    Mälardalen University, School of Innovation, Design and Engineering.
    Verifieringsinformation: En kvalitativ studie2012Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report deals with how an optimal degree of verification information in a contract shall be attained. While writing contracts there are a limited level of information at hand. Customer requirements are available but the system design is not established. Radar systems are very complex products that lead to many years from contract to final delivery. Meanwhile new technologies are developed and this might lead to redesign. Thus, acceptance tests will be affected and discussions might occur between manufacturer and costumer.

    Discussions might be due to a low level of information at contract level, which might lead to different visions between manufacturer and costumer. On the contrary, too much information causes problems if incorrect information has emerged and if there is a change in design discussions will arise. 

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